Grammar. Introduction. Contents. Grammar revision. Grammar extension

Grammar Introduction Distinction Teacher’s Resource Book 1 contains twenty-seven Grammar worksheets at two levels of ability: • Grammar revision (at t...
Author: Elwin Wood
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Grammar Introduction Distinction Teacher’s Resource Book 1 contains twenty-seven Grammar worksheets at two levels of ability: • Grammar revision (at the same level as the Student’s Book) • Grammar extension (higher-level practice) There are two Grammar revision pages and one Grammar extension page for each unit of the course. According to the abilities of your class, you can decide whether the revision or extension worksheets would be more appropriate. You could use each worksheet with the whole class, or you could use different worksheets to support the particular needs of weak or strong students. You may wish to use these worksheets as homework, classroom tests, or to support classroom learning. Note: at the start of the year, you might wish to evaluate your students’ understanding of basic grammar points. For this reason, a Diagnostic test has also been provided on page 94 of this book.

Grammar revision There are two Grammar revision worksheets for each unit. Each of these worksheets provides practice of the same grammar points which were covered in the Student’s Book unit, so there is no need for you to pre-teach material. Each grammar point is exploited by a variety of exercises, at the same level of difficulty as Distinction Student’s Book 1.

Grammar extension There is a Grammar extension worksheet for each unit. Each of these worksheets provides more challenging practice of grammar points than the Grammar revision worksheets. Students are encouraged to complete more difficult, productive tasks, or extend their understanding of the language by learning an additional grammar point.

Contents Units


1 Time out Present tenses

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 6 page 8

2 Around the world Past tenses

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 9 page 11

3 Television Modal verbs

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 12 page 14

4 Technology Future forms

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 15 page 17

5 Appearance Conditionals

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 18 page 20

6 In the news The passive

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 21 page 23

7 Sport Relative clauses

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 24 page 26

8 Strange stories Reported speech

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 27 page 29

9 Music Gerund and infinitive

Grammar revision Grammar extension

page 30 page 32

ANSWER KEY: see pages 165–170.


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Unit 1 Grammar revision Present simple and present continuous

Present perfect simple

1 Complete the sentences. Use the present simple.

4 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use the present perfect simple.

Daniel doesn’t live (not live) in Manchester. 1

What time




Many people nowadays.

(the film / start)? (not see) my cousins very often. (not have) a siesta


you ever tennis with Kareem? He’s brilliant!




How long

(you / wash) your hair every

Why day?

(not drive) his car

the present continuous.

this watch since I was eleven. Jaime for very long.

6 London

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use study




start read have wear not feel do wait

a birthday present for Alejandro yet.

4 I 5

8 My grandfather any more.


in San Francisco?

(you / go) out very often?

6 7

(do) her homework

Sylvia usually quickly.


I’ve met her once before.

(this word / mean)?

4 What 5

live not buy win not know meet have play bring

a lot in the last few years. you

with you? 8 We three times now.


some food the basketball tournament

5 Complete the sentences with for or since.

I’m reading a good book at the moment.

Mariá has lived in Córdoba for most of her life.




I’ll call you later. I

my dinner now.


Carlos has been absent

last Tuesday.


Shh! The children



Paul has worked there

two years.


Roberto and Carla have been together ages.

4 I 5

for his exams.

very well today.

Why clothes?


6 Oh no! It 7


4 They’ve gone on holiday to Ibiza three weeks.

to rain.


8 What moment?

for us outside the cinema.



6 I haven’t seen him

at the


3 Complete the sentences. Use the present simple or the present continuous. She




His parents near Cádiz.

(learn) to drive. (not use) my computer today. (own) an apartment

4 I have to go. Juan outside the internet café. 5

In the winter it the mountains.


(wait) for me (get) very cold in



Anna? 7

Emma (watch) TV in the sitting room with her boyfriend.

8 I 6

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We haven’t been to Santander

2001. he left school. we

were children. 8 He has been in the bath

Every year they go (go) to Florida to visit their relatives. 1

It hasn’t snowed here

half an hour.

6 Choose the correct alternatives. They ’re / ’ve been married for twenty years. 1 The police haven’t arrested anybody yet / already. 2 I’ve yet / already emailed her. 3 How long do you know / have you known Greg? 4 My grandmother lives / ’s lived in Málaga since she was a child. 5 Have you heard? Eva ’s passing / ’s passed her driving test. 6 It’s been raining since / for hours. 7 I’ve been waiting since / for three o’clock. 8 Have you been / Are you here before?


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Unit 1 Grammar revision Present simple and present continuous 7 Put the words in the correct order.

9 Match questions 1–8 with answers A–H. 1


Do you ever go to the gym?


How long are you staying in London?

She is studying economics at university.


How long have you been in Scotland?


wearing / today / what / is / she / ?


How often do you use the internet?


Is it raining?


normally / does / he / have / for breakfast / what / ?


What are you reading?


What kind of books do you read?


It rains a lot in Galicia.

economics / studying / she / at university / is


is / he / England / for / living / in / year / a

4 Mondays / I / don’t / go / on / out 5

month / are / for / staying / they / us / a / with

6 he / usually / school / goes / by bus / to


Yes, let’s take an umbrella. Most things … biographies, novels, comics. Every day. Not long. We’re leaving tomorrow. Yes, that’s why it is so green. Since last Saturday. Yes, every day. Robbie Williams’ autobiography. It’s really interesting.

10 Choose the correct alternatives. 7

am / Sara / I / with / at / living / moment / the

8 eat / why / you / seafood / don’t / ? Dear Raúl

Present simple and present continuous; present perfect simple 8 Correct the sentences. Where does she live? 1

She don’t has been to the USA.


I haven’t spoken to Felipe since months.


We haven’t finished yet our homework.

4 I am not believing him. ‘Come on!’ ‘OK, I come now.’

6 I’m listening to music every morning. 7

I’m in London at the moment. I (1) stay / ’m staying with my English friend, Annie. I (2) ’m / ’ve been here for a week and I (3) have / ’m having a fantastic time.

Where does she lives?


I’ve just received / receiving your email – it’s really great to hear from you.

Do you watch the TV or can I turn it off?

Every day I (4) take / ’m taking the bus to the city centre to go to my English classes. We (5) have / ’re having lessons in the morning and in the afternoon we (6) go / ’re going on special excursions. This week I (7) already visit / ’ve already visited Buckingham Palace and the London Eye. In the evenings, Annie and I (8) go / are going out to a café or to see a film and sometimes we just (9) stay / ’re staying in and chat (in English of course!). I (10) think / ’m thinking my English (11) gets / is getting better because I use it every day. Annie (12) doesn’t speak / isn’t speaking Spanish but she (13) wants / ’s wanting to learn. See you soon. Love Pilar

8 I live in Paris for twenty years.


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Unit 1 Grammar extension Present simple and present continuous; present perfect simple B

4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in the list. Use the present simple or the present continuous.

1 Match sentences 1–7 with uses A–G. 1

Present simple and present continuous

He goes out every night.



They’re watching Friends.

We usually go to Andalucía at Easter.


She’s lived in Canada for five years.




We’re staying at the Hilton Hotel.



You live near the beach.

Pablo festival.


I’ve been to a pop concert.



She’s lost her mobile phone.

What album?


A permanent situation. A repeated action. An action happening now. A temporary situation. A present situation that began in the past. Something happening in the past that caused a present situation. G A past experience but we don’t know when it happened.

2 Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb from the list. is







They are waiting for you outside. 1

People in England The Three Kings.




What time

Sandra talking to?

4 5

usually celebrate



already done his homework.



not make

some fireworks for the you

of Shakira’s new

When special meal?

a cake for Ella’s birthday your family


Italian well because he lived in

Present perfect simple 5 Complete the dialogues with the verbs in the list. Use the present perfect simple. not meet break see not finish

not try


not play


‘What does Lucy’s boyfriend look like?’ ‘I don’t know. I haven’t met him.’ 1 ‘What’s happened to Max’s leg?’ 2

‘Didn’t you know? He ‘Let’s go to the fiesta now!’


