STATE OF WASHINGTON
STATE BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 1500 Jefferson Street SE • P.O. Box 41449 • Olympia, Washington 98504 (360) 407-9280 • fax (360) 586-9088 • e-mail [email protected]
June 11, 2015 TO:
Building Fire and Plumbing Codes Committee Members and All Interested Parties
Fire Code Technical Advisory Group, Dave Kokot, Chair
Fire Code TAG – Final Report
The International Fire Code Technical Advisory Group (IFC TAG) convened in October 2014 to review the 2015 IFC. The IFC TAG held 14 meetings through May 11; no additional meetings are scheduled at this time. The PV TAG and the CO also provided review of code changes, meeting 5 times each; the proposed changes to the IFC and current amendments are also included in this summary. The IFC TAG reviewed the 2015 IFC by identifying and comparing significant changes and current amendments; several new amendments were proposed to address changes in the new edition of the model code. Some proposals were developed by TAG members and others were submitted by interested parties using the statewide amendment process. The IFC TAG recommends approval of 12 proposed amendments as submitted, and 13 proposed items as modified by the TAG. In addition 14 items were withdrawn, denied or not forwarded. Two existing amendments were deleted. Two proposals (15-021 and 15-091-E), related to marijuana production and processing, are recommended for emergency rulemaking. These are State specific issues that have been coordinated with WAC 214-55-104, and delay of enacting these changes would adversely affect public safety.
2015 Fire TAG Proposal 5/12/15 Fire Code WAC 51-54A
Fire Code WAC 51-54A
All IFC proposals listed here moved to IFC TAG 15-010 IFC 403.10.2.4 – Group R-2
Fire safety and evacuation.
Zarelli - DOH
AS New amendment
Replaces an existing amendment to 404.1. Adds a new section 403.10.2.4 re: assisted living facilities.
403.10.2 Group R-2 occupancies. Group R-2 occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.10.2.1 through 403.10.2.3 403.10.2.4. 403.10.2.4 Group R-2 assisted living and residential care facilities.Assisted living and residential care facilities licensed by the state of Washington shall comply with Sections 403.8.1 as required for Group I-1 Condition 2 occupancies. Fire Code WAC 51-54A
General, re: retroactive minimum standards for hospitals.
AS New amendment
Comply with federal requirements for Medicare/Medicaid reimbursement.
General. Existing Group I-2 shall meet all of the following requirements: This section shall be applied by jurisdictions conducting survey for compliance with the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicare reimbursement program. Existing Group I-2 shall meet all of the following requirements: 1. The minimum fire safety requirements in Section 1103. 2. The minimum means of egress requirements in Section 1104. 3. The additional egress and construction requirements Section 1105. Where the provisions of this chapter conflict with the construction requirements that applied at the time of construction, the most restrictive provisions shall apply. Fire Code WAC 51-54A
Marijuana Extraction Systems
New section specifies requirements for engineering analysis, engineer of Record, content of analysis, and
Fire Code WAC 51-54A
220.127.116.11 (new) 105.7.19 (new)
Marijuana Extraction Systems
change of medium, with requirements for approval by the Fire Code Official. Provides method for code officials to provide marijuana operations permits
AS New amendment Em. Rulemaking proposed 105.6.49 Marijuana extraction systems. An operational permit is required to use a marijuana/cannibis extraction system regulated under WAC 214-55-104. 105.7.19 Marijuana extraction systems. A construction permit is required to install a marijuana/cannibis extraction system regulated under WAC 214-55-104. Fire Code 15-022 Chapter 81 WUI Code Kokot W Would designate WUI Code as WAC 51-54A a code adopted by Washington State (note: this would take legislative action to accomplish) Fire Code 15-023 1103.7.8 ADA Dwelling Units Kokot W New section would provide WAC 51-54A requirement for ADA dwelling units to be provided with both audible and visible fire alarm notification. Sets compliance dates. Fire Code 15-024 1103.4.2, 1103.4.3 Vertical Openings Kokot AS Would require fire-resistance WAC 51-54A Note: existing and smoke rated construction amendment to or a sprinkler system in 3 to 5 1103.4.3 re: story buildings (other than Nightlclub Group I); for more than 5 sprinkler stories smoke-rated exception; need construction would also be to relocate to required. 1103.5.5.
1103.4.2 Three to five stories. In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting three to five stories shall be protected by either 1-hour fire-resistance fire-resistant and smoke-rated construction or an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the building in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2. 3
1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies. 2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps. 3. Vertical opening protection for escalators shall be in accordance with Section 1103.4.5, 1103.4.6 or 1103.4.7. 1103.4.3 More than five stories. In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting more than five stories shall be protected by fire-resistance fire-resistant and smoke-rated construction. Exceptions: 1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies. 2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps. 3. Vertical opening protection for escalators shall be in accordance with Section 1103.4.8. Fire Code 15-033 3103.5 Use period (for Maureen Concur - Send to Specifies temporary WAC 51-54A temporary structures) Traxler IBC TAG for structures use period is 180 correction to that days; or must comply with WABO code IBC. New amendment – correlate with Building Code Fire Code 15-051 903.2.11.7 Relocatable buildings Shawn AS Provisions for sprinkler WAC 51-54A within buildings Shepherd New amendment systems to protect portable buildings or job shacks. 903.2.11.7 Relocatable buildings within buildings. Relocatable buildings or structures located within a building with an approved fire sprinkler systems shall be provided with fire sprinkler protection within the occupiable space of the building and the space underneath the relocatable building. Exceptions: 1. Sprinkler protection is not required underneath the building when the space is separated from the adjacent space by construction resisting the passage of smoke and heat and combustible storage will not be located there. 2. If the building or structure does not have a roof or ceiling obstructing the overhead sprinklers. Fire Code 15-052 102.5 Application of Al Audette W Deletes the requirement for WAC 51-54A Residential Code construction permits for installation of certain interior or exterior systems or devices. Removes duplicative permit requirements under 4
IFC and IRC for the same scope of work. Fire Code 15-053 907.2.6 Group I Shawn W Requirements for Group I WAC 51-54A Shepherd emergency/voice alarm system. Fire Code 15-054 907.5.2.1.3 Occupant notification Shawn W New section to provide WAC 51-54A zoning for Group I-2 Shepherd notification zones for Group I2 occupancies. Fire Code 15-055 18.104.22.168; 903.3.5.3 Underground portions Shawn AM New language in Chapter One WAC 51-54A of fire protection Shepherd New to provide direction on system supply piping amendments construction permits for automatic sprinkler systems and underground components. 105.7.19 Underground supply piping for automatic sprinkler system. A construction permit is required for the installation of the portion of the underground water supply piping, public or private, supplying a water-based fire protection system. The permit shall apply to all underground piping and appurtenances downstream of the first control valve on the lateral piping or service line from the distribution main to one-foot above finished floor of the facility with the fire protection system. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a permit. Exceptions. 1. When the underground piping is installed by the aboveground piping contractor. 2. Underground piping serves a fire protection system installed in accordance with NFPA 13D. 903.3.5.3 Underground portions of fire protection system water supply piping. The installation or modification of an underground water main, public or private, supplying a water-based fire protection system shall be in accordance with NFPA 24 and RCW 18.160. Piping and appurtenances downstream of the first control valve on the lateral or service line from the distribution main to one-foot above finished floor shall be approved by the fire code official. Such underground piping shall be installed by either a Level 2, 3 or U licensed a fire sprinkler system contractor or by an appropriately licensed contractor in accordance with RCW 18.160 and holding either a Level U or a Level 3 license. For underground piping supplying systems installed in accordance with 903.3.1.2, a level 2, 3, or U licensed contractor is acceptable. Exception: Portions of underground piping supplying automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with NFPA 13D. Fire Code WAC 51-54A
Group I-2 automatic sprinkler system
Modifies current amendment re: Group 1-2 automatic sprinkler system and
Fire Code WAC 51-54A
AS Editorial correction
automatic fire alarm systems. Would provide ‘notification zones’ in existing I-2 occupancies. Addresses an error of citation in the code; could address with errata/editorial modification.
