The Italian Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance 1 What Was the Renaissance? • Renaissance means REBIRTH • The Renaissance was a time of creativity and change in many areas...
Author: Ashley Davis
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The Italian Renaissance

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What Was the Renaissance? • Renaissance means REBIRTH • The Renaissance was a time of creativity and change in many areas–political, social, economic, and cultural. • Italian Renaissance centred in Florence and Rome • Official start date of 1401

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Why Did the Renaissance Begin in Italy? Survival Recall that the Black Death, Crusades, and Middle Ages have all ended or are coming to an end. History The Renaissance was marked by a new interest in the culture of ancient Rome. Money The cities of Italy had survived the Middle Ages and grown into prosperous centers of trade and manufacturing. Patronage - A wealthy merchant class in the Italian city-states with enough money to support the arts. - Florence especially had many gifted artists and scientists.

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Renaissance Italy

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Humanism At the heart of the Italian Renaissance was an intellectual movement known as humanism. Humanism was based on the study of classical culture and focused on worldly subjects rather than on religious issues. Humanists studied the humanities, the subjects taught in ancient Greece and Rome. They believed that education should stimulate creativity.

Critical Thinking • Before Humanism what mainly gave the people their moral guidance? • Without it’s leadership who will people turn to for their understanding of their role in society?

The Book of the Courtier Castiglione (1528) Renaissance Man • • • • • • • • • • • •





TO be well borne and of a good stocke. Not to praise himself unshamefully and out of reason. Not to crake and boast of his actes and good qualities. To be seen in tunges, and specially in Italian, French, and Spanish. To be handesome and clenly in his apparaile. To make his garmentes after the facion of the most, and those to be black, or of some darkish and sad colour, not garish. To gete him an especiall and hartye friend to companye withall. Not to be ill tunged, especiallie against his betters. To have the feate of drawing and peincting. To daunce well without over nimble footinges or to busie trickes. To singe well upon the booke. To undertake his bould feates and couragious enterprises in warr, out of companye and in the sight of the most noble personages in the campe, and (if it be possible) beefore his Princis eyes. His conversation with women to be alwayes gentle, sober, meeke, lowlie, modest, serviceable, comelie, merie, not bitinge or sclaundering with jestes, nippes, frumpes, or railinges, the honesty of any. To be no envious or malitious person.

Renaissance Woman • • • •

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TO be well born and of a good house. To have a good grace in all her doinges. Not to be haughtie, envious, yltunged, lyght, contentious nor untowardlye. To have a sweetenesse in language and a good uttrance to entertein all kinde of men with communication woorth the hearing, honest, applyed to time and place and to the degree and dispostion of the person which is her principall profession. Not willinglie to give eare to suche as report ill of other women. To beeware of praysinge her self undiscreatlye, and of beeing to tedious and noysome in her talke. To be learned. To be seene in the most necessarie languages. To drawe and peinct. To daunse. To devise sportes and pastimes. To have an understandinge in all thinges belonginge to the Courtier, that she maye gyve her judgemente to commend and to make of gentilmen according to their worthinesse and desertes.

Renaissance Man and Woman

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Three Geniuses of Renaissance Art

LEONARDO

MICHELANGELO

Made sketches of nature and of models

Talented sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, and poet

Dissected corpses to learn how the human body worked

Sculpted the Pieta and statue of David

Masterpieces include Mona Lisa and The Last Supper Studied botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture, and engineering Made sketches for flying machines and undersea boats

Painted huge mural to decorate the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome Designed the dome for St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome

RAPHAEL

Studied the works of Michelangelo and Leonardo Paintings blended Christian and classical styles Best known for paintings of the Madonna, the biblical mother of Jesus The School of Athens is perhaps one of his greatest works in which he paints all the greatest thinkers in the world like Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, and also great painters like Leonardo, Michelangelo, and even himself!