The International Youth Nuclear Congress 2012 would like to thank the following sponsors for their support:

The International Youth Nuclear Congress 2012 would like to thank the following sponsors for their support: DIAMOND PLATINUM GOLD INTERNATIONAL YOU...
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The International Youth Nuclear Congress 2012 would like to thank the following sponsors for their support: DIAMOND






American Electric Power Edgen Murray Corporation GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy PSEG Nuclear, LLC Urenco, Inc.

AMEC NSS American Nuclear Society Bechtel Power Corporation CH2M Hill Electric Power Research Institute E.ON Kernkraft GmbH FirstEnergy Corp. Idaho Natinal Laboratory



Atomic Energy Society of Japan BHI Energy Gesellschaft fur Nuklear-Service mbH (GNS) MPR Associates Sn Nuclearelectrica Sa

Belgian Nuclear Research Center (SCK-CEN) Nuclear Energy Agency

International Youth Nuclear Congress Charlotte, N.C. August 5-11, 2012
































Technical Program Committee Meeting

Providence Promenade

IYNC Games

Free Time

Mint Museum

Opening Reception

Registration Promenade

Sun., August 5

Providence Tryon



PD 2


PD 1 Providence


Free Time


TT 5.2 Sharon

TT 9.1

Cultural Event Taste of the American South VBGB Beer Hall



TT 8.1 Sharon

Grand Ballroom


TT 5.1

Coffee Break


Grand Ballroom


Providence Ballroom

Plenary Session 1

Coffee Break Grand Ballroom

Providence Ballroom

Keynote Speaker

Providence Ballroom

Opening Plenary

Breakfast Grand Ballroom

Mon., August 6


TT 4.2


TT 4.1

TT Opt


TT Opt



PD 6

TT10.2 TT 9.2 Sharon

TT 5.3 Trade

TT 9.3 Sharon

TT 5.4 Trade

W4 W3 Trade

W1 Sharon


W3 contd

W1 contd Sharon

Free Time

Poster Session Grand Ballroom

W4 contd Independence


Coffee Break Grand Ballroom


Grand Ballroom

Lunch & Poster Session



Coffee Break Grand Ballroom


W6 contd

W6 Tryon

PD 5



TT 2.4

PD 4



TT 2.3

PD 3 Providence

Breakfast Grand Ballroom

Tue., August 7


W5 contd




TT 4.4


TT 4.3 TT Opt


W2 contd




TT Opt


PD 7 TT 1.1 Trade

TT 3.2 Sharon

TT 6.1

W13 Tryon

W17 Trade



TT 3.3 Sharon

TT Opt



W8 Sharon

Grand Ballroom

IYNC Board of Directors Meeting


W9 Independence


Coffee Break Grand Ballroom

TT 1.2




Free Time




W14 Harris

Grand Ballroom

Farewell Dinner

Free Time

Awards Ceremony Providence Ballroom

Closing Remarks

Coffee Break Grand Ballroom

Continental Reports Providence Ballroom

Closing Remarks

Lunch Grand Ballroom

Lunch Grand Ballroom


W15 Sharon

Coffee Break Grand Ballroom


Plenary Session 3

TT Opt

PD 11 Providence

Providence Ballroom


Grand Ballroom

TT Opt Morhead

Plenary Session 2

TT 11.2


TT 11.1

Breakfast Grand Ballroom

Thu., August 8

Providence Ballroom

Coffee Break Grand Ballroom


TT 7.1


TT 2.5

NA-YGN Leadership Meeting


PD 10


PD 9


PD 8


Breakfast Grand Ballroom

Wed., August 8

Program at a Glance

W16 Morhead

Technical Tours and Publc Information Day

Fri., August 9

Optional Event U.S. National Whitewater Center

Sat., August 10

Welcome to IYNC2012 and Charlotte Dear IYNC2012 Participant, The young generation is the future of the nuclear industry and research and development, driving companies to continuously improve and develop new techniques, projects, communications and approaches. On behalf of the volunteers of the different organizing committees, it is our pleasure and a privilege to welcome you to the International Youth Nuclear Congress 2012 (IYNC2012) that takes place in Charlotte, N.C. from 5 to 11 August 2012. This conference gathers young nuclear science and technology specialists from all over the world and aims to: • train and encourage new and future leaders • create a platform for career development and networking among young people • promote knowledge exchange between the older and younger generations • promote science, engineering and communication in the field of the peaceful uses of nuclear technology. With these aims, the IYNC2012 gathers for you high-level industry representatives, regulators, researchers, technicians, nuclear project managers and government policymakers, who will present and discuss on the most relevant aspects of nuclear energy and its technology deployment. Our technical program will consist of technical, high-level and keynote presentations, interactive workshops, and professional development sessions. Additionally, IYNC, NAYGN and particularly IYNC2012 will seek to expand and strengthen the young generation’s networking with other professionals. It will provide opportunities for young people to exchange ideas on technology trends, new developments, best practices, and the social and political aspects of nuclear energy around the world. This conference is an extraordinary opportunity for you to meet with young professionals from different cultures, share views of the challenging aspects of the deployment of the nuclear energy in every continent, and create an opportunity for networking, collaboration, sharing of technical information and the building of trust relationships internationally. Please enjoy your stay in Charlotte and profit from all the connections you will make in the next few days.

IYNC2012 Executive Committee


Table of Contents


Welcome to IYNC2012 and Charlotte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Introduction to IYNC and NAYGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Program Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Plenary Sessions Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 NAYGN Professional Development Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Workshop Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Technical Tours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Conference Journal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Special Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Important Conference Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Information for Your Stay in Charlotte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Charlotte’s Got A Lot! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Technical Track Oral Presentations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0 IYNC2012 Congress Organizing Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7 Conference Floor Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8

North American Young Generation in Nuclear (NAYGN)

International Youth Nuclear Congress (IYNC)

North American Young Generation in Nuclear (NAYGN) is honored to serve as the host of the 7th International Youth Nuclear Congress. Charlotte is an exciting center for nuclear science and technology, and our NAYGN members here in North Carolina are eager to introduce you to their innovative thoughts and ideas as well as the welcoming culture of the American South.

First I want to thank the Executive Committee and all everyone associated with organizing IYNC2012 for the first time in the United States. I am excited to be here and cannot wait to learn from my colleagues, sample the local cuisine and make new friends. For those of you unfamiliar with the International Youth Nuclear Congress (IYNC), we are a global network of a new generation of nuclear students, scholars and professionals that work to:

NAYGN is proud to represent more than 9,000 members and 101 local chapters across Canada, Mexico and the United States.

• Develop new approaches to communicate benefits of nuclear power, as part of a balanced energy mix. • Promote further peaceful use of nuclear science and technology for the welfare of mankind • Facilitate transfer of knowledge from the current generation of leading scientists and other experts to the next generation • Provide a platform and create an enabling environment to facilitate the building of professional networks that will open up future opportunities

Our mission is to provide opportunities for a young generation of nuclear enthusiasts to develop leadership and professional skills, create life-long connections, engage and inform the public, and inspire today’s nuclear technology professionals to meet the challenges of the 21st century. To accomplish this, we:

We comprise 42 national delegates, 20 members-at-large, 6 continental liaisons, and 6 officers all serving two year terms to help bring our mission statement alive. We run a successful grant program that helps new countries develop young generation networks. We also provide grants to established organizations that need a little financial help to promote nuclear in accordance with our mission. Lastly, we have provided 10 travel grants to individuals to be here in Charlotte this week. This is our seventh IYNC meeting and I am excited that it will be the best yet!

• provide a forum for the professional development of our members • actively participate in public information by informing and educating the general population about nuclear science and technology • actively participate in recruitment and retention for NAYGN and the nuclear industry • contribute to the knowledge transfer among generations of nuclear professionals • provide opportunities for members to network.

On behalf of IYNC, Welcome to Charlotte!

I hope you will all enjoy the sharing of knowledge and spirit of camaraderie that inhabits this very special event.

Miguel Millan IYNC President

Thank you for joining us!

Duncan Robinson NAYGN President



Program Overview The program of the IYNC comprises a variety of plenary sessions, workshops and technical tracks made by and for students and young professionals from all sectors of the international scene of nuclear science and technology. Last but not least, IYNC has the tradition to offer a set of unique technical tours to its participants.

Track 3: Nuclear Fuel Cycle & Waste Management Track Chair: M. Alex Brown, Oregon State University, USA Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • mining and milling • conversion • enrichment • fuel fabrication • burn-up optimization • reprocessing • low-level waste treatment • waste disposal/storage facilities • safety, hazard and risk evaluation.

Thanks to the joint organization with the NAYGN, we can offer you for this IYNC edition a unique set of professional development workshops and a public information special event. Moreover IYNC is proud to offer you 18 small interactive workshops in different domains. Participants that sent in a summary for one of our 11 technical tracks can be selected to present their full paper in the special edition of our conference Journal of Energy Conversion and Management.

