High Performance Chemicals for Lubricants

YOUR VERSATILE PARTNER IN CHEMISTRY High Performance Chemicals for Lubricants Ketjenlube TM / POLYMERIC - SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL ESTERS Dapral TM / A...
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YOUR VERSATILE PARTNER IN CHEMISTRY

High Performance Chemicals for Lubricants

Ketjenlube TM / POLYMERIC - SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL ESTERS Dapral TM / ASA - PIBSA - ASI - PIBSI Dapramid TM / FATTY ACID AMIDES Dapraphos TM / PHOSPHITES - PHOSPHONATES - PHOSPHATES Dapralube TM / OLEOCHEMICALS Dequest TM / ANTISCALANTS

History of the Company

Italmatch Chemicals S.p.A is a global specialty chemicals company, leader in polymeric, natural, synthetic and complex esters and in its traditional sector of organic and inorganic phosphorus derivatives. Italmatch Chemicals Group has a strong international and global presence with more than 80% of production being exported. The company’s strategic and long term focus is mainly in the lube oil, water & oil management and plastic additives markets, with five manufacturing sites in Europe (Spoleto and Arese in Italy, Zaragozza in Spain, Frankfurt in Germany and Newport in UK) and three in China. The Group is particularly committed to the Asian market growth, leveraging also on its historical access to China, with established local manufacturing and regional Asia Pacific marketing presence. The Arese product portfolio includes Ketjenlube Polymer Esters, Synthetic and Fatty Acid Esters, Amides, Fatty Acid Chlorides and ASA/PIBSA, as well as organic Phosphorus derivatives. In Spain the Group manufactures Oleoesters. Water soluble Phosphonates are manufactured in UK. The Arese site is located near Milan, in northern Italy. Various reactors (glass lined and stainless steel) of different sizes allow high flexibility in production planning with additional capacity for optimization and expansion. Core technologies/competences include, among others, polymerization, esterification, chlorination, amidation and “ene” thermal condensation. A consistent high product quality is ensured by a team of experienced and skilled people, with particular focus on joint product and technical development with Customers/Partners. Arese site it is also equipped with an applicative laboratory to screen and test product performance. The Arese site is certified ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 14001:2004 and participates in the Responsible Care programme. The plant maintains Halal and Kosher certifications for manufacturing of a range of food grade polymeric esters. The Zaragozza site has integrated acids and natural esters manufacturing (using renewable raw materials).

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Chemicals for Lubricants and Fuels Main

Chemistry

Chemical Name

Trade Name

Applications

Esterification

Phosphite esters

Dapraphos

Lubricant

Feedstocks PCL3 / H3PO3

POCl3 / P2O5

Alcohols

Esterification

TM

Phosphate esters

Intermediates

Phosphonates

EP additives

Di-esters

- renewable sources

Polyol Esters

- petrochemical sources

Complex Esters

Ketjenlube

TM

Lubricants

Lubricants

Ammonia

Amidation

Amides

Dapramid

Olefins, Alcohols

Polymerization

Ester Copolymers

Ketjenlube

Condensation

ASA/PIBSA

Dapral

TM

PA

Lubricants/Fuels

ASI/PIBSI

Dapral

TM

PI

Intermediates

TM

TM

Lubricants

Unsaturated Diesters, Maleic Anhydride

Maleic Anhydride Olefins, reactive PIB Amines

3

Ketjenlube Polymer Esters for Automotive and PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL

Method

CHARACTERISTICS

KL

KL

KL

KL

KL

KL

KL

115

135

165

1300

215

230

240

Medium/High Polar Products

Viscosity at 100°C (mm²/s)

ASTM D-445

15

34

65

260

16

30

40

Viscosity at 40°C (mm²/s)

ASTM D 445

115

340

770

4100

120

280

400

Viscosity index

ASTM D-2270

135

139

152

190

140

140

160

Pour point (°C)

ASTM D-97

-30

-39

-30

-21

-27

-33

-6

Flash point (°C)

ASTM D-92

250

250

255

260

250

250

270

Acid Number (mgKOH/g)

ASTM D-974

0.4

0.2

0.3

Compatibility attributes: Ketjenlube Polymer esters are available in different polarities and are fully compatible with a wide variety of mineral base stocks Group I, II and III Base Oils, PAO both light and heavy grades. >> Outstanding inherent lubricity: Ketjenlube Polymer Esters exhibit one of the highest load carrying capacities compared to most other lube oil base fluids available in the market. >> High VI and shear stability: Ketjenlube Polymer Esters are able to perform consistently under high pressure and temperature regimes without losing their original properties. >> Very high oxidative stability and film strength: This makes Ketjenlube Polymer Esters the best choice as high performance additives for cutting oils enhancing lifetime and reducing corrosion potential of the product.

