Measuring violence against women in Mexico

Measuring violence against women in Mexico International framework to ensure international rights of women Convention on the Elimination of All Form...
1 downloads 0 Views 2MB Size
Measuring violence against women in Mexico

International framework to ensure international rights of women Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) 1979

Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belem do Para) 1994

InterAmerican Commission of Women

National legal framework to ensure eradication of all forms of violence against women

General Law on Women's Access to a Life Free of Violence (2007)

National Commission to Prevent and Eradicate Violence Against Women (2009)

Comprehensive Program to Prevent, Address, Punish and Eradicate Violence against Women 20142018

Nationwide Platform ensuring access to statistical information

• The NATIONAL Law on Women's Access to a Life Free of Violence provides for the creation of National Data Bank and Information Center on Incidents of Violence Against Women

Data sources for measuring violence against women in Mexico Census data

Sample surveys

Administrative Registries

National accounts

Data sources for measuring violence against women in Mexico Censuses • Government • Economic • Population and household Sample surveys

Administrative Registries

National accounts

Data sources for measuring violence against women in Mexico Censuses Sample surveys • • • • • • • • •

Occupation and Employment Victims Income and Expense Household Dynamics Time Use Demographic Social Responsibility Community participation Financial Inclusion

Administrative Registries National accounts

Data sources for measuring violence against women in Mexico Censuses Sample surveys Administrative Registries • • • • •

Morbidity Mortality Births Marriage Arrest Statistics and Court Decisions

National accounts

Data sources for measuring violence against women in Mexico Censuses

Sample surveys

Administrative Registries

National accounts • Satellite Account of Unpaid Care Work

Equality

Population

Total Women Men

CPV 2010 Dependency ratio

62.30

CPV 2010 112,236,538 57,481,307 54,855,231

Fertility 2015 Population Projections Total fertility rate

Life expectancy at birth, 2015 Total 74.95 Female 77.68 Male 72.34

2.19

Educational Attainment Indicator

Year

Total

Women

Men

2010

8.63

8.48

8.79

Rate of school attendance for population 2010 93.14 aged 6 to 15 years

93.39

92.89

Literacy rate for population aged 15 and older

2010 92.35

91.11

93.69

Percentage of population of 8-14 years in school repeating grades

2010 10.62

9.18

10.62

Average years of schooling of population 15 years and older

Violence against women Indicator

Year

Women

Prevalence of women reporting at least one incident of violence by their partner Prevalence of women in rural areas reporting at least one incident of violence by their partner Prevalence of women in urban areas reporting at least one incident of violence by their partner

2011

33.52

2011

27.84

2011

35.41

Working Families by Head of household 2010 Percentage distribution of working families by sex of head of household Total 100.00 Women 24.56 Men 75.44 2008 Percentage of working families female labor force participation by sex of the household head Total female labor force participation 70.51 Female headed working families 94.26 Male headed working families 62.61

Unemployment and time use Unemployment rate, 2015 Total 4.35 Women 4.58 Men 4.21

Average weekly hours worked of the employed population, 2015 Total 42.45 Women 37.56 Men 45.41

Indigenous population Percentage of population aged 5 and older who speak an indigenous language, 2010 Total 6.70 Women 6.64 Men 6.77 Illiteracy rate of the population speaking indigenous languages, 2010 Total 26.62 Women 33.73 Men 19.14

Statistics about government Indicator Percentage distribution of ministers Percentage distribution of the congress Percentage distribution of mayors

Year

Total

Men

Women

2012

100

82.40

17.60

2012

100

66.41

33.59

92.84

6.80

2014 99.60

Unpaid Care: domestic tasks Average weekly hours spent on domestic tasks, 2014 Total 25.33 Women 36.52 Men 12.18 Value of the household unpaid care work in relation to GDP, 2013 Total 20.54 Women 15.55 Men 4.98

Annual crude death rate for homicide of women by state (by each 100 thousand women), 2013 12.8

Guerrero Chihuahua Coahuila de Zaragoza Zacatecas Morelos Durango México Tamaulipas Colima Oaxaca Nuevo León Baja California Nacional Sinaloa Quintana Roo Sonora Michoacán de Ocampo Baja California Sur Puebla Nayarit Jalisco Chiapas Distrito Federal Campeche Guanajuato Tabasco Tlaxcala San Luis Potosí Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave Querétaro Hidalgo Aguascalientes Yucatán

10.1 7.1 7.0 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.1 1.4 1.2 0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

14.0

Annual crude death rate for homicide of women by state (by each 100 thousand women), by age groups,2013 8.0 6.7

7.0

6.4

6.7 6.1

6.0 4.9

5.0

5.1

5.0 4.6 4.2

4.0

3.9

3.8

5.2 4.7 3.7

3.2 3.0 2.0 1.0

1.8 1.0 0.5

0.0 0 to 45 to 9 10 to 15 to 20 to 25 to 30 to 35 to 40 to 45 to 50 to 55 to 60 to 65 to 70 to 75 to 80 to 85 or 14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84 older

