FLORIDA BUILDING CODE

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• 2007 Florida Building Code, Plumbing

First Printing

ISBN: 978-1-58001-589-9

Publication Date: February 2008

COPYRIGHT© 2008 by INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL, INC.



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This 2007 Florida Building Code - Plumbing, contains substantial copyrighted material from the 2006 International Plumbing Code, Second Printing which is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc. Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means, including, without limitation, electronic, optical or mechanical means (by way of example and not limitation, photocopying, or recording by or in an information storage retrieval system). For information on permission to copy material exceeding fair use, please contact: Publications, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478. Phone 1-888-ICC-SAFE (422-7233). Trademarks: "International Code Council," the "International Code Council" logo and the "International Plumbing Code" are trademarks of the International Code Council, Inc.

PRINTED IN THE U.S.A.



PREFACE History The State of Florida first mandated statewide building codes during the 1970s at the beginning ofthe modern construction boom. The first law required all municipalities and counties to adopt and enforce one of the four state-recognized model codes known as the "state minimum building codes." During the early 1990s a series of natural disasters, together with the increasing complexity of building construction regulation in vastly changed markets, led to a comprehensive review of the state building code system. The study revealed that building code adoption and enforcement was inconsistent throughout the state and those local codes thought to be the strongest proved inadequate when tested by major hurricane events. The consequences of the building codes system failure were devastation to lives and economies and a statewide property insurance crisis. The response was a reform of the state building construction regulatory system that placed emphasis on uniformity and accountability. The 1998 Florida Legislature amended Chapter 553, Florida Statutes (FS), Building Construction Standards, to create a single state building code that is enforced by local governments. As of March 1, 2002, the Florida Building Code, which is developed and maintained by the Florida Building Commission, supersedes all local building codes. The Florida Building Code is updated every three years and may be amended annually to incorporate interpretations and clarifications.

Scope The Florida Building Code is based on national model building codes and national consensus standards which are amended where necessary for Florida's specific needs. The code incorporates all building construction-related regulations for public and private buildings in the State of Florida other than those specifically exempted by Section 553.73, Florida Statutes. It has been harmonized with the Florida Fire Prevention Code, which is developed and maintained by the Department of Financial Services, Office of the State Fire Marshal, to establish unified and consistent standards. The base codes for the 2007 edition of the Florida Building Code include: the International Building Code®, 2006 edition; the International Plumbing Code®, 2006 edition; the International Mechanical Code®, 2006 edition; the International Fuel Gas Code®, 2006 edition; the International Residential Code®, 2006 edition; the International Existing Building Code®, 2006 edition; the National Electrical Code, 2005 edition; the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Fair Housing Guidelines, and; substantive criteria from the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers' (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2004. State and local codes adopted and incorporated into the code include the Florida Energy Efficiency Code for Building Construction, the Florida Accessibility Code for Building Construction and special hurricane protection standards for the high-velocity hurricane zone. The code is composed of seven main volumes: the Florida Building Code, Building, which also includes Chapter 13 (energy efficiency) and Chapter II(accessibility) as well as state regulations for licensed facilities; the Florida Building Code, Plumbing; the Florida Building Code, Mechanical; the Florida Building Code, Fuel Gas; the Florida Existing Building Code; the Florida Building Code, Residential,. and the Florida Building Code, Test Protocols for High- Velocity Hurricane Zones. Chapter 27 of the Florida Building Code, Building, adopts the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, by reference. Chapter 33 of the Florida Building Code, Residential adopts the National Electrical Code Requirementsfor One- and Two-Family Dwellings, NFPA 70A, by reference. Under certain strictly defined conditions, local governments may amend requirements to be more stringent than the code. All 10cal amendments to the Florida Building Code must be adopted by local ordinance and reported to the Florida Building Commission then posted on www.floridabuilding.org in Legislative format for a month before being enforced. Local amendments to the Florida Building Code and the Florida Fire Prevention Code may be obtained from the Florida Building Commission web site, or from the Florida Department of Community Affairs or the Florida Department of Financial Services, Office of the State Fire Marshal, respectively.

Adoption and Maintenance The Florida Building Code is adopted and updated with new editions triennially by the Florida Building Commission. It is amended annually to incorporate interpretations, clarifications and to update standards. Minimum requirements for permitting, plans review and inspections are established by the code, and local jurisdictions may adopt additional administrative requirements that are more stringent. Local technical amendments are subject to strict criteria established by Section 553.73, F. S. They are subject to commission review and adoption into the code or repeal when the code is updated triennially and are subject to appeal to the Commission according to the procedures established by Section 553.73, F.S. Ten Technical Advisory Committees (TACs), which are constituted consistent with American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Guidelines, review proposed code changes and clarifications of the code and make recommendations to the Commission. These TACs whose membership is constituted consistent with American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Guidelines include: Accessibility; Joint Building Fire (a joint committee of the Commission and the State Fire Marshal); Building Structural; Code Ad2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

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ministration/ Enforcement; Electrical; Energy; Mechanical; Plumbing and Fuel Gas; Roofing; and Special Occupancy (state agency construction and facility licensing regulations).

_ •

The Commission may only issue official code clarifications using procedures of Chapter 120, Florida Statutes. To obtain such a clarification, a request for a Declaratory Statement (DEC) must be made to the Florida Building Commission in a manner that establishes a clear set of facts and circumstances and identifies the section of the code in question. Requests are analyzed by staff, reviewed by the appropriate Technical Advisory Committee, and sent to the Florida Building Commission for a first action. Draft Declaratory Statements are subject to public comment and are finalized by the Commission at its next meeting. These interpretations establish precedents for situations having similar facts and circumstances and are typically incorporated into the code in the next code amendment cycle. Non-binding opinions are available from the Building Officials Association of Florida's web site (www.BOAF.net) and a Binding Opinion process is available online at www.floridabuilding.org.

Marginal Markings Vertical lines in the margins within the body of the code indicate a change from the requirements of the base codes to the 2007 Florida Building Code effective October 1,2008. Sections deleted from the base code are designated "Reserved."

Acknowledgments The Florida Building Code is produced through the efforts and contributions of building designers, contractors, product manufacturers, regulators and other interested parties who participate in the Florida Building Commission's consensus processes, Commission staff and the participants in the national model code development processes.



• iv

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1

ADMINISTRATION

1.1

Section

1.1 1.1

101 General . 102-109 Reserved. CHAPTER 2 Section 201 202

303 304 305

e

306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316

412 413 414 415 416 417 418

GENERAL REGULATIONS

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exclusion of Materials Detrimental to the Sewer System . . . . . . . . . . Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rodentproofing. . . . . . . . . . . . Protection of Pipes and Plumbing System Components Trenching, Excavation and Backfill. . . Structural Safety . Piping Support . Flood Hazard Resistance. . . Washroom and Toilet Room Requirements. . . . . . . . Toilet Facilities for Workers. Tests and Inspections. . Equipment Efficiencies . . . . Condensate Disposal . . . . . Public Food Service Establishments and Food Establishments . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 4 Section 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411

2.1

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1 General Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1

CHAPTER 3 Section 301 302

DEFINITIONS

3.1

. . . . . 3.1 . . . . . 3.1 3.1 3.1 . 3.2 . . . . . 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6

.

3.6 3.7

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS

4.1

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Fixture Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Minimum Plumbing Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Accessible Plumbing Facilities . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 Installation of Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.17 Automatic Clothes Washers . . . . . . . . . . . 4.19 Bathtubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.20 Bidets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.20 4.20 Dishwashing Machines. . . . . . . Drinking Fountains . . . . . . . . . 4.20 Emergency Showers and Eyewash Stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.20 Floor and Trench Drains . 4.20 Food Waste Grinder Units 4.20 Garbage Can Washers 4.21 4.21 Laundry Trays. . . . . Lavatories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.21 Showers . . . . . . 4.21 Sinks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.22

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427

Urinals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water Closets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Whirlpool Bathtubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health Care Fixtures and Equipment. Specialty Plumbing Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . Faucets and Other Fixture Fittings. . . . . . . . Flushing Devices for Water Closets and Urinals Manual Food and Beverage Dispensing Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . Floor Sinks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTERS Section 501 502 503 504 505

General . . . Installation . Connections. Safety Devices Insulation . . .

CHAPTER 6 Section 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612

613

WATER HEATERS

4.22 4.22 4.22 4.23 4.23 4.24 4.24 4.25 4.25

5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2

WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION

6.1

General . . . . . . 6.1 6.1 Water Required. . Water Service. . . 6.1 Design of Building Water Distribution 6.2 System ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Materials, Joints and Connections. . . . . . . . . 6.4 Installation of the Building Water Distribution System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.8 Hot Water Supply System. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.10 Protection of Potable Water Supply 6.11 Health Care Plumbing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.14 Disinfection of Potable Water System . . . . . . 6.15 Water Treatment Units 6.15 Well Pumps and Tanks Used for Private Potable Water Systems 6.15 Temperature Control Devices and Valves 6.16 \

CHAPTER 7 Section 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712

SANITARY DRAINAGE

7.1

General . . . . . . . . . 7.1 Materials . . . . . . . . 7.1 Building Sewer. . . . . 7.3 Drainage Piping Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 Connections Between Drainage Piping and Fittings 7.6 Prohibited Joints and Connections. . . . . . . . . 7.7 Cleanouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.7 Fixture Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.8 Drainage System Sizing . . . . . . . . . . 7.8 Offsets in Drainage Piping in Buildings of Five Stories or More. . . . . . . . . . 7.8 Sumps and Ejectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.11

v

713 714 715

Health Care Plumbing 7.12 Computerized Drainage Design. . . . . . . . . . 7.13 Backwater Valves 7.14

CHAPTER 8 Section 801 802 803 804

General Indirect Wastes. . . . . . . Special Wastes. . . . . . Materials, Joints and Connections

CHAPTER 9 Section 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919

INDIRECT/SPECIAL WASTE..... 8.1

~

VENTS

Section 1001 1002 1003 1004

1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 vi

General Medical Gases . Oxygen Systems

9.1

APPENDIX A PLUMBING PERMIT FEE SCHEDULE (RESERVED)

A.1

APPENDIX B RATES OF RAINFALL FOR VARIOUS CITIES

B.1

APPENDIX C GRAY WATER RECYCLING SYSTEMS

C.1

10.1

Section C101 CI02 C103

General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C.l Systems for Flushing Water Closets and Urinals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C.l Subsurface Landscape Irrigation Systems . . . . . C.2

APPENDIX D DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN TEMPERATURES

D.1

APPENDIX E SIZING OF WATER PIPING SySTEM

E.1

Section EI01 E102 E103 E201



12.1 . 12.1 12.1

CHAPTER 13 REFERENCED STANDARDS .... 13.1

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.1 Trap Requirements 10.1 Interceptors and Separators . . . . . 10.1 Materials, Joints and Connections 10.3

CHAPTER 11 STORM DRAINAGE Section 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106

Section 1201 1202 1203

8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2

General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.1 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.1 Outdoor Vent Extension 9.1 Vent Terminals 9.1 Vent Connections and Grades 9.2 .9.2 Fixture Vents. . Individual Vent. . 9.2 .9.2 Common Vent. Wet Venting . . .9.3 Waste Stack Vent . 9.3 Circuit Venting. . . 9.3 Combination Drain and Vent System 9.4 Island Fixture Venting. . . . . . . . . 9.4 Relief Vents-Stacks of More than 10 Branch Intervals. . . . . . . . . 9.4 Vents for Stack Offsets . . . . . . . . 9.5 Vent Pipe Sizing 9.5 Air Admittance Valves . . . . 9.6 . 9.7 Engineered Vent Systems. . . 9.7 Computerized Vent Design.