>> Powerful synergy with AW/EP Additives: This makes it possible to replace e.g. chloroparaffins in metal working fluids by a combination of Ketjenlube Polymer Esters and sulfur/phosphorus additives without losing EP-performance. >> Superior hydrolytic stability: Ketjenlube Polymer Esters enhance/extend the lifetime of emulsions and are recognized as some of the most hydrolytically stable esters available for metal working fluids (soluble oils). >> Clean burning, clean evaporation and low volatily: Ketjenlube Polymer Esters burn or evaporate at high temperatures without giving rise to smoke, hazardous fumes and carbon residues. This allows the formulation of low smoke two-stroke engine oils or industrial oils for high temperature applications. >> Excellent Seal Compatibility: Ketjenlube polymer esters demonstrate neutrality to slight swelling character to the common seal materials when used as a base fluid which offers the advantage of no requirement for ester seal swelling agents when used together with PAO or Group III base oils.

Idealized structure of Ketjenlube Polymer Esters

7

Ketjenlube

Ketjenlube Polymer Esters IN TWO-STROKE ENGINE OILS The high inherent lubricity together with their clean burning make the Ketjenlube Polymer Esters an ideal base fluid for two-stroke motor bike engine oils. The ISO-L-EGD results of four different formulation examples (semi-synthetic, synthetic, high solvent oils) containing Ketjenlube Polymer Esters as ester component are:

OIL

1

2

3

4

Type

Synthetic;

Synthetic

Semi

Semi

Synthetic

Synthetic

High Solvent Composition (wt %) Ad-pac A

/

/

5.2

/

Ad-pac B

9.3

/

/

5.2

Ad-pac C

/

5.2

/

/

Polyisobutylene

40.7

49.8

30

30

Ketjenlube 305

/

25

15

/

Ketjenlube 135

/

/

/

10

Ketjenlube 115

15

/

/

/

150 SN mineral oil

/

/

/

30

600 SN mineral oil

/

/

34.8

10

Solvent

35

20

15

14.8

Viscosity 100°C (mm2/s)

8.8

9.6

9.5

9.5

 

 

ISO-L-EGD-Engine Test Results: - Exhaust smoke index

193

172

85

89

116

100

103

97

98

100

102

100

Not Determined

Not Determined

105

108

- Detergency index 3 Hours (GD limit:125 min)

135

137

125

Not Determined

Exhaust port blocking index (FC limit: 90 min)

210

111

110

125

(FC limit: 85 min) - Lubricity index (FC limit: 95 min) - Torque index (FC limit: 98 min) - Detergency index 1 Hour (FC limit:95 min)

8

Ketjenlube Polymer Esters IN FOUR-STROKE ENGINE OILS Special performance needs for 4T Motor Cycle Engine Oil’s need to satisfy requirements of: Engine, Gear Box & Clutch. > > > > > >

High temperature piston cleanliness Thermal & Oxidative stability Higher HTHS viscosity Engine durability Superior clutch friction Strong gear Pitting/Wear performance.

Synthetic 10W-30 Oil with Ketjenlube 135 Formulation Details.

Meeting new JASO MA2 - 2011 Specification. Added value to customers: >> Fuel economy – 10W/30 & lower viscosity grades + low shear. >> Lower oil consumption due to low Noack volatility. >> Longer Oil Drain Intervals.