Technical Tracks Eleven tracks will allow each young professional to present a paper in his or her technical or non-technical domain of expertise. Oral presentations and a poster session are organized.

Track 4: Nuclear Politics, Economics & Human Resources Track Chair: Jonathan Scott, Atkins, UK

Track Outlines:

Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • energy policy • energy demand • economics • societal issues • education and training • workforce development.

Track 1: Strategic Planning & Professional Development Track Chair: Charles T. Spanding, Sargent & Lundy, USA Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • strategic planning • business development • professional development • project management.

Track 5: Nuclear Safety, Radiation Protection and Shielding Track Chair: Jan Tiao, Bruce Power, Canada

Track 2: Plant Design, Construction, Operation, Maintenance & Decommissioning Track Chair: Daniel Gregory, HSE Office of Nuclear Regulation, UK

Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • severe accident analysis • criticality safety • risk assessment • radiation protection • radiation monitoring and detection • public health and environmental effects • nonproliferation • global threat reduction.

Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • plant construction • plant safety assessment and human factors • codes, standards, licensing and regulatory issues • reliability and performance • maintenance programs and aging • control and human machine interface technologies • experiences and techniques in decommissioning • environmental restoration.

Track 6: Advanced Nuclear Systems Track Chair: Takanori Sugawara, JAEA, Japan Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • advanced fission systems • inertial and magnetic fusion energy systems • hybrid reactors • experimental campaigns in support of advanced systems • fusion science and technology.

Track 10: Materials Science & Technology Track Chair: Tuan L. Hoang, University of California–Berkeley, USA Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • materials science • nuclear fuels and materials • modeling and simulation of nuclear fuels and materials • chemistry • irradiation damage.

Track 7: Radiation Science, Medical Applications & Non-Baseload Nuclear Applications Track Chair: Pedro Teles, ITN, Portugal

Track 11: Young Generation Unique Best Practices Track Chair: Michael J. Hope, Nuclear Fuel Service, USA

Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • radiation therapy • nuclear medicine technology • co-generation and non-baseload applications • nuclear hydrogen • space power and propulsion • accelerators applications • biology and medicine.

Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • National Young Generation Projects • Regional Young Generation Projects.

Track 8: Reactor Physics Track Chair: TBC Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • analysis methods and codes • transport & Monte Carlo methods • nuclear data • benchmark exercises • mathematics and computation. Track 9: Thermal Hydraulics & Fluids Track Chair: Elia Merzari, Argonne National Laboratory, USA Submissions to this track may include, but are not limited to: • heat transfer • hydraulics • computational fluid dynamics • coolants • aerosol transport.



Plenary Sessions

Professional Development Sessions

Three plenary sessions are set up within the theme of IYNC2012: Strategic Planning. An international set of high-level speakers from industry, research, academia and nongovernmental organizations will present to the audience their vision on different issues related to strategic planning. Three domains are identified. At the beginning of the conference, an international authority will provide his or her vision on the different aspects of the conference theme in the keynote session.

Plenary Session 2: Strategic Planning & Innovation Wednesday, 10-11:30 a.m., Providence Ballroom

Opening Plenary: Welcome to Charlotte & Parade of Flags Monday, 8-9:20 a.m., Providence Ballroom

Plenary 2 Chair: Ekaterina Paramonova, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Russia Panel: Alexander Fertman, Nuclear Cluster SkTech/Skolkovo, Russia Eric van Walle, SCK-CEN, Belgium Susan Landahl, Exelon Nuclear, USA

Plenary Chair: Craig Albert, Fluor Corporation, USA

Plenary Session 3: Strategic Planning & Opportunities Thursday, 10 a.m.-11:30 a.m., Providence Ballroom

Welcome Speakers The Honorable Richard Burr, U.S. Senate, USA Miguel Millan, IYNC President, Spain Duncan Robinson, NAYGN President, USA

Plenary 3 Chair: Milo Alani, Westinghouse Electric Company, Sweden Panel: Marvin Fertel, Nuclear Energy Institute, USA Atsuyuki Suzuki, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan Anders Jackson, Studsvik, Sweden

Keynote Session: Strategic Planning Monday, 9:20-10:05 a.m., Providence Ballroom

Eleven professional development sessions have been organized by NAYGN to provide all attendees an opportunity to expand their understanding of the IYNC2012 conference theme: Strategic Planning. These sessions will all take place in the main ballroom and will feature experts and executives discussing how strategic planning is utilized in all of the different sectors of nuclear science and technology.

PD Session 3: Bridging the Gap: Staffing Plan Tuesday, 8 a.m., Providence Ballroom This session will explore what the nuclear industry is doing to ensure a steady supply of high-quality craft and knowledge workers in the face of an aging workforce and new plant construction. Facilitator: Tommy Bowman, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Speakers: Scott Carlberg, Talking Points LLC, USA Jo Anne Robinson, Augusta Technical College, USA Clarence Fenner, STP Nuclear Operating Company, USA

PD Session 1: Company Strategies Monday, 1:30 p.m., Providence Ballroom A discussion on developing strategic business plans in the energy industry. The session will include discussions on how economic and political issues affect business plan development. Facilitator: Chris Long, Duke Energy Corporation, USA

PD Session 4: Used Nuclear Fuel Management – International Successes and Failures Tuesday, 10 a.m., Providence Ballroom Participants will learn from domestic and international experts the successes and failures of used nuclear fuel management policy.

Speakers: Chris Fallon, Duke Energy Corporation, USA Jack Spencer, The Heritage Foundation, USA Joe Turnage (retired), UniStar Nuclear Energy, USA

Facilitator: Adam Nygaard, Duke Energy Corporation, USA Speakers: Paul Murray, AREVA Inc., USA Andrew Sowder, Electric Power Research Institute, USA Everett Redmond, Nuclear Energy Institute, USA

PD Session 2: Nuclear Energy – A Financial Discussion Monday, 3:30 p.m., Providence Ballroom We will explore some of the key financial challenges facing the nuclear industry, both present and future.

Keynote Chair: Kristine Madden, NextEra Energy, USA Keynote Speaker: Steve Kuczynski, Southern Nuclear Operating Company, USA

Facilitator: Tom Calo, PSEG Nuclear, USA Speakers: Robert Drennan, Progress Energy, USA Richard Myers, Nuclear Energy Institute, USA Cheryl Brakefield, Southern Company, USA Julien Dumoulin-Smith, UBS Investment Research, USA

Plenary Session 1: Strategic Planning & Growth Monday, 10:35 a.m.-12:05 p.m., Providence Ballroom Plenary 1 Chair: Jimmy Hennen, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Panel: Dhiaa Jamil, Duke Energy Corporation, USA Ricardo Perez, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Jean-Pol Poncelet, FORATOM, Belgium

PD Session 5: Strategic Alliances: Key Benefits, Challenges and Considerations Tuesday, 1 p.m., Providence Ballroom This session will build upon the concept of leveraging the strengths of multiple entities to create a viable and functional strategic advantage. This will include new build, operations and maintenance, and other investment opportunities. Facilitator: D.J. Conrad, ScottMadden Associates, USA Speakers: Darrell Fisher, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA Jack Heyer, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, USA



Workshops fee will be assessed for anyone registering for this session to pay for materials. Participants will be assigned an assessment they need to complete before the session and given a book at the conference.

PD Session 6: Managing Competing Resource Requirements for a Successful Outage Tuesday, 3 p.m., Providence Ballroom The discussion is on how utilities and vendors across the world cope with competing resource requirements. This session will address such questions as how utilities plan for simultaneous outages at various sites and how vendors plan for increased resource requirements to support multiple outages.

Facilitator: Natalie Wood, Entergy Operations Inc., USA Speakers: John McElwain, Entergy Operations Inc., USA Charles Sarchione, Entergy Services Inc., USA

Facilitator: Jose Vives, NextEra Energy, USA Speakers: Ashok Bhatnagar, NextEra Energy, USA Kevin Walsh, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy, USA Brian Reilly, Bechtel Power Corporation, USA

PD Session 10: Leading Outside Nuclear Wednesday, 3p.m., Providence Ballroom In this session, we will explore how industries outside nuclear energy strategically develop leadership. Participants will be able to use these examples in their own development. Facilitator: Jennifer Comeens, Tennessee Valley Authority, USA Speakers: Sherri Baldwin, LeadAdvantage, USA Backy Ward, Naval Reactors, USA Sen. Bob Rucho, North Carolina General Assembly, USA

PD Session 7: Challenges to the Nuclear Supply Chain Wednesday, 10 a.m., Providence Ballroom The nuclear supply chain relies on a multitude of players and vendors with specific standards designed to meet safety and reliability requirements. This session will explore the challenges associated with the supply chain and highlight potential solutions and thought processes derived by industry experts.

