Indian Streams Research Journal

Vol 5 Issue 1 Feb 2015 ISSN No : 2230-7850 ORIGINAL ARTICLE International Multidisciplinary Research Journal Indian Streams Research Journal Execu...
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Vol 5 Issue 1 Feb 2015

ISSN No : 2230-7850 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

International Multidisciplinary Research Journal

Indian Streams Research Journal

Executive Editor Ashok Yakkaldevi

Editor-in-Chief H.N.Jagtap

Welcome to ISRJ RNI MAHMUL/2011/38595 ISSN No.2230-7850 Indian Streams Research Journal is a multidisciplinary research journal, published monthly in English, Hindi & Marathi Language. All research papers submitted to the journal will be double - blind peer reviewed referred by members of the editorial board.Readers will include investigator in universities, research institutes government and industry with research interest in the general subjects.

International Advisory Board Flávio de São Pedro Filho Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil

Mohammad Hailat Dept. of Mathematical Sciences, University of South Carolina Aiken

Hasan Baktir English Language and Literature Department, Kayseri

Kamani Perera Regional Center For Strategic Studies, Sri Lanka

Abdullah Sabbagh Engineering Studies, Sydney

Ghayoor Abbas Chotana Dept of Chemistry, Lahore University of Management Sciences[PK]

Janaki Sinnasamy Librarian, University of Malaya

Ecaterina Patrascu Spiru Haret University, Bucharest

Romona Mihaila Spiru Haret University, Romania

Loredana Bosca Spiru Haret University, Romania

Delia Serbescu Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

Fabricio Moraes de Almeida Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil

Anurag Misra DBS College, Kanpur

Anna Maria Constantinovici AL. I. Cuza University, Romania Ilie Pintea, Spiru Haret University, Romania Xiaohua Yang PhD, USA

George - Calin SERITAN Faculty of Philosophy and Socio-Political Sciences Al. I. Cuza University, Iasi

......More

Titus PopPhD, Partium Christian University, Oradea,Romania

Editorial Board Iresh Swami Pratap Vyamktrao Naikwade ASP College Devrukh,Ratnagiri,MS India Ex - VC. Solapur University, Solapur R. R. Patil Head Geology Department Solapur University,Solapur Rama Bhosale Prin. and Jt. Director Higher Education, Panvel Salve R. N. Department of Sociology, Shivaji University,Kolhapur Govind P. Shinde Bharati Vidyapeeth School of Distance Education Center, Navi Mumbai Chakane Sanjay Dnyaneshwar Arts, Science & Commerce College, Indapur, Pune Awadhesh Kumar Shirotriya Secretary,Play India Play,Meerut(U.P.)

N.S. Dhaygude Ex. Prin. Dayanand College, Solapur Narendra Kadu Jt. Director Higher Education, Pune K. M. Bhandarkar Praful Patel College of Education, Gondia Sonal Singh Vikram University, Ujjain

Rajendra Shendge Director, B.C.U.D. Solapur University, Solapur R. R. Yalikar Director Managment Institute, Solapur Umesh Rajderkar Head Humanities & Social Science YCMOU,Nashik S. R. Pandya Head Education Dept. Mumbai University, Mumbai

Alka Darshan Shrivastava G. P. Patankar S. D. M. Degree College, Honavar, Karnataka Shaskiya Snatkottar Mahavidyalaya, Dhar Maj. S. Bakhtiar Choudhary Director,Hyderabad AP India.

Rahul Shriram Sudke Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore

S.Parvathi Devi Ph.D.-University of Allahabad

S.KANNAN Annamalai University,TN

Sonal Singh, Vikram University, Ujjain

Satish Kumar Kalhotra Maulana Azad National Urdu University

Address:-Ashok Yakkaldevi 258/34, Raviwar Peth, Solapur - 413 005 Maharashtra, India Cell : 9595 359 435, Ph No: 02172372010 Email: [email protected] Website: www.isrj.org

Indian Streams Research Journal ISSN 2230-7850 Impact Factor : 3.1560(UIF) Volume-5 | Issue-1 | Feb-2015 Available online at www.isrj.org

A STUDY OF SELF ESTEEM AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF HIGH AND LOW ACHIEVERS Chaudhari Kailas Digamber Research Scholar, M.S.S Art’s Commerce and Science College, Jalna. Abstract:Aim of the study is to look at the study of self worth on decisiveness and emotional maturity of high and low achievers. Hypothesis: 1) there'll be no important difference between high and low achievers dimension on decisiveness 2) there'll be no significant distinction between high and low achievers dimension on decisiveness. 3) there'll be no important distinction between high and low achievers dimension on emotional maturity. Sample: For this study eighty Sample were belongings to Aurangabad, eighty faculty students was enclosed among them forty high achievers and forty low achivers. The age vary of subjects was 18-25 years. Tools: Differential temperament Scale (DPS) This scale is developed and standardized by L.N.K. Shinha and Arun kumar Singh. 2) self worth Inventory: this inventory developed and standardized by M S Prasad and G P Thakur. Result: 1) high achievers have significantly high self worth than the low achievers. 2) High achievers have considerably high decisiveness than the low achievers. 3) High achievers have considerably high emotional maturity than the low achievers

