Brisbane Noise Information Pack. July 2012

Brisbane Noise Information Pack July 2012 Table of Contents Purpose 2 Overview 2 Brisbane Airport 3 Hours of Operation/Curfews Runway Configurat...
Author: Lesley Lamb
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Brisbane Noise Information Pack July 2012 Table of Contents Purpose

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Overview

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Brisbane Airport

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Hours of Operation/Curfews Runway Configuration Air Traffic Future Noise Issues Community Engagement Typical Aircraft Tracks for Wind Conditions

- Northerly - Southerly - Mixed conditions

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Typical Aircraft Tracks for Instrument Approaches

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Track Density Plot for All Aircraft Operations

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Archerfield Airport Hours of Operation/Curfews Runway Configuration Air Traffic Community Engagement

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Redcliffe Airport

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Hours of Operation/Curfews Runway Configuration Air Traffic Other Resources

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_______________________________________ Disclaimer The information contained in this document is for information purposes only. While Airservices Australia has taken reasonable steps to ensure the accuracy of this information, Airservices Australia makes no warranty or representation that it is current, accurate or complete. Copyright

©

This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this work in unaltered form (retaining this notice) only for your non-commercial, personal use or non-commercial use within your organisation. You may not otherwise reproduce, transmit, publish or communicate this work or any part of it by any means. Commercial use of any part of this work (including use, reproduction, transmission, publication or communication for a commercial purpose, or as part of providing a commercial service) is strictly prohibited. Apart from any other use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved.

Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide information to the community on aircraft operations throughout the Brisbane basin, operating out of Brisbane, Archerfield and Redcliffe airports.

Overview The Brisbane area is affected by aircraft noise, either from helicopters or fixed wing propeller or jet powered aircraft. Operations may occur at media or hospital helipads, or from airports at Amberley, Archerfield, Brisbane or Redcliffe. There are five environmental (noise) monitoring units (EMUs) located at Nudgee Beach, Kedron, Bulimba, Cannon Hill and Tingalpa.

Figure 1: Brisbane Suburbs Showing the Locations for Brisbane, Archerfield and Redcliffe airports. 2

Brisbane Airport Brisbane Airport is situated at the mouth of the Brisbane River adjacent to the seaport.

Hours of Operation / Curfews

Figure 2: Runway Configuration

Brisbane Airport operates 24 hours per day. There is no curfew at the airport, however, noise abatement procedures are used to reduce the impact of aircraft operations on residential areas especially at night. From 10.00pm— 6.00am, when wind and traffic conditions permit, aircraft depart and land over Moreton Bay. However when there is a northerly wind on runway 01, aircraft will depart over Moreton Bay and land over the southern suburbs. The opposite applies in the case of southerly wind.

Runway Configuration Brisbane Airport has two runways: 01/19* (3500 metres) and 14/32* (1700 metres) - see Figure 2. The airport’s approved (2009) Master Plan provides for a 3,600 metre runway to be built parallel to Runway 01/19. Brisbane’s typical weather patterns are such that during the summer months the wind blows from over Moreton Bay (northerly). This dictates the use of Runway 01 for arrivals and departures from Brisbane Airport. During the winter the prevailing winds are southerlies and runway 19 is used. Varying meteorological systems will mean that there are sometimes changes to these seasonal patterns. Runway selection is determined by Air Traffic Control (ATC) based on the wind conditions at the time of the operation. As the wind changes, the duty runway direction may change. This is because aircraft primarily take off and land into the wind for safety and performance reasons. This results in different areas around the airport being over-flown by aircraft. * runways are designated by the first two digits of the compass heading.

Air Traffic During the 2010 calendar year Brisbane had 187,956 movements. Eighteen international airlines operate through Brisbane Airport, but the majority of the traffic consists of medium sized jets and turbo-props. Depending on weather conditions the airport will operate in the 01 direction during the day and at night the preferred mode of operation is for arrivals and departures to be conducted over the Bay.

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Future Noise Issues Brisbane Airport is one of the fastest growing airports in Australia, with annual passenger numbers expected to grow from 22,000,000 in 2012 and to over 35,000,000 by 2023. Planning of a second parallel runway started more than 20 years ago and the footprint for it has appeared in Brisbane street directories for at least six years. The new runway involves constructing a 3,600 metre system runway located two kilometres west of and parallel to the existing main runway (01/19)—a process that will take a minimum of eight years to complete following approval. The new parallel runway is expected to be operational at the end of 2015 at the earliest. The new runway will result in new flight corridors being required. More information is available at the Brisbane Airport Experience Centre, http://www2.bne.com.au/experience-centre.

