Kitakyushu s International Environmental Cooperation

Partner organizations of the city of Kitakyushu We promote international environmental cooperation with adaptable partnerships. Kitakyushu's uniquely...
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Partner organizations of the city of Kitakyushu

We promote international environmental cooperation with adaptable partnerships. Kitakyushu's uniquely promoted international environmental cooperation, as compared with other cities in Japan, has been framed through a flexible collaboration among a variety of private entities and research institutions. We will keep up international cooperation by strengthening existing collaboration through such approaches as information and experiential exchanges and the implementation of cooperative projects.

Training institutions

Kitakyushu International Techno-Cooperative Association (KITA) KITA was established in 1980 by local industrial organizations and the municipal government to promote the transfer of industrial technology in Kitakyushu area overseas. KITA promotes a wide range of activities from international training to technical consulting for human capacity building in developing countries towards establishing sustainable development. Phone: 81-93-662-7171 Fax: 81-93-662-7177

Japan International Cooperation Agency Kyushu International Center (JICA/KIC)

Eco, thereby enhancing Global Partnership

JICA/KIC was established in 1989 as a part of Japan's official development aid program. It accepts trainees from developing countries and provides trainings such as environmental protection and the streamlining of production technology. It has become a core institution of Kitakyushu's international cooperation with fully equipped facilities of training and lodging. Phone: 81-93-671-6311 Fax: 81-93-663-1350

Academic institutions

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies Kitakyushu Office (IGES) IGES conducts research on practical environmental p o l i c i e s i n A s i a . I t s K i t a k y u s h u o f fi c e w a s established in 1999, and the office has been assigned to implement the Kitakyushu Initiative with contracts from UNESCAP and the Japanese government. Phone: 81-93-513-3711 Fax: 81-93-513-3712

The research park has conducted high level education in the environmental technical field to produce globally-minded experts with ICT literate. It clusters national, public, and private universities as core facilities, which are engaged in state-of-the-art scientific technologies. Phone: 81-93-695-3111 Fax: 81-93-695-3010

Kitakyushu Forum on Asian Women (KFAW) KFAW was established in October 1990. It conducts research with the theme Women and Environment, and implements programs that aim at the enhancement of women's social status and the collaboration/development of Asia. In addition, KFAW is engaged in joint research with institutions in other Asian countries with the main theme of Development and Women. Phone: 81-93-583-3434 Fax: 81-93-583-5195

Kitakyushu Science and Research Park

International Centre for the Study of East Asian Development (ICSEAD) ICSEAD was established in 1989 as a joint research institute between the city of Kitakyushu and the University of Pennsylvania in the United States. It conducts studies on various issues for economic and social development in East Asia. Phone: 81-93-583-6202 Fax: 81-93-583-6576

Business contacts

Kitakyushu Interdependent Business Consortium for Sustainable Development (KICS)

Kitakyushu Trade and Investment One-Stop Service Center (KTI)

KICS was established in 1988 to create new businesses and to enhance business opportunities by international partnership in taking flexibly advantage of technology of companies in Kitakyushu. Currently, the organization is involved in signing cooperative contracts with overseas corporate organizations and assistance in the implementation of international environmental projects. Phone: 81-93-582-2630 Fax: 81-93-582-2196

KTI is a business support center in which the following organizations are housed under one roof: Trade Promotion Section, the city of Kitakyushu; JETRO Kitakyushu; and the Kitakyushu Trade Association. These organizations provide their support at the One-Stop Center, and, through their collaboration, help the international business of local companies. Phone: 81-93-551-3610

Office for International Environmental Cooperation Environment Bureau The City of Kitakyushu 1-1 Jonai, Kokurakita-ku, Kitakyushu 803-8501 Phone: 81-93-582-3804 Fax: 81-93-582-2196 E-mail: [email protected] URL:

Dalian and Shanghai Offices, the city of Kitakyushu The city of Kitakyushu m a i n t a i n s o f fi c e s i n Dalian, one of the friendship cities in China, and Shanghai, t h e m o s t fi n a n c i a l l y powerful city, to support development of Kitakyushu's local business in China. Dalian Office: Phone: 86-411-8360-7298 Fax: 86-411-8360-7138 Shanghai Office: Phone: 86-21-5385-8786 Fax: 86-21-5385-8026

Kitakyushu Print Registration Number 0611085B Date of issue: March 2007

*This pamphlet was printed with soy ink on 100% recycled paper.

Kitakyushu’s International Environmental Cooperation

Kitakyushu Overview

The city of Kitakyushu aims at developing a sustainable society


Kitakyushu is located at the northernmost tip of the island of Kyushu, the westernmost island of the Japanese major islands. Geographically, it is close to East Asian countries,


which are developing at a significant pace. Since the modern period, the city has developed as one of the major industrial cities and an international trade port. Even now, Kitakyushu

Seoul Tokyo Osaka

boasts one of western Japan’s highest concentrations of industry and manufacturing, and the city has many technological advantages.


It is also an international logistics base, which enjoys an enhanced sea port, airport,


railway, and highway infrastructure. In the downtown area, public parks and water 500km

recreation spaces are built adjacent to business and commercial areas, so that people can enjoy both city life and relaxation.


The city is rich in nature as well. It faces the ocean with 210 km stretch of coastline and


about 40% of the city’s area is forested.

Hong Kong

Kitakyushu, which overcame severe pollution in the 1960s, has a mission to utilize the 1500km

experience it gained in this process, and to use its environmental technology for the conservation of the environment of this planet. It has facilitated its implementation of

Through the experience of overcoming severe industrial pollution, the city of Kitakyushu recognizes

environmentally focused international cooperation for years. Now, with the idea of creating



that the accumulation of small steps at the local level offers a key to solve problems. As mutual dependence at the global level, such as global supply chains of food, resources and energy, is getting closely involved, local action can impact on the existence and the living environment of humankind, directly and indirectly.

a city full of true wealth and prosperity and perpetuating the city for the coming

■ Area

: 487㎢(as of 2006)

generations, Kitakyushu aims to be the world capital of sustainable development and to

Basic data for

■ Population

: 990,000(as of 2006)

take on new challenges.


■ Precipitation

: 2,022㎜/year(as of 2005)

■ Gross city product

: 3.4548 trillion yen(as of 2004)

■ Average temperature: 17.7℃(as of 2005)

With this consideration, the city of Kitakyushu, as a leader of establishing sustainable societies based on global partnership, has decided to make contributions to local sustainable development in developing countries in Asia and other regions in order to fulfill its City’s Social Responsibility (CSR). Our activities continue to develop our sustainable society, in which the environment, the economy, and the society are matured in an integrated fashion.

