World Meteorological Organization
Secretary-General 24.IV.2007 English
Submitted by: Date:
NATURAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION PROGRAMME SUMMARY ISSUES TO BE DISCUSSED: 1. 2. 3. 4.
Progress on the development of the Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme Emerging opportunities in disaster risk reduction through the Hyogo Framework for Action: 2005-2015 Programme vision, priorities and implementation directions WMO Integrated Capacity Development Strategy and Projects in Disaster Risk Reduction
ADDITIONAL FINANCIAL IMPLICATION: None DECISIONS/ACTIONS REQUIRED: (a) (b)
Adoption of draft text for inclusion in the general summary of Cg-XV contained in Appendix A Adoption of the draft resolution given in Appendix B
REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fourteenth World Meteorological Congress (WMO-No. 960) Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fifty-sixth Session of the Executive Council (WMO-No. 977) Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fifty-seventh Session of the Executive Council (WMONo. 988) Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fifty-eight Session of the Executive Council (WMONo 1007) Report of the Second Session of the Executive Council Advisory Group on Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
CONTENT OF DOCUMENT: Appendices for inclusion in the final report: A. B.
Draft text for inclusion in the general summary of Cg-XV Draft Resolution 3.9/1 (Cg-XV) - Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme
Appendix for information: Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9:
Cg-XV/Doc. 3.9, APPENDIX A
DRAFT TEXT FOR INCLUSION IN THE GENERAL SUMMARY OF Cg-XV 3.9
NATURAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION PROGRAMME (agenda item 3.9)
Review of activities during the fourteenth intersessional period 3.9.1 Congress recalled its decision to establish the major WMO crosscutting Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DPM) Programme, through Resolution 29 of its fourteenth session and requested the Executive Council (EC) to provide the overall guidance and framework for its implementation with the assistance of the technical commissions. Congress reviewed actions undertaken during the fourteenth intersessional period according to the 6LTP and directions provided by Fourteenth Congress (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 1 a-n). 3.9.2 Congress emphasized that WMO and National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) contribute to all components of disaster risk reduction, including prevention and mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and reconstruction. Congress stressed that the central focus of the Programme was to enhance contributions of NMHSs’ towards the protection of lives, livelihoods and property through strengthening their capacities and cooperation in disaster risk reduction at national to international levels. 3.9.3 Congress noted with appreciation progress (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 2) made for the development of the Programme, such as: (a)
Establishment of DPM focal points within all programmes, Commissions and working groups of regional associations and their active engagement in the implementation of the Programme;
Identification of potential partners and concrete areas of joint activity, and convening the Multi-Agency Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management to foster partnerships (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 7);
WMO contributions to the Second World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR), Third International Early Warning Conference, and Global Early Warning Survey requested by the UN Secretary-General.
3.9.4 Congress also acknowledged with satisfaction the Secretariat’s initiatives, following the tragic 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, in cooperation with partners and generous support from several Members and substantive funds raised through the ISDR Flash Appeal, to coordinate assessments and implementation of Global Telecommunication System (GTS) upgrades, including related training, in eight countries, where such needs were identified. Congress noted that internationally, the WMO GTS was recognized as the backbone for information exchange in support of multihazard early warning systems and requested the Secretary-General to support strengthening of tsunami early warning systems, through similar efforts in other regions at risk. Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015 and emerging opportunities for WMO and NMHSS in Disaster Risk Reduction 3.9.5 Congress acknowledged with satisfaction the participation of WMO and NMHSs in WCDR, and recognized that “Hyogo Framework for Action: 2005-2015” (HFA) underpinned WMO’s framework for implementation of disaster risk reduction at national to international levels. Congress further noted that HFA shifted the traditional focus of post-disaster humanitarian response to a more comprehensive approach involving prevention and preparedness measures (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 2).