PD Session 11: International Perspective on the Future of Nuclear Thursday, 8 a.m., Providence Ballroom A year has passed since the Fukushima accident. In this session, we will look at how nuclear plant operations have been affected and what measures have been taken to prevent future accidents. Additionally, we will explore how countries are making up for the lost generation of power when nuclear plants are taken off line.

Facilitator: Ryan McAward, The Shaw Group, USA Speakers: Edwin Terres, Shaw Power Group, USA Glenda Thomas, Southern Nuclear Operating Company, USA Josh Bartlett, Curtiss-Wright Flow Control, USA PD Session 8: Long-Term Planning for Nuclear New Builds Wednesday, 1 p.m., Providence Ballroom We will discuss the strategic plans of utilities, vendors and countries as they relate to the challenges of nuclear new builds.

Facilitator: Giovana Montanes-Durand, Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, USA Speakers: Pierre Tremblay, Ontario Power Generation, Canada George Felgate, World Association of Nuclear Operators, USA Sultan Al Dhareri, Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation, United Arab Emirates

Facilitator: Zack Patterson, Tennessee Valley Authority, USA Speakers: Norman Sawyer, Bruce Power, Canada William Fox, Shaw Power Group, USA TBD PD Session 9: Personal Development Toolbox Wednesday, 1 p.m., Grand Ballroom (Additional Charge: $24) This session will provide tools for participants to develop themselves. These tools can be used to help identify their career paths and determine what steps they need to take to reach their career goal. An extra

Eighteen interactive workshops in different technical and nontechnical disciplines are organized for IYNC2012. Pre-registration is required for the workshops, based on a first-come, first-served rule. Workshop 4: Media Training Tuesday, 1 p.m., Independence Participants will learn what, why and how human beings perceive risks and what role the participant can play with managing these perceptions. Participants will then have the opportunity to role-play public debate stakeholders such as members of the public, regulators, investors, technical experts and the media.

Workshop 1: BRICS Nuclear Energy Industry Tuesday, 1 p.m., Sharon The purpose of this workshop is to provide an insight into the current status and the scope for expansion of the nuclear industry in the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Participants will work in groups to prepare a short write-up documenting the measures that need to be taken to overcome the barriers to growth in one of the five BRICS countries.

Workshop Manager: Abdul K. Barrie, Entergy Operations Inc., USA Speaker: Steve Kerekes, Nuclear Energy Institute, USA

Workshop Manager: Rahul Srinivasan, MPR Associates Inc., USA Speakers: Willem Kriel, MPR, South Africa Jun Ding, TerraPower, China Irina Iakovieva, JSC SPBAEP, Russia

Workshop 5: Knowledge Transfer: The Power of Storytelling Tuesday, 1 p.m., Harris Young professionals will learn how to solicit information from more experienced professionals in a manner that is non-confrontational. Participants will participate in a game that reinforces effective questionasking skills while attempting to construct a house made from Lego.

Workshop 2: Benchmarks: Evaluating Our Nuclear Heritage to Validate Our Nuclear Future Tuesday, 1 p.m., Morehead This workshop will help young professionals understand how to become engaged in benchmark experiments by discussing activities of the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project and International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project.

Workshop Manager: Michael J. Hope, Nuclear Fuel Services, USA

Workshop Manager: John Bess & Blair Briggs, Idaho National Laboratory, USA Speakers: Richard McKnight, Argonne National Laboratory, USA Margaret Marshall, Idaho National Laboratory, USA Blair Briggs, Idaho National Laboratory, USA John Bess, Idaho National Laboratory, USA Workshop 3: The Trouble With Justification Tuesday, 1 p.m., Trade Science informs us of the technological advantages of nuclear energy technologies; however, societal opinions differ wildly on its acceptability. Given this moral pluralism, how does one justify the choices we make? What does this imply for the mandate of the nuclear scientist, engineer or manager? Workshop Manager: Gaston Meskens, SCK-CEN, Belgium



Workshop 6: Small Nuclear Power Reactors Tuesday, 1 p.m., Tryon Participants will gain a general knowledge on small modular reactors, including existing barriers to their competitiveness, applications and licensing. Participants will work in groups to identify solutions to remove these barriers.

Workshop 9: Nuclear Power in a Diversified Energy Portfolio Wednesday, 3 p.m., Independence The place of nuclear in the global energy portfolio (wind, solar, coal, hydro) will be discussed. The participants will play a team game with fixed resources assigned to each country considering factors such as carbon, funding, demographics, politics, cultural and societal factors.

Workshop 13: Takeaways From Fukushima Thursday, 8 a.m., Tryon Experts will deliver presentations about the impacts of Fukushima on their respective segment of the nuclear industry. Participants will then discuss lessons learned and present ideas for positive change in the speaker’s area of the industry.

Workshop 16: Nuclear Medicine Technology Thursday, 8 a.m., Morehead The goal of this workshop is to provide an insight into the current status of radiation therapy and the latest scientific discoveries of the nuclear medicine technology. Participants will review the status of nuclear medicine in different countries.

Workshop Manager: Denis Janin, E.ON, Germany Speakers: Matthew Crozat, U.S. Department of Energy, USA Layla Sandell, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Igncio de Arenza, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Argentina

Workshop Manager: Shaun Saldanha, AMEC NSS, Canada Speakers: Robert McCurry, Duke Energy Corporation, USA Ken Langdon, Constellation Energy Nuclear Group, USA

Workshop Manager: Victor Kreft, AMEC NSS, Canada Speakers: Kenji Tateiwa, TEPCO, Japan Lauren Tosatto, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA

Workshop Manager:

Workshop 10: How to Finance a New Project? Wednesday, 3 p.m., Harris Participants will be introduced to the details of project finance and cash flows including how to analyze the specific financial considerations for the nuclear industry.

Workshop 14: Advanced Reactor Concepts: Highlights and Challenges Thursday, 8 a.m., Harris This workshop will be separated into three main sections: high-temperature reactors (VHTR and AHTR) with process heat applications, including a general design description, process heat applications, and current progress; fast reactor and fast breeder reactor designs and challenges; and international collaborations, including opportunities, challenges, and a look to the future. The format will allow for attendee interaction with the speakers to discuss the advanced reactor designs presented. The final section on international collaboration will encourage significant audience participation in the discussion.

Workshop 7: Working With Radiological Samples Wednesday, 3 p.m., Morehead Panelists will provide an overview of the challenges involved in preparing, handling and analyzing radiological samples. Best practices and techniques for working with radiological samples in a laboratory and hot cell settings will be discussed. Interaction from workshop participants is encouraged, and a summary document capturing best practices and experiences working with radiological samples will be prepared. Workshop Manager: Melissa Teague, Idaho National Laboratory, USA Speaker: Brian Burgos, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Bernadette Hammer, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland Workshop 8: Is Nuclear Energy Sustainable? Wednesday, 3 p.m., Sharon The future development and sustainability of nuclear energy will depend very much on the acceptance and proper use by future generations. The participants will then learn all of the different ways to generate and efficiently use nuclear and non-nuclear energy from the viewpoint of environmental conservation. Workshop Manager: Vincent Ducros, AREVA, France France Mariano Vela Mora, Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear, Peru Speaker: Laura Clise, AREVA, USA

Workshop Manager: Joanna Wang, Ernst & Young, Canada Speaker: Michael Samis, Ernst & Young, Canada Workshop 11: Fuel-Cycle Strategy Wednesday, 3 p.m., Tryon A role-playing game will allow participants to learn about fuel cycle concepts and the key parameters that define the global nuclear energy industry. Each team will represent a country and engage in open dialogue with other countries to support its nuclear energy goal. Workshop Managers: Samuel Brinton, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA Raquel Ochoa, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain Workshop 12: A Systems Engineering Approach to Conceptual Design Wednesday, 3 p.m., Trade Speakers will present how they take an idea through the design process. Each group will present its approach for taking the idea through design. Group interaction will enhance understanding of effective approach to conceptual design. Workshop Manager: Mayank Sood, AMEC NSS, Canada Speaker: Victor Kreft, AMEC NSS, Canada


Workshop Manager: Piyush Sabharwall, Idaho National Laboratory, USA Speakers: David Pointer, Argonne National Laboratory, USA Eric Loewen, American Nuclear Society, USA

Workshop 15: Stress Tests in Nuclear Power Plants Thursday, 8 a.m., Sharon This workshop will help participants understand the history and ramifications of post-Fukushima Daiichi stress testing and its potential consequences for commercial power reactors. Workshop Manager: Jaime Arenillas, Westinghouse Electric Company, Belgium Speakers: Alvin Robertson, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Masayoshi Higashi, Westinghouse Electric Company, Japan Mathilde Van Lerberghe, Electricite de France, France