Contents Kitakyushu Overview


Overcoming Pollution

The Striking Recovery from a Smoke-Filled Sky and the Sea of Death 3 System and Technology for Overcoming Pollution 5

Concentration of wide ranging industry

City life and relaxation

Rich nature

Transferring Experience-Proven Environmental Technology to the World

A Human Resource Development Base for Sustainable Development in Asia 7 Spreading an Environmental Cooperation Network to the World 9 Engendering Business Opportunities from Environmental Issues 11 Aiming to be the World Capital of Sustainable Development Steel


Shopping streets


Kokura Station

Kokura Castle

Oma Bamboo Forest

Mt. Sarakura

Living Together, Creating Together (Citizens’ Field) 13 Economic Development through Environmental Actions (Industry and Technology Fields) 14 Enhancing the Sustainability of the City (Urban Development Field) 16 Introduction to Environmental Study Facilities and History of International Cooperation




Murasaki River/Katsuyama Park area


Hiraodai Plateau

Welcome to the City of Environmental Studies and Industrial Tourism 17 Chronology of Kitakyushu’s International Environmental Cooperation 18

Iwaya Beach


Overcoming Pollution Changes in the air and water quality at Dokai Bay and Murasaki River

The Striking Recovery from a Smoke-Filled Sky and the Sea of Death

Dust fall [t/km2/month]

Sulfur oxides [ppm]

Kitakyushu s air pollution



Dust fall [t/km2/month] 15.0

The outbreak of pollution and the path to overcoming pollution 1901


Sulfur oxides [ppm]



1953 5.0




1960s 1967







02 (Year)


Water quality at Dokai Bay

COD(mg/ℓ) 40


Water sampling locations


D2 D3 D6 D7




Kitakyushu city downtown area

0 1968

Kitakyushu, with its heavy and chemical industries, has developed as one of Japan’s four major industrial areas. Kitakyushu played an important leading role in Japan’s modernization and rapid postwar economic growth. However, the industrial prosperity brought Kitakyushu severe pollution. In the 1960s, air pollution in the Kitakyushu area was the nation’s worst, while Dokai Bay became a “sea of death” with industrial wastewater. It was mothers who firstly stood up and demanded countermeasures as they became increasingly worried about their children’s health. A movement by residents, and reports in the media, not only resulted in society’s recognition of the pollution problem, but also facilitated countermeasures against pollution by industries and the governmental administrations. This joint effort among residents, companies, and the local government resulted in a rapid improvement of the environment. In the 1980s, Kitakyushu was introduced, both inside and outside Japan, as a miracle city that had accomplished environmental regeneration from heavy pollution.

BOD(㎎/ℓ) 60







Water quality at Murasaki River and sewerage coverage

03 (Year)

% 100

1968 1969

90 50

80 70

40 30

Water quality sewerage coverage


60 50 40 30 20


10 0

0 1967 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 (Year)


19 6 0 s


1972 1974 The sky was filled with smoke, and many people developed asthma.

Even coliform bacteria could not live in the sea of death, Dokai Bay

Many houses were illegally built along the river, and contributed to polluted water entering the river. 1979 1980

To d a y


1985 1987

Clear blue sky

The Dokai Bay was resurrected; currently, more than 100 kinds of ocean creatures live in the water.


Government-run Yahata Steel Works is launched; which became a key of Kitakyushu’s development as a steel town. People calls“Yahata sparrows is black sparrows”because of conspicuous soot from burning coal The Tobata deposit gauge (dust fall measuring equipment) is installed. Pollution becomes serious as heavy and chemical industries develop (pollution by soot dust and wastewater). Five cities merge and form Kitakyushu Pollution Control Sub-section (consisting of four personnel) is established within the Sanitation Bureau’s Public Health Section. Automatic air pollution measuring equipment is installed for sulfur oxides and suspended particulate matter. The annual average of dust fall reaches 80t/km 2 /month around the Dokai Bay area (maximum: 108t/km2/month). The Tobata Women’s Association produced a documentary film entitled,“We Want Our Blue Skies Back.” The Air Pollution Prevention Law and the Noise Regulation Law were enacted. The first smog warning of Japan is issued in Kitakyushu. The Dokai Bay water quality study is reported as follows: dissolved oxygen 0.6mg/ℓ, COD 48.4mg/ℓ, and a high-density presence of harmful substances, such as cyanogens and arsenic. The Bay was thereafter called the sea of death. A comprehensive preliminary survey on industrial pollution in Kitakyushu is launched. The Kitakyushu Liaison Association for Prevention of Air Pollution is established. The authority to issue smog warnings is transferred to the Mayor of Kitakyushu. Pollution Monitoring Center is set up in the City Hall. The Sanitation Bureau’s Pollution Monitoring Department is established (with 20 personnel). The public sewage treatment facility starts operations. Fourteen laws related to pollution control are passed at the so-called the pollution countermeasure national parliament session. Special weather information notification system is established. The city of Kitakyushu establishes the Pollution Control Bureau (with 45 personnel). The Kitakyushu Pollution Prevention Ordinance is promulgated. A full-scale waste incineration facility is completed. A pollution prevention agreement is reached between the city of Kitakyushu and 54 industrial plants in the city. The dredging of Dokai Bay starts, and continues until July 1975; a total of 350,000m3 of polluted sludge, containing more than 30ppm of mercury, is removed. The green belt program (planting trees along with industrial zone) starts and continues until fiscal 1983. A large-scale waste disposal site is built in the coastal area. A sludge dredging and removal project at Murasaki River is completed, having been started in fiscal 1969. The city receives the Prime Minister’s Award for Urban Greening. The total extent of the sewerage system in Kitakyushu reaches 2,000km. The OECD Environmental White Paper introduces Kitakyushu as“a city that was transformed from gray city to green city” Kitakyushu is awarded the title of Star Light Town, where stars can be clearly viewed through clean air by the Environmental Agency (currently the Ministry of Environment).

Murasaki River became a city symbol, with areas where people can enjoy the water.


Government-run Yawata Steel Works

Smoke-filled sky

Industrial wastewater is disposed at sea

Women’ s movement against pollution

Signing of pollution prevention agreement

Sludge dredging at Dokai Bay

Clear sky was restored

Fish caught at Dokai Bay

Overcoming Pollution Effects of CP in steel industry pollution reduction

System and Technology for Overcoming Pollution

Expenses for Counter-Pollution Measures in Kitakyushu (1972 to 1991)




75% 15,000


Fuel conversion Fuel oil ⇒ LP gas, Natural gas



Energy saving Resource conservation

10,000 5,000 0

yen   252.6 billion



25% 1970

yen   551.7 billion

Treatment at emission outlets Desulfuration, Dust collection device, etc.



