THE KENTUCKY EDUCATION REFORM ACT

THE KENTUCKY EDUCATION REFORM ACT LEGISLATIVE RESEaRCH COMMISSION Sb1J:o Cllpitd I"r,ankfur!. t:!H1tIJdV 4l~1 SlNAfE MEMBERS ~~-alOO HOUSE MEMBE...
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THE KENTUCKY EDUCATION REFORM

ACT

LEGISLATIVE RESEaRCH COMMISSION Sb1J:o Cllpitd I"r,ankfur!. t:!H1tIJdV 4l~1

SlNAfE MEMBERS

~~-alOO

HOUSE MEMBERS

John A. ~Eck" lWst:!

Joe CI~Ikl!

Praidmt

HouseSpmer

O\arlfl!! W. 8e£ti'!!f '-idenl f'm 'lI!m

r...'"y Clark Spi!llW!r Pm Tem

David K. K:tttm MIJQdty FlDf)F Ll!>1der

Gre,gory O. Stumbo

John D. Rogers

TQITI Jenoon

IfIHAodty Floor Lmll!r

Minority FIODI' wder

NiI:k KafDglis

Jod), Richard..

~ty

Ou-leW! Chair

Maionl)'"

TamBufol'd &I:inoriI:y CaucWi Chair

cr~1!

Noland Minority Ci!.ucw; Chair

MiljOrity HOOf wder

CaU~1I

m:d lima ley

Kenny IQIpier

MIJlltity Whip

Majority Whip

Chutie Son;t;:!'s MlNlrlty Whip

Danny Ford Minority Whip

VII:

H~l!ilrrl,

1r.

Di~lor

PrilflM wit/; J!LIiIlllIhl>! ,"~

Stm~

FJ[:lillU

~ltOl'/1'llTUIIr jnnMis N/'U"f

""l"t$l

Cltab

THE KENTUCKY EDUCATION REFORM ACT 1994

EcI~tioo

PIW'ARED BY: ETHEL ALSTON aONNIE BRINlY PAT MCGUIRE·COCHRElL SANDRA DEATON

DONNAHA,LL PENNY ROBBINS LAYOUT AND DESIGN BY: TERRY SEBASTIAN For more information call the toll-free education hot t.inl!!: t ·800.142·0520

LEG[S[.ATiVE RESEJ\Il.C1"1 COMMISSION

FRANKFORT, KENTUCt\y OCTOflIR. 1994

,

'"

FOR.EWORD

"

CURRICULUM GOVfRN/lNCE flNJINCE

17 II 27

SL'PREME COURT OF KENTUOG:maral As.sembly Md fhlled to p.rovide 1Ul Eft'icjent sy&tGm ofOO-iDJlIODsclloo]s; and t.h1lt the qatem'of' scllool firumdng ","as illeffici&rii. in':tbe ~D15ijtu;ti.Qu.al ~ il.Dd'd1s!:rill1inatory. In'hi$ fic.al j~nt. Jud,re Corns alaorul&d f.h.A~Jhe Governotbtul B. r=clll&titutionai duLy to mak& 9WropJ'!aWtecumroellda.t.:io;b~ 'the OiDaralAli8E!mbty ml11lt dSriii~ Q i1i;i~' fundiui ISygtmn, 811d;thfl.t tb.-e COurt:sees "no- viabkP ulwri:uJ.tive"' for additional new fundi OXbEIpt thro\:ieb MW .~ On appeal, tba Kenrncky Supremi- Court iN1U!d an Qpinioo in Ju~ 1989t wbit:b h.eld that the eyatem of common smools in

Tem of

R1!nhn:!k;y 'WIll Wl~, The high 00UJ"t. .!I,aid tJ:w. eAQIltiul. aud mtnifnaI. dtl!1l'8eterl&o tlc3 -of a.n~f&Umt ly.st&n:Of tommOA ~ls include:

6

Historic Background a Ita Mb.bUahmlmt.. -mten.aoce .nd fondiDc are the .ollt r61poMibilily or tJnt ~ltn.u",. a

It bo fne to all.

o It "- IUbataa.tiIlUy unlfOl'ln throuchout th. ltate.

a

11 P"I'rid- equlll edoamanal kQludi:y c:hiJdren .

opJIOrtunl~

a It w-coOQltored by th~ Ofttft'al Nsembl,. to ~ b DO . . . .t o.

to an

aNUn!

nordupliattlon. no m~,,-nl .

aDd no polit.ieal innuenoe.

a &hoot. are opornted under the premise that an adequate echxntlon u ... coru.titutiooal richL a Sul1iciont IUDdinc provide. each dilld an Adequaw educnLion. Q Aa

.--ruat.e educ.t1oa-u.

ddln.ed all (NUl

wb.k:b

de.eaop. cbe foIJawiac...-.a elipadtit!lt: C()fUlIllillicalion s k il ls 11"-':"::;"""1)' 10 f UIl';lion in a compiex. c hangi n g dvili7..lllion. Kno.... l.....Jg..: 1mm; ..... , Cumeoh, ...