Community Engagement Brisbane Airport provides two main forums for community and stakeholder engagement; 1.

The Brisbane Airport Community Forum (BACF)

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The Brisbane Airport Community Aviation Consultation Group (BACACG)

BACF The Brisbane Airport Community Forum is designed to be an open platform for members of the community to find out more about their airport and for Brisbane Airport to get feedback on issues affecting each of the four key regional areas in which the forums are held. The BACF represents a unique opportunity for members of the public to directly interact with airport management, government agencies and the airport community on issues including environment, traffic, noise, infrastructure and commercial development. The BACF is designed to provide an opportunity for people to be able to attend events to participate in discussion. The online forum and upcoming dates can be accessed here:http://bne.com.au/community-forum/brisbane-airport-community-forum Airservices attends BACACG meetings and representatives provide regular reports to the group. BACACG As part of the Brisbane Airport Community Engagement Program, a Brisbane Airport Community Aviation Consultative Group (BACACG) also meets as an independentlychaired vehicle to promote informed and responsive community engagement between the airport and its surrounding communities, on issues relating to aircraft operations at Brisbane Airport, in particular on the issue of aircraft noise. More information of the BACACG’s role and responsibilities can be found here:http://bacacg.com.au/ Airservices attends BACACG meetings and representatives provide regular reports to the group.

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Typical Aircraft Tracks for Wind Conditions The next three figures illustrate typical aircraft tracks in specific wind conditions.

Figure 3: Typical Aircraft Tracks for Northerly Wind Conditions typical for the summer months (4 February 2011).

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Figure 4: Typical Aircraft Tracks for Southerly Wind Conditions typical for winter months (13 June 2011).

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Figure 5: Typical Aircraft Tracks for Northerly and Southerly Wind Conditions (ANOMS 13 May 2011)

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Typical Aircraft Tracks for Instrument Approaches In poor weather and restricted visibility conditions, arriving aircraft follow an Instrument Approach as this is the safest form of operations. The most precise instrument guidance is provided by the Instrument Landing System (ILS) to either runway 01 or 19. Additionally, international jet aircraft arriving at Australian airports are provided with an ILS approach. The pilot is the decision maker regarding the safety and operation of the aircraft and if he/she requires an ILS approach, air traffic control are obligated to provide use of this flight path no matter what conditions are in place at that time. An ILS approach means the aircraft fly at a set descent rate guided by navigational equipment to the threshold of the runway. Such approaches require aircraft to track straight in for a landing. When the weather conditions dictate that aircraft land on runway 01 on an ILS approach they track straight in to the runway from overhead Archerfield.

Figure 6: Typical Aircraft Tracks for Northerly Wind Conditions including sample ILS approaches.

ILS APPROACHES

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Track Density Plot for All Aircraft Operations Track density plots display the pattern of aircraft flight tracks passing over a region during a specific period and is a good reference for areas often over-flown by aircraft. They show the most-used flight corridors, however this does not mean that aircraft do not fly over other areas of the Brisbane Basin. Figure 5 shows the quarterly track density plot for all aircraft operations for January — March 2011. The grey circles show the location of each environmental monitoring unit. (Note: the number shown is the designated identifier of each terminal) The colour coding from green to red represents the range of 2 overflights per day to 20 or more per day over the three-month period. As noted above, the absence of a coloured track over any given area does not necessarily mean that aircraft have not flown over that area. Rather, it means that on average less than 2 flights per day have flown over that area during the period. Figure 7: Track Density Plot for all Aircraft Operations, 1 January—31 March 2011

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Archerfield Airport Archerfield Airport is Brisbane's secondary airport, located just 11kms south-west of the city's Central Business District. It carries the largest number of general aviation movements of all Queensland airports, has the most aviation operators and flying schools in Queensland and is the home to over 200 aircraft.