Cg-XV/Doc. 3.9, APPENDIX A, p. 2
3.9.6 Congress noted that the Secretary-General contributed to the restructuring of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) System and agreed to the participation of WMO in the ISDR system and advancements of HFA (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 3). Congress noted that participation in the ISDR Platforms and strengthening of linkages with UN Resident Coordinators were effective mechanisms for NMHS cooperation with other agencies in this field and requested the Secretary-General to continue his actions with ISDR System in these forums and processes. Assessment of Members’ and regional capacities, requirements and priorities 3.9.7 Congress noted with satisfaction that major fact-finding surveys, completed at national and regional scales, analysed systematically Members’ capacities, requirements and priorities in disaster risk reduction. Congress expressed its appreciation to the Members for their participation in these WMO initiatives. These assessments identified common challenges and opportunities among the Members related to governance, organizational, technical, and training aspects (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 4). Congress agreed that these assessments constituted the basis for development of WMO integrated capacity development action plans, with particular focus on the developing and least developed countries and small island developing states. DPM Programme vision, priorities and implementation directions 3.9.8 Congress welcomed that EC, through its Advisory Group on DPM (EC-AG DPM) had progressed key issues such as: (i) vision for the Programme; (ii) DPM strategic goals, (iii) governance; (iv) budget-related aspects; (v) regional and national crosscutting projects and related implementation aspects; and (vi) naming of the Programme to better reflect its scope. Congress requested EC to consider these issues for adoption and/or implementation as appropriate (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 5). 3.9.9 Congress was informed that on the basis of assessments and surveys, the DPM Programme will lead a sustainable integrated capacity development action plan, which will be built upon some or all of the following major thrusts: (i) modernization of NMHSs and observing networks; (ii) implementation of national operational multi-hazard early warning systems; (iii) strengthening of hazard analysis and hydrometeorological risk assessment tools; (iv) strengthening NMHSs cooperation with civil protection and disaster risk management agencies; and (v) coordinated training and public outreach programmes. Congress agreed that the action plan be implemented through concrete regional and national projects involving relevant Programmes, technical commissions, regional associations, and external partner organizations. In that connection, Congress learned with satisfaction that the Secretary-General had already embarked on the implementation of several national and regional crosscutting projects (see Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, paragraph 6). 3.9.10 Congress requested the Secretary-General to strengthen resource mobilization for sustainability of national and regional disaster risk reduction capacities. 3.9.11 Recalling the increasing risks of meteorological, hydrological and climate-related hazards as a consequence of climate change, Congress requested the Secretary-General to ensure effective coordination among WMO climate-related Programmes and the DPM Programme, which would be reflected through concrete national and regional projects. Coordination with other international organizations related to disaster risk reduction of seismic-related hazards 3.9.12 Congress recalled its request to the EC to further address a potential facilitation role of WMO regarding international coordination in the field of seismology. Congress further recalled that
Cg-XV/Doc. 3.9, APPENDIX A, p. 3
the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) operated an advanced global seismological observation network, which had the potential to contribute significantly to the detection of a tsunami threat. Based on consultations with UNESCO, Congress noted that that there was no formal intergovernmental framework for coordination in the field of seismology. In light of the above, Congress requested the SecretaryGeneral to continue collaboration with CTBTO with a view to promoting the development of the CTBTO seismic observation system into a public service-oriented system that would contribute data freely and timely in support of disaster risk reduction. 3.9.13
Congress adopted Resolution 3.9/1 (Cg–XV).
Cg-XV/Doc. 3.9, APPENDIX B
DRAFT RESOLUTION Res. 3.9/1 (Cg-XV) — NATURAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION PROGRAMME THE CONGRESS, Noting: (1)
The Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fourteenth World Meteorological Congress (WMO-No. 960), general summary paragraphs 7.4.1 to 7.4.21 and 22.214.171.124, and Resolution 29 (Cg-XIV) — Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme,
The Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fifty-sixth Session of the Executive Council (WMO-No. 977), general summary paragraphs 11.1 to 11.13, Resolution 5 (EC-LVI) — Executive Council Advisory Group on Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, and Annex 4 to paragraph 3.9.5 – Revised Implementation Plan 2005 – 2007,
The Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fifty-seventh Session of the Executive Council (WMO-No. 988), general summary paragraphs 3.9.1 to 3.9.13, and Resolution 9 (EC-LVII) — Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation,
The Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Fifty-eighth Session of the Executive Council (WMO-No. 1007), general summary paragraphs 3.9.1 to 3.9.20,
The Report of the Second Session of the Executive Advisory Group on Disaster Prevention and Mitigation,
The outcome documents of the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18-22 January 2005), including the Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA),
The IPCC Fourth Assessment Reports,
Noting further: (1)
That disasters pose a serious threat to safety, security and sustainable development,
The increasing concern within the international community on issues relating to disaster risk reduction,
The linkages between climate change and potential increase in risks associated with disasters of hydrometeorological origin,
The critical role of WMO and NMHSs in all components of disaster risk reduction,
Stressing that investment in meteorological, hydrological and climate services is critical to sustainable development, Considering: (1)
That the WMO DPM Programme is a crosscutting Programme spanning WMO Programmes, technical commissions, regional associations and the Secretariat,
EC-LVII/Doc. 3.9, APPENDIX B, p. 2
That successful implementation of the Programme requires a clear programmatic focus, effective governance and strong cooperation at national to international levels,
That the name, “WMO Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme,” may not adequately reflect the complete scope of activities of WMO and NMHSs in disaster risk reduction,
Reaffirming that protection of lives, livelihoods and property are a key strategic thrust of WMO, Recognizing the strengthened International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (ISDR) System as the primary collaboration mechanism across the United Nations System and other international and regional agencies and networks involved in disaster risk reduction, Requests Executive Council: (1)
With the assistance of technical commissions and regional associations to further enhance its strategic guidance on the implementation of the Programme during the intersessional period;
To re-establish with updated Terms of Reference, its EC Advisory Group on Disaster Risk Reduction;
Requests presidents of technical commissions to coordinate inter-commission projects and activities to meet WMO Strategic Goals in disaster risk reduction; Requests presidents of regional associations, to ensure that regional association’s strategic plans are aligned with the regional components of Hyogo Framework for Action and with WMO’s Strategic Goals in disaster risk reduction; Requests the Secretary-General: (1)
To implement the Programme within available budgetary resources;
To continue to strengthen cooperation with ISDR System Partners and other relevant governmental and non-governmental Organizations involved in the field of disaster risk reduction;
Invites the ISDR System Partners and ISDR Secretariat to continue strengthening their partnerships with WMO; Urges Members: (1)
To implement HFA at the national level;
To strengthen collaboration with the civil protection agencies and disaster risk management authorities.
World Meteorological Organization
Secretary-General 24.IV.2007 English
Submitted by: Date:
NATURAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION PROGRAMME PROGRESS/ACTIVITY REPORT SUMMARY Reference: Cg-XV/Doc. 3.9 CONTENT OF DOCUMENT: Appendix: •
Cg-XV/Rep. 3.9, APPENDIX
PROGRESS/ACTIVITY REPORT Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme 1.
Summary of actions during the fourteenth intersessional period:
Executive Council’s Actions: (a)
EC-LVI (June 2004), through Resolution 5, established an Executive Council Advisory Group on Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (EC-AG DPM);
The first session of the EC-AG DPM (March 2005) provided recommendations for a Revised Implementation Plan of the DPM Programme, which was adopted through Resolution 9 of EC-LVII;
EC-LVIII (June 2006) provided further guidance on programmatic aspects and agreed to a work plan proposed by the Secretariat based on four fact-finding surveys and consultation with all WMO Programmes, technical commissions, regional associations (RAs), Members and partners and requested its Advisory Group to consider the outcomes of these surveys and consultations;
The second session of the EC-AG DPM (29-31 January 2007) reviewed progress to date and provided recommendations on governance, organizational and programmatic aspects of the DPM Programme;.
Organizational Aspects: (e)
In the first quarter of 2004, the Secretary-General established: (i)
A Secretariat Steering Committee on Disaster Reduction, chaired by WMO Deputy Secretary-General, involving Directors of Programme Departments, to oversee the coordination of DPM-related activities within the Secretariat;
The DPM Programme Office;
All technical commissions’ and Programme Departments’ DPM Focal Points;
Six WMO Regional Associations’ Working Group on DPM;
140 National DPM Focal Points have been designated by the Permanent Representatives (PRs);
EC-LVIII decided to strengthen the role of the Presidents of Technical Commissions (PTC) as a group to coordinate the contributions of technical commissions, including intercommission activities related to the DPM Programme;