907.2.6.1 Group I-1. An automatic smoke detection system shall be installed in corridors, waiting areas open to corridors and habitable spaces other than sleeping units and kitchens. The system shall be activated in accordance with Section 907.4 907.5. (The remainder of this section remains as written)
Fire Code 15-068 308.1.9 Open Flame Tables Kokot AM New amendment; not WAC 51-54A New amendment addressed in 2015 IFC. Section 308.1.9 Decorative Open Flame Tables. Gas-fired portable or fixed open flame fire tables and fireplaces are required to be provided with Fire Code official approved design or protection devices to prevent occupants from using flame, and from flame being exposed to combustible material. A fire extinguisher shall be located within 75 feet of travel distance or a distance as approved by the Fire Code Official. Where located indoors, the supply gas valve will be interlocked with building fire alarm and/or fire sprinklers, where provided. Fire Code 15-088 904.12 Commercial Cooking Shawn AM Signage to be provided to WAC 51-54A Systems Shepherd New amendment describe the type and arrangement of cooking appliances in commercial cooking systems. 904.12 Commercial cooking systems. The automatic fire-extinguishing system for commercial cooking systems shall be of a type recognized for protection of commercial cooking equipment and exhaust systems of the type and arrangement protected. Pre-engineered automatic dry and wet chemical extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300 and listed and labeled for the intended application. Other types of automatic fire extinguishing systems shall be listed and labeled for specific use as protection for commercial cooking operations. The system shall be installed in accordance with this code, its listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions. Signage shall be provided on the exhaust hood or system cabinet, indicating the type and arrangement of cooking appliances protected by the automatic fire extinguishing system. Signage shall indicate appliances from left to right, be durable, and the size color and lettering shall be approved. Automatic fire extinguishing systems of the following types shall be installed in accordance with the referenced standard indicated, as follows: (remainder of section as published) Fire Code 15-089 907.5.2.1.2 Maximum Sound Shawn AS Will modify sound levels to WAC 51-54A Pressure Shepherd New amendment not exceed 30 dBA for audible alarm notification appliances. 6
907.5.2.1.2 Maximum sound pressure. The maximum sound pressure level for audible alarm notification appliances shall be 110 dBA at the minimum hearing distance from the audible appliance. For systems operating in public mode, the maximum sound pressure level shall not exceed 30 dBA over the average ambient sound level. Where the average ambient noise is greater than 95 dBA, visible alarm notification appliances shall be provided in accordance with NFPA 72 and audible alarm notification appliances shall not be required. Fire Code WAC 51-54A
Required fire protection systems
AM New amendment
Would require specific labeling of required fire protection systems. 901.4.2 Non-required fire protection systems. A fire protection system or portion thereof not required by this code or the International Building Code shall be allowed to be furnished for partial or complete protection provided such installed system meets the applicable requirements of this code and the International Building Code. Such systems or portion of system shall be provided with signage stating “NON-REQUIRED SYSTEM.” Signage shall be durable and permanent in nature, with contrasting color and background, and with lettering of not less than 1 inch in height. Location of such signage shall be approved. Fire Code 15-091-D Chapter 38 (New) Marijuana extraction Shawn AM New chapter would provide WAC 51-54A facilities Shepherd New amendment regulatory requirements for Emergency Rule marijuana processing and/or proposed extraction facilities. TAG recommends emergency rule. Chapter 38 Marijuana Growing, Processing or Extraction Facilities SECTION 3801 ADMINISTRATION 3801.1 Scope. Marijuana growing, processing or extraction facilities shall comply with this chapter and the International Building Code. The extraction process includes the act of extraction of the oils and fats by use of a solvent, desolventizing of the raw material and production of the miscella, distillation of the solvent from the miscella and solvent recovery. The use, storage, transfilling, and handling of hazardous materials in these facilities shall comply with this chapter, other applicable provisions of this code and the International Building Code. 3801.2 Application. The requirements set forth in this chapter are requirements specific only to marijuana growing, processing and extraction facilities and shall be applied as exceptions or additions to applicable requirements set forth elsewhere in this code. 3801.3 Multiple Hazards. Where a material, its use or the process it is associated with poses multiple hazards, all hazards shall be addressed in accordance with Section 5001.1 and other material specific chapters.
3801.4 Existing building or facilities. Existing buildings or facilities used for the growing or processing of marijuana shall comply with this chapter. Existing buildings or facilities used for marijuana extraction shall comply with the requirements of this chapter by January 1, 2016. 3801.5 Permits. Permit shall be required as set forth in Section 105.6 and 105.7. SECTION 3802 DEFINITIONS Marijuana extraction facility (MEF): a building used for the solvent-based extraction process of marijuana. Marijuana extraction equipment (MEE): equipment or appliances used for the extraction of botanical material such as essential oils, from marijuana. Marijuana extraction room (MER): The room or space in which the solvent–based extractions occur. Finding: the results of an inspection, examination, analysis or review. Observation: a practice or condition not technically noncompliant with other regulations or requirements, but could lead to noncompliance if left unaddressed. Desolventizing: The act of removing a solvent from a material. Miscella: A mixture, in any proportion, of the extracted oil or fat and the extracting solvent. Transfilling: the process of taking a gas source, either compressed or in liquid form (usually in bulk containers), and transferring it into a different container (usually a smaller compressed cylinder). SECTION 3803 GROWING OR PRODUCTION OF MARIJUANA 3803.1 Controlled egress or access. Egress doors, whether access-controlled or electromagnetically locked egress doors shall comply with the respective section of Chapter 10 of the International Building Code. 3803.2 Ventilation for light fixtures. Light fixture ductwork shall be installed in accordance with manufacturer and International Mechanical Code. 3803.3 Odor control. The use of ozone generators used for odor control shall be in accordance with Section 6005. 3803.4 Interior Finish. The use of any plastic including mylar or panda sheeting to enclose rooms or cover any walls or ceilings must be installed in accordance with the International Building Code and this code. If plastic materials are used, the material shall comply with the International Building Code and Chapter 8 of this code. The hanging of plastic from ceiling or from suspended overhead structures to create wall dividers is not allowed. 3803.5 Fumigation. Any marijuana growing, processing, extraction or retail facility that is fumigated shall comply with Chapter 26 in addition to the following requirements. Fumigation for marijuana growing, processing, extraction or retail facilities includes the production or use of sulfur 8
dioxide. 3803.5.1 Usage warning signs. Where fumigants and thermal insecticidal fogging products are used, approved warning signs bearing the “skull and crossbones” emblem with the warning “DANGER! POISON GAS! KEEP OUT!” shall be posted. Such signage shall be posted at all doors and enterances to the premises ionluding interior rooms and areas, and along the exterior wall of the building or tenant space being fumigated at not less than 25 foot intervals. Such signage shall not be less than 7 inches in width and not less than 10 inches in height. 3803.5.2 Warning signs. Approved warning signs indicating the danger, type of chemical involved and necessary precautions shall be posted on all doors and entrances to the premises, including interior rooms and areas. 3803.5.3 Description and duration of posting. Signage shall be located at the exterior main entry and at the entries to those area being fumigated indicating the duration of the fumigation. Signage shall indicate the following information, written in English as the primary language, red lettering on a white background, and with the lettering height as described: The date and time of the operation in lettering not less than 2 inches in height. Type of chemical involved in lettering of not less than 1 inch. Necessary precautions for the chemical used. The name and address of the person responsible for the fumigation in lettering of not less than 1 inch in height. A warning stating the occupied premises shall be vacated at least one (1) hour prior to beginning of operation and shall not be reentered until danger signs have been removed by the responsible party, in lettering of not less than 2 inches in height. 3803.6 Use of carbon dioxide for growing operations. Growing operations utilizing carbon dioxide shall comply with Section 3804.5. SECTION 3804 PROCESSING OR EXTRACTION OF MARIJUANA 3804.1 Location. Marijuana processing shall be located in a building complying with the International Building Code and this code. The marijuana extraction process shall be located in a room dedicated to the extraction process. The extraction room shall not be used for any other purpose including storage. 3804.2 Staffing. The extraction process shall be continuously staffed by personnel trained in the extraction process, the transfer of LP-gas where applicable, and all emergency procedures. All staff training records shall be maintained on-site by the owner and made available upon request from the fire code official. 3804.3 Systems, equipment and processes. Systems, equipment, and processes shall be in accordance with Sections 3804.3.1 through 3804.3.3.7 3804.3.1 Application. Systems, equipment and processes shall include, but are not limited to vessels, chambers, containers, cylinders, tanks, piping, tubing, valves, fittings, and pumps. 3804.3.2 General requirements. In addition to the requirements in Section 3804 systems, equipment and processes shall also comply with Section 5003.2, other applicable provisions of this code, the International Building Code, and the International Mechanical Code. 3804.3.3 Additional requirements for marijuana extraction. In addition to the requirements of Section 3804.3, marijuana extraction systems, equipment and process shall comply with this section. 9
