SEVENTH- DAY ADVENTI ST THEOLOGI CAL S EMI NARY
DANIEL AND REVELATION Summer Semester 2012 Instructors: Tom Shepherd, PhD Alexej Muran, PhD Student
DANIEL AND REVELATION S UMME R S E ME S TE R 20 12
G E NE R AL CL AS S I NFO RM AT I O N
Class acronym: Class name: Semester & year: Class location: Class time/day: Credits offered:
GSEM 511-001 Daniel and Revelation Summer Semester 2012 Seminary N150 3:30 pm – 6:20 pm, Monday – Thursday (June 11-July 5) 3
I NS T RU CTO R CO NTACT D E TAI L S
Instructor: Telephone: Email: Office location: Secretary: Email: Office location:
Tom Shepherd, PhD 269-471-6574 [email protected]
N325 Rachel Sauer, ext. 3219 [email protected]
Instructor: Telephone: Email: Secretary: Email: Office location:
Alexej Muran 269-471-6932 [email protected]
Dorothy Show, ext. 2861 [email protected]
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B UL L E T I N CL AS S DI S CRI PT I O N
Survey of Daniel and Revelation, laying basic exegetical and hermeneutical foundations for proper use of these books in preaching and evangelism. Prerequisite: Beginning level Greek and Hebrew required.
CL AS S O B J E CT I V E S
The primary objectives of this class are to:
Recognize valid hermeneutical principles for the interpretation of Daniel and Revelation that in a logical and consistent manner both delimit the possibilities for interpreting the metaphoric symbols of these apocalyptic books and provide clear direction for persuasive exegesis. Delineate and critique the four major schools of interpreting apocalyptic literature – Preterism, Futurism, Idealism, and Historicism. Utilize the hermeneutical principles outlined in the class to present the Historicist interpretation of Daniel and Revelation with exegetical detail, historical background, logical argumentation, and meaningful application for the church today.
Secondary objectives include:
Ability to preach the messages of Daniel and Revelation in evangelistic and church settings in a manner that is hermeneutically and exegetically sound and that draws people to recognize the need to turn toward God in faith and repentance.
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T E XT B O O K S , RE CO MME ND E D RE ADI N G S AND CL AS S B I B L I O G RAPH Y
Required Reading for Daniel: 1.
Doukhan, Jacques B. Secrets of Daniel: Wisdom and Dreams of a Jewish Prince in Exile. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald, 2000. 2. Stefanovic, Zdravko. Daniel: Wisdom to the Wise. Nampa, Idaho: Pacific Press, 2007. 3. Steinmann, Andrew E. Daniel. ConC. Saint Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2008. Recommended Readings for Daniel: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9.
Baldwin, Joyce G. Daniel: An Introduction and Commentary. Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity, 1978. Collins, John J. Daniel: A Commentary on the Book of Daniel Hermeneia: A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993. Doukhan, Jacques. Daniel: The Vision of the End. Rev. ed. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 1989. Goldingay, John. Daniel. WBC 30. Dallas, TX: Word Books, 1989. Holbrook, Frank B. The Seventy Weeks, Leviticus, and the Nature of Prophecy. DARCOM. Washington, D.C.: Biblical Research Institute General Conference of Seventhday Adventists, 1986. ____________. Symposium on Daniel: Introductory and Exegetical Studies. DARCOM. Washington, D.C.: Biblical Research Institute, 1986. Longman, Tremper. Daniel: The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1999. Shea, William H. Daniel: A Reader's Guide. Nampa, Idaho: Pacific Press, 2005 Stortz, Rodney, and R. Kent Hughes. Daniel: The Triumph of God's Kingdom Preaching the Word. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2004.
