The Sacraments, Art, and Scripture: Discussion Questions for Younger Learners

The Sacraments, Art, and Scripture: Discussion Questions for Younger Learners Prepared by Sophia Institute for Teachers Lesson Overview Lesson Detai...
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The Sacraments, Art, and Scripture: Discussion Questions for Younger Learners Prepared by Sophia Institute for Teachers

Lesson Overview

Lesson Details

The Seven Sacraments: The Foundation of Christian Living contains seven full-color works of art, along with a set of discussion questions for each. Download this resource to find additional sets of discussion questions for each work of art written with younger learners in mind. You can find digital versions of each art work in the Art section of our document library.

Subject area(s): Religion Grade Level: Elementary Resource Type: Discussion Guide

Special Learners This resource was developed with the following special learners in mind: Traditional Classroom Homeschooled Students CCD/Parish-Based Education Classical Education Gifted Learners Struggling Readers English Language Learners

The author of this lesson shared it with other educators within the Sophia Institute for Teachers Catholic Curriculum Exchange. Find more resources and share your own at https://www.SophiaInstituteforTeachers.org.

Lesson Plan Baptism After all the people had been baptized and Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, heaven was opened and the Holy Spirit descended upon him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.” Luke 3:21-22 Grades K-1 Jesus is standing in the center of the painting. Where is He standing? There is a man standing over Him. That man is John the Baptist. What is John the Baptist doing? This Bible verse describes the Holy Spirit taking the form of a dove. The voice of God the Father came down from heaven at this moment. The the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit were all present in this moment. What do you call the one God in three Divine Persons? Look at the light and dark in the painting. What are the lightest parts? Why do you think the artist made that choice? What does God the Father express at the moment of Jesus’ baptism? How do you think Jesus felt? How do you think the other Christians who were there felt? Grades 2-4 Artists use placement and light to draw our eye to important things. When you look at this fresco, where does your eye naturally go? What or whom do you look at first? Next? What or whom are you drawn to focus on the longest? Who is standing in the center of the painting? In what river is He standing? Do you know who is the man standing over Jesus? What is he doing? Jesus lived a sinless life. Why do you think He was baptized? The three Divine Persons of the Trinity are the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. How does the artist show each of the Divine Persons in this fresco? Have you ever been to a baptism? What are some reasons that the Baptism of Jesus was a special moment, in His life and for all Christians?

Confirmation Suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, and it filled the entire house in which they were. Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in different tongues, as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim” (Acts 2:2-4). Grades K-1 Look at the colors in this woodcut painting. How would you describe them? Does this painting look happy? Sad? Something else?

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Look at the hands of the people in the painting. Does this give you a clue about what they are doing? Re-read Acts 2:2-4. List some ways the painting shows what happens in the Bible verses. This painting is called Descent of the Holy Ghost. Descent means “coming down.” For whom is the “Holy Ghost” another name? The painting shows the Virgin Mary and some of the Apostles at Pentecost. What clues in the painting tell you that? Have you ever seen pictures or images of Pentecost in other places? Where? Grades 2-4 This painting is called Descent of the Holy Ghost. Descent means “coming down.” For whom is the “Holy Ghost” another name? The painting shows the Virgin Mary and some of the Apostles at Pentecost. What clues in the painting tell you that? Have you ever seen pictures or images of Pentecost in other places? Where? Why do you think that Pentecost is sometimes called the birthday of the Church? The Virgin Mary is shown in the center of the scene. What does that tell us about Mary’s role at Pentecost and in the life of the Church? How does Pentecost connect to the Sacrament of Confirmation?

Eucharist When he had said this, Jesus was deeply troubled and testified, “Amen, amen, I say to you, one of you will betray me.” The disciples looked at one another, at a loss as to whom he meant. One of his disciples, the one whom Jesus loved, was reclining at Jesus’ side. So Simon Peter nodded to him to find out whom he meant. He leaned back against Jesus’ chest and said to him, “Master, who is it?” Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I hand the morsel after I have dipped it.” So he dipped the morsel and [took it and] handed it to Judas, son of Simon the Iscariot. After he took the morsel, Satan entered him. (John 13:21-27) Grades K-1 This painting depicts the Lord’s Supper. Can you find Jesus? Where is He seated? Look at the disciples sitting around the table. How do they seem to be feeling in this moment the artist has captured? For clues, look at their faces, their bodies, and their hands. Based on the painting, if you could write a speech bubble coming from one of the disciples, who would you pick? What would he be saying? Is there one disciple who especially catches your eye? Why? Read John 13:21-30. Does this give you any clues about why the disciples look surprised? Grades 2-4 What event in the Bible has the artist captured in this painting? Look at the disciples sitting around the table. How do they seem to be feeling? Based on the painting, if

The author of this lesson shared it with other educators within the Sophia Institute for Teachers Catholic Curriculum Exchange. Find more resources and share your own at https://www.SophiaInstituteforTeachers.org.

you could write a speech bubble coming from one of the disciples, who would you pick? What would he be saying? Christ instituted two sacraments at the Lord’s Supper: Holy Orders and ___________________. Find each of the following items in the painting: Loaf of bread Lamb Knives Cup of wine For each of these four items, write a sentence connecting it to the Eucharist.

