Plagiarism: What is it? What are the Consequences? & How to Avoid It
What is Plagiarism?
• Plagiarism is taking the words, research, or ideas of others and presenting them as your own.
What is plagiarism? • Plagiarism is a crime. • ―Plagiarism‖ comes from a Greek word meaning ―to kidnap.‖ • Even kids know stealing someone else’s ideas is wrong.
• “I made that up!”
Types of Plagiarism Buying or stealing essays from others, including from websites Cutting and pasting information into your document—often from Internet sources Using someone else’s statistic, fact, research, or data, and not including the source Quoting or paraphrasing others and not including a source
Types of Plagiarism • Using an idea and presenting it as if you came up with it • Copying someone else’s reference page or bibliography page and using it as if you used those sources
Why do students plagiarize? • To attempt to get a good grade • To make their own writing sound ―better‖ • They don’t understand the terminology or concepts
• Laziness • They don’t realize they are plagiarizing.
What happens when you plagiarize? • At MacMurray College… • ―The instructor shall assign a grade of ―F‖ for the work or the course.‖ • ―A written report of academic dishonesty shall be given to the Academic Standards Committee.‖
What happens when you plagiarize? • ―… the Academic Standards Committee may suspend or dismiss the student from the College.‖ • This information is from ―The Maggie:‖ • http://www.mac.edu/student_affairs/index. asp
What happens when you plagiarize? • The instructor decides if you fail the assignment or the entire course. For repeat offenses you can be kicked out of school. • These instances are documented and kept on file in your permanent student record. • You can even be legally prosecuted for infringement of copyright laws!
What happens when you plagiarize? • You lose respect and trust. • You damage your integrity. • You can lose academic and career opportunities. • You don’t learn.
How can you use sources without plagiarizing? • Learn how to cite your sources. • Always use an in-text reference. • Always include a references page, a works cited page, or a bibliography page.
How can you use sources without plagiarizing? Quoting vs. Paraphrasing
• Quoting is using exact words. • Use quotation marks when quoting. • Paraphrase: to use information from a source, but not word-for-word. • Do NOT use quotation marks when paraphrasing. • Whether quoting or paraphrasing use an in-text reference and an entry on your works cited or bibliography page.
How can you use sources without plagiarizing? • Rule of thumb: if you didn’t know the information before you read your source, you need to cite it. • If you’re not required to use APA or MLA, use a casual reference in the text like: ―According to Mark Twain…‖ or ―This information is from WebMD.com.‖ • You don’t need to cite common knowledge: ―Rockford is Illinois’ 2nd largest city‖
Citing Information • In-text references include: – the authors last name, a comma, and then the year that author’s work was published: (Johnson, 1985) – or last name and page number:(Johnson 196)
• The in-text reference follows the information you are citing.
References/Works Cited/Bibliography • If you are writing in MLA, you will have a Works Cited page that lists every source that you have cited within your essay. • If you have other sources you may have read but did not use information from for your essay, these do not belong on a Works Cited page. Put them on a References page.
References/Works Cited/Bibliography • A References page is typically used with APA format. This usually includes any source you have referred to within your document. • Bibliographies are all-encompassing and can include every work you have used in your research, whether you cited them or not.
Where do you find help? • Your instructor, the library, the CLE • Ask a tutor. • Consult a writing handbook, such as Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. • Consult Online Writing Labs, such as http://owl.english.purdue.edu/.
Works Cited Example: Works Cited: Boylan, Hunter. (2002).What Works: Research-Based Best Practices in Developmental Education. (Barbara J. Calderwood, Ed.). Boone, NC: National Center for Developmental Education. Cassazza, Martha E., & Silverman, Sharon L. (1996). Learning assistance and Developmental Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Deese-Roberts, Susan (Ed.). (2003). College Reading and Learning Association Tutor Training Handbook. Lenexa. KS: College Reading and Learning Association. Downing, Skip. (2008). On Course: Strategies for Creating Success in College and in Life. Fifth Edition. Boston: Wadsworth. Higbee, Jeanne L., & Lundell, Dana B. (2005). The General College Vision: Integrating Intellectual Growth, Multicultural Perspectives, and Student Development. (Arendale, David R., Ed.)