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L LOS OS A ANGELES NGELES T TIMES IMES P POLL OLL Study #413 / Exit Poll California Primary Election June 2, 1998

®

The Times Poll / CNN interviewed 5,143 voters as they left 99 polling places across California June 2. The margin of sampling error for all voters is plus or minus 2 percentage points. For subgroups the error margin may vary.

J. Is this the first time you have voted in an election in California? (IF NOT) Is this the first time you have voted in a primary election in California?

GUIDE TO COLUMN HEADINGS ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

All voters Registered Democrats Registered independents (declined-to-state) Registered Republicans Whites Blacks Latinos Asians

ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

This is the first time I have voted in California I have voted in California before, but this is the first time in a primary I have voted in a California primary before

NOTES • All answer frequencies are given in percentages. • “ – ” indicates less than 0.5% • Totals may exceed 100% in questions where more than one response was accepted. Totals may be less than 100% where some candidates, voter groups or answer categories are not shown. • Questions not displayed are used for classification purposes.

E. In the primary election for governor, did you just vote for: ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Al Checchi (D) Gray Davis (D) Jane Harman (D) Dan Lungren (R) Other candidate

13 35 12 34 6

16 52 18 9 5

13 42 15 21 9

7 13 5 70 5

9 30 11 43 7

17 53 17 9 4

30 36 11 17 6

14 36 10 39 1

F. In the primary election for U.S. senator, did you just vote for: ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Barbara Boxer (D) Matt Fong (R) Darrell Issa (R) Other candidate

44 22 19 15

73 10 5 12

51 22 13 14

10 39 36 15

35 26 24 15

78 8 3 11

57 11 11 21

34 50 9 7

G. In the primary election for attorney general, did you just vote for: ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Charles M. Calderon (D) Bill Lockyer (D) Lynn Schenk (D) Mike Capizzi (R) Dave Stirling (R) Other candidate

12 24 13 15 29 7

20 39 18 5 9 9

16 22 17 12 22 11

2 5 4 27 57 5

7 19 10 19 37 8

15 40 22 3 9 11

34 24 11 8 13 10

12 23 17 21 25 2

4

4

9

3

3

5 12

8

9 10 18

4

6 13 17 12

87 86 73 93 91 82 71 80

K. As you may know, this is California’s first blanket or open primary in which voters may vote for any candidate running for office regardless of party affiliation. Do you think: (ACCEPTED ALL THAT APPLY) ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

The open primary allows me to vote for a candidate of my choice even if he orsheisnot inmyparty 60 59 59 61 62 58 56 53 The open primary is fairer because all voters can vote in candidate races 31 32 33 29 30 35 34 37 In a primary, only Democrats should vote for Democrats, etc. 14 15 12 16 15 16 10 11 Ballot was too confusing/ List of names too long 8 9 8 8 8 10 8 9 None of the above 4 3 7 3 3 5 4 5

L. Which races or ballot initiatives, if any, particularly motivated you to turn out to vote today? (ACCEPTED UP TO TWO RESPONSES) ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

Governor’s race Prop. 227 (Bilingual education) Prop. 226 (Union dues for political contributions) U.S. Senate race Prop. 223 (School spending limits on administration) Other races or initiatives Interested in everything on ballot Nothing in particular

40 47 34 34 38 47 42 40 27 26 28 28 27 18 39 36 21 22 21 21 21 24 24 16 13 11 11 15 14 8 10 11 9 9 7 8 8 7 10 12 4 4 4 4 4 5 3 6 26 22 28 30 28 25 17 13 9 9 16 9 10 10 7 14

M. How long ago did you finally decide how you would vote for governor today? ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

H. How did you just vote on Proposition 226 (Union dues)? ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Voted yes Voted no

47 53

28 72

45 55

72 28

55 45

31 69

25 75

48 52

Today/Yesterday Over the weekend or last week Before last week

I. How did you just vote on Proposition 227 (Bilingual education)? ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Voted yes Voted no

61 39

47 53

© Los Angeles Times 1998. All rights reserved.

59 41

77 23

67 33

48 52

37 63

57 43

Today Yesterday Over the weekend During last week Earlier in May Earlier in April Earlier in March Before then

16

18

22

12

15

20

18

21

21 63

21 61

21 57

19 69

21 64

16 64

21 61

27 52

CHECCHI VOTERS

DAVIS VOTERS

13 5 8 14 27 15 8 10

9 7 9 14 27 10 9 15

Los Angeles Times/CNN Exit Poll, California Primary; June 2, 1998

HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS 15 12 11 15 21 12 6 8

6 5 6 11 21 11 11 29

Page 1

N. If you voted for governor today, what did you most like about your gubernatorial choice? (ACCEPTED UP TO TWO RESPONSES) ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

