Heritage Reinvents. Europe s. of Farmed and Forested Landscapes in Europe. Europe Management of Farmed. Forested Landscapes in Europe

and Forested Landscapes in Europe Edited by Dirk Callebaut, Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková Edited by Stephen Trow, Vincent Holyoak and Emmet Byrn...
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and Forested Landscapes in Europe Edited by Dirk Callebaut, Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková Edited by Stephen Trow, Vincent Holyoak and Emmet Byrnes

Does cultural heritage bind or separate; does it have the power to add value to the

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uses that lie outside the spatial planning and development control systems of

EAC Occasional Paper No. 7 ISBN 978-963-9911-41-3

Edited by Stephen Trow,

EAC occasional paper no. 4 Edited by Dirk Callebaut, Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková EAC Occasional Paper No.Management 7  Heritageof Reinvents Europe Heritage Farmed and Forested Landscapes in Europe Vincent Holyoak and Emmet Byrnes

Heritage Reinvents Europe Management of Farmed Heritage

EAC Occasional Paper No. 7

EAC occasional paper no. 4

Heritage Reinvents Management Heritage of Farmed and Forested Europe Landscapes in Europe

Edited by Stephen Trow, Vincent Holyoak Edited by Dirk Callebaut, Jan Mařík and and Emmet Byrnes

Jana Maříková-Kubková

EAC Occasional Paper No. 7 Heritage Reinvents Europe Edited by Dirk Callebaut, Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková

Published by: Europae Archaeologia Consilium (EAC), Association Internationale sans But Lucratif (AISBL), Siege social / official address: Rue des Brigades d’Irlande 1 5100 Jambes (Namur) Belgique /Belgium www.e-a-c.org; www.european-archaeological-council.org

© The individual authors 2013 The opinions expressed in this volume are those of the individual authors, and do not necessarily represent official policy.

ISBN 978-963-9911-41-3

Brought to publication by Archaeolingua, Hungary Managing editor: Elizabeth Jerem Copy editing by Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková Layout by Rita Kovács Cover design by Gergely Hős Printed by Aduprint Printing and Publishing Ltd, Hungary Distribution by Archaeolingua, Hungary Cover image: The Provincial Heritage Centre in the archaeological park of Ename (Belgium), where the local past and the future Europe meet. Photo: Tom Nevejan, Digital Cordon Bleu bvba

EAC Occasional Paper No. 7 Heritage Reinvents Europe Edited by Dirk Callebaut, Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková

Published by: Europae Archaeologia Consilium (EAC), Association Internationale sans But Lucratif (AISBL), Siege social / official address: Rue des Brigades d’Irlande 1 5100 Jambes (Namur) Belgique /Belgium www.e-a-c.org; www.european-archaeological-council.org

© The individual authors 2013 The opinions expressed in this volume are those of the individual authors, and do not necessarily represent official policy.

ISBN 978-963-9911-41-3

Brought to publication by Archaeolingua, Hungary Managing editor: Elizabeth Jerem Copy editing by Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková Layout by Rita Kovács Cover design by Gergely Hős Printed by Aduprint Printing and Publishing Ltd, Hungary Distribution by Archaeolingua, Hungary Cover image: The Provincial Heritage Centre in the archaeological park of Ename (Belgium), where the local past and the future Europe meet. Photo: Tom Nevejan, Digital Cordon Bleu bvba

Contents

Foreword Katalin Wollák, President of Europae Archaeologiae Consilium

7

Opening address Jozef Dauwe, Deputy for Culture of the Province of East Flanders, Chairman of the Provincial Heritage Center, Ename

9

Introduction Dirk Callebaut and Jana Maříková-Kubková

11

Session 1  Europe or the power of a collective idea 1 | Archaeology, cavemen, megaliths, and the formation of European identities Ulf Ickerodt

17

2 | Archaeology, the public, and Europeanism. Caught falling between two chairs? Alexander Gramsch

25

3 | Show me the cultural heritage that symbolizes Europe! Roel During

33

4 | Common European heritage: reinventing identity through landscape and heritage? Sarah Wolferstan and Graham Fairclough

43



5 | What’s European in the landscape? Thomas Meier

55

Session 2  The use of heritage in economic, social and political action



6 | Nationalism, canonical history and archaeology in the Netherlands: towards a trans-national alternative Jos Bazelmans



67

7 | The Slavs, Great Moravia and Us Jana Maříková-Kubková

73

8 | All in the same boat. The Vikings as European and global heritage Søren M. Sindbæk

81



9 | Local, regional or international? The role of UNESCO World Heritage in changing local perceptions of the value of heritage in the North East of England Kirsty Norman



10 | Identity Ambivalences of monastic heritage and international networks: The case of the Cistercians and Trappists Thomas Coomans



11 | ‘Not just bones’. A cultural and political history of mass grave exhumations in Spain Lore Colaert



12 | Parallels. Construction and re-construction of the heritage of war in the urban landscape of Sarajevo – World War II and the 1992–95 conflict Maja Musi



13 | Archaeology of memory. Europe’s Holocaust dissonances in East and West Rob van der Laarse

87

91 99

105 119

EAC OCCASIONAL PAPER NO. 7

6

Session 3  Heritage identification and presentation



131

15 | The wreck of the Vrouw Maria – A sunken treasure or a common European heritage? Riikka Alvik



141

16 | Invisible Heritage: (Re)construction of historical Topoi in the urban structure of Rijeka Ana Bezić and Marina Vicelja

149

17 | Landscapes of memory: the heritage of the First World War in Flanders Luc Vandael

161

14 | Choosing our heritage: Two examples from Scotland Noel Fojut



18 | A First World War “heritage” as a lever for multiple processes of identification in a local, national, European and global perspective: the example of “De Westhoek”, (i.e. “Flanders Fields”, Belgium) Piet Chielens 19 | Archaeology and monuments in 3D in Europeana Daniel Pletinckx



167 175

20 | Virtual museums: from the Italian experience to a transnational network Sofia Pescarin

185

21 | Cradles of European culture: a Culture 2007–2013 project that aims to link local and European ambitions Dirk Callebaut

197

Contributors

209

Résumés

Louise Fredericq

211

EAC Occasional Paper 7 Heritage Reinvents Europe Edited by Dirk Callebaut, Jan Mařík and Jana Maříková-Kubková Budapest, 2013 224 pp., with 152 illustrations English, with abstracts in French and German ISBN 978-963-9911-41-3 € 36 Resume: Unity in Diversity, the motto of the European Union, has, since World War II, seldom been as relevant as it is today. In these difficult economic times Europe is more and more confronted with the phenomenon that citizens openly stand up for the defence of their national and regional interests. This has put enormous pressure on the process of European integration and the concept of a shared European identity based on the cultures of individual EU member states. Thus, understanding the diversity of European cultural heritage and its presentation to the broadest audience represents a challenge that can be answered by diversified group of scientists, including archaeologists, historians, culturologists, museologists etc. By choosing “Heritage reinvents Europe” as the theme for the 12th EAC colloquium that was held between the 17th–19th March 2011, in the Provincial Heritage Centre in Ename, Belgium, the board of the Europae Archaeologiae Consilium made its contribution to the understanding of the key concept of a shared European identity.