‘Wait! We ‘Look! There’s Pat running.’

it.’ dinner yet.’

‘Oh, dear. He 4 ‘Can I see your ID card, please?’

3 Correct the sentences.


for my key. Can you help me?

6 Luis Italy as a boy.

never been to Portugal.

6 He


4 I this year.

the party start? Jon drink coffee in the morning?


I am loving mushrooms with garlic.

the bus.’

‘I’m afraid I ‘Do you like caviar?’


I love mushrooms with garlic.



Why you wear my jumper?

‘I don’t know. I it.’ 6 ‘How about seeing the new Javier Bardem film tonight?’


It still rains.


What are you thinking of my new haircut?

‘Sorry, but we

4 We have never went to that café before. 5



it.’ ‘Is your brother good at volleyball?’ ‘He isn’t bad, but he a long time.’


I finished the exam already.

6 He doesn’t go out for a week now.


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Unit 2 Grammar revision Past simple

Past simple and present perfect simple

1 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use

4 Choose the correct alternatives.

the past simple. fly


not swim




They went skiing in Andorra. 1

We cold.

in the sea because it was too



to Peru in a small plane.


How much

your ticket

4 Lucas


in Australia for two years.



Emma yesterday?

Maria went / has been to Cuba last summer. 1 Where did you study / have you studied before you came here? 2 Juan bought / has bought a new motorbike. It’s really noisy! 3 I’m looking for Mike. Did you see / Have you seen him? 4 Kate left / has left about five minutes ago. 5 Sue lived / has lived in York all her life. 6 I spend / ’ve spent a lot of money this week.

Past continuous

Past perfect simple

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use

5 Read the questions and then write answers in the past

the past continuous. wait



perfect simple.


not listen


not feel

They were watching television when I arrived.

Why was the house so quiet? (everyone / go to bed)



Everyone had gone to bed.


What last night?


Sorry, I Could you repeat that?

so I bought an umbrella. you

at ten o’clock

Why did you find the film boring? (I / see / it / three times)


Why were they nervous on the plane? (they / never / fly / before)


Why was the girl crying? (someone / steal / bag)


4 Sita went home early because she well. 5


Where were you yesterday? I for you at the café.

6 I saw Rafa in town yesterday. He some CDs.

Past simple and past continuous 3 Complete the sentences. Use the past simple or the past continuous. I saw David when he was working in the library. (see / work) 1


in a bar when I her. (sit / call)


The children

still at ten o’clock. (sleep)



so we at home. (rain / stay)

4 He 5

his arm while he ice hockey. (break / play) you

4 Why did he feel so tired? (he / not sleep / night / before)


Why did they arrive late? (they / miss / bus)

6 Why didn’t you pass your exam? (I / not study / very much)

to the party last night?

(go) 6 I

these jeans when I in Madrid. (buy / shop)


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Unit 2 Grammar revision Past simple and present perfect simple

Past continuous and used to

6 Write sentences. Use the present perfect simple or the

8 Choose the correct alternatives.

past simple.

We were playing / used to play volleyball when we were at school. 1 She didn’t hear me because she was listening / used to listen to her MP3 player. 2 My parents weren’t liking / didn’t use to like flying, but they do now. 3 We were never visiting / never used to visit historical places. 4 When I saw Rob, he was looking / used to look for a summer job. 5 Yesterday I was lying / used to lie on the beach. 6 Were you having / Did you use to have blond hair?

She / go / abroad / twice / last year

She went abroad twice last year. 1

it / not rain / last week


I / not have / a holiday / this year


he / go / to Paris / many times

9 Translate the sentences. 4 when / she / move / to Ireland?


He was nervous because he had never travelled before.



She’s hungry because she hasn’t eaten anything.


When they lived in Australia, they used to have a barbecue every weekend.

we / feel / homesick / three days ago

6 you / ever / travel / alone?

Past simple and past perfect simple

4 He was feeling tired so he went to bed.

7 Complete the sentences. Use the past simple or the past perfect simple. Laura failed her test because she hadn’t done (not do) any work. 1

Have you seen her yet?

By the time we got to the beach, it 6 He hadn’t lived in the village since he was seven.

(start) raining. 2

I was tired so I early.


She wanted to visit Canada after she (see) some photos.

(go) to bed

4 We were sleeping when the plane (land). 5


I haven’t got any food because I (eat) it all in the morning.


Did you use to live in Galicia when you were younger?

8 I was talking to my friend, when the phone rang.

6 Pedro wasn’t there when I arrived. He (already / leave).


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Unit 2 Grammar extension 3 Choose the best answer: A, B or C.

Mixed tenses 1 Match 1–6 with A–F to form complete sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6

The football match started We haven’t been to Madrid I’ve been in this queue He used to play baseball He’s been to Australia She was sure she


had met him before. since we were young. half an hour ago. three times. for half an hour. when he was a student.


2 Correct the sentences. Why you did came here this morning?

When we got to the station, the train … . A had already left. B already left. C has already left. 1 I’m interested in computers, but I … be. A didn’t used to B wasn’t use to C didn’t use to 2 We were excited about going paragliding because we … it before. A didn’t do B haven’t done C hadn’t done 3 We were walking down the street when we … Juan. A met B ’ve met C ’d met 4 I want to see my girlfriend tonight because I … her all week. A didn’t see B haven’t seen C hadn’t seen 5 Someone stole Lucy’s bike while she … . A didn’t look. B wasn’t looking. C weren’t looking.

Used to and would

Why did you come here this morning?

4 Read the sentences. Can we use used to or would in


He was died twenty years ago.


She realized she was losing her passport when she got home.


When I lived in Valencia, I was going to college by train.

these sentences, or only used to? Cross out would when it is incorrect.

4 Did you used to go to the gym every day?


They thought they have been there before.

6 Last night I’ve gone to bed very late. 7

My father would / used to be a biologist before he retired. We would / used to watch TV when we came home from school. 1 Every summer we would / used to go camping in the mountains. 2 I would / used to like hip hop, but I don’t like it any more. 3 My grandparents wouldn’t / didn’t use to go to the cinema. 4 My father would / used to have a beard. 5 In the holidays everyone would / used to stay out late. 6 My cousins wouldn’t / didn’t use to live near us. 7 He would / used to have fair hair when he was a child, but now it is dark. 8 We would / used to go to the café on the corner after school.

They weren’t knowing what to do.

8 My grandparents used to lived in Salamanca, but now they live by the sea.


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Unit 3 Grammar revision Modals of ability

Mixed modals

1 Complete the sentences with can, can’t, could or

4 Choose the correct meaning for each sentence, A or B.

couldn’t and the verbs in the list. remember







‘Shall I help you?’ ‘I can do it myself, thanks.’ 1



Can you speak up, please? I well.


We wanted to phone, but we your number.



paella. My mother taught me.

4 She

you very

English when she was five.

I was busy so I

TV. tennis this evening. He’s hurt

6 Bill his foot.

Modals of advice, necessity and obligation 2 Choose the correct alternatives. You don’t have to / mustn’t make so much noise. Everyone is asleep. 1 In Britain, you needn’t / shouldn’t carry an identity card. 2 You ought to / has to go to bed earlier if you’re tired. 3 You mustn’t / should miss that programme. It’s fantastic. 4 I shouldn’t / need to buy some new shoes. These are too small. 5 I must / mustn’t hurry. The lesson starts in five minutes. 6 Joe lives near school so he has to / doesn’t have to take a bus.

Modals of possibility and certainty 3 Complete the sentences with must, might or can’t.

You two burgers.