City inspection of a plant

Corporate countermeasures

Cleaner production and end-of-pipe treatment In order to achieve required emission standards, companies installed dust collection devices, as well as desulfuration and denitration devices and built wastewater treatment facilities. In the 1970s, fuel and raw material prices soared, inducing companies to streamline production processes. As a result, the CP (cleaner production) system, which increases production efficiency by using fuels and raw materials effectively while reducing pollutant wastes, was developed. A terminal, end-of-pipe (EOP) treatment, such as waste gas treatment, requires additional cost, but CP is a win-win solution that reduces wastes while improving corporate profits. Environmental measures become more effective in a combination of CP and EOP. 《An example of CP》

Cleaner production and end-of-pipe treatment

Input of resources


Products, etc.

Disposal Production line

Raw materials and fuel Refraining from using raw materials that contain harmful substances; and the use of recycled materials.

Production processes Energy-saving equipment; introduction of equipment with enhanced heat efficiency; and easy-to-inspect equipment.

Reuse Use of waste heat; recycling of coolant water and waste recycling.

Treatment facility

Pollution Monitoring Center

Popularization of sewerage system

Waste management

In 1967, the city launched the public sewerage system operation to treat residential wastewater, which had become a major source of water pollution. In installment of sewage treatment system, beneficiaries-pay-principle was introduced, and the city government produced public relations films to enlighten the public about the sewerage system. The city held many public meetings to explain the benefits of the system. As more households accessed the sewerage system, water quality in rivers and at other locations steadily improved. By the end of fiscal 2005, the sewerage coverage ratio reached 99.8% of the total population, almost completing the city sewerage development project.

Domestic waste has been collected in plastic bags at collection stations since 1971 to streamline waste collection works and to implement sanitary disposal. In the 1990s, following a separate collection system for cans and bottles, charged waste bag systems were introduced to tackle further waste reduction and recycling. Collected municipal solid waste is processed at three plants in the city. Incineration heat is used for electric power generation, and excess electricity is sold for profit. A coastal reclamation area was established in 1980 to provide a lasting and stable waste disposal site.

Desulfuration emission device Electric dust collection machine Wastewater treatment facility


Control and inspection to minimize leakage, loss, and pollution; and inventory control that eliminate wastes.

Reduction of packaging, and the efficient use of return shipment.

Cleaner production (CP)

End-of-pipe (EOP) treatment Wastewater treatment facility


Waste disposal 6.0%

Parks and green areas 14.0%

In order to reinforce implementation of pollution control by the city administration, the Pollution Prevention Ordinance was put into effect in 1972. The ordinance that empowers the city to issue improvement orders to violators and place a sanction on them stipulates the obligation of applicable facilities to register with the city and comply with regulation standards. The ordinance also sets regulations for small-sized facilities that are out of jurisdiction within the national law. In addition, since 1972 the city has established and implemented decennial Kitakyushu Regional Pollution Control Plans. The city also established a council consists of members from companies, academics, residents, and city officials in order to discuss issues in environmental management.

Denitration device

Operation control

Others 5.0%

Drastic renovation of pollution-related laws in 1970 has empowered local governments to further tighten national emission standards, set immediate punishment for violations, and stipulated compensatory obligations for health damage by the parties determined to have caused the pollution. The city of Kitakyushu thoroughly controls and monitors potential pollution sources. The city also installed automatic measuring devices equipped with a telemeter system, across the city, which send data to an intensive central monitoring center for around-the-clock.


Wastes, Wastewater, Waste gas, and Waste heat

billion yen

Setting Pollution Prevention Ordinance and other regulations

Byproducts Production


Sewage treatment system 43%

Strengthening of regulations and monitoring


Final products

Design, Raw materials, Water, Energy, etc.


Actions taken by the city government

Green spaces in factory areas

In order to restore a healthy environment in the city, the city government and resident corporations worked in unison. The administration implemented regulations and monitoring measures, one after another, while companies developed pollution prevention facilities and innovative technologies, which balanced pollution control, energy saving and resource conservation.

Water pollution control 5.3% Air pollution control 19.7%

《Government sector》

*Examples of Kitakyushu-based plants

Restoration of the environment with a private sector government partnership

Others 1.8%

《Private sector》

《Reduction of SOx emission》 (Ton/year)

Industrial waste 4.6%

Sewage treatment plant

Incineration plant


Transferring Experience-Proven Environmental Technology to the World

A Human Resource Development Base for Sustainable Development in Asia

KITA (Kitakyushu International Techno-Cooperative Association) KITA was established in 1980 by local industrial organizations and the municipal government to promote the transfer of industrial technology in Kitakyushu area overseas. Since then KITA has been carrying out international technical cooperation in the area of environmental protection and industrial technology through acceptance of trainees or dispatch of experts. A major feature of KITA training is its practical nature – more than 200 local companies and administrative institutions support the program. This practical nature enables trainees to acquire high-level and practical know-how on-site at plants and research institutions, where they receive guidance from seasoned experts. KITA is highly regarded for its past achievements, and for that reason is commissioned to provide training and consulting for a variety of institutions in and out of Japan.

Major environmental training courses offered by KITA as of fiscal 2006 Training course

Commissioning institution

Industrial waste water treatment technology Domestic wastewater treatment technology Cleaner production in steel industry Capacity development of environmental management (Philippines) Solid waste management for Nepal Development of Recycling-based society (China) Development of Recycling-based Society (ASEAN) Air Pollution Protection Technologies


Environmental conservation for engineers from the Arabian Oil Co., Ltd. oil sector (Kuwait)

《KITA Action Fields》 International training Dispatching experts

Summer program training for Kuwait University

Japan Cooperation Center for the Middle East

Sewerage management for the city of Kunming in China (on yen loan)

Kunming Municipal Government

Sewerage management for the city of Huhehaote in Huhehaote Municipal China (on yen loan) Government

Consulting Technology exchange Research and information gathering 2004 Plant Maintenance Technology Course

Since the 1980s, Kitakyushu has been dispatching environmental experts to developing countries. At the same time, the city has been accepting trainees from developing countries, using the technologies developed in the process of overcoming pollution, to contribute to environmental quality enhancement in developing nations. Kitakyushu International Techno-Cooperative Association (KITA) was established in 1980, and has been implemented full-fledged environmental training courses commissioned with JICA since fiscal 1986. Today, Kitakyushu offers various environmental courses, including unique ones such as development of resource circulating society, accepting 250 trainees a year. In order to further respond to the needs in developing countries, Kitakyushu is designing new courses, such as one on energy conservation. Starting in fiscal 2006, Kitakyushu plans to accept 400 trainees a year, to train 2,000 people for five years, aiming to become a human resource development base for sustainable development in Asia. The city also plans to contribute to not only environmental quality enhancement in developing countries but also the revitalization of the Kitakyushu area by taking advantage of retired experts and developing businesses of local companies.