Required Reading for Revelation: 1. Stefanovic, Ranko. Revelation of Jesus Christ. 2nd ed. Berrien Springs, MI: AU Press, 2009. 2. Paulien, Jon. The Deep Things of God. Hagerstown, MD: Review & Herald, 2004. Recommended Readings for Revelation: 1. Anderson, Roy Allan. Unfolding the Revelation. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1961. 2. Beale, G. K. The Book of Revelation. NIGTC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999. 3. Collins, Adela Yarbro. The Combat Myth in the Book of Revelation. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2001. 4. ____________. Crisis & Catharsis: The Power of the Apocalypse. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1984. 5. Holbrook, Frank B., ed. Symposium on Revelation – Books I, II. DARCOM Series, vol. 67. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, 1992. 6. LaRondelle, Hans. How to Understand the End-Time Prophecies of the Bible. Sarasota, FL: First Impressions, 1997. SEVENTH- DAY ADVENTI ST THEOLOGI CAL S EMINARY 4
Maxwell, C. Mervyn. God Cares, vol. 2. Boise, ID: Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1985. 8. Mounce, Robert. The Book of Revelation. NICNT, rev. ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998. 9. Naden, Roy. The Lamb among the Beasts. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1996. 10. Shea, William H. Selected Studies on Prophetic Interpretation. DARCOM Series, vol. 1. Lincoln, NE: General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, 1982.
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G RADI NG CRI T E RI A AN D CO U RS E AS S E S S ME NT I T E MS
Criteria for Grades Your final grade in this class is based on your scores on assignments and tests in the two parts of the course. Each section is worth 50% of the overall grade (50% for Daniel, 50% for Revelation). Each professor grades materials for his section. The scores for the two are combined to give your final percentage. See the details of grading procedure below and the grade scale. Rubrics for grading class assignments and papers are provided by the professors. Passing Grades It is necessary to obtain a minimum grade of 60% on each exam in this course in order to receive a passing grade in the course. Assignment Submission Your assignments such as reading reports, analysis assignments and research papers, are turned in to the professor in hard copy on the due date at the beginning of class that day. If the assignment is due after the last day of class, the assignment is turned in to the professor at the location he designates before 5 p.m. Late Submission Assignments are due when class begins. After the class ends the assignment is late and loses 10% of its value per day. Thus from the end of class to the beginning of class the next day the assignment is docked 10%, at the beginning of class on the second day, the assignment has lost 20%. There is no deduction for Sabbaths (a day of grace). Grading Percentages Each section of the course has assignments worth 50% of the final grade as follows:
Daniel Section Required Reading in Daniel Short Term Paper Presentation Exam Total
15% 15% 5% 15% 50%
Revelation Section Required Reading in Revelation Analysis Assignments Exam Total
15% 15% 20% 50%
Assignment Details for Daniel 1. Required Reading. Study the required reading as follows: a. Read Daniel 1-7 (due June 12) and 8-12 (due June 18) in any language. b.
Jacques Doukhan, Secrets of Daniel: read the whole book. Turn in a 2-3 page evaluation. Due Thursday, June 14, 2012
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Steinmann, Andrew E. Daniel. Concordia Commentary. Read any 150 pages. Turn in a 2-3 page evaluation. Due Thursday, June 21, 2012.
Write a short exegesis paper Each student will prepare a short exegetical paper (5-10 page) on a short prophetic passage from the book of Daniel (chosen from Dan 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12) presenting and applying the theological message of the book of Daniel. The paper is due Thursday, July 5, 2012. Each student will make a short five-minute presentation of his or her paper. Student presentations are scheduled for June 21, 2012.
Exam The Daniel test will be based on Secrets of Daniel and lectures. The Daniel exam is scheduled for Wednesday, June 20.
Assignment Details for Revelation 1.
Required Reading. Read the following: a. The entire book by Jon Paulien, The Deep Things of God. Prepare a 1-3 page report focusing attention on 5 valuable interpretive keys you found in the book. State in the report what pages you have read. Due Thursday, June 28. b.
Pages 325-476 for The Revelation of Jesus Christ, 2nd ed. by Ranko Stefanovic. Focus attention on one to two passages that particularly interested you. State in the report what pages you have read. Due Thursday, July 5.
Analysis Assignments Five analysis assignments are required for the Revelation section of this course. The forms will be handed out by the professor. Each student does the 5 analysis assignments in preparation for the class discussion of the class topics. The due dates are found in the course outline below. The 5 assignments are designed to engage the student in considering one problem linked to the chapter or chapters under discussion. Your work is to be your own. If you consult commentaries or articles, note this by listing the bibliographic information and pages for each used on your assignment sheet.
Exam The Revelation test will be based on class notes and the reading in The Revelation of Jesus Christ by Stefanovic. The Revelation exam is scheduled for the last period on Thursday, July 5. Material covered in the first two periods on July 5 will not be included in the exam, but attendance at these two lecture periods is required or 10% will be deducted from the student’s score on the exam.