Test Results

COMPONENT

Wt%

TESTS RESULTS

METHOD

RESULTS

250 N Grp III (Ultra S8)

79.4

Viscosity @ 40°C, cSt

ASTM D 445

65.7

KETJENLUBE 135

9

Viscosity @ 100°C, cSt

ASTM D 445

10.2

Add Pack

10

Viscosity Index improver

1.3

Viscosity Index

ASTM D 2270

141

POUR POINT DEPRESSANT

0.3

HFRR (100C,50Hz,1000g,60 mins)

ASTM D 6079-M

Friction Coefficient

0.098

Wear Scar (mm)

0.46

Film Thickness

(%)

Oxidation Stability (121°C, 312 h)

84.9 ASTM D 2893

KV@100°C Increase (%)

0

Acid number increase (mgKOH/g)

0.38

CCS -25°C, mPas

(7000 max)

ASTM D 5293

5900

HTHS @ 150°C, cP (2.9 Min)

ASTM D 5481

3.25

JASO T 903 – 2011 Engine Test

MA2

PASS

DFI

2.08

≥1.85 & > >> >> >>

Excellent thermo-oxidative and hydrolytic stability. Shear stability. Compatibility with non-polar base stocks and polar additives. Excellent viscosity characteristics at low temperatures. Improved film strength enhancing micro-pitting performances

AUTOMOTIVE GEAR OILS / FORMULATION EXAMPLES

 

 

 

 

 

KL2700

KL23000

PAO 100

PAO 40

Viscosity Grade

75W-140

75W-90

75W-90

75W-90

COMPOSITION

 

Ketjenlube 2700

50.5

 

 

 

Ketjenlube 23,000

 

30

 

 

PA0 100

 

 

45

 

PA0 40

 

 

 

58 10

PA0 4

30

60

30

Di-Ester (Adipate)

9.5

 

15

15

Ad-Pac, Anti-Foam

10

10

10

17

PERFORMANCE DATA

 

 

 

 

Viscosity 100°C (mm2/sec)

24.3

14.8

15.1

14.9

Viscosity - 40°C (mPas)

125500

29400

57500

56800

Apperance (-15°C)

HOMOGENEOUS, CLEAR

Copper Corrosion ASTM D 130

1a

1a

1a

1a

Shear loss After 20 h (%)

Viscosity Increase(%)

3.54

3.80

3.80

Demulsibility ASTM D2711

Free Water: 87 ml

Free Water: 87 ml

Free Water: 87 ml

Emulsion: 0.0 ml

Emulsion: 0.0 ml

Emulsion: 0.0 ml

Water in OIL 0.4%

Water in OIL 0.8%

Water in OIL 0.3%

Water Separation ASTM D1401

42-38-0 (45)

Not Determined

40-40-0 (30)

Foaming Characteristics ASTM D892

Sequence I: 0/0

Sequence I: 0/0

Sequence I: 30/0

Sequence II: 20/0

Sequence II: 60/0

Sequence II: 60/0

Sequence III: 0/0

Sequence III: 10/0

Sequence III: 30/0

Four-Ball Test ASTM 2783

LWI: 51,1 Weld Load: 250 Kg

LWI: 64,2 Weld Load: 250 Kg

LWI: 53,2 Weld Load: 250 Kg

Falex Pin&Vee Test ASTM D2670; Wear Teeth

1

3

1

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Ketjenlube

Ketjenlube 2700 and 3700 IN WIND TURBINE OILS  Proven alternative to PAO/ester based EP-gear Oils: >> Synergy with AW/EP-additives >> Lower peak temperatures under high load >> Long term stability: (Oxidative, hydrolytic, shear and >> Improved additive compatibility >> Improved micropitting performance >> Higher durability. >> Use in Off-shore wind turbines. >> No need for ester solubilizers.

thermal)

Various OEM approvals (e.g. Flender, wind turbine manufacturers) >> Competitively priced versus PAO 40/PAO 100

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Ketjenlube 2700 versus PAO 40 PERFORMANCE IN ISO VG 220 INDUSTRIAL GEAR OIL COMPOSITION

"Ketjenlube2700"

"PAO 40"

Ketjenlube 2700

42

/

Polyalphaolefin 40

/

80.6

Polyalphaolefin 6

56.6

10.5

TMP C-8/10 Ester

/

7.5

Additive Package A (Plus Antifoam)

1.4

PERFORMANCE TESTS Viscosity

40°C (mm2/s)

1.4  

220

221

+ 3.5

+ 26

40-40-0 (45 min)

40-40-0 (45 min)

0.4

0.3

Free Water (ml)

87

87

Emulsion (ml)

0

Oxidation Test ASTM D-2893 (121°C, 312h) Viscosity Increase (%) Demulsibility Test ASTM D-1401 (121°C) Oil-Water Emulsion (ml) Demulsibility Test ASTM D-2711 (82°C) Water in Oil (ml)

Foam Test ASTM D-892

0  

Sequence I (ml)

