Health Grade 5 Unit 3 Course: Health
Grade(s): Fifth Grade
Unit 3: Structure and Function of the Human Body Systems I Can… Identify basic body systems and their functions Identify physical, mental, social, and cultural factors affecting growth and development of children Identify stages in growth and development
Time Frame: 6 – 30 minute lessons
STATE STANDARDS: 23.A.2 Identify basic body systems and their functions (circulatory, respiratory, nervous) 23.C.2a Identify physical, mental, social, and cultural factors affecting growth and development of children (nutrition, self-esteem, family, and illness) 23.C.2b Identify stages in growth and development (stages in the life cycle from infancy to old age) Lesson 1: Bones, Muscles and Joints (3-30 CONTENT: minute lessons) http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/bodybas ics/immune.html ® **Lesson 1 provided by KidsHealth , one of The Big Story on Bones the largest resources online for medically KidsHealth.org/kid/body/bones_noSW.html reviewed health information written for parents, kids, and teens. For more articles like The Facts About Broken Bones this, visit KidsHealth.org or TeensHealth.org. KidsHealth.org/kid/ill_injure/aches/broken_bones.h tml © 1995- 2012 . The Nemours Foundation/KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Your Multitalented Muscles KidsHealth.org/kid/body/muscles_noSW.html Learner Outcomes Strains and Sprains Are a Pain Part One: KidsHealth.org/kid/ill_injure/aches/strains_sprains Students will learn how bones, muscles and .html joints work together to move the body. 1. What are bones? What jobs do bones do? Part Two: Can you name some of the bones you have Students will learn about the materials that in your body? Where can you find them? make up bone and label a cross section of 2. Bones are so hard! It would be easier for bone. people to move around without them. Do you agree or disagree? Why? 3. What’s a joint? Where do you have joints in your body? How do joints move? What would happen if you didn’t have joints? 4. You’ve got more than 600 muscles in your body, but what can they do? Where can you find muscles in your body? Are all of the muscles in your body alike? Why or why not? 5. Ouch! Have you ever broken a bone? How about strained or sprained a muscle? Tell Grade 5 Unit 3 Health July/2012 Springfield Public Schools
Health Grade 5 Unit 3 Lesson 1: Bones, Muscles and Joints (3-30 minute lessons) (continued)
the story of what happened. How did you get better? 6. Your bones, muscles, and joints keep you moving and grooving. How can you take care of each of these important body parts? ASSESSMENT: “You just kicked the game-winning goal, Mr. Knee Joint! How do you feel?” “Great. But you know, I couldn’t have done it without my bones, cartilage, muscles, ligaments, and tendons . . .” As the radio announcer for Body Parts Sports Network, you’ve seen a lot of great sports moments, but that goal kicked by number 44, Knee Joint, was on of the most exciting! It was so exciting, in fact, that you want to record the play-by-play commentary describing how the parts of the knee joint collaborated to make the game-winning goal. Include the following information: The names of the bones that meet at the knee joint; The jobs of all the parts of the knee (bones, cartilage, muscles, ligaments, and tendons); and How these parts worked together to move the leg and kick the goal.
Lesson 2: Respiratory System
Extension: 1 The skeletal muscles in Mr. Knee Joint’s leg aren’t the only muscles working hard to help his body run smoothly. Select a different type of muscle in the human body; either muscle or cardiac muscle, and design a sports award that acknowledges the work these muscles do to help us play hard! Content: http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/bones.html
(Lesson 2 provided by KidsHealth®, one of Materials: the largest resources online for medically Computer with Internet access. reviewed health information written for Pencils parents, kids, and teens. For more articles like Take a Breath! Game Board handout (See this, visit KidsHealth.org or TeensHealth.org. appendix) © 1995- 2012 . The Nemours ® Take a Breath! Breath Cards handout (See Foundation/KidsHealth . All rights reserved. appendix) A 6-faced die Learner Outcomes: Students will identify and explain the different body parts that make up the respiratory
Grade 5 Unit 3 Health July/2012 Springfield Public Schools
Health Grade 5 Unit 3 Lesson 2: Respiratory System (continued) system. Demonstrate knowledge of the respiratory paths that oxygen and carbon dioxide take during inhalation and exhalation.
