VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING FOR EMPLOYMENT
DEMAND FOR SKILLED WORKERS DURING THE MIDDLE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Industrial Promotion Act, 1959.
It was encouraged investment in equipment and machinery with modern technology
There was evidence for the need of skilled workers in the field of machinery & equipment operation and maintenance within new technologies 2
QUANTITATIVE DEFICIT OF SKILLED WORKERS (Peru, middle of the 20th century )
“ There should be 2000 technicians graduates annually for registered industry”
“The number of graduates of industrial schools in 1956 was 679 “. 1956-1957 Educational Reality Inventory (MINEDU)
QUALITATIVE DEFICIT OF SKILLED WORKERS 1956-1957 Educational Reality Inventory (MINEDU)
Lack of relationship between technical education and the industry workforce needs.
Lack of equipment and other resources for hands-on learning needed to develop skills . Inventory carried out by the Ministry of Education-Peru
CREATION OF SENATI It was created by law, on the initiative of the Peruvian National Society of Industry , in December 1961. Function : to educate and train the operating workforce performance in the industrial & manufacturing maintenance jobs. Industrial enterprises have been paying monthly self- imposed taxes as one important means of voluntary contribution for educational purposes of SENATI . SENATI was created as a private management autonomous institution , conducted by a National Board composed mainly of industrialists.
CONCEPTUALIZING VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING “ Vocational Education & Training is the means for empowering workers to earn a living, to develop their personality and to make progress in their profession. It is also the means for increasing the volume of production and income of the Nation, enhancing productivity and performance on invested capital.” Explanatory statement of the preliminary draft law for the creation of the National Apprenticeship and Industrial Labor Service ( SENATI)
SENATI´S CORE NEEDS SATISFACTION (Explanatory statement of the preliminary draft law for the creation of SENATI )
1. For people: develop employability
2. For companies: educate & train workers who can contribute to productivity and competitiveness
3. For the country : educate & train Human Capital
LABOR COMPETENCES International Labour Organization ( ILO- OIT) “ Ability to perform tasks inherent to a specific employment” OIT CIUO-88
SENATI´s EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES
Develop specific capabilities or competencies through assimilation and application of knowledge, skills, attitudes and relevant values, with critical and creative thinking in a specific situation.
Diseño: ESCUELA DE ARTES GRÁFICAS
Critical Thinking and Creative Processing
COMPETENCIES ARE DEVELOPED IN ACTIVE, HOLISTIC AND SITUATED LEARNING APPROACH
MODELING HUMAN INTELLIGENCE AND AUTONOMOUS - RESPONSIBLE ACTION 1. Gather information
2. Propose Plan
PROFESSIONAL- TECHNICAL EDUCATION SUITABLE FOR EMPLOYMENT
OFERTA DE: Carreras y
titulaciones enfocadas al desempeño de
empleos reales Tasks , occupations, occupational groups, employment
THE ACTIVITY OF PROFESSIONALTECHNICAL EDUCATION PROCESSES
IDENTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION & TRAINING NEEDS FOR JOBS
PROJECT DESIGN AS A TEACHING- LEARNING AND ASSESSMENT TOOL
DEFINITION OF RESOURCES AND LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS
IDENTIFICATION OF OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE BASED ON PRODUCTIVE TASKS
DEFINITION OF THE OPERATING SCHEME AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION MODULES
TEACHING & LEARNING EXPERIENCES
DEFINITION OF THE TECHNICAL, METHODOLOGY AND SOCIO-EMOTIONAL SKILLS PROFILE
DEFINITION OF CONTENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETENCIES
ASSESSMENT, CERTIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION
IDENTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION & TRAINING NEEDS FOR JOBS
OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE ( DACUM MATRIX) OCCUPATION JOB POSITIONS
IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIFIC SKILLS OR COMPETENCES – PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITY Task Job position TECHNICAL COMPETENCES
Clusters Career Families
PERSONAL & SOCIAL COMPETENCES
RELEVANT INFORMATION FOR DEVELOPING KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS REQUIRED TO THE JOB Task
- Products (goods or services) - Resources and materials
- Machines and instruments - Processes of transformation or control
- Organizational structures and work conditions
- Safety and occupational health standards Environmental standards , Quality standards etc.)