‘I’ve just run ten kilometres.’ ‘You very tired.’

‘José failed his exam.’ ‘He disappointed.’


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have to can mustn’t must might not don’t have to




He can play the guitar very well. 1

He isn’t sure.




What do you


I then.


‘Look! There’s Jenny.’ ‘It She’s in London today.’ 4 ‘Is this Mark’s house?’ ‘I’m not sure. It be that one.’

6 I don’t feel well. I think I

5 Complete the sentences with the modal verbs in the list.

be hungry. You’ve just eaten



You don’t have to do your homework. A It isn’t necessary to do your homework. B It isn’t a good idea to do your homework. 2 It can’t be Richard. He’s away on holiday. A It’s possible that it’s Richard. B It’s impossible that it’s Richard. 3 They might buy a new mobile phone. A They will definitely buy a new mobile phone. B It’s possible that they will buy a new mobile phone. 4 Carmen ought to apologize. A It’s necessary for Carmen to apologize. B It’s a good idea for Carmen to apologize. 5 I need to get up early tomorrow. A It’s necessary for me to get up early. B It isn’t necessary for me to get up early, but I can if I want to. 6 That must be Louisa’s brother. A I’m sure it’s Louisa’s brother. B I’m not sure it’s Louisa’s brother, but I think it is. 7 She might not have a birthday party this year. A She isn’t sure if she will have a party or not. B She is sure she won’t have a party.

go to the football match, but he watch that film. It’s too violent. do for homework?

4 It’s Helen’s birthday tomorrow. I remember to call her.

‘Hannah’s going to Australia next week.’ ‘She must be really excited.’ 1

You can’t use a dictionary. A It’s prohibited to use a dictionary. B It isn’t necessary to use a dictionary.

be be Jenny.


go to the party because I’m away you read music?

You want to.

go to the wedding if you don’t

8 We get to the cinema on time. It depends what time we catch the bus.

be really be sick.


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Unit 3 Grammar revision Mixed modals

Modals + perfect infinitives

6 Choose the correct alternatives.

8 Match situations 1–7 with opinions A–G.

‘Someone’s stolen my camera.’ ‘You might / may / should call the police.’ 1 ‘Have you bought your ticket yet?’ ‘No, I ought / must / have get it today.’ 2 ‘Do you know where Javier is?’ ‘I’m not sure. He must / can / might be in the bathroom.’ 3 ‘Is there any homework tonight?’ ‘You have to / don’t have to / can’t do this, but you can if you want to.’ 4 ‘Shall we go to the cinema tonight?’ ‘Sorry, I can’t. I have / should / must to study.’ 5 ‘Let’s use your sister’s computer.’ ‘I think we can / may / ought to ask her first.’ 6 ‘Are you coming to school today?’ ‘No, but I can / will / must be able to come tomorrow.’ 7 ‘I’ve made a paella for our dinner.’ ‘It looks great. You can / may / must be a really good cook.’ 8 ‘I can’t find my car keys.’ ‘They can / might / ought be in the car.’

7 Rewrite the sentences using the correct bold


Eva might be ill. 1

I can’t find Nuria anywhere.


Have you seen my mobile phone?


I’ve got a terrible stomach ache.


Paul looks really tired.


Naomi looks different.


Greg hasn’t contacted me.


I couldn’t get a ticket for the concert.


She must have changed her hairstyle. You should have booked earlier. He can’t have received my message. You may have left it in the bar. She might have gone home. You shouldn’t have eaten so much. He can’t have slept well last night.

9 Complete the sentences. Use the perfect infinitive form. They must have hated (hate) the film because they left the cinema early. 1 2

modal verb. It’s possible that Eva is ill. (must / might)


Scott didn’t call me. He may (forget). I’m not sure where Greg is. He might (go) to the gym.


You should the party last night. 4 My dictionary isn’t in my bag. I must

It is important that you listen carefully. (must / could)

(leave) it at home. 5


It’s possible that Joe will appear on TV. (might / should)


It is prohibited for you to go into that building. (mustn’t / needn’t)

(come) to

She can’t computer. She hasn’t got any money.

(buy) a

6 Joe shouldn’t (take) the key without asking. 7 I can’t find my black jumper. My sister must (borrow) it. 8 I’m tired. I shouldn’t (stay) up so late last night.

4 It’s a good idea for you to apply for a new job. (need to / ought to) 5

It’s impossible that those trainers are mine. (can’t / mustn’t)

6 Ramón is able to speak four languages. (can / could) 7

It isn’t necessary to give him an expensive present. (musn’t / needn’t)


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Unit 3 Grammar extension 3 Complete the sentences with the words in the list. Use

Mixed modals

the perfect infinitive form.

1 Cross out the bold word in each sentence which is not possible. He must / might / can still be at school. I think it might / may / can be a good film. Will / Could / Can I borrow your dictionary, please? You mustn’t / needn’t / shouldn’t smoke in restaurants in Ireland. 4 Can you / May you / Are you able to say ‘hello’ in five languages? 5 You ought to / should / had to go to bed early tonight. Otherwise you’ll feel tired tomorrow. 6 Lucy doesn’t have to / needs to / needn’t come if she doesn’t want to. 7 I can’t / am not able to / ought come to the dance class next week. 8 We have / must / need to help our parents on the farm this weekend. 1 2 3

Modals + perfect infinitives

should / arrive shouldn’t / eat

must / have must / leave can’t / be might / miss should / buy

‘Where’s Silvio?’ ‘He must have left because his bag isn’t here.’ 1 ‘Oh, no! We haven’t got any coffee.’ some when I went to ‘I the shop.’ 2 3

Roger isn’t speaking to Rosa. They an argument. ‘We saw Laura in the café.’ ‘It Pyrenees.’

Laura. She’s in the

4 Where’s the bus? It nine o’clock. 5 ‘Alice is late.’


‘She the bus.’ 6 The children couldn’t eat their dinner. They so many sweets.

2 Complete the sentences with might, must, can’t

Present and perfect modals

or should. ‘I haven’t seen Selma for a long time.’ ‘She might have gone on holiday, but I’m not sure.’ 1 ‘Nobody in the class passed the exam.’ 2

‘It have been very difficult.’ ‘I think it’s going to rain.’


‘I have brought an umbrella.’ ‘I broke my finger playing tennis.’

‘That have really hurt.’ 4 ‘Max left the party early.’ 5

have enjoyed it very much.’ ‘He ‘Big Brother was fantastic last night. You

have watched it.’ 6 ‘I don’t know where my purse is. I’m not sure, but I have left it at school.’ 7 ‘Mum has gone to bed already.’ ‘The film have been very good.’ 8 ‘This coffee tastes horrible.’ ‘I I’m not sure.’

4 Translate the sentences. 1

You mustn’t tell anybody about the party – it’s a surprise.


We don’t have to do any homework today.


You ought to phone her and say that you are all right.

4 Jan must have bought a new car. 5

Tony can’t have passed the exam because he didn’t study enough.

6 Linda might have had dinner already.

have put salt in it instead of sugar. 7

You won second prize. You should be pleased.

8 He shouldn’t have driven his father’s car without asking first.


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Unit 4 Grammar revision will

will, going to, present continuous

1 Complete the sentences with will and the verbs in

4 Correct the sentences.

the list. not pass

Do you go out tonight? turn






Are you going out tonight?

We ’ll take photos with the digital camera. 1 ‘The TV is too loud.’ ‘I it down.’ his exams. 2 Leo is sure he 3 You time to eat your lunch. 4 I hope my parents me a laptop. the match. 5 They don’t think they 6 Do you think it cold tomorrow?


I think Real Madrid will to win the match.


It don’t will rain today.


She don’t going to help me.

going to


Will he has time to check it?