0

30-0

Sequence II (ml)

50-0

60-0

Sequence III (ml)

0

30-0

4-Ball Test ASTM D-2783

 

Weld Load (Kg)

200

200

Load Wear Index

51.6

53.2

Copper Corrosion ASTM D 130

1A

1B

Rust Prevention ASTM D 665

PASS

PASS

13

Ketjenlube

Ketjenlube 240 Use in FOOD GRADE INDUSTRIAL GEAR OILS Provides: >> >> >> >> >>

superior wear protection and stability (clearly exceeding DIN 51517-3) low in colour even after ageing Complete elastomer compatibility Complete formulation with full proof of performance available All compounds of the formulation are NSF-approved as H-1 and HX-1

Ketjenlube 240 has been specially designed for the use in premium food-grade lubricant formulations (H1 lubricants) in combination with very low polar components like high viscosity Polyalphaolefins or Polyisobutenes. Ketjenlube 240 significantly improves the lubricity and friction characteristics in lubricants for food-grade applications such as: • Industrial gear oils; • Chain lubricants (esp. for higher temperature applications); • Greases  erformance of Ketjenlube 240 in a Food-Grade P Industrial Gear Oil (ISO 220 Grade; meeting DIN 51517-3) Composition (wt%): Base fluids

PAO 40 PAO 8 Ketjenlube 240

64.5 20.5 13.5

Additives

Additin RC 9330* Foam Ban 159*

1.5 0.0075

*Additin and Foam Ban are registered trade marks of Rhein Chemie and Muenzing GmbH, resp. A  nalytical Results: Test method

Viscosity 100°C (mm²/s) Viscosity 40°C (mm²/s) Viscosity index Pour point (°C) Flash point (°C) Water content (ppm)

14

Result

227 26.7 151 -33 274 100

Limits according to DIN 51517-3

198 - 242 90 min. -9 max. 200 min. 1000 max.

Test method

Result

Limits according to DIN 51517-3

41-39-0 (10)

40-37-3 (30)

Foaming ASTM D 892 Sequence I (ml) Sequence II (ml) Sequence III (ml)

10/0 0/0 50/0

100/10 100/10 100/10

Copper corrosion ASTM D 130 (100°C, 3h)

1a

1 max.

Steel corrosion ASTM D 665 (proc. A)

pass

pass

FZG-test (A/8.3/90); max. load stage

>12

12 min.

FE 8 test E DIN 51819-3 wear loss bearing rollers (mg) wear loss bearing cage (mg)

2.1 19.9

30 max -

Oxidation test ASTM D-2893 (121°C, 312 h); Viscosity increase (%)

3.4

41-39-0 (10)

Elastomer compatibility (NBR, 168 h, 100 °C) Volume change (%) Hardness change (shore A) Tensile strength change (%) Elongation break change (%)

0 -1 -3 -17

0/+10 max. -10/+5 max. -30 max. -40 max.

Demulsibility 1401 (82°C)

ASTM D

Functionalised Ketjenlube Esters KL2715S

Niche functionalized polymeric esters using a sulphur source to combine the benefits of the Ketjenlube polymer esters, their compatibility in Group I,II & III base oils to offer the formulators the added benefit of developing low mist and high load carrying performance neat oils. Pale in colour and low in odour this sulphured ester provides all the attributes of being oxidatively stable and shear resistant for use in modern high pressure/speed CNC machines found in to-days machine shops. Another advantage to be gained is the inactivity towards certain metals: stainless alloys, copper and other yellow metal alloys.

PARAMETERS

METHOD

KL 2715S

APPEARANCE

VISUAL

CLEAR YELLOW LIQUID

COLOUR

ASTM-D-1500

L 3.0

VIS. @ 40°C, cSt

ASTM-D-7042

665

S.G. @ 29.5°C, g/cc

ASTM-D-7042

0.988

STABILITY

INTERNAL

STABLE

CU. CORROSION

ASTM-D-130-M

AT 120°C, 3HRS. 3% IN 150SN GR I

1b

3% IN 500N GR II

1b

3% IN 250N GR III WELD LOAD, Kg

1b ASTM-D-2783

5% IN 150N GR II

400

10% IN 150N GR II SOLUBILITY

500 INTERNAL

5% IN 150SN GR I

BRIGHT & CLEAR

5% IN 500N GR II

BRIGHT & CLEAR

5% IN 250N GR III SULPHUR, %

BRIGHT & CLEAR CALCULATED

15

15

Ketjenlube

High Performance Esters Metal Working Fluids

Ketjenlube Polymer Esters are used commercially in a wide range of metal working applications at treat levels of between 5% to 25% depending on the application and metal being machined: >> >> >> >>

