List of Abbreviations

List of Abbreviations A AAA American Arbitration Association AA always afloat AAB Arab-African Bank AAEI American Association of Exporters and...
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List of Abbreviations

A AAA

American Arbitration Association

AA

always afloat

AAB

Arab-African Bank

AAEI

American Association of Exporters and Importers

a.a.r.

Against All Risks (insurance)

AB

Aktiebolag. company limited by shares

ABI

Automated Broker Interface American Business Initiative

ABTA

Association of British Travel Agents

a/c

a conto, account

A/C

Account Current

ACC

Arab Cooperation Council

acct.

account

ACDA

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

ACE

Agrupamento Complementar de Empresas,

ACEP

Advisory Committee on Export Policy

ACH

Automated Clearinghouse

ACP

African, Caribbean, and Pacific

ACS

Automated Commercial System

ACTPN

Advisory Committee on Trade Policy and Negotiations

a/d

After date

AD

Aktzionerno Drouzestvo.

ADB

Asian Development Bank

ADF

African Development Foundation

ADS

Agent Distributor Service

Ad Val (or A.V.)

Ad Valorem

AE

Anonymos Eteria.

AECA

Arms Export Control Act

AEIE

Agrupamento Europeu de Interêsse Econômico.

AEN

Administrative Exception Note

AEV

Articles of Extraordinary Value

AFDB

African Development Bank

AFT

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms

AG

Aktiengesellschaften. Australia Group

AGX

Agriculture Export Connections

AID

Agency for International Development

AIES

Automated Information Exchange System

AIMS

Agriculture Information and Marketing Services

AIT

American Institute in Taiwan

AL

Arab League

AMB

Ambassador

AMF

Airport Mail Facility

AMS

Automated Manifest System

AMU

Arab Maghreb Union

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

A/O

Account Of

AOSIS

Alliance of Small Island States

APAC

Agriculture Policy Advisory Committee Auto Parts Advisory Committee

APEC

Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APHIS

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

APO

Administrative Protective Order

AQSIQ

Administration of Quality Supervision Inspection and Quarantine ( VR China )

arr.

arrival

a.s.

Akciova Spolecnost,

A.S.

Anonim Sirket.

A/S

Aktieselskab. Aksjeselskap

A/S

alongside

ASWP

Any Safe World Port

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASIC

Application-Specific Integrated Circuit

ATA Carnet

"Admission Temporaire- Temporary Admission" Carnet

A/T

American terms (insurance)

ATI

American Traders Index Andean Trade Initiative

ATP

Advanced Technology Products

ATPI

Andean Trade Preference Initiative

AT&T

American Telephone & Telegraph

AUTOVON

Automatic Voice Network

avdp.

avoirdupois (weight)

A.V. (or Ad Val )

Ad Valorem

Av.

average

B B.A.

Buenos Aires (Argentina)

B/A

Bill of Adventure

BAF

Bunker Adjustment Factor

BATF

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms

Bbl

Barrel

B/C

Bill of Credit

BCL

Bank Comfort Letter

B/D

Bank Draft

B./Dft.

Bank Draft

BDI

both dates included

Bd. Ft. (also fbm)

Board Foot

Bdl

Bundle

B/E

Bill of Exchange

BENELUX

Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg Economic Union

BF

Board Foot

BFP

Bona Fide Purchaser

B.H.

Bill of Health

BHC

Bank Holding Company British High Commission

Bhd.

Berhad.

BIE

Bureau of International Expositions

BIS

Bank for International Settlements

BIT(s)

Bilateral Investment Treaty(ies)

B/L

Bill of Lading

BLEU

Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union

Bls

Bales

B/M

Board measure

B.O.

Bad order

BOP

Balance of Payments

BOT

Balance of Trade

B/P

Bill of Parcels Bills Payable

B/R

Bills Receivable

br.

brutto

BRITE

Basic Research in Industrial Technologies in Europe

B.S.

Bill of Sale

BSA

Bilateral Steel Agreement

BSP

Business Sponsored Between Show Promotion

Bt

Betéti Társaság.

BTN

Brussels Tariff Nomenclature

B/V

Book Value

B.V.B.A.

Besloten Vennootschap met Beperkte Aansprakelijkheid.

BWS

Bank Wire Service Bretton-Woods System

Bx

Box

BXA

Bureau of Export Administration

C C

Consulate

C.A.