The 2007 PTC Meeting decided to address in greater detail possible inter-commission project areas, based on priorities established by Fifteenth Congress;
Consultation Process to develop programmatic focus: (k)
As a benchmark, the fact-finding surveys were submitted to the Members through the PRs, DPM focal points and working groups for completion. These included:
Cg–XV Rep. 3.9, APPENDIX, p. 2
Country-level DPM survey – To map relevant hazards, role of NMHSs in national plans and structures, their capacities, gaps and needs and priorities to support disaster risk reduction. 139 Members contributed to the survey. A report of this analysis is being finalized and an electronic database has been developed with statistical capacities for direct utilization by WMO Programmes for projects planning and monitoring;
Regional-level DPM Survey - To map relevant hazard with trans-boundary impacts, capabilities, needs and opportunities at regional level. Survey was coordinated by the chairpersons of the WMO Regional Associations’ Working Groups on DPM (RA WG DPM) and the results will be incorporated in the RA strategic plans;
Programme Department-level and Technical Commission DPM Surveys – To map all DPM-related projects and activities of WMO Programmes and technical commissions. Both surveys were launched in parallel and were coordinated jointly by DPM focal points of Programme Departments and technical commissions. Projects and activities were identified and compiled in a “WMO DPM Programme Project Compendium”, which is being reviewed and updated and used for identification of synergistic projects;
Regional disaster prevention and mitigation events were facilitated during the RA III (Lima, Peru) and RA I (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso) sessions, to foster partnerships and collaborations for development of concrete projects;
Consultations were held with a number of international partners including the World Bank, UNDP, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC), Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and several other partners, to identify concrete areas of collaboration (see paragraph 7 of this Report);
The Secretariat convened the DPM focal points of all technical commissions and Programme Departments, Chairpersons of Regional Associations’ Working Groups on DPM, and selected partners, for the First WMO DPM Coordination Meeting (on 46 December 2006 at the WMO Headquarters), chaired by Dr Carlos Costa, Chairman of the RA IV Working Group on DPM and PR of Colombia. The meeting: (i) provided further inputs into the results of the surveys; and (ii) reviewed the “DPM Programme Project Compendium” and identified a number of projects that are synergistic and present opportunities for inter-programme and inter-commission collaborations and coordination, as input to the Second Meeting of the EC–AG DPM.
WORLD CONFERENCE ON DISASTER REDUCTION (WCDR) AND HYOGO FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION: 2005 – 2015 (HFA), AND OTHER MAJOR EVENTS 2.
WMO proactively participated in or convened the following international events:
WCDR - WMO participated in all aspects and outcomes and Members were informed through circular letters. WMO participated in the drafting of HFA, prior to the conference and several PRs participated in the final negotiations of the draft to ensure that the role and contributions of WMO and NMHSs are reflected. HFA represents a set of outcomes and results that must be achieved if disaster risks are to be reduced. HFA can be obtained at http://www.unisdr.org/eng/hfa/hfa.htm. The Five Priorities for Action in HFA are: (i)
Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation;
Cg–XV Rep. 3.9, APPENDIX, p. 3
Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warnings;
Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels;
Reduce the underlying risk factors;
Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels;
Third International Early Warning Conference (27-29 March 2006; Bonn, Germany), where the coordinated network of NMHSs involving GOS, GTS, and GDPFS was identified as an effective global mechanism in support of early warning systems. The conference presented 12 exemplary projects among which five were submitted by WMO. The ISDR Secretariat through Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning (PPEW) is following up with resource mobilization efforts for these projects. Members were informed through circular letters that more information is available at http://www.wmo.int/disasters/ewc3/index.htm;
WMO convened the Multi-Agency Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management (May 25-26, 2006, Geneva, Switzerland), which was sponsored by six other agencies including the ISDR Secretariat, World Bank, UNDP, IFRC, OCHA, and UNESCO and was participated in by 99 experts from 18 international and regional agencies. Challenges in different stages of early warning systems were identified. Potential areas of collaboration among agencies were discussed. Four national practices were identified and are being pursued by WMO and partners. WMO is working to initiate a multi-agency task team for facilitation and implementation of early warning system projects at national and regional levels. Members were informed through circular letters that more information is available at http://www.wmo.int/disasters/ews_symposium_2006/.
