Make Yourself Comfortable at Chatsworth

Teachers’ Pack Make Yourself Comfortable at Chatsworth This resource is designed for teachers to use to support their visit to Chatsworth to see our...
Author: Teresa Nash
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Teachers’ Pack

Make Yourself Comfortable at Chatsworth

This resource is designed for teachers to use to support their visit to Chatsworth to see our exciting new exhibition for 2015 and we suggest you read this pack before your visit. Why should sitting just be practical? Bringing something we all do, every day, for our whole lives to new exciting levels this exhibition will spark imagination and discussion for students of all ages and abilities. So bring your class, enjoy the house, and make yourself comfortable …

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Are you sitting comfortably? To help you on your visit to Chatsworth and our headline exhibition here is some information you may find useful to discuss with your students before you visit … Contemporary art and design is intrinsic to Chatsworth. The Devonshire family has commissioned leading artists and designers since the 17th century. Little remains of the original Elizabethan house as it was dismantled and rebuilt wing by wing by the first Duke of Devonshire between 1687 -1707 and his influence on the house can still be felt today. 1. Another family member who loved her designers and everything fashionable was Duchess Georgiana (who you may know from the Kiera Knightly film, The Duchess). Georgiana was a friend of the French Queen, MarieAntoinette, and a confirmed Francophile (a person who is fond of or greatly admires France or the French). She commissioned extensive suites of furniture from François Hervé for Devonshire House in London and Chatsworth. Georgiana’s love and delight in fashion and beauty was passed on to her son, Hart, the Sixth Duke of Devonshire who seemed to have a slight addiction to shopping! He filled Chatsworth with all sorts of furniture, sculptures, and paintings. Like his mother, he was a great patron of artists and writers, and this can be seen throughout the house and in his own personal commissions. Today the Twelfth Duke and Duchess (photographed below), and their son and daughter-in-law, share this passion. The latest family portraits exemplify this: a digital commission from Michael Craig-Martin (above) and a major installation by Edmund de Waal-trained ceramicist, Jacob van der Beugel.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Curriculum Links to the Exhibition Key Stage 1 English – Write a piece on your favourite item and read back to class Science – Distinguish between different objects and materials; identify and name some common materials and the uses of different materials Art and Design – Develop techniques of colour, pattern, texture, line, shape and form; learn about a wide range of artists and designers Design and Technology – Design purposeful, functional and appealing products; evaluate existing products and own ideas Key Stage 2 English – Give structured descriptions; consider and evaluate different viewpoints; articulate and justify opinions Maths – Draw 2D and make 3D shapes; Identify horizontal, vertical, perpendicular and parallel lines Art and Design – Use sketchbooks to collect, record and evaluate ideas; improve mastery of techniques such as drawing, painting and sculpting with varied materials; learn about great artists, architects and designers Design and Technology – Use research and criteria to develop products which are fit for purpose; evaluate existing products and improve own work Key Stage 3 Art and Design – Use a range of techniques to record observations in sketchbooks, journals and other media as a basis for exploring ideas; to increase proficiency in the handling of different materials; To analyse and evaluate their own work, and that of others, in order to strengthen the visual impact or applications of student’s work; learn about the history of art, craft, design and architecture, including periods, styles and major movements from ancient times up to the present day. Design and Technology – Analyse the work of past and present professionals and others to develop and broaden understanding; investigate new and emerging technologies; Understand developments in design and technology, its impact on individuals, society and the environment, and the responsibilities of designers, engineers and technologists.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Let’s talk about art… The following questions can be used to encourage pupils to engage with artworks on a factual, imaginative and emotional level. Open-ended questioning usually encourages a more thoughtful response from pupils. • How does the artwork / space make you feel? • Why do you think the artist chose this material? • Who/what influenced the artist? • What do you think the artist was thinking about when they created this artwork? • Where do you think they started the piece and how has it developed? • Do you think the artwork is based on reality or imagination? • Does it remind you of anything else? • How is it different to see a piece of art in the gallery compared to a book/internet? Personal Response

Process, Materials and Technique

• Do you like/dislike the artwork? Why?

• How has the artwork been made?

• What do you think it means?

• What processes have been used?

• How does it make you feel?

• What materials did the artist use to create the art work?

• What would you change about it? • If you could talk to the artist about the work what would you ask them? • Would you want to take this home, where would you put it?

• Is it realistic/ abstract? • What kind of marks / textures / details can you see on the surface? • What tools do you think were used to create it?

Form, Content, Colour • Describe the shapes and forms you can see in the artwork • Do these shapes and forms remind you of anything? • Describe the colours you can see. • Has the artist used a limited or varied palette? • How would the mood of the artwork change if it contained different colours? Factual Response

Situation

• Who made the artwork? Where was the artist born? What date was it made? What is it called?

