Perspectives of GNSS application in AZERBAIJAN AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES

Applications of Global Navigation Satellite Systems Workshop Baku, Azerbaijan, 11 – 15 May 2009 Perspectives of GNSS application in AZERBAIJAN AIR NA...
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Applications of Global Navigation Satellite Systems Workshop Baku, Azerbaijan, 11 – 15 May 2009

Perspectives of GNSS application in AZERBAIJAN AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES

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INTRO ♦ AZANS – is subsidiary of “Azerbaijan Hava Yollary” CJSC and responsible for the Air Navigation Services within the airspace of Azerbaijan Republic. AZANS was established in 1996. ♦ Airspace area of Azerbaijan Republic: Land - 86,6 ths. sq.km Above Caspian sea area - 78,8 ths sq.km. Total - 165,4 ths. sq.km ♦ Air Route network – total length 8000 km. ♦ Average annual movements – 90 000 2

Main goals of AZANS ♦ To guarantee safety of the flights and highquality air navigation services to meet the international standards; ♦ To flexibly utilize new international standards and recommendations, develop and modernize technical systems and information services; ♦ To train and equip qualified personnel; ♦ To provide quick and high-quality information that meets the demands of operators; 3

ATC CENTRE ♦ Heydar Aliyev International Airport at Baku

♦ Fitted out with highest standards level ATC system ♦ ATC services according to ICAO SARP’s ♦ RVSM zones 4

Zagatala

Ganja

Nakhchivan

Lenkaran

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Baku FIR (AIP AZ 12 April 2007)

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Airspace Classification AZ

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Overflights picture H S IAK DZH OR BU AS VO KZ S MFEROPOL S E M K IC T TAN CUR EZK ENB LGO TYU VCH TRAK YLHI HARK A VARN ROSTOV ODESSA GURI S URALSK ASHKEN OSC O S SI NUKU PENZA TBI M KIN ORDA L E CHI AA EV ESTI BUL ENKO URG GRAD BI IV AZGA OW N SI OV HAN A RA U SS TK N

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

Singapore Airlines Cathay Pacific China Sothern Thai Airways Lufthansa Air France Turkish Airlines Azerbaijan Airlines Aeroflot Korean Airlines Pakistan Intl ElAl Israel Air Silk Way Airlines

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

Uzbekistan Airways Air Ukraine Kazakhstan Airlaines Malaysia Airlines British Airways Condor Cargolux Egypt Air KLM Finnair Asiana Airlines Group Lauda Air Austrian Airlines

NE WARK INTL

BEAUFORT MCAS

WE ST FREUGH ARLANDA

MANCHEST ER BIRMINGHAM KASTRUP

SCHIPHOL

RUSSIAN FEDERATIO N

HAMBURG

BRUSSE LS NATL SHE REMETYE VO ST RIGINO VNUKOVO KAZAN DOMODEDOVO VOSTOCHNY MOSCOW KURUMOCH

MINSK 1

GE NE VA COINTRIN ZURICH MUNCHEN

PE NZA

LVIV MALPENSA

SCHWECHAT

ZHULIANY K IE V BORYSPIL

LVOV

FE RIHEGY

ODESA

GUMRAK

KAZAKHSTAN

ORE NBURG

URAL SK

DIWOPU AKT YUBINS K

VOL GOGRAD

DZ HE ZKAZ GAN

AT YRAU SIMFEROPOL AST RAKHANGURIE V VITYAZEVO AS T RAKHAN SIMF EROPOL SHPAKOVSKOYE PASHKOVSKY ROS TOV

VARNA

ROSTOV NA DONU

MANAS

KZ YL-ORDA

MINERALNYYE VODY SHE VCHE NKO SOCHI NALCHIK AKTAU TBILIS I KUTAISI GEORGIA LOCHINI BATUMI TRABZON KARS GYANDZHA BAKU BINA ZVARTNOTS ERZURUM ARMENI A AZERBAIJ AN SOCHI

ATAT URK IS TANBUL

AT HINAI AT HINAI

MA GNITOG ORSK

SAMARA

TSENTRALNY

KHARKOV

DNIPROPETROVSK DONET SK

ODE SSA

BUCURES TI

SOFIA

BEIJING CAPITAL

UFA

UKRAINE CHIS INAU

ROMANIA MO LDO VA

FIUMICINO

TOLMACHEVO

BOLSHOYE SAVINO KOLTSOVO

CHARLE S DE GAULLE DUSSELDORF TEGEL ORLY FRANKFURT MAIN

ALVE RCA

KANSAI INTL

KRASNOYARSK

PULKOVO

HEAT HROW

TUR KEY

ETIME SGUT

A NKARA

KYR GYZSTAN

NUKUS

UZBEKI STAN

YUZHNY

SAMARKAND

HONG KONG INT L

TAJI KISTAN AS HKHABAD

NAKHICHEVAN VAN ARDABIL TABRIZ INT L RASHT RAMSAR

ALE PPO INTL CYPRUS SYR IA

NICOSIA

LARNACA

LEBANON BE IRUT

TUR KMENI STAN

ASHGABAT MASHHAD INTL

DAM ASCUS

MEHRABAD INTL

BEIRUT INT L

KABUL

AFG ANISTAN

TE L AVIV

ISRAEL

BAGHDAD

BEN GURION

IRAQ

JORD AN

CAIRO INTL

LAHORE

TE HRAN

IRAN

AMMAN

PAKI STAN

INDIRA GANDHI INTL

KUW AIT

BANGKOK INTL

BAHRAIN

BAHRAIN INTL JEDDAH

SAU DI ARABI A

SHARJAH INT L DUBAI INTL EMIR ATES

QUAID E AZAM INTL

OMAN

CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJ I INTL SINGAPORE CHANGI CHENNAI INTL