Workshop 17: Young Generation Strategic Planning Thursday, 8 a.m., Independence This workshop will focus on developing a mock strategic plan that will optimize the future of nuclear science and technology. The main topics to discuss are existing barriers that need to be removed to allow nuclear science and technology to better improve global social, environmental and economic factors and what can be done to better improve global social environmental and economic factors with nuclear science and technology within the next 10 years. Workshop Manager: Christoph Rirschl, GNS mbH, Germany Speakers: Miguel Millan, President, IYNC Lisa Stiles, Former President, IYNC

Workshop 18: Women Going Critical in Nuclear Thursday, 8 a.m., Trade Women are steadily increasing their leadership positions and taking a critical role in the future of nuclear energy. This workshop will creatively explore female leadership and will help equip attendees with knowledge on how to better manage their careers. Workshop Manager: Crystian Ioppolo, Progress Energy, USA Sophie Prévot, ONET Technologies, France Speakers: Carol Barajas, Progress Energy, USA Margaret Mkhosi, Technology Innovation Agency, South Africa Coleen Sidford, Ontario Power Generation, Canada Cristina Bucur, NuclearElectrica, Romania Rosa Yang, Electric Power Research Institute, USA Keiko Chitosi, Mitsubishi, Japan


Technical Tours IYNC 2012 is proud to offer six different technical tours that showcase companies and institutions in Charlotte and the surrounding region. These tours offer a unique opportunity to visit the facilities that contribute to the region’s significant nuclear presence. Pre-registration is required for the technical tours and availability is based on a first-come, first-served rule. Be sure to bring your U.S. driver’s license or passport (a photocopy is NOT acceptable) to present to security for these tours. Participants must follow the tour dress code to attend. Tour 1 - Electric Power Research Tour Tour participants will visit the Electric Power Research Institute’s (EPRI) Charlotte offices and the University of North Carolina-Charlotte’s (UNCC) brand new Energy Production and Infrastructure Center (EPIC) facility. The EPRI portion of the tour includes four of its research labs featuring Ultrasonic Phased Array Technology, Steam Generator Management with Nondestructive Evaluation, and the Welding Repair Technology Center. The UNCC EPIC facility tour includes the Power Systems Education Laboratory, the Smart Grid Laboratory, and the 28-meter-tall High-Bay Structures Laboratory, which includes nuclear fuel handling equipment and 3D shaker tables for seismic simulation. Tour 2 – Westinghouse Uranium Fuel Fabrication Tour Participants will tour the Westinghouse fuel fabrication facility in Columbia, S.C. This facility is the headquarters for manufacturing operations in the USA and is the largest facility of its kind in the world. The tour will include the chemical, mechanical and emergency services facilities. Participants will learn about the conversion of UF6 gas into UO2 powder and then to U3O8 fuel pellets. The process continues with rod loading, tube preparation, QC inspection and final assembly.

Tour 3 – Duke Energy’s Nuclear Power Plant and Siemens’ Turbine Manufacturing Tour Tour participants will tour either Duke Energy’s McGuire or Catawba nuclear station. These facilities are of a similar two-unit Westinghouse 4-loop PWR design and are both located near Charlotte. The visit includes a trip to the plant simulator and a walkthrough of the turbine building. Tour participants will also tour Siemens’ Steam Turbine and Generator manufacturing facility in Charlotte where they produce and service equipment for the nuclear and fossil power industries, including both 50 Hz and 60 Hz market. The facility offers a unique opportunity to see turbine-generators at all stages of manufacturing, assembly and testing. Tour 4 – Palmetto Health Radiological Medicine and Surgery Tour Participants will tour Palmetto Health’s facility in Columbia, S.C. The tour will include the Gamma Knife Department, the Radiation Oncology Department and the Nuclear Medicine Department. The tour will begin with a presentation on the use of radiation and radioactive material in a medical setting. Participants will take a walkthrough tour of the gamma knife with experts discussing the operations of the department including:

Tour 5 – University of South Carolina (USC) Engineering Research Tour Participants will tour the engineering research laboratories at the University of South Carolina located in Columbia, S.C. In the morning, attendees will explore the Thermal Hydraulic Laboratory, the Condition-Based Maintenance Research Center and the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Center. In the afternoon, the Palmetto Heath Radiological Medicine and Surgery Tour group will join us for a short presentation on USC’s nuclear research programs and a tour of the Nuclear Materials Laboratory. Tour 6 – SCE&G’s V.C. Summer Units 2 & 3 New Nuclear Construction Site Tour In 2009, South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (SCE&G) began preconstruction of two 1,117-megawatt Westinghouse AP1000 reactors at V.C. Summer Nuclear Station in Fairfield County, S.C. Tour participants will see firsthand the impressive scope and scale of building a new reactor, including a massive crane with a 560-foot tall boom that will make lifts at V.C. Summer weighing nearly 2,000 tons.

Note: This tour group will meet with the University of South Carolina (USC) Engineering tour group for lunch and will participate in the USC tour in the afternoon.



Conference Journal

Special Events

A selected set of papers that are presented at IYNC2012 will be published in the conference journal Energy Conversion and Management.

Sunday, 5 August The IYNC Games, 1-4 p.m. Providence Promenade An IYNC tradition, these games are used to jump-start your networking in a relaxed and fun environment. Participation is optional, but everyone is encouraged to enjoy active games with an American twist.

Guest Editor: Sümer Sahin, Energy Conversion and Management, Turkey Guest Reviewers: Antonio Lafuente, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA Landon Kanner, ANSYS, USA Eugene Schwageraus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Opening Reception at the Mint Museum, 6-9 p.m. Kick off IYNC2012 in style. Participants will get the opportunity to meet with other NAYGN and IYNC members from across the world. The event will be held at the Mint Museum Uptown, located in the heart of Charlotte’s burgeoning uptown. This event’s dress code is business casual. For international attendees, this is equivalent to informal dress attire. Please no denim or suits.

Technical Program Awards The Technical Program Committee will grant the following awards during the Awards and Closure Session of the IYNC2012 conference: • Best Summary • Best Oral Presentation • Best Poster

Note: This event is a few blocks from the hotel. Please meet in the Westin lobby at 5:45 p.m. to walk over to the event. For security purposes, only participants with their conference badges will be allowed into the event.

Monday, 6 August Public Information Day The teacher workshop will prepare attendees to teach radiation basics, radiation detection techniques, and the uses of nuclear science and technology in society. Teachers will also have the opportunity to explore career options within the nuclear realm.

Cultural Event: A Taste of the American South, 5:30 p.m. Treat your taste buds to a unique culinary experience that will feature both food and drinks from the area. This is a casual networking event, so casual dress is acceptable, but don’t forget your business cards! Note: This event is located outside of the hotel. Roundtrip transportation will be provided. Buses will load at 5:30 p.m. from the hotel lobby. For security purposes, only participants with their conference badges and event tickets will be allowed onto the buses and into the event

Teachers will participate in hands-on activities and receive a number of supplementary resources to bring back to their classrooms. Steve Harris, Savanah River National Laboratory, USA Public Information Day Chairs IYNC2012

Wednesday, 8 August IYNC Board of Directors Meeting, 6-9 p.m., Grand Ballroom The International Meeting of the Board of Directors of the IYNC will be held on Wednesday, Aug. 8 in the Westin Charlotte.

Thursday, 9 August Farewell Dinner, 6-10 p.m. The Westin Charlotte Conference participants will have the opportunity to formally say good-bye to their fellow IYNC and NAYGN members over a formal sit-down dinner. Participants are encouraged to dress in formal attire and wear dancing shoes for this event. For security purposes, only participants with their conference badges and event tickets will be allowed into the event.

Saturday, 11 August Optional Saturday Cultural Event, 10 a.m.-5 p.m. U.S. National Whitewater Center Note this is an additional charge: $75 per person North Carolina offers hundreds of attractions for entertainment, but there is nothing like the adventure of the U.S. National Whitewater Center. The USNWC is the best place for family and friends to play outdoors and have fun. Home to the world’s largest man-made whitewater river and with many different water and land activities, the USNWC is Charlotte’s ultimate playground. Make sure to wear clothes that you can be active in as well as get dirty or wet. Secure footwear is required for activities such as whitewater rafting. (Flip-flops are not permitted.) The additional price per participant includes an AllSport daily pass at the National Whitewater Center and round trip transportation from the Westin. Note: This event is located outside of the hotel. Roundtrip transportation will be provided. Buses will load at 9:45 a.m. and leave promptly at 10 a.m. For security purposes, only participants with their badges who preregistered will be allowed onto the buses and into the event.

NAYGN Local and Regional Leads Meeting, 6-9 p.m., Grand Ballroom All NAYGN members involved with local chapter and regional leadership are invited to attend. In addition to covering selected topics, the Knowledge Transfer & Retention Committee will discuss their recent survey results.