In neat oils In water-miscible fluids (soluble oils) For metal cutting operations (e.g. broaching, tapping, milling) For metal forming operations (e.g. rolling, drawing, stamping)

The performance of Ketjenlube Polymer Ester containing fluids is further increased when combined with Antiwear/EP agents, so enabling high performance formulations to be made which are characterised by: >> High film strength for good tool life and surface finish especially on hard metals; >> Reduction in mist generation especially in neat oil applications; >> Low carbon residues in post annealing operations in forming applications (stamping, drawing); >> Oxidative stabillity preventing corrosion, maintaining flash point and reducing shear in high pressure applications; >> Enhanced hydrolytic stability, improving long term stability of the product and maintaining cutting performance; >> Biological resistance reducing bacterial degradation of the ester component so enhancing the stability of an emulsion over extended periods thereby enhanging tool life and surface finish. Ketjenlube high performance esters have the added advantage of: >> Superior compatibility with gp I, II, III and other highly refined base oils. >> Favourable toxicological profile. >> Versatility in a wide range of conditions and applications. Italmatch Chemicals has invested extensively in the capability to evaluate the performance characteristics of the Ketjenlube Polymer esters in both laboratory based and external customer orientated application tests. Within the new Italmatch application laboratory the use of recognized performance test equipment such as Four-Ball, Reichert, Pin & Vee Block Falex, MICROTAP and CNOMO is creating a further detailed understanding of the application of the complete product range and differentation of the existing and newly developed products.

16

Ketjenlube Polymer Esters

EXCELLENT

GOOD

NEUTRAL

APPLICATIONS

CHEMISTRY

Ketjenlube Ketjenlube Ketjenlube Ketjenlube

115 135 165 1300

Polymeric Esters

LUBRICITY ENHANCER

EMULSIFIER

CORROSION INHIBITOR

EP/AW ADDITIVE

KEY CHARACTERISTICS - UNIQUE LUBRICITY PERFORMANCE; - VERY CLEAN BURNING WITH NO RESIDUE FORMATION; - HIGH ACTIVITY EVEN AT LOW TREAT RATES; - PROVEN SYNERGISTIC EFFECT WITH EP/AW ADDITIVES.

Superior Tool wear performances compared to Conventional Esters on steel

17

Ketjenlube

Polymer Esters

EXCELLENT

GOOD

NEUTRAL

APPLICATIONS

CHEMISTRY

Ketjenlube 445 Ketjenlube 445 VLP Ketjenlube 522

Ethoxylated Polymeric Esters

LUBRICITY ENHANCER

EMULSIFIER

CORROSION INHIBITOR

EP/AW ADDITIVE

KEY CHARACTERISTICS -

WATER DISPERSIBLE/SOLUBLE; SUPERIOR LUBRICITY PERFORMANCE; WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE STABILITY; ALTERNATIVE OPTION TO PAG CHEMISTRY; PROVIDES CO-EMULSIFYING PROPERTIES.

Proven tool wear performance on aluminium machining (KL 445)

18

CHEMISTRY

Ketjenlube 9350 Ketjenlube 9351 Ketjenlube 9450

Complex Esters

APPLICATIONS LUBRICITY ENHANCER

EMULSIFIER

CORROSION INHIBITOR

EP/AW ADDITIVE

KEY CHARACTERISTICS -

VERSATILE MULTIFUNCTION ADDITIVES; LUBRICITY ENHANCERS WITH EMULSIFYING PROPERTIES; ANTI RUST PROPERTIES IN BOTH NEAT AND WATERMIX FLUIDS; LOW FOAMING; ACIDIC FUNCTIONAL GROUPS REQUIRE NEUTRALISATION IN WATERMIX FLUIDS. PICTURE SEMISYNTHETIC FLUID.