It’s time to play Take a Breath! But first, your group of 2 to 4 has to get the game ready by creating a set of Breath Cards. Check out the articles on KidsHealth to learn about the parts of the respiratory system that help you inhale and exhale, including your lungs, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, capillaries, diaphragm, and rib cage. Create a set of Breath Cards with a question about the respiratory system (there should be 20 questions per game) on the front of each card. Be sure to include the answers on the back! (For example: What keeps mucus and dirt out of your lungs? Answer: Cilia.) When all the Breath Cards are ready, place them (answer-side down!) next to the game board and play Take a Breath!
Assessment: Quiz on Bones, Muscles, and Joints (see appendix for quiz and answers) Lesson 3: Respiratory System: Content: http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/RSmovie.html Learner Outcomes: The tubes fizzing. Bunsen burners heating mysterious liquids. Electricity sizzling along Students will describe the respiratory system, wires. You’ve just entered the laboratory of the including all the body parts associated with mad scientist, Dr. Build-A-Bone! Dr. Build-Ainhaling and exhaling. Bone has dedicated his life to discovering what mysterious substances are in bones, and ® to developing a process for growing new bone. (Lesson 3 provided by KidsHealth , one of For years scientists have been searching for his the largest resources online for medically laboratory – now you are the lucky one who reviewed health information written for parents, kids, and teens. For more articles like has found it! But you don’t have much time to this, visit KidsHealth.org or TeensHealth.org. look around, because the mad doctor will soon return. You grab some documents and make a © 1995- 2012 . The Nemours ® Foundation/KidsHealth . All rights reserved. quick getaway. Once home, though, you discover that Dr. Build-A-Bone’s papers are incomplete and some of the information is missing (see the Dr. Build-A-Bone appendix). Use the articles at KidsHealth to help you fill in the blanks. Take a deep breath, feel your chest get slightly bigger, and exhale You’ve just experienced your body’s respiratory system in action! The following discussion questions and activities will help your students understand the parts of the respiratory system and their functions. 1. What is breathing? Why is it important for your body? 2. What are the body parts that help you breathe? Describe the role each part plays in helping your respiratory system Grade 5 Unit 3 Health July/2012 Springfield Public Schools
Health Grade 5 Unit 3 Lesson 3: Respiratory System: (continued)
do its job. 3. What can affect how well the respiratory system works? What can you do to keep your respiratory system healthy? Respiratory Relay Toss Materials: Computer with Internet access. Beanbag or rubber ball Respiratory Relay Card (See Appendix)
Lesson Four: The Immune System
Learner Outcomes: Part one: Students will learn about the parts of the immune system and how they function.
In a group of 5, sit in a circle on the floor or at a table. Shuffle the Respiratory Relay Cards, and deal one to each person in your group. Going around the circle have each person read the card ad describe where that body part fits into the respiratory system. (Check out KidsHealth for information on how the respiratory system and your lungs work. You can make notes on the back of the card.) Then toss the beanbag or ball from person to person to match the order that oxygen would travel inside your body after you take a deep breath (starting with the trachea, or windpipe). As each person gets the beanbag, he or she needs to say the body part on his or her card and the body part that comes next. Do this a couple of times, then reshuffle, deal, and practice again. What happens to the order of the toss if you are exhaling? After you’ve practiced, the teacher will monitor the lights: Lights on means inhaling, lights off means exhaling. Can your group keep your beanbag or ball in the air, in the right order, for one minute? How many “breaths,” inhaling and exhaling does your group take in one minute? Content: http://kidshealth.org/kid/word/w/word_whit e_blood_ell.html http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/body/b ody_basocs/immune.html
1. What does the immune system do? Why is (Lesson 4 provided by KidsHealth®, one of this job so important? the largest resources online for medically 2. What parts of the body make up the reviewed health information written for immune system? How do these parts help parents, kids, and teens. For more articles like to keep us healthy? Why are all of these this, visit KidsHealth.org or TeensHealth.org. parts called a system? © 1995- 2012 . The Nemours 3. What are germs? What do germs do? Where Foundation/KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. are germs found? Discuss how germs are spread and what you can do to stop them. Part two: 4. Keeping you healthy is a big job, so don’t Students will learn about the role of white blood