CHAPTER 10 TRAPS, INTERCEPTORS AND SEPARATORS

CHAPTER 12 SPECIAL PIPING AND STORAGE SYSTEMS 12.1

General. E.l Information Required E.l Selection of Pipe Size E.l Selection of Pipe Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B.18

APPENDIX F PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION BUILDING CODES FOR TURF AND F.1 LANDSCAPE SYSTEMS

11.1

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.1 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.1 Traps 11.2 Conductors and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 Roof Drains. . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 Size of Conductors, Leaders and Storm Drains . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 Secondary (Emergency) Roof Drains 11.9 Combined Sanitary and Storm System 11.10 Values for Continuous Flow . . . . . . . . . . . 11.10 Controlled Flow Roof Drain Systems. . . . . . 11.10 Subsoil Drains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.10 Building Subdrains 11.10 Sumps and Pumping Systems 11.11

APPENDIX G VACUUM DRAINAGE SYSTEM (RESERVED) INDEX

G.1

INDEX-1

• 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

CHAPTER 1

ADMINISTRATION SECTION 101 GENERAL

101.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 1, Florida Building Code, Building shall govern the administration and enforcement of the Florida Building Code, Plumbing. 101.2 Scope. Reserved. 101.3 Intent. Reserved. 101.4 Severability. Reserved.

SECTION 102 APPLICABILITY RESERVED

SECTION 103 DEPARTMENT OF PLUMBING INSPECTION RESERVED

SECTION 104 DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE CODE OFFICIAL RESERVED

SECTION 105 APPROVAL RESERVED

SECTION 106 PERMITS RESERVED

SECTION 107 INSPECTIONS AND TESTING RESERVED

SECTION 108 VIOLATIONS RESERVED



SECTION 109 MEANS OF APPEAL RESERVED

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

1.1

1.2

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

CHAPTER 2

DEFINITIONS SECTION 201 GENERAL

201.1 Scope. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings shown in this chapter. 201.2 Interchangeability. Words stated in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural the singular. 201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the Florida Building Code, Building, Florida Fire Prevention Code, Chapter 27 of the Florida Building Code, Building, Florida Building Code, Fuel Gas or the Florida Building Code, Mechanical, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes. 201.4 Terms not defined. Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have the meanings as defined in Webster s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language Unabridged. SECTION 202 GENERAL DEFINITIONS

ACCEPTED ENGINEERING PRACTICE. That which conforms to accepted principles, tests or standards of nationally recognized technical or scientific authorities.

AIR GAP (Drainage System). The unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the outlet of the waste pipe and the flood level rim of the receptacle into which the waste pipe is discharging. AIR GAP (Water Distribution System). The unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from any pipe or faucet supplying water to a tank, plumbing fixture or other device and the flood level rim of the receptacle. ALTERNATIVE ENGINEERED DESIGN. A plumbing system that performs in accordance with the intent of Chapters 3 through 12 and provides an equivalent level of performance for the protection ofpublic health, safety and welfare. The system design is not specifically regulated by Chapters 3 through 12. ANCHORS. See "Supports." ANTISIPHON. A term applied to valves or mechanical devices that eliminate siphonage. APPROVED. Acceptable to the code official or other authority having jurisdiction. APPROVED AGENCY. An established and recognized agency approved by the code official and that is regularly engaged in conducting tests or furnishing inspection services. AREA DRAIN. A receptacle designed to collect surface or storm water from an open area.

ACCESS (TO). That which enables a fixture, appliance or equipment to be reached by ready access or by a means that first requires the removal or movement of a panel, door or similar obstruction (see "Ready access").

ASPIRATOR. A fitting or device supplied with water or other fluid under positive pressure that passes through an integral orifice or constriction, causing a vacuum. Aspirators are also referred to as suction apparatus, and are similar in operation to an ejector.

ACCESS COVER. A removable plate, usually secured by bolts or screws, to permit access to a pipe or pipe fitting for the purposes of inspection, repair or cleaning.

BACKFLOW. Pressure created by any means in the water distribution system, which by being in excess ofthe pressure in the water supply mains causes a potential backflow condition.

ADAPTER FITTING An approved connecting device that suitably and properly joins or adjusts pipes and fittings which do not otherwise fit together.

Backpressure, low head. A pressure less than or equal to 4.33 psi (29.88 kPa) or the pressure exerted by a 10-foot (3048 mm) column of water.

AIR ADMITTANCE VALVE. One-way valve designed to allow air to enter the plumbing drainage system when negative pressures develop in the piping system. The device shall close by gravity and seal the vent terminal at zero differential pressure (no flow conditions) and under positive internal pressures. The purpose of an air admittance valve is to provide a method of allowing air to enter the plumbing drainage system without the use of a vent extended to open air and to prevent sewer gases from escaping into a building.

Backsiphonage. The backflow ofpotentially contaminated water into the potable water system as a result of the pressure in the potable water system falling below atmospheric pressure of the plumbing fixtures, pools, tanks or vats connected to the potable water distribution piping.

AIR BREAK (Drainage System). A piping arrangement in which a drain from a fixture, appliance or device discharges indirectly into another fixture, receptacle or interceptor at a point below the flood level rim and above the trap seal. 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

Backwater valve. A device or valve installed in the building drain or sewer pipe where a sewer is subject to backflow, and which prevents drainage or waste from backing up into a low level or fixtures and causing a flooding condition. Drainage. A reversal of flow in the drainage system. Water supply system. The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distribution pipes of a pota2.1

DEFINITIONS

ble water supply from any source except the intended source.

BUILDING SUBDRAIN. That portion of a drainage system that does not drain by gravity into the building sewer.

BACKFLOW CONNECTION. Any arrangement whereby backflow is possible.

BUILDING TRAP. A device, fitting or assembly of fittings installed in the building drain to prevent circulation of air between the drainage system of the building and the building sewer.

BACKFLOW PREVENTER. A device or means to prevent backflow. BALL COCK. See "Fill valve."

II

BASE FLOOD ELEVATION. See Section 309.1. BATHROOM GROUP. A group of fixtures consisting of a water closet, lavatory, bathtub or shower, including or excluding a bidet, an emergency floor drain or both. Such fixtures are located together on the same floor level. BEDPAN STEAMER OR BOILER. A fixture utilized for scalding bedpans or urinals by direct application of steam or boiling water. BEDPAN WASHER AND STERILIZER. A fixture designed to wash bedpans and to flush the contents into the sanitary drainage system. Included are fixtures of this type that provide for disinfecting utensils by scalding with steam or hot water.

CIRCUIT VENT. A vent that connects to a horizontal drainage branch and vents two traps to a maximum of eight traps or trapped fixtures connected into a battery. CISTERN. A small covered tank for storing water for a home or farm. Generally, this tank stores rainwater to be utilized for purposes other than in the potable water supply, and such tank is placed underground in most cases. CLEANOUT. An access opening in the drainage system utilized for the removal of obstructions. Types of cleanouts include a removable plug or cap, and a removable fixture or fixture trap. CODE. These regulations, subsequent amendments thereto, or any emergency rule or regulation that the administrative authority having jurisdiction has lawfully adopted.

BEDPAN WASHER HOSE. A device supplied with hot and cold water and located adjacent to a water closet or clinical sink to be utilized for cleansing bedpans.

CODE OFFICIAL. The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of this code, or a duly authorized representative.

BRANCH. Any part of the piping system except a riser, main or stack.

COMBINATION FIXTURE. A fixture combining one sink and laundry tray or a two- or three-compartment sink or laundry tray in one unit.

BRANCH INTERVAL. A vertical measurement of distance, 8 feet (2438 mm) or more in developed length, between the connections of horizontal branches to a drainage stack. Measurements are taken down the stack from the highest horizontal branch connection. BRANCH VENT. A vent connecting one or more individual vents with a vent stack or stack vent. BUILDING Any structure occupied or intended for supporting or sheltering any occupancy. BUILDING DRAIN. That part ofthe lowest piping of a drainage system that receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside and that extends 30 inches (762 mm) in developed length of pipe beyond the exterior walls of the building and conveys the drainage to the building sewer. Combined. A building drain that conveys both sewage and storm water or other drainage. Sanitary. A building drain that conveys sewage only. Storm. A building drain that conveys storm water or other drainage, but not sewage.

BUILDING SEWER. That part of the drainage system that extends from the end ofthe building drain and conveys the discharge to a public sewer, private sewer, individual sewage disposal system or other point of disposal. Combined. A building sewer that conveys both sewage and storm water or other drainage. Sanitary. A building sewer that conveys sewage only. Storm. A building sewer that conveys storm water or other drainage, but not sewage. 2.2

COMBINATION WASTE AND VENT SYSTEM. A specially designed system ofwaste piping embodying the horizontal wet venting ofone or more sinks or floor drains by means of a common waste and vent pipe adequately sized to provide free movement of air above the flow line of the drain. COMBINED BUILDING DRAIN. See "Building drain, combined." COMBINED BUILDING SEWER. See "Building sewer, combined." COMMON VENT. A vent connecting at the junction of two fixture drains or to a fixture branch and serving as a vent for both fixtures. CONCEALED FOULING SURFACE. Any surface of a plumbing fixture which is not readily visible and is not scoured or cleansed with each fixture operation. CONDUCTOR. A pipe inside the building that conveys storm water from the roof to a storm or combined building drain. CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS. All of the written, graphic and pictorial documents prepared or assembled for describing the design, location and physical characteristics of the elements of the project necessary for obtaining a building permit. The construction drawings shall be drawn to an appropriate scale. CONTAMINATION. An impairment of the quality of the potable water that creates an actual hazard to the public health through poisoning or through the spread of disease by sewage, industrial fluids or waste. 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

DEFINITIONS



CRITICAL LEVEL (C-L). An elevation (height) reference point that determines the minimum height at which a backflow preventer or vacuum breaker is installed above the flood level rim of the fixture or receptor served by the device. The critical level is the elevation level below which there is a potential for backflow to occur. If the critical level marking is not indicated on the device, the bottom ofthe device shall constitute the critical level.

II



EMERGENCY FLOOR DRAIN. A floor drain that does not receive the discharge of any drain or indirect waste pipe, and that protects against damage from accidental spills, fixture overflows and leakage.