Compainía Anómima.

CAB

Civil Aeronautics Board

CACM

Central American Common Market

CAD/CAM

Computer Aided Design/ Computer Aided Manufacturing

c.a.d. (c/d)

cash against documents

C.A.F.

Currency Adjustment Factor

c.a.f.

cost, assurance, freight included

CAP

Common Agricultural Policy Country Action Plan

CAR

Commercial Activity Report

CARICOM

Caribbean Common Market

CASE

Council of American States in Europe

CBD

Commerce Business Daily

c.b.d.

cash before delivery

CBERA

Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act

CBI

Caribbean Basin Initiative

Cbm/ (or C.B.M.)

Cubic Meter

CBW

Chemical and Biological Weapons

C/C

Clean Credit

CCC

Canadian Commercial Corporation Commodity Credit Corporation Customs Cooperation Council

CCCN

Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature

CCL

Commerce Control List. (Commodity Control List)

C.D.

Carried Down Certificate of Deposit

C/I

certificate of insurance

C/O

cash order

C/T

cable transfer

c/w

commercial weight

CD-R

Compact Disc–Rewritable

CD-ROM

Compact Disc–Read Only Memory

CDT

Center for Defense Trade

CEA

Council of Economic Advisors

CEAO

West Africa Economic Community (Communauté Economique de l’Afrique)

Celsius

centigrade

CEN

European Committee for Standardization

C. en C.

Compainía en Comandita.

C. en C. por A.

Compainía en Comandita por Acciones.

CENELEC

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

CEPT

European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations

CERN

European Center for Nuclear Research (Centre Européen de Recherche Nucléaire)

CET

Common External Tariff

C&F cf, c.f., c & f

Cost and Freight

CFIUS

Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S.

CFO

Chief Financial Officer

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations Cost and Freight

CFS

Country Focused Seminar

Cft. (or CuFt.)

Cubic Foot (Feet)

CFTA

Canadian Free Trade Agreement

CG

Consul General, Consulate General

ch.ppd.

charges prepaid

CHG

Charge d’Affairs

C.I.

Cost and insurance

C.I.A.

cash in advance

Cía

Sociedad Colectiva.

CIB

Council for International Business

Cie

Compagnie

CIF

Cost, Insurance and Freight

C.I.F.& C.

Cost, insurance, freight and commission.

C.I.F.C.I.

Cost, insurance, freight, collection and interest.

C.I.F.I.&E.

Cost, insurance, freight, interest, and exchange.

CIM

Convention Internationale Concernant le Transport des Marchandises par Chemin de Fer (The International Convention for Transport of Merchandise by Rail)

CIMS

Commercial Information Management System

CIO

Congress of Industrial Organizations

CIP

Carriage and Insurance Paid To Commodity Import Program

CIS

Census Interface System Commonwealth of Independent States

CISG

Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

CIT

Court of International Trade

CITA

Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species in Wild Fauna and Flora

C.K.D.

Completely Knocked Down

C.L.

Car load

CL

Containerload

CLC

Commercial Letter of Credit

CLS

Company Limited by Shares.

C. Ltda.

Compainía de Responsabilidad Limitada. .

C.M.

Cubic Meter (capital letters);

cm

cm (small letters) centimeter

CMA

Common Monetary Agreement

CMEA

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance

CMP

Country Marketing Plan

C/N

Circular Note Credit Note

CNUSA

Commercial News USA

C/O

In Care Of Carried Over Cash Order

Co.

Company.

COCOM

Coordinating Committee on Multilateral Export Controls

C.O.D.

Collect (cash) on delivery

COE

Council of Europe

C.O.F.C.

Container on flatcar

COGSA

Carriage of Goods by Sea Act

COM

Chief of Mission Cost of Manufacture

COMECON

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance

COMEX

Commodity Exchange Inc. (futures contracts)

COMSAT

Communications Satellite Corporation

Conc’d.

Concluded

Cont’d.

Continued

COO

Chief Operating Officer

COP

Cost of Production

Corp.

Corporation

c.o.s. (C.O.S.)

cash on shipment

court.

Courtage

CPE

Centrally Planned Economy

C. por A.

Companía por Acciones. See Sociedad Anónima

c.p. (cge.paid) c.p.t.

carriage paid Cuideachta Phoibli Theoranta. See Business Entities Appendix.

CPT

Carriage Paid To

C.R.O.B.

cargo remaining on board

C.S.C.