95-100 90-94 86-89 80-85 75-79
A AB+ B B-
70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 0-54
C+ C CD F
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MAS T E R O F DI V I NI T Y C O MPE T E NCI E S
Perceptive Student of the Bible
Demonstrates advanced understanding of Bible contents Understands social and historical backgrounds of the Bible and the influence of culture on interpretation Values the principle of Sola Scriptura and the need for the Holy Spirit in interpreting Scripture Practices sound methods of exegesis using original languages, guided by appropriate hermeneutics.
Exegesis Paper Exams Exams
Reading reports Exegesis paper
Exegesis paper Analysis assignments
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MAS T E R O F DI V I NI T Y C O MPE T E NCY C H E CK L I S T P = Primary Competencies S = Secondary Competencies 1. Maturing Christian a Accepts the central role and the transforming power of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in his/her spiritual life. Knowing b Knows how to use the biblical spiritual disciplines, especially prayer and the study of Scripture. c Values his/her call to ministry and personal spiritual gifts. Being d Is committed to reflecting the character of Christ and exemplifying personal integrity and professional ethics. e Cultivates the harmonious development of the mental, physical, spiritual and social dimensions of life. Practices the biblical virtues of grace, acceptance, and forgiveness, especially within his/her marriage and family. Doing f g Interacts positively with people of other cultures and religions. 2. Perceptive Student of the Bible a Demonstrates advanced understanding of Bible contents. Knowing b Understands the social and historical backgrounds of the Bible and the influence of culture on biblical interpretation. c Demonstrates advanced understanding of Bible history, doctrines, and theology. d Values regular Bible study and deep reflection upon it. Being e Values the principle of Sola Scriptura and the need for the Holy Spirit in interpreting Scripture. Practices sound methods of exegesis using original languages, guided by appropriate hermeneutics. Doing f 3. Developing Theologian a Demonstrates advanced understanding of Christian history, theology, philosophy, ethics and mission. Knowing b Demonstrates advanced understanding of Adventist history, theology, doctrines, lifestyle, and practices. c Understands the role and influence of Ellen G. White and her writings on Seventh-day Adventist theology, mission, and ministry. d Embraces an Adventist theology, identity, and mission informed by the Great Controversy theme. Being e Is conversant with major world religions and can communicate biblical truth cross-culturally. Values scholarship, professional growth, and lifelong learning. f Doing g Engages in biblical and theological reflection as the basis for ministry. 4. Inspiring Biblical Preacher and Worship Leader a Knows how to design public worship that is biblically and theologically sound and contextually relevant. Knowing b Knows how to use different styles of preaching to engage diverse hearers. c Places high value on preaching Scriptural truth including the distinctive beliefs of Seventh-day Adventists. Being d Values congruence between the message preached and his/her life. e Preaches with clarity and persuasiveness. Doing Is able to design and lead theologically-based, culturally and cross culturally sensitive corporate worship of the Creator God. f 5. Discipling Pastor a Knows how the principles of pastoral care influence all aspects of ministry. Knowing b Recognizes the dynamics and complexity of human nature. c Respects the individual’s uniqueness and God-given ability to address life’s issues. Being d Values the power of faith and intercessory prayer. e Is able to inspire and mentor members in spiritual growth. Demonstrates ability to build community and nurture positive relationships. f Doing g Disciples individuals through passionate Bible teaching. 6. Persuasive Evangelist and Apologist a Is familiar with contemporary missiological evangelistic and theological issues and trends. Knowing b Has a practical knowledge of how to lead people, including those from diverse cultural and religious backgrounds to Christ. c Has a passion for lost people and calls individuals to a decision for Christ and the church in the context of the three angels’ messages. Being d Is sensitive to all cultures and faiths in presenting the gospel. Doing e Defends the faith with a Christocentric emphasis. 7. Transforming Leader a Embraces the biblical and theological principles of servant leadership. Knowing b Understands leadership and organizational theory as they apply to the church and its administration. c Appreciates the importance of leadership and church polity in facilitating Seventh-day Adventist mission. Being d Values Christian education and other forms of youth ministry. e Has the ability to minister to and to empower people for ministry in diverse and multi-cultural settings. Doing Is able to organize, equip, and mobilize congregations effectively for mission and ministry. f 8. Prophetic Change Agent a Understands the Scriptural and theological basis for the church’s moral engagement in the world. Knowing b Values a sense of justice and advocates for equity, fairness, and religious liberty for all. c Is an agent of the reconciling ministry of Christ and a peacemaker. Being d Is able to analyze, interpret, and critique contemporary social, cultural, and political issues in the light of biblical truth. Doing e Identifies social needs and responds in ways that incarnate the Gospel in the world.