Hastheexperiencetobegovernor Has strong leadership qualities Best alternative of all candidates running for governor Has a clear vision for California’s future Has honesty and integrity Cares about people like me Can win in November Has new ideas Not beholden to special interests Used own money for campaign None of the above

38 41 38 36 40 37 32 34 23 20 15 28 24 19 21 28 19 18 25 20 22 15 12 14 17 16 21 16 15 16 22 23 14 12 11 19 16 8 12 20 13 18 14 8 10 24 22 13 7 7 6 9 8 6 6 9 6 7 7 4 6 6 7 6 6 6 5 6 7 5 6 3 3 3 4 2 2 3 4 1 7 5 7 7 6 9 3 3

P. If you voted for governor today, which issues, if any, were most important to you in deciding how to vote? (ACCEPTED UP TO TWO RESPONSES) ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Education Crime Taxes The economy and jobs Illegal immigration Morality/Family issues Health care The state budget The environment Abortion Race relations None of the above

CHECCHI DAVIS HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS VOTERS VOTERS

Hastheexperiencetobegovernor Has strong leadership qualities Best alternative of all candidates running for governor Has a clear vision for California’s future Has honesty and integrity Cares about people like me Can win in November Has new ideas Not beholden to special interests Used own money for campaign None of the above

14 25

60 15

18 30

36 29

9 19 10 23 3 16 13 11 7

18 15 10 15 7 2 4 2 5

22 21 14 17 5 10 5 2 10

22 16 21 7 10 3 4 1 6

O. If you voted for governor today, which of these things, if any, had a major influence on your vote? (ACCEPTED UP TO TWO RESPONSES)

25

7 16 49 30

50 25 19 16 7 6 15 7 6 4 6 7

DAVIS VOTERS

CHECCHI VOTERS Education Crime Taxes The economy and jobs Illegal immigration Morality/Family issues Health care The state budget The environment Abortion Race relations None of the above

39 26 21 18 8 14 9 7 5 4 7 11

51 27 22 17 10 7 11 6 2 2 6 5

35 33 28 12 16 17 5 8 2 7 1 7

41 29 23 14 12 12 10 8 6 7 2 7

40 23 23 19 5 7 10 7 1 2 14 11

56 28 19 16 6 8 9 6 4 2 6 5

43 35 30 14 11 3 10 10 3 2 6 5

HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS

50 24 17 18 7 5 11 10 7 3 7 9

53 26 19 14 4 8 20 4 6 7 5 5

31 37 31 11 16 19 4 7 2 7 1 6

Q. As of today, what is your impression of Al Checchi? ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

Lungren’s experience as attorney general My candidate’s position on crime My candidate’s position on education Davis’ experience as lieutenant governor My candidate has more years of experience in elected office Negative campaigning by the other candidates Checchi’s experience as a successful businessman Harman’s mix of political and business experience Harman is a woman None of the above

43 28 23 15 11 11 10 7 5 5 4 7

Favorable Unfavorable

8 14 28

24 19 18 30 26 16 23 26

33 67

37 63

37 63

CHECCHI VOTERS

DAVIS VOTERS

95 5

23 77

27 73

28 72

46 54

52 48

34 66

HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS

22 27 20 16 19 25 31 24

Favorable Unfavorable

24 76

22 78

22 33 27

9 19 36 23 24

R. As of today, what is your impression of Gray Davis?

11 13 11

9

10 12 13

9 12

7

5

7

5

7 16

6

ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

6

8

6

11 14

5

5 7 7 2 5 5 4 6 5 1 4 5 12 10 16 12 13 13

8 13

4 3 9

5 4 5

CHECCHI DAVIS HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS VOTERS VOTERS

Lungren’s experience as attorney general My candidate’s position on crime My candidate’s position on education Davis’experience as lieutenant governor My candidate has more years of experience in elected office Negative campaigning by the other candidates Checchi’s experience as a successful businessman Harman’s mix of political and business experience Harman is a woman None of the above

Favorable Unfavorable

Favorable Unfavorable

81 19

77 23

CHECCHI VOTERS

DAVIS VOTERS

49 51

98 2

49 51

63 37

82 18

73 27

79 21

HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS 66 34

42 58

S. As of today, what is your impression of Jane Harman? ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

3 23 36 2

1 15 22 62

1 20 31 2

67 35 14 1

Favorable Unfavorable

3

19

5

9

Favorable Unfavorable

5

13

16

7

51



1



2 1 11

1 1 8

36 27 11

– – 10

46 54

60 40

47 53

CHECCHI VOTERS

DAVIS VOTERS

46 54

51 49

30 70

44 56

57 43

47 53

48 52

HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS 97 3

23 77

T. As of today, what is your impression of Dan Lungren? ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Favorable Unfavorable

Favorable Unfavorable

© Los Angeles Times 1998. All rights reserved.