Information for Your Stay in Charlotte

Important Conference Information INTERNET ACCESS



Complimentary high-speed Internet access is available in the lobby, lobby bar, Starbucks, Ember Grille and other public areas of the hotel. Wireless high-speed Internet access is available for $12.95 per day in guest rooms.

The registration desk is open to answer any questions regarding the practical organization of the conference. Registration will be open at noon on Aug. 5, 2012, and at 7 a.m. each day thereafter. Emergency Phone Numbers • In the hotel, dial 0 to be connected to the hotel operator. They will assist you with your emergency. • Outside the hotel, dial 911 to be connected to policy, fire or ambulance services.

Charlotte is in Eastern Standard Time, USA (-4hrs Greenwich Mean Time)

DRESS CODE Business casual attire is recommended for the daytime sessions. For international attendees, this is equivalent to informal dress attire. Formalwear (and dancing shoes!) is suggested for the Congress Farewell Dinner. For clarity, this is suit and tie for the gentlemen and equivalent for ladies (party frock!). During the technical tours, safety is key. Therefore the following is advised: • Proper clothing and footwear are required to attend any of the technical tours. Participants should dress appropriately on the day of the tour or run the risk of being denied access to the facility. • You should wear shoes or boots that have hard, flat soles and substantial uppers with both closed toes and closed heels. Comfortable walking shoes or leather sneakers are recommended. No clogs, high heels, sandals, crocs or any variation are permitted. • Long pants are required. No skirts, capri pants, shorts, dresses or kilts are permitted. • No sleeveless or tank-top shirts are permitted.

CURRENCY The currency of the United States is the dollar and cent.

WI-FI Many coffee shops and locations offer free Wi-Fi service in Charlotte.

SMOKING PARKING The Westin Charlotte has a large parking structure attached to the main building. Self-parking is available for $18 per day and valet is available for $25 per day.

Smoking is not permitted anywhere inside the Westin, including the guest rooms. Smoking is not permitted inside any public areas in the city. Please look for designated smoking sections.

AGE RESTRICTIONS TRANSPORT Taxi cabs are readily available at the Charlotte-Douglas International Airport. The 7.3-mile ride should cost $30 and take 13 minutes to arrive at The Westin Charlotte. The hotel concierge can help make return trip reservations. Transport to the evening cultural event on Monday, Aug. 6, the technical tours and the Saturday optional event will be available for participants who have indicated participation on their registration. All buses will depart from the Stonewall Street exit in the lobby of The Westin Charlotte.

The drinking age in the U.S. is 21. The age to buy tobacco products is 18.

TIPPING Tipping is customary in the U.S. for cab rides and meals. Ten to 15 percent is expected and 20 percent is for exceptional service. Gratuity may be automatically added onto meals with large parties, so be sure to check your bill first.

LOCAL TRANSPORT Please note that participants will need to arrange their own airport transfers from their hotels. Contact the front desk for your travel needs.

Please note the tour will take place come rain or shine. It can be windy, hot and/or raining on the day of the tour.


As appropriate, you will be provided hardhats, safety glasses and earplugs once you arrive at the facility. If issued, these must be worn until the tour is complete.

CVS Pharmacy – Located in the Epicenter at 210 East Trade Street – 3 blocks from the Westin Charlotte Hospital – Carolinas Medical Center– 1100 Blythe Blvd. – 2 miles from the Westin Charlotte



As a participant, you must wear your conference badge through all the events (daytime and evening). In some cases, it will act as your entrance ticket to the evening events.

The Westin Charlotte will exchange currency for U.S. dollars in their executive office on the third floor.


Long-distance calls can be direct dialed by using the appropriate country code (91 for the U.S.) AT&T, Verizon and Sprint all make calling long distance relatively easy, but you may find the local access number blocked in many hotel rooms. A way around this problem is to ask the hotel operator to connect you to the access number.

At the time of registering for IYNC2012, you will have had the opportunity to customize your conference schedule. This customized schedule will be given to you when you pick up your registration materials. Additional guest tickets for the evening special events and Saturday cultural tours may still be available. Check with the registration desk if you would like to purchase a ticket for these activities.



Charlotte’s Got A Lot! MAP OF CHARLOTTE

S. College St.





8th St.

15 16 N. College St.

24 21


LYNX Light Rail


11th St.

9th St.

8th St.

7th St.

N. Brevard St. 6th St.

4th St.


N. Caldwell St.

16 Spirit Square

301 S. Tryon Street

345 N. Tryon Street

2 The Green 435 S. Tryon Street

9 “The Square”

17 Transamerica Square

Intersection of Trade and Tryon Streets

401 N. Tryon Street

3 Harvey B. Gantt Center for African-

10 First Presbyterian Church

18 Patricia McBride and Jean-Pierre

American Arts + Culture 551 S. Tryon Street

200 W. Trade Street

Bonnefoux Center for Dance 701 N. Tryon Street

11 Settlers' Cemetery

19 McColl Center for Visual Art

12 Fourth Ward

721 N. Tryon Street

430 S. Tryon Street



N. Tryon St.

8 The Plaza

5 Bechtler Museum of Modern Art



1 NASCAR Hall of Fame 400 E. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard

500 S. Tryon Street


10th St.


S. Caldwell St.

4 Mint Museum Uptown


9th St.

7th St.



3rd St.


6th St.

To Johnson & Wales University


S. Brevard St.

For those with extended holidays, consider traveling to: Atlanta (four hours away) – Atlanta Zoo, Atlanta Braves (professional baseball team), shopping Charleston (three hours away) – beaches, golf, Naval ships, shopping Asheville (two hours away) – Biltmore Estate, Blue Ridge Parkway (scenic drive), hiking, Grove Park Inn




Mint Museum


W. Trade St.

7 S. Tryon St.

E. Trade St.

Charlotte has grown rapidly the past two decades and is similar in size to Valencia, Spain; Athens, Greece; and Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Stonewall St.



5th St.






4th St.



Poplar Street

N. Church St.

S. Church St.

Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.


The Carolina Panthers of the NFL and the Charlotte Bobcats of the NBA are professional American sports teams that play in Uptown Charlotte. Minor league baseball and hockey teams also call the Queen City home.

3rd St.

Levine Avenue of the Arts

To Bank of America Stadium

Charlotte has long been known as the second-largest financial center (only behind New York City) in the U.S., hosting Bank of America, Wells Fargo, and Ally among other banking institutions.

Charlotte (and Surrounding) Activities: Bechtler Museum of Modern Art Carowinds (amusement park) Charlotte Motor Speedway Crowder’s Mountain South Park Shopping Mall U.S. National Whitewater Center Vineyards

A schematic layout of the venue is presented on the last page of this booklet for your benefit.

This self-guided walking tour of Uptown Charlotte includes sites of historical, artistic, architectural and entertainment interests.


Charlotte, N.C., has recently been recognized as the energy capital of the United States. Several nuclear companies have opened offices in the Queen City, and more than 240 companies directly related to the energy sector reside here. Charlotte has two nuclear power plants within 30 miles, Catawba and McGuire Nuclear Stations, owned by Duke Energy Corporation.

and “The Firebird” 420 S. Tryon Street

13 The Dunhill Hotel

6 Visitor Info Center

14 Discovery Place

330 S. Tryon Street, Suite 100

301 N. Tryon Street

7 Latta Arcade 210 E. Trade Street

15 Public Library of Charlotte &

20 Levine Museum of the New South 200 E. 7th Street

237 N. Tryon Street

21 7th Street Station Parallel along the LYNX Light Rail track between 6th and 7th

22 ImaginOn: The Joe and Joan Martin Center 300 E. 7th Street

Mecklenburg County 310 N. Tryon Street


23 Time Warner Cable Arena 333 E. Trade Street 24 EpiCentre 201 E. Trade Street 25 The Westin Charlotte 601 S. College Street

Technical Track Oral Presentations Track 1: Strategic Planning & Professional Development Track Chair: Steve Ward, Center of Nuclear Infrastructure Development, USA

1.1 Wednesday 8-9:30 a.m. • It Takes A Village Amy Buu Keller, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA • Communicating in a Global Industry: An International Network for Nuclear Professionals Jamie William Townes, World Nuclear Association, UK

• Solution for inspection of spent fuel storage tanks Jean Alinat, Comex Nucléaire/ONET Technologies, France • Digital Instrumentation and Control Upgrades at Koeberg Nuclear Power Station Darren Bissell, Eskom, South Africa • MRP-227 License Renewal Activities at R.E. Ginna Nuclear Power Plant Robert Marcello, Jay Wells, CENG LLC, USA

2.2 Monday 3:30-5 p.m. • Fast-Tracking Your Career Through Networking Steven Lee Ward, Center for Nuclear Infrastructure Development, USA