._in_

..,..mor.

'"_ ........ u d FIn""",.

'l'I>o Tuk F _ ond !to o:ommi_ _ ", ..Iy utilUtd

,""".lton"" OIftr "'0>


I Historic Back\7Ol1ld I 'I'bo> 'l'a>k F.... odopted It. ron.1 "'P'''' on MATch 7, 1000. Tho Gut, ,.l Aooombl, l..-l,'>hip o"d "'" ;.;ntl> 0 pl , ~ for fo"""" tho od"""ti .. .,..,.m.

Goo."""

"",loped

Tho 0iIl .1>0 In""""""ted a """,,,uo iauuoo. If..,. lIill ~.o u . ppro',ed by tho 1_ o...oral

..

w.n-

_ b l y o n0< .... ;"wJuly 13, 1900. Th"., Ken· ,O

OVerview

onl.Uc:k;y .... 0>ool ...",..H••• d. ol ...s"".",.. oM d _..... ...mn.t..... ,no! o-f.etuclontli. (KBS lIi8.6451l Board for and (state board) adopted f!Ouncl]'l!

tudent aeademl~ ~. Tile aC;udent a
until thI! dlal:rle&1i perfomlllnrcft impfl)'ll'.... oms lJS.8.8Il5)

lII!!n'i'I

III

PROfl!S!llONAL DE.VELOPMENT

Provisions PRIMARY PROGRAM

The primary Pl'tllP'am ill that part of mlll1~ to advanca

to thfl :&:III.1rth ifII;dll. T!:u! attribillall of tIlo ptimlll:lll'QliTlI.m includll
CllUl3 silm limitathme de> not Ilpply to "",.oIa! mWlie, find physical SdUCJltlll1l claslO!!. a..qu""ta iW aamptlan!j. mi:lJ' be gnmtOO by the !J.tIite ool!ml, AGE OF COMPUlSORY ATIENDI\NCE

T!:u! General AAlllmbly directed the Comll:l:i&i!;iDllef W

Edueatiml to II ftIl;lI)lIlrIImldlltiOIl prior til the 1992 Sll-Jllioll !About rai.llillll' the mmpulmry school "ttew:lanllil Ige to 18, The Commilmiollef recommelldl!d thlllt the liIgll' be railOO trom 16 til ;U;I, but the Oeneral A.ei!;emb1r took DO actioll. CKRS 1611'.1:1'10)

20

dirod",j

the: ~tlI'" u.jaril

to """iillw

EdllglciWllIppoint &l'IMI Resinldu ~la,g, made up or Ii'teJuI~11J,r1l, 1,1.1 r"_~1JGAIi WI jII!~ to 1I11!:!!" penOnDlln"... baiII!IJ .l:tlIdw;,· lion RoqllirelllllJlI.!iI, Tholltuto boa,rd, Witlilho (:01l0d100

!J1IIi'

EXTENDED SCHOOL SEIVICfS

FAMilY lusouaa aNTEIl!> ANO 'tOUTH SmVICES CENTERS

ProvisITis

STATE aoARD FOR !lEM!P'lTARV

~N[)

SfCON[)ARV

[[)UCATION

SuI'ERJN"HNmNT Of PUlI-llC

IN5T ~UClION

Tho Suporln...,don, of Public Ins\roe>ion .... tho d u. f " . .. od-" ofli«. 00111 tiAa

~tee

prllvidll!i 1111 amount llI1unl t;a

the SEEK !fUlliranmed allJDu.o.t per pupil received in 1991-

92.. 111

Provisions

A mitlimum IlY'tIlIl ofJooal support; Ell required, Ill!l

10110;0;

• The looal "qui1illl~t tax ram Ii! SO CGIl!tII per $100 all-

lill!lllled VAiautiOD of llmparly and zmriior vehietllill! in tha di!itriet;. r permiuIw t.II.t ~ for genet.l lIcl:Iool purPlliI'I(ll!. eRRS 16(1A70, UlIl.59ll • 160.597, 160.605 • 1611.1'111, 160.6la UlUl1, 160.621100.633) • Utilities subject: til tlwttiOIl by !ll:blJOl ~ induee cable ~IQn. If It utilities t.II.t WIt8 levied prior to July 1S, 1990, the sdJool tlli!t:rict had to give notiC!EI and brud a heRring ill
'~''''''''IJM

J,t,NU,.., \,

I'"~

CII_D~_"""'

"

&IIII1.lm1!S the duti!i!l 166,~4;7fit 19U~, 166.148)

31, 1900. and

on Jatll.laty I, 1991.