CHEMISTRY

Ketjenlube 2715 S

Sulphured Polymeric Ester

APPLICATIONS LUBRICITY ENHANCER

EMULSIFIER

CORROSION INHIBITOR

EP/AW ADDITIVE

KEY CHARACTERISTICS - UNIQUE EXTREME PRESSURE PERFORMANCE; - COMPLETE ALTERNATIVE TO CHLOROPARAFFIN CHEMISTRY; - LIGHT IN COLOUR AND EXHIBITS LOW ODOUR; - SULPHURIZED ADDITVE ADAPTED FOR MULTI METAL APPLICATIONS. THE TYPICAL “ACTIVE SULFUR” CONTENT VALULES FOR THIS PRODUCTS IS: ~ 15%

19

Dapral PIBSA

EXCELLENT

GOOD

NEUTRAL

APPLICATIONS

CHEMISTRY

DAPRAL PA 450 DAPRAL PA 750 DAPRAL PA 1000

PIBSA

LUBRICITY ENHANCER

EMULSIFIER

CORROSION INHIBITOR

EP/AW ADDITIVE

KEY CHARACTERISTICS -

HIGH LEVELS OF EMULSIFYING PROPERTIES; HARD WATER STABILITY IMPROVER; EFFICIENT ALTERNATIVE TO SULPHONATES; CHLORINE FREE MANUFACTURING PROCESS.

SEPARATE DETAILED INFORMATION RELATED TO THE APPLICATION OF ALL OF THESE ADDITIVE GROUPS WITHIN MWF FORMULATIONS IS AVAILABLE ON REQUEST.

20

Italmatch Dequest® is offering unique specialty additives to meet the needs of these industries involved in water management or deal with processes or applications where water plays a crucial role. More than 40 years ago Dequest® pioneered the development of phosphonates based antiscalants.

Dequest phosphonates basically are used as chelant in MWF at the dosage of 0.2% to 0.5% to control particularly water hardness (Ca2+ and Mg2+) so that to passivate these cation (by forming soluble complexes) and avoid them forming calcium or magnesium soap that depletes one of the primary emulsifying system.

Dequest® phosphonates have been the product of choice for scale prevention, dispersion, chelation and metal corrosion inhibition in many applications for years. Recently, Dequest® phosphonates have been successfully introduced in metal working fluids applications.

At the dosage of Dequest 0.2-0.5% as it is in the MWF system; Dequest phosphonates already can deliver the corrosion inhibition (for steel or carbon steel only) and antiscalant function as well. The corrosion inhibition function of Dequest phosphonates will be enhanced by combining with sodium metasilicates, sodium molybdates, amine carboxylates ... etc.

Dequest® phosphonates range is broad and products can be proposed in standard, pure or very pure grades depending on exact needs (low chloride levels, low metallic ions). On top of commercially available grades, ItalmatchDequest is also continuously developing new molecules fitting customer needs and experimental grades can also be proposed. Please contact our technical team for selection of the product that will best fit into your ormulation.

If the water hardness is high like 250-500ppm as CaCO3; then dosage of 0.5% - 1.0% would be recommended. In soluble oil is the incorporation of Dequest® SPE0520 improves the emulsion stability when hard water is used.

Product used are, for example, Dequest® 2016 and Dequest® 2066.

21

Ketjenlube

Polymer Esters In Greases

Ketjenlube Polymer Esters are used commercially in semi-synthetic and synthetic greases. They do significantly improve the AW/EP-properties without disturbing the grease texture. Greases with Ketjenlube Polymer Esters also show significantly increased ageing resistance in the presence of iron. For more detailed information and test results about the use of Ketjenlube Polymer Esters please refer to the data-leaflet Ketjenlube Polymer Esters in Greases. Four-ball endurance test of a lithium soap grease with and without Ketjenlube 135 (load 2000 Newton).

The synergistic AW/EP effect of Ketjenlube 135 helps to absorb the frictional forces, resulting in lower peak temperatures and a longer grease life

22

MAJOR GREASE APPLICATIONS •NLGI grades from 0 to 2; •High temperature greases; •Greases for moist environments; •Metal soap, bentonite, or polyurea thickened greases.

MELAMINE CYANURATE Melamine Cyanurate is a salt of melamine and cyanuric acid. It is a non-toxic additive during its life cycle, including during fire situations, it is easy to handle, non-hazardous, recyclable and biodegradable. The use of Melamine Cyanurate (MC) in greases has been developed in Japan around 30 years ago, and there are known uses in Japan and the USA. A lubricant containing MC is effective for use in high-temperature, or high pressure atmospheres, or places where black-color producing contamination is not desired, or in metal working, cutting or grinding of metals. MC not only functions as a solid lubricant but also as an agent to thicken liquid lubricants such as mineral oil.