• Oil Removal from OPAL's Heavy Water Circuit Simon David Breslin, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Australia

• Selecting and Developing Effective First-Line Supervisors in the Nuclear Power Industry Ben Fearing, Brian Juncker, Mary Jo Rogers, Strategic Talent Solutions, USA

• Analysis of Human-Related Events for Domestic Nuclear Power Plants using a Root Cause Analysis Method Ji-Tae Kim, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Republic of Korea (South Korea)

1.2 Wednesday 1-2:30 p.m.

• Analysis of an Operator’s Action to Enhance the Safety of an Advanced Nuclear Power Plant Sang Hee Kang, Ho Rim Moon, Dae Hun Kim, Korea Hydraulic Nuclear Power Co.,Ltd, Republic of Korea (South Korea)

• Challenges in Developing New Nuclear Projects - Cernavoda NPP Units 3&4 Project Ionut Zaharov, Andrei Goicea, Emil Macovei, S.N. Nuclearelectrica, Romania • Understanding Guardianship Nathan Robert Romine, Siemens, USA

• Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant New Safe Confinement Petro Brytan, SIP PMU ChNPP, Ukraine

2.3 Tuesday 8-9:30 a.m. • EDF's construction of new Nuclear Power Plants in the UK Juan Alberto Gonzalez1,2, 1IYNC, France; 2EDF, France

• Euryhaline Hydroid's (Cordylophora Caspia) Influence in TVO's Nuclear Power Plant Function Saku Näyrä, Teollisuuden Voima Oyj, Finland

Track 2: Plant Design, Construction, Operation, Maintenance & Decommissioning Track Chair: Daniel Gregory, Health and Safety Executive, Office of Nuclear Regulation, UK

• A Survey of Boiling Water Reactor Jet Pump Operating and Degradation Data Matthew O'Connor, Electric Power Research Institute, USA

2.1 Monday 1:30-3 p.m.

• Corrosion Effect on Belleville Washers on Main Steam Safety Valves at Koeberg Nuclear Power Station Astrid Kim Gordon, Eskom, South Africa

• Total Refurbishment of the Cofrentes NPP Cooling Towers Rafael Rubio Montaña1, Ángel Peinado Pérez2, Jesús Prieto Urbano2, 1Iberdrola, Spain; 2Iberdrola Ingeniería y Construcción, Spain

• FME Zone Fortification Through the Coaction of Process Controls and RFID Tagging Sarfraz M. Taj, Exelon Generation, USA


2.4 Tuesday 10-11:30 a.m. • Hidden Failures in Float Switches Timothy Rownes, Janet Baird, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Australia • Solving the Need for Internal Inspection Through NDE David Bryant Scott, Electric Power Research Institute, USA • Analysis of Weld Overlay for Non-Axisymmetric Pressurizer Safety and Relief Valve Nozzle Duho Hong, Jongin Kim, Haksung Lee, Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction, Republic of Korea (South Korea) • Reflections on a Digital Upgrade Ryan Patrick Nash, AREVA Inc., USA

2.5 Wednesday 8-9:30 a.m. • Structural Evaluation of Reactor Operated in Elevated Temperature Condition Seung-bum Ryu1, Jung-hun Lee1, Gyeong-hoi Koo2, 1Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Co. Ltd., Republic of Korea (South Korea); 2Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Republic of Korea (South Korea) • Nuclear Construction: Challenges of Design and Safe Build-Out to Maintain Construct and Operating License Aric Randolph Cowne, URENCO Inc., USA • E.ON’s Involvement in the Completion of the Basic Design of the KERENA™ Boiling Water Reactor Alberto Foronda Delgado, E.ON Kernkraft GmbH, Germany

• Sphere-pac Fuels for the Transmutation of Actinide Waste in Fast Reactors Pieter Ralph Hania1, Elio d'Agata2, 1Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, Netherlands; 2European Joint Research Center-Institute of Energy and Transport, Netherlands • MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility: Construction of a Proven Design for the Safe Disposition of Surplus Nuclear Weapons Peter James Henry, Shaw AREVA MOX Services, LLC, USA

3.2 Wednesday 8-9:30am • Investigation and Management of the Integrity of Intermediate Level Waste Packages During Long-Term Interim Surface Storage Alexandra Charlotte McHugh, Sellafield Ltd, UK • Needs for Extending Dry Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel Keith Waldrop, John Kessler, Electric Power Research Institute, USA • Product Quality Control of Intermediate Level Vitrified Nuclear Waste from Radioactive Rinsing Solutions From the Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuel Marc Weidenfeld1, Holger Tietze-Jaensch1, Dirk Bosbach1, Stefan Steyer2, 1Research Center Jülich GmbH, Germany; 2Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Germany • Experimental Tests Using a Sequential Separation Procedure for Actinide Determination in Liquid Samples Ruxandra Cristina Toma1, Cristian Dulama2, Ilie Prisecaru1, 1University Politehnica Bucharest, Romania; 2Institute for Nuclear Research, Romania

3.3 Wednesday 1-2:30 p.m. • Importance of the Procurement Engineer in Project Design, Construction and Operation Derek Alan Grant, URENCO Inc., USA

• Seismic Monitoring of the Planned Repository Site for Spent Nuclear Fuel at Olkiluoto, Finland Marianne Malm, Jouni Saari, ÅF-Consult Oy, Finland

Track 3: Nuclear Fuel Cycle & Waste Management Track Chair: M. Alex Brown, Oregon State University, USA

• Exposure Evaluation for the Clean-up Activities of the Technological Spaces at the Romanian VVR-S Research Reactor Alexandru Octavian Pavelescu, Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), Romania

3.1 Monday 1:30-3 p.m. • Chemical Analysis of Fission Products Issued From Reprocessing of a Uranium Molybdenum Alloy Nuclear Fuel Khalil Abbas Ghaleb, Alain Vian, AREVA, France • Burn Up Measurement in La Hague Facility Benjamin Drazek, Philippe Doumerc, AREVA, France

• New Detector, Based on Boron 10 Coated Proportional Counters Fatima M'Rabet, Onectra, France • Priorities to Support Decision-Making for the Pursuit of Advanced Fuel Cycle Technology Development Andrew G. Sowder, Albert J. Machiels, John H. Kessler, Electric Power Research Institute, USA


Track 4: Nuclear Politics, Economics & Human Resources Track Chair: Jonathan Scott, Atkins, UK

• Techno Economic Analysis of the 100MWth (35MWe) Thorium Nuclear Power Plant Yvotte Brits, STL, South Africa

4.1 Monday 1:30-3 p.m.

• Revenue Management through Alternate Operation Strategy at Nine Mile Point Unit 2 Tae Wook Ahn, CENG LLC, USA

• Political Activism: Let Our Voices Be Heard Brittany Vegso, AREVA, USA • Public Opinion in Europe after Fukushima Daphné Charleton, Mark O'Donovan, Tellervo Taipale, FORATOM, Belgium • The International Non-Proliferation Regime: The Dual-Use Problem and Nuclear Trade Tom Coppen, Utrecht University, Netherlands • Megatons to Development Program Enrico Mainardi, AnsaldoNucleare S.p.A., Italy

4.2 Monday 3:30-5 p.m. • Generic Fundamentals Online Study Application Allen John Murrow, Exelon Nuclear - Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station, USA • Evaluation of Human Resource Needs for Anticipated Nuclear Power Plant Construction and Operations Yongsu Kim1, Skye Anderson2, Akira Tokuhiro3, 1Center for Advanced Energy Studies, USA; 2University of Idaho, USA; 3CAES & UI, USA

4.4 Tuesday 10-11:30 a.m. • Developments in the Introduction of Nuclear Power Miriam Ji Hyun Kim Park, Alexey Katukhov, International Atomic Energy Agency, Austria • Water Desalination: The Role of Nuclear Power and an Examination of the Suitability of Thorium Applications Shaun Saldanha, AMEC NSS, Canada • Nuclear Technology in Nigeria: Profitable Today Competitive Tomorrow Stephen O. Ariyo Dahunsi, Nigeria Atomic Energy Commission, Nigeria • Problems and Prospects of Nuclear Energy in India Akansh Choudhary, Indian School of Mines, India Track 5: Nuclear Safety, Radiation Protection and Shielding Track Chair: Jian Tao Jiang, Bruce Power, Canada

5.2 Monday 3:30-5 p.m. • The Post-Fukushima Accident Lessons Learned in Terms of Risk Communication Matthew Cromwell, Dan Anders, Donna Baek, Jason Colpetzer, Ryan Bezzant, Ryan Fruth, Toni Gutknecht, Anne McCartin, Paul Nardone, Brain Noury, University of Idaho, USA • Radiological Environmental Monitoring at South African Nuclear Energy Corporation Nonkululeko Fionah Khathi, South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), South Africa • What is Behind the EU Stress Test – How Safe Are German Nuclear Power Plants? Thorsten Kues, RWE Power AG, Germany • Post-Fukushima Focus on Fire Protection Shobhit Shanker, Malcolm Rawlingson, AMEC NSS, Canada