Main Features of Environmental Training in Kitakyushu

Former trainees make contributions in home countries

International friendship exchange

KITA appearance (International Village Center)

Numbers of accepting trainees and dispatching experts by KITA

Eastern Europe pe Accepted: 117 Dispatched: 2

《Background》 Human resources and technologies developed in the city’s 100-year history as a manufacturing town Since the start of operation at nationally-owned Yawata Steel Works in 1901, Kitakyushu has been a focal point for material industries, such as steel, chemicals, and ceramics. It also has an accumulation of technologies for pollution prevention; reduce, reuse, and recycle (the 3Rs); and energy conservation. Based on these corporate technologies, the city offers comprehensive training curriculam that combines lectures from city officials, academics and researchers.

《System》 Training Implementation Framework led by KITA Company retirees who have expertise are appointed as course leaders who accompany trainees on-site to effectively implement training course curricula. KITA collaboration with adjacent JICA Kyushu International Center results in fuller training facilities.

A wide range of lecturers and training venues are available thanks to the collaboration of industry, academia, government, and private sector. Rich practical experiences are provided directly by engineers who is actually working on-site. The city office fully supports training in the fields of administration (enforcing laws and ordinances, setting policies, supporting industries, and cooperating with residents), which has major role to solve environmental issues.

Asia Accepted: 2,295 Dispatched: 76

Jin Mei Zhu International Cooperation Division, Environmental Protection Bureau Tianjing, China

I learned about resource circulating society, such as the Eco-town project, in Kitakyushu. Immediately after returning home, I was able to take advantage of my experiences in Kitakyushu because I started to work with Tianjing’s planning team for promotion of recycling economy. From December 2006 as the deputy director of Tianjing’s International Cooperation Office, I have been in charge of exchange with Kitakyushu.

Accepted: 4,117 persons from 118 countries

Middle East and Africa Accepted: 816 Dispatched: 177

(Total from 1980 to 2005)

Dispatched: 108 persons from 25 countries

Oceania Accepted: 40

(Total from 1986 to 2005) 《Numbers of accepting trainees》

(Persons)450 400

《Unique training courses》 Formation of resource circulating society

Latin America Accepted: 789 Dispatched: 13

Grand total 4,500(Persons) 4,000


Asian nations are interested in Japan’s formation of a resource circulating society. Kitakyushu offers one of the most advanced and practical training programs on the subject. Using Kitakyushu Eco-Town as the training field, the program introduces trainees to administrative policies (integration of appropriate waste disposal and recycling policies with,the inducement and development of environmental industries), and the state-of-the-art corporate technologies (appropriate waste treatment, recycling technologies, and environmental management).

Energy conservation Kitakyushu’s training program offers not only insight into corporate energy saving measures, but also regional countermeasures against global warming and promotion of energy savings, such as city planning with fewer environmental impacts and utilization of renewable energy.


Wisnu Wibowo


Development Planning Agency Surabaya, Indonesia



I was completely impressed when I was trained in Kitakyushu in environmental management methods and in the Murasaki River My Town My River project. Using what I learned in Kitakyushu, I work on the Surabaya River environmental rehabilitation project. I would like to learn even more from Kitakyushu, such as countermeasures against water pollution, among other ideas.



150 100


50 0


80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05(Year)


Transferring Experience-Proven Environmental Technology to the World Resource circulating society formation (Tianjing, Suzhou, and Qingdao, China)

Spreading an Environmental Cooperation Network to the World

Dalian Environmental Model Zone Project (Dalian, China) Kitakyushu has cooperated with Dalian, a friendship city, upon its request. The Dalian Environmental Model Zone Project, that Kitakyushu proposed, was designated as a pilot project in China so that Dalian’s achievement can be spread to all over the nation. In order to realize the Dalian project, Kitakyushu utilized the Japanese government’s official development aid (ODA), and succeeded in implementing a development study to establish a master plan for environmental improvement. This is the first case in which international cooperation at the local government level has led to an ODA project. Specifically, Kitakyushu cooperated with Dalian in environmental administration, environmental monitoring, sewage treatment, and CP at factories. As a result of the cooperation, Dalian was the first city in China awarded the “Global 500” by United Nations Environmental Programme in 2001.

Currently, China is working on rapidly establishing a resource circulating society. For this reason, much interest has been expressed in Kitakyushu’s Eco-town project. In Tianjing and Qingdao, the city of Kitakyushu has held seminars to introduce the Eco-town and other environmental programs to the Chinese. In Suzhou, we investigated the feasibility for building an Eco-town in Suzhou National New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zon, and developed a proposal for an Eco-town taking account of China’s social system. Discussion in Tianjing Development District 2004

Sewage treatment technology (Kunming and Huhehaote, China)

UNESCAP Environmental Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Kitakyushu, 2000 (MCED)

Effectiveness and importance of regional-level international cooperation with solicitous care in cooperation with local residents has been recognized, as in the case of Kitakyushu’s environmental cooperation with Dalian, China, one of its friendship cities. To further promote inter-city cooperation activities, Kitakyushu has suggested and created an inter-city network, and launched environmental cooperation projects. In each participating city, a variety of programs has been implemented to create themselves as environmentally advanced cities.

The Organization for the East Asia Economic Development (OEAED) and its Environmental Panel The OEAED consists of ten cities in Japan, China, and South Korea surrounding the Yellow Sea, and aims to form the Yellow Sea Basin Economic Zone through promotion of economic and human exchanges. Its Environmental Panel gives seminars organized jointly by industry, academia and government, builds a database of advanced environmental information, and thus works for the development of human resources in the basin and contribution to its sustainable development.

Clean Environment in Dalian Today

Environmental education (Cebu, the Philippines) A river clean-up event was held in Cebu, the Philippines to promote Cebu residents’ awareness of river environment, having more than 400 participants under the lead of some Kitakyushu residents. As a result of this activity, the Metro-Cebu Environment Council was organized. In 2004, Kitakyushu and the council held a family river environment class to further promote environmental education.