WMO PARTICIPATION IN RESTRUCTURING OF THE STRENGTHENED ISDR SYSTEM 3. In 2005 several countries requested a review of ISDR and its Secretariat to ensure effective and coordinated approach for the implementation of the disaster risk reduction at national to international levels. A restructured ISDR System will be proposed for consideration of the 62nd UN General Assembly in 2007. ISDR System involves: (i) A Management oversight Board (MOB) chaired by UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator in his role as the Head of ISDR System, which members are the heads of UNDG, WMO, World Bank, IFRC, UNEP, and OCHA; (ii) A Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR), meeting bi-annually; (iii) Several components such as Regional and Thematic Platforms, and a Scientific Advisory Committee; (iv) An Inter-Agency Secretariat. Details can be obtained at http://www.unisdr.org/eng/isdr-system/In-a-nutshell.htm. WMO through its SecretaryGeneral is a Member of MOB, and through the DPM Programme Office has participated in the developments of different components of this system. IDENTIFICATION AND PRIORITIZATION OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL CAPACITIES, GAPS AND REQUIREMENTS BASED ON COUNTRY- AND REGIONAL-LEVEL DPM SURVEYS 4. The analyses of country-level surveys revealed common gaps and requirements, including needs falling under the following areas: Governance: (a)
Understanding, at the ministerial level, of the benefits of NMHSs in support of national disaster risk reduction planning and related operations;
Cg–XV Rep. 3.9, APPENDIX, p. 4
Coordination and partnerships among NMHSs and other national agencies involved in disaster risk reduction;
Standardized hazard data products, metadata and methodologies for statistical analysis of hazard characteristics and mapping;
Strengthened capacities for hazard early detection and warning, and integration of warnings and other specialised forecasting services in support of emergency preparedness, response and relief operations;
Training and Public Outreach: (e)
Technical training and capacity development of NMHSs’ management and operational staff;
Multi-disciplinary training programmes targeted at strengthening operational linkages between NMHSs and other national agencies involved in disaster risk reduction;
Public outreach programmes.
The analysis of the country-level surveys are being documented in a report as well as compiled in an electronic database to facilitate this information to WMO Programmes, technical commissions and regional associations for the prioritization and development of focused projects targeted at Members’ gaps and needs. The report of the analysis is expected to be launched at the ISDR Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (5-7June 2007, Geneva, Switzerland). SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 2ND EXECUTIVE COUNCIL ADVISORY GROUP ON NATURAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION MEETING 5. Report of the Second Session of the EC AG DPM, can be accessed http://www.wmo.int/disasters/ecagdpm2/. A summary of the recommendations include: (a)
A proposed Vision Statement: "To enhance the contributions of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services, in a more cost-effective, systematic and sustainable manner, towards the protection of lives, livelihoods and property, through strengthening of capabilities and cooperation in the field of disaster risk reduction at national to international levels."
A proposed set of organization-wide strategic goals in disaster risk reduction derived from Priorities for Action of HFA, that should be reflected in WMO Strategic Plan 2008-2011 and Beyond to stress the area of disaster risk reduction as one of the high priorities of WMO and NMHSs. The proposed strategic goals include: Strategic Goal 1: Development, improvement and sustainability of early warning systems in particular related to scientific and technical infrastructures, systems and capabilities for research, observing, detecting, forecasting and warnings of weather-, water- and climate-related hazards;
Cg–XV Rep. 3.9, APPENDIX, p. 5
Strategic Goal 2: Development, improvement and sustainability of systems, methods and tools for recording, analyzing and providing hazard information for risk assessment, sectoral planning and other informed decision-making; Strategic Goal 3: Development and delivery of warnings, specialized forecasts and other products and services that are timely, understandable to those at risk and driven by requirements of disaster risk reduction decision processes and operations; Strategic Goal 4: Stimulate a culture of disaster preparedness through strengthening of capacities for better integration of NMHSs' products and services in disaster risk reduction, and public outreach campaigns; Strategic Goal 5: Strengthening cooperation and partnerships of WMO and NMHSs in national to international mechanisms and structures for implementation of disaster risk reduction; (c)
Need for improved organization-wide governance and operational mechanisms, along with more clear definitions of roles and responsibilities;
WMO budget should reflect the importance of crosscutting projects and disaster risk reduction. Furthermore, through a result-based work planning and budgeting process, activities, expertise and resources across WMO should be leveraged for delivery of enhanced benefits to the Members;
Need for a WMO-wide project management framework taking into consideration implications for projects that would require integrated planning and implementation;
Need for identification and implementation of concrete crosscutting DPM projects that: (i) are result-based driven; (ii) are prioritized based on needs and priorities of Members; (iii) ensure focused deliverables that are achievable in a timely fashion; (iv) leverage existing activities, expertise and resources of relevant Programmes, technical commissions, Members and external partner agencies; and (v) involve resource mobilization strategy to ensure that projects are properly funded;
Change the Programme name to WMO “Disaster Risk Reduction Programme,” to better reflect the scope of the Programme and its alignment with the international terminology and developments.