(KRS

TM lltate boud estabThlbea op.amtio....ll!ltmdlU"lla fur lIdlool di8t1:ida, to be dliime Jub' 1, 1991. (KRS 158.995. JUNE 30, 199t

Alll'ImpltlJ'lWlllt pgaitlQIliI in tho Department of Edueatil)lt IIIxIliahlld. (KRS 156.0113) Each 10ml OOanlllllbmittl to tho ~ smta !idlooloffieer 11m name of at kiue wi!; l!Il!:bool that will impb:mont Ilclmrol·bued d.ooiii.on makiq in th!!ll991·9211Choo1 )'IlOl'. (KRS 160..945) L:!ilal Albwldi!t.rids dlW!!IIGpmiti.ol~ furiamilyl'UGIlI'ClI ..otani ud. :yGuth 1I!!Ir\'i.cea conters. (KRS 166.411'17) lUll

Family 1'I!Souree el[!1li:8n and yauth IIat'V:lcm c:eui:8l"lilllnl . . tabWlhed at lBut ooe-fDUrtb of the eligible aehooll, with .~ pIm&1.cR b1 OliHOurihby JIlll6 SO III ea.d:Lmooeeding yeOI'. (KRS

m

11113.4m'l')

S~, Impler!ll!mU\tioo hal! been e=i:8llded bual.ll!e the DttmW of QU~ IIIlboalli _ei!S tho orili;imll estimlitall.

JULY 1,1991

'l'heo DIlpartmell.t orEdueatJoo ia ~Dizai. (KRS 11l6J116) No fGlaUve: .n a auperintmldeut Qf IIChooIIl IlllIY be on em· p1f1Yoo of tho IIIehaol dlatrkt: e;lI£)ejltioUIi. ums 160 aSO) "I'M Ktmtw*y D~ Edueatem progn;m iI; imple. ~,

(KRS 158.182) The Education ProfluiOMl Stoodm:da HOltI'd ~pttllldmm· ietruti'lllJ regulatioM ~tinr a loot.l diatrid aitornattm train· ing program lilt memenUlty aool ttiacl:ill"ll. (KRS 161..(148) All pri.ll.llipala hired prior to July 18, 1900 c:mplst& the ~ ~ te&iib:ir c:ommiitee t:I'I!inlng ~gnun by In:iy 1, 1001. Tb.i!! ~op-am II; a TeqUirer!ll!mt fur IIIl prinmpwil IWud i!.Ilu

Jul$13, 1900.

oms 166.1(0)

1991-42 SCHOOL "fEd

Qneachol:;l in eaclilldlool dil'~parti.tainBcl!.oo1-bued dllciiioo makin,. Dl.strietll with only one I!clmol are exempt.

urns 160.845) 36

l:!f.!if §

~-f'

~"'~: ~:

11-i~

il-" _ ~. f. .e.- !O~ ~. f~

0

iE~ 1?f~'"~ &'.~ __ ~ .. ~!i~ t· 1"!! '~r, ~~~·f~ ·r

~

~ ~I

~

_

::1"

0

_

0.

~-[l .. jft ~ i

0

.. Ii[~

,

£-



11" . ~

'I ,

~,"':[ el~. ~ ~

Mi~"! §:
t.,. ",...uri", . .. I""'"" . ;"'_ &1>001> Iho., _ _ tho;" tru. oh_ old"" ;"'pm. .moo' ...,.; • • 1..".....;01 .....am. ..d _ _ If "", ..bo .. doddo hoo. th""" fund • ..-;ll boo . _ ,. A. &boo! . _

.. d . .. "",;,,,,,,

"',......", , .. , • ' ... 0- yo." ""ri 00.

Q.

wh., h.".,..,. '0 "hDO/O ,h., do no' ;mp.... '

"""" 'piu..