Container Service Charge

CSCE

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe

CSIS

Center for Strategic and International Studies

CSP

Common Standard Level of Effective Protection

CSS

Cargo Selectivity System Comparison Shopping Service

c.t.

conference terms

CT

Countertrade

CTD

Committee on Trade and Development

CTF

Certified Trade Fair (Certified Event)

CTIS

Center for Trade and Investment Services

CTM

Certified Trade Mission

CTP

Composite Theoretical Performance

Ctr

Container

Cu.

Cubic (measure)

CV

Constructed Value

C.V.

Commanditaire Vennootschap.

CVD

Countervailing Duty

C.W.O.

cash with order

Cwt.

(measure) Hundredweight (U.S.A. is 100 lbs., United Kingdom 112 lbs.)

CXT

Common External Tariff

C.Y.

Container Yard.

D D/A Documents Against Acceptance D/a

days after acceptance

DAF

Delivered at Frontier

D.B.A.

Doing Business As

D/B

Documentary Bill

DCM

Deputy Chief of Mission

D/D

Delivered

DD

Demand Draft

DDP

Delivered Duty Paid

DD&Shpg

Dock Dues and Shipping

DDU

Delivered Duty Unpaid

DEC

District Export Council

DEQ

Delivered Ex Quay

DES

Delivered Ex Ship

DISC

Domestic International Sales Corporation

DISCO

Defense Industrial Security Clearing Office

DL

Distribution License

DLC

Documentary Letters of Credit

D/N

debit note

D/O

Delivery Order

DOA

Department of Agriculture

DOC

Department of Commerce (U.S.)

DOD

Department of Defense (U.S.)

DOE

Department of Energy (U.S.)

DOL

Department of Labor (U.S.)

DOT

Department of Transportation

D/P

Documents Against Payment

DPAC

Defense Policy Advisory Committee

D-RAM

Dynamic Random Access Memory

d/s

days after sight

DTC

Defense Trade Controls

DSL

Digital Subscriber Line

DTSA

Defense Technology Security Administration

DTWG

Defense Trade Working Group

D/W

dock warrant

E Ea or ea.

each

EAA

Export Administration Act

EAAA

Export Administration Amendments Act

EAC

Export Assistance Center

EAEC

European Atomic Energy Community

EAI

Enterprise for the Americas Initiative

EAN

Except as otherwise noted

EAR

Export Administration Regulations

EARB

Export Administration Review Board

EBB

Economic Bulletin Board

EBRD

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

EC

European Community

ECAs

Export Credit Agencies

ECASS

Export Control Automated Support System

ECCN

Export Control Classification Number; formerly: Export Commodity Classification Number

ECLS

Export Contact List Service

ECO/COM

Economic/Commercial Section

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

ECSC

European Coal and Steel Community

ECU

European Currency Unit

EDC

Export Development Corporation

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

EDIFACT

Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce, and Transportation

EDO

Export Development Office

EE

Eterorythmos Eteria. See Business Entities Appendix.

EEA

European Economic Area

EEBIC

Eastern Europe Business Information Center

EEC

European Economic Community

EEP

Export Enhancement Program

EEPROM

Electronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zones

EFT

Electronic Funds Transfer

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

EIB

European Investment Bank

E.I. de R.L.

Empresa Individual de Responsibilidad Limitada.

EIN

Employer Identification Number Exporter Identification Number

EIRL

Eestabelecimento Individual de Responsabildade Limitada.

ELAIN

Electronic License Application and Information Network

ELAN

Export Legal Assistance Network

ELP

Exempted Limited Partnership.

ELVIS

Export License Voice Information System

EMC

Export Management Company

EMS

European Monetary System

EMU

European Monetary Union

E&OE

Errors and Omissions Excepted

EOTC

European Organization for Testing and Certification

EP

European Parliament

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EPC

Economic Policy Council European Patent Convention

EPCI

Enhanced Proliferation Control Initiative

EPE

Eteria Periorismenis Efthinis.