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of going


‘The phone’s ringing’. ‘I answer it’.

to and the verbs in the list. look






6 You go to the Franz Ferdinand concert in May?


Turn over! We aren’t going to watch this film. 1 We on and look for a web site. 2 When you your homework? 3 I my MP3 player back to the shop. 4 you off the computer? 5 My mum for another job. 6 That boy looks like he .


I see Ignacio this evening.

8 I have a coffee, please.

5 Match sentences 1–7 with uses A–E. Some uses match more than one sentence. 1


I think I’ll email Luke today.


They’re meeting in the Plaza Mayor at six o’clock.

Present continuous for future use


Look at that car! It’s going to crash.

3 Complete the dialogue with the bold verbs. Use the


I’m sure you’ll have a fantastic time.

present continuous.


‘Kate can’t log in.’ ‘I’ll show her what to do.’

A Are you doing (do) anything this weekend?


I’m going to travel round Europe next year.

B Yes, I (1)


We don’t think they’ll get married.

(travel) to London

on Saturday and I (2) (meet) Cara at Covent Garden in the afternoon. A Really? (3) with you?



B No, he (4) (not come) because he (5) (work) on Saturday. How about you? Would you like to come?

A short term arrangements at a specific time/place B decision at the moment of speaking C general predictions or opinions D plans and definite intentions E predictions based on present evidence

A Sorry, I can’t. Ted and I (6) (play) in a football match on Saturday morning. B Well, good luck! I hope you win.


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Unit 4 Grammar revision 6 Choose the correct alternatives.

Future continuous

‘Would you like a drink?’ ‘I ’ll have / ’m having a coke, please.’ 1 ‘What does Pablo want to do after leaving school?’ ‘He ’ll not go / isn’t going to go to university.’ 2 ‘Have you got any plans for the weekend?’ ‘Yes, we ’ll visit / ’re visiting my cousins in Valencia.’ 3 ‘I can’t hear the music.’ ‘We ’ll turn / ’re turning it up, then.’ 4 ‘My hairdryer broke last night.’ ‘Are you going to buy / buying a new one?’ 5 ‘Did Ana pass her exams?’ ‘Yes, she ’ll start / ’s starting university in September.’ 6 ‘Would you like to come to the cinema tonight?’ ‘Sorry, but I ’ll play / ’m playing volleyball.’ 7 ‘What are you doing this evening?’ ‘I ’ll go / ’m going to Inma’s place to do my homework there.’ 8 ‘I can’t make this computer print.’ ‘I ’ll have / ’m going to have a look at it for you.’

7 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the

8 Complete the dialogue with the correct form of the bold verbs. Use the future continuous. A What will you be doing (do) tomorrow morning? B Believe it or not, I (1) (participate) in the London Marathon. you A Amazing! (2) (dress) up in a funny costume for the race? B No, I (3) (not wear) anything unusual! A How do you think you (4) (feel) after three hours? B By that time, everyone (5) (hope) to see the finish line! A Are you going to work the following day? B I don’t think so! I’m sure I (6) (sleep) for most of the morning!

Future perfect simple 9 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use

verbs in brackets. Use going to or will.

the future perfect simple.

Have you heard? Steve is going to appear (appear) on TV. 1 ‘You shouldn’t have taken my car without asking.’ (not do) it ‘I promise I again.’ 2 ‘Do you think people (laugh) at me?’ ‘No, they won’t.’ 3 Luis has decided that he (not continue) the course next year. 4 I’m sure that computer (be) more complicated – let’s buy this one! 5 Who do you think (win) Wimbledon this year? 6 Look! Tony (fall) off his bike! 7 I (travel) for a year before I go to university. you 8 Which shirt (wear) today?

move travel


02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 16

read have be start

not finish



She won’t be at home at eight o’clock. She’ll have left for school. 1 Come at two! We lunch by then. 2 How far you when you get to London? 3 I my homework before the film starts. 4 Next month we married for two years. 5 I hope I all my exams by this summer. 6 Hurry up! The film by the time we get there. 7 I four English novels by the end of the summer. 8 My parents by the time I start work.


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Unit 4 Grammar extension Future continuous and future perfect simple

Future forms 3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the

1 Look at Dan’s plans for tonight and write sentences. Use the future continuous or the future perfect simple.

bold verbs. Use will, going to, present continuous, the future continuous or the future perfect simple. I think that scientists will discover (discover) life on another planet one day.

4 pm

Finish school

5–6 pm

Do homework

6–7 pm

Practise guitar with Raúl

8 pm

Order pizza

9 pm

Watch DVD


11.30 pm

Go to bed!

‘ he (have) a party?’ 4 It’s 6 p.m. and the train leaves at 6.05. It looks like we (miss) it. 5 ‘Can I borrow your laptop tomorrow?’


(play) tennis with Luke at four. 2

at 4.30 / finish

At 4.30 Dan will have finished school. 1

at 5.30 / do


Raúl / arrive / by 6.00


they / practise / at 6.30

Sara can’t see you after school. She

This time next year I (not live) with my parents. ‘It’s my brother’s eighteenth birthday next week.’

‘Sorry, I (use) it all day.’ 6 ‘I can’t stand doing these maths exercises.’ ‘I 7

By next October, Sue (earn) enough money to buy a car.

4 Translate the sentences.

4 the pizza / arrive / by 8.45 5

(help) you if you like.’

they / start watching / by 9.10


I’ll have a sandwich, please.


By the time we get to the stadium, the match will have started.


What time is Hassan arriving tomorrow?

6 Dan / go / at 11.30

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use the future continuous or the future perfect simple. buy

set off

switch off




4 Be careful! You’re going to fall.

not sit

Don’t phone Jane! She’ll be doing her homework now.


The children will be sleeping when you get home.


you a new mobile phone by the time I see you tomorrow?


I’m sure I breakfast by eight o’clock.

6 Rosa isn’t going to sell her bicycle.


This time next week we in this classroom.


4 Come on! They all the computers by the time we get there. 5

they during the party?

By next year, I’ll have learnt how to drive.

8 Ana isn’t coming to the concert tomorrow. fireworks

6 I’ve got exams on Monday so I all weekend.


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Unit 5 Grammar revision First conditional

Second conditional

1 Match 1–6 with A–F to form complete sentences.

4 Write the sentences in the second conditional. If I / be / a millionaire / I / give / you some money.



If you don’t do any exercise,


Your skin will burn

If I was a millionaire, I’d give you some money.


If you go to bed late,


If I / not have to go / to school tomorrow / I / stay in bed all morning.

6 If I give you my number,


We / never get up on time / if we / not have / an alarm clock.



What / you / do / if you / win / El Gordo?

4 If it rains tomorrow, 5

Your English won’t improve

we’ll have to change our plans. you won’t get fit. will you call me? you’ll be very tired tomorrow. if you lie on the beach for hours. if you don’t practise it.

4 My mother / look / very different / if she / have / plastic surgery.

2 Choose the correct alternatives. He won’t be ready for the marathon if / unless he starts training soon. 1 If / Unless I eat too much chocolate, it makes my face spotty. 2 Her hair goes blonder if / unless she spends a lot of time in the sun. 3 You aren’t allowed to see the film if / unless you are over fifteen. 4 I’ll buy you a drink if / unless you come shopping with me. 5 If / Unless you have plastic surgery, it’ll cost you a lot of money. 6 If / Unless they don’t hurry up, we’ll miss the beginning of the concert.

3 Complete the sentences with the bold verbs. Use the first conditional. You can’t get into the disco if you don’t take (not take) your identity card. 1 He won’t get tickets for the concert unless he (buy) them today. 2

If you lend me £10, I tomorrow.


Unless we leave now, we bus.

(miss) the

4 If the letter today, it’ll arrive on Tuesday.

(not come)


(pay) you back

I’ll be very upset if Chris my birthday.


If Max say to him?


02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 18

I / like / Lisa / if she / not be / two-faced.