CROSS CONNECTION.Any physical connection or arrangement between two otherwise separate piping systems, one of which contains potable water and the other either water of unknown or questionable safety or steam, gas or chemical, whereby there exists the possibility for flow from one system to the other, with the direction of flow depending on the pressure differential between the two systems (see "Backflow").

ESSENTIALLY NONTOXIC TRANSFER FLUIDS. Fluids having a Gosselin rating of I, including propylene glycol; mineral oil; polydimethylsiloxane; hydrochlorofluoro-carbon, chlorofluorocarbon and carbon refrigerants; and FDA-approved boiler water additives for steam boilers.

DEAD END. A branch leading from a soil, waste or vent pipe; a building drain; or a building sewer, and terminating at a developed length of 2 feet (610 mm) or more by means of a plug, cap or other closed fitting.

ESSENTIALLY TOXIC TRANSFER FLUIDS. Soil, waste or gray water and fluids having a Gosselin rating of 2 or more including ethylene glycol, hydrocarbon oils, ammonia refrigerants and hydrazine.

DEPTH OF WATER SEAL. The depth of water that would have to be removed from a full trap before air could pass through the trap.

EXISTING INSTALLATIONS. Any plumbing system regulated by this code that was legally installed prior to the effective date of this code, or for which a permit to install has been issued.

DESIGN FLOOD ELEVATION. See Section 309.1. DEVELOPED LENGTH. The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of the pipe and fittings. DISCHARGE PIPE. A pipe that conveys the discharges from plumbing fixtures or appliances. DRAIN. Any pipe that carries wastewater or water-borne wastes in a building drainage system. DRAINAGE FITTINGS. Type of fitting or fittings utilized in the drainage system. Drainage fittings are similar to cast-iron fittings, except that instead of having a bell and spigot, drainage fittings are recessed and tapped to eliminate ridges on the inside of the installed pipe. DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNIT Drainage (dfu). A measure of the probable discharge into the drainage system by various types of plumbing fixtures. The drainage fixture-unit value for a particular fixture depends on its volume rate of drainage discharge, on the time duration ofa single drainage operation and on the average time between successive operations. DRAINAGE SYSTEM. Piping within a public or private premise that conveys sewage, rainwater or other liquid wastes to a point of disposal. A drainage system does not include the mains of a public sewer system or a private or public sewage treatment or disposal plant. Building gravity. A drainage system that drains by gravity into the building sewer.



lar, the diameter of a circle of equivalent cross-sectional area. For faucets and similar fittings, the effective opening shall be measured at the smallest orifice in the fitting body or in the supply piping to the fitting.

Sanitary. A drainage system that carries sewage and excludes storm, surface and ground water. Storm. A drainage system that carries rainwater, surface water, subsurface water and similar liquid wastes. EFFECTIVE OPENING The minimum cross-sectional area at the point of water supply discharge, measured or expressed in terms ofthe diameterofa circle or, ifthe opening is not circu2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

FAUCET. A valve end of a water pipe through which water is drawn from or held within the pipe. FILL VALVE. A water supply valve, opened or closed by means of a float or similar device, utilized to supply water to a tank. An antisiphon fill valve contains an antisiphon device in the form of an approved air gap or vacuum breaker that is an integral part of the fill valve unit and that is positioned on the discharge side of the water supply control valve. FIXTURE. See "Plumbing fixture." FIXTURE BRANCH. A drain serving two or more fixtures that discharges to another drain or to a stack. FIXTURE DRAIN. The drain from the trap of a fixture to a junction with any other drain pipe. FIXTURE FITTING Supply fitting. A fitting that controls the volume and/or directional flow ofwater and is either attached to or accessible from a fixture, or is used with an open or atmospheric discharge. Waste fitting. A combination of components that conveys the sanitary waste from the outlet of a fixture to the connection to the sanitary drainage system. FIXTURE SUPPLY. The water supply pipe connecting a fixture to a branch water supply pipe or directly to a main water supply pipe. FLOOD LEVEL RIM. The edge ofthe receptacle from which water overflows.

II

FLOOD HAZARD AREA. See Section 309.1. FLOW CONTROL (Vented). A device installed upstream from the interceptor having an orifice that controls the rate of flow through the interceptor and an air intake (vent) down2.3

DEFINITIONS

stream from the orifice that allows air to be drawn into the flow stream.

pool or mechanical treatment, designed for utilization apart from a public sewer to serve a single establishment or building.

FLOW PRESSURE. The pressure in the water supply pipe near the faucet or water outlet while the faucet or water outlet is wide open and flowing.

INDIVIDUAL VENT. A pipe installed to vent a fixture trap and connects with the vent system above the fixture served or terminates in the open air.

FLUSH TANK. A tank designed with a fill valve and flush valve to flush the contents of the bowl or usable portion of the fixture.

INDIVIDUAL WATER SUPPLY. A water supply that serves one or more families, and that is not an approved public water supply.

FLUSHOMETER TANK. A device integrated within an air accumulator vessel that is designed to discharge a predetermined quantity of water to fixtures for flushing purposes.

INTERCEPTOR. A device designed and installed to separate and retain for removal, by automatic or manual means, deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from normal wastes, while permitting normal sewage or wastes to discharge into the drainage system by gravity.

FLUSHOMETER VALVE. A valve attached to a pressurized water supply pipe and so designed that when activated it opens the line for direct flow into the fixture at a rate and quantity to operate the fixture properly, and then gradually closes to reseal fixture traps and avoid water hammer. GREASE INTERCEPTOR. An interceptor whose rated flow exceeds 50 gpm or has a minimum storage capacity of750 gallons or more and is located outside the building.

II

JOINT Expansion. A loop, return bend or return offset that provides for the expansion and contraction in a piping system and is utilized in tall buildings or where there is a rapid change oftemperature, as in power plants, steam rooms and similar occupancies.

GREASE-LADEN WASTE. Effluent discharge that is produced from food processing, food preparation or other sources where grease, fats and oils enter automatic dishwater prerinse stations, sinks or other appurtenances.

Flexible. Any joint between two pipes that permits one pipe to be deflected or moved without movement or deflection of the other pipe.

GREASE REMOVAL DEVICE, AUTOMATIC (GRD). A plumbing appurtenance that is installed in the sanitary drainage system to intercept free-floating fats, oils and grease from wastewater discharge. Such a device operates on a time- or event-controlled basis and has the ability to remove free-floating fats, oils and grease automatically without intervention from the user except for maintenance.

Slip. A type ofjoint made by means of a washer or a special type ofpacking compound in which one pipe is slipped into the end of an adjacent pipe.

GREASE TRAP. An interceptor whose rated flow is 50 gpm or less and is located inside the building. GRIDDED WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. A water distribution system where every water distribution pipe is interconnected so as to provide two or more paths to each fixture supply pipe.

HANGERS. See "Supports." HORIZONTAL BRANCH DRAIN. A drainage branch pipe extending laterally from a soil or waste stack or building drain, with or without vertical sections or branches, that receives the discharge from two or more fixture drains or branches and conducts the discharge to the soil or waste stack or to the building drain. HORIZONTAL PIPE. Any pipe or fitting that makes an angle of less than 45 degrees (0.79 rad) with the horizontal. HOT WATER. Water at a temperature greater than or equal to 1100P (43°C). HOUSE TRAP. See "Building trap." INDIRECT WASTE PIPE. A waste pipe that does not connect directly with the drainage system, but that discharges into the drainage system through an air break or air gap into a trap, fixture, receptor or interceptor. INDIVIDUAL SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM. A system for disposal ofdomestic sewage by means ofa septic tank,cess2.4

Mechanical. See "Mechanical joint."

LEAD-FREE PIPE AND FITTINGS. Containing not more than 8.0-percent lead. LEAD-FREE SOLDER AND FLUX. Containing not more than 0.2-percent lead. LEADER. An exterior drainage pipe for conveying storm water from roof or gutter drains to an approved means of disposal. LOCAL VENT STACK. A vertical pipe to which connections are made from the fixture side oftraps and through which vapor or foul air is removed from the fixture or device utilized on bedpan washers. MACERATING TOILET SYSTEMS. An assembly consisting of a water closet and sump with a macerating pump that is designed to collect, grind and pump wastes from the water closet and up to two other fixtures connected to the sump. MAIN. The principal pipe artery to which branches are connected. MANIFOLD. See "Plumbing appurtenance." MECHANICAL JOINT. A connection between pipes, fittings, or pipes and fittings that is not screwed, caulked, threaded, soldered, solvent cemented, brazed or welded. A joint in which compression is applied along the centerline of the pieces beingjoined. In some applications, the joint is part of a coupling, fitting or adapter. MEDICAL GAS SYSTEM. The complete system to convey medical gases for direct patient application from central supply systems (bulk tanks, manifolds and medical air compressors), with pressure and operating controls, alarm warning systems, 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

DEFINITIONS

related components and piping networks extending to station outlet valves at patient use points.

respective connections, devices and appurtenances within a structure or premises.

MEDICAL VACUUM SYSTEMS. A system consisting of central-vacuum-producing equipment with pressure and operating controls, shutoff valves, alarm-warning systems, gauges and a network ofpiping extending to and terminating with suitable station inlets at locations where patient suction may be required.

POLLUTION. An impairment of the quality of the potable water to a degree that does not create a hazard to the public health but that does adversely and unreasonably affect the aesthetic qualities of such potable water for domestic use.

NONPOTABLE WATER. Water not safe for drinking, personal or culinary utilization. NUISANCE. Public nuisance as known in common law or in equity jurisprudence; whatever is dangerous to human life or detrimental to health; whatever structure or premises is not sufficiently ventilated, sewered, drained, cleaned or lighted, with respect to its intended occupancy; and whatever renders the air, or human food, drink or water supply unwholesome. OCCUPANCY. The purpose for which a building or portion thereof is utilized or occupied. OFFSET. A combination of approved bends that makes two changes in direction bringing one section ofthe pipe out ofline but into a line parallel with the other section. OPEN AIR. Outside the structure. PLUMBING The practice, materials and fixtures utilized in the installation, maintenance, extension and alteration of all piping, fixtures, plumbing appliances and plumbing appurtenances, within or adjacent to any structure, in connection with sanitary drainage or storm drainage facilities; venting systems; and public or private water supply systems. PLUMBING APPLIANCE. Anyone of a special class of plumbing fixtures intended to perform a special function. Included are fixtures having the operation or control dependent on one or more energized components, such as motors, controls, heating elements, or pressure- or temperature-sensing elements. Such fixtures are manually adjusted or controlled by the owner or operator, or are operated automatically through one or more of the following actions: a time cycle, a temperature range, a pressure range, a measured volume or weight. PLUMBING APPURTENANCE. A manufactured device, prefabricated assembly or an on-the-job assembly of component parts that is an adjunct to the basic piping system and plumbing fixtures. An appurtenance demands no additional water supply and does not add any discharge load to a fixture or to the drainage system.