5.3 Tuesday 8-9:30 a.m. • Application of a High-Sensitivity Neutron Detector Using a Wavelength Shifting Fiber to Subcriticality Measurements Takahiro Yagi, Cheol Ho Pyeon, Tsuyoshi Misawa, Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, Japan • Transportation Safety Assessment for the Shipment of U.S.Origin Spent Fuel from Necsa Site to Richards Bay Harbour Dipuo Olga Mphahlele, Harry Swart, South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), South Africa

5.1 Monday 1:30-3 p.m. • Nuclear Workforce Development: A Case Study of Certified Nuclear Engineering Professional (CNEP) Pushya Mitra Singamaneni, Ramesh Vuttukur, PM DIMENSIONS, India • Qualification and Certification Concept for Maintenance Personnel in Reactor Services Nina Müller, Thomas Kumpf, AREVA, Germany

4.3 Tuesday 8-9:30 a.m. • Economic Assessment of Fuel Management Strategies for Koeberg Nuclear Power Plant Ruan Steyn, Eskom, South Africa • Used Nuclear Fuel Storage Location System Modeling for Economic Policy Analysis Samuel Brinton, Mujid Kazimi, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

• Assessment of the Influence of Thermo-Chemical Phenomena on the Heat Fluxes into the RPV during In-Vessel Melt Retention Patrick Levi, Manfred Fischer, AREVA, Germany • Estimation of Thermal Characteristics of a Fusion Reactor Following an Accident Rizwan Ahmed, Jeongtae Cho, Myoung-Suk Kang, Gyunyoung Heo, Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea (South Korea) • Evaluation of the Shielding Ability of a Special Concrete Mixture for Slow, Epithermal and Fast Neutrons Mabuti Jacob Radebe, Frikkie De Beer, Tankiso Modise, Mokgobi Ramushu, South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), South Africa • Criticality Safety Assessment for Uranium Residue in a Facility Muhammad Ridwanulqadri Akbar, South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), South Africa


• New Shielding Doors to Access to the Blind Flange of the Inclined Fuel Transfer System Rafael Rubio Montaña1, Javier Fernández Cortes2, Baltasar Rodríguez Quesada1, 1Iberdrola, Spain; 2Iberdrola Ingeniería y Construcción, Spain • Lead with High Content of 208Pb-isotope: Upgrade of Fast Reactor Safety Evgeny Gennadevich Kulikov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich Apse, Anton Aleksandrovich Chekin, Gennady Genrihovich Kulikov, Anatoly Nikolaevich Shmelev, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Russia

• A New Analysis of the Large-Scale Fuel-Sodium Interaction in the FARO-TERMOS Experiment with the SIMMER-III Code Alix Le Belguet1, Thierry Jeanne1, Christophe Journeau1, Françoise Bataille2, 1CEA, DEN, STRI, LMA, Cadarache, France; 2PROMES-UPR CNRS, France • Vertical and Spatial Distribution of Radionuclides in Inter-Tidal Environments: Sellafield Discharge Since 1952 Jamie Steel1, Ian Croudace2, Mark Wenman1, 1Imperial College London, UK; 2University of Southampton, UK • Evaluation of Atmosphere Dispersion Model for PSA Level-3 Stage Analysis JongKuk Lee1, SangChul Lee1, YoonHee Lee1, KunJai Lee1, ByeongSoo Kim2, MinChul Song2, SeungYoung Joung2, 1KAIST, Republic of Korea (South Korea); 2Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Republic of Korea (South Korea) Track 6: Advanced Nuclear Systems Track Chair: Takanori Sugawara, JAEA, Japan

6.1 Wednesday 8-9:30 a.m. • Development of a Core Management Tool for MYRRHA David Jaluvka1, Gert Van den Eynde1, Stefan Vandewalle2, 1Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Belgium; 2Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium • Investigation of Pu-burner Accelerator-Driven System With Burnable Poison Takanori Sugawara, Kenji Nishihara, Kazufumi Tsujimoto, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan • 233U Production and Recycling in Thorium-Based Fuels in Pressurized Water Reactors Vanessa Vallet1, Bernard Gastaldi1, Alain Santamarina1, Monika Chhor2, 1CEA, France; 2AREVA, France • Potential of Sustainability and Renewability of Nuclear Technology Coupled with Reduced Nuclear Waste for Clean Energy Production Sümer Sahin, ATILIM University, Turkey

5.4 Tuesday 10-11:30 a.m. • Securing Safety Richard Balvers, NRG, Netherlands


Track 7: Radiation Science, Medical Applications & Non Base-load Nuclear Applications Track Chair: Pedro Teles, ITN, Portugal 7.1 Wednesday 1-2:30 p.m. • Towards Automatic Detection of Infested Oranges Using Computed Tomography Imaging Robert Bellarmin Nshimirimana1, Frikkie de Beer1, Wayne Kirkman2, 1Necsa, South Africa; 2Citrus Research International, South Africa

• Stability Analysis of Ghana Research Reactor-1 (GHARR-1) Richard Della1, Erwin Alhassan2, Nana Ansah Adoo1, Christopher Yaw Bansah1, Benjamin J. B. Nyarko1, Edward H. K. Akaho1, 1National Nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Ghana; 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Sweden Track 9: Thermal Hydraulics & Fluids Track Chair: Elia Merzari, Argonne National Laboratory, USA

9.1 Monday 3:30-5 p.m. • Depth Assessment of Sediments from Wonderfonteinspruit Catchment Area Itumeleng Ramatlhape1, Arnaud Faanhof2, Deon Kotze1, 1South African Nuclear Energy Corporation, South Africa; 2North-West University (Mafikeng Campus), South Africa • Thyroid Monitoring Uncertainty Assessment Using Voxel Phantoms Joana Bento1, Pedro Teles1, Pedro Vaz1, Maria Zankl2, 1Instituto Tecnológico e Nuclear, Portugal; 2Helmholtz Zentrum München, Germany Track 8: Reactor Physics Track Chair: Bart Sjenitzer, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands

• Analyzing the Response of an In-Containment Refueling Water Storage Tank During a Design Basis Accident With GOTHIC Felix Meissner, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA • Resequencing Primary Pump Startup Order to Minimize Quadrant Power Tilts in B&W Reactors Nicolas Walter Hernandez, Duke Energy Corporation, USA • Thermal Hydraulic Simulation of PHT Pump Gland Seal Using 3KeyMaster Flowbase Tool Jian Tao Jiang, Bruce Power, Canada • Transient Hydraulic and Structural Analyses of a Nuclear Plant Feedwater System Travis Brown, Laurene Dobrowolski, Amol Limaye, MPR Associates, USA

9.3 Tuesday 10-11:30 a.m. • Improvement of Steam Separator in Boiling Water Reactors Jan Peter Schaefer, Ingo Cremer, Maik Lorenz, AREVA, Germany • Advanced Thermal Hydraulic Test Methods for Commercial Nuclear Fuel Design Carrie A. Copenhafer, Roger Y. Lu, Michael E. Conner, L. David Smith, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA

• A New Formulation for Self-Shielding Factors Using the Asymptotic Expansion of the Integral Exponential Function Daniel Artur Pinheiro Palma1, Alessandro Cruz Gonçalves2, Amir Zacarias Mesquita3, Aquilino Senra Martinez2, 1Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission – CNEN, Brazil; 2Nuclear Energy Program – PEN/COPPE, Brazil; 3Nuclear Technology Development Center – CDTN/CNEN, Brazil • Measurements of the (n, 2n) Reaction Cross Section for 181Ta and 64Zn from 8 MeV to 14.5 MeV Chitra Bhatia1,2, Mathew Gooden2,3, Werner Tornow1,2, 1Duke University USA; 2Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, USA; 3North Carolina State University, USA

9.2 Tuesday 8-9:30 a.m. • Experimental Study on the Pool Boiling CHF Enhancement Using Magnetite-Water Nanofluid Jong Hyuk Lee1, Taeseung Lee1, Yong Hoon Jeong1,2, 1KAIST, Republic of Korea (South Korea); 2KUSTAR, UAE • Effects of Nanoparticle Deposition Kinetics on the Flow Boiling CHF Characteristics of Nanofluid Jong Hyuk Lee1, Taeseung Lee1, Yong Hoon Jeong1,2, 1KAIST, Republic of Korea (South Korea); 2KUSTAR, UAE • Experimental Investigation of Flow Boiling Heat Transfer on Optically Transparent ITO-Surfaces and Capillary Tubes Clemens Schneider, Rainer Hampel, University of Applied Sciences Zittau/Goerlitz, Germany • Study of Undeveloped Boiling Process on Single Tube Model in Case of Steam Condensation Inside Tube Andrei V. Morozov, Dmitry S. Kalyakin, Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Russia


