Hanke Holztechnik & Hanke Bauforschung. Portfolio of Selected Works,

Hanke Holztechnik & Hanke Bauforschung Portfolio of Selected Works, 1992-2014 A Note on the Portfolio: The following chronologically arranged diagra...
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Hanke Holztechnik & Hanke Bauforschung Portfolio of Selected Works, 1992-2014

A Note on the Portfolio: The following chronologically arranged diagrams, texts and photographs are representative of my professional and academic work that commenced when I undertook an apprenticeship in a joiner’s workshop. This stint, which has happened more than 20 years ago and which lasted three years, was followed by studies at academic institutions in Germany, Ireland and the UK, earning me a bachelor degree in Architecture from the Fachhochschule Oldenburg, as well as postgraduate degrees in Conservation Studies and Architectural History from the University of Bamberg and the University of Edinburgh. Since then I have been building up a body of work that, I believe, is characterised by a profound analytical focus. It tries to marry the world of the practitioner with that of the scientist, alternating between the drawing office, the building site, the library and the archive. Holztechnik (Timber Technology) and Bauforschung (Building Archaeology) thus represent the two poles that define most of my professional work during the past two decades. It is concerned with the development and application of sophisticated spatial and technical solutions for ‘everyday’ design problems, and, on the other hand, an archaeological approach that tries to pin down the personality and value of spatial and structural objects, be it the fabric of extant buildings, fitments, settlements or landscapes. Background to my deep interest in the archaeology of items is my firm belief that good architecture always has to enter into a dialog with its surrounding, thus it follows that any designer is required to possess a sound knowledge of the quantities and qualities of space and objects. Archaeological data-gathering helps to achieve that premise. All of the depicted furniture was constructed in a workshop that was founded by my father some 40 years ago, and that is being managed by me since 2009. Some of the architectural projects emerged in the context of academic studies, others were commissioned by either private clients or architectural firms both in Germany and the UK. Most of the academic writing was done for Kirkdale Archaeology, an Edinburgh-based archaeological firm, with which I cooperate since 2006.

Art Gallery in Dublin, 1992 Project at the Dublin Institute of Technology, February 1992

Laubenhaus Zulawki, Polen, 1995 Laubenhaus Zulawki. Survey, historical analysis and assessment of the physical condition of a farmstead in the North of Poland, 1995

Laubenhaus Zulawki A project on the history and evolution of a farmstead in the North of Poland

Laubenhaus Zulawki, Polen, 1995 Laubenhaus Zulawki. Survey, historical analysis and assessment of the physical condition of a farmstead in the North of Poland, 1995

Pre-1803

Pre-1945

Post-1945

Condition of house and barn pre-1945, View from North

Zulawki (1995) Plan of village, scale 1:5000

Laubenhaus Zulawki, Polen, 1995 Laubenhaus Zulawki. Survey, historical analysis and assessment of the physical condition of a farmstead in the North of Poland, 1995

Laubenhaus Zulawki (1995) Plan of ground floor and first floor, section, isometry, scale 1:20

Timber stair, 1997 Design and detailing by Thorsten Hanke. Making by Thorsten Hanke in collaboration with Heinrich Hanke

Analysis of a medieval church in Hohen Pritz, 1998 Dorfkirche Hohen-Pritz. Survey, historical analysis and assessment of the physical condition in collaboration with T. Herzog and C. Weber

Showroom and workshop for a motorbike and car-retailer, 1998 Autohaus Lubzyk. Feasibility study and detailed proposal

Stair at Hövenstraße 17, 33818 Leopoldshöhe, 1998 Design and making by Thorsten Hanke and Heinrich Hanke, beechwood, 14 steps, 21,8 x 24,4 cm

Conservation scheme for a listed monument, 2001 Tropfhaus Sassanfahrt. Conservation scheme for the existing dwelling house and design of an adjacent structure