Proportion of married or cohabitating females, incidents of physical and/or sexual abuse by her partner during the previous 12 months, 2011 9.9 9.9

Puebla Michoacán de Ocampo Nayarit México San Luis Potosí Guerrero Zacatecas Guanajuato Durango Chihuahua Colima Hidalgo Oaxaca Morelos Tlaxcala Nacional Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave Aguascalientes Campeche Jalisco Quintana Roo Yucatán Distrito Federal Coahuila de Zaragoza Querétaro Nuevo León Sonora Tamaulipas Chiapas Tabasco Baja California Sur Sinaloa Baja California

9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.2 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.2 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

Proportion of married or cohabitating females, incidents of physical and/or sexual abuse by her partner during the previous 12 months by age groups, 2011 12.0 10.4 10.0 9.0 8.1 8.0

8.1 7.6

7.6

8.1

7.9

8.2

8.5

6.3 6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0 15 to 17 18 to 19 20 to 24 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49 50 to 54 55 to 59

60 or older

Prevalence of domestic violence against women ages 15 years or older throughout their lives, 2011 México Distrito Federal Chihuahua Sonora Nayarit Baja California Colima Jalisco Morelos Quintana Roo Aguascalientes Puebla Nacional Nuevo León Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave Tlaxcala Yucatán Querétaro Michoacán de Ocampo San Luis Potosí Campeche Coahuila de Zaragoza Zacatecas Tamaulipas Sinaloa Guanajuato Baja California Sur Durango Tabasco Oaxaca Hidalgo Guerrero Chiapas

0.0

73.4 72.1 68.8 68.1 67.4 66.2 64.8 64.5 63.6 63.6 63.1 62.8 62.8 62.4 62.0 61.9 61.5 60.4 59.6 59.6 59.1 58.6 57.9 57.0 56.5 56.2 55.9 55.8 55.7 55.7 54.8 54.0 43.5

10.0

20.0

30.0

40.0

50.0

60.0

70.0

80.0

Prevalence of domestic violence against women of 15 years or older throughout their lives by age groups, 2011 80.0 70.0

65.5 61.7

66.9

68.2

67.6

66.9

65.0

64.0 60.7

60.0

50.4

53.2

50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 15 to 17 18 to 19 20 to 24 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49 50 to 54 55 to 59

60 or older

Criminal defendants, 2013 Women 7%

Men 93%

Integrated System of Statistics about Violence Against Women (SIEVM) Objective • Measure the extent and severity of violence; • Display access to services and justice for women victims of violence; and • Demonstrate government response and the allocation of resources to address this problem.

Data sources National Household Dynamics Survey

Human Rights Abuse Incident Reports

National Survey of Victims & Perception of Public Safety

Missing Person Reports

Maternal Child Abuse Surveys

Detention Centers

Violence Surveys

SIEVM Harassment

Mortality Statistics

Surveys

Medical Records of Hospital Release

Police Statistics

Penal System Records and Statistics

Court Records

Administrative Registries

Department of Justice

Penitentiary System

Courts System

Detention Centers

Administrative Registries

Hospital release

Penitentiary System

Missing persons

Human Rights Violations

Psychological Physical Patrimonial Economic Sexual

• Partner or another family member • Boss, teacher or classmate • Neighbor, friend or stranger • Government official/ public servant

Scope of violence

• • • • •

Relationship with the perpetrator

Kinds of violence

Conceptual framework

• Familial • Work-based and educational • Community based • Institutional

Consequences of violence

Non-fatal

Mortal

• Impairing physical health • Impairing mental health • Impairing reproductive health

• Homicide • Suicide • Maternal mortality • Mortality related to infectious disease

Integrated System of Statistics Violence Against Women Social context Situation of violence SIEVM

Public safety and access to justice Victims’ services Government measures to persecute gender violence

Violent Situations Framework Situation of violence Violence in general

Violence by type Sexual Physical Emotional Economic

Severity of violence Sequelae Violent deaths

Public safety and access to justice Public safety and access to justice

Public security

Perception of insecurity

Police interventions

Missing persons

Victims of Crime

Administration and enforcement of justice

Criminal proceedings

Adversarial criminal justice system

Penitentiary system

Population in custody (includes awaiting sentencing)

Population sentenced to prison

Population released from Prison

Prison overcrowding/ conditions

Victims’ Services Services for victims of violence Attention and reporting (service intake)

Counseling

Medical care

Professionals in Police and Justice

Police

Investigations

Policing and Justice Institutions Public security Procurement of justice/ investigations

Courts

Courts

Penitentiary system

Penitentiary system Institutional performance

Government Strategic Action to Combat Gender Violence Priority programs on gender violence Public policies against violence Resources for programs that address violence Government Strategic Action to Combat Gender Violence

Executive branch

Legislative branch Inclusion of women in decision-making Judicial system

Municipal governments

Conociendo México 01 800 111 46 34 www.inegi.org.mx [email protected]

@inegi_informa

INEGI Informa