3804.3.3.1 General requirements. The requirements set forth in Section 5003.2 shall apply to vessels, chambers, containers, cylinders, tanks, piping, tubing, valves, fittings, and pumps used in the extraction process. The use of ovens in post-process purification or winterization shall comply with Section 3804.3.3.7. 3804.3.3.2 Systems and equipment. Systems or equipment used for the extraction of marijuana/cannabis oils from plant material shall be listed for the specific use. If the system used for extraction of marijuana/cannabis oils and products from plant material is not listed, then system shall have a designer of record. If the designer of record is not a licensed Washington Professional Engineer, then the system shall be peer reviewed by a licensed Washington Professional Engineer. In reviewing the system, the licensed Professional Engineer shall review and consider any information provided by the system’s designer or manufacturer. For systems and equipment not listed for the specific use, a technical report documenting the design or peer review as outlined in 3804.3.3.4.2 shall be prepared and submitted to the fire code official for review and approval for systems and equipment used for the extraction of marijuana/cannabis oils and products from plant material. The firm or individual performing the performing the engineering analysis for the technical report shall be approved by the fire code official prior to performing the analysis. 3804.3.3.3 Change of extraction medium. Where the medium of extraction or solvent is changed from the material indicated in the technical report or as required by the manufacturer, the technical report shall be revised at the cost of the facility owner, submitted for review and approval by the fire code official prior to the use of the equipment with the new medium or solvent. If the original Engineer of Record is not available, then new Engineer of Record shall comply with Section 3804.3.3.4.1. 3804.3.3.4 Required technical report. The technical report documenting the design or peer review shall be submitted for review and approval by the fire code official prior to the equipment being located or installed at the facility. 3804.3.3.4.1 Approval of the Engineer of Record. Where a technical report is required to be submitted for review and approval by the fire code official to meet the requirements of 3804.3.3.2, the following items shall occur: Prior to submittal of the technical report, the engineer shall submit educational background and professional experience specific to the review and approval of system, equipment and processes with like hazards of those associated with the marijuana extraction system to the fire code official. Once the proof of qualifications are found acceptable by the fire code official, the Engineer of Record shall produce the technical report and the report shall be signed and sealed in accordance with Washington State requirements. 3804.3.3.4.2 Content of technical report and engineering analysis. All, but not limited to, the items listed below shall be included in the technical report. Manufacturer information. Engineer of Record information Date of review and report revision history. Signature page shall include: Author of the report Date of report Seal, date and signature of engineer of record performing the design or peer review. 10
Date and signature of the engineer performing the engineering check of the report. The engineering check cannot be performed by the authoring engineer. Model number of the item evaluated. If the equipment is provided with a serial number, the serial number shall be included for verification at time of site inspection. Methodology of the design or peer review process used to determine minimum safety requirements. Methodology shall consider the basis of design, and shall include a code analysis and code path to demonstrate the reason as to why specific code or standards are applicable or not. Equipment description. A list of every component and subassembly (clamp, fittings, hose, quick disconnects, gauges, site glass, gaskets, valves, pumps, vessels, containers, switches, etc.) of the system or equipment, indicating the manufacturer, model number, material, and solvent compatibility. Vendor cut sheets shall be provided. A general flow schematic or general process flow diagram (PFD) of the process. Post-processing or winterization may be included in this diagram. All primary components of the process equipment shall be identified and match the aforementioned list. Operating temperatures, pressures, and solvent state of matter shall be identified in each primary step or component. A piping and instrumentation diagram (PID or PI&D) may be provided but is not required. Analysis of the vessel(s) if pressurized beyond standard atmospheric pressure. Analysis shall include purchased and fabricated components. Structural analysis for the frame system supporting the equipment. Process safety analysis of the extraction system, from the introduction of raw product to the end of the extraction process. Comprehensive process hazard analysis considering failure modes and points of failure throughout the process. This portion of the review should include review of emergency procedure information provided by the manufacturer of the equipment or process and not that of the facility, building or room. Review of the assembly instructions, operational and maintenance manuals provided by the manufacturer. Report shall include findings and observations of the analysis. List of references used in the analysis. 3804.3.3.5 Building analysis. If the technical report, or manufacturers literature indicate specific requirements for the location, room, space or building, where the extraction process is to occur, the Engineer of Record, as approved in 3804.3.3.4.1 shall review the construction documents of such location, room, space or building and provide a report of their findings and observations to the fire code official. Analysis shall include: Process safety analysis of the entire process from raw material to finished product. Comprehensive process hazard analysis considering failure modes and points throughout the process. Should include review of emergency procedures as related to the equipment or process, and the facility. 3804.3.3.6 Site Inspection. Prior to operation of the extraction equipment, if required by the fire code official, the Engineer of Record, as approved 3804.3.3.4.1 shall inspect the site of the extraction process once equipment has been installed for compliance with the technical report and the building analysis. The Engineer of Record shall provide a report of findings and observations of the site inspection to the fire code official prior to the approval of the extraction process. The field inspection report authored by Engineer of Record shall include the serial number of the equipment used in the process and shall confirm the equipment installed is the same model and type of equipment identified in the technical 11