Die bauhistorische Bedeutung der Sassanfahrter Tropfhäuser Die ca. 20 km südlich von Bamberg gelegene oberfränkische Gemeinde Sassanfahrt wird kommunalpolitisch vom Markt Hirschaid verwaltet. Sie bildet eine eigenständige Dorfstruktur, die in vier Entwicklungsphasen im Verlauf der vergangenen 250 Jahre entstand. Als wesentlich für die Ortsentwicklung erwies sich die Peuplierungspolitik des Grafen Julius v. Soden (1754-1831), durch die sich die Anzahl der Sassanfahrter Haushalte in den Jahren zwischen 1784 und 1808 nahezu verzehnfachte. Julius v. Soden erwarb das Rittergut Sassanfahrt 1784 und übte dort als Vertreter der ‚gutsadeligen Mittelschicht’ die Dorf- und Gemeindeherrschaft aus. Der Ort bestand zu diesem Zeitpunkt aus „(...) zwei Hausstellen ohne landwirtschaftliche Erwerbsquellen“. Die Peuplierungspolitik, die faktisch zur wahllosen und massenhaften Ansiedlung kaum existenzfähiger Familien führte, wurde von Julius v. Soden philantropisch begründet. „Dem Dürftigen, Heimathlosen, wollte er eine friedliche Hütte, Spielraum für seinen Fleiß verschaffen, und ihn aus einem schädlichen Gliede der Gesellschaft zum arbeitsamen, nützlichen Staatsbürger umwandeln“. Als Standardbehausung der Sassanfahrter Neuansiedler ließ v. Soden zwischen 1791 und 1808 insgesamt 94 sogenannte Tropfhäuser errichten. Der Begriff ‚Tropfhaus’ spielt hierbei auf die Grundstücksgröße an. Dessen Aussengrenzen wurden durch den vom Dach hinabfallenden Wassertropfen definiert, die Tropfhäuser waren also mit keinerlei landwirtschaftlich nutzbarem Grundbesitz ausgestattet. Es handelte sich bei diesen äußerst bescheidenen Gebäuden um einstöckige, nicht unterkellerte, Anlagen von ca. 35 bis 50 m² Grundfläche, auf denen sich im Parterre zwei oder drei Stuben und unter dem Dach eine Kammer befand. Diese Gebäude waren zum Teil mit zwei oder mehr Familien belegt. Als einzig unverändert erhalten verbliebenes Sassanfahrter Tropfhaus liegt der Denkmalwert des Gebäudes Pfarrer-Hopfenmüller-Str. 7 in dessen Bedeutung als Dokument einer wichtigen Phase der Ortsgeschichte und in seiner volkskundlichen Bedeutung als Beispiel für die Lebensverhältnisse der Korbmacher, Maurer, Witwen, Glaser, Tagelöhner, Eisenbahnwärter, Korbhändler, Musikanten und Zinnlöter, die im frühen 19. Jahrhundert einen Großteil der Einwohnerschaft Sassanfahrts ausmachten.

Conservation scheme for a listed monument, 2001 Tropfhaus Sassanfahrt. Conservation scheme for the existing dwelling house and design of an adjacent structure

Sassanfahrt – Ortsentwicklung (Kartierung C. Reichert)

Sassanfahrt – Besitzgrößen (Kartierung C. Reichert)

Conservation scheme for a listed monument, 2001 Tropfhaus Sassanfahrt. Conservation scheme for the existing dwelling house and design of an adjacent structure

Tropfhaus Pfarrer-Hopfenmüller-Str. 7 Das Gebäude ist seit ca. 10 Jahren unbewohnt. Bedingt durch mangelnde Instandhaltung ist die Bausubstanz in Teilbereichen derartig geschädigt, dass eine Einsturzgefährdung vorliegt. Als wesentliche Schadensursache hat eindringende Niederschlagsfeuchtigkeit im nördlichen Traufbereich zum Verlust von Fußpfette, Sparrenfüßen und Dachdeckung geführt. Als unmittelbare Folge wurde die Aussenwand massiv durchfeuchtet und Frostschäden und Salzbelastung führten zu zahlreichen, z.T. zentimeterbreiten Rissen. Das Standsicherheitsproblem wird durch die mangelhafte Gebäudeaussteifung verschärft, da das Gebäude nur von einer Innenwand ausgesteift wird, und da auch bei der Holzbalkendecke nicht von einer Scheibe im statischen Sinn gesprochen werden kann. Die vorgeschlagenen Sanierungsmaßnahmen haben daher die Sicherung des aktuellen Zustandes zum Ziel. Da der Denkmalwert des Gebäudes sowohl in dessen unveränderter Struktur wie auch in dessen ‚Armseligkeit’ liegt, verbietet sich ausdrücklich eine Komfortsteigerung und die Maßnahmen werden im Sinne einer Gebäudekonservierung durchgeführt. Es bietet sich für das Gebäude insofern eine museale Nutzung an, wobei das Tropfhaus in seiner Raumstruktur nicht verändert wird. Die notwendigen Zusatzräume (Heizung, Elektro, WC, Büro) werden in einem Nebengebäude untergebracht, das südlich des Tropfhauses anstelle des bestehenden Schuppens errichtet wird.

