Participation processes in Biosphere Reserves: developing an intervention theory, analysis of strategies and procedural ethics

Participation processes in Biosphere Reserves: developing an intervention theory, analysis of strategies and procedural ethics by example of BRs Große...
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Participation processes in Biosphere Reserves: developing an intervention theory, analysis of strategies and procedural ethics by example of BRs Großes Walsertal, Vienna Forest and NP Nockberge

Presentation of the project: Daniel Zollner Kaprun castle 18.09.2009

Content

1.

Overview on the project

2.

Example of our work: Timeline survey Nockberge

3.

Intermediary results

4.

Conclusion

2

1.

Overview on the project

3

Approach and aim Perception from different angles

er ov G e nc na

Ch an ge /t ma rans na for ge ma me tio nt n

Pa rt ic ip at io n

Intervention

rsi e v Di

na a ty m

nt e gem

4

Principal and team

MAB-National commitee at the Austrian Academy of Sciences

Jungmeier M. Zollner D. Lange S. Grasenick K. Moser R.

Paul-Horn I. Borsdorf F. Reutz-Hornsteiner B. Rossman D. Diry Ch.

Deutschland

5

Concept and methods Scientific expertise and regional experience: hand in hand

6

2.

Example of our work: Timeline survey Nockberge

7

Research journey: “Nockberge goes to Wienerwald” Aim: Reflection of PA history by the timeline survey

8

Come together at the railway station

exit: Nockberge

09.30

arrival in Klagenfurt departure from main station Trainshoppen

12.28

Change trains Wr. Neustadt

12.54

arrival in Baden

14.00

Exkursion vineyards

17.00

Discussion about findings

18.30

Introduction BSP WW

19.30

Final event Wine tavern

08.15 08.48

arrival: Baden, Parkhotel

9

A workshop in the train: „Trainshopping“ Positive und negative remarks of the PAdevelopment are being gathered and discussed. exit: Nockberge

09.30

arrival in Klagenfurt departure from main station Trainshoppen

12.28

Change trains Wr. Neustadt

12.54

arrival in Baden

14.00

Exkursion vineyards

17.00

Discussion about findings

18.30

Introduction BSP WW

19.30

Final event Wine tavern

08.15 08.48

arrival: Baden, Parkhotel

10

Creating a common picture

exit: Nockberge

09.30

arrival in Klagenfurt departure from main station Trainshoppen

12.28

Change trains Wr. Neustadt

12.54

arrival in Baden

14.00

Exkursion vineyards

17.00

Discussion about findings

18.30

Introduction BSP WW

19.30

Final event Wine tavern

08.15 08.48

arrival: Baden, Parkhotel

11

A first timeline becomes obvious

12

Phases of the development

1980



2002

2008

+++ ++

management activities and support

+ -National Park initiative ---

Biosphere Reserve initiative

„work break“

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3.

Intermediary results: some hypothesis to discuss

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Intervention or: the issue of learning sites

A Biosphere Reserve is a permanent intervention, since a globally recognised concept and philosphy „hits the ground“ of regional implementation. Internalised patterns and ressource allocations are constantly to be discussed. Intervention is active target-oriented changing polarising

15

Intervention or: the issue of different strategies

The success of intervention is depending on the mix of different strategies. Different regions need a particular composition of tools. bottom up vs. top normative vs. process-oriented sovereign vs. participatory push vs. pull

16

Change/transformation management or: the issue of speed

Transforming a region into a BR needs adequate amount of time (not too much, not too little) enough energy to break the deadlock certain stages to run through

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Change and transformation over the time

To start again (Change) Neutreal zone, orientation To stop, get detached, to say good bye..

According W. Bridge

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Transformation management or: the issue of resistance

Transformation formula: (Whole scale change, adapted from Dannemiller and Tyson)

UxFxS>R Unsatisfaction x future perspective x first vissible successes > resistance

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Participation/Change management or: the issue of disillusion

Participative planning procedures leads to high expectations (euphoria). The frames of the BR management (long-term perspectives, intangible benefits, low legal competencies etc.) tend to disillusionate the actors at a certain stage (standard atmosphere).

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Participation or: the issue to have a say

In the normal course of life, there are „little possibilities“ to have a say towards public issues. Biosphere Reserves act as an outlet for general democratic deficiencies bring out failures and topics of the past Therefore: BR are handicaped in their development (topics of the history are overlapping future topics) participation needs to be learnt by the different actors

21

Governance or: the issue of the network

The according form of governance in the management of Biosphere Reserves are networks. The influence and success of a BR is therefore predominantely determined by its regional network-capital (basic setting of actors) the ability of the BR to communicate (communication) the ability to bring different actors together (cooperation)

22

Governance/participation or: the issue of trust and emotions

Planers and managers do have an important, but restricted influence on a „harmonic“ establishment and management of a BR. In fact, decision makers do have the highest responsibility, but are frequently not aware of this. Important aspects: population/land-owners have long-term memories emotions cannot be reached by technical plannings emotions are generated by workaday experiences trust is the most important currency in processes

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4.

Summary and conclusion

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Summary

Aim Reflection of the history to recognise (transferable) principles to understand cause and effect to act on a sound basis

Benefits for managers planers decission makers stakeholder

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Conclusion

Tremendously vast but little investigated field Inter/transdisciplinary approach difficult but worthwhile Intensified research needed Comparison with other processes Involvement of further disciplines

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Thank you for your attention!

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