EPROM

Erasable Programmable Read- Only Memory

EPS

Export Promotion Services

EPZ

Export Processing Zone

ERLC

Export Revolving Line of Credit

ERM

Exchange Rate Mechanism

ESA

European Space Agency

ESP

Exporter’s Sale Price

ESPRIT

European Strategic Program for Research and Development in Information Technologies

ESSS

Entry Summary Selectivity System

ETA

Estimated Time of Arrival

etc.

etcetra

ETC

Export Trading Company

ETD

Estimated Time of Departure

ETSI

European Telecommunications Standards Institute

EU

European Union

EUCLID

European Cooperation for the Long-term in Defense

EURAM

European Research in Advanced Materials

EURATOM

European Atomic Energy Community

EUREKA

European Research Coordination Agency

E.U.R.L.

Entreprise Unipersonnelle à Responsabilité Limitée.

EXCEL

Export Credit Enhanced Leverage

EXIMBANK

Export-Import Bank of the U.S.A.

EXW

Ex Works

F F

Fahrenheit

FAA

Federal Aviation Administration Foreign Assistance Act

FAAS

Foreign Affairs Administrative Support

FAC

Foreign Assets Control

F.A.K.

Freight All Kinds

FAO

Food and Agricultural Organization

FAS

Foreign Agricultural Service Free Alongside Ship

fax

facsimile (fax machine or fax letter)

FBIS

Foreign Broadcast Information Service

fbm (also Bd.Ft.)

Board Foot

FBP

Foreign Buyer Program

FBT

Flatbed Trailer

FCA

Free Carrier

FCIA

Foreign Credit Insurance Association

FCO

Full Corporate Offer

FCPA

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

F.C.&S.

Free of Capture and Seizure Warranty

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FDIC

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

FDIUS

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States

FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FET

Foreign Economic Trends

FEU

Forty Foot Equivalent Units

FFP

Food For Progress

FFDLC

Fully Funded Documentary Letter of Credit

FI

Free In

FIO

Free In and Out

F.I.O.S.

Free In, Out and Stow

FIT

Foreign Independent Tour

F.M.C. (or FMC)

Federal Maritime Commission

FMS

Foreign Military Sales

FMV

Foreign Market Value

FO

Free Out

FOB

Free on Board

FOR/FOT

Free on Rail/Free on Truck

FOREX

Foreign Exchange

FPA

Free of Particular Average

FPFS

Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures System

FPG

Foreign Parent Group

FR

Flat Rack

FRA

Forward/Future Rate Agreement

FSC

Foreign Sales Corporation

FSI

Foreign Service Institute

FSN

Foreign Service National

FSO

Foreign Service Officer

ft

Foot/Feet (measure)

FTA

Free Trade Agreement Free Trade Area

FTC

Federal Trade Commission (U.S.)

FTI

Foreign Traders Index

FTO

Foreign Trade Organization

FTZ

Foreign Trade Zone

FTZA

Foreign Trade Zone Act

FTZB

Foreign Trade Zone Board

FTZ-SZ

Foreign Trade Zone-Subzone

F/X

Foreign Exchange

G G-5

Group of Five

G-7

Group of Seven

G-10

Group of Ten

G-24

Group of Twenty-Four

G-77

Group of Seventy-Seven

G/A

General Average

GAB

General Agreements to Borrow (Paris Club)

GATS

General License - Aircraft on Temporary Sojourn

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

G-BAGGAGE

General License - Baggage

GCC

Gulf Cooperation Council

GCG

General License - Shipments to Agencies of Cooperating Governments

G-COCOM

General License - COCOM

G-DEST

General License - Destination

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GEM

Global Export Manager

GFW

General License - Free World

GIT

General License - In Transit Shipments

GL

General License

GLR

General License - Return (Replacement)

GLV

General License - Shipments of Limited Value

GmbH

Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung.

G-NNR

General License - Non-Naval Reserve

GNP

Gross National Product

GO

General Order

GPO

Government Printing Office (U.S.)

G.R.I.

General Rate Increase

GSP

Generalized System of Preferences

GTDA

General License - Technical Data

GTDR

General License - Technical Data Restricted

G-TEMP

General License - Temporary Export

GTF-U.S.

General License - Goods Imported for Display at U.S. Exhibitions or Trade Fairs

GUS

General License - Shipments to Personnel and Agencies of the U.S. Government

H H

Height

HAWB

House Air Waybill

HC

High Commission (British)

H/H

House to House

HMHC

Her Majesty’s High Commission

H.P.

Horsepower

H/P

House to Pier

HS

Harmonized System

HTS

Harmonized Tariff Schedule

HTSUS

Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the U.S.

