## Simple Machines Guided

® Guided Reading Simple Machines Report 640L Written by Wiley Blevins Key IDEA  This nonfiction text explains how we use simple machines to make w...
Author: Noah Perkins
®

Simple Machines

Report 640L

Written by Wiley Blevins Key IDEA  This nonfiction text explains how we use simple machines to make work easier in our daily lives.

Session 1  Text Selection: pp. 4–13

Students

key idea: text selection  The first chapter explains the relationship between force and work. Then the next portion of the text explains how some simple machines (inclined plane, lever, and wedge) work.

Session Learning Focus/Standards RI.2.2 Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

SL.2.1b Build on others’ talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others

X = not demonstrated/not articulated

✓= demonstrated/articulated

PREVIEWING THE TEXT

5 minutes

 oday’s book is titled Simple Machines. Let’s look at the photo on the front cover. What do T you see? The view of the photo helps us see different parts of the machine. What do you notice?  hose are good observations. Now preview the chapter titles in the table of contents. What T will be our purpose for reading this book?

10 minutes

 e’ve set a purpose for reading this text. Let’s begin by reading pages 4 through 7. What is W this part of the book about?

 hink back to the first chapter. How does the title give a clue about what this chapter is T mostly about? Who can answer the question?  ou identified the main topic of this chapter. Now, let’s look at the first paragraph. Can Y someone explain the main topic of that paragraph in one sentence? I like the way you explained the main topic in your own words.  s we read today, think about our purpose for reading and the main topics of chapters and A paragraphs. This will help you understand the “big picture” in each section of the book.

DISCUSSING THE TEXT

10 minutes

 et’s look at Chapter 3 and reveiw what we learned in this section of the book. How does this L chapter relate to our purpose for reading? How does the chapter title connect to the main topic of this chapter? Take another look at the first paragraph. Who can explain the main topic of that paragraph? Yes, and the photo shows exactly how an inclined plane works.  ook at page 8 and reread the last paragraph. How can we find the meaning of the word L ramp?  et’s start by looking for other words that might help, or context clues. What did you L find out?  et’s check the glossary as well. The glossary says that a ramp is a “flat surface that is L slanted.” That definition confirms what you said. Who can think of a place you have seen a ramp?  ou’ve found the main idea of chapters and paragraphs in those chapters. Remember to use Y this strategy as you read other informational texts.

2  Simple Machines

®

Simple Machines

Report 640L

Written by Wiley Blevins Key IDEA  This nonfiction text explains how we use simple machines to make work easier in our daily lives.

Students

Session 2  Text Selection: pp. 4–13

Session Learning Focus/Standards RI.2.2 Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

RI.2.5 Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently. RI.2.8 Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text. SL.2.1b Build on others’ talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others.

X = not demonstrated/not articulated

✓= demonstrated/articulated

RETURNING TO THE TEXT

5 minutes

Let’s quickly review our discussion from the last session.  hen you read a text with a lot of information, think about the main ideas to understand the W important points.

10 minutes

 oday we’re going to continue to think about the main ideas as we read. We’ll also use text T features, and look for reasons that support points in the text. Read pages 8 through 11 silently. Let’s take a look at page 9. Who can explain the main idea of this chapter? Mondo Bookshop Grade 2   1

 he first paragraph explains how a lever works. Let’s look at the labels on the illustration. T How do they help you understand the text?  es, and the photo of the children on the seesaw helps us understand more about how this Y works. Earlier, the author explained that simple machines help us with work. What reasons does he give to support how a lever helps us? These reasons support the author’s point about work.

DISCUSSING THE TEXT

10 minutes

 et’s look closely at the information on pages 12 and 13. Who can begin by explaining the L main idea of this chapter?  he chapter title helps us focus on this main idea. Take a quick look at the first paragraph. T Who can summarize the main idea in a sentence? Why is this main idea important?  he main ideas connect to each other to help us understand new information. We know the T author thinks that simple machines help with work in our daily lives. What reasons does he give to support this idea about screws? I like the way you added to each other’s ideas. Suppose we wanted to find all of the information about screws in this book. What text feature would help us find these pages?  he index is a list of important topics, and it gives the page number where each can be found. T Let’s check the index on page 24 and see what we find. What can we learn about screws on page 7? The photo shows details that deepen our understanding of how screws work. Let’s take a look at the word sharpener on page 11. What root word do you see? Who can explain the meaning of that word? What’s the first suffix that you see at the end of the word? Who can explain how the meaning of the word changes? What suffix is at the end of the word? How does the word change again?  ou may come across two suffixes at the end of a word. Look carefully and think about the Y root word and how the meaning of the word changes.  ou thought about main ideas and used text features to find key details. You also described Y reasons that support some of the author’s points. Remember to use these strategies when you read other informational texts.

2  Simple Machines

®

Simple Machines

Report 640L

Written by Wiley Blevins Key IDEA  This nonfiction text explains how we use simple machines to make work easier in our daily lives.

Session 3  Text Selection: pp. 14–22 Students

key idea: text selection  Chapters 6–10 explain more about simple machines, and describe the difference between simple machines and complex machines.

Session Learning Focus/Standards RI.2.2 Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

RI.2.5 Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently. RI.2.8 Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text. SL.2.1b Build on others’ talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others.

✓= demonstrated/articulated

RETURNING TO THE TEXT

X = not demonstrated/not articulated

5 minutes

 s we read, we’ll continue to identify the main ideas of chapters and paragraphs. We’ll also A use text features to help us understand more about these topics. Why do you think these are helpful strategies?