PLUMBING FIXTURE. A receptacle or device that is either permanently or temporarily connected to the water distribution system of the premises and demands a supply of water therefrom; discharges wastewater, liquid-borne waste materials or sewage either directly or indirectly to the drainage system of the premises; or requires both a water supply connection and a discharge to the drainage system of the premises. PLUMBING SYSTEM. Includes the water supply and distribution pipes; plumbing fixtures and traps; water-treating or water-using equipment; soil, waste and vent pipes; and sanitary and storm sewers and building drains; in addition to their 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

POTABLE WATER. Water free from impurities present in amounts sufficient to cause disease or harmful physiological effects and conforming to the bacteriological and chemical quality requirements of the Public Health Service Drinking Water Standards or the regulations of the public health authority having jurisdiction. PRIVATE. In the classification ofplumbing fixtures, "private" applies to fixtures in residences and apartments, and to fixtures in nonpublic toilet rooms of hotels and motels and similar installations in buildings where the plumbing fixtures are intended for utilization by a family or an individual. PUBLIC OR PUBLIC UTILIZATION. In the classification ofplumbing fixtures, "public" applies to fixtures in general toilet rooms of schools, gymnasiums, hotels, airports, bus and railroad stations, public buildings, bars, public comfort stations, office buildings, stadiums, stores, restaurants and other installations where a number of fixtures are installed so that their utilization is similarly unrestricted. PUBLIC WATER MAIN. A water supply pipe for public utilization controlled by public authority. QUICK-CLOSING VALVE. A valve or faucet that closes automatically when released manually or that is controlled by a mechanical means for fast-action closing. READY ACCESS. That which enables a fixture, appliance or equipment to be directly reached without requiring the removal or movement of any panel, door or similar obstruction and without the use ofa portable ladder, step stool or similar device. RECLAIMED WATER. Water that has received treatment and is reused after flowing out of a domestic wastewater treatment facility. REDUCED PRESSURE PRINCIPLE BACKFLOW PREVENTER. A backflow prevention device consisting of two independently acting check valves, internally force-loaded to a normally closed position and separated by an intermediate chamber (or zone) in which there is an automatic relief means of venting to the atmosphere, internally loaded to a normally open position between two tightly closing shutoff valves and with a means for testing for tightness ofthe checks and opening of the relief means. REGISTERED DESIGN PROFESSIONAL. An individual who is registered or licensed to practice professional architecture or engineering as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed. RELIEF VALVE Pressure relief valve. A pressure-actuated valve held closed by a spring or other means and designed to relieve pressure automatically at the pressure at which such valve is set. 2.5

DEFINITIONS

Temperature and pressure relief (T&P) valve. A combination relief valve designed to function as both a temperature relief and a pressure relief valve.

STACK VENTING A method of venting a fixture or fixtures through the soil or waste stack.

Temperature relief valve. A temperature-actuated valve designed to discharge automatically at the temperature at which such valve is set.

Boiling type. A boiling-type sterilizer is a fixture of a nonpressure type utilized for boiling instruments, utensils or other equipment for disinfection. These devices are portable or are connected to the plumbing system.

RELIEF VENT. A vent whose primary function is to provide circulation of air between drainage and vent systems.

II

REUSE. The deliberate application of reclaimed water for beneficial purposes. RIM. An unobstructed open edge of a fixture. RISER. See "Water pipe, riser." ROOF DRAIN. A drain installed to receive water collecting on the surface ofa roofand to discharge such water into a leader or a conductor. ROUGH-IN. Parts of the plumbing system that are installed prior to the installation of fixtures. This includes drainage, water supply, vent piping and the necessary fixture supports and any fixtures that are built into the structure. SELF-CLOSING FAUCET. A faucet containing a valve that automatically closes upon deactivation ofthe opening means. SEPARATOR. See "Interceptor." SEWAGE. Any liquid waste containing animal or vegetable matter in suspension or solution, including liquids containing chemicals in solution. SEWAGE EJECTORS. A device for lifting sewage by entraining the sewage in a high-velocity jet of steam, air or water. SEWER Building sewer. See "Building sewer." Public sewer. A common sewer directly controlled by public authority.

STERILIZER

Instrument. A device for the sterilization ofvarious instruments. Pressure (autoclave). A pressure vessel fixture designed to utilize steam under pressure for sterilizing. Pressure instrument washer sterilizer. A pressure instrument washer sterilizer is a pressure vessel fixture designed to both wash and sterilize instruments during the operating cycle of the fixture. Utensil. A device for the sterilization of utensils as utilized in health care services. Water. A water sterilizer is a device for sterilizing water and storing sterile water. STERILIZER VENT. A separate pipe or stack, indirectly connected to the building drainage system at the lower terminal, that receives the vapors from nonpressure sterilizers, or the exhaust vapors from pressure sterilizers, and conducts the vapors directly to the open air. Also called vapor, steam, atmo. spheric or exhaust vent. STORM DRAIN. See "Drainage system, storm." STRUCTURE. That which is built or constructed or a portion thereof. SUBSOIL DRAIN. A drain that collects subsurface water or seepage water and conveys such water to a place of disposal. SUMP. A tank or pit that receives sewage or liquid waste, located below the normal grade of the gravity system and that must be emptied by mechanical means.

Sanitary sewer. A sewer that carries sewage and excludes storm, surface and ground water.

SUMP PUMP. An automatic water pump powered by an electric motor for the removal of drainage, except raw sewage, from a sump, pit or low point.

Storm sewer. A sewer that conveys rainwater, surface water, subsurface water and similar liquid wastes.

SUMP VENT. A vent from pneumatic sewage ej ectors, or similar equipment, that terminates separately to the open air.

SLOPE. The fall (pitch) of a line of pipe in reference to a horizontal plane. In drainage, the slope is expressed as the fall in units vertical per units horizontal (percent) for a length ofpipe.

SUPPORTS. Devices for supporting and securing pipe, fixtures and equipment.

SOIL PIPE. A pipe that conveys sewage containing fecal matter to the building drain or building sewer. SPILLPROOF VACUUM BREAKER. An assembly consisting of one check valve force-loaded closed and an air-inlet vent valve force-loaded open to atmosphere, positioned downstream of the check valve, and located between and including two tightly closing shutoff valves and a test cock. STACK. A general term for any vertical line of soil, waste, vent or inside conductor piping that extends through at least one story with or without offsets. STACK VENT. The extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected to the stack. 2.6

SWIMMING POOL. Any structure, basin, chamber or tank containing an artificial body of water for swimming, diving or recreational bathing having a depth of 2 feet (610 mm) or more at any point. TEMPERED WATER. Water having a temperature range between 85°F (29°C) and 110°F (43 °C). THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION AGENCY. An approved agency operating a product or material certification sytem that incorporates initial product testing, assessment and surveillance of a manufacturer's quality control system. THIRD-PARTY CERTIFIED. Certification obtained by the manufacturer indicating that the function and performance characteristics of a product or material have been determined 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

DEFINITIONS

by testing and ongoing surveillance by an approved third-party certification agency. Assertion of certification is in the form of identification in accordance with the requirements of the third-party certification agency.

THIRD-PARTY TESTED. Procedure by which an approved testing laboratory provides documentation that a product, material or system conforms to specified requirements. TRAP. A fitting or device that provides a liquid seal to prevent the emission of sewer gases without materially affecting the flow of sewage or wastewater through the trap. TRAP SEAL. The vertical distance between the weir and the top of the dip of the trap. UNSTABLE GROUND. Earth that does not provide a uniform bearing for the barrel ofthe sewer pipe between the joints at the bottom of the pipe trench. VACUUM. Any pressure less than that exerted by the atmosphere. VACUUM BREAKER. A type of backflow preventer installed on openings subject to normal atmospheric pressure that prevents backflow by admitting atmospheric pressure through ports to the discharge side of the device. VENT PIPE. See "Vent system." VENT STACK. A vertical vent pipe installed primarily for the purpose of providing circulation of air to and from any part of the drainage system.

WATER PIPE Riser. A water supply pipe that extends one full story or more to convey water to branches or to a group offixtures. Water distribution pipe. A pipe within the structure or on the premises that conveys water from the water service pipe, or from the meter when the meter is at the structure, to the points of utilization. Water service pipe. The pipe from the water main or other source of potable water supply, or from the meter when the meter is at the public right of way, to the water distribution system of the building served.

WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM. The water service pipe, water distribution pipes, and the necessary connecting pipes, fittings, control valves and all appurtenances in or adjacent to the structure or premises. WELL Bored. A well constructed by boring a hole in the ground with an auger and installing a casing. Drilled. A well constructed by making a hole in the ground with a drilling machine ofany type and installing casing and screen. Driven. A well constructed by driving a pipe in the ground. The drive pipe is usually fitted with a well point and screen. Dug. A well constructed by excavating a large-diameter shaft and installing a casing.

VENT SYSTEM. A pipe or pipes installed to provide a flow of air to or from a drainage system, or to provide a circulation of air within such system to protect trap seals from siphonage and backpressure.

WHIRLPOOL BATHTUB. A plumbing appliance consisting ofa bathtub fixture that is equipped and fitted with a circulating piping system designed to accept, circulate and discharge bathtub water upon each use.

VERTICAL PIPE. Any pipe or fitting that makes an angle of 45 degrees (0.79 rad) or more with the horizontal.

YOKE VENT. A pipe connecting upward from a soil or waste stack to a vent stack for the purpose of preventing pressure changes in the stacks.

WALL-HUNG WATER CLOSET. A wall-mounted water closet installed in such a way that the fixture does not touch the floor. WASTE. The discharge from any fixture, appliance, area or appurtenance that does not contain fecal matter. WASTE PIPE. A pipe that conveys only waste. WATER-HAMMER ARRESTOR. A device utilized to absorb the pressure surge (water hammer) that occurs when water flow is suddenly stopped in a water supply system. WATER HEATER. Any heating appliance or equipment that heats potable water and supplies such water to the potable hot water distribution system. WATER MAIN. A water supply pipe or system of pipes, installed and maintained by a city, township, county, public utility company or other public entity, on public property, in the street or in an approved dedicated easement of public or community use. WATER OUTLET. A discharge opening through which water is supplied to a fixture, into the atmosphere (except into an open tank that is part of the water supply system), to a boiler or heating system, or to any devices or equipment requiring water to operate but which are not part of the plumbing system. 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

2.7





2.8

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

CHAPTER 3

GENERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 301 GENERAL 301.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the general regulations regarding the installation of plumbing not specific to other chapters. 301.2 System installation. Plumbing shall be installed with due regard to preservation of the strength of structural members and prevention of damage to walls and other surfaces through fixture usage. 301.3 Connections to the sanitary drainage system. All plumbing fixtures, drains, appurtenances and appliances used to receive or discharge liquid wastes or sewage shall be directly connected to the sanitary drainage system of the building or premises, in accordance with the requirements of this code. This section shall not be construed to prevent the indirect waste systems required by Chapter 8. 301.4 Connections to water supply. Every plumbing fixture, device or appliance requiring or using water for its proper operation shall be directly or indirectly connected to the water supply system in accordance with the provisions of this code. 301.5 Pipe, tube and fitting sizes. Unless otherwise specified, the pipe, tube and fitting sizes specified in this code are expressed in nominal or standard sizes as designated in the referenced material standards. 301.6 Prohibited locations. Plumbing systems shall not be located in an elevator shaft or in an elevator equipment room.

