Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality. How Land Treatment Can Protect Water Quality?

Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality How Land Treatment Can Protect Water Quality? Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality „ ...
Author: Helen Curtis
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Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality How Land Treatment Can Protect Water Quality?

Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality „

“Non Point Source (NPS) pollution from agriculture is the leading source of impairments to surveyed rivers and lakes” USEPA Clean Water Action Plan, 1998

Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality Three Leading Sources of Water Quality Impairment Rank Rivers

1

Lakes

Agricultural Agricultural

Estuaries Urban runoff

2

Municipal point sources

Municipal point sources

Municipal point sources

3

Stream/ habitat changes

Urban runoff

Agricultural

Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality „ Sources

of Agricultural NPS Pollution ƒ Sedimentation ƒ Nutrients ƒ Pesticides

Best Management Practices (BMP) for Water Quality „ Environmental

Risk Assessment

Tools ƒ N - Leaching Index ƒ Phosphorus Index ƒ RUSLE2 ƒ EPA 303(d) report ƒ WIN-PST ƒ NAPRA

Characteristics of the material applied affect the contamination potential Characteristics of the material applied:

Water solubility is Low Water solubility is High Soil adsorption is High Soil adsorption is Low Persistence is Short Persistence is Long

Ground Water Contamination Potential is:

Low High Low High Low High

Characteristics of the material applied affect the contamination potential Soil Characteristic Clayey Sandy Low Organic Matter High Organic Matter Small Macropores Large Macropores Groundwater deep >100’ Groundwater shallow

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