The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte Influences from the American Revolution

Name _____________________________________________ Date ________________ The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte Influences fro...
1 downloads 0 Views 343KB Size
Name _____________________________________________ Date ________________

The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte Influences from the American Revolution  Colonists, borrowing ideas from ____________________________, decided to rebel against the British government.  They protested: 1.

_____________________________ (put in place by the English King)

2. 3. 

Wrote the __________________________________________ in 1776

 _________________________ were inspired and volunteered to fight (ex. The Marquis de Lafayette)

France and the American Revolution  King Louis XVI agreed to help the ___________ in order to get back at the British for winning the ____________________ (The French and Indian War) in the colonies.  France sent __________________ soldiers and _______________ sailors to help the colonists in the war.  French warships help force the ___________________________ at Yorktown. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION INSPIRED THE FRENCH TO FIGHT ___________________________ (UNJUST USE OF POWER)!!!

Causes of the French Revolution  Unfair Social Divisions (The Three Estates): 1. First Estate: ________________________________ 1% of the population, own 15% of land – __________________________

Name _____________________________________________ Date ________________

The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte 2. Second Estate :________________________________ 2% of population, own 25% of land – _____________________ 3. Third Estate – divided into two groups – ____________________________________________________________ ___________________________(80% of the population) – owned 60% of land, ____________________________________  __________________________ – the Third Estate paid _________ of the taxes  __________________________ 1. From wars against __________________ and the luxurious lifestyle of the __________________ 2. _____________ refused to lend the king more money  Prices of the ________________________ were going up 1. ___________________, a staple in the French diet, costs over half of an individual’s salary 2. Poor _______________________ cause bread prices to soar 3. Bread _______________

Calling the Estates Together  King calls for the ____________________________________ to meet in 1789.  First and Second Estate ______________________________. 

Each Estate had ________ vote. The first and second estate would always vote together and create a 2-1 vote over the ___________________. The third estate wants for every ________________________ to have the right to vote.

 Third Estate gets ____________________ of the meeting – meet on a nearby Tennis Court:

Name _____________________________________________ Date ________________

The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte 

_______________________________ – promise to make a new ___________________



Third Estate became the ______________________________

The Fall of the Bastille: __________________, ________________, _________________  King Louis XVI began gathering troops.  Revolution began – people stormed the _________________ (French prison)to get ___________________.  ______________________ break out around the countryside and ________________ began attacking the homes of the _________________.  National Assembly adopts the __________________________________________________________________ (Written by Marquis de Lafayette) 

Stated basic _______________



Government gets ____________________ from the _______________________ not the king



Made France a ____________________________________ (1791)

Struggle for Power  National Assembly declares war on ____________________ and ________________ (hoping to unify the French people).  France loses – ___________________ take over the government and named it the ____________________________

Name _____________________________________________ Date ________________

The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte  The radicals (Mountain) put the king on _____________________ and ______________________ him in January 1793.  Another war in 1793 – all the European countries declare ____________ on France to ________________________________________________________.

Reign of Terror  Committee of Public Safety formed to _________________________________________________________ ________.  Headed by ______________________________________________.  Used the ____________________________ to execute anyone that disagreed with the revolution: 1. 2. 3.  Estimated ________________ killed by the Guillotine (includes Marie Antoinette)

End of a Revolution  Reign of Terror ends with the ______________________of _______________________.  Five person council __________________________ set up to run the country – very weak.

Napoleon Bonaparte  Popular ______________________________ takes power in __________________________ (1799)  Names himself ___________________________________________ (1804)

Name _____________________________________________ Date ________________

The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte 

Created a ________________________________________ based on the Enlightenment



Restored the _______________________________, but reduced its the ______________________



Increased ________________ and ___________________ of French people



_______________________ most of Europe



Set up a national ______________________________



Ended _____________________________ corruption



Created public ______________________ system

 __________________________________________ – Napoleon began ________________________________ and ____________________ all of the countries to the east and west of France in Europe.  By 1812, all of Europe is conquered EXCEPT for _____________________ and ______________________.  Legacy = ______________________________

Nationalism  Nationalism is the _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ ______________________  American and French Revolutions inspired loyalty to a _________________________________________________ ___________  Encouraged ______________________ in Latin America  Encouraged _________________________________ in Europe

Name _____________________________________________ Date ________________

The French Revolution and the Influence of Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon’s Empire Pros:  Legal _______________ for citizens  Tolerance for ________________________________  Right to ____________________________________ Cons:  Had to pay _______________________ to France  Required to send ________________________ to Napoleon’s army  Had to ____________________________________ to Napoleon and France

Napoleon’s Downfall  Beginning in 1812, Napoleon made three mistakes: 1. Tried to _________________________…in winter – failed miserably. 2. Tried to block all European ______________________ with the _________________________. 3. Lost the _______________________________________ with Spain.  In 1814, Napoleon ____________________ the throne and is ___________________ to Elba.  He escapes, gathers supporters in the ________________________________, attacked the British to regain ____________________. The British capture him and exile him to St. Helena.