• Mitigation of Hydrogen Accumulation in ESBWR Passive Safety Systems John Gels, Jesus Diaz-Quiroz, John Burns, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy, USA

• Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Gas-Cooled Reactors With Annular Fuel Rods KyuHyun Han, KINS, Republic of Korea (South Korea)

10.3 Tuesday 10-11:30 a.m.

• 3-Dimensional Analysis of Diesel Generator Room Heatup Adam Ross Bingham, Duke Energy Corporation, USA

• Measurements Within Reactor Vessels Using Innovative Laser Technology Kate Gresh, Ron DiSabatino, Exelon Generation, USA

Track 10: Materials Science & Technology Track Chair: Tuan L. Hoang, University of California-Berkeley, USA

• Finite Element Modelling of Magnetic Bias Eddy Current Probes for Steam Generator Inspections Jia Lei, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Canada

10.1 Monday 3:30-5 p.m.

• Actinide Laboratory Jessica Bruin, Frodo Klaassen, Ralph Hania, Steven Knol, NRG, Netherlands

• Plutonium Interactions with Iron Oxide Minerals: Investigation into Reduction Mechanisms Hilary Palmer Emerson, Clemson University, USA • Fluoride Removal in a Fluidized Bed Reactor David Amaraggi, AREVA, France

8.1 Monday 1:30-3 p.m. • Impact of Relative Power Density Shift on RCS Cobalt-58 Brian Michael Waite1, William H Buchanan2, Jason P Schaefer2, 1Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA; 2Constellation Energy Nuclear Group, USA

• Fuel Testing at Westinghouse Thermal-Hydraulics Laboratory in Västerås, Sweden Rasmus Karl Enlund, Fredrik Waldermarsson, Westinghouse Electric Sweden AB, Sweden

• Polonium Evaporation From Liquid Lead-based Spallation Targets Matthias Rizzi, Jörg Neuhausen, Robert Eichler, Dorothea Schumann, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland • Determination of Long-Lived Radionuclides in an LBE Target from ISOLDE Bernadette Hammer, Dorothea Schumann, Jörg Neuhausen, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland

10.2 Tuesday 8-9:30 a.m. • Radiochemical Analysis of the Radionuclide Inventory of SINQ-Target Samples Tobias Lorenz, Dorothea Schumann, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland • MD Simulation of (U0.8Pu0.2)O2 Mixed Oxide Alexander Kolokol, National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Russia

• The Influence of -rays and Thermal Neutron Irradiation on the Thermal Stability and Conductivity of Poly(Furan) Arzu Kabadayi, Volkan Yasakci, Yeliz Yildirim, EGE University, Turkey Track 11: Young Generation Unique Best Practices Track Chair: Michael J. Hope, Nuclear Fuel Service, USA

11.1 Wednesday 8-9:30 a.m. • Calvert County Chamber of Commerce and CCNPP James Casey Piatt, Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, USA • Education, Training and Career (ET&C) Platform of European Nuclear Society Emilia Janisz, Kirsten Epskamp, Andrei Ioan Goicea, European Nuclear Society, Belgium • Atoms for the Future Denis Janin, Anne-Isabelle Casset, Silvain Ikazaki, Guillaume Vaast, Boris Supiot, SFEN JG, France


IYNC2012 Congress Organizing Committee • Nuclear Turn-Around in Germany - Activities of the German YGN in these Challenging Days Yvonne Schmidt-Wohlfarth, Evelyn Werner, Thomas Winkler, Markus Zink, Kerntechnische Gesellschaft e.V.–Junge Generation, Germany

• Comparative Study on Retardation Behavior of Cs in Crushed and Intact Rocks: Two Potential Repository Host Rocks in the Taiwan Area Chuan-Pin Lee, Ming-Chee Wu, Tsuey-Lin Tsai, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, Republic of China

11.2 Wednesday 1-2:30 p.m.

• International Courses: The Choice of Flexibility to Satisfy the Most. Mathilde Catherine Moiron, François Foulon, Hervé Golfier, CEA, France

• Technical Excursion of the Swiss Nuclear Society Young Generation Group to the Chernobyl NPP Carsten Janning, Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt AG, Switzerland • The Seminar of Nuclear Safety in Advanced Reactors and the Seminar of Nuclear Fusion: Two Formative Initiatives from Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and Spanish Young Generation in Nuclear (Jóvenes Nucleares) Raquel Ochoa, Gonzalo Jiménez, Jóvenes Nucleares, Spain • 2011 Activities of Jóvenes Nucleares (Spanish Young Generation) Raquel Ochoa, Luis Yagüe, Jóvenes Nucleares, Spain • A Reactor in Your Own Backyard Sven Cornelis Baas, NRG, Netherlands Poster Session

Tuesday 5-6 p.m. • Strategic Planning for Developing Public Support for Nuclear Power in Developing Countries Steven Lee Ward, Center for Nuclear Infrastructure Development, USA • From Hired to Qualified to Expert: A Program for Developing Experts in Developing Countries Steven Lee Ward, Center for Nuclear Infrastructure Development, USA

• Consequences of the Fukushima Event for Swiss NPPs Carsten Janning, Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt AG, Switzerland • Comparison of Different Neutronics Analysis Technique for Accelerator-Driven System Naoto Aizawa, Fumito Kubo, Tomohiko Iwasaki, Tohoku University, Japan • Challenges in the Development of Advanced Reactors Piyush Sabharwall, Melissa Teague, Shannon-Bragg Sitton, Michael Patterson, Idaho National Laboratory, USA • MRP-227/228 Component Inspections for Plant Life Extension Jeremy Renshaw, Brad Thigpen, AREVA, USA • Engineering Oversight of Environmental Qualification Program Mayank Sood, AMEC NSS, Canada • Mechanics of Strategic Projects in Canadian Nuclear Industry Mayank Sood, AMEC NSS, Canada

Executive Committee General Co-Chair & IYNC Network President: Miguel Millan, Westinghouse Electric Company, Spain General Co-Chair: Craig Albers, Fluor Corporation, USA Local Co-Chair: Landon Kanner, ANSYS, USA Finance Chair: Melissa Crawford, Siemens, USA International Corporate Sponsorship Chair: Igor Vukovic, University of Zagreb, Croatia North American Corporate Sponsorship Chair: Christine Csizmadia, Nuclear Energy Institute, USA Professional Development Program Chair: Jimmy Hennen, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Public Relations Chair: Lavinia Rizea, SN NUCLEARELECTRICA, Romania Publications Chair: Amy Bird, Sellafield Ltd, UK Registration Chair: Elizabeth McAndrew-Benavides, Nuclear Energy Institute, USA Technical Program Chair: Wim Uyttenhove, SCK-CEN, Belgium Technical Tours Chairs: Ryan Boyle, Duke Energy Corporation, USA

Other Organizing Committee roles: Special Events Chair: Misha Swanson, CENG LLC, USA Ex-Com Coordinator: Robert Ashworth, MPR Associates, USA Promotional Items Chairs: Kristine Madden, NextEra Energy, USA Workshops Chair: Nicolas Anciaux, Westinghouse Electric Company, Belgium Technical Track Chair: Antonio Lafuente, LLNL, USA Plenary Session Chairs: Kristine Madden, NextEra Energy, USA Jimmy Hennen, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Erin West, Tennessee Valley Authority, USA Milo Alani, Westinghouse Electric Company, USA Logistics Chair: Arika Johnson, Nuclear Energy Institute, USA Student Chair: Sam Brinton, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA African Liaison: Nolasco Mlwilo, Tanzania Atomic Energy, Tanzania European Liaison: Igor Vukovic, University of Zagreb, Croatia Latin American Liaison: I. Sebastian Luppi Berlanga, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina Japan Liaison: Takamitsu Ishidera, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan North American Liaison: Jana Thames, Southern Company, USA

• ANAV/Westinghouse Spare Part Obsolescence Study Case Miguel Angel Millan1, Vicente Verdu1, Pablo Parra2, Faustino Acosta2, 1Westinghouse Electric Spain; 2Asociación Nuclear Ascó-Vandellos, Spain



Conference Floor Plans The Westin Charlotte Hotel Lobby Level

front desk


Bar 10



Shuttle bus


Ember Grille


service elevators gift shop

main entry

meeting space elevators

I Providence Promenade


Morehead Room

Independence Room

Trade Room

N Tryon Room S


Queens Kings Room Room College Room


Harris Room


Stonewall Room


Sharon Room open to lobby



parking center

Level Two

Providence Ballroom II


hotel access


Park Room






Grand Ballroom C

D elevators




meeting space elevators

trolley station

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