The Organization for the East Asia Economic Development

Kitakyushu Initiative Network



62 cities in 18 Asia-Pacific Second Environmental Panel, 2006

Kitakyushu utilizes its experiences and technologies in operating a sewerage system to transfer technologies and help develop human resources. In 2006, policies for water quality improvement for Kunming was formulated through supports by Kitakyushu in cooperation with Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) that has provided yen loan for sewerage systems for Kunming, Yunan Province, where Lake Dianchi known as one of the three most polluted lakes in China is located. Also, Kitakyushu presented seminars on human resource development, and proposed related training programs. Meanwhile in the same year, Kitakyushu held a training program for capacity building of sewerage facility managers and operators in the city of Huhehaote, upon request from the Japan-China Economic Association. Citizen’s Informative Seminar for Water Quality Improvement, 2006

Yantai Qingdao


Incheon Ulsan Busan

Shimonoseki oseek

Kitakyushu Fukuoka F

River Clean up Campaign, 2004

Suzhou Chongqing

Environmental Cooperation Network of Asian Cities In order to achieve sustainable development in economically booming Asian regions, Kitakyushu and six cities in four Southeast Asian nations joined the network to share experiences and to act together for the environment. The organization was launched in Kitakyushu in 1997 at the Conference on Environmental Cooperation among Asian cities. To support these cities solve their problems, Kitakyushu accepts trainees, dispatches experts, and holds seminars.

Organic waste Composting Project (Bangkok in Thailand; Surabaya in Indonesia)


Conference on Environmental Cooperation among Asian Cities, 1997


To reduce the amount of waste, which has become an issue in urban areas in many developing countries, Kitakyushu implemented a organic waste compost project for households and communities in Surabaya, Indonesia. The composting method that Kitakyushu developed in cooperation with a local company in Kitakyushu has covered about 7,000 households during two-year program period. The method made a significant contribution to municipal solid waste reduction and sanitation improvement in Surabaya. This method was started to use in other cities. For example, from 2005 to 2006, Kitakyushu provided technical assistance to Bangkok, Thailand, for promotion of composting.



Ho Chi Minh

Kitakyushu Initiative Network At the 4th Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development (MCED) of the United Nations Environment and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) in 2000, the Kitakyushu Initiative for a Cleaner Environment was adopted, using Kitakyushu’s experiences as a model for overcoming pollution and restoring the environment for a steady promotion of environmental quality enhancement in the Asia-Pacific region, where pollution has been serious. Network participant cities, 62 cities from 18 Asia-Pacific countries as of December 2006 have been involved in seminars, study tours, and pilot projects.


The 2nd Meeting of Kitakyushu Initiative Network, 2003


Environmental Cooperation Network of Asian Cities Semarang Surabaya

Composting Promotion Project, 2007


Transferring Experience-Proven Environmental Technology to the World Major examples of Kitakyushu companies’ overseas business

Engendering Business Opportunities from Environmental Issues

《Eco Techno》

The city of Kitakyushu is actively involving local private companies with high technology capacity in introducing their environmental business products to rapidly expanding economies, especially China and South Korea, in addition to the conventional inter-governmental cooperation. Specifically, the city has widely provided overseas environmental business information obtained through its cooperation projects and feasibility studies. In addition, the city has actively supported local companies by inviting them to participate in its business missions and set up displays at exhibitions. This has resulted in three local environmental companies to establish operations in China in 2005.

Shinryo Co., Ltd.

Manufacturing and sales of vacuum cleaning dryers and water cleaning devices

Precision cleaning and surface processing of semiconductor manufacturing devices and jigs

Location: Dalian, China

Location: Suzhou Industrial Park, China

The firm opened an office in Dalian in 2006, and launched a local plant in 2007. It started manufacturing and sales of vacuum cleaning dryers in the Chinese domestic market.

The company started its Chinese operation in March 2003. It provides precision cleaning and surface processing of LCD and semiconductor manufacturing devices, as well as manufacturing of electrolyte. It was attracted to the well-developed infrastructure of the industrial park.

Aqua Vacuum Cleaning Machine (Dalian) Co., Ltd.

Eco Techno in 2006

Promotion of international environmental business

Aqua Tech Co., Ltd.

This is western Japan’s largest exhibition on the environment. Major companies and universities with competitive environmental protection and energy technologies meet to display their products and hold seminars. It has become a venue of international environmental business as many of the participants are from overseas. Fiscal 2005:  Participating companies 205 / Visitors 36,527 Fiscal 2006:  Participating companies 284 / Visitors 32,183

Astec Irie Co., Ltd.

Nippon Steel Kankyo Engineering Co., Ltd.

Recovery of metals from etching waste liquid, and recycling of etching liquid

Environmental consulting, assessment, analysis, and installation/maintenance of environmental equipment

Location: Jiading, Shanghai, China

Location: Dalian, China

Based on recycling technology for etching waste liquid, which was developed in Japan, the company offers waste liquid treatment for Japanese manufacturers operating in Shanghai, contributing toward environmental protection in Shanghai, the surrounding provinces, and the larger East Asia.

The firm established its office in Dalian in 2005. In collaboration with local universities, research institutions, and environmental equipment manufacturers, the company offers environmental consultation, analysis, and installation / maintenance of environmental equipment in China.

Shanghai Irie Environmental Technology Co. Ltd.

Environmental Technology Service Co., Ltd.

Nippon Magnetic Dressing Co., Ltd.

Comprehensive environmental consulting

Magnetic dressing, refining, steel production, processing and marketing of non-ferrous materials and manufacturing and sales of magnetic dressing equipment

Location: Shanghai, China

《Specific examples of business support》


Business seminars for companies Overseas business mission Joint participation in overseas expositions Match-making between local environmental companies and overseas companies Supporting overseas business of local companies and introducing the companies to overseas governmental institutions

Dispatched the Kitakyushu Environmental Business Mission (Dalian and Chongqing, China/12 companies participated, and 23 business meetings were held) Dispatched the Kitakyushu Environmental Business Mission to the 4th

2003 2004


Chongqing High-Tech Fair (Chongqing, China/5 companies participated, and 77 business meetings were held.) Published “The Summary of Kitakyushu’s Environmental Technology 2004” Dispatched an Environmental Business Group to China (Dalian, Beijing, Tianjing/19 companies participated, and 499 business meetings were held.) Conducted a Survey on the Chinese Market for Environmental Business

In 2002, the company launched a welding flux recycling business in Korea. In 2004, the company started production of magnesium ingot in Shanxi Province, and in 2007, began operation of its stainless sludge processing plant in Shanghai.

Shanghai Green Products Inspection Co., Ltd.

Shanghai Kaituo Magnetic Dressing Metal Co., Ltd.

Database for Kitakyushu private business companies The city of Kitakyushu has developed a database to readily search companies in Kitakyushu in environmental business.

KICS was established with the aim of creating new businesses and developing business through international collaboration in organically connecting Kitakyushu company technologies. Many member companies succeeded in developing new technologies and starting overseas operations in their active environmental business. In 2005, KICS signed a friendship agreement with the Dalian Environmental Protection Industrial Association to promote environmental business.