Is there anything about the location of the artwork that links to its themes

• What is it made of? What colour is it? How was it made?

If the piece of art was located elsewhere would this affect anything about how you see the sculpture or what it makes you feel?

Education at Chatsworth

If you could display the artwork somewhere else, would you put itwww.chatsworth.org and why? A journey ofwhere discovery

Painted Hall The Painted Hall is host to Thomas Heatherwick’s Spun chairs, instantly attractive to children and adults alike.

# What is your students’ first reaction to the chairs? How would they describe them in one word?

Artist Name: Thomas Heatherwick Title of Work: Spun Date: 2010 Materials Used: Rotational-moulded matt colour polyethylene Represented by: N/A

For 20 years, Thomas Heatherwick has produced innovative design solutions with a dedication to artistic thinking and the latent potential of materials and craftsmanship. His many achievements include his breakthrough design for the United Kingdom pavilion for the Shanghai World Expo in 2010, the Olympic Cauldron for the London 2012 Olympic Games as well as the New Bus for London. His most recent project has seen the redesign of a paper mill into the Bombay Sapphire distillery.

An Honorary Member of the Royal Institute of British Architects and a Research Fellow at the Victoria and Albert Museum, Heatherwick was awarded a CBE in 2013 in recognition for his achievements in the design industry. The Studio’s design for a Garden Bridge (shown left) across the River Thames has been submitted for planning permission.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Grotto The Grotto at Chatsworth was at the heart of the First Duke's (1640 – 1707) very modern plumbing system which provided both hot and cold running water for the Duke’s sunken marble bath, which has not survived. Tap water has existed since antiquity but was available to very few people until the second half of the 19th century. Today the same water supply that the First Duke harnessed from the moors above Chatsworth also feeds the fountains; flushes toilets and powers electricity turbines. In keeping with the history of this room you will see the Water Block by Japanese artists and designer, Tokujin Yoshioka. Artist Name: Tokujin Yoshioka Title of Work: Water Block Date: 2002 Materials Used: Glass and stainless steel Represented by: Tokujin Yoshioka Inc

Yoshioka’s experimental and innovative creations, which transcend the boundaries between art, design, and architecture, are highly respected worldwide. He has works in some of the leading museums of the world such as Museum of Modern Art in New York, Centre National d’Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou in Paris and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. He also participated in the renovation project at the Musée d’Orsay in Paris in 2011, where he installed Water Block. He worked under other leading designers such as Shiro Kuramata and Issey Miyake before establishing his own studio in 2000. Discuss other ways of using water in sculpture. Can your students’ think of any ways of incorporating moving water? Also at Chatsworth: Revelation In the centre of the Jack Pond, located behind the Cottage Garden, is Angela Connor’s water sculpture, Revelation, which was commissioned by the 11th Duke and installed in 1999.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Oak Room As you walk down the Chapel Corridor you will reach a room on your left. This is a very unique room called the Oak Room. Here is an account from the Sixth Duke, who kept a very thorough diary, from 1845 of the various uses to which this room was put: ‘It was the dormitory of poor Dicky Smith, the Chaplain; and to this room I remember banishing the learned Parr, when he insisted on having a room to smoke in – a desire then (1813) considered most atrocious and derogatory. Of late years, when family prayers have been read, this has been the suitable place for them; and when the Grand Duke Michael Paulowitsch arrived on a visit last year at a very late hour here he had the gayest-looking supper which contrasted agreeably with the dingy walls, and looked like a jolly friar’s repast.’ The Sixth Duke also used it as a temporary home for the library of the scientist, Henry Cavendish. The reclusive scientists not only collected contemporary books but also first editions of works including Copernicus and Galileo, which are still in the collection today. Today the room is being used to showcase Thomas Mills’ work, a self-contained library, which is rather fitting considering the room’s history.

Artist Name: Thomas Mills for ifsodoso Title of Work: Long-Form-Library Date: 2010 Materials Used: Wood, lighting elements

Thomas Mills currently runs a product design and interior architecture foundation course in Moscow, Russian Federation and is Chief designer and owner of ifsodoso design company. He graduated in Fine Art Photography at Kent Institute of Art and Design and in 3D Design at Manchester Metropolitan University. Ifsodoso designs and constructs innovative furniture and sculptural objects for public or private use for a wide range of clients ranging from Jeremy Dellar to Royal Bank of Scotland. Long-Form-Library was inspired by Ron Arad’s retrospective Restless at the Barbican in 2010 and went on to be exhibited at Grand Designs Live 2011 at Excel London. The futuristic design provides a complete environment combining light, movement and books in which the reader can immerse oneself. Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Chapel Leaving the Oak Room, you will next enter the Chapel. This room has remained largely unaltered since it was created (1688-1693) and has been used as a Protestant Chapel throughout its life. When the First Duke built this Chapel, the whole household would have been expected to attend prayers. Ask your pupils if they can think where the staff would have sat and where the Duke’s family would have sat? In the Chapel you can discover four items from the exhibition.