HTWG

High Technology Working Group

I IACC

International Anticounterfeiting Coalition

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IAEL

International Atomic Energy List

IATA

International Air Transport Association

IBF

International Banking Facility

IBOR

Interbank Offered Rate

IBM

International Business Machines (Company)

IBRD

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

IC

Import Certificate Integrated Circuit

ICA

International Cocoa Agreement International Coffee Agreement International Commodity Agreement

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICC

International Chamber of Commerce (Paris) Interstate Commerce Commission

ICO

International Congress Office

ICP

Industry Consultations Program

ICPO

Irrevocable Commission Payment Order

ICPO

International Criminal Police Organization

ICS

Investment Climate Statement

ICSID

International Center for the Settlement for Investment Disputes

ICSU

International Council of Scientific Unions

I.D.

Inside Diameter

IDA

International Development Association

IDB

Inter-American Development Bank

IDCA

International Development Cooperation Agency

IEA

International Energy Agency

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEEPA

International Emergency Economic Powers Act

IEPG

Independent European Program Group

IESC

International Executive Service Corps

IFAC

Industry Functional Advisory Committee

IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFC

International Finance Corporation

IFM

Inward Foreign Manifest

IFRB

International Frequency Registration Board

IFS

Industry Focused Seminar In-Flight Survey

IGC

Interagency Group on Countertrade

IGPAC

Intergovernmental Policy Advisory Committee

IJA

International Jute Agreement

IL

Industrial List

ILO

International Labor Organization

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMI

International Market Insight

IML

International Munitions List

IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMSO

International Maritime Satellite Organization

In.

Inch

Inc. or Corp.

Incorporated Corporation C corporation Close Corporation Stock Corporation

info.

Information

INMARSAT International Maritime Satellite Organization INPAC

Investment Policy Advisory Committee

INR

Initial Negotiating Right

INS

Immigration and Naturalization Service

INTELSAT

International Telecommunications Satellite Organization

IOGA

Industry-Organized, Government- Approved Mission

IPAC

Industry Policy Advisory Committee

IPO

Initial Public Offering (stock)

IPR

Intellectual Property Rights

IRA

International Rubber Agreement

IRS

Internal Revenue Service

I/S

Interessantelskab

ISA

Industry Sub-Sector Analysis International Sugar Agreement

ISAC

Industry Sector Advisory Committee

ISBN

International Standard Book Number (publishing)

ISC

Intermodal Service Charge

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO

International Standards Organization

ITA

International Tin Agreement International Trade Administration

ITAR

International Traffic in Arms Regulations

ITC

International Trade Commission

ITT

International Telephone & Telegraph

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

IVL

Individual Validated License

IWC

International Whaling Commission

J JCIT

Joint Committee for Investment and Trade

JDB

Japan Development Bank

JEIC

Japan Export Information Center

JETRO

Japan External Trade Organization

JEXIM

The Export-Import Bank of Japan

JICA

Japan International Cooperation Agency

K K.D.

Knocked Down

KDD

Kokusai Denshin Denwa

K.D.F.

Knocked Down Flat

KEG

Kommandit Erwerbsgesellschaft

Kft

Korlátolt Felelosségu Társaság

KG

Kommanditgesellschaft

KGS or Kilo(s)

Kilogram(s)

KK

Kabushiki Kaisha

Kkt

Közkereseti Társaság

k.s.

Komanditní Spolecnost

K/S

Kommanditselskab

L L

Length

LAFTA

Latin American Free Trade Association

LAIA

Latin American Integration Association

LASH

Lighter Aboard Ship

Lb (s)

Pound(s) (weight measure)

L/C

Letter of Credit

LCL

Less Than Container Load

Lda.

Sociedade por Quota

LDC

Least (Less, Lesser) Developed Country Limited Duration Companies

LIBID

London Interbank Bid Rate

LIBOR

London Interbank Offered Rate

LIFFE

London International Financial Futures Exchange

LIMEAN

London Interbank Mean

LLC

Limited Liability Company

LLP

Limited Liability Partnership

L.O.A.

Length Overall

LOI

Letter of Indemnity

L.S.

Lump Sum

L.T.

Long Ton (2,240 Pounds)

Ltd.

Limited Corporation Private Company

Ltda.

Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada Limitada

Ltée.

Corporation Limitée,

L.T.L.

Less than truckload

M M

Measurement Thousand (1,000 units)

max.

