Higher education in Finland Sino-Finnish Learning garden Sino-Finnish Education Dialogue between Professor Hannele Niemi and professor Gu Mingyuan 29.5.2015 Department for Higher Education and Science Policy Director General Tapio Kosunen

WELCOME to the Ministry of Education and Culture!




The Finnish Education System

Work experience 3 years



MATRICULATION EXAMINATION General upper secondary schools

VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS Institutions & apprenticeship training

BASIC EDUCATION Comprehensive schools 7-16 year-olds


LIBERAL ADULT EDUCATION - Open University education - Open Polytechnic education - Adult education centres - Folk high schools - Summer universities - Study centres - Sports institutes

Selected higher education and research landscape facts about Finland • Higher education institution and research institution network covers the populated parts of the country – 14 universities (168 000 student enrolments, of which 18 000 doctoral students) – 24 polytechnics/Universities of Applied University (blue) Sciences (148 000) Polytechnic (green) – 13 research institutions Research institute (red) Ministry of Education and Culture Education: http://www.minedu.fi/OPM/Koulutus/?lang=en Finnish National Board of Education http://oph.fi/english Research.fi -page http://www.research.fi/en/frontpage

State Budget 2015 Total Expenses M€ 53 705 by Field of Administration

Min. of Education and Culture

The Finnish Higher Education System

Statistics about HE in Finland

Source: Statistics Finland

Recent developments in the Finnish HE

Goal: more dynamic HE and research sector Higher education reforms

Reform of science and research network

Other developments

University reform 2009

Reform of state research institutes and research funding

Encouraging funding models

Academy of Finland

Structural reform of VET

Strengthening of the research infrastructure

Other political decisions related to macro-economic balance

Polytechnic Reform

Structural development of HEIs

Reforms of HE and research system University reform •

Greater autonomy, stronger financial and administrative status, independent legal persons, greater latitude with finances – Universities are better able to operate with the surrounding society – Stronger community relations – e.g. external members of the board

• Reform did not change – The freedom of research, art and education, academic decision-making – The government’s responsibility for funding the public duties of the universities

Polytechnic reform •

Independent legal persons (limited companies), new funding model, new operating licences including updated educational responsibilities –

more flexibility to better react and response to the needs of the surrounding society, stronger strategic competence, profiling, focus area choises, stronger leadership and ability to decision making Quality and effectiveness of teaching and RDI, international competitiveness

• The responsibility for core funding entirely transferred to the state Reform of state research institutes and research funding • Structural reforms, research funding reforms –

Mergers, consortiums, deeper co-operation, strategic research funding instrument

Future orientations and Government programme 2015-2019

Future orientations of the Ministry of Education and Culture • Making the chain of knowledge fit – by strengthening the whole HE system (profiles, specialisation, structures and cooperation) – by open science and data in education and research – by renewing the structures, funding and steering mechanisms – by policy making based on knowledge

Government programme 2015-2019 • Government Programme May 27, 2015 Finland of Solutions – a strategic government programme • Vision: Finland 2025 –together built – – – –

Finland as a part of Europe Finland of sustainable economy Renewing Finland Safe Finland

Government programme 2015-2019 on education and research • Finland is a leading country of education, knowledge and modern learning. • Targets: • • • •

modernisation of learning environments, digitalisation, new pedagogics interaction between education and working life to be strengthened the quality and impact of research and innovation actions have increased the internationalisation of education and research has increased and the barriers of knowledge services and education export have been demolished

• Education flagship – flagship initiatives on all levels: • • • •

new learning environments and digitalisation to basic education, new pedagogics, securing peaceful learning environments, more physical exercise, extending the language skills reform of the upper secondary vocational education, effectiveness of the organisation ot the education, learning by doing at working environments fastening the track from education to working life on all levels strengthening the cooperation between HEIs and industry for commercialisation of innovation