Conservation scheme for a listed monument, 2001 Tropfhaus Sassanfahrt. Conservation scheme for the existing dwelling house and design of an adjacent structure

Gratzenhäusel Ratschings, 2002 Survey, historical analysis and photo-documentation ‘Gratzenhäusel’ Ratschings (Northern Italy, C16) Fig. 1: S-Elevation Fig. 2: View from SW Fig. 3: Plan of Ground Floor with localisation of significant findings

The Development of Roof Carpentry in South East Scotland until 1647, 2005 MPhil Thesis, University of Edinburgh A large number of historic roofs in both Continental North West Europe and England have been subjected to historical, technical and dendrochronological research. Knowledge on Scottish early roof carpentry, by contrast, relies on few individual studies mainly of the most flamboyant of Scotland’s extant historic roofs. This focus on a small number of outstanding examples has conveyed a distorted picture of early Scottish roof carpentry. Scotland indeed has only recently understood the particular nature of Scottish rafter single roofs (Ruddock, 1995), and hitherto has failed to acknowledge their actual ubiquity. Drawing on English, French, German, Dutch, and Italian literature as well as on extensive fieldwork, this thesis shows that pre-1647 Scotland developed a roof carpentry distinctively different from that of contemporary North West Europe. It argues that this native style reflects the individuality of Scotland’s historic architecture and is responding in a logical way to the structural problems posed by this buildings. This thesis not only offers a view on the highlights of Scottish roof carpentry, but also discusses relatively humble features. Rather than delving into isolated case studies, it draws a comprehensive picture depicting the general development of roof carpentry in feudal Scotland up to 1647. The study is divided into four parts. The first of these describes and analyses the prevalent currents of medieval roof carpentry in Scotland, England and Continental North West Europe. This sketch is followed by a discussion of the structural problems Scotland’s wrights had to solve, as well as by a consideration of the cultural issues of the time. The study further analyses the availability of material and knowledge, and discusses how this has effected the development of Scotland’s roof architecture. A systematically compiled catalogue finally lists all features belonging to the period under consideration and provides a framework for further research.

Design and making of a bookshelf, 2006 Plywood, 3 x 0,8 cm; 1 x 0,8 cm; red

Contributions to Archaeological Research at Stirling Palace, Scotland, 2007-2010 Archaeological research in the context of the restoration of Stirling Palace

Aspects of Timber in Renaissance- and Post-Renaissance Scotland, 2007-2010, published 2010 An essay that discusses the extant roofs, ceilings and doors at Stirling Palace in its technical and historical context. The research, which feeds into an onlinepublication by Historic Scotland on the restoration of Stirling Palace, was commissioned by Kirkdale Archaeology, Edinburgh. The Construction of the Ceilings over the Royal Bedchambers at Stirling Palace, 2010, published 2010 This project, which was commissioned by Kirkdale Archaeology and published by Historic Scotland, offers a model as to the likely construction of the ceilings over the King’s and Queen’s Bedchambers at Stirling Palace, suggesting the application of suspended structures. Stirling Palace, U20, 2009 This short analytical text elaborates on the function of a relieving arch in room U20 at Stirling Palace. The project was done for Kirkdale Archaeology and remains unpublished. Stirling Palace, V21, 2010 This short analytical text explains the function of a shaft in room V21 at Stirling Palace. The project was commissioned by Kirkdale Archaeology and remains unpublished.