Artist Name: Tom Price Title of Work: Counterpart Date: January 2015 Materials Used: Block 1. polyester resin, polyurethane resin, tar, acrylic, steel and lighting; Block 2. coal, adhesive, jesmonite, wood and steel

Since graduating from London’s Royal College of Art, Price has established an international career as an artist and designer. Trained in sculpture and design, Price explores the untapped potential of familiar materials, encouraging them to behave in unfamiliar ways. This often requires developing machinery and tools that are capable of subverting conventional industrial manufacturing techniques. Chance is an essential element in this creative process, and one that Price relies on to transcend the limits of imagination. Counterpart is a special commission for the exhibition. The dark block is made from coal, a reference to the mineral rights held by the Devonshire family, while the glowing transparent resin block directly references a giant quartz at Chatsworth (right) located on the Chapel Corridor

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Artist Name: Amanda Levete Title of Work: Drift Date: 2006 Materials Used: Hand finished dark stained beech Bench commissioned by: Established & Sons (limited edition of 12) Trained at the Architectural Association British, Amanda Levete founded AL_A, the international award winning architectural studio, in 2008. In 2011 Levete created a 3D timber wave engineered by Arup for the London Design Festival at the Victoria and Albert Museum. Levete is currently working with the V&A on a new entrance, courtyard and purpose-built subterranean gallery for temporary exhibitions. The Limited Edition Drift Bench has perfect architectural proportions. Immediately impressive, the scale and organic form utilise a sculpture language immediately identified with the designer. The bench is constructed from layered beech plywood which is then hand-carved - the layered wood reveals the contours and curves of the bench’s unusual form. The coupling of hand carved wood and such a futuristic, daring form produces a charged object which challenges preconceptions of how wood can work as a contemporary material.

Artist Name: Joseph Walsh Title of Work: Enignum I Chair/ Enignum II Chair Date: 2010/2014 Materials Used: Olive ash, suede (finish – white oil)/ Olive ash, suede (finish – graphite)

Irish born craftsman Joseph Walsh is a self taught designer/maker. His work aims to engage the user with visual forms inspired by nature. Joseph’s studio and work is dictated by the intimate relationship between the process of finding forms and creating them. Nature and its processes inspire the pieces to reveal their true natural existence. The name Enignum is derived from the Latin for mystery (Enigma) and wood (Lignum).

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Great Stairs The Great Stairs at Chatsworth were a design revelation in the 1690s, their cantilever construction (a long projecting beam or girder fixed at only one end, used in bridge construction) appearing ‘to float in the air’ according to one contemporary. Today the design revelation on the Great Stairs is this bench, a contemporary interpretation of cantilever engineering, with an Eastern design twist. 1. 2. Do your students think they ‘float in the air’?

Artist Name: Myungtaek Jung Title of Work: Seating for Communicating Over the Rainbow Date: 2005 Materials Used: Rattan, baltic birch plywood, steel and sisal rope Represented by: N/A

Korean designer Myungtaek Jung was born in 1971. He lectures and is a professor at Yeungnam University. Myungtaek Jung has won many awards for his contributions to the design industry including being selected for Korea’s Next Generation Design Leader. His solo exhibitions include Art Furniture, Gana Art Forum Space in Seoul in 2008 and Art Furniture, NTID Dyer Arts Centre, Rochester NY. In addition to this he has also participated at Tent London, in 2010. Myungtaek Jung is known for creating audacious shapes that captivate the imagination due to their playfulness and unique characteristics.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Great Chamber Now you will enter into some of the grandest rooms in the house: the State Rooms. They took the place of what was the Long Gallery in the Elizabethan house, which explains their unusual position on the top floor. Artist Name: Christina Liljenberg Halstrøm Title of Work: Georg Bench and Stool Date: tbc Materials Used: Oak with light core leather and mixed wool seat cushion Represented by: Skagerak Nordic designer, Christina Liljenberg Halstrøm, was born in Glostrup in Denmark and graduated from The Royal Danish Academy, School of Design in Copenhagen. Her Nordic roots are expressed through her minimalist approach and choice of materials such as wood, leather and wool. She has participated in international exhibitions including “Talking Textiles” Design Hall Stockholm in 2012. In 2014 the Georg Stool won the Red Dot Award adding to the Erik Jørgensens Design Award recieved in 2007. Artist Name: Catherine Aitken Title of Work: Fade Stool Date: 2013 Materials Used: Powder-coated mild steel, birch plywood and cotton cord Scottish designer, Catherine Aitken, graduated from the Royal College of Art in 2011 specialising in textiles and now runs a studio in London. Catherine works with wood, textiles and ceramics to design furniture and interior products. She won the Time to Design Award in 2012 and in 2013 she exhibited Fade stool at Design Junction as part of London Design Festival. In the earliest surviving inventory of the Great Chamber (1764) there were just ‘Six Long Stools four Square Stools 2 Round Stools Cushions’… these two Aitken stools echo the furniture of the First Duke. Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