report. 3804.3.3.7 Post-process purification and winterization. Post-processing and winterization involving the heating or pressurizing of the miscella to other than normal pressure or temperature shall be approved and performed in an appliance listed for such use. Domestic or commercial cooking appliances shall not be used. The use of industrial ovens shall comply with Chapter 30. Exception: An automatic fire extinguishing system shall not be required for batch-type Class A ovens having less than 3.0 cubic feet of work space. 3804.4 Construction requirements 3804.4.1 Location. Marijuana extraction shall not be located in any building containing a Group A, E or I occupancy. 3804.4.1.1 Extraction room. The extraction equipment and process shall be located in a room dedicated to extraction. 3804.4.2 Egress. Each marijuana extraction room shall be provided with at least one exit, swinging in the direction of travel provided with an automatic closer and panic hardware. 3804.4.2.1 Facility egress. The marijuana extraction room shall not enter directly into an exit, exit passageway, horizontal exit or along the sole egress path from another portion of the building. 3804.4.3 Ventilation. Each marijuana extraction room shall be provided with a dedicated hazardous exhaust system complying with Section 5004.3 for all solvents other than water. The operation of the hazardous exhaust system shall be continuous. 3804.4.4 Control area. Each marijuana extraction room shall be considered a single control area and comply with Section 5003.8.3. 3804.4.5 Ignition source control. Extraction equipment and processes using a hydrocarbon-based liquid or gas solvent shall be provided with ventilation rates for the room to maintain the concentration of flammable constituents in air below 25% of the lower flammability limit of the respective solvent. If not provided with the required ventilation rate, then Class I Division II electrical requirements shall apply to the entire room. 3804.4.6 Interlocks. All electrical components within the extraction room shall be interlocked with the hazardous exhaust system and when provided, the gas detection system. When the hazardous exhaust system is not operational, then light switches and electrical outlets shall be disabled. Activation of the gas detection system shall disable all light switches and electrical outlets. 3804.4.7 Emergency power 3804.4.7.1 Emergency power for extraction process. Where power is required for the operation of the extraction process, an automatic emergency power source shall be provided. The emergency power source shall have sufficient capacity to allow safe shutdown of the extraction process plus an additional 2 hours of capacity beyond the shutdown process. 3804.4.7.2 Emergency power for other than extraction process. An automatic emergency power system shall be provided for the following items when installed. 3804.4.7.2.1 Required electrical systems. Extraction room lighting Extraction room ventilation system Solvent gas detection system 12
Emergency alarm systems Automatic fire extinguishing systems. 3804.4.8 Continuous gas detection system. For extraction processes utilizing gaseous hydrocarbon-based solvents a continuous gas detection system shall be provided. The gas detection threshold shall be no greater than 25% of the LEL/LFL limit of the materials. 3804.4.9 Liquefied-petroleum gases shall not be released to the atmosphere. 3804.5 Carbon dioxide enrichment or extraction. Extraction processes or growing operations using carbon dioxide shall comply with the section. 3804.5.1 Scope. Carbon dioxide systems with more than 100 pounds of carbon dioxide shall comply with Sections 3804.5 through 3804.5.8. This section is applicable to carbon dioxide systems utilizing compressed gas systems, liquefied-gas system, dry ice, or on-site carbon dioxide generation. Carbon dioxide systems shall not produce a concentration level of greater than 1,500 ppm in the room or area of use. 3804.5.2 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 105.6 and 105.7 3804.5.3 Equipment. The storage, use, and handling of liquid carbon dioxide shall be in accordance with Chapter 54 and the applicable requirements of NFPA 55, Chapter 13. Insulated liquid carbon dioxide system shall have pressure relief devices in accordance with NFPA 55. 3804.5.4 Carbon dioxide generation: Appliances used for generation of carbon dioxide shall comply with the International Mechanical Code as a non-vented fuel-fired appliance. 3804.5.5 Protection from damage. Carbon dioxide systems shall be installed so the storage tanks, cylinders, piping and fittings are protected from damage by occupants or equipment during normal facility operations. 3804.5.5.1 Required protection. Where carbon dioxide storage tanks, cylinders, piping and equipment are located indoors, rooms or areas containing carbon dioxide storage tanks, cylinders, piping and fittings and other areas where a leak of carbon dioxide can collect shall be provided with either ventilation in accordance with Section 3804.5.7 and an emergency alarm system in accordance with Section 3804.5.8. 3804.5.6 Carbon dioxide systems. Equipment, meters or gauges, shall be provided in each area where carbon dioxide is used or stored to indicate the level of carbon dioxide. The meters or gauges shall be calibrated and inter-connected to the gas supply solenoids located at the storage container or generator to limit a maximum level of carbon dioxide to not more than 1,500 ppm in the room or area of use. 3804.5.6.1 Carbon dioxide system valving. The carbon dioxide system shall be provided with valves, located at the point of storage or generation, and that positively close in the event of loss of power, or in the event of an alarm activation. The valves shall be manually reset. 3804.5.6.2 Carbon dioxide system piping. The piping system used to distribute the carbon dioxide within the building shall be of an approved type. Piping shall be labeled in accordance with 5303.4.3. All shutoff valving of the piping system shall be labeled as such. 3804.5.6.3 Pressure relief systems. Pressure relief devices shall be vented to the exterior of the building. 3804.5.7 Signage. At the entrance to each area using or storing carbon dioxide, signage shall be posted indicating the hazard. Sign shall be durable and permanent in nature and not less than 7 inches wide by 10 inches tall. Sign shall bear the “skull and crossbones” emblem with the warning “DANGER! POTENTIAL OXYGEN DEFICIENT ATMOSPHERE.” NFPA 704 signage shall be provided at the building main entry and the rooms where the carbon dioxide is used and stored. 3804.5.8 Ventilation. Mechanical ventilation shall be in accordance with the International Mechanical Code and shall comply with all of the following: 13
Mechanical ventilation in the room or area shall be at a rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot. Exhaust shall be taken from a point within 12 inches of the floor. The ventilation system shall be designed to operate at a negative pressure in relation to the surrounding area. 3804.5.9 Emergency alarm system. A carbon dioxide detection system shall be provided in each area where carbon dioxide is used and or stored. The emergency alarm system shall comply with all of the following: Continuous gas detection shall be provided to monitor areas where carbon dioxide can accumulate. The threshold for activation of an alarm shall not exceed 1,500 parts per million. Activation of the emergency alarm system shall initiate a local alarm within the room or area in which the system is installed. 3804.6 Flammable or combustible liquid. The use of a flammable of combustible liquid for the extraction of oils and fats from marijuana shall comply with this section. 3804.6.1 Scope. The use of flammable and combustible liquids for liquid extraction process where the liquid is boiled, distilled, or evaporated shall comply with this Section and NFPA 30. 3804.6.2 Location. The process using a flammable or combustible liquid shall be located within a hazardous exhaust fume hood, rated for exhausting flammable vapors. Electrical equipment used within the hazardous exhaust fume hood shall be rated for use in flammable atmospheres. Heating of flammable or combustible liquids over an open flame is prohibited. Exception: The use of a heating element not rated for flammable atmospheres may be approved where documentation from the manufacturer or an approved testing laboratory indicates is it rated for heating of flammable liquids. IFC – WAC 51- 15-006-B 903.2.3 Group E daycare Lee Kranz AM – Revised Clarifies floor area for Group E 54A sprinklers WABO 5/11/15 daycare occupant load and separates daycare – IBC – WAC 51Revise existing Coordinated with 15-150 amendment 50 903.2.3 Group E. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group E Occupanciesfire areas. EXCEPTIONS: Portable school classrooms with an occupant load of 50 or less calculated in accordance with Table 1004.1.2, provided that the aggregate area of any cluster of portable classrooms does not exceed 6,000 square feet (557 m2); and clusters of portable school classrooms shall be separated as required by the building code; or Portable school classrooms with an occupant load from 51through 98, calculated in accordance with Table 1004.1.2, and provided with two means of direct independent exterior egress from each classroom in accordance with Chapter 10, and one exit from each classroom shall be accessible, provided that the aggregate area of any cluster of portable classrooms does not exceed 6000 square feet (557 m2) , and clusters of portable school classrooms shall be separated as required by the building code; or An automatic sprinkler system is not required in Group E occupancies with an occupant load of 50 or less within the Group E occupancy, calculated in accordance with Table 1004.1.2. This exception does not apply to daycare and preschool uses. 14
An automatic sprinkler system is not required in Group E daycare and preschool occupancies located at the level of exit discharge and where every room where child care is provided has at least one exterior exit door. An automatic sprinkler system is not required in Group E day care and preschool facilities with an occupant load of 100 or less, and located at the level of exit discharge, and every room in which care is provided has not fewer than one exterior exit door. 5. An automatic sprinkler system is not required in Group E daycare and preschool occupancies located within fire areas of less than 3,000 square feet. IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150 IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150
Directs specific inspection record keeping requirements
Mike Six, F.M. Bremerton
Multiple locations IFC: Table 405.2 Section 405.7 Table 609.2.1 908.7 CO Alarms – existing amendment; IFC 1008.1.9.3 IFC 1008.6 IFC 1103.9 (existing amendment)
Assisted living facility
Campbell/DOH AS – Coord w/IBC Modify existing amendments
Requirements for maintaining records of fire alarm panel inspections, etc. Uses term ’assisted living facility’ in lieu of ‘boarding home.’