6 If Marco / ask / me out / I / say yes.

5 Imagine what would happen if the situation was different. Write sentences in the second conditional. I can’t contact him because he hasn’t got a phone. If he had a phone, I would contact him. 1 We can’t go out because we haven’t got any money. If . 2

My sister gets bored because she doesn’t work. If .


Luke never goes abroad because he hates flying. He .

4 Jan’s classmates don’t like her because she’s very big-headed. If .


6 The plants will die unless you them water.



I can’t go to school because I feel ill. If


(phone) you, what will you

. 6 James is a vegetarian so he doesn’t eat meat. James .


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Unit 5 Grammar revision First and second conditional

Third conditional

6 Choose the correct alternatives.

9 Complete the sentences with the bold verbs. Use the third conditional.

Will she be upset if I don’t come / didn’t come to her party? 1 If I had €500 to spend today, I ’ll buy / ’d buy some new clothes. 2 If I see Carlos, I ’ll ask / ’d ask him to call you. 3 I’d feel much fitter if I do / did more exercise. 4 Would it be OK if I use / used your tennis racket tomorrow? 5 I’ll email Jenny later if I have / had time. 6 If I knew his phone number, I ’ll send / ’d send him a text message.

If you’d arrived ten minutes earlier, you would have met (meet) my brother. 1 If he hadn’t been so good-natured, he (get) very angry with me. 2

I wouldn’t have seen you if you (not call) my name.


She would have got lost if she (not take) a map.

4 I my exam.

7 Complete the sentences with the bold verbs.


Use the first or second conditional.

(feel) terrible if I’d failed

(not remember) my He birthday if I hadn’t reminded him.

Paul lives in the country. If he lived (live) in a city, he would go (go) out more often.

6 I would have bought that dress if it (be) cheaper.





I don’t know her address. If I (know) it, I (write) to her. I’m planning to go to England soon. If I (not go) this summer, I (go) next summer instead. If I

If it

(cook) a big dinner for us all. 8 My mother would have trained to be a teacher if she (not have) seven children.

(can) have any job in the world, I (be) a fashion designer. (get) a

(not rain) tomorrow, we (have) a barbecue.

6 If you what

10 Write the sentences in the third conditional. If I / know / his name / I / say / hello.

If I’d known his name, I’d have said hello.

4 I find languages difficult, but if I (speak) perfect English, I job in the USA. 5

If I’d known you were coming, I


If you / take / an umbrella / you / not get / so wet.


He / get / home more quickly / if he / take / a bus.


We / not pass / the exam / if the teacher / not help / us.

(find) €100 in the street, (you / do)?

8 Use your own ideas to complete the sentences. If I could go anywhere in the world, I’d go to the Caribbean. 1

I’ll be really happy if .


If I have time later, .


4 I / buy / some CDs / if I / have / enough money.

If I spoke perfect English,


If he / not give / us some tickets / we / not go / to the concert.

. 4 If I were five years older, . 5

6 They / ask / for help / if they / need / it.

I wouldn’t know what to say if .

6 If I saw someone famous in the street, .


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Unit 5 Grammar extension 3 Complete the sentences with the bold verbs. Use the

First, second and third conditional

first, second or third conditional.

1 Match 1–7 with A–G to form complete sentences.

If I wore (wore) those stripy trousers, I’d look really silly.



If I go to the gym every day,


If you don’t look after your skin,


If I’d checked my homework more carefully,

4 If you’d taken a coat, 5

The teachers wouldn’t like it if you (dye) your hair purple.


If Alex is moody, I to him.


(be) more careful, you If you wouldn’t have lost your sunglasses.

If I didn’t have to work on Saturday,

6 I wouldn’t go there 7


4 If we had got here earlier, we the film.

I would have come to visit you

5 A B C D E F G

if I’d known that you were ill. I wouldn’t have made so many mistakes. you’ll look older than you are. I’d come to the beach with you. you wouldn’t have got cold. I’ll get really fit. unless I was with someone else.

2 Correct the sentences. If I would have some money, I would take the bus.

If I had some money, I would take the bus. 1

(not talk)

If we will leave now, we will arrive on time.


If you buy those jeans, you (not have) enough money for the jacket.

(not wear) those 6 If he terrible clothes, he’d be really attractive.

4 Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first. Use the first, second or third conditional. I didn’t know it was her birthday so I didn’t give her a card. If I’d known it was her birthday, I would have given her a card. 1 He didn’t go to the music festival because he was on holiday. If


You can’t come in unless you don’t have a ticket.


music festival. We can’t go in the car because I haven’t got a licence. If


If he studied more, he got a better exam result.

4 If I drove more slowly, I wouldn’t have crashed the car.


She would walk to school if she lives closer.


in the car. Listen carefully or you won’t know what to do.

If what to do. 4 You never get good results because you don’t study hard.


If good results. He didn’t know it was a very formal restaurant so he wore jeans. If

6 If I had got up earlier, I wouldn’t miss the train this morning.


If I had a faster computer, I will download more music.

jeans. 6 I didn’t know she was vegetarian so I made paella.


If paella. Hurry up or we’ll be late! If late!

8 If I get a good job, I move out of my parents’ house.


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22/1/08 13:17:47

Unit 6 Grammar revision The passive

The passive with by

1 Match sentences 1–8 with tenses A–H.

3 Put the words in the correct order to make passive



The thieves took the laptop computer.


My sister needs some new shoes.


Everybody will be invited to the party.


My mobile has been stolen.


I’ve finished my homework.


The news was shown at nine o’clock.


There will be a test next week.


In Britain, presents are given on 25th December.

active A present simple B present perfect C past simple D will future

sentences. Then complete the sentence with by + an agent in the list when necessary. the Queen millions of people a dog Alexander Graham Bell Steven Spielberg

telephone / was / the / invented

The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. 1

will / opened / the / hospital / new / be


isn’t / smoking / in / building / allowed / this


was / War of the Worlds / the / directed / film / latest

4 watched / programme / be / that / will

passive E present simple F present perfect G past simple H will future


times / told / joke / been / has / many / that

6 youngest / bitten / child / was / the

2 Choose the correct alternatives. What time was the crime / has the crime been committed last night? 1 The film is / will be made next year. 2 Look! The houses were / have been damaged in the bad weather. 3 We couldn’t read the email because it isn’t / wasn’t written in English. 4 Millions of newspapers were / are read every day. 5 Has / Was the car ever been stolen? 6 This book will be / was published in England twenty years ago. 7 The two men who broke into our flat have been / are caught. 8 My cousin was / has been injured in a riding accident last weekend.

4 Complete the sentences. Use the correct passive form of the bold verbs. When the photos arrive, they will be developed (develop) immediately. 1

Our house last year.


Newspapers early in the morning.


I’m sure the tournament (win) by a Spanish player this year.

4 This village tourists for the last ten years. 5

A helicopter as they heard the news.

(burgle) twice (print) very

(not visit) by (send) as soon

6 Jewellery (not wear) in this school. 7 When the children reached dry land at last, they (interview) by five journalists. 8 Ow! I


02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 21

(sting) by a wasp.


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Unit 6 Grammar revision 7 Transform the sentences from active to passive. Only

Active or passive?

include the agent when necessary.

5 Which sentences are not natural uses of the passive? Rewrite the sentences in the active. That road was built last year. ✓ Lunch is normally eaten by us at two o’clock. ✗

They filmed Lord of the Rings in New Zealand.

Lord of the Rings was filmed in New Zealand. 1

They have translated Harry Potter into 47 languages.

We normally eat lunch at two o’clock. 1

You will be met by me outside the cinema.


Somebody’s stolen my motorbike.


My computer has finally been fixed.


Federer beat Roddick at Wimbledon last year.


Some CDs were bought by Tony yesterday. 4 We haven’t seen him for two weeks.