State Drawing Room Artist Name: Deborah Bowness Title of Work: Souvenir Wallpapers Chatsworth Date: 2015 Materials Used: Wallpaper with colours applied by silk screen printing Represented by: Special commission for ‘Make Yourself Comfortable at Chatsworth’ Artist and designer, Deborah Bowness, grew up outside York and graduated from Leeds College of Art in 1997 in Printed Textiles and Surface Pattern Design. She completed her MA in 1999 from the Royal College of Art in Constructed Textiles. Bowness has worked on commissions for Selfridges, Paul Smith and Lacroix. Her wallpapers have become iconic designs and are included in the print collections at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, the Cooper Hewitt Museum in New York and the Musée des Arts Decoratifs in Paris. Her pieces are created near York. The ones you see today have been specially designed and made for the exhibition. Bowness photographed wall coverings throughout the house, ranging from the 19th century Chinese wallpaper to embossed leather. Images of chairs at Chatsworth are either incorporated in the printed design or added as decoupage. The trompe l’œil effect (French for 'deceive the eye') of 3D chairs becoming 2D on paper, continues the tradition of illusionistic decoration at Chatsworth. One key example being the violin in the next room … ask your pupils to look out for this. In this case the painting itself is set into a door, and the painted violin appears to hang from a real metal peg on the door itself. The painting is thought to have been at Devonshire House in London, and was rescued from the fire that destroyed the house in 1733.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

State Music Room The coronation thrones of William IV and Queen Adelaide which are usually displayed in the luxurious State Music Room have been replaced with By Royal Appointment. A sensor in the back of Moritz Waldemeyer’s chair registers the colour of the sitter’s clothing and projects it onto the surface behind using LED lighting. This gives the individual sitting on it their own halo of light, evoking images of kings and queens.

Artist Name: Moritz Waldemeyer Title of Work: By Royal Appointment Date: 2007 Materials Used: DuPont Corian©, illuminated LEDs, electrical cables Represented by: Gallery Libby Sellers

Internationally renowned German designer, Moritz Waldemeyer, was born in 1974. His work covers a cross section of interests from art and product design to fashion and entertainment. In his early work he collaborated with Zaha Hadid, Hussein Chalayan and, in 2004, Ron Arad with Lolita, an interactive chandelier for Swarovski. Waldemeyer’s studio focuses on pushing the boundaries between technology, art, fashion and design, leading to projects as varied as light-studded costumes for Rihanna (left) to an installation for Revolution for Wallpaper* Handmade in collaboration with British car manufacturer, Jaguar.

Discuss how a chair can reflect the person it is designed to seat. Waldermeyer’s chairs are very different to the coronation thrones usually seen here. What features would your students’ wish to incorporate in a chair designed for themselves?

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

State Bedroom You will now enter into one of the most important rooms in the 1st Duke’s house, the State Bedchamber. The big bed in the middle of the room hasn’t always been so tall. In 2005 it was discovered that the bed had previously been cut down by 47cm! The decision was taken to raise it which revealed the feet covered in silk damask. With this being such an important room it is quite apt that it is now host to one of the most important and beautiful seats in the exhibition, the Lockheed Lounge. Artist Name: Marc Newson CBE Title of Work: Lockheed Lounge Date: 1985 Materials Used: Aluminium and fibreglass Represented by: Gagosian Gallery

One of the world’s most accomplished designers, Marc Newson was born in Sydney, Australia. He studied sculpture and jewellery design at Sydney College of the Arts. In 2007 he had his first solo exhibition at the Gagosian Gallery in New York. Newson has received many awards and in 2005 he was selected as one of the top 100 most influential people of the year by Time magazine. The fibreglass and aluminium Lockheed Lounge chaise longue featured in Newson’s first exhibition in 1986 and went on to achieve a record breaking sale price of £1.1 million in 2009 at Phillips de Pury auction house, making it by far the most expensive contemporary seat design in the world. The piece’s iconic status grew when Madonna was filmed reclining on it in her video ‘Rain’ (pictured below). The seat on display here is from Newson’s personal collection. In 2010 Newson received the CBE from Her Majesty the Queen. Discuss the setting. The smooth metallic surface of Lockhead Lounge contrasts strongly with the rich colours and parquet flooring. Ask your students to suggests ways in which the chair is fit for its’ extravagant surroundings.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