Location 1: Relates to existing Amendment to 2012 IFC Table 405.2. This proposed language is for the new 2015 Table (used below for clarity) Revise existing state amendment for Table 405.2 Fire and Evacuation Drill – Frequency and Participation for Group I-1
e. Day cares co-located on a Group E campus shall participate in emergency drills occurring on the campus. Applicable to boarding homes, group homes, and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington. Emergency evacuation drills for assisted living facilities and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington are required to meet 16
the requirements of Group I-1. Location 2: Existing amendment to the 2012 IFC Section 405.7 Exception: Drills conducted between the hours of 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., in Group R-2 boarding homes, assisted living facilities, group homes, and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington.
Location 3: Existing amendment to the 2012 IFC Table 609.2.1 Table 609.2.1 TYPE OF HOOD REQUIRED FOR DOMESTIC COOKING APPLIANCES IN THE FOLLOWING SPACES Type of Space Church Community or party room in apartment and condominium Day care
Dormitory, boarding home assisted living facility, nursing home Office lunch room
Type of Cooking 1.Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food
Type of Hood Type II hood
2.Roasting, pan frying and deep frying 1. Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food
Type I hood Residential hoodc orType II hoodd
2.Roasting, pan frying and deep frying
Type I hood
1.Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food
Residential hoodc orType II hoodd
2.Roasting, pan frying and deep frying
Type I hood
1.Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food
Type II hood
2.Roasting, pan frying and deep frying
Type I hood
1.Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food
Residential hoodc orType II hoodd
2.Roasting, pan frying and deep frying
Type I hood
Location 4: Existing amendment to 2012 IFC Section 908.7: Carbon monoxide alarms. Group I or Group R occupancies shall be provided with single station carbon monoxide alarms installed outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms in dwelling units or sleeping units and on each level of the dwelling. The carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with UL 2034 and be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 720-2012 and the manufacturer's instructions. Exceptions: For other than R-2 occupancies, the building does not contain a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage; or Sleeping units or dwelling units in I and R-1 occupancies and R-2 college dormitories, hotel, and DSHS licensed boarding home assisted living facilities and residential treatment facilityies licensed by the state of Washington which do not themselves contain a fuel-burning appliance, or a fuel-burning fireplace, or have an attached garage, need not be provided with carbon monoxide alarms provided that: The sleeping unit or dwelling unit is not adjacent to any room which contains a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage; and The sleeping unit or dwelling unit is not connected by duct work or ventilation shafts with a supply or return register in the same room to any room containing a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel- burning fireplace, or an attached garage; and The building is provided with a common area carbon monoxide detection system.
Location 5: Existing amendment to IFC [B]1008.1.9.3 [B]1008.1.9.3 Locks and latches. Locks and latches shall be permitted to prevent operation of doors where any of the following exists: Places of detention or restraint. In buildings in occupancy Group A having an occupant load of 300 or less, Groups B, F, M and S, and in places of religious worship, the main exterior door or doors are permitted to be equipped with key-operated locking devices from the egress side provided: The locking device is readily distinguishable as locked; A readily visible sign is posted on the egress side on or adjacent to the door stating: THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN BUILDING IS OCCUPIED. The sign shall be in letters 1 inch (25 mm) high on a contrasting background; and The use of the key-operated locking device is revocable by the building official for due cause. Where egress doors are used in pairs, approved automatic flush bolts shall be permitted to be used, provided that the door leaf having the automatic flush bolts has no doorknob or surface-mounted hardware. Doors from individual dwelling or sleeping units of Group R occupancies having an occupant load of 10 or less are permitted to be equipped with a night latch, dead bolt, or security chain, provided such devices are openable from the inside without the use of a key or tool. Fire doors after the minimum elevated temperature has disabled the unlatching mechanism in accordance with listed fire door test procedures. Approved, listed locks without delayed egress shall be permitted in Group R-2 boarding homes licensed by Washington state assisted living facilities licensed by the state of Washington, provided that: The clinical needs of one or more patients require specialized security measures for their safety. The doors unlock upon actuation of the automatic sprinkler system or automatic fire detection system. The doors unlock upon loss of electrical power controlling the lock or lock mechanism. The lock shall be capable of being deactivated by a signal from a switch located in an approved location. There is a system, such as a keypad and code, in place that allows visitors, staff persons and appropriate residents to exit. Instructions for exiting shall be posted within six feet of the door.
Location 6: Existing amendment to IFC [B]1008.6 [B] 1018.6 Corridor continuity. Fire-resistance-rated corridors shall be continuous from the point of entry to an exit, and shall not be interrupted by intervening
rooms. Exceptions: Foyers, lobbies or reception rooms constructed as required for corridors shall not be construed as intervening rooms. In Group R-2 boarding homes assisted living facilities and residential treatment facilities licensed by Washington state, seating areas shall be allowed to be open to the corridor provided: The seating area is constructed as required for the corridor; The floor is separated into at least two compartments complying with Section 407.5 of the International Building Code; 3 Each individual seating area does not exceed 150 square feet, excluding the corridor width; The combined total space of seating areas per compartment does not exceed 300 square feet, excluding the corridor width; Combustible furnishings located within the seating area shall be in accordance with the International Fire Code Section 805; and Emergency means of egress lighting is provided as required by Section 1006 to illuminate the area.
Location 7: Existing amendment to IFC [B] 1103.9 [B]1103.9 Carbon monoxide alarms. Existing Group I or Group R occupancies shall be provided with single station carbon monoxide alarms in accordance with Section 908.7. An inspection will occur when alterations, repairs or additions requiring a permit occur, or when one or more sleeping rooms are added or created. The carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with UL 2034 and be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 720-2012 and the manufacturer's instructions. Exceptions: 1.For other than R-2 occupancies, if the building does not contain a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage. 2.Work involving the exterior surfaces of dwellings, such as the replacement of roofing or siding, or the addition or replacement of windows or doors, or the addition of a porch or deck, or electrical permits. 3.Installation, alteration or repairs of non-combustion plumbing or mechanical systems. 4.Sleeping units or dwelling units in I and R-1 occupancies and R-2 college dormitories, hotel, and DSHS licensed boarding home assisted living facilities and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington which do not themselves contain a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or have an attached garage, need not be provided with carbon monoxide alarms provided that: 4.1 The sleeping units or dwelling unit is not adjacent to any room which contains a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage; and 4.2 The sleeping units or dwelling unit is not connected by duct work or ventilation shafts with a supply or return register in the same room to any room containing a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or to an attached garage; and 4.3 The building is provided with a common area carbon monoxide detection system.
