Italian S40430 Italian Renaissance Literature and Culture: Venice and the Northern Italian Courts Prof. Jo Ann Cavallo,

Columbia in Venice Summer Program 2016 Department of Italian Italian S40430 Italian Renaissance Literature and Culture: Venice and the Northern Italia...
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Columbia in Venice Summer Program 2016 Department of Italian Italian S40430 Italian Renaissance Literature and Culture: Venice and the Northern Italian Courts Prof. Jo Ann Cavallo, [email protected] Note: This course is open to both undergraduate and graduate students. For Columbia undergraduates, the course counts toward the Italian major and concentration. Description: Renaissance Italy was a hub for cross-cultural interactions, reflected in various ways across literary genres. This course on Venice and the Northern Italian courts will pay special attention to the crossing of boundaries, whether socio-cultural, religious, linguistic, gendered, ethnic, or strictly geographical, in a range of fourteenth- to early seventeenth-century texts, such as travel writings, chivalric epic poetry, court literature, comedy, drama, dialogues, and the novella. Authors covered will include Marco Polo, Boiardo, Ariosto, Castiglione, Beolco, Giraldi Cinzio, Tasso, Tarabotti, and Galileo. Issues of patronage and propaganda, aesthetics and ideology, classicism and iconoclasm, will also be discussed. Extracurricular: Excursions to local art museums to view worldmaps and artwork related to the course reading. Requirements: 1) one-two paragraph written response for each reading, due on Sunday and Tuesday evenings, i.e., the day before each class; 2) two class presentations, 10-15 minutes; 3) participation in class discussions; 4) final six-seven page reflection on one or more texts or--especially for graduate students--proposal for a future research project. Weekly syllabus1: Week 1: Marco Polo (1254-1324), Il Milione / Travels Week 2: Matteo Maria Boiardo, Orlando Innamorato / Orlando in Love Week 3: Ludovico Ariosto, Orlando Furioso/The Frenzy of Orlando Week 4: Baldassare Castiglione, Il libro del Cortegiano/ Book of the Courtier Week 5: Monday: Angelo Beolco, Il reduce / The Veteran; Giambattista Giraldi Cinzio, novella VII from Gli Ecatommiti (“Un capitano moro piglia per 1

We will be discussing selections, in the case of longer works. Required and suggested readings (links and pdfs) can be found in CourseWorks under the weekly Syllabus.

mogliera una cittadina Venetiana” / “A Moorish Captain Takes to Wife a Venetian Dame”); Wednesday: Torquato Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata. Week 6: Monday: Torquato Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata/ Jerusalem Delivered; Arcangela Tarabotti, Tirannia paterna/ Paternal Tyranny; Wednesday: Galileo Galilei, Il saggiatore/ The Assayer For introductory reading on the above authors and works see the Literary Encyclopedia bookshelf “Italian Renaissance Literature and Culture”: http://www.litencyc.com/php/viewbookshelf.php?portfolioid=3516. Log in with your Columbia University email address following the instructions for“International off-campus login.” Required reading, with links and recommended editions in Italian and in English translation (as well as additional suggested reading given below in smaller font): Week 1: Marco Polo (1254-1324) On-line editions: Marco Polo, Travels http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Travels_of_Marco_Polo Marco Polo, Il Milione http://www.liberliber.it/libri/p/polo/index.php Travels, Preface 1-18 (the Italian edition contains an initial paragraph not present in the on-line translation cited above, but found here: https://ia802605.us.archive.org/16/items/travelsofmarcopo92polo/travelsofmarcop o92polo.pdf [p. 35 on-line, p. 1 of the volume) Il Milione, 1-18 Travels, Book 1.23-25 (the Old Man of the Mountain) Il Milione, 40-42 Travels, Book 1.46-50 (Prester John and Chinghis Kaan) Il Milione, 63-67 Travels, Book 1.51-55 (customs of the Tartars) Il Milione, 68-69 Travels, Book 2.1 (Cublay Kaan) Il Milione, 75 Travels, Book 2.10-12 (Cublay Kaan’s person, sons, and palace) Il Milione, 81-83 2