Exception: Floor drains, sumps and sump pumps shall be permitted at the base ofthe shaft provided they are indirectly connected to the plumbing system. 301.7 Conflicts. Where conflicts between this code and the conditions of the listing or the manufacturer's installation instructions occur, the provisions of this code apply.

Exception: Where a code provision is less restrictive than the conditions ofthe listing ofthe equipment or appliance or the manufacturer's installation instructions, the conditions of the listing and manufacturer's installation instructions shall apply. SECTION 302 EXCLUSION OF MATERIALS DETRIMENTAL TO THE SEWER SYSTEM 302.1 Detrimental or dangerous materials. Ashes, cinders or rags; flammable, poisonous or explosive liquids or gases; oil, grease or any other insoluble material capable of obstructing, damaging or overloading the building drainage or sewer system, or capable of interfering with the normal operation of the sewage treatment processes, shall not be deposited, by any means, into such systems. 302.2 Industrial wastes. Waste products from manufacturing or industrial operations shall not be introduced into the public 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

sewer until it has been determined by the code official or other authority having jurisdiction that the introduction thereof will not damage the public sewer system or interfere with the functioning of the sewage treatment plant.

SECTION 303 MATERIALS 303.1 Identification. Each length ofpipe and each pipe fitting, trap, fixture, material and device utilized in a plumbing system shall bear the identification of the manufacturer. 303.2 Installation of materials. All materials used shall be installed in strict accordance with the standards under which the materials are accepted and approved. In the absence of such installation procedures, the manufacturer's installation instructions shall be followed. Where the requirements of referenced standards or manufacturer's installation instructions do not conform to minimum provisions of this code, the provisions of this code shall apply. 303.3 Plastic pipe, fittings and components. All plastic pipe, fittings and components shall be third-party certified as conforming to NSF 14. 303.4 Third-party testing and certification. All plumbing products and materials shall comply with the referenced standards, specifications and performance criteria of this code and shall be identified in accordance with Section 303.1. When required by Table 303.4, plumbing products and materials shall either be tested by an approved third-party testing agency or certified by an approved third-party certification agency.

SECTION 304 RODENTPROOFING 304.1 General. Plumbing systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Sections 304.2 through 304.4 to prevent rodents from entering structures. 304.2 Strainer plates. All strainer plates on drain inlets shall be designed and installed so that all openings are not greater than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) in least dimension. 304.3 Meter boxes. Meter boxes shall be constructed in such a manner that rodents are prevented from entering a structure by way of the water service pipes connecting the meter box and the structure. 304.4 Openings for pipes. In or on structures where openings have been made in walls, floors or ceilings for the passage of pipes, such openings shall be closed and protected by the installation ofapproved metal collars that are securely fastened to the adjoining structure. 3.1

GENERAL REGULATIONS

TABLE 303.4 PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS REQUIRING THIRD-PARTY TESTING AND THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION PRODUCT OR MATERIAL

THIRD-PARTY CERTIFIED

Potable water supply system components and potable water fixture fittings

Required

THIRD-PARTY TESTED -

Sanitary drainage and vent system components

Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-related components

All others

Waste fixture fittings

Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-related components

All others

Storm drainage system components

Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-related components

All others

-

Required

Plumbing appliances

Required

-

Backflow prevention devices

Required

-

Water distribution system safety devices

Required

-

Plumbing fixtures

Special waste system components

-

Required

Subsoil drainage system components

-

Required

SECTION 305 PROTECTION OF PIPES AND PLUMBING SYSTEM COMPONENTS

305.1 Corrosion. Pipes passing through concrete or cinder walls and floors or other corrosive material shall be protected against external corrosion by a protective sheathing or wrapping or other means that will withstand any reaction from lime and acid of concrete, cinder or other corrosive material. Sheathing or wrapping shall allow for expansion and contraction of piping to prevent any rubbing action. Minimum wall thickness of material shall be 0.025 inch (0.64 mm). Exception: Sleeving is not required for installation of CPVC into concrete or similar material.

II

305.2 Breakage. Pipes passing through or under walls shall be protected from breakage. 305.3 Stress and strain. Piping in a plumbing system shall be installed so as to prevent strains and stresses that exceed the structural strength of the pipe. Where necessary, provisions shall be made to protect piping from damage resulting from expansion, contraction and structural settlement. 305.4 Sleeves. Annular spaces between sleeves and pipes shall be filled or tightly caulked in an approved manner. Annular spaces between sleeves and pipes in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be filled or tightly caulked in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building. 305.5 Pipes through or under footings or foundation walls. Any pipe that passes under a footing or through a foundation wall shall be provided with a relieving arch, or a pipe sleeve pipe shall be built into the foundation wall. The sleeve shall be two pipe sizes greater than the pipe passing through the wall. 305.6 Freezing. Where the design temperature is less than 32°F (O°C), a water, soil or waste pipe shall notbe installed outside of a building, in attics or crawl spaces, or be concealed in outside walls in any location subjected to freezing temperatures unless an adequate provision is made to protect it from freezing by insulation or heat or both. Water service pipe shall 3.2



be installed not less than 12 inches (305 mm) deep or less than 6 inches (152 mm) below the frost line.

305.6.1 Sewer depth. Reserved. 305.7 Waterproofing of openings. Joints at the roof and around vent pipes, shall be made water tight by the use of lead, copper, galvanized steel, aluminum, plastic or other approved flashings or flashing material. Exterior wall openings shall be made water tight. 305.8 Protection against physical damage. In concealed locations where piping, other than cast-iron or galvanized steel, is installed through holes or notches in studs, joists, rafters or similar members less than 1.5 inches (38 mm) from the nearest edge of the member, the pipe shall be protected by shield plates. Protective shield plates shall be a minimum of O.062-inch-thick (1.6 mm) steel, shall cover the area ofthe pipe where the member is notched or bored, and shall extend a minimum of 2 inches (51 mm) above sale plates and below top plates.



305.9 Protection of components of plumbing system. Components of a plumbing system installed along alleyways, driveways, parking garages or other locations exposed to damage shall be recessed into the wall or otherwise protected in an approved manner.

SECTION 306 TRENCHING, EXCAVATION AND BACKFILL

306.1 Support of piping. Buried piping shall be supported throughout its entire length. 306.2 Trenching and bedding. Where trenches are excavated such that the bottom of the trench forms the bed for the pipe, solid and continuous load-bearing support shall be provided between joints. Bell holes, hub holes and coupling holes shall be provided at points where the pipe is joined. Such pipe shall not be supported on blocks to grade. In instances where the materials manufacturer's installation instructions are more restrictive than those prescribed by the code, the material shall 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING



GENERAL REGULATIONS



be installed in accordance with the more restrictive requirement.

306.2.1 Overexcavation. Where trenches are excavated below the installation level of the pipe such that the bottom of the trench does not form the bed for the pipe, the trench shall be backfilled to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with sand or fine gravel placed in layers of 6 inches (152 mm) maximum depth and such backfill shall be compacted after each placement. 306.2.2 Rock removal. Where rock is encountered in trenching, the rock shall be removed to a minimum of 3 inches (76 mm) below the installation level ofthe bottom of the pipe, and the trench shall be backfilled to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with sand tamped in place so as to provide uniform load-bearing support for the pipe between joints. The pipe, including the joints, shall not rest on rock at any point.



306.2.3 Soft load-bearing materials. If soft materials of poor load-bearing quality are found at the bottom of the trench, stabilization shall be achieved by overexcavating a minimum of two pipe diameters and backfilling to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with fine gravel, crushed stone or a concrete foundation. The concrete foundation shall be bedded with sand tamped into place so as to provide uniform load-bearing support for the pipe between joints. 306.3 Backfilling. Backfill shall be free from discarded construction material and debris. Loose earth free from rocks, broken concrete and frozen chunks shall be placed in the trench in 6-inch (152 mm) layers and tamped in place until the crown of the pipe is covered by 12 inches (305 mm) oftamped earth. The backfill under and beside the pipe shall be compacted for pipe support. Backfill shall be brought up evenly on both sides of the pipe so that the pipe remains aligned. In instances where the manufacturer's installation instructions for materials are more restrictive than those prescribed by the code, the material shall be installed in accordance with the more restrictive requirement. 306.4 Tunneling. Where pipe is to be installed by tunneling, jacking or a combination of both, the pipe shall be protected from damage during installation and from subsequent uneven loading. Where earth tunnels are used, adequate supporting structures shall be provided to prevent future settling or caving.

307.3 Penetrations of floor/ceiling assemblies and fire-resistance-rated assemblies. Penetrations of floor/ceiling assemblies and assemblies required to have a fire-resistance rating shall be protected in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building. [B] 307.4 Alterations to trusses. Truss members and components shall not be cut, drilled, notched, spliced or otherwise altered in any way without written concurrence and approval of a registered design professional. Alterations resulting in the addition ofloads to any member (e.g., HVAC equipment, water heater) shall not be permitted without verification that the truss is capable of supporting such additional loading. 307.5 Trench location. Trenches installed parallel to footings shall not extend below the 45-degree (0.79 rad) bearing plane of the footing or wall. 307.6 Piping materials exposed within plenums. All piping materials exposed within plenums shall comply with the provisions of the Florida Building Code, Mechanical.

SECTION 308 PIPING SUPPORT

308.1 General. All plumbing piping shall be supported in accordance with this section.

II

308.2 Piping seismic supports. Reserved. 308.3 Materials. Hangers, anchors and supports shall support the piping and the contents of the piping. Hangers and strapping material shall be of approved material that will not promote galvanic action. 308.4 Structural attachment. Hangers and anchors shall be attached to the building construction in an approved manner. 308.5 Interval of support. Pipe shall be supported in accordance with Table 308.5. Exception: The interval of support for piping systems designed to provide for expansion/contraction shall confonn to the engineered design in accordance with Section 105.4. 308.6 Sway bracing. Rigid support sway bracing shall be provided at changes in direction greater than 45 degrees (0.79 rad) for pipe sizes 4 inches (102 mm) and larger. 308.7 Anchorage. Anchorage shall be provided to restrain drainage piping from axial movement.

SECTION 307 STRUCTURAL SAFETY



307.1 General. In the process ofinstalling or repairing any part of a plumbing and drainage installation, the finished floors, walls, ceilings, tile work or any other part of the building or premises that must be changed or replaced shall be left in a safe structural condition in accordance with the requirements ofthe Florida Building Code, Building. 307.2 Cutting, notching or bored holes. A framing member shall not be cut, notched or bored in excess oflimitations specified in the Florida Building Code, Building.