'"V... lbo_ 'mz If. odtooI'I _ _ "'C •• f . _ f u l _ 1 0 docliuo by fWeporco~t..ill IIo " lorO",,- reIMtion, diom ....1 at tr.llIf" of",,_1. 91.-.0. or, .lkh;d ............ from _ io ia. ,',tt • .u. d'.,.,..... 7

Iho ocbooIla ..... to •

:::,:.~,,~:,:,:.I~.:':'_: 00,,'~~~':':':':":O='"

of Edueatloo to develop !trntegiell !:o auist e\~~t~~:~~l with the implam;mtatlou (If ed'll~tion r&fQrm

Q" What ill ,chonl.bli!!ll!d dfd,~on IMkinll'

By JaUllllry I, 191U fl'lcil I~ I oollrd, elll!lIIpted, adopted 8 policy for ldlooi"bl!Lll!ld decision making. Each participating acliool ibrms a ccmucil00mpoaeil (ill'll,

and the principal or IIdminli>trator.

The (:Otrocii adopt!! polici£!l!l relating to instruftiill'iBllMierial$,

lIt1J.dent llUpport ll(i!m1;:lls. pOl'!!ollllel tlllIllignmente, olJrrlcul'llm, g. trncurrleulu prog!"lllllll, trod otoor aspern of aclioolmeua(e'Ct1ent The prioclpal is tOO instrild:illilal lellder etf una wll'JJ tbe Ill!ll!listalllOlJl of thll toW ~cbOlJl1 sUUI;. sd m, n'ef.ars !:hE! polieles e>rt.l;bliBhlild by IiIchQol t:ouncii and Ul(llooollxJnni. Q. May .choDI "DUll",1s add siUell!'lI1J or dllHified I!mlllo~r:e membe..,l A. Schools may apply ta the state boom to hllva an rul
Wh~t arl[!: Youth Sel"l'ices Ctlltel'5~

A. Y()uthl!enl:l;tt'l!l.cent.mi am beiolllllitllbliGeclino[ .Ilsarmiddle

lina high 8cl:loolll where at loallt 2(1'JE, of thl! amdE!llts qualiIy fur fL"IIIlral Me lUW!h PrQgrnm. ""utaI'>! provide )'l"ajp'iitma and mlike NI~ to Hl'llico ageucJl!:lIlo ~t lrtudii!l:lU IUld ralU i, li~ iu need. The pu:tj)C'IIiO l.!lto 1; !;tltdii!llt's Ilbility ta sue-

in Rhool,

Q. Wmt will be dOlle

to bring tllthflll10gy inlo Kl!!l'Ilm:ky schoolsf

A Tile O~Hleil for EtlllCncion Thchnology W liS e.~tnblilll~d lO the .lltate beard and to dl;!V
Q. Wml Is the: primary l(hIlO\ PfOIflimt A Tbe prim!!!,), progrllm that part or eleml3ntary ethool frQm ths OOj:1n.nirnr (If Bcllool until tht! IIb;"l!lnt mmpJetlll!l the requireIILeDtII to llidvancl! ttl tbe fbwth crl!de. The cril:iClllsttributcl! "f ths primary proftlllm mclud!!: dl!Vf!.iopmlmtlllly 1lJ)]lII'(lpriate "tioGal prnctiOl!l, IDllJtiabiUty otru!:ltroomtl; ~!)ntlDu· ~lJI progrm!!~; lIuth!!llti" _mente: 'lm'liitlttivl(! n!pOrt:Ing methods: prof;""!I$([' oompl"tl3 " lle,,- traif.lillg and e\'ah.I+I'

Q, " .... , , .. '"~ ..... 01..-1;'1 , .. ...,oUnd JIO' ,"",,10..

. bI, _ ...... " "' ...... . ...,;.., b all nolo . _ II .............. obrt>qh • p _ of ~ ibo ..... of-.w..- -'-b . ... -"-I_....w.. """ ..I- .. of .....MI. """ dH!;n~_.,.... ~~...... .... ,~ aato.wldo _ . oIao1, _ . Tho 0IIIc0 of F",,_

.,

!.ion ,,",-nt>bHi,y it

''''It'''I witb InIlJrint

~,. oqui!,

.00

,,"",,'000I d;,(fid 'oquHod 10 , • ...,1

A. Tho ..I.. of ... ope'" in • d;.,,;..;. tho bul. fo< 10o _

0 d;,trit Appeals ruled thaL tho EdU4:8.t10D R ""ertl1rn utility tll'!t im~ by IICbonl boardl!. Tho rul· illffirDls right to petition for the Nt!lll of oc>::upaand f!xci&e tallell whieb 4:8.Il be ](.'Viad by st::bool 011 FebI'IlIU')' Hll'pkinl! C'ounty Board Educiltiol:t vlm~ro Crxbl
Jolin