4 The song was recorded two years ago. 5 5

6 My homework will be done by me before I go out. 7

They introduced the euro in Spain in 2002.

Three men were arrested at the airport. 6 The chauffeur will take us to the airport.

The famous couple were met by a large crowd of fans.

8 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use 8 A house is being built by us on that piece of land.

the present simple active or passive, or the past simple active or passive. make

6 Transform the sentences from passive to active or active to passive. They developed laser eye treatment in Russia.

Laser eye treatment was developed in Russia. 1

They will build a new stadium in 2015.


They’ve spent over five million pounds on the new school building.







Yesterday’s match was cancelled because of the rain. 1 The stadium for concerts. 2 My wallet yesterday. 3 The bank at 9.30 a.m. 4 Paper from wood. 5 My grandfather in 1987. 6 It’s Sunday. The library .

get / have something done 9 Complete the sentences. Use get / have something done


Two men have been arrested by the police.

4 She is usually driven to school by her sister. 5

The song was originally written by the Beatles.

6 This photo was taken by Ben when he was in India.


They will release the album next month.

8 My brother introduced me to my boyfriend.


02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 22

and the information in the list. teeth pictures nails eyes hair dye paint clean develop test



You can get your teeth cleaned at the dentist’s. 1 You can at a photo shop. 2 You can at a beauty salon. 3 You can at the optician’s. 4 You can at the hairdresser’s. 5 You can at a garage.


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Unit 6 Grammar extension get / have something done 1 Choose the correct alternatives. I know a place where you can clean your car / get your car cleaned / get cleaned your car very cheaply. 1

My leg really hurts. I must get it checked /

3 Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use the correct form of get something done. Someone fixed our fridge last week. We got our fridge fixed last week . 1 They are going to X-ray his arm tomorrow. He

check it / get checked it. 2



Where can you have your photo taken / have taken your photo / take your photo round here? It’s more expensive to cut your hair / have cut your hair / have your hair cut in England than in Spain.

4 If you pay extra, you can have delivered the sofa / have the sofa delivered / deliver the sofa. 5

I took my mobile phone to the shop yesterday to have to fix it / fix it / have it fixed.

6 You can get your invitations printed / get printed your invitations / print your invitations at this shop. 7

I need to test my eyes / get my eyes tested / get tested my eyes before I take my driving test.

8 My brother has taken his motorbike to the garage to get it repaired / repair it / get repaired it.


Someone is making a cake for us. We 3 Someone needs to fix my computer. I 4 The garage services my father’s car every year. My father

. .

. 5

A photographer is taking their photo this afternoon. They .

6 How often does the dentist check your teeth? How often


The passive 4 Correct the sentences. Our computer doesn’t use much.

Our computer isn’t used much. 1

My father was borned in 1962.


If you leave your bag there, it will stolen.


The man who escaped from prison haven’t been found.

2 Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of have something done. She has her bedroom painted (her bedroom / paint) every few years. 1

I think I (my hair / cut) short for the summer.



never (a tooth / take out).


We (satellite TV / install) three years ago. 5

4 I never (my fortune / tell). 5


probably (the kitchen / extend) next year.

6 She (her dress / make) when she got married. 7

4 La Gioconda was painted for Leonardo da Vinci.

I hope the swimming pool will be build soon.

6 Over 30 bottles of wine have been drank.


I was woke up by a car alarm last night.

The children (their faces / paint) by a clown at the fair. 8 That magazine bought by millions of people every week.

8 My grandparents (their windows / clean) once a week.


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22/1/08 13:17:48

Unit 7 Grammar revision Relative pronouns

Defining and non-defining relative clauses

1 Choose the correct alternatives. He’s the player who / which / what scored the goal. 1 That’s the house which / where / that David Beckham lives. 2 The people which / that / where I met in New York were friendly. 3 Daniel, who / that / which my brother knows, does yoga. 4 The office that / where / which she works is in the centre of town. 5 That girl, which / who / whose name I don’t know, is good at tennis. 6 I’ll call you later that / when / which you’re at home. 7 I don’t like people which / whose / who are arrogant. 8 That’s the dress where / what / that I was talking about.

2 Complete the sentences with the words in the list. when when

where they





3 Are the sentences defining relative clauses (D) or nondefining relative clauses (N)? I really like the dress that she was wearing. D 1 Roger Federer, who has won Wimbledon several times, is a fantastic tennis player. 2 3

Did you find the ball that you lost? The shirts which we wear are sponsored by IBM.

4 The goalkeeper, whose name I can’t remember, played well. 5 The new stadium, which is being built at the moment, will hold 100,000 people. 6 I met a girl yesterday whose mother knows your mother. 7 Do you remember the match when we won the league?


What’s the name of the café where we met yesterday? 1 My parents decided to sell the car bought last year. 2 Those trainers she bought cost £100. 3 Is that the woman husband is a professional tennis player? 4 I met someone knew you the other day. 5 August is a month a lot of people are on holiday. 6 That’s the tennis racket wants to buy. 7 Sunday is the day I lie in bed with a cup of coffee and a magazine. 8 That’s the café you can buy those chocolate biscuits I was telling you about.

8 What’s the name of that shop where they sell surf boards?

Non-defining relative clauses 4 Join the sentences to make non-defining relative clauses. Maria is going to Australia tomorrow. She has never been abroad before.

Maria, who has never been abroad before, is going to Australia tomorrow. 1

José is the fastest runner in the school. He’s in my class.


Jorge makes wonderful tortillas. His father is a chef.


The Arena is one of the most expensive sports centres in London. It opened last month.

4 My tennis racket broke during a match. I only bought it a few weeks ago.


Luisa wants to be a ski instructor. She started skiing when she was five.

6 The ice-rink is closed for renovation. I go there every weekend.


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Unit 7 Grammar revision Defining relative clauses

who’s and whose

5 Join the sentences to make defining relative clauses.

7 Complete the sentences with who’s or whose.

He’s the tennis coach. He trains Rafael Nadal.

He’s the tennis coach who trains Rafael Nadal. 1

That’s the hospital. I went there when I broke my leg.


That’s the girl. Sam met her at the tennis club.


Paula’s got a new boyfriend. His name is Victor.

4 These are the football boots. My brother gave them to me.

This is Sharma, whose brother was at this school. 1 That’s Charlie, mother is the sports teacher at our school. 2 What’s the name of the person playing against Serena Williams tomorrow? 3 This is Natalia, our yoga teacher. 4 He’s the person cricket bat I used. 5 What’s the name of that footballer wife is a model? 6 The man wearing the red T-shirt is my scuba diving instructor.

Defining and non-defining relative clauses 8 Are the sentences right or wrong? Correct them where


Last weekend I visited my friend. Her mother is a writer.

6 2015 is the year. My mum will be sixty.


Oxford is the university. My mother studied chemistry there.

necessary. The player who he argued with the referee got a yellow ✗ card. The player that won yesterday’s match was German.

1 2

This is the stadium which Real Madrid play. He’s the person who his brother used to play for Arsenal. 3 My parents used to play tennis with rackets what were made of wood. 4 Paloma, who comes from Cádiz, doesn’t like swimming.

8 That’s the boy. His dad was in the newspaper last week. 5

Omission of relative pronouns 6 Cross out the relative pronoun in the sentences if it is not necessary.

6 I prefer to go swimming at a time which the pool is not very busy.

9 Use your own ideas to complete the sentences. 1

I didn’t understand anything that the teacher said. 1 Cricket is a sport which is quite popular in England. 2 This is the football shirt that I bought last week. 3 The girl who won the skating competition last year came second this year. 4 Did you see that brilliant goal that he scored? 5 Yesterday I saw Javier, whose father is a sports journalist. 6 What’s the name of the goalkeeper who plays for Real Betis? 7 The girl who he met at the swimming pool is now his girlfriend. 8 I met a woman who knows you at the youth club yesterday.

