Indicator Plant Species of New Brunswick Forests

Indicator Plant Species of New Brunswick Forests Part 1: Tree and Shrubs • • • • • • • • • • Green Alder Speckled Alder Bog Rosemary Bearberry Leat...
Author: Pearl Gregory
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Indicator Plant Species of New Brunswick Forests

Part 1: Tree and Shrubs • • • • • • • • • •

Green Alder Speckled Alder Bog Rosemary Bearberry Leatherleaf Prince’s Pine Sweet Fern Red-osier Dogwood Beaked Hazel Mayflower

• • • • • • • • • •

Sheep-Laurel Bog-Laurel Labrador Tea Mountain Holly Small Cranberry Pin Cherry Rhodora Bristly Currant Dwarf Raspberry Ground Hemlock

Green Alder Alnus crispa • Nitrogen-fixing. • More adapted to drier conditions than speckled alder. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Speckled Alder Alnus incana • Nitrogen-fixing. • Prefers poorly drained soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Bog Rosemary Andromeda polifolia • Prefers acidic, nutrient poor, wet, organic soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Bearberry • Arcostaphylos uva-ursi • Prefers nutrient poor, dry habitats. • Oxylophytic (prefers acidic soils). Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata • Prefers wet, nutrient poor, organic soils.

Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Prince’s Pine Chimaphila umbellata • Prefers nutrient poor, moisture deficient soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Sweet Fern Comptonia peregrina • Prefers dry, sandy, nutrient poor soil.

Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Red-osier Dogwood Cornus sericea • Prefers moist, nutrient medium sites. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Beaked Hazel Corylus cornuta • Prefers basic, calcium rich soils with good drainage. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Mayflower Epigaea repens • Prefers acidic, sandy to coarse loamy soil. • Prefers low nitrogen levels. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Sheep-Laurel Kalmia angustifolia • Will grow on poor and rich sites, but typically on nutrient poor. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Bog-Laurel Kalmia polifolia • Prefers acidic, nutrient poor, wet sites. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Labrador Tea Ledum groenlandicum • Moderate indicator of soils. • Prefers acidic, nutrient poor, wet sites. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Mountain Holly Nemopanthus mucronata • Acidic, nutrient poor, moist soils.

Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Small Cranberry Vaccinium oxycoccus • Prefers wet, nutrient poor, organic soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Pin Cherry Prunus pensylvanica • Prefers nutrient medium, coarse textured, well drained soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Rhodora Rhododendron canadense • Prefers acidic soils with low nitrogen. • Broad range of moisture preferences. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Bristly Currant Ribes lacustre • Nitrophytic • Indicates nutrient rich, fine textured, slightly basic soils. Wet Moist Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Dwarf Raspberry Rubus pubescens • Nitrophytic • Indicates nutrient rich, moist – wet soils. Wet Moist Fresh

Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Ground Hemlock Taxus canadensis • Typically prefers rich sites. • Indicates soils associated with seepage zones. Wet Moist Fresh

Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Part 2: Vascular Non-woody, Nonvascular and Lichens • • • • • • • • • • • •

Red Baneberry Sarsaparilla Bluejoint Grass Small Enchanter’s Nightshade Goldthread Pink Lady’s Slipper Fireweed Trout Lily Sweet-scented Bedstraw Wood Nettle Naked Mitrewort Wood Sorrel

• • • • • • • • • • • •

False Solomon’s Seal Lady Fern Spinulose Woodfern Woodland Horsetail Oak Fern Shining Clubmoss Sensitive Fern Interrupted Fern Reindeer Lichen Tree Moss Stair-step Moss Plume Moss

Red Baneberry Actaea rubra • Nitrophytic • Indicates seepage areas. • Prefers basic, nutrient rich soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Sarsaparilla Aralia nudicaulis • Nitrophytic. • Nutrient medium – rich soils that are fresh – moist. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Bluejoint Grass Calamagrostis canadensis • Prefers very moist – wet soils that are nutrient medium. • Associated with Floodplains. Wet

Moist Fresh Dry

Poor

Medium

Rich

Small Enchanter’s Nightshade Circaea alpina • Associated with moist forests. • Prefers nutrient rich soil. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Goldthread Coptis trifolia • Indicates nutrient poor – medium soils. • Prefers low nitrogen and low pH. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Pink Lady’s Slipper Cypripedium acaule • Oxylophytic. • Prefers coarse textured, dry, nutrient poor soil. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium • Nitrophytic. • Prefers nutrient medium, dry – fresh soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Trout Lily Erythronium americanum • Prefers nutrient medium – rich, well drained, sandy loam soils with slightly acidic – neutral pH. Wet Moist Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Sweet-scented Bedstraw Galium triflorum • Nitrophytic. • Prefers nutrient rich, moist soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Wood Nettle Laportea canadensis • Indicates nitrogen rich, moist – wet soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Naked Mitrewort Mitella nuda • Prefers nutrient medium – rich soils with high – neutral pH levels.

Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Wood-Sorrel Oxalis montana • Prefers fresh – moist, subacidic soils that are relatively nutrient rich. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

False Solomon’s Seal

Smilacina racemosa

• Nitrophytic. • Prefers nutrient rich, fresh – moist soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina • Nitrophytic. • Prefers nutrient rich soils of varying moisture. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Spinulose Woodfern Dryopteris spinulosa • Prefers nutrient medium, moist – fresh mineral soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Woodland Horsetail Equisetum sylvaticum • Oxylophytic. • Prefers moist – wet soils of varying nutrients. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Oak Fern Gymnocarpium dryopteris

• Prefers nutrient rich, moist – fresh soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Shining Clubmoss Huperzia lucidulum • Prefers fresh – moist, nitrogen rich soils with neutral – basic acidity. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Sensitive Fern Onoclea sensibilis • Good indicator of periodic flooding. • Prefers nutrient rich, clay textured, wet soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana • Prefers moist, subacidic – neutral soils with moderate – low nitrogen. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Reindeer Lichen Cladina sp. • Good indicators of acidic, nutrient poor, very dry soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Tree Moss Climacium dendroides • Prefers nitrogen rich, moist – wet, organic soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Stair-step Moss Hylocomium splendens • Prefers organic material to grow. • Indicates acidic, nutrient poor, fresh – wet soils. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich

Plume Moss Ptilium crista-castrensis • Oxylophytic. • Good indicator of acidic, nutrient poor, dry – moist soil. Wet Moist

Fresh Dry Poor

Medium

Rich