IFC – WAC 51- 15-012 907.2.9.1.1 Group R-2 manual fire Zarelli - DOH AS – Coord w/IBC Revises existing amendments 54A alarm system re: exceptions for manual fire alarm boxes in Group R-2 IBC – WAC 51assisted living. 50 907.2.9.1.1 Group R-2 assisted living facilities. A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in Group R-2 occupancies where the building contains a boarding home an assisted living facility licensed by the state of Washington. Exceptions: 19
In boarding homes licensed by the state of Washington, manual fire alarm boxes in resident sleeping areas shall not be required at exits if located at all constantly attended staff locations, provided such staff locations are visible, continuously accessible, located on each floor, and positioned so no portion of the story exceeds a horizontal travel distance of 200 feet to a manual fire alarm box. 1. Manual fire alarm boxes in resident sleeping areas shall not be required at exits if located at all care providers’ control stations or other constantly attended staff locations, provided such staff locations are visible and continuously accessible and that the distances of travel required in Section 907.4.2.1 are not exceeded. 2. The manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system is not required to be activated where private mode signaling installed in accordance with NFPA 72 is approved by the fire code official and staff evacuation responsibilities are included in the fire safety and evacuation plan required by Section 404. IFC – WAC 51- 15-013 907.2.9.4 Group R-2 assisted Zarelli - DOH AS – Coord w/IBC Adds new section on smoke 54A living facilities detection in Group R-2 assisted living facilities. IBC – WAC 5150 907.2.9.4 Group R-2 assisted living facilities. An automatic smoke detection system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in corridors, waiting areas open to corridors and habitable spaces other than sleeping units and kitchens located in Group R-2 assisted living facilities licensed by the state of Washington. Exceptions: 1. Smoke detection is not required for exterior balconies. 2. Occupant notification systems are not required to be activated where private mode signaling installed in accordance with NFPA 72 is approved by the fire code official and staff evacuation responsibilities are included in the fire safety and evacuation plan required by Section 404. IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150
Group E (sprinkler systems)
IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150 (note: IMC not reflected here)
Duct smoke detectors
Lee Kranz City of Bellevue Bldg and Fire Depts
Amends definition of ‘portable school classroom’ to ‘portable school structure’. Modifies and clarifies existing amendments in 903.2.3 re: sprinklers in portables. Clarifies new language in 2015 IBC, IFC on duct detectors and required notification.
IFC – WAC 51- 15-050 IFC 403.10.2.4 – Fire safety and Zarelli - DOH AS Intended to address issues re: 54A Group R-2 assisted evacuation ‘assisted living facilities’. living facilities IBC – WAC 5150 403.10.2 Group R-2 occupancies. Group R-2 occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.10.2.1 through 403.10.2.3 403.10.2.4. 403.10.2.4 Group R-2 assisted living and residential care facilities. Assisted living and residential care facilities licensed by the state of Washington shall comply with Sections 403.8.1 as required for Group I-1 Condition 2 occupancies. IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150
Definition of Assisted Living Facility
Referred to IBC TAG
IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150
Carbon Monoxide Detection
Neil Hampson, M.D.
D (CO TAG)
IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150 IFC – WAC 5154A IBC – WAC 5150
Fire Alarm and Detection Systems
Mike Six, F. M. Bremerton
Carbon Monoxide Detection, Group E
AM – number the exceptions.
Provides a new amendment to define and clarify an assisted living facility may house residents with dementia. Modifies CO alarm requirements for multiple occupancies. (Note: TAG recommended taking the issue to the national level) Requires a letter of review from NICET for fire alarm shop drawings.
Group E has been added to the 2015 code requirements 15-092for CO alarms; this proposal AM would provide code consistency with thresholds for other E occupancy requirements for CO alarms. 2015 IFC 915.2.3 Group E occupancies. When required by Section 915.1 in new buildings, or by Chapter 11 of the International Fire Code, carbon monoxide detection shall be installed in classrooms in Group E occupancies. Carbon monoxide alarm signals shall be automatically transmitted to an on-site location that is staffed by school personnel. Exceptions:
1. Carbon monoxide alarm signals shall not be required to be automatically transmitted to an on-site location that is staffed by 21
school personnel in Group E occupancies with an occupant load of 50 30 or less. 2. Carbon monoxide alarm signals shall not be required to be automatically transmitted to an on-site location that is staffed by school personnel in Group E occupancies where an exception contained in Section 915.1 applies, or in Group E occupancies where signals are transmitted to an off-site service monitored by a third party, such as a service that monitors fire protection systems in the building. IFC-WAC 5114-03 507.3 Fire Flow Randy Vissia, AM Add NFPA 1142 reference to 54A Spokane Co. modify existing amendment. 507.3 Fire Flow. Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings and facilities shall be determined by an approved method. Exceptions: 1. Fire flow is not required for structures under 500 square feet with a B, U or R-1 occupancy where structures are at least 30 feet from any other structure and are used only for recreation. 2. In rural and suburban areas in which adequate and reliable water supply systems do not exist, the fire code official is authorized to utilize NFPA 1142 or the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code. IFC-WAC-51N/A Chapter 4 Emergency Plans Mike Six AM Revisions to amendments; as 54A modified by TAG. 2015 CHAPTER 4 - EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS SECTION 401 - GENERAL (no changes; delete one existing amendment – WAC 51-54A-0401) SECTION 402 - DEFINITIONS (delete definition of ‘emergency drill’ in WAC 51-54A-0202) 402.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2: EMERGENCY EVACUATION DRILL. LOCKDOWN. SECTION 403 - EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS REQUIREMENTS (3 new amendments) 403.5.4 Assembly points and fire operations. Assembly points shall not be in areas likely to be utilized for fire service operations. 403.10.3 Group R-4 occupancies. This section not adopted. 403.12.3 Crowd managers for gatherings exceeding 1,000 people. Where facilities or events involve a gathering of more than 1,000 people, or as required by the fire code official, crowd managers shall be provided in accordance with Sections 403.12.3.1 through 403.12.3.3. SECTION 404 - FIRE SAFETY,AND EVACUATION, AND LOCKDOWN PLANS (delete all existing amendments in WAC 51-54A-0404) 404.2.3 Lockdown plans. This section not adopted. 22
SECTION 405 - EMERGENCY EVACUATION DRILLS 405.1 General. This section not adopted. Modify existing amendment: 405.1 General. Emergency drills complying with the provisions of this section shall be conducted at least annually in the occupancies listed in Section 404.2.1 405.2.1 or when required by the fire code official. Drills shall be designed in cooperation with the local authorities. Maintain current amendments: 405.2 Frequency. Required emergency evacuation drills shall be held at the intervals specified in Table 405.2 or more frequently where necessary to familiarize all occupants with the drill procedure. 405.2.1 Group E occupancies. The occupancy shall conduct at a minimum the following drills during the year: 1. One drill using the school mapping information system. EXCEPTION:Day cares not co-located on a school campus. 2. Three fire evacuation drills. 3. One shelter-in-place drill. 4. Additional drills shall be as required by RCW 28A.320.125. Table 405.2 Fire and Evacuation Drill Frequency and Participation Group or Occupancy Frequency Participation Group A
Group Bb,c (Ambulatory care facilities)
Group Bb (Clinic, outpatient)
Semiannually on each shift
Quarterly on each shifta
Quarterly on each shifta
Quarterly on each shift-a
Quarterly on each shift
Quarterly on each shift
Semiannually on each shift