State Closet Artist Name: Freyja Sewell Title of Work: Hush Date: first exhibited 2011 Materials Used: Single piece of 10mm industrial wool felt In 2011 Freyja graduated from 3D design at Brighton University. She won a scholarship to Nagoya University of the Arts where she was inspired by Japanese design culture. She was awarded a London Design Museum Residency in 2012 and has worked for Selfridges and Unilever. Hush was first selected for the Green Heroes exhibition at Grand Designs Live in 2011. Its popularity continues and Hush was recently chosen by the Campaign for Wool (patron: HRH The Prince of Wales) for their Interiors Collection, and it was shown as part of Wool Week at Southwark Cathedral in 2014. Freyja’s recent Diawa Scholarship Award has seen her relocate to Tokyo until 2016. When the State Closet was created it was intended to be a private, intimate space where the King could work and relax, surrounded by personal possessions. Hush recreates this sense of a sanctuary: a space you can retreat into, away from the eyes of others and unwind. Your pupils can climb into Hush and experience this for themselves. Also at Chatsworth: Woven Space Laura Ellen Bacon’s Woven Space is hidden within the garden here at Chatsworth. Like Hush, it forms a private space. Laura Ellen Bacon was inspired by the memory of building dens as a child when creating this space.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

South Sketch Gallery The South Sketch Gallery celebrates the lives of the Fifth Duke and his beautiful and fashionable wife, Georgiana. Georgiana was an admirer of French design and fashion and if she were alive today she surely would have enjoyed Sebastian Brajkovic’s Lathe series of tables and chairs which have been identified as a modern design classic. Ask your pupils to design a modern piece of furniture that a historical figure may have appreciated today.

Artist Name: Sebastian Brajkovic Title of Work: Lathe V (red) – part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Art and Design in New York, courtesy Carpenters Workshop Gallery Date: 2008 (limited edition of eight + four artist’s proofs) Materials Used: Bronze, silk embroidered upholstery Represented by: Carpenters Workshop Gallery Sebastian Brajkovic explores the notion of ‘turning’ through his sculptural furniture. Growing up Brajkovic was interested in painting and sculpture but at 17 he was advised to learn a craft before pursuing these interests. Upon his subsequent completion of a cabinet making course at the Amsterdam School, Brajkovic found himself torn between following the paths of art and design. During his degree he developed a keen interest in the discrepancy between the two subjects. Exploring the possibilities of this point, where each medium begins to intersect with the other, has fuelled his practice ever since. The Lathe tables illustrate the idea of turned furniture. The spinning motion of a lathe forms both the table’s creation and its decoration. The rotation is visible on the table’s exaggerated profiles and on the layers of concentric whirls that constitute its surface. Through his in-depth explorations of the theoretical and the technical, Brajkovic creates an aesthetic balance of structure, freedom and form. Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Also in the South Sketch Gallery you will discover two more unusual items. Canvas was designed by YOY in Tokyo and launched by Innermost in September 2013. A surreal cartoon feel where the impossible happens; lounge effortlessly on a 2D image leaning against a wall. Artist Name: YOY Title of Work: Canvas (Armchair and Sofa) Date: 2013 Materials Used: Spandex, polyester and wooden frame Represented by: Innermost

These seats play with the idea of a 2D surface. They have been shown amongst actual 2D painted portraits of the Cavendish family. By using antique seats for the images YOY further confuses the boundaries between their contemporary seats and the historic works of art in the South Sketch Gallery.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

