Techniques of facial nerve block

British Journal of Ophthalmology 1995; 79: 166-173 166 Techniques of facial nerve block Franz Schimek, Manfred Fahle Abstract The efficacy of diffe...
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British Journal of Ophthalmology 1995; 79: 166-173

166

Techniques of facial nerve block Franz Schimek, Manfred Fahle

Abstract The efficacy of different techniques of facial nerve block for cataract surgery was investigated. Forty four patients underwent either modified O'Brien, Atkinson, van Lint, or lid blocks. Intentional muscle activity ofthe orbicularis oculi muscle was recorded and the area under the EMG curve calculated for quantitative comparison of muscle activity between the groups before and after injection of lignocaine with the vasoconstrictor naphazoline nitrate. In addition, the force of lid closure was measured and lid motility determined on a subjective score scale. Whereas the modified O'Brien and lid blocks nearly abolished the muscle activity recorded in the EMG (p

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