Penance and Reconciliation Read Luke 15:11-32 Grades K-1 This painting shows a moment from the Parable of the Lost Son. Can you find the father in this painting? Where is the younger son? What are they doing? The painting depicts the moment when the father forgives his son and receives him back into the family. How do you think the son felt being forgiven by his father? How do you think the father felt when his son returned? Why do you think Jesus told us this parable? Grades 2-4 Put the following events from the Parable of the Lost Son in order: The younger brother makes bad choices and wastes his inheritance The younger brother leaves The older brother complains to his father The father assures the older brother of his love for him. The father forgives his son and welcomes him home. The younger brother asks his Father for his inheritance The Younger brother realizes what he has done is wrong, and decides to return to his father. Where is the father in this painting? Where is the younger son? What are they doing? Which moment from the Parable of the Lost Son is shown in this painting? How do you think the son felt being forgiven by his father? How do you think the father felt when his son returned? Why do you think Jesus told us this parable?

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Anointing of the Sick Read John 9:1-7; Mark 8:22-26; Mark 10:46-52; and Matthew 20:29 Grades K-1 Can you find Jesus in this painting? What clues tell you who He is? Jesus is touching the eyes of another man. How would you describe the man whom Jesus is touching? The man is carrying a walking stick. Why would a person use a walking stick? What are the people in the crowd of people standing behind Jesus doing? This painting is like a comic strip. It shows the passage of time. The man standing at the right is not a different man. He is the same man after Jesus touched his eyes. After Jesus touched his eyes, the man dropped his walking stick. What happened after Jesus touched the man’s eyes that would make the man no longer need his walking stick? Grades 2-4 Can you find Jesus in this painting? What does he seem to be doing? The man whose eyes Jesus is touching is carrying a walking stick. Why would a person use a walking stick? This painting is like a comic strip in that it shows the passage of time. The man standing at the right is the same man whose eyes were being touched by Jesus. After Jesus touched his eyes, he dropped his walking stick. Why does he no longer need it? How does the moment captured in this painting connect to the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick? Why do you think Jesus gave sight to the blind, and healed the sick?

Holy Orders Note: in this Gospel, Peter was still known as Simon. After Jesus had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into deep water and lower your nets for a catch.” Simon said in reply, “Master, we have worked hard all night and have caught nothing, but at your command I will lower the nets.” When they had done this, they caught a great number of fish and their nets were tearing. They signaled to their partners in the other boat to come to help them. They came and filled both boats so that they were in danger of sinking. When Simon Peter saw this, he fell at the knees of Jesus and said, “Depart from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man.” For astonishment at the catch of fish they had made seized him and all those with him, and likewise James and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were partners of Simon. Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching men.” When they brought their boats to the shore, they left everything and followed him. – Luke 5:4-11. Grades K-1 What seems to be happening in this painting? Describe the action taking place.

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Why do you think the artist chose bright colors? Why do you think he painted Andrew’s garments the way he did? Where are Jesus, Simon (Peter), and Andrew in this painting? Peter, Andrew, James, and John were fishermen. Peter told Jesus that they hadn’t been able to catch any fish. He told them to lower their nets. What happened when they did? Does this story teach us anything about not giving up, and what we can do when we trust Jesus? Grades 2-4 What seems to be happening in this painting? Describe the action taking place. Why do you think the artist chose bright colors? Why do you think he painted Andrew’s garments the way he did? What do Peter and Andrew’s hands seem to say? Peter told Jesus that they hadn’t been able to catch any fish. When they tried again, they caught so many fish their nets were tearing. Does this story teach us anything about not giving up, and what we can do when we trust Jesus? What do you think Jesus meant when He told Peter that from now on, Peter will be catching men? Did He mean that Peter would lower their nets into the water and catch men? If not, what did he mean? The painting is titled The Miraculous Draught of Fishes. What miracle has Jesus performed in this Gospel story? What does Jesus’ miracle teach the disciples about their work of being “fishers of men”?

Matrimony Jesus told them, “Fill the jars with water.” So they filled them to the brim. Then he told them, “Draw some out now and take it to the headwaiter.”* So they took it. And when the headwaiter tasted the water that had become wine, without knowing where it came from (although the servers who had drawn the water knew), the headwaiter called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves good wine first, and then when people have drunk freely, an inferior one; but you have kept the good wine until now.” Jesus did this as the beginning of his signs in Cana in Galilee and so revealed his glory, and his disciples began to believe in him. – John 2:7-11. Grades K-1 A mosaic is a picture or pattern produced by arranging small colored pieces of hard material, such as stone, tile, or glass. This work of art is a mosaic. Have you ever seen a mosaic anywhere else? Who are the people in this mosaic? What clues tell you who they are? What are the three items at the bottom right of the scene? Read the Gospel passage of the Marriage at Cana. What moment in the Gospel story has the artist captured in this mosaic? Why do you think Jesus performed his first miracle at a wedding? Grades 2-4 A mosaic is a picture or pattern produced by arranging small colored pieces of hard material, such as stone, tile, or glass. This work of art is a mosaic. Have you ever seen a mosaic anywhere else? Where?

The author of this lesson shared it with other educators within the Sophia Institute for Teachers Catholic Curriculum Exchange. Find more resources and share your own at https://www.SophiaInstituteforTeachers.org.

In the mosaic, Jesus’ head is surrounded by a cross halo. What is this halo a sign or reminder of? Read the Gospel passage of the Marriage at Cana. What moment in the Gospel story has the artist captured in this mosaic? What role did Mary play at the Marriage at Cana? What does the account of Jesus’ first miracle at a wedding tell us about His presence in the Sacrament of Matrimony?

The author of this lesson shared it with other educators within the Sophia Institute for Teachers Catholic Curriculum Exchange. Find more resources and share your own at https://www.SophiaInstituteforTeachers.org.