North Sketch Gallery You cannot pass this new exhibition in 2015 without going through the most significant alteration to Chatsworth’s interior since the Sculpture Gallery in the 1830s as Jacob van der Beugal’s ceramic ‘portraits’ of the family uses strands from their DNA sequences to form the representations of the Duke, Duchess, and their son and daughter-in-law, Lord and Lady Burlington. Maarten Baas’ chairs complement the ceramic gallery synthetic clay is modelled by hand round a metal skeleton and then sealed with epoxy resin. Artist Name: Maarten Baas Title of Work: Clay Dining Chair Date: 2006 Materials Used: Clay, metal skeleton, epoxy resin Represented by: Carpenters Workshop Gallery Baas’ pieces are all unique and handmade, though produced in series, mostly signed and numbered by him. Baas is searching for the boundaries of design, without leaning on the regular “do’s and don’ts”. In 2005 he also started his collaboration with Bas den Herder, who became responsible for the production of all pieces. The foundation of studio Baas & den Herder made it possible to produce Maarten’s unique pieces on a larger scale, but yet all hand made in Holland. Assignments have come from hotels, restaurants, galleries and museums all over the world.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Guest Bedrooms The Sixth Duke loved to entertain and the early 19th century saw a rise in popularity of the 'English Country House Party,' and so in 1830 the Duke converted rooms on the east side of the house into guest bedrooms. People invited to stay at Chatsworth spent their days hunting, riding, reading and playing billiards. In the evening formal dinners would take place followed by music, charades and smoking for the men. Women would return to their bedroom many times during the day to change their outfits. These guest bedrooms at Chatsworth are the most complete set of bedrooms from the period to survive with their original furnishings. The first chair you will come across from this exhibition is from design makers Neil and Annabel McCarthy who established Nest Furniture Design in Cork, Ireland in 2000 with the aim of breaking new ground in crafted timber furniture. Since 2008, their workshop has been based in the barn of a 12th century farmhouse in south west France. Their work is represented in the National Museum of Ireland and in 2005 they won the Irish Furniture Oscar for their sideboard 'Black Monday'. Fin du Voyage represents the many suitcases that would have been unpacked at some of the lavish house parties that Chatsworth has hosted. If a guest had not brought a servant it would have been the job of an upper housemaid to unpack the suitcases. During a house party, an upper housemaid would have been expected to work from 6.30am-10pm.

Artist Name: Neil and Annabel McCarthy, Nest design Title of Work: Fin du Voyage Date: 2012 Materials Used: French walnut frame; leather case and textile samples

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

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As you carry on through the guest bedrooms you will discover some more historically themed chairs. While the Tenth Duke and Duchess never properly moved into Chatsworth because of the outbreak of world war two, one of the few alterations Duchess Mary made was to hang this green flock wall covering which has been incorporated into this chair with a contemporary design classic, the Louis Chair. Artist Name: Thomas & Vines Title of Work: Louis Clear Chairs Materials Used: Chair: injection moulded clear polycarbonate. Flock: nylon fibre (Pictured left) Producer: SHANG XIA Title of Work: Da Tian Di chair Materials Used: Yellow lacquered beechwood (Pictured below)

Each generation adds to Chatsworth according to contemporary living and personal taste. This chair pictured on the right belongs to the current Duke and Duchess who purchased it in 2014. Jiang Qiong Er established SHANG XIA with a mission to create a 21st century lifestyle founded on the finest of Chinese design traditions. The SHANG XIA name embodies the concept of "up" and "down" in the continuous flow of energy from past, present and future, transmitting the essence of Chinese culture and its sublime aesthetics.

Ask your pupils to think about the link between the Chinese wallpaper from the 19th century and the incorporation of this chair and discuss how tastes and designs have changed over time.

Education at Chatsworth

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Artist Name: Piet Hein Eek Title of Work: Kröller Müller Chairs Date: c 2011 Materials Used: Reclaimed wood Piet Hein Eek is an Eindhoven designer, born in Holland in 1967. He graduated from the Academy for Industrial Design in 1990. While at the Academy his designs ‘Scrap Wood Cupboards’ captured buyers, before upcycling became fashionable. These chairs are made from reclaimed wood that is roughly worked to leave the imperfections visible. They also inspired our joiner at Chatsworth, George Wood. George Wood used leftover shelving and redundant plastic signing from estate events such as the Country Fair to create his own chair for this exhibition. Artist Name: George Wood Title of Work: Leftovers Date: 2014 Materials Used: Laminating plywood, blackboard and foamed PVC plastic

Artist Name: Neil and Annabel McCarthy, nest design Title of Work: Swansong Chairs Date: 2011 Materials Used: Solid elm, traditionally upholstered seats

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Oak Landing On the Oak Landing is a huge portrait of three sisters that is hard to miss! The subjects of Sargent’s vast portrait of 1902 were the wealthiest heiresses of their day, and the granddaughters of the infamous Double Duchess, Louise, wife of the Eighth Duke of Devonshire. The sisters wanted to be painted in their fashionable golfing plus fours, but capitulated and posed in traditional Edwardian dresses. If they were to be painted today, they would surely want to be shown wearing designer jeans and trainers.