Maximum

MBF or MBM

One Thousand Board Feet

MC

Minister Counsellor

MCTL

Militarily Critical Technologies List

M/D

Month’s Date

MD

Managing Director

MDB

Multilateral Development Bank

MFA

Multi-Fiber Arrangement

MFPA

Master Fee Protection Agreement

MFN

Most Favored Nation

MFT

Per Thousand Feet

MHW

Ministry of Health and Welfare

MIF

Multilateral Investment Fund

MIGA

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

Mij.

Maatschappij

min.

Minimum

MIPRO

Manufactured Imports Promotion Organization

MITI

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

MKR

Matchmaker Program

M.O.

Money Order

MOCP

Market-Oriented Cooperation Plan

MOFERT

Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade

MOFTEC

Ministry of Foreign Economic Trade and Economic Cooperation

MOSS

Market-Oriented, Sector-Selective

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

MPA

Major Projects Agreement

MPP

Market Promotion Program

MPT

Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications

MRA

Mutual Recognition Agreement

MT

Marine Terminal

MTAG

Missile Technology Advisory Group

MTCR

Missile Technology Control Regime

MTEC

Missile Technology Export Control Group

MTN

Multilateral Trade Negotiations

MTO

Multilateral Trade Organization

N N/A

Not Applicable

NAEC

National Association of Export Companies

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NASDA

National Association of State Development Agencies

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

N.B.

Note Below

NCC

National Chambers of Commerce

N.C.N.D.

Non-Circumvention Non-Disclosure (agreement)

NEA

Nuclear Energy Agency

N.E.S.

Not Elsewhere Specified

NICs

Newly Industrializing Countries

NIPA

National Income and Product Accounts

NMEs

Nonmarket Economies

NNPA

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act

NNPT

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

No

Number

N.O.I.B.N.

Not Otherwise Indexed by Number

N.O.S.

Not Otherwise Specified

NPT

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

NRC

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

NRL

Nuclear Referral List

NRPB

Natural Resource Based Products

N/S (also NSF)

Not Sufficient Funds

NS

Not Subject To

NSC

National Security Council

NSD

National Security Directive

NSF (also N/S)

Not Sufficient Funds

NSG

Nuclear Suppliers Group

NSO

National Security Override

NT

Net Ton

NTBs

Non-Tariff Barriers

NTDB

National Trade Data Bank

NTE

National Trade Estimates Report New-To-Export

NTM

New-To-Market

NTMs

Non-Tariff Measures

NTT

Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation

N.V.

Naamloze Vennootschap

NVOCC

Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier

NYMEX

New York Mercantile Exchange

NYSE

New York Stock Exchange

O OAPEC

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries

OAS

Organization of American States

OAU

Organization of African Unity

O.B.L.

Ocean bill of lading

OBR

Overseas Business Report

OBU

Offshore Banking Unit

O/C

Overcharge

OC

Operating Committee

OCP

Overland Common Point

O.D.

Outside Diameter

ODA

Official Development Assistance

OE

Omorythmos Eteria

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OEG

Offene Erwerbsgesellschaft

OEL

Office of Export Licensing

OFAC

Office of Foreign Assets Control

OHG

Offene Handelsgesellschaft

OIC

Organization of the Islamic Conference

OIEC

Organization for Economic Cooperation

OMA

Orderly Marketing Agreement

OMB

Office of Management and Budget

OMC

Office of Munitions Control

OOD

Drouzestvo s Ogranichena Otgovornost

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OPIC

Overseas Private Investment Corporation

ORM

Other Regulated Materials

O/S

Out of Stock

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OT

Open Top

O/T

Overtime

OTC

Over the Counter

OTM

Old-To-Market

OWC

On Wheels Charge

Oy

Osakeyhtiö

P P/A

Power of Attorney

PC

Per Container Personal Computer

P/C

Prices Current Petty Cash

PCS

Piece(s)

PCT

Patent Cooperation Treaty

PEC

President’s Export Council

PEFCO

Private Export Funding Corporation

P/H

Pier to House

P&I

Principal and Interest

PIP

Post-Initiated Promotion

Pkg(s)

Package(s)

P&L

Profit and Loss

P.L.C.

Public Company

PLC

Pre-License Check Public Limited Company

P/N

Promissory Note

PP

Purchase Price

P.P.

Prepaid (Freight Prepaid)

P/P

Pier to Pier

PPA

Protocol of Provisional Application

P.R.C.