23

Regulatory Information

INVENTORY (COUN-

KL 115*

KL 165*

KL 3100

KL 445

TRY)

KL 135*

KL 305*

KL 3700

KL 445VLP

KL 215*

KL 1300*

KL 2700

KL 230*

KL 240*

KL 3300T

KL 2500*

KL 23000

EINECS (Europe)

**

**

**

**

**

TSCA (USA)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

KL 522

DSL (Canada)

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

AICS (Australia)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

MITI (Japan)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

IECSC (China)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

KECI (Korea)

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

NZIoC (New Zealand)

***

***

***

***

***

NECSI (Taiwan)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Thailand

**

**

**

**

**

* NSF registered for use in lubricants with incidental food contact (HX-1) ** Exempted - polymers *** Exempted – not hazardous substances

24

Saturated Complex Esters for use in Ecolabelled Lubricants

Biodegradable Hydraulic Fluids (Ecolabel) PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

KETJENLUBE

KETJENLUBE

KETJENLUBE

9200

9201

9202

Item

Test-Method

Typical Values

Appearance

Visual

Clear Liquid

Clear Liquid

Clear Liquid

Viscosity 40°C (mm s)

ASTM D-445

32

45

60

Viscosity 100°C (mm s)

ASTM D-445

6.8

8

9.2

Viscosity index

ASTM D-2270

170

150

130

Acid Number (mgKOH/g)

ASTM D-974

0.1

0.1

0.1

Pour Point

ASTM D-97

-52°C

-56°C

-40°C

Flash Point

ASTM D-92

230°C

230°C

230°C

Colour Gardner

ASTM D 1544

5

5

5

Iodine Number

in-house

70 %

% of Renewable

/

>78 %

>75 %

>72 %

2

2

(mgI2/100g)

Carbon

25

Conventional

Esters

Apart from the patented Ketjenlube© Polymer Esters Italmatch Chemicals is offering also a wide range of various other synthetic and natural esters under the Ketjenlube trade name:

POLYOL ESTERS

-

DIBASIC ACID ESTERS

-

COMPLEX ESTERS

-

TRIMELLITATE ESTERS

A SELECTION OF THE ESTER TYPES CURRENTLY AVAILABLE IS GIVEN IN THE TABLE BELOW: Trade Name

Description

Acid Value

KV@40°C

KV@100°C

Viscosity Index

Colour

Pour Point

Flash Point

mgKOH/g

cSt

cSt

-

Gardner

°C

°C

Reccomended Application

Ketjenlube 09

Dimer Ester

0.07

94

13

145

7

-57

280

Two-Stroke; MWF

Ketjenlube 10

Polyol Ester

0.07

22

4.4

-

2

-48

250

Automotive & Industrial Lubes

Ketjenlube 15

Dibasic Acid Ester

0.05

27

5.35

138

300

Ketjenlube 9505

Complex Ester

0.5

45000

2000

250

5

/

> 300

Metalworking forming & engine oils

Ketjenlube 72

Trimellitate Ester

0,1 Max

306

20.2

-

50 (Apha)

-20

270

Ketjenlube 73

Trimellitate Ester

0,1 Max

50

8

-

50 (Apha)

< -45

270

High Temperature Lube Applications

Ketjenlube 75

Trimellitate Ester

0,1 Max

88.5

9

-

50 (Apha)

< -40

> 240

Chain Oils and greases

Ketjenlube 76

Trimellitate Ester

0,1 Max

45

7

117

50 (Apha)

< -40

> 241

* Saturated and unsaturated version available

26

Colour

Acidity Value

Saponification Value

Specific Gravity 20ºC

Viscosity at 40ºC

Pour Point  

Hydroxyl value

Iodine value

Demulsivity test

Method of analysis

 

ASTM D974

ASTM D94

ASTM D1298

ASTM D445

ASTM D97

ASTM D1957

ASTM D5554

ASTM D1401

Units

Gardner

mgKOH/g

mgKOH/g

Kg/dm3

mm2/s

ºC

mgKOH/g

gI2/100g

Min-cc/ cc/cc

Dapralube EO

2 max.

0.5 max.

140-146

0.860-0.870

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