Artist Name: Assa Ashuach Title of Work: 501 Chairs Date: 2003 Materials Used: GRP reinforced Upica core, gloss gel coat

Assa Ashuach was born in Israel in 1969. His OMI light for Materialse mgx was one of the first 3D printed products to be distributed to a mass market in 2004. Assa was invited to show at London’s Design Museum Tank and Atrium in 2005, he received the Design Museum and Esmee Fairbairn Foundation Award. Assa introduced the Osteon chair, the first chair to be designed using a combination of 3D tools and artificial intelligence using only a third of the anticipated material usage, produced by EOS SLS (3D printing). Assa received the ‘Red Dot’ award for product design 2006. In his show at Rabih Hage gallery in London Assa exhibited the AI light, a biologically inspired mechanism with a built-in ‘digital brain’ and sensors, introducing the notion of ‘training’ over controlling products in 2007. Assa has patented, trademarked and later awarded UK government funding to develop Digital Forming Ltd and his vision of embedded ‘open 3D products’ featuring the technology with a collection of 3D shape modifiable products at London’s Science Museum’s 100 years anniversary in 2009. Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Ante-Library Artist Name: nobody & co Title of Work: Bibliochaise and Bibliopouf Date: 2006 Materials Used: Chair: wood; Cushions: foam, leather Represented by: Outdoorz Gallery

Designers Alisée Matta and Giovanni Gennari form a creative partnership. They began as an advertising team in 1994 and went on to establish design studio nobody & co in 2005. Their debut product, the Bibliochaise, an armchair/book-shelving system holding five metres of books, was exhibited at the 2006 Salone Internazionale del Mobile in Milan and a limited edition decorated with 24 carat gold premiered at the Interiors LDN in 2013. The Ante Library itself contains nearly 3,000 books dating from the 16th – 19th centuries. Much of the scientist, Henry Cavendish’s library (remember the Oak Room) is on these shelves. Although the Bibliochaise holds an astonishing five metres of books, it would take 17 chairs to contain the amount of books in this room!

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Great Dining Room The Great Dining Room holds designs from students and alumni of Sheffield Hallam University’s MDes Product Design: Furniture Course and is a room full of inspiration and creative ideas for any budding design student in your group. The tablecloth is a commission for the exhibition. Designer Robin Howie (Fieldwork Facility) suggests names to the sitter for their own fantasy dinner party at the table. Who would your students have at their own dinner party at Chatsworth? Here’s a project idea … After going around the house and looking at our exciting new exhibition your pupils may/may not have paid attention to our other beautiful objects in the collection. However, if they have, ask them to come up with some furniture design ideas based on what they have seen in the wider collection. Sheffield Hallam has helpfully provided them with some ideas … Currently on loan, the Veiled Lady by Raffaelle Monti (1846 – 1847) is one of the most iconic pieces in the collection and the exquisite carving inspired Daniel Schofield’s Veiled Chair (left). Daniel was recently selected by Christina Schmidt of Skandium for FT Magazine’s ‘Ones to watch: young design talents.’

While looking at the history of Chatsworth, Robert Hamilton was inspired by the Victorian era and his Victoria Dining Chair (right) incorporates text from Queen Victoria’s diary entries for her visits to Chatsworth.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Richard Bell and David Powell (Psalt Design) were intrigued by an archival photograph of the daughters of the Ninth Duke (right). The angle of their arms as they hold their early cameras informs the shape of their Chatsworth Chair (left). When you go in the garden, see if you can spot where this photo was taken!

George Heath has observed, then pared down, details from the ceiling and floor of the Great Dining Room, to create Hart: a thoroughly modern chair with Chatsworth ‘DNA’ running through it. Can your pupils see the influence this room that they are standing in gave to the designer? Can they find out from a Chatsworth guide where the name Hart derived from? Clue: it was a nickname for one of the Dukes.

The strong presence of Hayley Lightfoot’s Cavendish Chairs is designed to empower the sitter. Chatsworth itself was rebuilt in the latest Baroque style to reinforce the status of the First Duke.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Artist Name: Neil and Annabel McCarthy, nest design Title of Work: The Sirens Date: 2014 Materials Used: Solid maple dipped in two colour lacquer Designers that you came across in the Guest Bedrooms, Neil and Annabel McCarthy, Nest design, were commissioned by the Duke and Duchess for Chatsworth. They are individually dipped in two colour lacquer to produce a one-off pattern, making each chair unique.