He is the basketball player I was telling you about.

Do you remember the day when ?


Have you ever been to the place where ?


, who I’ve known since I was very young,


4 Raúl is the football player who . 5

Surfing is a sport which .


, whose brother I know,


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22/1/08 13:17:48

Unit 7 Grammar extension Defining relative clauses

Non-defining relative clauses

1 Complete the sentences with the information in the list.

3 Find the non-defining relative clauses and add commas

Use who, which, whose, where or when.

in the correct places.

His job is to play golf. She won Wimbledon in 2004. She wants to be a professional footballer. Brazil won the World Cup. It is very difficult to do. Wimbledon takes place then. You can go ice-skating there.

1966, when I was born, was the year England won the World Cup.

Bend it like Beckham is a film about a girl who wants to be a

professional footballer. 1 2 3


Helen who is my best friend plays badminton with me.


My brother goes abseiling which I think is quite dangerous.


4 The Costa Brava which is north of Barcelona is popular with tourists.




6 Manchester United’s stadium is in Old Trafford where I live.




8 Juan whose girlfriend is Brazilian is learning Portuguese.

Maria Sharapova is the Russian tennis player Surfing is a sport

June is the month

6 2002 was the year .

2 Rewrite the sentences so that the second sentence has

My sister who is only thirteen is taller than I am.

Defining and non-defining relative clauses list. Add a relative pronoun and commas if necessary.

He was using a new surf board. The surf board which he was using was new. 1 They beat the Russian team.

run a marathon Beckham wore in the World Cup husband is Italian Greece won Euro 2004 originated in the Basque Country scuba divers wear is in the south west of England

The team . Ronaldinho scored three goals in the match. The player

My tennis coach, whose husband is Italian, is going to live in Italy. 1

Jai-Alai is the fastest ball game in the world.


A wet suit is something

. 3

My father whose name is Frank used to be a professional footballer.

4 Complete the sentences with a relative clause from the

the same meaning as the first.


These gloves which cricketers wear are made of leather.

An ice-rink is a place

4 A professional golfer is a person 5


He won the gold medal in 2005. The year


. 3

4 We went skiing in the Pyrenees.

That was the time .

The mountains She is wearing a black helmet.

4 I think that people must be very fit.

The helmet


. 5

. 6 You usually ride a horse called Rocket.

Are those the boots


6 Cornwall is an excellent place for windsurfing.

The horse . 7

Carmen won the writing competition. The student .


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Unit 8 Grammar revision 3 Read the email and then complete the text.

Reported statements 1 Report the sentences by putting the words in the correct order.

Dear Mum and Dad,

‘I want to buy a CD,’ Sarah said. wanted / CD / that / to / Sarah / a / said / buy / she

‘We saw Jim the other day,’ they said. seen / that / other / had / day / said / Jim / they / the / they

I’m sorry I haven’t written for so long. I’ve been really busy. I’m having a great time over here in Canada. Last weekend we went to the Rocky Mountains and we saw a lot of different animals, including three bears which were sitting in the road!

‘I’m going to Mexico,’ Paul said. that / said / going / Paul / to / was / Mexico / he

Tomorrow I am going to Vancouver. I think I’ll stay there for about five days. I am flying back to London on August 31st. Can you pick me up from the airport?

Sarah said that she wanted to buy a new CD. 1


Love Archie


‘I’ll post the letter,’ Alice said. post / Alice / letter / she / that / the / said / would

4 ‘I’ve spoken to Ana several times,’ said Montse. to / spoken / that / Montse / several / said / had / she / times / Ana


‘Steve called at six o’clock,’ they said. six o’clock / they / Steve / said / called / had / at / that

6 ‘I don’t think it’s true,’ said Eva. Eva / think / true / said / didn’t / she / was / that / it

2 Complete the sentences with the correct pronouns. ‘I’ve never met your sister,’ Nicky said to me. Nicky said that she had never met my sister. 1 ‘I’m having my hair cut,’ Sonia said. Sonia said that was having hair cut. 2 ‘I don’t believe you,’ Jack said to me. Jack said that didn’t believe . 3 ‘We don’t want our dinner,’ said the children. The children said that didn’t want dinner. 4 ‘You’ll feel better soon,’ the doctor told me. The doctor said that would feel better soon. 5 ‘I love your jacket,’ I told Mark. I told Mark that loved jacket. 6 ‘Our teacher is giving us a test,’ said the students. The students said that teacher was giving a test.

In his email, Archie said that he was sorry he (1) written for so long but he (2) been really busy. He said that he (3) having a great time over (4) in Canada. The weekend (5) he (6) been to the Rocky Mountains and seen three bears sitting in the road. He said that he (7) going to Vancouver the next (8) and he thought he (9) stay there for about five days. He said he was flying back to London on August 31st and he asked if we (10) pick him up from the airport.

4 Rewrite the sentences using reported speech. ‘I passed my driving test last month.’ Kate said that she had passed her driving test the month before. 1 ‘I went to Segovia last week.’ Ed said that . 2

‘We were here last year.’ They said that .


‘These photos are fake.’ Helen said that 4 ‘The shop isn’t open this afternoon.’ The shop assistant said

. 5

‘We have an exam tomorrow.’ They said that .

6 ‘I’m going to university next year.’ Sally said that


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. 27

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Unit 8 Grammar revision Say or tell

8 Transform the questions into reported questions. ‘What are you drinking?’ Sue asked me.

5 Complete the sentences with the correct form of say

Sue asked me what I was drinking.

or tell. Everybody said that the concert was good. 1


you that Juan had a girlfriend?



that Carlos wasn’t telling the truth.


Why didn’t Carmen

me that Ben was coming?

4 I the teacher that I would be absent the following day. 5


6 Nobody

her mother was very angry.


‘What will happen if you lose it?’ Johnny asked me.


‘Do you know Dermot?’ Cathy asked the children.


‘Have you ever read a book in English?’ Jane asked Carmen.

me that he was going away.

Reported statements

4 ‘What time do you usually go to bed?’ the teacher asked us.

6 Imagine that people say the opposite of what they had said earlier. Complete the dialogues. A These shoes are old. B Really? But you said that they were new. 1

A B 2 A B 3 A B 4 A B 5 A B 6 A B

I don’t like jazz music. Really? But you My car was really cheap. Really? But you I won’t come to the party. Really? But you Leah isn’t here today. Really? But you The film was really interesting. Really? But you I’ve never been abroad. Really? But you


‘Where did you put my car keys?’ I asked my sister.

. 6 ‘Who is coming to the party?’ Tina asked me. . . . . .

Reported questions

Reported questions, suggestions and commands 9 Transform the direct speech into reported speech. Use ask, suggest or tell. ‘Stop talking!’ (teacher / us) The teacher told us to stop talking. 1

‘Did you enjoy the film?’ (Laura / me)


‘Why don’t we go out for dinner?’ (Harry)


‘Don’t say a word to anyone!’ (I / Luke)

7 Transform the reported questions into direct questions. He asked me whether I had ever been to New York.

‘Have you ever been to New York?’ 1

Phil asked Mike where he had bought those trainers.


Sue asked me how long I had lived in Madrid.


They asked us whether we could speak English.

4 Sarah asked Dan if he would marry her. 5

4 ‘Don’t wake me up early!’ (Matt / his younger brother) 5

‘Let’s not talk about the problem any more!’ (Jude)

We asked the children what they were doing.

6 I asked you whether the photo was fake.


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6 ‘Call as soon as you get home!’ (my mum / me)


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Unit 8 Grammar extension Reported statements

Reported speech: review

1 Transform the reported sentences into direct speech, or

3 Correct the sentences.

the direct speech into reported speech. Remember to think about pronoun changes and time expressions.

The mechanic said me the car would be ready on Tuesday.

The mechanic told me the car would be ready on Tuesday.