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CL AS S PO L I CI E S
Attendance Attendance record is taken each day. University policy requires that students attend class. Three tardies equals one absence. Missing more than 10% of class is grounds for failure in the course. Excused absences are for illness. When you are sick send an email to the professor indicating that you are unable to attend class due to sickness. Disability Accommodations Andrews University complies with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act; therefore, if you have a documented disability and would like to request accommodations, please schedule an appointment with the instructor. Examinations “Credit is not granted in courses unless the required examinations are completed by the student. Students are expected to follow the published examination schedule. In cases where the schedule requires a student to complete four exams in one day, arrangements may be made with the dean to complete one of the examinations at another time.” Andrews University Bulletin 2010, page 29
Teacher Tardiness “Teachers have the responsibility of getting to class on time. If a teacher is detained and will be late, the teacher must send a message to the class with directions. If after 10 minutes no message has been received, students may leave without penalty. If teacher tardiness persists, students have the right to notify the department chair, or if the teacher is the department chair, to notify the dean.” Andrews University Bulletin 2010, page 30
Academic Integrity Andrews University takes seriously all acts of academic dishonesty. Academic dishonesty includes (but is not limited to) falsifying official documents; plagiarizing; misusing copyrighted material; violating licensing agreements; using media from any source to mislead, deceive or defraud; presenting another’s work as one’s own; using materials during a quiz or examination other than those specifically allowed; stealing, accepting or studying from stolen examination materials; copying from another student; or falsifying attendance records. For more details see the Andrews University Bulletin 2010, page 30. “Consequences may include denial of admission, revocation of admission, warning from a teacher with or without formal documentation, warning from a chair or academic dean with formal documentation, receipt of a reduced or failing grade with or without notation of the reason on the transcript, suspension or dismissal from the course, suspension or dismissal from the program, expulsion from the university or degree cancellation. Disciplinary action may be retroactive if academic dishonesty becomes apparent after the student leaves the course, program or university.” Andrews University Bulletin 2010, page 30
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T E NTAT I V E O UT L I NE O F TO PI CS AN D AS S I G NME N T S
Introduction to the course. Relevancy and importance of the book of Daniel. Dimensions of the book of Daniel.
Analysis and evaluation of the arguments of the Maccabean Thesis. Method of Exegesis. Daniel 1.
Book Review: Doukhan
Reading: Daniel 8-12 Hebrew Text: 8:13-14
Hebrew Text: 9: 23-27
Daniel 11. Exam
Daniel 12. Students Presentations
1. Student Presentations 2. Reading Report:
Reading: Daniel 1-7
Hermeneutical principles for apocalyptic literature
Interpretive Keys for Revelation
The 2 Witnesses analysis
Time in Revelation 12 Reading Report: The Deep Things of God
Identifying the Sea Beast
Timing of the 3 Angels
FEDERAL HOLIDAY – NO CLASS
Revelation Exam Reading Report: The Revelation of Jesus Christ
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INS TRUCTO R PRO F ILE S
Tom Shepherd, PhD, DrPH, is Professor of New Testament Interpretation at the Seminary and Director of the PhD in Religion and ThD programs. He has taught at the Theological Seminary since 2008. Before that he taught at Union College in Lincoln, NE for 13 years as a professor in the Religion Division. He and his family have been missionaries to Brazil in South America (1992-1994) and to Malawi in Africa (1979-1985). Dr. Shepherd has been active in leadership within the Society of Biblical Literature, writing proposals establishing the Mark and Methodology Consultation, the Mark Group, and the Sabbath in Text, Tradition and Theology Consultation. He has also presented scholarly papers at the annual meetings of the Society of Biblical Literature. He was co-convener of the international conference Resurrection of the Dead: Biblical Traditions in Dialogue held in Louvain-la-Neuve in Belgium, April 2010. The papers of this conference will be published in 2012 by the academic publisher, Peeters, in Belgium. A list of Dr. Shepherd’s publications is attached to this syllabus. Dr. Shepherd has taught Revelation for 10 years at the undergraduate level, and at the graduate level since coming to the Seminary. He is the President-Elect of the Adventst Theological Society. Dr. Shepherd has been married for 37 years to his best friend, Sherry Shepherd, M.D. They have two grown children (Amy and Jonathan), and four grandchildren (Malachi, Nadia, Isaiah and Nathaniel). Dr. Shepherd enjoys walking every day and is the cellist in the Hope Piano Trio and the Seminary String Quartet. He is head elder of the Eau Claire Seventh-day Adventist Church where he will present a Prophecy Seminar in September-October 2012.