67 33

62 38

40 60

48 52

CHECCHI VOTERS

DAVIS VOTERS

43 57

38 62

Los Angeles Times/CNN Exit Poll, California Primary; June 2, 1998

87 13

68 32

35 65

47 53

72 28

HARMAN LUNGREN VOTERS VOTERS 36 64

97 3

Page 2

U. Thinking of Prop. 227, the bilingual education initiative, which of the following statements do you agree with most? (ACCEPTED UP TO TWO RESPONSES) ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

If you live in America, you should speak English Bilingual education is not effective Prop. 227 discriminates against non-English speaking students Prop. 227 is a one size fits all solution/Takes authority away from local school districts Prop. 227 is poorly written Bilingual education works Prop. 227 hurts English speaking children Children should be allowed to speak in their native language Governor Wilson supports 227 President Clinton opposes 227 Prop. 227 costs too much None of the above

49 39 46 63 56 43 20 49 41 30 40 55 48 23 20 40 16 24 17

8

11 24 36 17

12 14 18 10 14 14 7 10 2

7 11 12 13 8 6 10 11 18 4 3 5 8 15 11

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

4

3 3 3 2 5

5 2 5 2 5

4 2 – – 7

1 4 2 2 3

2 3 2 2 4

6 4 5 4 6

9 3 7 2 6

7 2 2 6 5

PROPOSITION 227 VOTERS If you live in America, you should speak English Bilingual education is not effective Prop. 227 discriminates against non-English speaking students Prop. 227 is a one size fits all solution/ Takes authority away from local school districts Prop. 227 is poorly written Bilingual education works Prop. 227 hurts English speaking children Children should be allowed to speak in their native language Governor Wilson supports 227 President Clinton opposes 227 Prop. 227 costs too much None of the above

YES

NO

65 57

25 16

6

32

4 4 3 4

24 20 13 4

2 3 3 1 3

6 3 4 3 7

V. Do you think things in California are generally: ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN

Going in the right direction 66 65 65 70 70 50 61 76 Seriously off on the wrong track 34 35 35 30 30 50 39 24

W. As you may know, there have been Republican governors in California for the past 16 years. Do you think Republicans should continue to hold the office another four years or do you think it is time for a change to the Democratic party? ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Republicans Time for a change

44 56

11 89

32 68

85 15

54 46

12 88

20 80

57 43

BB. Do you think labor unions have: ALL DEM IND REP WHT BLK LAT ASN Too much influence Too little influence Just the right amount of influence

48 19

31 27

41 22

69 8

55 16

28 30

33 24

47 16

33

42

37

23

29

42

43

37

[Demographic tables start on page 4]

© Los Angeles Times 1998. All rights reserved.

Los Angeles Times/CNN Exit Poll, California Primary; June 2, 1998

Page 3

Read the column on the left vertically. For example, of all those who voted, 52% were men and 48% were women. Read the tables on the right horizontally. For example, of all male voters, 12% voted for Al Checchi for governor, 34% voted for Gray Davis, 10% voted for Jane Harman and 37% voted for Dan Lungren (the vote for other gubernatorial candidates is not shown).

Governor

% of all voters

Checchi

Davis

Harman Lungren

SEX 52% Male 48 Female

12% 14%

34 33

10 15

37 33

19% 13% 11% 11%

28 33 34 39

14 14 13 7

27 33 36 40

9% 17% 30% 14%

30 53 36 36

11 17 11 10

43 9 17 39

20% 11% 10% 9%

35 32 33 38

9 11 12 17

31 39 38 30

16% 13% 7%

52 42 13

18 15 5

9 21 70

14% 18% 9% 6%

56 49 12 10

15 20 3 6

11 9 70 74

14% 13% 10%

49 44 15

21 15 5

7 23 65

14% 17% 11% 6%

53 52 21 6

23 15 10 2

4 12 53 81

23% 15% 12% 11% 9%

36 37 34 33 33

9 12 12 11 15

24 32 35 38 37

11% 18% 11%

29 38 46

11 10 19

44 30 19

13% 10% 13%

48 36 29

11 13 13

23 35 39

18% 13% 12% 10%

36 29 44 37

11 11 17 12

30 43 17 35

AGE 8% 38 30 24

18 30 50 65

to to to or

29 49 64 older

69% 14 12 3

Whites Blacks Latinos Asians

20% 27 28 25

High school graduate or less Some college College graduate Postgraduate study

RACE/ETHNICITY

EDUCATION

PARTY REGISTRATION 48% Democrats 6 Independents 40 Republicans

SEX AND PARTY 25% 26 25 19

Democratic men Democratic women Republican men Republican women

POLITICAL IDEOLOGY 20% Liberals 43 Moderates 37 Conservatives

PARTY AND IDEOLOGY 13% 29 12 24

Liberal Democrats Other Democrats Other Republicans Conservative Republicans

10% 20 22 16 32

Less than $20,000 $20,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $59,999 $60,000 to $74,999 $75,000 or more

ANNUAL FAMILY INCOME

RELIGION 50% Non-Catholic Christian 24 Roman Catholic 5 Jewish

UNION MEMBERSHIP 23% Union member 12 Union member in household 65 Non-union household

REGIONS 25% 32 14 29

© Los Angeles Times 1998. All rights reserved.

