The Obesity Epidemic in Tennessee. Rick Canada, Director Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Tennessee Department of Health

The Obesity Epidemic in Tennessee Rick Canada, Director Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Tennessee Department of Health 20+ year prevalence ...
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The Obesity Epidemic in Tennessee Rick Canada, Director Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Tennessee Department of Health

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

20+ year prevalence of obesity

Defining Obesity OBESITY: Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher. BODY MASS INDEX (BMI): A measure of an adult’s weight in relation to his or her height, specifically the adult’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his or her height in meters. CHILDHOOD OBESITY: Height/weight above 95th percentile ranking.

CHILDHOOD OVERWEIGHT: Height/weight above 85th percentile ranking.

Woodstock 1969

Bonnaroo 2009

CDC 2011 Obesity rates   



US = 27.5 percent obese Tennessee = 29.2 percent (15th worst in US) Best = Colorado 20.7 percent Worst = Mississippi 34.9 percent

(CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System “BRFSS” data 2011)

Obesity in Tennessee 35 30 25

20 15 Obese TN 10 Obese US

5 0

(2011 CDC BRFSS data)

Tennessee Obesity Rates   

Tennessee Obesity Rate = 29.2 percent obese Worst: Hardeman County = 38.6 percent obese Best: Williamson County = 23.8 percent obese

Obesity defined as a BMI (body mass index) of 30 or more.

Childhood Obesity in Tennessee YOUTH – 21.9% obese in Tennessee CSH  15.2% CDC YRBS data (7th worst in US) 

Worst: Bedford County – 39.6 percent obese  Best: Williamson County – 11.7 percent obese 

What has caused this increase over the past 30 years ?

Engineering Physical Activity Out Of Our Lives

Why should we be concerned about the increase in obesity?

Adverse Health Consequences 

Obesity increases the likelihood of: type 2 diabetes (majority are obesity-related)  cardiovascular diseases (CHD, MI, and stroke)  several types of cancer  gallbladder disease  sleep apnea  osteoarthritis  perhaps others (e.g., Alzheimer's, depression, back pain)  Psychosocial risks, more so in children 

(http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/causes/index.html)

Adverse Financial Consequences for Tennessee *An obese person has $1,429 per year more medical costs, or about 42 percent more costs, than someone of normal weight. *The total costs annually of obesity related diseases in Tennessee can be estimated as follows: 6.3 million TN population X 29.2% obesity rate

X $1,429 additional costs per obese person = $2.63 billion per/year (http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/AAG/obesity.htm)

Cost of Obesity in 2012 US

300 Billion Dollars $$$$$$$$ (http://www.soa.org/News-andPublications/Newsroom/Press-Releases/New-Society-ofActuaries-Study-Estimates-$300-Billion-Economic-CostDue-to-Overweight-and-Obesity.aspx)

25 CDC funded states to improve Nutrition and Physical Activity

www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/state_programs

TN Obesity Task Force Alliance for a Healthier Generation

Allison Nutrition Consulting

American Diabetes Association

Tennessee State Health/Wellness Councils

American Heart Association

Chattanooga/Hamilton County Health Dept.

Child Care Resource and Referral

National Bicycling and Walking coalition

Clayton Homes

Coordinated School Health

East Tennessee Discovery Center

Partnership for Healthy Living, Chattanooga

East Tennessee State University

Every Child Outdoors

Head Start

TN Recreation & Parks Association

Healthy Memphis Common Table

Kellogg’s

Knoxville Coalition on Childhood Obesity

Mid-Cumberland Health Councils

Manna Food Security Partners

Metro Public Health Department

Meharry Medical College

Metro Nashville Parks & Recreation Dept.

Middle Tennessee State University

Nashville Metro Planning Organization

Tennessee Breastfeeding Coalition

TN Greenways & Trails Commission

Tennessee Cancer Coalition

Tennessee Commission on Children & Youth

Tennessee Department of Education

University of Tennessee Knoxville

Tennessee Department of Health

Tn Dept. of Environment & Conservation- State Parks

Tennessee Dietetic Association

Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Tennessee Institute for Public Tennessee Office of Minority Health Health

TAHPERD

YMCA

United Dairy Industry, Southeast

University of Memphis

University of Tennessee Chattanooga

HEAL Appalachia

REACH of the tri-cities

Tennessee – TennCare

Electric Pants

Save the children

www.eatwellplaymoretn.org

Principal Target Areas 

1) Breastfeeding

Principal Target Areas 

2) Increased Access to Healthy and Affordable Foods

Principal Target Areas 

3) Reduced Consumption of SugarSweetened Beverages

Principal Target Areas 

4) Built Environment/Transportation

Building the Environment 

Encourage communities to adopt complete street policies

Building the Environment 

Build schools where children can walk and bike to school

Building the Environment 

Work with planners to consider active transportation

Principal Target Areas 

5) Parks and Recreation

Martin, TN Parks and Recreation

Principal Target Areas 

6) Decreased Screen Time

Principal Target Areas 

7) Early Childcare

Principal Target Areas 

8) Schools

Principal Target Areas 

9) Health Systems

Principal Target Areas 

10) Faith Based Systems

Principal Target Areas 

11) Worksites

Principal Target Areas 

12) Vulnerable Populations/Health Disparities

Contact Information 

Rick Canada, Director Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity [email protected] 615-253-8729

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