Alexej Muráň is a PhD student with a concentration in Old Testament Studies at the Seminary. His dissertation is titled Exegetical Theological and Intertextual Study of Eschatological Dimension of Zechariah 14. Prior to his doctoral studies he earned a BA in Religion from Southwestern Adventist University, a Master of Arts in Religion with a concentration in Old Testament Exegesis and Ancient Languages from the SDA Theological Seminary at Andrews University, and a Master of Music in Classical Guitar Performance from Roosevelt University.
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Academic Publications by Tom Shepherd, PhD Academic Professional Books Published (refereed) Markan Sandwich Stories: Narration, Definition, and Function, Andrews University Seminary Doctoral Dissertation Series, vol. 18, (Andrews University Press: Berrien Springs, 1993). Book/Volume Edited Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, Associate Editor. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl, Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010. The Trial and Death of Jesus: Essays on the Passion Narrative in Mark, eds. Geert Van Oyen and Tom Shepherd, Contributions to Biblical Exegesis & Theology, vol. 45 (Peeters: Leuven, 2006). Refereed Journal Articles “Narrative Analysis as a Text Critical Tool: Mark 16 in Codex W as a Test Case,” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 32.1 (2009): 77-98. “The Narrative Function of Markan Intercalation,” New Testament Studies 41:1995, pp. 522-540. Chapters Contributed to Book/Volume (refereed) “Do the wicked burn forever in hell? Matthew 25:46.” In Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, pp. 293-296. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl. Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010. “Does 1 John 3:9 teach that converted Christians do not sin?” In Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, pp. 422-424. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl. Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010. “Does Paul teach that all things are lawful for the Christian? 1 Corinthians 6:12.” In Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, pp. 360-362. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl. Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010. “Does the Parable of the rich man and Lazarus teach the immortality of the soul? Luke 16:22, 23.” In Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, pp. 309-312. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl. Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010. “Has the law of Moses been replaced by the grace of Jesus? John 1:17.” In Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, pp. 316-320. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl. Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010. “Is Peter the rock on which Jesus built the church? Mathew 16:18.” In Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, pp. 273-276. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl. Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010.
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“What does Jesus mean when he says we are to be ‘perfect’? Matthew 5:48.” In Interpreting Scripture: Bible Questions and Answers, pp. 265-266. Ed. Gerhard Pfandl. Biblical Research Institute 2. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute, 2010. “The Irony of Power in the Trial of Jesus and the Denial by Peter – Mark 14:53-72,” in The Trial and Death of Jesus: Essays on the Passion Narrative in Mark, eds. Geert Van Oyen and Tom Shepherd, Contributions to Biblical Exegesis & Theology, vol. 45 (Peeters: Leuven, 2006), pp. 229-245. “The Narrative Role of John and Jesus in Mark 1.1-15,” in Biblical Interpretation in Early Christian Gospels, Vol 1: The Gospel of Mark, ed. Thomas Hatina, Library of New Testament Studies, no. 304 (formerly The Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series) (T & T Clark: London, 2006), pp. 151-168. “The Interpretation of Types, Allegories, and Parables” in Understanding Scripture: An Adventist Approach, ed. George Reid, Biblical Research Institute Studies, vol. 1 (Review and Herald Publishing Association: Hagerstown, MD, 2005), p. 223-244. “Give the Poor Wretch a Drink,” in Creation, Life, and Hope: Essays in Honor of Jacques B. Doukhan, ed. Jiri Moskala (Old Testament Department, Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, Andrews University: Berrien Springs, MI, 2000), pp. 139-145. Chapter Contributed to Book or Volume (not refereed) “The Theology of Health and Healing in the Canonical Gospels,” Health 2000 and Beyond, General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, 1994, pp. 45-62.
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