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

308.7.1 Location. For pipe sizes greater than 4 inches (102 rom), restraints shall be provided for drain pipes at all

changes in direction and at all changes in diameter greater than two pipe sizes. Braces, blocks, rodding and other suitable methods as specified by the coupling manufacturer shall be utilized.

308.8 Expansion joint fittings. Expansion joint fittings shall be used only where necessary to provide for expansion and contraction ofthe pipes. Expansionjoint fittings shall be ofthe typical material suitable for use with the type ofpiping in which such fittings are installed.

3.3

GENERAL REGULATIONS

TABLE 308.5 HANGER SPACING

SECTION 309 FLOOD HAZARD RESISTANCE

MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL SPACING (feet)

MAXIMUM VERTICAL SPACING (feet)

ABS pipe

4

lOb

Aluminum tubing

10

15

309.1 Flood plain management construction standards. This code specifically defers to the authority granted to local government by Title 44 CFR, Sections 59 and 60. This code is not intended to supplant or supercede local ordinances adopted pursuant to that authority, nor are local floodplain management ordinances to be deemed amendments to the code.

Brass pipe

10

10

[B) 309.2 Flood hazard. Reserved.

Cast-iron pipe

5a

15

Copper or copper-alloy pipe

12

10

[B) 309.3 Flood! hazard areas subject to high-velocity wave action. Reserved.

Copper or copper-alloy tubing, 11/ 4 -inch diameter and smaller

6

10

Copper or copper-alloy tubing, 11/ 2- inch diameter and larger

10

10

Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipe

2.67 (32 inches)

lOb

Cross-linked polyethylene/ aluminum!cross-linked polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) pipe

2.67 (32 inches)

4

CPVC pipe or tubing, 1 inch and smaller

3

lOb

CPVC pipe or tubing, 1 1/4 inches and larger

4

lOb

Steel pipe

12

15

Lead pipe

Continuous

4

PH pipe or tubing

2.67 (32 inches)

4

Polyethylene/aluminum! polyethylene (PE-AL-PE) pipe

2.67 (32 inches)

4

2.67 (32 inches)

lOb

Polypropylene (PP) pipe or tubing, 11/ 4 inches and larger

4

lOb

PVC pipe

4

lOb

Stainless steel drainage systems

10

lOb

PIPING MATERIAL

Polypropylene (PP) pipe or tubing 1 inch and smaller

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm. a. The maximum horizontal spacing of cast-iron pipe hangers shall be increased to 10 feet where lO-foot lengths of pipe are installed. b. Midstory guide for sizes 2 inches and smaller.

308.9 Parallel water distribution systems. Piping bundles for manifold systems shall be supported in accordance with Table 308.5. Support at changes in direction shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Hot and cold water piping shall not be grouped in the same bundle.

SECTION 310 WASHROOM AND TOILET ROOM REQUIREMENTS

310.1 Light arnd ventilation. Washrooms and toilet rooms shall be illuminated and ventilated in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building and Florida Building Code, Mechanical. 310.2 Location of fixtures and piping. Piping, fixtures or equipment shall not be located in such a manner as to interfere with the normal operation ofwindows, doors or other means of egress openings. 310.3 Interior finish. Interior finish surfaces of toilet rooms shall comply with the Florida Building Code, Building. 310.4 Water closet compartment. Each water closet utilized by the public or employees shall occupy a separate compartment with walls or partitions and a door enclosing the fixtures to ensure privacy.



Exceptions: 1. Water closet compartments shall not be required in a single-occupant toilet room with a lockable door. 2. Toilet rooms located in day care and child-care facilities and containing two or more water closets shall be permitted to have one water closet without an enclosing compartment.

310.5 Urinal partitions. Each urinal utilized by the public or employees shall occupy a separate area with walls or partitions to provide privacy. The construction of such walls or partitions shall incorporate waterproof, smooth, readily cleanable and nonabsorbent finish surfaces. The walls or partitions shall begin at a height not more than 12 inches (305 mm) from and extend not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the finished floor surface. The walls or partitions shall extend from the wall surface at each side of the urinal a minimum of 18 inches (457 mm) or to a point not less than 6 inches (152 mm) beyond the outermost front lip of the urinal measured from the finished back wall surface, whichever is greater. Exceptions: 1. Urinal partitions shall not be required in a single occupant or unisex toilet room with a lockable door. 2. Toilet rooms located in day care and child care facilities and containing two or more urinals shall be permitted to have one urinal without partitions.

3.4



2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING



GENERAL REGULATIONS

SECTION 311 TOILET FACILITIES FOR WORKERS 311.1 General. Toilet facilities shall be provided for construction workers and such facilities shall be maintained in a sanitary condition. Construction worker toilet facilities of the nonsewer type shall conform to ANSI Z4.3. SECTION 312 TESTS AND INSPECTIONS 312.1 Required tests. The permit holder shall make the applicable tests prescribed in Sections 312.2 through 312.9 to determine compliance with the provisions of this code. The permit holder shall give reasonable advance notice to the code official when the plumbing work is ready for tests. The equipment, material, power and labor necessary for the inspection and test shall be furnished by the permit holder and the permit holder shall be responsible for determining that the work will withstand the test pressure prescribed in the following tests. All plumbing system piping shall be tested with either water or, for piping systems other than plastic, by air. After the plumbing fixtures have been set and their traps filled with water, the entire drainage system shall be submitted to final tests. The code official shall require the removal of any cleanouts if necessary to ascertain whether the pressure has reached all parts of the system.

312.1.1 Test gauges. Gauges used for testing shall be as follows: 1. Tests requiring a pressure of 10 pounds per square inch (psi) (69 kPa) or less shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 0.10 psi (0.69 kPa) or less.

period of at least 15 minutes. Any adjustments to the test pressure required because of changes in ambient temperature or the seating of gaskets shall be made prior to the beginning of the test period. 312.4 Drainage and vent final test. The final test of the completed drainage and vent system shall be visual and in sufficient detail to determine compliance with the provisions ofthis code except that the plumbing shall be subjected to a smoke test where necessary for cause. Where the smoke test is utilized, it shall be made by filling all traps with water and then introducing into the entire system a pungent, thick smoke produced by one or more smoke machines. When the smoke appears at stack openings on the roof, the stack openings shall be closed and a pressure equivalent to a I-inch water column (248.8 Pa) shall be held for a test period of not less than 15 minutes. 312.5 Water supply system test. Upon completion of a section ofor the entire water supply system, the system, or portion completed, shall be tested and proved tight under a water pressure not less than the working pressure of the system; or, for piping systems other than plastic, by an air test of not less than 50 psi (344 kPa). The water utilized for tests shall be obtained from a potable source ofsupply. The required tests shall be performed in accordance with this section and Section 312 of this code. 312.6 Gravity sewer test. Gravity sewer tests shall consist of plugging the end of the building sewer at the point of connection with the public sewer, completely filling the building sewer with water from the lowest to the highest point thereof, and maintaining such pressure for 15 minutes. The building sewer shall be water tight at all points.

2. Tests requiring a pressure of greater than 10 psi (69 kPa) but less than or equal to 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 1 psi (6.9 kPa) or less.

312.7 Forced sewer test. Forced sewer tests shall consist of plugging the end of the building sewer at the point of connection with the public sewer and applying a pressure of5 psi (34.5 kPa) greater than the pump rating, and maintaining such pressure for 15 minutes.

3. Tests requiring a pressure ofgreater than 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 2 psi (14 kPa) or less.

312.8 Storm drainage system test. Storm drain systems within a building shall be tested by water or air in accordance with Section 312.2 or 312.3.

312.2 Drainage and vent water test. A water test shall be applied to the drainage system either in its entirety or in sections. If applied to the entire system, all openings in the piping shall be tightly closed, except the highest opening, and the system shall be filled with water to point ofoverflow. Ifthe system is tested in sections, each opening shall be tightly plugged except the highest openings of the section under test, and each section shall be filled with water, but no section shall be tested with less than a 5-foot (1524 mm) head ofwater. In testing successive sections, at least the upper 5 feet (1524 mm) ofthe next preceding section shall be tested so that no joint or pipe in the building, except the uppermost 5 feet (1524 mm) ofthe system, shall have been submitted to a test of less than a 5-foot (1524 mm) head of water. The water shall be kept in the system, or in the portion under test, for at least 15 minutes before inspection starts. The system shall then be tight at all points.

312.9 Inspection and testing of backflow prevention assemblies. Inspection and testing shall comply with Sections 312.9.1 and 312.9.2.

312.3 Drainage and vent air test. An air test shall be made by forcing air into the system until there is a uniform gauge pressure of 5 psi (34.5 kPa) or sufficient to balance a 10-inch (254 mm) column of mercury. This pressure shall be held for a test 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

312.9.1 Inspections. Inspections shall be made of all backflow prevention assemblies and air gaps to determine whether they are operable. 312.9.2 Testing. Reduced pressure principle backflow preventer assemblies, double check-valve assemblies, pressure vacuum breaker assemblies, reduced pressure detector fire protection backflow prevention assemblies, double check detector fire protection backflow prevention assemblies, hose connection backflow preventers, and spill-proof vacuum breakers shall be tested at the time of installation and immediately after repairs or relocation. The testing procedure shall be performed in accordance with one ofthe following standards: ASSE 5013, ASSE 5015, ASSE 5020, ASSE 5047, ASSE 5048, ASSE 5052, ASSE 5056, CSA B64.10 or CSA B64.10.1. 3.5

II

II

GENERAL REGULATIONS

SECTION 313 EQUIPMENT EFFICIENCIES

II

313.1 General. Equipment efficiencies shall be in accordance with Chapter 13, Florida Building Code, Building.

SECTION 314 CONDENSATE DISPOSAL

[M] 314.1 Fuel-burning appliances. Liquid combustion byproducts of condensing appliances shall be collected and discharged to an approved plumbing fixture or disposal area in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Condensate piping shall be of approved corrosion-resistant material and shall not be smaller than the drain connection on the appliance. Such piping shall maintain a minimum horizontal slope in the direction of discharge of not less than one-eighth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (I-percent slope). [M] 314.2 Evaporators and cooling coils. Condensate drain systems shall be provided for equipment and appliances containing evaporators or cooling coils. Condensate drain systems shall be designed, constructed and installed in accordance with Sections 314.2.1 through 314.2.4. [M] 314.2.1 Condensate disposal. Condensate from all cooling coils and evaporators shall be conveyed from the drain pan outlet to an approved place of disposal. Condensate shall not discharge into a street, alley or other areas so as to cause a nuisance. 314.2.2 Drain pipe materials and sizes. Components of the condensate disposal system shall be cast iron, galvanized steel, copper, cross-linked polyethylene, polybutylene, polyethylene, ABS, CPVC, or PVC pipe or tubing. All components shall be selected for the pressure and temperature rating ofthe installation. Condensate waste and drain line size shall not be less than %-inch (I9 mm) internal diameter and shall not decrease in size from the drain pan connection to the place of condensate disposal. Where the drain pipes from more than one unit are manifolded together for condensate drainage, the pipe or tubing shall be sized in accordance with an approved method. All horizontal sections of drain piping shall be installed in uniform alignment at a uniform slope.