EXAMPLES OF DPM PROGRAMME NATIONAL AND REGIONAL PROJECTS 6. The Secretary-General has embarked on several national and regional projects under the DPM Integrated Capacity Development Work plan. (a)
Examples include: (i)
CBS Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project in Africa (SWFDP); Regions: RA I and at a later stage RA V; Lead Department: WWW; Contributing Departments: APP/PWS, APP/OCA, APP/TCP, Space, DPM, HWR, AREP, DCR, ETR;
Multi-Hazard Early Warning Demonstration Project – Shanghai; Region: RA II (China); Lead Department: AREP; Contributing: Departments: WWW/ERA, WCP, CER/CPA, APP/TCP, APP/MMOP, APP/PWS, DPM, Space, HWR, ETR;
Cg–XV Rep. 3.9, APPENDIX, p. 6
Multi-Hazard Early Warning Demonstration Project – France; Region: RA VI (France); Lead Department: DPM; Contributing Departments: WCP, WWW, AREP, HWR, APP/PWS, ETR;
Global Flash Flood Guidance System; Regions: RA IV, RA I, RA II; Lead Department: HWR; Contributing Department: DPM, WWW, ETR;
Drought Monitoring and Risk Assessment in Southeast Europe and Africa; Region: RA I, RA VI; Lead Department: WCP/AgM; Contributing Departments: HWR, APP/PWS, Space, DPM, ETR;
Coordinated Training Activities Related to the DPM Crosscutting Projects; Lead Department: APP/PWS; Contributing Departments: ETR and all technical Programmes engaged in the projects;
(vii) WMO Guidelines in Disaster Risk Reduction; Lead Department: APP/PWS; Contributing Departments: all technical Programmes; (b)
These crosscutting projects: (i)
Are overseen by the Secretariat’s Steering Committee on Disaster Reduction and implemented through crosscutting project task teams;
Are being developed within the result-based project approach with clear expected outcomes, deliverables and timelines;
Are being designed to be scalable and serve as a pilot for implementation in other regions;
Involve cross-programme coordinated planning and budgeting;
Will involve a resource-mobilization strategy for raising extrabudgetary funds.
STRENGTHENING STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION 7. The WMO Secretariat, through the collaborations of DPM and other Programme Departments, has established connection to several key UN and international agencies involved in disaster risk reduction. Potential strategic partners among the development, humanitarian, technical and funding agencies have been identified. Contacts were established at the level of the heads of organizations as well as with working-level focal points, and potential areas of collaboration are identified. A number of concrete partnership initiatives are underway. Examples include: (a)
ISDR Secretariat and UNDP (through the UN country teams) to link NMHSs to national and regional ISDR Platforms (coordination forums for implementation of HFA) to facilitate their partnerships with disaster risk reduction authorities and agencies and mainstreaming their services in national and regional disaster plans and operations;
World Bank and ISDR Secretariat on: (i) Modernization of NMHSs under the Bank’s Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), a newly established funding mechanism for disaster risk reduction projects at international, regional and national levels, with a major project in Southeast Europe, and other projects underway in Africa and the Middle East; (ii) development of standard methodology for socio-economic benefits of NMHSs in disaster risk reduction; (iii) incorporation of benefits of NMHS in the national
Cg–XV Rep. 3.9, APPENDIX, p. 7
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers being prepared in some countries to increase investments in NMHSs by governments, development and funding agencies; (c)
Global Risk Identification Programme (a joint initiative of UNDP, ProVention Consortium, IFRC and a number of bi-lateral donor agencies) to facilitate risk assessment projects at national and regional levels through fostering partnerships, enhancing hazard and disaster loss databases, and provision of risk assessment tools, methodologies and trainings. Primary focus of WMO and GRIP would be on enhancing risk assessment for floods and droughts and WMO (through Integrated Flood management and Drought monitoring and risk assessment initiatives) will lead GRIP activities. Through GRIP, WMO will have access to other experts and initiatives, training and funding opportunities;
UNESCO on: (i) enhancing flood forecasting through International Flood Initiative; (ii) public outreach programmes on weather-, water- and climate-related hazards targeted at schools; and (iii) with its IOC on development and strengthening of the tsunami early warning systems, particularly, related to telecommunication aspects of tsunami-related information on WMO Global Telecommunication System; as well as enhanced utilization of ocean observations in operational tropical cyclone and storm surge forecasting;
IFRC, UNICEF, OCHA, IASC and UNOSAT, projects for strengthening of NMHS capacities through delivery of early warnings, and specialized products and services targeted at humanitarian planning and response operations at the national to local levels are being considered;
GEO and its GEOSS through its “disaster benefit area” through multi-hazard early warning and hazard mapping, flood risk management related tasks.