《Major environmental technologies of Kitakyushu companies》 Pollution prevention Energy saving CP technology

《Activities of KICS》

Waste treatment and recycling

① Collect and examine the market information and the technology about the

Environmental consulting

environment business. ② Plan and create the project about the development of the environment business. ③ Interact and collaborate with universities, government, other associations and

Eco products and eco services

other companies, etc. ④ Advertise and disseminate information about the activities performed by this

Business Meeting with the Korea Environmental Venture Association (5 companies and 1 organization from South Korea participated.) Dispatched an Environmental Business Mission to Wuxi and Suzhou, China

Kitakyushu Eco-Town (in Japanese)

body and its corporate members.

(8 companies participated) A friendship agreement was signed between the Kitakyushu Environmental Business Promotion Association and the Dalian Environmental Protection Industrial Association.

Summary of Kitakyushu’s environmental technology (in Japanese and English)

Preliminary survey for overseas business model for Kitakyushu Eco-Town (Suzhou and Tianjing, China) 2006

Nippon Steel Kankyo Engineering Co., Ltd. Dalian office

Location: Shanghai and Taiyuan (Shanxi Province), China and Pohan, Korea

Shanghai Green Products Inspection Co., Ltd. was established in Shanghai in May 2005. The main business is analysis of RoHS order-related substances.

Kitakyushu Interdependent Business Consortium for Sustainable Development (KICS) Major achievements of international environmental business

GEMtec Corporation

Kitakyushu e-Techno Trade (in Japanese, English, Korean, and Chinese)

Participated in the 2006 China International Environmental Protection Exposition (4 companies participated; 181 business meetings were held.)

Kitakyushu Technology Map (in Japanese)

Conducted a Feasibility Study on Building of Recycling Industry in Suzhou National New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone, China. Held an International Environmental Business Seminar

Kitakyushu company booth at the 2006 China International Environmental Protection Exposition


Seminar commemorating the 100th regular meeting of KICS


Aiming to be the World Capital of Sustainable Development Basic Principle for the World Capital of Sustainable Development

Creation of a City with True Wealth and Prosperity, Inherited by Future Generations Living together, Creating Together Three pillars for realization of basic philosophy

Economic Development through Environmental Actions Enhancing the Sustainability of the City 250 related projects

Living Together, Creating Together

Citizens’ Fields

Boosting the city’ s eco-power through grassroot efforts Developing eco-conscious human resources Utilizing the existing local communities

As we enter the twenty-first century, we face global-level environmental issues that threaten the survival and future of human beings, such as global warming. In order to pass down comfortable and livable environment to future generations, Kitakyushu has decided to strive to be a city that is recognized globally as the World Capital of Sustainable Development. Many people in Kitakyushu are sharing knowledge and helping hands at each aspect of residents, industry, and urban planning-levels to reduce environmental load and increase sustainability. We hope to expand these activities around the world.

Economic Development through Environmental Actions Creating and commercializing eco-friendly technologies

Industry and Technology Fields

Encouraging resource recycling

Kitakyushu Eco-Town Project

Eco-Life Stage

Eco Passport

The city of Kitakyushu is promoting the Kitakyushu Eco-town project, a unique regional policy that combines industry promotion and environmental

Each year, residents, community-based organizations, non-profit organizations, companies, and the local government of Kitakyushu hold the “Kitakyushu Eco-Life Stage,” in which participants share ecological experiences as well as propose and propagate ecological information. (The number of participants has grown from 96,333 in 2002 to 370,000 in 2006.) In 2002, an event in Eco-Life Stage registered in the Guinness Book of Records for its environment cleaning efforts was held, in which a world record, the largest number of volunteers picked up trash within Kitakyushu in a day were successfully achieved. In this way, eco-friendly activities are expanding.

Using the system of community currency, people are rewarded with eco points for engaging in eco-friendly activities. This program aims at having as many citizens as possible in environmental activities and expanding such activities.

conservation, in order to establish a resource circulating society. The project was approved by the national government, ahead of others, as a regional project, in 1997. In collaboration with the Kitakyushu Science and Research Park adjacent to the Eco-town, a comprehensive recycle-related works covering in such fields from education, basic research, technology development, practical research to commercialization, is implemented.

Ⅰ Education / basic research

Basic research and development of human resources

Kitakyushu Science and Research Park (KSRP)

Eco Cards One’s eco-friendly activities are recorded in the card with reward points. Cardholders can reflect on one’s eco contributions and have a report card that shows their achievement in carbon dioxide reduction. Reward points can be exchanged with eco-friendly p r o d u c t s o r c a n b e d o n a t e d t o n o n - p r o fi t organizations. The card leads citizens to practice even more active ecologically-friendly behaviors. Eco Stickers This is a part of Kitakyushu citizenry eco-life. When shoppers decline a plastic shopping bag, they are awarded a sticker with points. At 20 points, the stickers can be exchanged for a 50-yen discount coupon, which can be used at participating stores.

Establishing a basic philosophy of environmental policies Industry-academia collaboration

National, public, and private universities and graduate schools are located and collaborate on one campus -- the research park -- to conduct a variety of research projects and develop human resources for the future. The two major themes of the research park are environment and information.

《Universities and graduate schools located in KSRP》

Kitakyushu Science and Research Park

The University of Kitakyushu, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Environmental Engineering

Kyushu Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering

Waseda University, Graduate School of Information, Production and Systems

Kitakyushu Foundation for the Advancement of Industry, Science and Technology (FAIS) FAIS strives to help commercialization of industry technology and creation of new industries as a liaison between industry and academia.

Environmental education Kitakyushu was selected as the regional centre of expertise (RCE) for the United Nations University’s education for sustainable development (ESD), which is implemented around the world. The city published and distributed an eco-education book for all elementary and middle schools in Kitakyushu for the environmental education of children and practice of eco-friendly actions. More comprehensive public eco-education is offered in the forms of development of citizen volunteers (eco-education supporters) and support for children’s Eco Club activities, which is considered to be at the nation’s top level and utilization of the Environment Museum and other eco-education facilities.