Los Angeles County Rest of Southern California Bay Area Rest of Northern California

Los Angeles Times/CNN Exit Poll, California Primary; June 2, 1998

Page 4

Ballot Propositions

U.S. Senator

% of all voters

226 Boxer

Fong

227

Issa

Yes

No

Yes

No

SEX 52% Male 48 Female

39% 48%

26 19

20 18

50% 45%

50 55

64% 57%

36 43

48% 44% 44% 41%

17 21 21 27

15 19 20 19

40% 45% 49% 55%

60 55 51 45

50% 59% 61% 66%

50 41 39 34

35% 78% 57% 34%

26 8 11 50

24 3 11 9

55% 31% 25% 48%

45 69 75 52

67% 48% 37% 57%

33 52 63 43

47% 40% 41% 48%

19 21 24 25

15 21 19 18

39% 47% 53% 50%

61 53 47 50

56% 65% 63% 57%

44 35 37 43

73% 51% 10%

10 22 39

5 13 36

28% 45% 72%

72 55 28

47% 59% 77%

53 41 23

71% 71% 7% 11%

12 9 43 36

5 6 37 37

28% 27% 74% 71%

72 73 26 29

48% 48% 81% 72%

52 52 19 28

78% 52% 15%

8 20 32

3 12 36

23% 40% 71%

77 60 29

36% 59% 77%

64 41 23

83% 66% 19% 3%

5 13 40 39

2 7 23 45

19% 32% 59% 80%

81 68 41 20

35% 55% 68% 82%

65 45 32 18

50% 47% 45% 40% 42%

16 21 18 23 27

14 16 20 21 19

41% 42% 48% 50% 51%

59 58 52 50 49

49% 56% 61% 65% 64%

51 44 39 35 36

35% 47% 69%

26 21 12

24 16 9

56% 41% 37%

44 59 63

66% 54% 55%

34 46 45

56% 43% 39%

16 24 24

12 17 22

33% 41% 55%

67 59 45

51% 57% 65%

49 43 35

51% 37% 59% 39%

18 22 20 26

16 26 7 18

47% 53% 37% 48%

53 47 63 52

57% 68% 49% 59%

43 32 51 41

AGE 8% 38 30 24

18 30 50 65

to to to or

29 49 64 older

69% 14 12 3

Whites Blacks Latinos Asians

RACE/ETHNICITY

EDUCATION 20% 27 28 25

High school graduate or less Some college College graduate Postgraduate study

PARTY REGISTRATION 48% Democrats 6 Independents 40 Republicans

SEX AND PARTY 25% 26 25 19

Democratic men Democratic women Republican men Republican women

POLITICAL IDEOLOGY 20% Liberals 43 Moderates 37 Conservatives

PARTY AND IDEOLOGY 13% 29 12 24

Liberal Democrats Other Democrats Other Republicans Conservative Republicans

ANNUAL FAMILY INCOME 10% 20 22 16 32

Less than $20,000 $20,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $59,999 $60,000 to $74,999 $75,000 or more

RELIGION 50% Non-Catholic Christian 24 Roman Catholic 5 Jewish

UNION MEMBERSHIP 23% Union member 12 Union member in household 65 Non-union household

REGIONS 25% 32 14 29

Los Angeles County Rest of Southern California Bay Area Rest of Northern California

HOW THE POLL WAS CONDUCTED The Times Poll interviewed 5,143 voters as they left 99 polling places across California during voting hours on June 2. Precincts were chosen based on the pattern of turnout in past statewide elections. The survey was by confidential questionnaire in English and Spanish. The margin of sampling error for percentages based on the entire sample is plus or minus two points. For some subgroups the error margin may be somewhat higher. Because the survey does not include absentee voters or those who declined to participate when approached, actual returns and demographic estimates by the interviewers were used to adjust the sample slightly. Interviews at the precinct level were conducted by Davis Research of Calabasas.

✔ ❑ RETURN TO LIST OF STAT SHEETS

© Los Angeles Times 1998. All rights reserved.

Los Angeles Times/CNN Exit Poll, California Primary; June 2, 1998

Page 5