KUALA LUMPUR INTL

BANDARANAIKE INTL

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STATISTICS Traffic Evolution (2001 – 2006)

9000

Year

Traffic

2006

87 983

2005

85 436

2004

77 925

2003

68 724

2002

51 098

2001

49 711

8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

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Strategic role of Civil Aviation of Azerbaijan in international transport infrastructure

TRACECA TRAnsport Corridor Europe, Caucasus, Asia

Ancient Silk Way Renaissance Cargo&Passengers Airport Hub Caspian Sea natural resources exploration Caspian Sea as important Transport linkage

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♦Surveillance

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RADAR ♦ Currently the main surveillance system in use is – RADARS Advantages: ♦ Reliable ♦ Independent ♦ Passive mode detection ♦ Airborne equipment Disadvantages: ♦ Expensive equipment, ♦ Data transmission lines ♦ Expensive in operation/power consumption ♦ Mechanical part failures ♦ Coverage problems 12

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Modernization program ♦ Heydar Aliyev International Airport at Baku is equipped with modern en-route control radar RSM 970S

♦ Although there is yet the need to provide sufficient aerodrome radar control at Baku, Gyanja and Nakhchivan

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Radar Modernization ♦ Modern en-route control MSSR in Evlakh

♦ Installation of PSR/SSR is ongoing at Heydar Aliyev Int. Airport 15

Radar coverage. SSR @ 30,000’ (AIP AZ 13 May 04)

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ADS – B Disadvantages ♦ Not all aircrafts is equipped ♦ Ground augmentation system ♦ Dependence (GPS/GLONASS/GALILEO) ♦ Accuracy ♦ Transmitting (Mode S ES, VDL Mode 4, UAT) ♦ Harmonization of the requirements Advantages ♦ ICAO Global CNS/ATM Concept - Future of the Air Navigation ♦ Availability (En-route and on the Ground) ♦ Helicopter operations (onshore/offshore) ♦ Search and rescue ♦ Minimum ground infrastructure ♦ RNVA, RNP, P- RNAV facilitation ♦ Time Synchronization

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♦Surveillance ♦Navigation

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NAV AIDS ♦ DVOR ♦ DME ♦ ILS ♦ NDB ♦ VNF ADF Advantages ♦ Accurate ♦ CAT III ♦ Independent

Disadvantages ♦ Terrain requirements ♦ Limited coverage ♦ Narrow approach path (ILS)

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GNSS Disadvantages ♦CAT I ♦Dependence ♦Airborne equipment ♦Ground infrastructure ♦Uniformity of the standards Advantages ♦RNAV ♦RNP ♦Availability

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GNSS Projects in AZANS ♦ 2001 in frame of EU Southern Ring II Project ADS – B trails in Baku ♦ Satellite Meteorological Services ♦ ATC VSAT Communication ♦ A-SMGCS (MLAT/ADS-B) Implementation projects at Heydar Aliyev International Airport ♦ WAM and ADS for Helicopter operations - Onshore and for Offshore oil and gas exploration - Along the oil/gas pipelines - Search and Rescue 21

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23

24

25

26

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A-SMGCS ♦ MLAT system is a failsafe, highly reliable system for surveillance and monitoring from the final approach through to parking areas in all weather conditions ♦ Permits to:  Track vehicles and aircraft using one or more sensors (SMR, Gap Filler, ADS-B, multilateration …etc) at 1-second rate  with an accuracy of 5 metres  Present

airport movements on controller’s consoles  Determine in advance possible conflicts  Perform legal recording of the controller’s consoles  Supervise the status of the single units 28

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GPS

Mode- A/C/S DGPS Reference Station MLAT MLAT

ADS-B 1090 MHz Extended Squitters

ADS-B AS-680 Ground Station

MLAT

PSR/SSR

SMR

CAPRICORN MLAT

MLAT Mosquito

SMR MLAT ADS-B – Extendend squiter MLAT

Vehicle tracking with ADS-B ADS-B AS-680 Ground Station

A-SMGCS

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CNS/ATM concept EUROCONTROL ATM 2000+ STRATEGY

Today

ICAO CNS/ATM GLOBAL IMPLEMENTETION

NAVIGATION STRATEGY FOR ECAC

Future

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(2007 vs. 2030 in the Regulation & Growth scenario.

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FUTURE ♦ GNSS systems provide independent navigation, where the user performs on-board position determination from information received from broadcast transmissions by a number of satellites. GNSS provides highly reliable, highly accurate and high integrity global coverage independently. Although the RNP concept allows for more than one satellite navigation system to be in use simultaneously, from an aircraft equipment point of view maximum interoperability is essential as it would significantly simplify avionics and thereby reduce cost. It would also be attractive if satellite navigation systems could serve as complementary to and/or in a back-up role for each other. ♦ The introduction of air-ground data links, together with sufficiently accurate and reliable aircraft navigation systems, present the opportunity to provide surveillance services in areas which lack such services in the present infrastructure, in those areas where the current systems prove difficult, uneconomic, or even impossible, to implement. ♦ ADS is a function for use by ATS in which aircraft automatically transmit, via a data link, data derived from on-board navigation systems. As a minimum, the data should include the four-dimensional position. The ADS data would be used by the automated ATC system to present information to the controller. ADS will find beneficial application in other areas, including highdensity areas, where ADS may serve as an adjunct and/or back-up for secondary surveillance radar and thereby reduce the need for primary radar. 33

FUTURE ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

Unification of the standards, Interoperability of the GNSS / airborne equipment Certification, State support, Interstate agreements Harmonization on the regional levels Safety assessments

Benefit from - Smooth implementation of GNSS in Air Navigation

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Thank you for your attention

[email protected] 35

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