Hours of Operation/Curfews Archerfield Airport operates 24 hours per day. There is no curfew at the airport, however, noise abatement procedures are used to reduce the impact of aircraft operations on residential areas. Archerfield Tower is staffed by Air Traffic Controllers between the hours are 7.00 am until 5.00 pm. Outside that time, when operational conditions permit Runway 28 must be used for take-offs. Low level helicopter training is not permitted outside of tower hours

Runway Configuration Archerfield Airport has a multi-runway configuration comprising two sets of parallel runways: 28L/10R - 28R/10L, and 04R/22L - 04L/22R.

Figure 8: Runway Configuration 10

Air Traffic During the 2010 calendar year there were a total of 118,354 movements (324 per day). This includes a significant number of circuit training operations involving both fixed wing and helicopters.

Community Engagement Archerfield Airport Corporation operates the Archerfield Airport Community Aviation Consultation Group (AACACG) which meets three times a year to discuss any matters affecting Archerfield Airport and was established in accordance with the initiative identified in the Federal Government’s Aviation white Paper 2009. The purpose of AACACG is to ensure community views are effectively heard by the airport and to provide members of the community with an opportunity to obtain information about airport operations. The AACACG provides a forum to discuss a range of airport matters including aviation and non-aviation developments and planning or regulatory changes. Airservices attends AACACG meetings and representatives provide regular reports to the group. http://www.archerfieldairport.com.au/index.php? option=com_content&view=article&id=274:communityconsultation&catid=91:community-consultation&Itemid=127

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Redcliffe Airport Redcliffe Airport is owned and operated by Moreton Bay Regional Council. There are no tower or Air Traffic Control facilities at Redcliffe Airport.

Hours of Operation/Curfew Redcliffe Airport operates 24 hours per day. There is no curfew at the airport, however, noise abatement procedures are used to reduce the impact of aircraft operations on residential areas. Some of these include that residential areas, especially on the western perimeter of the aerodrome are to be avoided at all times and that night operations are not permitted between 10pm and 6am local time except for emergencies. A full list of noise abatement procedures can be found here: http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/aip/current/ersa/FAC_YRED_28-Jun-2012.pdf

Runway Configuration Redcliffe airport has one east-west runway (07/25) of length 853m.

Figure 9: Redcliffe Runway Configuration

Air Traffic Smaller general aviation aircraft operate out of the airport, including circuit training and helicopter training. In addition, parachute and ultralight operations are also undertaken at the airport. There has been noticeable growth in the movements at this airport over the past few years.

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Other resources: Noise and Flight Path Monitoring System The Brisbane Airport component of the Noise and Flight Path Monitoring System (NFPMS) has two permanently installed Environmental Monitoring Units collecting noise data at Nudgee Beach, Kedron, Bulimba, Cannon Hill and Tingalpa. In addition to the permanent monitoring units, there are portable units which may be connected to the system for measuring aircraft noise data at temporary locations from time to time. The monitoring locations are regularly reviewed for their suitability in addressing the impact of aircraft noise on the local community. These reviews consider suggestions for future monitoring locates from the Brisbane Airport Community Aviation Consultation Group. Airservices publishes reports from the NFPMS on a quarterly basis on its website at: http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/projectsservices/reports/nfpms/default.asp

WebTrak Airservices provides an internet service called WebTrak which enables aircraft movements to be observed in near real time (there is a delay of 40 minutes) at eight airports around Australia, including Brisbane Airport. Information is available for the past 3 months. WebTrak provides information about individual aircraft such as aircraft type, altitude, destination and noise levels, and presents this information on a map. WebTrak is available on the Airservices Australia web site at: http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/aviationenvironment/noise/webtrak/

Brisbane Airport Website. This contains information of the current activities at the airport including; noise maps, , Community Aviation Consultation Group and details of the airport’s Master Plan. http://bne.com.au/

Archerfield Airport Web Site: This contains information of the current activities at the airport including; noise maps, , Community Aviation Consultation Group and details of the airport’s Master Plan. http://www.archerfieldairport.com.au/ 13

Department of Infrastructure and Transport Website This contains information on aircraft noise regulations, Airports curfews, insulation programs, fact sheets ad Aviation’s role in reducing carbon emissions. This site also has a link to the Federal Government’s Aviation White Paper. This details the Government’s aviation policy http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/

Civil Aviation Safety Authority Website This site provides information on aircraft airworthiness and certification, airspace regulation and issues of aviation safety (for example the rules concerning low flying aircraft). http://www.casa.gov.au/

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