Stirling Palace, King’s and Queen’s Bedchambers, conjectural reconstruction of the making of the ceiling

Post-medieval roof structure at Newark Castle, 2007 Survey and assessment of the roof over the north range at Newark Castle, Scotland

Extension of a warehouse in Leopoldshöhe, Germany, 2007 Design, calling for tenders and supervision of construction

Timber Architecture in Europe and Japan: a comparative analysis, 2007 A proposal for the Canon Foundation in Europe Fellowships by Thorsten Hanke, MPhil Misawa House (Nagano Prefecture, mid-C19) and ‘Gratzenhäusel’ Ratschings (Northern Italy, C16) Nikolaus Pevsner in his Outline of European Architecture once famously insisted that “(…) a bicycle shed is a building but Lincoln Cathedral is a piece of architecture”. This sentence suggests that it is highly questionable to explain the shape of buildings – and thus also of its components – exclusively on the basis of utilitarian considerations. Architectural elements bear in many cases an artistic quality that goes beyond mere functional requirements, a fact that has marked the creation of artefacts since the times of the cave-painters of Lascaux. Unlike other art disciplines, such as painting, sculpture and music, architecture combines a firm desire of embellishment with the necessity to cope with the forces of gravity and nature. This multidimensional nature of architecture forms the basis of the proposed research project. This 4-month project is intended to compare historic timber architecture in North Europe and Japan through the observation of historic roof structures. Roofs are architectural elements that most obviously combine complex structural, functional and aesthetic requirements. They not only function as a protection against rain, snow and wind, but also often enhance the structural rigidity of the building and embody the artistic ambitions of patrons and designers. Not surprisingly, the wide field of roof architecture has led to significantly different solutions in Europe and East Asia. While pre-modern European architecture generally refrained from the “expressionistic” interpretation of the roof as a sculpture, did the architecture of East Asian roofs in many cases markedly determine the external appearance of pagodas, shrines and temples. China, Japan and Korea have established their own architectural languages distinctively different from that of Europe, a point which requires further consideration in terms of the functional, natural and cultural implications on architectural design in the respective regions. I intend to make sound architectural surveys in the Kansai (e.g. Kyoto and Nara) and Chubu (e.g. Gifu) regions, by applying the methodology of historical building research – a combination of accurate survey, written and photographic documentation and thorough archival research – so as to depict and analyse the original roofs of important Japanese buildings. Surveying selected roofs on a 1:25 and 1:10 scale, the project will not confine itself to a small-scale typological catalogue, but will also offer a collection and classification of construction details. As a result, the project will create a stock of primary data, which will provide the basis for further discussion. In a second step, it attempts to make a detailed comparison of selected aspects of Japanese and North European timber architecture. My previous research experience on historic roof carpentry of Germany, Scotland, Poland and North Italy would be useful for the enrichment of my Japanese project. The proposed project will be undertaken at the Institute for Art Anthropology, Tama Art University, under the supervision of Professor Mayumi Tsuruoka, a pioneer in the field of interdisciplinary research in art and architecture in Japan. This academic environment is essential to cultivate my knowledge of Japanese art and culture, as well as to exchange ideas with leading scholars in Tokyo before and after fieldwork on site. By looking at particular features in Japanese roof architecture, this project is intended to observe the similarities and differences in Europe and Japan. Thus it offers an excellent opportunity to understand the natural and material causes that always form the basis for cultural and artistic interpretations of architectural elements. It is hoped that, with the generous support of the Canon Foundation in Europe and the host institution in Japan, this project will achieve successful results and promote a mutual understanding of art and culture in Europe and Japan.

Stair at ‘Brauerei Berliner Bürgerbräu‘, Berlin-Friedrichshain, 2011 For: Büro für analytische Baukonservatorik, Kollwitzstraße 12, 10405 Berlin

Dining Table, 2012 A dining table for Hans-Jörg and Sabine Hartmann, Lage-Heiden, Germany

Tantallon Castle, 2012 Survey, historical analysis and photo-documentation Plan and Cross-Sections of the Midtower at Tantallon Castle

Bed, 2014 A bed for Ruxandra and Eugene Stoica, Edinburgh, Scotland

Contact: Thorsten Hanke 38/3 Shore Road South Queensferry, EH30 9SG UK 0131 331 5117 [email protected] http://hankebauforschung.wordpress.com/about/