Travels, Book 2.24-27 (Cublay Kaan’s money printing and governing) Il Milione, 95-98 Travels, Book 3.2-3 (Japan) Il Milione, 155-6 Travels, Book 4.1-4 (battles in Greater Turkey) Il Milione, 195 Travels, Book 4.34 (conclusion) Il Milione, 209 final three paragraphs only Sante, Matteo. “Marco Polo.”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com.http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3594 Documentary: “In the Footsteps of Marco Polo”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmAuJ4Y7Aa0 Suggested further reading: Cavallo, Jo Ann. “Marco Polo on the Mongol State: Taxation, Predation, and Monopolization.” Libertarian Papers 7.2 (2015): 157-168. Online at http://libertarianpapers.org/article/7-cavallo-marco-polo-on-the-mongol-state/ Murrin,Michael. "Marco Polo and the Marvelous Real,”in Trade and Romance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013. Pp. 9-26. [Courseworks] Vogel, Hans Ulrich.Marco Polo Was in China: New Evidence from Currencies, Salts and Revenues. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

For Marco Polo in the context of Mongolian cosmopolitanism: Sharon Kinoshita, “Reorientations: The Worlding of Marco Polo. Cosmopolitanism and the Middle Ages. Eds. John M. Ganim and Shayne Aaron Legassie. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 39-57. Additional primary reading in translation: Komroff, Manuel, ed. Contemporaries of Marco Polo: Consisting of the travel records to the Eastern parts of the world of William of Rubruck (1253–1255), the journey of John of Pian de Carpini (1245–1247), the journal of Friar Odoric (1318–1330), and the Oriental travels of Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela (1160–1173). New York: Dorset, c1989. Documentary series: Marco Polo - A Very Modern Journey http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/marco-polo/episodes.html For the travels of Marco Polo’s North African contemporary, Ibn Battuta, see Ross E. Dunn, The Adventures of Ibn Battuta: A Muslim Traveler of the Fourteenth Century(University of California Press, 2012) and the documentary by Tim Mackintosh Smith, The Man Who Walked Across the World: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8xU2ukQKiY (part 1) The Catalan Atlas (1375): http://www.henry-

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davis.com/MAPS/LMwebpages/235mono.html(description); http://www.henrydavis.com/MAPS/LMwebpages/235E.html (image). “If the map is stripped of its legends and drawings of the older tradition, it is apparent that the main interest of the compiler is concentrated in a central strip across Asia. Herein lies a succession of physical features: mountains, rivers, lakes and towns with corrupt but recognizable forms of their medieval names as given in the narratives of the great travellers of the 13th century. These are jumbled together in a manner sometimes difficult to understand, but with the help of Marco Polo's narrative, it is possible to disentangle the itineraries which the map was evidently intended to set out.” Marco Polo’s voyage on a map: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Il_milione?uselang=it#/media/File:VIAGGI_POLO _OK.jpg

Print editions in Italian and English: Milione. Le divisament dou monde. Il milione nelle redazioni toscana e franco-italiana. Ed. Gabriella Ronchi. Intro. Cesare Segre. 1982.Milan: Mondadori, 2006. The Travels of Marco Polo. Trans. Ronald Latham. Penguin Classics.

Week 2: Matteo Maria Boiardo (1441-1494) On-line editions: http://www.liberliber.it/online/autori/autori-b/matteo-maria-boiardo/orlandoinnamorato/ (ed. Aldo Scaglione) Orlando in Love. Trans. Charles S. Ross. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press, 2004. [Courseworks] Episodes for Monday: Angelica in Paris, 1.1.1-52 (i.e., Book 1, canto 1, stanzas 1-52) The Stream of Love, 1.3.31-50 Castle Cruel, 1.8.16-1.9.35 Agricane at Albracà, 1.18.29-1.19.16 Origille, 1.18.51-56 Episodes for Wednesday: Cyprus tournament, 2.19.49-60, 2.20.1-40 Morgana’s underground lake, 2.7.40-2.9.48 Brandimarte at Febosilla’s Palace, 2.25.23-42, 57-58; 2.26.1-19 Rugiero and Bradamante, 3.4.33-3.5.43 Laughing Stream, 3.7.1-37 Secondary reading for Monday:

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Cavallo, Jo Ann. “Matteo Maria Boiardo”and “Orlando Innamorato,”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com. http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?UID=471&rec=true http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=24333 —-. “Nur ad-Din to Norandino: The Middle East in Boiardo's Orlando Innamorato." Global Perspectives on Italian Literature, Cinema, and Culture. Ed. Tonia Riviello. Salerno: Edisud, 2012. 17-37. [For the Cyprus tournament] —-. “Talking Religion: The Conversion of Agricane in Boiardo’s Orlando Innamorato.”Modern Languages Notes 127 Supplement (2012): S178-S188. — Suggested further reading: Cavallo, Jo Ann. Boiardo's "Orlando Innamorato": An Ethics of Desire. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson Press; London: Associated University Presses, 1993. —. The Romance Epics of Boiardo, Ariosto, and Tasso: From Public Duty to Private Pleasure. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. —. The World beyond Europe in the Romance Epics of Boiardo and Ariosto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013. Especially chapter 1 (Angelica), pp. 21-28;ch 16 (Brandimarte), pp. 211-227. [CourseWorks] Estense-Catalan world map, 1450-1460, currently in the Biblioteca Estense, Modena: http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-vn1600394 http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/LMwebpages/246mono.html http://cartographic-images.net/Cartographic_Images/246_Catalan-Estense.html Fra Mauro’s world map (1459), currently in the Correr Museum, Venice: http://www.henrydavis.com/MAPS/LMwebpages/249mono.html“Fra Mauro's representation of the Far East is derived from Marco Polo. His illuminator has conceived the cities and places of Cathay, as described by Polo, in the architectural styles of the Venetian Renaissance. [....] The towns, and the numerous annotations, are taken directly, it would appear, from Polo's narrative.” http://www.bl.uk/magnificentmaps/map2.html (zoomable copy) Scenes from the Orlando Inamorato in Sicilian puppet theater: http://edblogs.columbia.edu/eboiardo/ Paolo Panaro recites the Orlando Innamorato, canto 1: http://commons.mla.org/groups/materialsfor-teaching-the-italian-romance-epic/ Recent paperback edition: Orlando Innamorato. Ed. Andrea Canova.Milan: BUR, 2012.

Week 3: Ludovico Ariosto (1474-1533) On-line editions:

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http://www.liberliber.it/online/autori/autori-a/ludovico-ariosto/orlando-furiososegre/ (ed. Cesare Segre) http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/615 and Courseworks

Episodes for Monday: Angelica and Medoro, 19.17-40 Island of killer women, 19.54-20.97 Gabrina, 20.106-144 (Reynolds translation in Courseworks) Orlando’s madness, 23.100-136 Secondary reading for Monday: Cavallo, Jo Ann. “Ludovico Ariosto” and “Orlando Furioso,”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com. http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=146 http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?UID=2989&rec=true ---. Chapter 1, “Medoro”(pp. 32-35), in The World beyond Europe in the Romance Epics of Boiardo and Ariosto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013. [Courseworks under Boiardo]

Episodes for Wednesday: Astolfo’s Ethiopian adventures, 33.96-128 Marganorre, 37.23-121 (Reynolds translation in Courseworks) Rinaldo’s Po Valley novella of Argia and Adonio, 43.64-144 Secondary reading for Wednesday: Cavallo, Jo Ann. Chapter 14, “Prester John”(pp. 182-190), in The World beyond Europe in the Romance Epics of Boiardo and Ariosto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013. [Courseworks under Boiardo] —— Suggested further reading: Cavallo, Jo Ann. The Romance Epics of Boiardo, Ariosto, and Tasso: From Public Duty to Private Pleasure. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. ---. The World beyond Europe in the Romance Epics of Boiardo and Ariosto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013. [Courseworks under Boiardo]

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Cantino world map, currently at the Biblioteca Estense, Modena: http://bibliotecaestense.beniculturali.it/info/img/geo/i-mo-beu-c.g.a.2.html Scenes from the Orlando Furioso in Sicilian puppet theater: http://edblogs.columbia.edu/eboiardo/ (under Authors / Ariosto) Editions: Orlando Furioso. Ed. Lanfranco Caretti. c1966. Turin: Einaudi. Orlando Furioso / The Frenzy of Orlando.Trans. Barbara Reynolds, 2 vols. NY: Penguin, 1975. Orlando Furioso. Trans. Guido Waldman. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [prose version]

