ZOA SOUTH SUDAN
Profile ZOA South Sudan
Background and Mission ZOA was founded in 1973 when a group of Christian students organized support for refugees in Indo-China. The letters ‘ZOA’ are the abbreviation of the Dutch translation of South East Asia, the area where the organization started its initial activities. Over the years, ZOA has grown into a proHULP | HOOP | HERSTEL fessional organization that runs high quality, integrated programs for people affected by conflict or natural disasters in more than 15 countries in Asia and Africa, with the mission to provide relief, contribute to hope, and work on recovery, together with affected communities.
ZOA South Sudan was established when it moved from Arua, Uganda into Central Equatoria State (CES), South Sudan in 1998 during the civil war, opening bases in Katigiri, Tali and Lainya in CES and in Bor and Pibor in Jonglei State, with a head office in Juba. Around 60 people, a mix of expats and local South Sudanese, are employed with ZOA South Sudan. Through partners we have access to another 130 staff and bases in Yei County, CES and Akobo County in Jonglei State. In South HULP | HOOP | HERSTEL Sudan our specific mission is to focus on the recovery of conflict affected rural communities.
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ZOA SOUTH SUDAN
Core Competency ZOA’s core competency is community based programming using our areas of expertise.It means that the communities of the locations where ZOA is based play a key role in designing, implementing and monitoring our programs. ZOA believes that in a state recovering from conflict this is the best method to achieve long term and lasting change in communities. Approach To work in this manner ZOA uses the programmatic approach. As part of the approach it is essential to obtain a thorough understanding of the local context, to identify opportunities for positive change in that context, and to decide where we can add value as an organization when designing a program for the area. This programmatic approach results into multi annual program plans for a state or a county. For implementation ZOA uses a hybrid method, combining direct implementation with implementation through South Sudanese partner organizations. We have partnerships with 8 local organizations and are actively building their organizational capacity, as well as the capacity of local government where relevant. Areas of Expertise ZOA uses a policy framework of three dimensions for our programs. These provide structure throughout the life cycle of programs and enable us to stay focused: 1. Access to basic resources and services for communities 2. Inclusive governance for communities 3. Peace and stability for communities ZOA has developed specific areas of expertise in order be effective and efficient in our programs: • Food security and livelihoods: ZOA provides agricultural production support such as improving farming techniques, water management and irrigation, feeder road rehabilitation, increasing access to land, natural resource management, and the formation and strengthening of capacity among farmer groups in line with the Farmer Field School (FFS) approach. In supporting agricultural production, ZOA focuses on sustainable and climate smart crop production systems. This is pursued by providing high level technical advice and capacity building for farmers, local NGOs and government rural extension services on integrated soil fertility management and improved seed supply systems, among others. To further enhance economic development livelihood support is provided through vocational skills training, business development, promoting functional adult literacy based, village savings and loans associations, and market support such as linking producer groups to value chains, food processing, and marketing.
• Water, sanitation, and hygiene: using the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) approach, ZOA provides equitable and sustainable access to clean water to communities, carefully taking social, economic and ecological factors of the area into account, such as food production and the presence of pastoralists with their livestock. Also, communities are triggered to create Open Defecation Free (ODF) zones using Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), and good hygiene practices are promoted. • Basic education: our vision is that all school-aged children within a community receive basic education. Therefore ZOA works together with the local government to improve existing education infrastructure and education quality such as renovation of schools; support with learning materials; teacher training; and lobby and advocacy for more teachers, improved participation of parents, more government educational support and increased enrollment of girls. • Peace building: the ambition of ZOA goes beyond the principle of Do No Harm, although very important in all projects. ZOA is actively helping to transform local conflicts by equipping local leaders with knowledge of national rule of law, additional skills to resolve conflicts peacefully, by facilitating interaction between conflicting sides, and by creating a peace dividend through (economic) collaboration, e.g. a joint farmers association and reducing tension on scarce (mostly natural) resources. • Emergency response: in case of severe conflict or natural disaster in a ZOA working area, we assist people to survive these emergencies with a response to their most urgent needs such as food, water and sanitation. We always coordinate with the UN humanitarian clusters to avoid duplication of any sort, as well as to enhance synergy and compliment services to affected communities. Important cross cutting themes are gender and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The ZOA gender policy and practice aims to improve the influence women have in decision making at community level, to advocate for their rights and protection, and to build their self-confidence and skills. With the adoption of a DRR approach, ZOA explicitly incorporates resilience to the most important human made and natural hazards into its projects and programs. For instance: water wells are designed in consideration of possible water level drops in the future, dams established account for increased incidences of flooding, and crop production systems are supported to create more resilience to increasing occurrence of climate extremes. ZOA South Sudan has access to support from its head office in The Netherlands, where sector specialists support the 15 world wide country programs and by doing so advance best practices and promote organizational learning.