Artist Name: Tamasine Osher Title of Work: Play & Eat Saddle Seat Date: 2014 Materials Used: Metal and wood Tamasine Osher Design launched in 2011 during the London Design Festival in London. After a successful start, and much interest from private clients, interior designers, buyers and press, Tamasine has continued to expand her designs and ranges within them and currently has an extensive array of high end design products. The company both creates unique one off and limited edition design art pieces as well as exciting solutions for everyday living which lend themselves more to manufacture - both sides to the business sit in harmony together, thus attracting a wide variety of interest. Each piece is crafted in the UK from quality materials, combining traditional methods with contemporary technologies. The goal is to create timeless design for current needs. This high chair provides toddlers with independence in a safe and fun way. The steps leading to the saddle enable them to safely mount the seat and get down.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Vestible Artist Name: Liliana Ovalle Title of Work: Fragment of a Staircase Date: 2003 Materials Used: Fibreglass Represented by: Outdoorz Gallery

Liliana Ovalle is a product and furniture designer based in London. After graduating from the Royal College of Art in 2006, she established her own practice where she has developed a wide range of commissions and production pieces. Her designs pay special attention to inquiring themes as the 'incomplete' and 'unrehearsed' observed in the urban context. Dinner used to be brought from the kitchen via the staircase behind the door. Andrew, the Eleventh Duke, remembered the food was barely warm by the time it was eaten, having been carried along a service passage below and up two flights of stairs. Fragment of a Staircase hints at the concealed servants’ staircase, its golden fibreglass contrasting with the worn stone steps.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Sculpture Gallery The Sculpture Gallery was built in the 19th century to contain the Sixth Duke’s contemporary sculpture collection, including works by Canova. The Sixth Duke originally wanted a floor of Swedish porphyry but this would have cost £100,000 in today’s money. Instead he introduced colour into the gallery by incorporating different marbles into many of the pedestals. The history of this room makes it an ideal setting for a major commission of temporary seating by Raw Edges (recent contributors to London Design Festival’s landmark project A Place called Home in Trafalgar Square) which brings colour and imagination into this space.

Artist Name: Yael Mer and Shay Alkalay, Raw-Edges Studio Title of Work: Endgrain Date: 2014-2015 Materials Used: Sculpted timber

Raw-Edges is a design studio based in London established by Yael Mer and Shay Alkalay. Both artists/designers were born in Tel Aviv, attended Bezalel Art and Design Academy in Jerusalem and completed their MA at the Royal College of Art. Raw Edges seating is positioned to provide a new perspective on selected sculptures. The sitter can look up into the face of Endymion; a stool provides an audience with Princess Pauline Borghese. In the last bay, a long bench is positioned as a welcome resting place to survey the gallery. Endgrain employs a new technique. The coloured blocks of wood are ‘painted’ from within, using the grain of the wood to carry the dye through the timber rather than just covering it. To make the seats, different coloured timbers are then glued to one another in a vivid pattern, to form blocks. When these patterned blocks are sculpted into seats, the three dimensional shape that is cut distorts the rectangular graphic, producing unexpected patterns. This technique has been nominated for the Design Museum’s prestigious Designs of the Year 2015. Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

And in the garden … Artist Name: Deger Cengiz Title of Work: Chaise Lawn Date: 2011 Materials Used: Metal wheel barrow, wood and artificial grass Represented by: Outdoorz Gallery Recently on show at the "Best Seats on Broadway" exhibition at Times Square, New York, Chaise Lawn blurs the line between sculpture and furniture. Trained as an architect, Deger Cengiz has worked professionally in architecture, interior design and industrial design fields for the last twenty years. His work has been published internationally, exhibited at the Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum and included in the permanent collection of South Street Seaport Museum. He received the internationally acclaimed Red Dot Design Award for the modular building system that he designed and developed. His products are being sold in MoMA Design Stores and offered through various international dealers. Deger lives and works in New York. Cengiz plays with the original purpose of the wheelbarrow, reusing it as a base for a functional piece of furniture.

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org

Ideas for after you have seen the exhibition If you are interested in sculpture why not look up our Sculpture resources on the website and explore the garden. Our permanent collection has grown and developed since the First Duke’s time to create a fantastic resource to illustrate a variety of techniques, materials and approaches that you are able to explore. The present Duke and Duchess and the Chatsworth House Trust commission new sculptures to add to the collection and we have developed a series of worksheets to help you to introduce some of these more contemporary artists and pieces to your group. We have two sets of worksheets to help inspire a range of ages and abilities. They provide a mix of information about the artist and their pieces in the garden as well as some simple activities to undertake.

If you wish to look at other aspects of the garden, including what we grow and the history of the garden then have a look at our Garden Resource teacher’s pack which will help you get the most from your visit to the garden at Chatsworth. We recommend familiarising yourself with the layout and content of the garden before your visit.

You can also combine your visit to the exhibition with one of our fun, new outdoor education sessions based in the Kitchen garden and Woodland behind the house. We currently run sessions for primary schools and will have session for secondary schools coming soon. For more information on these, please email [email protected]

Education at Chatsworth

A journey of discovery

www.chatsworth.org