Week 4: Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) On-line editions: http://www.liberliber.it/online/autori/autori-c/baldassarre-castiglione/il-libro-delcortegiano/ (ed. Giulio Preti) http://archive.org/stream/bookofcourtier00castuoft/bookofcourtier00castuoft_djvu .txt Below page numbers refer to Singleton translation in CourseWorks. For Monday: Dedicatory letter (1-8); Book I, ch. 1-7 (pp. 11-20), ch .12-17 (pp. 25-34), ch. 2628 (pp. 42-47), ch. 41-44 (pp. 66-72), ch. 56 (pp. 85-86); Book II. ch. 1-8 (pp. 89100), ch. 17-30 (pp. 109-126); ch. 44-84 (these chapters on separate pdf); ch. 9698 (pp. 193-5); For Wednesday Book III. ch. 1 (pp. 201-2), ch. 21-26 (pp. 222-28), ch. 34-36 (pp. 235-240), ch. 77 (pp. 281-2); Book IV. ch. 1-2 (pp. 285-87), ch. 5-18 (pp. 289-303), ch. 26-27 (pp. 310-12), ch. 47-48 (pp. 331-33), ch. 73 (pp. 356-60).

Motta, Uberto, “Castiglione,” and Olga Zorzi Pugliese, “Book of the Courtier,”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com. http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=784 (Castiglione) http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=4595 (Book of the Courtier) Cavallo, Jo Ann "Joking Matters: Politics and Dissimulation in Castiglione's Book of the Courtier." Renaissance Quarterly 53 (2000): 402-24. [Courseworks] —7

Suggested further reading: Albury, W. Randall.Castiglione's Allegory: Veiled Policy in The Book of the Courtier (1528).Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014. Chapter 2, pp. 27-60, chapter 5.6-7, pp. 139-58. Rospocher,Massimo.‘IN VITUPERIUM STATUS VENETI’: THE CASE OF NICCOLÒZOPPINO. The Italianist 34.3 (October 2014): 349–361. [CourseWorks]

Urbino: Photos of the Palazzo Ducale: http://www.italianways.com/federico-da-montefeltros-perfectpalace/ Raphael’s portrait of Castiglione: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Baldassare_Castiglione

Editions: Il libro del Cortegiano. Ed. Walter Barberis. Turin: Einaudi, 1998. The Book of the Courtier. Trans. Charles S. Singleton. New York: Doubleday, 1959.

Week 5: Angelo Beolco (1502-1542), Giambattista Giraldi Cinzio (1504-1573), and Torquato Tasso (1544-1595) Monday: Beolco, Il reduce / The Veteran (1527) On-line editions: http://www.liberliber.it/online/autori/autori-r/ruzzante-alias-angelo-beolco/ilreduce-o-parlamento-de-ruzante-che-iera-vegnu-de-campo/

The Veteran from The Veteran (Parlamento de Ruzante); and Weasel (Bilora): two one-act plays. Trans. Ronnie Ferguson. New York: Peter Lang, 1995. [CourseWorks] Secondary reading: Carroll, Linda L.,“Angelo Beolco,”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com. http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=12855 Performance: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dSceLeG_Ug4 (part 1) 8

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Zn9w3oV5t4 (part 2) Giraldi Cinzio novella (“Un capitano moro piglia per mogliera una cittadina Venetiana”/ “A Moorish Captain Takes to Wife a Venetian Dame”) (1565) On Courseworks: Giraldi Cinzio, Giambattista. Gli Ecatommiti. Ed. Susanna Villari. Roma: Salerno editrice, 2012. Novella VII. Vol. 1, pp. 612-26. Translated by John Edward Taylor in An Anthology of Interracial Literature: Black-White Contacts in the Old World and the New. Ed. Werner Sollors. Pp. 85-93. Secondary reading: Pucci, Paolo. “Giambattista Giraldi Cinthio.”Literary Encyclopedia. http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=887 Operatic version: Trailer, Giuseppe Verdi, Otello in Franco Zeffirelli’s film version (via Shakespeare’s Othello).https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hg8qCzJnGT4

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Wednesday: Tasso, Gerusalemme Liberata(1581) On-line versions: http://www.liberliber.it/online/autori/autori-t/torquato-tasso/gerusalemmeliberata/ (ed. Anna Maria Carini) http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/392 (Fairfax translation) Episodes: Gerusalemme Liberata 4.20-96 (Armida’s entrance); 14.57-71 (Armida falls for Rinaldo) Secondary reading: Cavallo, Jo Ann, “Torquato Tasso,”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com. http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=4315 Print editions: Tasso, Torquato. Gerusalemme Liberata. Ed. Anna Maria Carini. Biblioteca di classici italiani. Milan: Feltrinelli, 1961.