People’s Republic of China

PSV

Post-Shipment Verification

p/t

Part-time Pte. Ltd. Private Limited

PT

Per Trailer

PT 20

Per 20 Foot Trailer/Container

PT 40

Per 40 Foot Trailer/Container

PTA

Preferential Trade Agreement for Eastern and Southern Africa

PU&D

Pick Up and Delivery

Pvt. Ltd.

Private Company

Q QRs

Quantitative Restrictions

R RRail

Ramp

RACE

Research in Advanced Communications in Europe

RAM

Random Access Memory

RBPs

Restrictive Business Practices

RCS

Regular Catalog Show

R&D

Research and Development

RFP

Request for Proposal

RFQ

Request for Quotation

ROM

Read Only Memory

RoRo

Roll-on, Roll-off

R.R.

Railroad

Rt

Részvénytársaság

RWA

Returned Without Action

S S.A.

Sociedad Anónima Sociedade Anónima Società per Azioni Société Anonyme Spólka Akcyjna

SABIT

Special American Business Internship Training Program

SADC

Southern Africa Development Community

SACU

Southern African Customs Union

SADCC

Southern Africa Development Coordination Conference

S.A. de C.A.

Sociedad Anónima de Capital Abierto

S.A.R.L.

Société à Responsabilité Limitée

S.A.S.

Società in Accomandita Semplice Société par Actions Simplifée

SASO

Saudi Arabian Standards Organization

SBA

Small Business Administration

S.C.

Sociedad Colectiva Société en Commandite. Société Coopérative

S.C.A.

Sociedad en Comandita por Acciones

SCaRL

Società Cooperativa a Responsabilità

S.C.I.

Sociedad de Capital e Industria

SCM

Southern Common Market

SCO

Senior Commercial Officer

S.C. par A.

Société en Commandite par Actionss

SCRL

Sociedade Cooperativa

S.C.S.

Société en Commandite Simple

S&D

Special and Differential Treatment

S. de R.L. (also Ltda.)

Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada

Sdn. Bhd.

Sendirian Berhard

SDRs

Special Drawing Rights (banking)

SEA

Single European Act

SEC

Securities and Exchange Commission Special Equipment Compensation

SED

Shipper’s Export Declaration

SEED

Support for East European Democracy

SEM

Seminar Mission

S. en C.

Sociedad en Comandita Société en Commandite Simple

S. en C.S.

Société en Commandite Simple

SEPD

State Export Program Database

SFO

Solo Fair (overseas procured)

SFSC

Shared Foreign Sales Corporation

SFW

Solo Fair (Washington procured)

SGA

Selling, General, and Administrative (Expenses)

S.G.L.

Società a Garanzia Limitata

SIC

Standard Industrial Classification

SII

Structural Impediments Initiative

SIMIS

Single Internal Market Information Service

SIMS

Single Internal Market Service

S/IOGA

State/Industry-Organized, Government-Approved

SITC

Standard International Tariff Classification

SLC

Standby Letters of Credit

SLI

Shipper’s Letter of Instruction

SM (or sm)

Service Mark

SMSA

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area

SNC

Société en Nom Collectif

SNEC

Sub-Group on Nuclear Export Coordination

s/o (or S.O.)

Ship’s Option, (rate yielding greater revenue; must be charged)

SOD

Shipped on Deck

SOGA

State-Organized, Government- Approved Mission

S.p.A.

Società per Azioni

SPAC

Services Policy Advisory Committee

spol. s r.o.

Spolecnost s Rucením Omezenym

S.P.R.L.

Société Privée a Reponsabilité Limitéeprivate

S.P.R.L.

Société de Personnes à Responsabilité Limitée

Sp. z o.o.

Spólka z Ograniczona Odpowied Zialnóscia

S.Q.

Sociedad por Quota

S.R.&C.C.

Strikes, Riots and Civil Commotion Warranty (all risk insurance)

S.R.L.

Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada Società a Responsabilità Limitata Société à Responsabilité Limitée

s.r.o.

Spolecnost s Rucením Omezenym

SSA

Sub-Saharan Africa

STA

Semiconductor Trade Agreement

S.T.C.

Said to Contain

Sté.

Société

Ste. Cve.

Société Cooperative

STELA

System for Tracking Export License Applications

STEs

State Trading Enterprises

STM

State Trade Mission

S.T.W.

Said to Weigh

S.U.

