Soil Properties and Behavior - Recent Developments -

10th G.A. Leonards Lecture April 13, 2012 - Purdue U. Understanding Soil Properties and Behavior - Recent Developments A personal journey inspired i...
Author: Cori Ferguson
3 downloads 1 Views 5MB Size
10th G.A. Leonards Lecture April 13, 2012 - Purdue U.

Understanding

Soil Properties and Behavior - Recent Developments A personal journey inspired in Jerry Leonards

J. Carlos Santamarina Georgia Institute of Technology

1921 Born (April 29, Montreal) 1943 1944 44-45 1945 45-46 1948

BSc ( McGill University ) Army @ McGill Canadian Mines & Resources Married Canadian DoT MSc (Purdue)

1952 1952 1955 1958

PhD (Purdue): Compacted clay Assistant Professor Associate Professor Full Professor

1960 US Citizen 1965 Norman Medal

1976 "Best CE Teacher"

1980 Terzaghi Lecture – Failures 1985 Workshop Dam Failures 1989 Member NAE

1991 Professor Emeritus 1997 Died (February 1)

Taught Mechanics & Drafting "MUD-LAB" (compaction and shear tests) 6 week trip in the USA (Shannon, Casagrande) Harvard? Caltech? Purdue?

1921 Born (April 29, Montreal) 1943 1944 44-45 1945 45-46 1948

BSc ( McGill University ) Army @ McGill Canadian Mines & Resources Married Canadian DoT MSc (Purdue)

Frozen ground Pavements

1952 1952 1955 1958

PhD (Purdue): Compacted clay Assistant Professor Associate Professor Full Professor

Clays: -history

1960 US Citizen 1965 Norman Medal

Friction (and vibration) Clays - Repeated loading Cracking Earth Dams Shallow Foundations

1976 "Best CE Teacher"

Sands: -history; vibration; dynamic compaction Fly Ash Failures Pile Foundations

1980 Terzaghi Lecture – Failures 1985 Workshop Dam Failures 1989 Member NAE

Slope Stability – Landfills – Dam failures Weak seams Lateral Earth Pressure Culverts Undrained loading – Liquefaction of sands Tower of Pisa

1991 Professor Emeritus 1997 Died (February 1)

Hydraulic conductivity, piping, erosion

1921 Born (April 29, Montreal) 1943 1944 44-45 1945 45-46 1948

BSc ( McGill University ) Army @ McGill Canadian Mines & Resources Married Canadian DoT MSc (Purdue)

1952 1952 1955 1958

PhD (Purdue): Compacted clay Assistant Professor Associate Professor Full Professor

1960 US Citizen 1965 Norman Medal

1976 "Best CE Teacher"

1980 Terzaghi Lecture – Failures 1985 Workshop Dam Failures 1989 Member NAE

1991 Professor Emeritus 1997 Died (February 1)

Clays Sands Fly Ash Frozen ground Discontinuities - Weak seams Friction Hydraulic conductivity Piping, erosion Pavements - Culverts Shallow and Deep Foundations Slopes and dams Lateral Earth Pressure Failures

Energy Geotechnology

Energy Geotechnology

GAL

Historical Geology (Homework #1)

Energy and Life 1.0

Human Development Index

HDI 

(Global 2008)

LEI  EI  GDPI 3

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

data spirces: CIA, UN, EIA

0.0 0.01

0.10

1.00

10.00

Total power per person [kW/person] C. Pasten

Energy and Life

(Global: 2008 – BRIC trends: 1980-2007)

1.0

1 billion Human Development Index

USA 0.8

Russia Brazil 0.6

China India

0.4

0.2

0.0 0.01

0.10

1.00

10.00

Total power per person [kW/person]

Countries following the same trend: P  HDI 

Sources – Case: USA 2008 LLNL – DOE Units: [QUADS]

Efficiency in geotechnology?

crushing~20% … also segregation

Repetitive loading: further work needed

Energy Geotechnology Vibration and repetitive loading: common ! stress: e.g., foundations

temperature: energy piles miscible/immiscible fluid fronts: e.g., geo-storage

Slopes Instability & Dam Failures

GAL's analysis of failures:

Multiple working hypotheses + Falsification

GAL's life:

either PASSIONATE or SKEPTICAL

Teton

Baldwin Hill

Malpasset

Pre-session meal  "harmony"

Vajont

Vajont Landslide 9 October 1963

L. Muller L. G. Belloni J. Hendron F.D. Patton

http://www.landslideblog.org

Baldwin Hills Reservoir 14 December 1963

R.F. Scott

http://www3.gendisasters.com

Teton Dam June 5, 1976

http://www.geol.ucsb.edu

M. Duncan J. Sherard J.W. Hilf

http://wwweng.uwyo.edu

Malpasset Dam

P. Londe J. L. Serafin W. Wittke

December 2, 1959

The Man In A Red Turban Jan van Eyck (1433 - Oil)

Conclusions

GAL

"Lessons Learned"

G.A. Leonards: (1) deepest clear-thinker (2) passion

Emphasized:

Understanding Historical geology Discontinuities – Weak seams

Multiple working hypotheses + Falsification

Contributions: soils, geo-processes, engineering

Renewed relevance in the context of energy geotechnology

Fascinating field !!

Closing Remarks Workshop on Dam Failures " Speaking for myself, in the future I will be more humble and more tolerant of the errors and omissions that may befall a fellow engineer …. and [I will be] a lot more careful before taking a decision that could affect the security of an important structure" Leonards 1985

Thank you !