Grade 5 Unit 3 Health July/2012 Springfield Public Schools
Health Grade 5 Unit 3 cells in the immune system. Lesson Four: The Immune System (continued)
make your immune system work overtime! What can you do to help your immune system keep you healthy? How do these things keep away illnesses? 5. Have your glands on the sides of your neck ever felt swollen? If so, describe how you were feeling at the time. What are those glands? Do you know why they were swollen? Shhh. OK, it looks like the coast is clear. ATTACK! You and some of your closest germ friends have just invaded a person’s body. You’re well on your way to causing a serious infection, but you run into a roadblock. The person’s immune system is fighting back! Your mission is suddenly at risk of failure! You need to use your radio to call Germ Headquarters and inform them of the situation. Using information in the articles at KidsHealth, write a dialogue back and forth between the invading germs and Germ Headquarters. In the dialogue, describe how the person’s immune system is trying to stop the germs from causing an infection. Include the following terms in your dialogue: white blood cells, spleen, bone marrow, lymph, and lymph nodes. Sniffle, sniffle. Cough. Sounds like you’re coming down with something. Well, your germ-fighting white blood cells will make you feel better fast. Uh-oh. You have a problem. You just received an urgent message from your spleen that you’re short on white blood cells! You’d better put a help wanted ad in the local paper to get some – and fast! Take a look at some ads from the newspaper or the Internet to get some ideas about what you should say in your ad. Then check out the articles on KidsHealth to find out about white bold cells. Now you’re ready to write an ad of your own. Include the following information. A job description (what white blood cell will have to do on the job) A list of qualifications (characteristics and skills that the white blood cell needs to have) The benefits of the job (what the white blood cell will get for doing its job well) Good luck in hiring some qualified white bold cells before you get sick! Grade 5 Unit 3 Health July/2012 Springfield Public Schools
Health Grade 5 Unit 3 Lesson Four: The Immune System (continued) Assessment: Help Wanted: Leukocytes (attached) Quiz (attached) Lesson Five: The Cardiovascular System
Quiz: Answer Key (attached) Content: http://www.livestrong.com/article/40153exercise-information-kids/
(Lesson 5 provided by KidsHealth®, one of the largest resources online for medically 1. The heart is an important part of the reviewed health information written for cardiovascular system. What can you do to parents, kids, and teens. For more articles like keep your heart healthy? What should you this, visit KidsHealth.org or TeensHealth.org. avoid doing? © 1995- 2012 . The Nemours 2. What can happen if the cardiovascular Foundation/KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. system becomes unhealthy? 3. Your heart is a muscle about the size of Learner Outcomes: your fist. Compare it to other muscles. Can Students will learn how the heart rate is you control it like you do the muscles in affected by physical activity. Students will your arms or legs? Can you exercise it like create a weekly exercise plan. you do other muscles? Why or why not? (This may be a lesson to ask the PE teacher to Pump It Up! conduct during PE class) Materials: Stop watch Jump ropes Stairs Space to run, walk, and jump rope Computers Heart Rate Data Table (See Appendix) In the first part of this activity, you will conduct several experiments to learn how your heart rate changes when you’re doing something. Record your findings on the Heart Rate Data Table and then answer a few questions. The handout contains five activities, each of which you’ll do for 30 seconds, 1 minute, and 3 minutes. After each time period, take your pulse and record that number in the chart. Assessment: Now it’s time to create a weekly exercise plan! You’ll have to do some research to find out not only how much but what kind of exercise is recommended to keep the cardiovascular system healthy. Also, use what you learned from your experiments to help create an exercise plan that you’ll be able to stick with. Plan what you will do for each day of the week and how long you will perform each activity. Grade 5 Unit 3 Health July/2012 Springfield Public Schools