Coordination of industry-academia collaboration and technical consultation Disseminating information of research outcomes of the Kitakyushu Science and Research Park Offering opportunities for industry-academia exchange Planning and promotion of industry-academia joint research projects and support of commercialization of research results Support for industry-academia joint R&D

For information on researchers at the Kitakyushu Science and Research Park

[Researchers database] For research topics

[Kitakyushu TLO (Technology Licensing Organization)]


Fukuoka University, Graduate School of Engineering

Aiming to be the World Capital of Sustainable Development

Ⅱ Technology and Practical Research

Support for practical research

Enhancing the Sustainability of the City

Incubation of local enterprises

Utilize, protect and culture the resource of a city Protect, make full use of the resource of a city & look for the beauty Reduce environment load in a city

Kitakyushu Eco-Town Practical Research Area This area has a concentration of facilities that verify a wide range of eco-related technologies for collaboration of industry, academia and government. Tested technologies include state-of-the-art waste treatment, resource recycling, and new energy sources.

Fukuoka University Institute for Recycling & Environmental Control System

Nippon Steel Corporation Kitakyushu Environmental Technology Center

Ⅲ Commercialization

Eco-Town Demonstration Research Facility, Kyushu Institute of Technology

Industrial Waste Research Facility, Kitakyushu Eco-Town Center

Variety of Recycling Projects, Eco Business

Urban Development Field

Helping to prevent global warming Kitakyushu’s carbon dioxide emission, the total amount, was reduced by more than 3% in comparison to the figure in 1990. Although industrial CO2 emission continues to decline, emission by households, businesses, and transportation has been increasing. In order to counter this increasing trend and to fight global warming in the entire city, the city has established the Plan to Promote Kitakyushu Measures against Global Warming in 2006.

Practical Research Area

《CO2 Reduction Target》Aiming to achieve the target in fiscal 2010

Support for Small- and Medium-Sized Venture Companies

Household (per household)

10% reduction

Kitakyushu Eco-Town Comprehensive

Japan’s first zero-emission industrial area that even employs thermal recycling

Environmental Industrial Complex Hibiki Recycling Area, Hibikinada East Area, Other areas The Hibikinada area, a focal area for the Eco-town project, a number of recycling plants are concentrated in a comprehensive industrial complex and the Hibiki Recycling Area. The recycling rate has increased as different kinds of recycling companies collaborate in the same recycling area, in addition to efforts by each plant’s recycling processes. In October 2004, the Eco-town project came to cover the entire city of Kitakyushu. In addition to existing recycling business, the city now supports reuse business, taking full advantage of the existing infrastructure, launch of new business with collaboration among companies, and greening in factory areas.

Number of participating companies: 25 Research facilities: 19 Amount of investment: Approximately 57.8 billion yen (city : national / prefectural government : private – 1:2:7) Number of workers: About 1,200 (including part-time researchers) Number of visitors: total – approximately 568,000

Promotion of waste reduction and recycling To promote the reduction and recycling of increasing wastes Kitakyushu laid down the Kitakyushu Basic Plan for Municipal Solid Waste Management to upgrade the existing policy of “simple waste recycling” toward a “comprehensive resource-circulating concept,” which is basically made up of the 3Rs -- reduce, reuse, and recycle -- and includes up to expansion of demand for recycled products (“green purchase”). Based on the plan, the city has been implementing measures, such as paper recycling (since 2004), revision of the business waste management system (since 2004), and reform in the existing household waste collection system (since 2006).

Saunder’s Gull at Sone dry beach

Comprehensive Environmental Industrial Complex ‒ Hibiki Recycling Area

Five objectives in the plan Beverage Can recycling

Fluorescent tube recycling

Home appliances recycling

Automobile recycling

Printer toner cartridge reuse

Concept of Kitakyushu Eco-Industrial Complex

Kitakyushu Eco Premium

This concept aims to further save energy and conserve resources by helping collaboration between industrial and residential areas and among businesses through utilizing the existing industrial infrastructure.

Eco-friendly products, technology, and service that have become known as Kitakyushu’s industrial and technology achievements are selected as Kitakyushu Eco Premium. By supporting to popularize such products, technology, and services, the city government encourages eco-friendly activities everywhere in the industrial sector.

with fiscal 2002

Kitakyushu is blessed with a rich natural environment, despite its status as one of Japan’s largest industrial cities. In order to realize the harmonious coexistence of city and nature, Kitakyushu has established the Basic Plan to Preserve the Natural Environment in Kitakyushu, the first of its kind in all Japanese cities designated by the national government.

《An overview of the Basic Plan to Preserve the Natural Environment in Kitakyushu》 Complex Core Facility

in comparison

Harmonious coexistence with nature

Basic philosophy

PET bottle recycling

Transportation (per vehicle)

Wind power generation

《Kitakyushu Eco-Town Project》

(as of January 2007)

Businesses (per floor area)

《Kitakyushu’s charged bags for waste collection and recycling》

Coexistence of city and nature

Household waste

Aiming to realize city in nature, and nature in city 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)  

Cans and glass bottles

PET bottles

Plastic wrapping

Preservation of diverse natural environment Citizens as nature’ s caretakers Urban planning for nature close by Promotion of citizen interaction with nature Development of information database on nature and living creatures

Construction of ecological apartments An eco-friendly apartment complex with a 200kW solar power generator and state-of-the-art energy saving equipment will be built in Kitakyushu. This apartment area is expected to reduce CO2 emission by 30% when measured against comparable city areas. City government’ s waste collection

The apartment complex was selected as a model for the Ministry of the Environment nationwide project to reduce CO2 emission in town areas by 20%.

《Kitakyushu Basic Plan for Municipal Solid Waste Management》 Basic philosophy Period A recycled construction material made combining wood waste and plastic waste (EcoWood)



Apartment house in which all units are partly powered with solar power generation (New Gaia)


Development from simple recycling to more comprehensive resource circulation 10-year plan covering fiscal 2000 to fiscal 2010 Reducing waste by 5% by reducing and reusing Increasing recycling rate from 13% to 25%

Introduction to Environmental Study Facilities and History of International Cooperation Kitakyushu’s Industrial Tourism

Welcome to the City of Environmental Studies and Industrial Tourism Kitakyushu has a number of environmental protection and education facilities. A variety of environmental study tours are possible, from visiting historical sites of overcoming pollution to state-of-the-art efforts to build a more comprehensive resource circulating society. In addition, many local companies actively welcome visitors and tours. Kitakyushu’s environmental learning tours, in which visitors can experience corporate and administrative efforts on-site, are highly rated, and attract many visitors

Chronology of Kitakyushu’s International Environmental Cooperation

Kitakyushu, a major industrial city, has developed an industrial tourism system where visitors can experience state-of-the-art manufacturing, in cooperation with local companies. These companies include a wide variety of Japan’s leading companies in the following industries: steel, chemicals, machinery, automobiles, ceramics, power, transportation, and media. We would like you to experience with your own eyes how these companies manufacture and how they implement environmental protection measures.