He said that my computer would be fixed that day.

‘Your computer will be fixed today,’ he said. 1




She told me to not contact her again.


He asked her if she read Lord of the Rings.


He suggested that I going to see a doctor.

Jaime said that the stories were made-up.

‘I’m not worried about the test tomorrow,’ said Will.

My friend told me that I looked good in those jeans. 4 A tourist asked me where was the station.

4 ‘I haven’t eaten meat since I was thirteen,’ said Juliet. 5 5

Shania said that she couldn’t do her homework.

She told him to say her the truth.

6 The film star told the paparazzi she will call the police.

6 ‘You’ll pass your exams this year,’ my teacher told me.


Reported commands

We were disappointed when they told that the tickets had sold out.

8 Colin asked me that whether I wanted to go out with him or not.

2 Complete the sentences with a reported command. Use the correct form of the commands in the list. Switch the TV off! Don’t open the window, James! Don’t worry! Turn the music down! Don’t move! Put the lights on, Bill! Hurry up!

I was listening to my CD player when my dad told me to turn the music down. 1 We had a test, but the teacher told . 2

Jake was going to be late so his mum told


They couldn’t see anything so they told

. . 4 I wanted to watch a film, but my parents told . 5

Angela had hurt her leg so we told .

6 It was really cold so I told . PHOTOCOPIABLE © OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

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Unit 9 Grammar revision 4 Are the sentences right or wrong? Correct them where

The gerund


1 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use the gerund. cancel do listen live eat compose phone



Do you enjoy listening to pop music? 1

I’ve just finished

that book.


Are you good at



My mum hates


4 Kit keeps

me on my mobile.

We haven’t got time to go shopping.


To play the saxophone is not easy.


It’s difficult understand the lyrics.


I can’t stand waiting in queues.

4 Have you decided to go to the music festival? 5

He kept on to talk for hours.

yoga is a good way to relax.

5 6 I don’t mind 7


Would you consider live abroad?

up early on Saturdays.

I can’t imagine

in another country.


I always have a drink before to go to bed.


8 I have to avoid

8 We attempted seeing the band after the concert.

The infinitive 2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use

5 Write the words in the correct order. is / to / listening / relaxing / music / very

the infinitive. go buy record check play

6 In spite of working late, she didn’t finish her homework.





Listening to music is very relaxing. 1

this / I / use / find / to / computer / difficult


is / this / not / pronounce / easy / to / word


to / doing / helps / exercise / you / lose / weight

Jack offered to buy me a drink. 1

Elsa agreed piano.


I often forget


My brother hopes day.

me how to play the my emails. a rock band one

4 Max learned was five. 5

the drums when he

We really want concert.

to a Green Day

6 Ana promised 7

I need

me dinner.

4 can’t / I / stand / boring / talking / to / people 5

coffee / I / to / prefer / not / drink

6 you / did / to / catch / manage / your / train?

my guitar.

8 The band decided album in New York.

their second


he / to / getting / avoid / up / tries / early

8 buying / I / not / regret / the / tickets / expensive

Verb + gerund / infinitive 3 Choose the correct alternatives. The band stopped playing / to play in 2005. 1 Miguel suggested going / to go for a walk in the park. 2 He managed getting / to get a job as a DJ. 3 They refused signing / to sign the contract. 4 If we keep on trying / to try, we’ll succeed. 5 She promised staying / to stay in contact. 6 I can’t wait seeing / to see Razorlight in concert. 7 I miss playing / to play the drums. 8 What time are you expecting the band arriving / to arrive? 30

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Unit 9 Grammar revision 8 Complete the sentences so that they mean the same as

The gerund / The infinitive

the first sentence. Use the gerund or the infinitive.

6 Rewrite the sentences so that they mean the same as

She says that she made a mistake. She admits making a mistake. 1 It isn’t a good idea to walk alone at night. It’s better to avoid

the first sentence. Use the gerund. He worked hard, but he didn’t earn much money. Despite working hard, he didn’t earn much money. 1 I played the guitar. I didn’t play the drums.


Instead of


Could you wait outside, please? Would you mind


He was able to get into the concert free. He managed

. 2

She felt ill, but she performed in the concert.


In spite of . 3

They recorded their third album and then they went on tour.

. 4 She said she would drive me to the airport. She offered

After . 4 She slept for ten hours, but she felt very tired.

. 5


He asks the same question again and again. He keeps on

. 5

She had a shower and then had breakfast.

. 6 She can’t stop herself from laughing. She can’t help

Before . 6 We didn’t go to the cinema. We stayed at home.

. 7

Instead of

They wouldn’t sign the contract. They refused

. 7

He walked to his friend’s house and then he fell asleep.

. 8 I’m really excited about going to the concert. I can’t wait

After .


8 I have worked hard, but I haven’t finished the project.

get used to / be used to

In spite of .

7 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in the list. Use the gerund or the infinitive. play buy dance go concentrate




We can’t afford


This song is great. I can’t resist


Is it difficult

out every night. . with all that noise? the door, but it was


the band’s

6 It is important playing it. 7

Why did you give up

8 She regretted

sleeping driving


I can’t get used to


I’m not used to


I can’t




up early. on the floor. used to this strange accent!

4 He found it hard to get used to violin. 5

I’m used to difficult to share a flat.

6 Tom isn’t

the alone, so I’d find it

to staying out late.

a guitar before in the band? those shoes.


02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 31


In England, Marta had to get used to driving on the left.

4 He attempted locked. We’re waiting autographs.

is one verb you don’t need. playing getting


She isn’t interested in learning to drive. 1

9 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. There


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Unit 9 Grammar extension 3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list.

Verbs + gerund / infinitive

agree keep mind enjoy

1 Read the dialogues. Describe the situations using the verbs in the list. promised admitted kept on arranged




We’ll do it. We don’t


You’re good at music so you should becoming a musician.


Will he

helping you.

to lend you some money?

4 I can’t

to go on holiday next week.


on doing that, I’ll get really

If you angry.

6 Why did he

up playing the guitar?

Ignacio ‘I’ll meet you outside the cinema at six.’ Dani ‘OK. See you then.’



8 They going to the park with their friends on a Sunday afternoon. .

Henry ‘Help me! Help me! Help me!’ he shouted.

Henry 4 Deb Jon 5






I don’t intend to stay long at the party.


John ‘Shall I drive you to the station?’ Clare ‘Yes, please.’ John offered to drive Clare to the station. 1 Alice ‘Why don’t we go to the Green Day concert?’ Joe ‘That’s a great idea.’


intend hope

to be a journalist when I’m older.

4 Choose the correct alternatives. Sometimes both verbs are correct.

. ‘It’s a secret. Don’t tell anyone!’ ‘I won’t.’ .

Jon Ben ‘Did you break my mobile phone?’ Emma ‘Yes, I did. I’m sorry.’


You should avoid eating / to eat in smoky restaurants. I love to spend / spending time in the country. 1

We discussed buying / to buy a new car.


I started feeling / to feel ill when I got to school.


Do you expect the album being / to be a success?

4 We managed speaking / to speak to the lead singer.

Emma .


My father prefers listening / to listen to classical music.

2 Match 1–7 with A–G and put the bold verbs into the correct form. Use the gerund or the infinitive.



I must go. I can’t stand


‘Air guitar’ is when you pretend


Jenny hates Billy so she avoids

6 The manager threatened calling / to call the police. 7

I hate saying / to say this, but the song is terrible.

8 We finished eating / to eat at about midnight.

4 He keeps phoning me. I regret 5

Before going out, I have to promise

6 It was difficult, but we managed 7

When she left school, she missed

A (give)

him my number.

B (play)

the guitar.

C (get) D (come)

tickets for the concert. home before eleven o’clock.

E (listen) listening to this music any longer. F


G (be)


02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 32

all her friends. on her own with him.


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