Keywords: Self Esteem , Personality characteristics , High and Low Achievers. INTRODUCTION: Emotional stability is considered as one of the important aspect of human life. It is one of the effective determinants of the personality patterns. An emotionally stable individual has the capacity to withstand delay in satisfaction of needs, capability to tolerate a reasonable amount of frustration, belief in long term planning and is able of delaying or revising his expectations in terms of demands of the situations. Kling, Hyde, Showers and Buswell (1999) conducted a study to examine gender differences in global self-esteem. Result indicated that male score higher on standard measure of global self-esteem than females but the difference is small. Mullis and Chapman (2000) studied the relationship between coping, gender, age and self-esteem in adolescents and found that adolescents with higher self-esteem used more problem focused coping strategies and adolescents with lower selfesteem used more emotion focused coping strategies. Vasuki and Reddy (1997) explored the self-esteem of single children using an ex-post facto design, which revealed that most of the children had high self-esteem and no gender differences in the self-esteem of 12-15 years olds were found. Overall all boys showed high self-esteem, and also indicated significant differences in the self-esteem of boys of the two age groups whereas the same was not observed in the case of girls. Hay and Ashman (2003) investigated gender differences associated with the development of adolescents’ sense of general self-concept and emotional stability were investigated with 655 adolescents. Relationships with parents were important for males’ emotional stability, but not females. Peer relations were more influential in the formation of adolescents’ emotional stability than parental relationships. Aleem (2005) examines difference between the mean scores of male and female students on emotional stability and revealed that male students are found to be more emotionally stable than female students. self-esteem and personality are likely to share common developmental roots, and examining the personality correlates of self-esteem across the life span might provide insights into the nature of self-esteem and its development. Like personality, self-esteem is moderately heritable, with about 30% of the variance due to genetic Chaudhari Kailas Digamber, “A STUDY OF SELF ESTEEM AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF HIGH AND LOW ACHIEVERS” Indian Streams Research Journal | Volume 5 | Issue 1 | Feb 2015 | Online & Print

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.A Study Of Self Esteem And Personality Characteristics Of High And Low Achievers differences (Kendler, Gardner, & Prescott, 1998). Basic temperamental characteristics, rooted largely in genetic differences, influence people’s behavioral tendencies as well as their affective feelings about what kind of persons they are. For example, individuals with a temperamentally low threshold for the experience of negative affect tend to feel negatively about themselves. AIM OF THE STUDY: 1)To examine the study of self esteem on decisiveness and emotional maturity of high and low achievers.

METHODS: Sample: For the present study 80 Sample were belongings to Aurangabad, 80 college students was included among them 40 high achievers and 40 low achivers. The age range of subjects was 18-25 years. Tools 1) Self Esteem Inventory: This test is developed and standardized by M S Prasad and G P Thakur for measuring self esteem. The test consisted of 30 Items. The subjects were required to respond to each item in terms of 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1. The test spit half Reliability Range from .82 to .78 and highly reliable. 2)Differential Personality Scale (DPS): This test is developed and standardized by L.N.K. Shinha and Arun kumar Singh for measuring personality characteristics. The test consisted of 165 Items. The subjects were required to respond to each item True or False. The test- retest Reliability Coefficient Range from..73 to.86 which were high and significant indicating that the Different dimensions of the Scale have sufficient Temporal Stability. Procedures of data collection Self esteem inventory and personality inventory administered individuals as well as a small group. While collecting the data for the study the later approaches was adopted. The subjects were called in a small group of 20 to 25 subjects and there seating arrangements was made in a classroom. Prior to administration of test, through informal talk appropriate rapport form. Following the instructions and procedure suggested by the author of the test. The test was administered and a field copy of test was collected. Following the same procedure, the whole data were collected. Variable Independent variable1) Type of Achievers i) High

ii) Low

Dependent Variable 1)Self Esteem 2)Personality Characteristics Indian Streams Research Journal | Volume 5 | Issue 1 | Feb 2015

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.A Study Of Self Esteem And Personality Characteristics Of High And Low Achievers i)Decisiveness ii)Emotional Maturity STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION Mean Std. Deviation, Std. Error and t value of high and low achievers dimension on self esteem, decisiveness and emotional maturity. High Achievers Dimension

Low Achievers

Mean

SD

SE

Mean

SD

SE

DF

t

Self Esteem

31.58

3.47

0.54

25.09

4.05

0.64

78

7.69**

Decisiveness

15.69

2.19

0.34

11.78

3.02

0.47

78

6.62**

Emotional Maturity

15.91

2.66

0.42

12.03

2.87

0.45

78

6.27**

At the first mean of self esteem score of the high achievers is 31.58 and low achievers score is 25.09 and high and low achievers mean was highly significant t value 7.69 (78) and both levels were significant as well as null research hypothesis was reject and alternative hypothesis was accepted high achievers have significantly high self esteem than the low achievers. Second mean of decisiveness score of the high achievers is 15.69 and low achievers score is 11.78 and high and low achievers mean was highly significant t value 6.62 (78) and both levels were significant as well as null research hypothesis was reject and alternative hypothesis was accepted high achievers have significantly high decisiveness than the low achievers. Third mean of Emotional Maturity score of the high achievers is 15.91 and low achievers score is 12.03 and high and low achievers mean was highly significant t value 7.69 (78) and both levels were significant as well as null research hypothesis was reject and alternative hypothesis was accepted high achievers have significantly high Emotional Maturity than the low achievers. REFERENCES: 1.Aleem, S. (2005). Emotional Stability among College Youth. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 31, 100-102 2.Hay, I., & Ashman. A. F. (2003). 3.Psychol.Med. 28:1403-1409

Indian Streams Research Journal | Volume 5 | Issue 1 | Feb 2015

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