ZOA SOUTH SUDAN
Program Areas ZOA currently has programs in Central Equatoria State (CES) and Jonglei State. Since we are using the programmatic approach which considers the specific local context, different choices have been made regarding areas of expertise which have been included in the program plans. Broadly we can say that the program plans for CES have a focus on Food Security and Livelihood since the programs are located in the ‘Green Belt’ of South Sudan, an area very suitable for agriculture because of the fertile soils, high rainfall, and agriculturalist people which inhabit the area. The program plans for Jonglei State have a focus on Peace building because of the high incidence of conflicts over the past years. These plans take the specific culture of the semi-pastoralist people who live in the region into account. The other areas of expertise are part of the program plans where relevant. Funding In addition to private support and funding from The Netherlands, ZOA has a variety of institutional donors and partners around the world. Recently ZOA has been receiving funds from the European Commission, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, TEAR Australia, FAO, WFP, UNICEF, Common Humanitarian Fund, Basic Services Fund, UNDP and IOM. Annex: Experience Record in Brief
Amount involved (in USD) and donor
Name: Hope and Recovery Program
2.2 million by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands
Location: Akobo and Pibor County, Jonglei State; Gambella Woreda, Ethiopia Sector: FSL, WASH, Peace building Beneficiaries: 80,300 Objective: Contributing to a diminishing of instability and human security by addressing the root causes which sustain the conflicts and which can be influenced positively. This is a cross-border program with Ethiopia. The following outcomes are to be achieved: a. An increased level of implementation of local peace-agreements, decreased dowry levels and increased mutual respect and cooperation (including cross-border cooperation) in various projects and; b. An improved food security through increased availability and optimal and collaborative use of available livelihood resources and increased services for water and sanitation
Name: Semi-Pastoralist Conflict Mitigation Program Location: Terekeka County, CES; Bor South County, Jonglei State
3.3 million by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands
Sector: FSL, WASH, Peace building, Education Beneficiaries: 127,291 Objective: To improve human security and to reduce local conflicts in agro-pastoralist areas with the following outcomes: a. Increased inter-tribal respect, cooperation and recognition of traditional and national law, supported by improved capacity of local governance in the target areas and; b. The various tribes and clans living in the targeted areas all experience improvements in access to conflict sensitive resources such as water and diversified livelihoods 2011-2015
Name: Dutch Consortium for Rehabilitation Program Location: Lainya County, CES Sector: FSL, WASH, Education, Community Governance Beneficiaries: 89,315 Objective: conflict-affected communities have improved the situation regarding their access to basic services and livelihoods to an acceptable standard in a sustainable manner with the following results: 1. In 2015 all households have equitable access to basic services (health care, education, WASH) 2. In 2015 all households have improved their livelihoods (food, income) 3.In 2015 all communities are well organised and well governed 4.In 2015 all functional sectoral systems exist and are managed in a sustainable manner (for basic services and livelihood/ economic development)
5.2 million by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands
ZOA SOUTH SUDAN
Name: Distribution of FAO Emergency Kits in CES and Jonglei State
0.1 million by FAO and 0.4 million by CHF
Location: Lainya, Juba West, Terekeka Counties in CES; Pibor County in Jonglei State Beneficiaries: 145,481 Sector: FSL Objective: FAO Emergency kits are safely and timely delivered to 20,783 targeted HHs in a maximum period of 2 months 2013-2014
Name: Moving Beyond Hunger Program Location: Juba West County, CES Sector: FSL Beneficiaries: 21,000 Objective: The project builds forth on the FSTP project by engaging the successful farmer groups to: 1. Increase agricultural production to surplus through improved agricultural practices that increase yield, and through increased scale; 2. Build skills for farming as a business, and access markets for excess production through newly formed agricultural associations; and 3. Change capacities and attitudes towards one of self-reliance: we will enable successful farmer groups to increase their incomes, and use these innovators and exemplars to build community attitudes of self-reliance and farming success.
0.3 million by Tear Australia, AUSAID, ZOA business Ambassadors and ZOA NL
Name: Integrated Water and Sanitation Project in Terekeka County, CES Location: Terekeka County, CES
3.0 million by Basic Services Fund/ BMB MottMacDonald and Tear Australia
Sector: WASH Beneficiaries: 56,437 Objective: Sustainably increasing access to safe water and promotion of good hygiene and sanitation practices 1. Improved access to clean water by drilling 30 new boreholes, rehabilitating 8 boreholes and repairing 30 boreholes 2.Provision of water for cattle by construction of 24 cattle troughs 3. Promotion of good hygiene and sanitation practices 4.Improved institutional capacity of local CBOs, Local Partners, County Rural Water Department (RWD) and PWDs 2010-2013
Name: Food Security Thematic Program Location: Juba West County, CES Sector: FSL Beneficiaries: 47,500 Objective: improve food security and nutritional status, in particular for most vulnerable groups, by increased food production and promotion of market oriented livelihood diversification, based on community action and facilitated by relevant state and civil society actors’ with the following results: 1. Agricultural production increased and diversified, to enhance food security and nutritional status of vulnerable groups including recent returnees and internally displaced people. 2. Surplus production facilitated by demonstrating and facilitating uptake of improved agricultural practise with markets revitalized and value chains developed. 3. Natural resource management improved and sustainable land use options demonstrated to protect livelihood sources and develop sustainable livelihood options. 4. Capacity of State and Civil Society Actors enhanced to strengthen formal and informal institutions, including Community Based Organisations (CBOs), to play a key role in food security and promote a process of conflict transformation.
2.8 million by the European Union
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