Exception: On wall mounted ductless split units less than 36,00 I Btu/h where the drain line is less than 10 feet (3048 mm) in length, the factory drain outlet size shall be acceptable from the equipment to the place of disposal. [M] 314.2.3 Auxiliary and secondary drain systems. In addition to the requirements of Section 314.2.1, a secondary drain or auxiliary drain pan shall be required for each cooling or evaporator coil or fuel-fired appliance that produces condensate, where damage to any building components will occur as a result of overflow from the equipment drain pan or stoppage in the condensate drain piping. One of the following methods shall be used: 1. An auxiliary drain pan with a separate drain shall be provided under the coils on which condensation will occur. The auxiliary pan drain shall discharge to a 3.6

conspicuous point ofdisposal to alert occupants in the event ofa stoppage ofthe primary drain. The pan shall have a minimum depth of 1.5 inches (38 mm), shall not be less than 3 inches (76 mm) larger than the unit or the coil dimensions in width and length and shall be constructed of corrosion-resistant material. Metallic pans shall have a minimum thickness of not less than 0.0276-inch (0.7 mm) galvanized sheet metal. Nonmetallic pans shall have a minimum thickness of not less than 0.0625 inch (1.6 mm).



2. A separate overflow drain line shall be connected to the drain pan provided with the equipment. The overflow drain shall discharge to a conspicuous point of disposal to alert occupants in the event of a stoppage of the primary drain. The overflow drain line shall connect to the drain pan at a higher level than the primary drain connection. 3. An auxiliary drain pan without a separate drain line shall be provided under the coils on which condensate will occur. The pan shall be equipped with a water-level detection device conforming to UL 508 that will shut off the equipment served prior to overflow of the pan. The auxiliary drain pan shall be constructed in accordance with Item 1 of this section. 4. A water level detection device conforming to UL 508 shall be provided that will shut off the equipment served in the event that the primary drain is blocked. The device shall be installed in the primary drain line, the overflow drain line or in the equipment-supplied drain pan located at a point higher than the primary drain line connection and below the overflow rim of such pan.

_ •

Exception: Fuel-fired appliances that automatically shut down operation in the event of a stoppage in the condensate drainage system.

[M] 314.2.3.1 Water level monitoring devices. On downflow units and all other coils that have no secondary drain and no means to install an auxiliary drain pan, a water level monitoring device shall be installed inside the primary drain pan. This device shall shut off the equipment served in the event that the primary drain becomes restricted. Externally installed devices and devices installed in the drain line shall not be permitted. [M] 314.2.4 Traps. Condensate drains shall be trapped as required by the equipment or appliance manufacturer. 314.2.5 Pipe insulation. All horizontal primary condensate drains within unconditioned areas shall be insulated to prevent condensation from forming on the exterior of the drain pipe.

SECTION 315 PUBLIC FOOD SERVICE ESTABLISHMENTS AND FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS

315.1 Requirements. Public food service establishments and food establishments, as defined in Chapter 381 Florida Statutes, Chapter 500 Florida Statutes and Chapter 509 Florida 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

_ •

GENERAL REGULATIONS

Statutes, shall comply with the applicable code requirements found in the Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 4, Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy. SECTION 316 IRRIGATION 316.1 General. Irrigation/sprinkler systems and risers for spray heads shall not be installed within 1 foot (305 mm) ofthe building sidewall.

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

3.7



3.8

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

CHAPTER 4

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS SECTION 401 GENERAL

401.1 Scope. This chapter shall govern the materials, design and installation of plumbing fixtures, faucets and fixture fittings in accordance with the type of occupancy, and shall provide for the minimum number of fixtures for various types of occupancies. 401.2 Prohibited fixtures and connections. Water closets having a concealed trap seal or an unventilated space or having walls that are not thoroughly washed at each discharge in accordance with ASME A 112.19.2M shall be prohibited. Any water closet that permits siphonage of the contents of the bowl back into the tank shall be prohibited. Trough urinals shall be prohibited.

402.2 Materials for specialty fixtures. Materials for specialty fixtures not otherwise covered in this code shall be of stainless steel, soapstone, chemical stoneware or plastic, or shall be lined with lead, copper-base alloy, nickel-copper alloy, corrosion-resistant steel or other material especially suited to the application for which the fixture is intended. 402.3 Sheet copper. Sheet copper for general applications shall conform to ASTM B 152 and shall not weigh less than 12 ounces per square foot (3.7 kg/m 2). 402.4 Sheet lead. Sheet lead for pans shall not weigh less than 4 pounds per square foot (19.5 kg/m2) coated with an asphalt paint or other approved coating.

401.3 Water conservation. The maximum water flow rates and flush volume for plumbing fixtures and fixture fittings shall comply with Section 604.4. SECTION 402 FIXTURE MATERIALS 402.1 Quality of fixtures. Plumbing fixtures shall be constructed of approved materials, with smooth, impervious surfaces, free from defects and concealed fouling surfaces, and shall conform to standards cited in this code. All porcelain enameled surfaces on plumbing fixtures shall be acid resistant.

SECTION 403 MINIMUM PLUMBING FACILITIES

403.1 Minimum number of fixtures. Plumbing fixtures shall be provided for the type of occupancy and in the minimum number shown in Table 403.1. Types ofoccupancies not shown in Table 403.1 shall be considered individually by the code official. The number of occupants shall be determined by the Florida Building Code, Building. Occupancy classification shall be determined in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building.

TABLE 403.1 MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURESa (See Sections 403.2 and 403.3)

BATHTUBSI SHOWERS

DRINKING FOUNTAIN (SEE SECTION 410.1)

1 per 200

%

I per 500

1 service sink

1 per 40

1 per 75

%

I per 500

1 service sink

1 per 75

1 per 75

1 per 200

%

1 per 500

1 service sink

Auditoriums without permanent seating, art galleries, exhibition halls, museums, lecture halls, libraries, arcades and gymnasiums

1 per 125

1 per 65

1 per 200

%

1 per 500

1 service sink

Passenger terminals and transportation facilities

1 per 500

I per 500

1 per 750

%

1 per 1,000

I service sink

Places of worship and other religious services.

1 per 150

I per 75

1 per 200

%

1 per 1,000

I service sink

WATER CLOSETS (URINALS SEE SECTION 419.2)

NO.

1

CLASSIFICATION

Assembly (see Sections 403.2, 403.4 and 403.4.1)

OCCUPANCY

A_I d

A-2

d

A_3 d

MALE

FEMALE

Theaters and other buildings for the performing arts and motion oictures

1 per 125

1 per 65

Nightclubs, bars, taverns, dance halls and buildings for similar .ourooses

I per 40

Restaurants, banquet halls and food courts

DESCRIPTION

LAVATORIES

MALE

I FEMALE

OTHER

(continued)

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

4.1

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITIINGS



TABLE 403.1-continued MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURES a (See Sections 403.2 and 403.3) WATER CLOSETS (URINALS SEE SECTION 419.2) NO.

2

CLASSIFICATION

"

4

5

Institutional

MALE

FEMALE

BATHTUBSI SHOWERS

FEMALE

A-4

1 per 40 for Coliseums, arenas, I per 75 for the first 1,500 skating rinks, the first 1,500 and I per 60 and 1 per 120 pools and tennis for the courts for indoor for the remainremainder sporting events der exceeding exceeding and activities 1,500 1,500

1 per 200

1 per 150

-

1 per 1,000

I service sink

A-5

Stadiums, 1 per 75 for amusement parks, the first 1,500 bleachers and and I per 120 grandstands for for the outdoor sporting remainder events and exceeding activities 1,500

1 per 200

1 per 150

-

1 per 1,000

1 service sink

-

1 per 100

-

1 per 100

1 service sink

B

Buildings for the transaction of business, professional services, other services involving merchandise, office buildings, banks, light industrial and similar uses

EID

Educational facilities/Day care 1(313, FBC-B)

Educational

Factory and industrial

DESCRIPTION

MALE

Business (see Sections 403.2, 403.4 and 403.4.1)

II

3

OCCUPANCY

LAVATORIES

DRINKING FOUNTAIN (SEE SECTION 410.1)

1 per 40 for the first 1,500 and I per 60 for the remainder exceeding 1,500

1 per 25 for the first 50 and 1 1 per 40 for the first 80 per 50 for the remainder and 1 per 80 for the exceeding 50 remainder exceeding 80

OTHER

-

1 per 50

1 per 50

1 per 100

1 per 100

(see Section 411)

1 per 400

1 service sink

1 per 10

1 per 10

1 per 8

1 per 100

1 service sink

Hospitals, ambulatory nursing home patientsb

1 per room C

1 perroom c

1 per 15

1 per 100

1 service sink per floor

Employees, other than residential careb

I per 25

1 per 35

-

1 per 100

-

Visitors, other than residential care

I per 75

1 per 100

-

1 per 500

-

1-3

Prisonsb

1 per cell

1 per cell

1 per 15

1 per 100

1 service sink

1-3

Reformitories, detention centers, and correctional centersb

1 per 15

1 per 15

1 per 15

1 per 100

1 service sink

Structures in which occupants are engaged in work fabricating, F-l and F-2 assembly or processing of products or materials 1-1

1-2

Residential care

(continued)

4.2

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING



FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS



TABLE 403.1--eontinued MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURES a (See Sections 403.2 and 403.3) WATER CLOSETS (URINALS SEE SECTION 419.2) NO.

CLASSIFICATION

6

Mercantile (see Sections 403.2, 403.4,403.4.1 and 403.4.2) e,f

7

OCCUPANCY

DESCRIPTION

M

Retail stores, service stations, shops, salesrooms, markets and shopping centers

R-l

R-2

Residential

R-2

MALE

I

FEMALE

LAVATORIES MALE

I FEMALE

BATHTUBSI SHOWERS

-

1 per 500

1 per 750

Hotels, motels, boarding houses (transient)

1 per sleeping unit

1 per sleeping unit

1 per sleeping unit

Dormitories, fraternities, sororities and boarding houses (not transient)

1 per 10

1 per 10

1 per 8

Apartment house

I per dwelling unit

1 per dwelling unit

1 per dwelling unit

DRINKING FOUNTAIN (SEE SECTION 410.1)

1 per 1,000

-

1 per 100



Storage (see Sections 403.2, 403.4 and 403.4.1)

II

-

I service sink

1 service sink

-

I kitchen sink per dwelling unit; 1 automatic clothes washer connection per 20 dwelling units

-

I kitchen sink per dwelling unit; 1 automatic clothes washer connection per dwelling unit

• 8

OTHER

1 per dwelling unit

I per dwelling unit

1 per dwelling unit

Residential care/assisted living facilities

1 per 10

1 per 10

I per 8

1 per 100

1 service sink

Structures for the storage of goods, warehouses, storehouse and freight depots. Low and Moderate Hazard.

