THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN ANGOLA CURRENT PICTURE AND PERSPECTIVES

REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND WATER 1 THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN ANGOLA CURRENT PICTURE AND PERSPECTIVES SANDRA CRIST’OVAO NATIONAL DIREC...
Author: Allen Wilson
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REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND WATER 1

THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN ANGOLA CURRENT PICTURE AND PERSPECTIVES

SANDRA CRIST’OVAO NATIONAL DIRECTOR FOR RENEWABLE ENERGIES

BACKGROUND 2

 ANGOLA IS A COUNTRY THAT A PART FROM THE IDENTIFIED

POTENTIAL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HYDROELECTRIC PROJECTS HAS POTENTIAL FOR SOLAR, WIND AND BIOMASS ENERGY.  THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN ANGOLA ARE CURRENTLY

BEING CONSIDERED THE VEHICLE FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LIVING CONDITIONS OF THE PEOPLE IN THE RURAL AREAS.  THERE

ARE FOUR MAIN ISSUES THAT BRING UP THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES FOR THE PICTURE WHEN THE TOPIC IS RURAL ELECTRIFICATION, NAMELY:

BACKGROUND 3

1.

THE ANGOLAN NATIONAL GRID IS DIVIDED IN THREE MAIN SYSTEMS: THE NORTH, THE CENTRE AND THE SOUTH. (THE AREAS NOT COVED BY THOSE SYSTEMS ARE EITHER ELECTRIFIED BY ISOLATED SYSTEMS OR DO NOT HAVE ANY ELECTRICITY AT ALL).

2.

THE RURAL COMMUNITIES ARE FAR WAYS FROM EACH OTHER.

3.

THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN RURAL AREAS IS CONSIDERED LOW.

4.

THE MAIN PROJECTS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION WILL NOT BENEFIT THOSE POPULATIONS.

CURRENT PICTURE 4

 REGARDING

THE RENEWABLES ENERGIES THREE ACTIVITIES ARE BEING DEVELOPED IN ANGOLA:

MAIN

1. THE DEVEOPMENT OF A NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

STRATEGY, TO HELP US IDENTIFY THE BEST WAYS TO IMPLEMENT THE PROGRAMMES AND PROJECTS OF THIS SUBJECT. 2. THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE POTENTIAL FOR RENEWABLE

ENERGIES. 3. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PROJECT, PARTICULARLY SOLAR

PHOTOVOLTAIC.

CURRENT PICTURE 5

 WIND ENERGY

THE POTENTIAL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF WIND ENERGY PROJECT IS STILL NOT IDENTIFIED FOR THE ALL COUNTRY. HOWEVER, THROUGH A STUDY THAT TOOK TWO YEAR, IT IS KNOW THAT IN THE DESERTIC PROVINCE OF NAMIBE THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR IMPLEMENT WIN FARMS WITH MORE THAN 100 MW. THE WIND MAPPING FOR ANGOLA IS UNDER WAY.

CURRENT PICTURE 6

 SOLAR ENERGY

ISOLATED SYSTEMS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY ARE BEING IMPLEMENTED IN THE COUNTRIES TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS: 1. THE

SYSTEM IMPLEMENTED SHOULD ELECTRIFY AN INFRAESTRUTURE THAT IMPROVES IN A WAY THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS OF THE BENEFICIARIES. (SCHOOLS, MEDICAL CENTERS, ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDINGS…)

2. THE CAPACITY OF THE SYSTEMS IS BETWEEN 3 AND 5 kW.

CURRENT PICTURE 7

 SOLAR ENERGY

UNDER THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION PROGRAMME WITH SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY ARE ALREADY INSTALLED 17 SYSTEMS AND 50 SOLAR STREET LIGHTS. A TOTAL 21 INFRASTRUTURES ARE ELECTRIFIED WITH THOSE SYSTEMS, DISTRIBUTED AS FOLLOWS:  8 MEDICAL CENTRES,  7 SCHOOLS,  6 ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDINGS

PERSPECTIVES 8

 THE STRATEGY AND ENERGY POLICY IN ANGOLA RECOMMEND

THAT THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY BE BASED ON TECNOLOGIES THAT ARE SUSTAINABLE, NOT ONLY IN TERMS OF COST BUT ALSO FOR THE ENVIRONMENT .  BEING RENEWABLE ENERGY A CROSS CUTTING ISSUE, OTHER

SECTORS LIKE AGRICULTURE, HEALTH, EDUCATION, INDUSTRY, COMMERCE, SCIENCE AND TECNOLOGY, FINANCE, TRANSPORTS AND CONSTRUCTION ARE BEING CONSULTED FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR RENEWABLE ENERGIES.

PERSPECTIVES 9

THE GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES CAN BE DISTRIBUTED AS FOLLOWS: SHORT TERM

CONCLUSION OF THE NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR RENEWABLE ENERGIES. MEDIUM TERM

INCREASE THE PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION WITH ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY IN THE RURAL AREAS, USING SOLAR ENERGY. LONG TERM

INTEGRATE THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES, NAMELY, BIOMASS, SOLAR AND WIND IN THE NATIONAL GRID.

PERSPECTIVES 10

 FOR ANGOLA, THE MAIN OBJECTIVE

AT THE MOMENT IS TO FACE THE MAIN BARRIERS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS.

 IT

IS ALSO URGENT TO DEVELOP SPECIFIC POLICIES, INCENTIVES TO PROMOTE THE USAGE AND TRAINING .

CONCLUSION 11

 THE DECISION TO CONSIDER THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES IS

TAKEN.  THE

POLICIES TO PROMOTE THE USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN BEING DEVELOPED.

 THE MAIN PROJECTS TO BE IMPLEMENTED IN THE NEAR

FUTURE HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED.  WHAT

IS NEEDED NOW IS THE KNOWLEDGE OF TECHNOLOGY FOR SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION

THE

CONCLUSION 12

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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