- Scientific, technological and humanistic disciplines applied to the activity
SENATI- ENTERPRISE: DUAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING OPERATING SCHEME ENTERPRISE
Basic Vocational Education & Training
Specific Vocational Education & Training (Dual System )
Curriculum and Instructional Design ends with the identification of relevan tasks which are required to carry out the project-based teaching learning modules Operation of conventional & numerical computarized machine tools
Design & Develop Mechanic Plains
Assembling, dismantling and alignment machines Use of dimensional metrology equipment Power cutting work
Safety & health at work
Responsibility to the environment
Project: Design and manufacture of mechanisms, cross table
“LEARNING BY DOING ” WITH RESEARCH STRATEGIES The real task is taken as a personal project that encourages the active pursuit of knowledge, skills, attitudes and relevant values to convert the global application and practice of elements into intellectual capacity for creative and productive actions
PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT FORM ASSESSMENT FACTOR
SCORE ( Average %)
ASSESSMENT CRITERIA Operational Process
4 (20 %)
Accuracy & Finishing
6 (30 %)
Order & Security
2 (10 %)
3 (15 %) TOTAL
20 (100 %)
GENERAL STUDIES Performs preventive maintenance program
Performs predictive maintenance program
Analyzes and diagnoses faults
Interprets plans and manufacturer´s manuals
Performs inspections with specialized instruments
Perfoms disassembly and assembly of affected parts
Performs procedure of installation and assembly
Monitors and evaluates parameters according to standards
Monitors condition of equipment
Inspects, measures, controls and verifies elements of machines
Applies tests and verifies tuning
Checks and controls pneumatic and hydraulic systems
Trend analysis to schedule maintenance
Changes, repairs or reconstructs parts/elements of machines
Installs machines/equipment according to regulations
Inspects machines and equipment
Performance tests PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MECHANIC
PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE MECHANIC
CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE MECHANIC
Did he or she perform all ?
MECHANICAL MACHINE INSTALLER
YesI Performs analysis of occurrence Coordinates and manages with other areas of the company
Analyzes failure root cause Participates in the planning of maintenance MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT NO
Did he or she pass ?
LEVELS OF PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION
SENATI´S INSTRUCTORS PROFILE, TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Levels of professional qualification
Induction for SENATI Qualification in the SENATI Model
At least 3 years of work experience in the occupation. Mastery of learning by doing and other methodologies applied in conducting groups
Vocation for service
Interships and Scholarships in Technology Training at Enterprises abroad
Master´s degree in Higher Education Technology at Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND CERTIFICATION OF QUALITY Vocational Education & Training with a computarized management process system specialized in higher education.
SENATI´s Integrated Management System certified under International Standards ISO 9001: 2008 Quality Management ; ISO14001: 2004 Environmental Management and OHSAS 18001:2007 Occupation Health and Safety Management.
Current SGS Vocational Education & Training Certification from Peru at national level in all SENATI´s Regional branches. It has a scope for all the processes and Programs & Courses Instructional Designs.
2015 SENATI´S FIGURES 79,989 enrolment in vocational education programs and 430,863 enrolment in training programs. 64 Professional technical and technological careers . 9,805 enterprises admitted apprentices for dual system (Dual Education System SENATI-Enterprise).
13,690 graduates in 2015.
91 % graduates in the labor market before one year.
98,3% satisfaction rate related to graduates´performance according to entepreneurs.
SENATI´S ORGANIZATION NATIONAL BOARD
NATIONAL DIRECTOR MANAGEMENT AREAS & OTHER NATIONAL ENTITIES
ADVISORY COMMITTEES OF EMPLOYERS
SENATI´S FACTORS OF SUCCESS Involvement of employers in management processes, operational processes and support of vocational education & training processes: payment of monthly economic contribution and production facilities for practical learning .
Design of the vocational education & training offer based on the requirements of specific skills or competences related to environmental productive activities.
Application of education based on competences and active learning methodology related to real situations of production, infrastructure, equipment and technologies of production as well as vocational training centers at enterprises.