a. In severe climates, the fire code official shall have the authority to modify the emergency evacuation drill frequency. b. Emergency evacuation drills are required in Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge. c. Emergency evacuation drills are required in ambulatory care facilities in accordance with Section 403.3. d. Emergency evacuation drills in Group R-2 college and university buildings shall be in accordance with Section 403.10.2.1. Other Group R2occupancies shall be in accordance with Section 403.10.2.2. e. Day cares collocated on a Group E campus shall participate in emergency drills occurring on the campus. f. Applicable to boarding homes, group homes, and residential treatment facilities licenced by the State of Washington. Maintain current amendment: 405.4 Time. Drills shall be held at unexpected times and under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions that occur in case of fire an emergency. Maintain current amendment: 405.5 Recordkeeping. Records shall be maintained of required emergency evacuation drills and include the following information: 24
1. Identity of the person conducting the drill. 2. Date and time of the drill. 3. Notification method used. 4. Staff members on duty and participating. 5. Number of occupants participating. 6. Special conditions simulated. 7. Problems encountered and corrective actions taken. 8. Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated. 9. Time required to accomplish complete evacuation, or shelter-in-place. Modify current amendment: 405.6 Notification. Where required by the fire code official, prior notification of emergency evacuation drills shall be given to the fire code official. Modify current amendment: 405.7 Initiation. Emergency drills shall be initiated in accordance with Sections 405.7.1 through 405.7.2 405.7.3. Maintain current amendment: 405.7.1 Fire evacuation drills. Where a fire alarm system is provided, emergency evacuation drills shall be initiated by activating the fire alarm system. The fire alarm monitoring company shall be notified prior to the activation of the fire alarm system for drills proposed and again at the conclusion of the transmission and restoration of the fire alarm system to normal mode. Exception: Drills conducted between the hours of 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., in Group R-2 boarding homes, group homes, and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington. Modify current amendment: 405.7.2 Shelter-in-place drills. Shelter-in-place drills shall be initiated by the shelter-in-place alert signal, generated by an alerting system that is in accordance with Section 916 907.5.2. Maintain current amendment: 405.8 Accountability. As building occupants arrive at the assembly point, efforts shall be made to determine if all occupants have been successfully evacuated and/or have been accounted for in the shelter-in-place. Maintain current amendment: 405.9 Recall and reentry. The recall signal initiation shall be manually operated and under the control of the person in charge of the premises or the official in charge of the incident. No one shall re-enter the premises until authorized to do so by the official in charge. 25
SECTION 406 - EMPLOYEE TRAINING AND RESPONSE PROCEDURES Modify existing amendment: 406.1 General. Where fire safety and evacuation plans are required by Employees in the occupancies listed in Section 403, employees shall be trained in the fire emergency procedures described in their emergency plans. Training shall be based on these plans and as described prepared in accordance with Section 404.2 and 404.3.404. Maintain existing amendment: 406.2 Frequency. Employees shall receive training in the contents of the emergency plans and their duties as part of new employee orientation and at least annually thereafter. Records shall be kept and made available to the fire code official upon request. Modify existing amendment: 406.3 Employee training program. Employees shall be trained in fire prevention, evacuation, sheltering-in-place and fire safety in accordance with Sections 406.3.1 through 406.3.3 406.3.4. 406.3.1 Fire prevention training. Employees shall be apprised of the fire hazards of the materials and processes to which they are exposed. Each employee shall be instructed in the proper procedures for preventing fires in the conduct of their assigned duties. 406.3.2 Evacuation training. Employees shall be familiarized with the fire alarm and evacuation signals, their assigned duties in the event of an alarm or emergency, evacuation routes, areas of refuge, exterior assembly areas and procedures for evacuation. 406.3.3 Fire safety training. Employees assigned firefighting duties shall be trained to know the locations and proper use of portable fire extinguishers or other manual fire-fighting equipment and the protective clothing or equipment required for its safe and proper use. Modify existing amendment: 406.3.3 406.3.4 Emergency shelter-in-place training. Where a facility has a shelter-in-place plan, employees shall be trained on the alert and recall signals, communication system, location of emergency supplies, the use of the incident notification and alarm system, and their assigned duties and procedures in the event of an alarm or emergency. This section not adopted: 406.4 Emergency lockdown training. IFC-WAC-5154A IFC-WAC-51-
Removal of existing
Revised wording to allow
TAG review new item
occupant-use hose lines (new section in IFC)
continued enforcement of a previously approved alternative method (standpipes)
901.8.2 Removal of existing occupant-use hose lines. The fire code official is authorized to permit the removal of existing occupantuse hose lines where all of the following conditions exist: #1 Installation is not required by this code, or the International Building Code or a previously approved Alternative Method. (rest of section remains unchanged). IFC-WAC-5154A
PV TAG Review
Solar photovoltaic power systems
Delete current amendment WAC 51-54A-0605 to revise 2015 language 605.11 Solar photovoltaic power systems. Installation, modification, or alteration of solar photovoltaic power systems shall comply with this section. Due to the emerging technologies in the solar photovoltaic industry, it is understood fire code officials may need to amend prescriptive requirements of this section to meet the requirements for firefighter access and product installations. Section 104.9 Alternative materials and methods of this code shall be considered when approving the installation of solar photovoltaic power systems. Solar photovoltaic power systems shall be installed in accordance with Sections 605.11.1 through 605.11.2, the International Building Code and RCW 19.28. 605.11.1 Access and pathways. Roof access, pathways, and spacing requirements shall be provided in accordance with Sections 605.11.1.1 through 605.11.1.3.3. Exceptions: 1. Detached, nonhabitable Group U structures including, but not limited to, parking shade structures, carports, solar trellises and similar structures. 2. Roof access, pathways and spacing requirements need not be provided where the fire chief has determined that rooftop operations will not be employed. 605.11.1.1 Roof access points. Roof access points shall be located in areas that do not require the placement of ground ladders over openings such as windows or doors, and located at strong points of building construction in locations where the access point does not conflict with overhead obstructions such as tree limbs, wires or signs. 605.11.1.2 Solar photovoltaic systems for Group R-3 buildings. Solar photovoltaic systems for Group R-3 buildings shall comply with Sections 605.11.1.2.1 through 605.11.1.2.5. Exception: These requirements shall not apply to structures designed and constructed in accordance with the International Residential Code.1.1.1 Roof access points. 605.11.1.2.1 Size of solar photovoltaic array. 1. Each photovoltaic array shall be limited to 150 feet (45 720 mm) by 150 feet (45 720 mm). Multiple arrays shall be separated by a 3-footwide (914 mm) clear access pathway. 2. Panels/modules shall be located up to the roof ridge where an alternative ventilation method approved by the fire code official has determined vertical ventilation techniques will not be employed. 605.11.1.2.2 Hip roof layouts. 27
Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings with hip roof layouts shall be located in a manner that provides a 3-foot-wide (914 mm) clear access pathway from the eave to the ridge on each roof slope where panels and modules are located. The access pathway shall be at a location on the building capable of supporting the fire fighters accessing the roof. Exception: These requirements shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less. 605.11.1.2.3 Single-ridge roofs. Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings with a single ridge shall be located in a manner that provides two, 3-foot-wide (914 mm) access pathways from the eave to the ridge on each roof slope where panels and modules are located. Exception: This requirement shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less. 605.11.1.2.4 Roofs with hips and valleys. Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings with roof hips and valleys shall not be located closer than 18 inches (457 mm) to a hip or a valley where panels/modules are to be placed on both sides of a hip or valley. Where panels are to be located on only one side of a hip or valley that is of equal length, the panels shall be permitted to be placed directly adjacent to the hip or valley. Exception: These requirements shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less. 605.11.1.2.5 Allowance for smoke ventilation operations. Panels and modules installed on Group R-3 buildings shall be located not less than 18 inches (457 mm) from the ridge in order to allow for fire department smoke ventilation operations. Exception: Panels and modules shall be permitted to be located up to the roof ridge where an alternative ventilation method approved by the fire chief has been provided or where the fire chief has determined vertical ventilation techniques will not be employed. 605.11.1.3 Other than Group R-3 buildings. Access to systems for buildings, other than those containing Group R-3 occupancies, shall be provided in accordance with Sections 605.11.1.3.1 through 605.11.1.3.3. Exception: Where it is determined by the fire code official that the roof configuration is similar to that of a Group R-3 occupancy, the residential access and ventilation requirements in Sections 605.11.1.2.1 through 605.11.1.2.5 shall be permitted to be used. 605.11.1.3.1 Access. There shall be a minimum 6-foot-wide (1829 mm) clear perimeter around the edges of the roof. Exception: Where either axis of the building is 250 feet (76 200 mm) or less, the clear perimeter around the edges of the roof shall be permitted to be reduced to a minimum 4 foot wide (1290 mm). 605.11.1.3.2 Pathways. The solar installation shall be designed to provide designated pathways. The pathways shall meet the following requirements: 1. The pathway shall be over areas capable of supporting fire fighters accessing the roof. 28
2. The centerline axis pathways shall be provided in both axes of the roof. Centerline axis pathways shall run where the roof structure is capable of supporting fire fighters accessing the roof. 3. Pathways shall be a straight line not less than 4 feet (1290 mm) clear to roof standpipes or ventilation hatches. 4. Pathways shall provide not less than 4 feet (1290 mm) clear around roof access hatch with not less than one singular pathway not less than 4 feet (1290 mm) clear to a parapet or roof edge. 605.11.1.3.3 Smoke ventilation. The solar installation shall be designed to meet the following requirements: 1. Arrays shall be not greater than 150 feet (45 720 mm) by 150 feet (45 720 mm) in distance in either axis in order to create opportunities for fire department smoke ventilation operations. 2. Smoke ventilation options between array sections shall be one of the following: 2.1. A pathway 8 feet (2438 mm) or greater in width. 2.2. A 4-foot (1290 mm) or greater in width pathway and bordering roof skylights or gravity-operated dropout smoke and heat vents on not less than one side. 2.3. A 4-foot (1290 mm) or greater in width pathway and bordering all sides of nongravity-operated dropout smoke and heat vents. 2.4. A 4-foot (1290 mm) or greater in width pathway and bordering 4-foot by 8-foot (1290 mm by 2438 mm) “venting cutouts” every 20 feet (6096 mm) on alternating sides of the pathway. 605.11.2 Ground-mounted photovoltaic arrays. Ground-mounted photovoltaic arrays shall comply with Section 605.11 and this section. Setback requirements shall not apply to groundmounted, free-standing photovoltaic arrays. A clear, brushfree area of 10 feet (3048 mm) shall be required for ground-mounted photovoltaic arrays. IFC-WAC-51N/A – 903.2.1.6 Assembly occupancies TAG discussion AM Revised to require all floors in 54A TAG on roofs the building to be sprinklered, review vs, only to main level of new item egress.
[F] 903.2.1.6 Assembly occupancies on roofs. Where an occupied roof has an assembly occupancy with an occupant load exceeding 100 for Group A-2 and 300 for other Group A occupancies, all floors between the occupied roof and the level of exit discharge the building shall be equipped with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2. (the rest of the section remains unchanged). IFC-WAC-5154A
N/A – TAG review new item
Automatic sprinkler system restrictions
N/A TAG review new item
CO2 systems language ‘for beverage dispensing’ is deleted
Added CO2 for I-502 facilities
105.6.4 Carbon dioxide systems used in beverage dispensing applications. An operational permit is required for carbon dioxide systems used in beverage dispensing applications having more than 100 pounds of carbon dioxide. 5307.1 General. Carbon dioxide systems with more than 100 pounds (45.4kg) of carbon dioxide used in beverage dispensing applications shall comply with Sections 5307.2 through 5307.5.2. IFC-WAC-5115-150-B 903.2.6 I-4 Sprinklers and Fire Traci Harvey AM Coordinated with 15-006 54A 907.2.6.4 alarm
903.2.6 Group I. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings with a Group I fire area. Exceptions: 1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.2 shall be permitted in Group I-1 Condition 1 facilities. 2. An automatic sprinkler system is not required where Group I-4 day care facilities are at the level of exit discharge and where every room where care is provided has not fewer than one exterior exit door. 2. An automatic sprinkler system is not required in Group I-4 day care facilities with an occupant load of 100 or less, and located at the level of exit discharge, and every room in which care is provided has not fewer than one exterior exit door.
3. In buildings where Group I-4 day care is provided on levels other than the level of exit discharge, an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 shall be installed on the entire floor where care is provided, all floors between the level of care and the level of exit discharge and all floors below the level of exit discharge other than areas classified as an open parking garage. 907.2.6.4 Group I-4 Occupancies. A manual fire alarm system that initiates the occupant notification signal utilizing an emergency voice/alarm communication system meeting the requirements of Section 907.5.2.2 and installed in accordance with Section 907.6 shall be installed in Group I-4 occupancies. When automatic sprinkler systems or smoke detectors are installed, such systems or detectors shall be connected to the building fire alarm system. Exceptions: 1. A manual fire alarm system is not required in Group I-4 occupancies with an occupant load of 50 or less. 2. Emergency voice/alarm communication systems meeting the requirements of Section 907.5.2.2 and installed in accordance with Section 907.6 shall not be required in Group I-4 occupancies with occupant loads of 100 or less, provided that activation of the manual fire alarm system initiates an approved occupant notification signal in accordance with Section 907.5 IFC- WAC-5154A
Alarm designer and installer
907.10 NICET: National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies 30
AM (withdrew proposal 15-073)
Qualifications for design and install
907.10.1 Scope-This section shall apply to new and existing fire alarm systems 907.10.2 Design Review: All construction documents shall be reviewed by a NICET III in fire alarms or a licensed Professional Engineer (PE) in Washington prior to being submitted for permitting. The reviewing professional shall submit a stamped, signed, and dated letter; or a verification method approved by the local Authority Having Jurisdiction indicating the system has been reviewed and meets or exceeds the design requirements of the State of Washington and the local jurisdiction. (Effective July 1, 2017) 907.10.3 Installation/Maintenance: All installation, inspection, testing, maintenance and programing not defined as “Electrical Work” by RCW 19.28 shall be completed by a NICET II in fire alarms. (Effective July 1, 2017) AS – Approved as submitted AM – Approved as modified W – Withdrawn NF – Not forwarded