BtJ!!ph«IW'1!,

Superintendent of Pub~ir: lmurm::t/CI'1:I, ["

B""",ttm JtJ1U!l>, Thoml!JJl BOjiStn, JfNi PmUUlr; mui ,he Ohio \&U", EdJ~l'tljU:tmal C~rmir,tS

Subjed; Chl!llle.np 1:0 EducntiaJl Rerorm Act pl'ml'Uiiolis rtducing thedtnll!:ll Alary oitbll SUperintendent ofPuhlic In~ulJe,

non,

StaJ.w;:: W!!UI diam~ by the Cireuit Court Oil April 26, 1002, StepMn!lOll filed II NoUC14:! of ApPillll on Mill' 22, 1992, Till!! _ 'l/i'i'm dililmilllllld III! moot by the Cantt of App!'IlIl; on Aprill:!.

CirC'llit Coort Bf;lrlUl a.nd B",k",

~,

X011y

Civil ActJon Ill.cM)()S14 Fnmldin Circuit Court;, Div[lIioo n (Graham)

Date Original Action Piled: June '26, 1991

Sub,foct; The GQlllltitLltloll!dity ofKRS USO,aso(2)(e}, prohihits employmillltl/lith thelicllool dlatrid ofre1I1U_oftha school lrnperilll:onr:lent,

StaJ.rw: On May

1992, thl!; _

BurkEJII hltd fllillid to submit

WII! dismia,aed

bel:;nUl!1!

evidentle in IIlJllllort of tbeir caS(!,

Campbell COI".!IIt,)i Boo:rd a( Edr.ea.litiil Ii, City of Richland M.a, and SlIUll!r Ccmm!giJ:m

llewl;t,~

Nt!,91,(::A,·1:8Ii:!

Appeel from Climpbllll Cin:u it (KDpowsld) D;lIte Orij!il'loi Action Filed: D!le!Imber, 1900

SalVed: Ability oflooal ..d,,;;()! diltri.::b; to raiJm tmtea ott E!!l'ty and I.ItiliU{\I! tll n cel'tllill Il!!Vel without II vater :referendlllll,

St(JlW, On May lI8, 1991, Judge Kopowaki atmclt down a utiltal! llW)' impollChool atudl!nti'L Statrt>t: On June :24. 1991, Jud,lll1l Albro entered 111 tempC£/Il'y

in,j,lllC!tian n;quiring ths C()mmollwoolth to providll BII mmer scno
~.,

!'I.. 1t1-C, -022II

' _CimIiIc...... _

3,_)

Dolo 0..;:0'_ F\W; .1&.0...,.12. l!l!l.

.ho,l-_ ..

s.4it; Sen, Hillen GlrrllM; Sundy Gtlb~i!1", Special A~~i!.1,1111 10 the G(l\lerlm: M~.r HiLCkI:Jart, Elurl-g
K"""n"

MeAn!!II)', CI1I,,1 or Staff; MichiLel MQ!anIlY: Roser NOll; Rep. "",nl'l\, Rep. j(Jdy Ricl1arrh; Rep, 5rrong: Greg Stumbo: loan T~ylQr, Uai1'(l1l; Ri· Taylor, E'L'Ci.lli~E! Cablnel Secreta,\,; LROf.lCfS Wells Finane", Administration Rep. vVorthingtoll ilnd

] john Ke_'in Noland, Varland. Rll.5 Supported by: Kim Penny Roob[n" Diana Hill, Gilil !>oyd, I\dell KL'rr1r>er Sm!lh

Index)

"

~- I

"J

"I.d . 1j. 1

~

.. ,.. ,''" I'

, ,

!

~~

'

>

,,_

I:(~.

!., 1

·f 13 j' !il·'1 i ; 1 , 'I 'lh I,,! I" 1111j,HLu j!iijuh 11"" f'

, 'i. !I,! 1 11, !I" 1; )' "' 1 jIll.hll" jl. -j.','

01" ~ ~

N

-

'II!']!" if" l;,jl, IhlilHIl!, II!J,llllfh!i

.....

_...



,

" . ,! " ......

~~ ,.+,

,-

"'~",

"'-.:7""Cc..;r"

_ .... . - ',--",,_

," , Z , .

...

~.

_

"

7

... ~ '

C

.......

5, _ _ "

Q ..... . ... -



.~"

"'"",........" v"' ...... _ •".,.

"