Growth Stages of Common Bean

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series Growth Stages of Common Bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic...
Author: Pamela Payne
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Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Common Bean Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Common Bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. AUTHORS: H.F.

Schwartz (Colorado State University) and M.A.C. Langham (South Dakota State University)

PHOTOGRAPHS: Courtesy

of H.F. Schwartz [03/10]

Legume Types: Dry Edible, Snap, Processing Beans Emergence & Early Vegetative Growth

VE • hypocotyl has emerged from soil (crook stage) VC • two cotyledons & primary leaves at nodes 1 & 2 V1 • 1st trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 3 [Fig. 1] V2 • 2nd trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 4 V3 • 3rd trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 5 Branching & Rapid Vegetative Growth

V4 • 4th trifoliolate unfolded at node 6 + branching Vn • nth trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node (n+2) Flowering & Pod Formation

R1 • one open flower (early flower) on the plant R2 • 50% open flowers (mid flower) [Fig. 2] R3 • one pod at maximum length (early pod set) R4 • 50% of pods at maximum length (mid pod set) Pod Fill & Maturation

R5 • one pod with fully developed seeds R6 • 50% of pods with fully developed seeds (mid seed fill) R7 • one pod at mature color (physiological maturity) [Fig. 3] RH • 80% of pods at mature color (harvest maturity)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AVAILABLE AT:

http://legume.ipmpipe.org http://wiki.bugwood.org/PIPE:Legume http://www.apsnet.org/ – Compendium of Bean Diseases

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Chickpea Cicer arietinum L.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Chickpea Cicer arietinum L. AUTHORS: H.F.

Schwartz (Colorado State University) and M.A.C. Langham (South Dakota State University)

Photographs: Courtesy of H.F. Schwartz and R.M. Harveson (Univ. of Nebraska) [03/10]

Legume Types: chickpea, garbanzo, common gram Vegetative Growth Stages

VE • seedling emergence [Fig. 1] V1 • 1st multifoliate leaf has unfolded from the stem V2 • 2nd multifoliate leaf has unfolded V3 • 3rd multifoliate leaf has unfolded V4 • 4th multifoliate leaf has unfolded Vn • nth multifoliate leaf has unfolded [Fig. 1] Reproductive Growth Stages

R1 • early bloom, one open flower on the plant R2 • full bloom, most flowers are open [Fig. 2] R3 • early pod visible R4 • pod has reached full size and is largely flat R5 • early seed, seed in any single pod fills the pod cavity R6 • full seed, seeds fill rounded pod cavity [Fig. 3] Physiological Maturity

R7 • leaves start to yellow and 50% of pods are yellow RH • 90% of pods are golden-brown (harvest maturity)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AVAILABLE AT:

http://legume.ipmpipe.org http://wiki.bugwood.org/PIPE:Legume http://www.apsnet.org/ – Compendium of Chickpea & Lentil

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Lima Bean Phaseolus lunatus L.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Lima Bean Phaseolus lunatus L. AUTHORS: H.F.

Schwartz (Colorado State University) and M.A.C. Langham (South Dakota State University)

PHOTOGRAPHS: Courtesy of E. Ernest and R.P. Mulrooney (Univ. of Delaware) [03/10]

Legume Types: Lima, Baby Lima, Butter Bean Vegetative Growth Stages

VE • seedling emergence VC • two cotyledons & primary leaves at nodes 1 & 2 [Fig. 1] V1 • 1st trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 3 V2 • 2nd trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 4 V3 • 3rd trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 5 V4 • 4th trifoliolate unfolded at node 6 Vn • nth trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node (n+2) Reproductive Growth Stages

R1 • one open flower on the plant, early bloom [Fig. 2] R2 • 50–100% of flowers are open (full bloom) R3 • one pod at maximum length [Fig. 3] R4 • 50% of pods at maximum length (mid pod set) R5 • one pod with fully developed seeds (early seed fill) R6 • 50% of pods with fully developed seeds (mid seed fill) Physiological Maturity

R7 • one pod at mature color (physiological maturity) RH • 80% of pods at mature color (harvest maturity)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AVAILABLE AT:

http://legume.ipmpipe.org http://wiki.bugwood.org/PIPE:Legume http://www.apsnet.org/ – Compendium of Bean Diseases

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata unguiculata)

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Legume ipmPIPE Diagnostic Pocket Series

Growth Stages of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata unguiculata) AUTHORS: H.F.

Schwartz (Colorado State University) and M.A.C. Langham (South Dakota State University)

PHOTOGRAPHS: Courtesy

of H.F. Schwartz [03/10]

Legume Types: Cowpea, Black-eyed Pea,

Southern Pea Vegetative Growth Stages

VE • seedling emergence VC • two cotyledons & primary leaves at nodes 1 & 2 V1 • 1st trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 3 V2 • 2nd trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 4 V3 • 3rd trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node 5 V4 • 4th trifoliolate unfolded at node 6 + branching Vn • nth trifoliolate leaf unfolded at node (n+2) [Fig. 1] Reproductive Growth Stages

R1 • one open flower on the plant (early bloom) [Fig. 2] R2 • 50–100% of flowers are open (full bloom) R3 • one pod at maximum length (early pod set) R4 • 50% of pods at maximum length (mid pod set) R5 • one pod with fully developed seeds (early seed fill) R6 • 50% of pods with fully developed seeds [Fig. 3] Physiological Maturity

R7 • one pod at mature color (physiological maturity) RH • 80% of pods at mature color (harvest maturity)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AVAILABLE AT:

http://legume.ipmpipe.org http://wiki.bugwood.org/PIPE:Legume http://www.apsnet.org/ – Compendium of Bean Diseases

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