The Nuclear Life Cycle - Scenarios For The Deployment Of New Nuclear Power Stations

All-Energy - 4th and 5th May 2016 The Nuclear Life Cycle Scenarios For The Deployment Of New Nuclear Power Stations Mike Middleton – Strategy Manager ...
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All-Energy - 4th and 5th May 2016 The Nuclear Life Cycle Scenarios For The Deployment Of New Nuclear Power Stations Mike Middleton – Strategy Manager for Nuclear ©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP The information in this document is the property of Energy Technologies Institute LLP and may not be copied or communicated to a third party, or used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied without the express written consent of Energy Technologies Institute LLP. ©2016 Energy Technologies LLP - Subject to tonotes page 1Institute LLP, no warranty or representation is given concerning such information, This information is given in good faith basedInstitute upon the latest information available Energy on Technologies which must not be taken as establishing any contractual or other commitment binding upon Energy Technologies Institute LLP or any of its subsidiary or associated companies.

Introduction to the ETI

ETI members

The Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) is a public-private partnership between global industries and UK Government Delivering...

Targeted development, demonstration and de-risking of new technologies for affordable and secure energy Shared risk ETI programme associate

©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP - Subject to notes on page 1

Typical ETI modelling system outputs

Energy System Modelling Environment

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Net UK CO2 emissions Typical ETI Transition Scenario 600

International Aviation & Shipping Transport Sector Buildings Sector Power Sector Industry Sector Biocredits Process & other CO2

500

Mt CO2/year

400 300

200 100

Notes:

0 -100

2010 (Historic)

2020

-200 DB v3.4 / Optimiser v3.4

©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP - Subject to notes on page 1

2030

2040

2050

•Usual sequence in the least-cost system design is for the power sector to decarbonise first, followed by heat and then transport sectors •“Biocredits” includes some pure accounting measures, as well as genuine negative emissions from biomass CCS.

Can Small Modular Reactors find a niche?

For SMRs to be deployed in UK: • technology development to be completed • range of approvals and consents to be secured • sufficient public acceptance of technology deployment at expected locations against either knowledge or ignorance of alternatives • deployment economically attractive to o reactor vendors o utilities and investors o consumers & taxpayers

Small Nuclear

Large Nuclear

Realistic objective for SMRs to be economically attractive to all stakeholders ©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP - Subject to notes on page 1

Can SMRs find a market niche in the UK?

Single Revenue Stream

Multiple Revenue Streams 1. Baseload Electricity

1. Baseload Electricity

Containment structure

Control rods

2. Variable Electricity To Aid Grid Balancing

Containment structure

Steam Generator Generator

Control rods

Turbine

Steam Generator Generator

Turbine

Condenser Reactor vessel

Condenser Reactor vessel

Waste Heat Rejected To The Environment

©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP - Subject to notes on page 1

3. Heat Recovery To Energise District Heating Systems

Decarbonising heat is challenging in the UK Heat demand variability in 2010 – Unattractive to electrify it all Design point for a GB heat delivery system

250

Heat Electricity

Heat / Electricity (GW)

200

150

100

Design point for a GB electricity delivery system

50

0 Jan 10

Apr 10

July 10

Oct 10

GB 2010 heat and electricity hourly demand variability - commercial & domestic buildings R. Sansom, Imperial College ©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP - Subject to notes on page 1

Conclusions from published ETI insights

http://www.eti.co.uk/the-role-for-nuclear-within-a-low-carbon-energy-system/ ©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP - Subject to notes on page 1

Less than 10 years to prepare to deploy a UK Small Modular Reactor

Generic Design Assessment

©2016 Energy Technologies Institute LLP - Subject to notes on page 1

STRAIGHT AHEAD FOR SMR DEPLOYMENT

UK capability to support SMR deployment Launch of SMR competition by UK Government: • • Stable Market & Regulatory Environment

Established Nuclear R&D in Academia and NNL

UK Nuclear Industry Heritage

SMR Development Capability

Potential SMR Support From UK Government

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Expressions of interest until 6th May Phase 1 dialogue late May until autumn 2016

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