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Jerusalem Delivered. Trans. Anthony M. Esolan. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. [Verse] Jerusalem Delivered. Trans. and ed. Ralph Nash. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987. [Prose] The Liberation of Jerusalem. Trans. Max Wickert. Intro. Mark Davie. Oxford World’s Classics. Publisher: Oxford University Press, 2009. [Verse]

Week 6: Torquato Tasso (1544-1595), Arcangela Tarabotti (1604-1652), and Galileo Galilei (1564-1642). Monday: Tasso and Tarabotti Tasso, Gerusalemme Liberata(1581), contd. Episodes: Gerusalemme Liberata15.55-66 and 16.1-66 (Carlo and Ubaldo “rescue Rinaldo”from Armida), 20.121-136 (Rinaldo and Armida reunite) Secondary reading: Jo Ann Cavallo, "Gerusalemme Liberata,”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com. http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=4308 —Suggested further reading: Cavallo, Jo Ann. The Romance Epics of Boiardo, Ariosto, and Tasso: From Public Duty to Private Pleasure. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. Chapter 15, pp. 186-228. [expands on Literary Encyclopedia profile; in Courseworks]

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Arcangela Tarabotti, Tirannia paterna(published posthumously in 1654 as La semplicitàingannata/Innocence Deceived) http://chicago.universitypressscholarship.com.ezproxy.cul.columbia.edu/view/10. 7208/chicago/9780226789675.001.0001/upso-9780226789651 and CourseWorks (Letizia translation) https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=4esxNpiLQ8C&printsec=frontcover&output=reader&hl=it&pg=GBS.PA1 (Italian) Selected pages of Letizia translation: 37-42, 46-48, 56-60, 70-72, 79-83, 85-122, 149-153. Secondary reading: 10

Panizza, Letizia.“Volume Editor’s Introduction.”Paternal Tyranny. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. http://site.ebrary.com.ezproxy.cul.columbia.edu/lib/columbia/detail.action?docID =10209967 — Suggested further reading: Infelise, Mario. “Books and Politics in Arcangela Tarabotti’s Venice.”In Arcangela Tarabotti: A Literary Nun in Baroque Venice. Ed. Weaver, Elissa. Ravenna: Longo, 2006. Pp. 57-72. [CourseWorks] Print editions: Paternal Tyranny. Edited and translated by Letizia Panizza. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. La semplicitàingannata. A cura di S. Bortot. Padova: Il Poligrafo, 2008.

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Wednesday: Galileo On-line editions: http://www.liberliber.it/online/autori/autori-g/galileo-galilei/il-saggiatore/ Piccolino, Marco, and Nicholas J. Wade. Galileo's Visions: Piercing the Spheres of the Heavens by Eye and Mind. Oxford University Press, 2013. Chapter 1.2-8, including excerpts from The Assayer (pp. 5-22). Available on-line: http://www.oxfordscholarship.com.ezproxy.cul.columbia.edu/view/10.1093/acp rof:oso/9780199554355.001.0001/acprof-9780199554355 Edward Muir, “The Skeptics: Galileo’s Telescope and Cremonini’s Headache.”The Culture Warsof the Late Renaissance. The Bernard Berenson Lectures on the Italian Renaissance. Villa I Tatti. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2007. Chapter 1, pp. 15-59. Available on-line: http://site.ebrary.com.ezproxy.cul.columbia.edu/lib/columbia/detail.action?docI D=10318377 —Suggested further reading: Wilding, Nick.“Galileo Galilei.”The Literary Encyclopedia, litencyc.com. http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=1670

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The Galileo project: http://galileo.rice.edu Galileo’s Portal: http://www.museogalileo.it/en/explore/galileoportal.html

For the critical edition of the full text: Galilei, Galileo. Il saggiatore. Eds. Ottavio Besomi and Mario Helbing. Rome-Padua: Antenore, 2005.

*** Profiles from the Literary Encyclopedia cited above can be accessed directly through the Literary Encyclopedia bookshelf“Italian Renaissance Literature and Culture”: http://www.litencyc.com/php/viewbookshelf.php?portfolioid=3516

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