The Carriage g of Dangerous g Goods by Road Regulations
What is ADR? •ADR is the acronym given to The European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, which was made at Geneva in 1957 by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, and amended April 1985. •It is updated every two years
What is ADR? •What What does it do?
•Is it relevant to me in Ireland?
•Sets standards on how dangerous g goods should be packed, into which container and how they are transported •The European Communities (Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment) Regulations (S.I. No. 349 of 2011) enforce ADR 2011 in Ireland. These regulations are based on the provisions outlined in the ADR p Annexes
What is ADR? •Who is the competent authority th it ffor ADR?
•The Health and Safety Authority
•But ut I don’t do t d drive e a van a o or carry dangerous goods by y road,, that’s SRCL’s job!
•Everyone in the chain of custody in linked until it is legally disposed of
Chain of Custody (Infectious Waste e example) ample) Waste Producer
Packer / Filler
The Carriage of Dangerous Goods by R d Regulations Road R l ti apply l to t YOU
•The CDGR regulations are not limited to the van driver or waste collector •For F example l •The packer must ensure that they are using the appropriately i t l approved d container t i •The consignor should ensure that the waste collector has the appropriate waste collection permits, drivers Hazchem licence etc. & is responsible for the paperwork
Temperature p Controlled Materials
ADR is highly prescriptive b t structured but str ct red logicall logically. •The structure of ADR is that each part is subdivided into chapters and each chapter into sections and paragraphs and d sub b paragraphs. h •So for example, 2.1 is the introduction to classification, 2.2 is the class specific provisions, 2.2.1 relates to class 1(explosives), 2.2.2 to class 2 (gases) and so on. •Part 1 is the introductory part setting out high level aims and duties, together with exemptions. It then goes logically through the process as follows:
ADR Continued •Part 2. Classification •Part 3. The dangerous goods list (including special provisions and exemptions related to limited quantities. •Part 4. Packing and tank provisions •Part 5. Consignment procedures, including documentation and vehicle marking
ADR Continued •Part 6. Construction and testing of packaging's, intermediate bulk containers (IBC), large packaging's and tanks •Part 7. Carriage, g loading, g unloading g and handling g •Part Part 8 8. Vehicle crews crews, equipment equipment, operation and documentation (including driver training) •Part 9. Construction and approval of vehicles
ADR Classification UN Class 1
Dangerous Goods Explosives
Division(s) 1.1 - 1.6
Non-flammable non-toxic gas Non-flammable,
Flammable liquid 4.1
Spontaneously combustible substance
Substance which in contact with water emits flammable gas
Miscellaneo s dangerous Miscellaneous dangero s goods
Miscellaneo s dangerous Miscellaneous dangero s goods
How ADR breaks down “Risk” •Dangerous Goods are broken down by their risk t type or “Class” “Cl ” •Class 3 : Flammable Liquids •A Class mayy have a sub set •Class 5 •5 5.1 1 : Oxidising Substances •5.2 : Organic Peroxide
•Class 6 •6.1 : Toxic Substances •6 2 : Infectious Substances •6.2
How ADR controls “Risk” •Each Class has its own packaging g g is rules what p authorised, how material is transported p and even the security of the materials •High Consequence dangerous goods •e.g. Aircraft fuel was converted into a bomb in the 9/11 attack
Gas Cylinder y Explosion p The roof and windows at the Cork p plant at Waterfall were blown off when an acetylene gas cylinder exploded.
How ADR controls “Risk”
•It also stipulates how the packaging is manufactured, tested and time limits as to when it can be used •Sharps bins are UN 3291
Example – Bulk Container for Solids •Example: •60 60 Lit Litre B Bulk lk C Container t i Max. test weight 30 kilos A weight Any i ht above b th thatt iis b beyond d th the tested legal limit & therefore the legally approved maximum weight.
•In addition to the limit on the use of the container there are packing instructions
How do I know if my packaging is compliant? United Nations Logo
Packaging Type: Steel drum, non removable head.
Suitable for PG II & PG III Dangerous Goods
State authorising Year of Hydraulic Manufacture marking Test pressure Density of Liquid which cannot be exceeded.
Packing g Instructions UN 3291 - P621 •Rigid Ri id leak l k proof...provided f id d there th is i sufficient ffi i t absorbent b b t material to absorb the entire amount of the liquid present and the packaging is capable of retaining liq liquids ids •For packaging containing larger quantities of liquid...the packing group II performance level for liquids
Inappropriate pp p Packing g
Diagnostic Samples Diagnostic Samples UN3373 – P650 •1 – Primary receptacle •2 – Secondary Packaging •3 – Outer Packaging •The symbol for UN 3373 should be displayed on the external t l surface f off the th outer t packaging k i •“BIOLOGICAL SUBSTANCE, CATEGORY B”
• Solid? • Liquid? • Gas?
• Flammable? Toxic? Corrosive? Compressed Gas? • Infectious? Animal By-Product? GMO? • Quantity? Concentration?
• Classification • Approved packaging • Authorised A th i d Di Disposall F Facility ilit ffor th thatt waste t ttype
Bomb Squad q Called out in 2011
•Coláiste Ioseaf Killmallock •Catholic University School Dublin School, •Central Veterinary Research Lab Lab, Kildare •Royal College of S Surgeons iin IIreland l d •Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland
“But it’s only y ............” •Often Often we e get a comment like •“But it is only .....” •“We “W use this thi every day, d it’s it’ nothing thi special” •“We We were told to put it into a ...”
•It is easy to become accustomed to the risks associated with substances you come into daily contact with •The ADR classifies the risk and allocates appropriate packaging
Impact p on the Food Chain •Wyeth manufactured a contraceptive pill 2000 & 2001 •Saccharin was used to “sugar coat” the pills •This This produced two waste streams: •Saccharin that went out of date for human consumption Still fit for animal consumption Common to use it in a treacle for pig feed manufacturers
•Waste water with diluted saccharin sprayed over the hormonal pills The hormone laced water should be disposed of through incineration
Impact p on the Food Chain •A mistake was made •3 to 6 months later farmers in Holland realised their pigs pg were infertile •The contaminated food chain was traced back to Bioland in B l i Belgium •From From there to Wyeth Medica Ireland’s Ireland s plant in Newbridge •More than 50,000 pigs were slaughtered •Wyeth have accrued $100m for the anticipated class action by Benelux farmers
Veterinary y Examples p