1980 1987

For inquiries, contact the Kitakyushu Tourism Section at: TEL: 093-582-2054


from inside Japan and overseas. 1990

Eco Life Plaza Eco-Town Center

Eco-Town center

We propose an eco-friendly lifestyle that can be easily practiced in everyday life at this location. Ecological products, used clothes, and used toys are also available for sale at Eco Life Plaza.

This is an educational center that uses the Eco-town project for its learning material. The center is also a core facility that comprehensively supports the Eco-town project. Eco-town project and affiliated companies are introduced with panels and exhibits. Guided visitor tours to recycling plants are available.

Eco Life Plaza

The idea of the core facility for the My Town, My River project was conceived by Kitakyushu citizens. Creatures that live in the Murasaki River are displayed in water tanks, while visitors can actually see in the river through strengthened glass from a room that faces the river. TEL: 093-551-3011

Mojiko Retro Area

Eco-Town Hiagari Incineration Plant Hiagari Recycle Plaza Hiagari Recycling Center for waste cans and bottles

Wakamatsu Ward

There are two facilities in the city for can and glass bottle recycling, where waste is separated into cans, glass bottles, plastic bottles, paper containers (milk cartons), and plastic trays, for sale. (Some of them are charged for disposal).


Environmental Museum of Water

Hibiki Container Terminal

Can/Glass Bottle Recycling Center

1993 1995

TEL: 093-512-3190

TEL: 093-752-2881

Kitakyushu Science and Research Park




1998 1999 Environmental Museum of Water


Higashida Comprehensive Development Project

Tobata Ward

Honjo Recycling Center for waste cans and bottles Honjo Recycle Plaza

Moji Ward

Environmental Museum of Water

Environment Museum Kogasaki Incineration Plant

Environment Museum

Kokura Area

Kitakyushu Innovation Gallery and Studio

Media Dome

Kokura Kita Ward

Kurosaki Area

Shin Moji Incineration Plant

Yahata Nishi Ward

Yahata Higashi Ward

The City of Kitakyushu


Kitakyushu Airport

The city of Kitakyushu, which strives to be the world’s environmental capital, has opened a comprehensive learning and exchange facility in the environmental field for its residents. The museum has displays of the city’s history of overcoming pollutions, an eco protection georama, materials related to the environment, books, panels, and video shows. Videos can be viewed or checked out at the museum. In addition, the museum offers games and environmental classes taught by eco learning supporters.


TEL: 093-663-6751

Hiagari Recycling Center for waste cans and bottles Honjo Recycling Center for waste cans and bottles


Higashi Kyushu Expressway

Kokura Minami Ward

Kitakyushu Semi-National Park Hiraodai

Piles of crashed cans

Environment Museum

2004 2005

Waste Incineration Plant Recycling Plaza

Sewage treatment Plants

There are two facilities in the city to repair reusable furniture from residences for sale at cost. It is possible to exchange previously worn clothes, used books, and preowned CDs that are displayed for used products of an equivalent value.

These facilities clean up domestic waste water and return it to nature as c l e a n w a t e r. P o l l u t e d w a t e r i s processed with the activated sludge method in which sludge interacts with the sewage and removes pollutants. 《Facilities》

Shinmachi Sewage Treatment Plant Hiagari Sewage Treatment Plant Sone Sewage Treatment Plant Kitaminato Sewage Treatment Plant Kogasaki Sewage Treatment Plant


Higari Recycle Plaza Honjo Recycle Plaza

The city has three solid waste incineration facilities, and together they have the capacity to process 2,130 tons of waste in a day. The Kogasaki Plant adopts a combined power generation system, which achieves high generation efficiency.. The Shinmoji Plant a d o p t s a g a s i fi c a t i o n m e l t i n g furnace system.

Higari Recycle Plaza



《Facilities》 Hiagari Sewage Treatment Plant

Kogasaki Plant Shin Moji Plant

Hiagari Plant Shin Moji Plant


Kitakyushu International Techno-Cooperative Association (KITA) is established. KITA’s Industrial Pollution Control Engineering Course is launched (the beginning of international environmental cooperation). The Kyushu International Center of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) opens. International Symposium on Environmental Pollution Measures in Urban Areas of the Developing Countries is held (the first international meeting). Kitakyushu is awarded Global 500 of the United Nations Environmental Programme. Kitakyushu is awarded UN Local Government Honours at the UNCED (Rio Summit / Earth Summit). KITA Environmental Cooperation Center is launched; six city government officials are dispatched. Dalian-Kitakyushu Technical Exchange Seminar is held in Dalian, China Kitakyushu’s international environmental cooperation is awarded the Most Distinguished recognition from the Japan Association for Planning Administration. The China-Japan Friendship Environmental Protection Center is launched in Beijing, China. Kitakyushu dispatches personnel (a total of four as of 2006). JICA’s development study on Dalian Environmental Model Zone is launched based on efforts by Kitakyushu (until 2000). Kitakyushu holds the Conference on Environmental Cooperation Among Cities in the Asian Region, which leads to the establishment of the Environmental Cooperation Network of Asian Cities. Kitakyushu and Semarang, Indonesia sign an environmental partner agreement. The Kitakyushu Office of the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) is launched. The City’s Environment Bureau launches the Office for International Environmental Cooperation The 4th United Nations ESCAP Ministerial Conference on Environmental and Development is held in Kitakyushu. ⇒ The Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment is adopted. Kitakyushu participates in the 1st China International Environmental Protection Exhibition and Conference (the launch of international environmental business). Kitakyushu Basic Environment Ordinance is enacted. ⇒ The international cooperation for the environment is positioned by ordinance. The Kitakyushu mayor receives China’s National Friendship Award. The Kitakyushu mayor attends the Johannesburg Summit as a government representative. ⇒ The mayor receives the Earth Summit 2002 Sustainable Development Award. The Johannesburg Summit Plan for Implementation stipulates the Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment as a leading local initiative for sustainable development. Kitakyushu conducts studies under the proposal-based study scheme in Chongqing, China and Surabaya, Indonesia, the first such studies conducted by a Japanese local government for Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). The 1st meeting of Environmental Panel for the Organization for East Asia Economic Development is held in Kitakyushu. With city support, three companies in environment-related business in Kitakyushu establish bases in China. The Kitakyushu mayor delivers an address at the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development. Kitakyushu launches its Asia environmental human resource development project (ends in 2010). Kitakyushu signs an agreement on environmental cooperation with the China-Japan Friendship Environmental Protection Center. A Kitakyushu company receives the Minister of the Environment Award for fiscal 2006 for popularizing the Kitakyushu method of compost making in Surabaya, Indonesia. The Kitakyushu mayor has a talk with Gro H. Brundtland, the former chairperson of the World Commission on Environment and Development.

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