Set Up

T T.

Ton of 2,240 lbs

TA

Trade Assistant

TAA

Trade Adjustment Assistance

TAAC

Trade Adjustment Assistance Center

TAC

Technical Advisory Committee

TACM

Transit Air Cargo Manifest

TAPO

Trade Assistance and Planning Office

TCI

Third Country Initiative

TCMD

Third Country Meat Directive

TDO

Table of Denial Orders

TDP

Trade and Development Program

TEC or CXT

Tarif Extérieur Commun (common external tariff)

Tel.

Telephone

Teo.

Steoranta

TEU

Twenty foot equivalent unit. A forty foot container is equal to two (2) TEU’S.

TFC

Trade Fair Certification

TFO

Trade Fair (Overseas-Recruited)

TFW

Trade Fair (Washington- Recruited)

THC

Terminal Handling Charge

TIA

Travel Industry Association of America

TIB

Temporary Importation under Bond

TIC

Trade Information Center

TIEA

Tax Information Exchange Agreement

TIFTs

Trade and Investment Facilitation Talks

TIMS

Textiles Information Management System

T.L.

Total Loss (shipping) Truckload

T.L.S.

Türk Limited Sirket

T.M.

Traffic Manager

TM

Trademark Trade Mission

TNC

Trade Negotiations Committee

T.O.F.C.

Trailer (On Wheels) Flat Car

TOP

Trade Opportunities Program

TPC

Trade Policy Committee

TPCC

Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee

TPIS

Trade Policy Information System

TPM

Trigger Price Mechanism

TPRG

Trade Policy Review Group

TPRM

Trade Policy Review Mechanism

TPSC

Trade Policy Staff Committee

TRA

Trade Reference Assistant

TRIMs

Trade-Related Investment Measures

TRIPs

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

TRO

Temporary Restraining Order

TS

Trade Specialist

TSB

Textile Surveillance Body

TSUSA

Tariff Schedules of the United States Annotated. Usually referred to as HTSUS or Harmonized Tariff Schedules of the United States

T.T.S.

Telegraphic transfer selling rate

TWEA

Trading With the Enemy Act

U U.A.E.

United Arab Emirates

UBO

Ultimate Beneficial Owner

UCC

Uniform Commercial Code

UCP

Uniform Customs and Practices

UCPDC

Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits

U.K.

United Kingdom

ULD

Unit Load Device

UMOA

West African Monetary Union (Union Monétaire Ouest Africaine)

UN

United Nations

UNCDF

United Nations Capital Development Fund

UNCSTD

United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

UNDRO

United Nations Disaster Relief Organization

UNEP

United Nations Environment Program

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

UNFPA

United Nations Fund for Population Activities

UNGA

United Nations General Assembly

UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

UNITAR

United Nations Institute for Training and Research

UNRISD

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UNRWA

United Nations Relief and Works Agency

URC

Uniform Rules for Collection

U.S. or U.S.A.

United States of America

USC

United States Code

USCS

United States Customs Service

USD (also US$)

United States Dollar

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

USDIA

U.S. Direct Investment Abroad

USEC

U.S. Mission to the European Communities

US&FCS

United States and Foreign Commercial Service

USGPO

U.S. Government Printing Office

USIA

U.S. Information Agency

USIS

United States Information Service

USITC

United States International Trade Commission

U.S.M.C

United States Maritime Commission

USML

U.S. Munitions List

USP

United States Price

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

USTDA

U.S. Trade and Development Agency

USTR

United States Trade Representative

USTTA

United States Travel and Tourism Administration

USUN

U.S. Mission to the United Nations

V VAT

Value-Added Tax

VER

Voluntary Export Restriction

VHF

Very High Frequency

Viz

Namely

VL

Variable Levy

VOA

Voice of America

v.o.s.

Verejná Obchodní Spolecnost

VP

Vice President

VRA

Voluntary Restraint Agreement

W-X-Y-Z W

Width

W

Ton of 1000 kilos

w/ (also W/ )

With

WA

With Average

WAMU

West African Monetary Union

WARC

World Administrative Radio Conference

W/B

Waybill

WFG

Wharfage

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WLL

Sharika That Massouliyyah Mahdoodah

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

W/O

Without

W.P.A.

With Particular Average (insurance)

WTDR

World Traders Data Report

WTO

World Tourism Organization World Trade Organization

WWW

World Wide Web