1 per 100

1 per 100

See Section 411

1 per 1,000

1 service sink

R-3

One- and two-family dwellings

R-4

S-I S-2

a. The fixtures shown are based on one fixture being the minimum required for the number ofpersons indicated or any fraction of the number ofpersons indicated. The number of occupants shall be determined by the Florida Building Code, Building. b. Toilet facilities for employees shaH be separate from facilities for inmates or patients. c. A single-occupant toilet room with one water closet and one lavatory serving not more than two adjacent patient sleeping units shaH be permitted where such room is provided with direct access from each patient room and with provisions for privacy. d. The occupant load for seasonal outdoor seating and entertainment areas shall be included when determining the minimum number of facilities required. e. In assembly and mercantile occupancies, a unisex toilet room, in accordance with Section 403.7, shall be provided where an aggregate of six or more male and female water closets are required. In buildings of mixed occupancy, only those water closets required for the assembly or mercantile occupancy shall be used to determine the unisex toilet room requirement. f. In recreational facilities(coliseums, arenas, stadiums, pools, etc., with less than 3,000 seats and coliseums, arenas and stadiums with more 3,000 seats or greater) where separate-sex bathing rooms are provided, a unisex bathing room in accordance with 403.7, shall be provided. Where each separate-sex bathing room has only one shower or bathtub fixture, a unisex bathing room is not required.

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

4.3

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS

403.1.1 Potty parity. In assembly occupancies, restrooms which are open to the public must have a ratio of 3:2 water closets provided for women as the combined total of water closets and urinals provided for men, unless these are two or fewer such fixtures for men, in accordance with §553.86, Florida Statutes. Exception: This section does not apply to establishments licensed under Chapter 509, Florida Statutes, if the establishment does not provide meeting or banquet rooms which accommodate more than 150 people, and the establishment has at least the same number of water closets for women as the combined total of water closets and urinals for men. 403.1.1.1 Definitions. 1. New construction. Means new construction, building, alteration, rehabilitation or repair that equals or exceeds 50 percent of the replacement value existing on October 1, 1992, unless the same was under design or construction, or under construction contract before October 1, 1992. 2. Assembly occupancy. The use of a building or structure, or any portion thereof, for the gathering together of people for purposes such as civic, social or religious functions or for recreation, or for food or drink consumption, or awaiting transportation. 3. Historic building. A building which is (a) listed on the National Register of Historic Places; (b) listed on the State Register of Historic Places; (c) listed on a municipal register of historic property, designated according to local ordinance; or (d) included in a district which is listed on a municipal, state or national register of historic property and which has been determined to contribute to the historic significance of the district.

403.1.1.2 Occupancy content calculation. The occupancy content of a building, which determines the number ofwater closets required for men, shall be calculated using the square footage per person requirements established by the Florida Building Code, Building. 403.1.2 Unisex toilet and bath fixtures. Fixtures located within unisex toilet and bathing rooms complying with Section 403.7 shall be included in determining the minimum required number of fixtures for assembly and mercantile occupancies. 403.1.3 For the purposes of calculating the minimum number of required plumbing facilities, the requirements of Table 403.1 shall apply to any areas outside of the building that are used as part of the building's designated occupancy (single or mixed). Where additional seating is also utilized in these areas, the actual number of seats shall be added to the number of persons calculated by Table 403.1 to obtain the total additional facilities required. 403.2 Separate facilities. Where plumbing fixtures are required, separate facilities shall be provided for each sex.

4.4

II •

Exceptions: 1. Separate facilities shall not be required for dwelling units and sleeping units. 2. Separate facilities shall not be required for food service establishments which seat 10 persons or less. 3. Separate facilities shall not be required in business and mercantile occupancies with a total floor area of 3,000 square feet (279 m 2) or less.

403.3 Number of occupants of each sex. The required water closets, lavatories, and showers or bathtubs shall be distributed equally between the sexes based on the percentage of each sex anticipated in the occupant load. The occupant load shall be composed of 50 percent of each sex, unless statistical data approved by the code official indicate a different distribution of the sexes (see also Section 403.1.1). II 403.4 Required public toilet facilities. Customers, patrons and visitors shall be provided with public toilet facilities in structures and tenant spaces intended for public utilization. The accessible route to public facilities shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, closets or similar spaces. Employees shall be provided with toilet facilities in all occupancies. Employee toilet facilities shall be either separate or combined employee and public toilet facilities. 403.4.1 Location of toilet facilities in occupancies other than covered malls. In occupancies other than covered malls, the required public and employee toilet facilities shall be located not more than one story above or below the space required to be provided with toilet facilities, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of 500 feet (152 m).

_ •

Exception: The location and maximum travel distances to required employee facilities in factory and industrial occupancies are permitted to exceed that required by this section, provided that the location and maximum travel distance are approved. 403.4.2 Location of toilet facilities in covered malls. In covered maU buildings, the required public and employee toilet facilities shall be located not more than one story above or below the space required to be provided with toilet facilities, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of300 feet (91 440 mm). In covered mall buildings, the required facilities shall be based on total square footage, and facilities shall be installed in each individual store or in a central toilet area located in accordance with this section. The maximum travel distance to central toilet facilities in covered mall buildings shall be measured from the main entrance of any store or tenant space. In covered mall buildings, where employees' toilet facilities are not provided in the individual store, the maximum travel distance shall be measured from the employee's work area of the store or tenant space. 403.4.3 Pay facilities. Where pay facilities are installed, such facilities shall be in excess of the required minimum facilities. Required facilities shall be free of charge.

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

e

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITIINGS

403.5 Signage. Required public facilities shall be designated by a legible sign for each sex. Signs shall be readily visible and located near the entrance to each toilet facility. 403.6 Reserved. 403.7 Unisex toilet and bathing rooms. In assembly and mercantile occupancies, an accessible unisex toilet room shall be provided where an aggregate of six or more male and female water closets is required. In buildings of mixed occupancy, only those water closets required for the assembly or mercantile occupancy shall be used to determine the unisex toilet room requirement. In recreational facilities where separate-sex bathing rooms are provided, an accessible unisex bathing room shall be provided. Fixtures located within unisex toilet and bathing rooms shall be included in determining the number of fixtures provided in an occupancy. Exception: Where each separate-sex bathing room has only one shower or bathtub fixture, a unisex bathing room is not required. 403.7.1 Required fixtures. Unisex toilet and bathing rooms shall comply with Sections 403.7.2 through 403.7.7. 403.7.2 Unisex toilet rooms. Unisex toilet rooms shall include only one water closet and only one lavatory. A unisex bathing room in accordance with Section 403.7.3 shall be considered a unisex toilet room. Exception: A urinal is permitted to be provided in addition to the water closet in a unisex toilet room. 403.7.3 Unisex bathing rooms. Unisex bathing rooms shall include only one shower or bathtub fixture. Unisex bathing rooms shall also include one water closet and one lavatory. Where storage facilities are provided for separate-sex bathing rooms, accessible storage facilities shall be provided for unisex bathing rooms. 403.7.4 Location. Unisex toilet and bathing rooms shall be located on an accessible route. Unisex toilet rooms shall be located not more than one story above or below separate-sex toilet rooms. The accessible route from any separate-sex toilet room to a unisex toilet room shall not exceed 500 feet (152 m). 403.7.5 Prohibited location. In passenger transportation facilities and airports, the accessible route from separate-sex toilet rooms to a unisex toilet room shall not pass through security checkpoints.

403.7.6 Clear floor space. Where doors swing into a unisex toilet or bathing room, a clear floor space not less than 30 inches by 48 inches (762 mm by 1219 mm) shall be provided, within the room, beyond the area ofthe door swing. 403.7.7 Privacy. Doors to unisex toilet and bathing rooms shall be securable from within the room. 403.8 Sanitary facilities for public swimming pools. Separate sanitary facilities shall be provided and labeled for each sex and shall be located within a 200 foot radius of the nearest water's edge of each pool served by the facilities. Exception: Where a swimming pool serves only a designated group ofresidential dwelling units and not the general public, poolside sanitary facilities are not required if allliving units are within a 200 foot radius of the nearest water's edge, are not over three stories in height and are each equipped with private sanitary facilities. 403.8.1 Required fixtures. Fixtures shall be provided as indicated on Table 403.8. An additional set of fixtures shall be provided in the men's restroom for every 5000 square feet or major fraction thereof for pools greater than 10,000 square feet. Women's restrooms shall have a ratio ofthree to two water closets provided for women as the combined total of water closets and urinals provided for men. 403.8.2 Outside access. Outside access to facilities shall be provided for bathers at outdoor pools. If they are not visible from any portion of the pool deck, signs shall be posed showing directions to the facilities. Directions shall be legible from any portion ofthe pool deck; letters shall be a minimum of I-inch high. 403.8.3 Sanitary facility floors. Floors of sanitary facilities shall be constructed of concrete or other nonabsorbent materials, shall have a smooth, slip-resistant finish, and shall slope to floor drains. Carpets, duckboards and footbaths are prohibited. The intersection between the floor and walls shall be coved. SECTION 404 ACCESSIBLE PLUMBING FACILITIES 404.1 General.

404.1.1 Accessibility. The sections contained herein are plumbing fixture accessibility requirements only. For complete accessibility requirements, and associated figures, refer to Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11.

TABLE 403.8 PUBLIC SWIMMING POOL FIXTURES REQUIRED MEN'S RESTROOMS

SIZE

WOMEN'S RESTROOMS

Urinals

we

Lavatory

we

Lavatory

0- 2500 sq ft

1

I

1

1

1

2501 - 5000 sq ft

2

I

1

5

1

5001 - 7500 sq ft

2

2

2

6

2

7501 - 10,000 sq ft

3

3

3

9

3

For Sl:

1 square foot =0.0929 m

2



2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

4.5

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS

404.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15) Drinking fountains and water coolers.

mum clear floor space 30 inches by 48 inches (760 rom by 1220 mm) to allow a person in a wheelchair to approach the unit facing forward.

404.2.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15.1) Minimum number. Drinking fountains or water coolers required to be accessible by Florida Building Code, Building, Section 11-4.1 shall comply with Section 404.2.

404.2.5.2 [Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15.5(2)]. Free-standing or built-in units not having a clear space under them shall have a clear floor space at least 30 inches by 48 inches (760 rom by 1220 rom) that allows a person in a wheelchair to make a parallel approach to the unit [see Figure 404.2.2(c) and Figure 404.2.2(d)]. This clear floor space shall comply with Florida Building Code, Building, Section 11-4.2.4.

404.2.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15.2) Spout height. Spouts shall be no higher than 36 inches (915 rom), measured from the floor or ground surfaces to the spout outlet [see Figure 404.2.2(a)]. 404.2.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15.3) Spout location. The spouts ofdrinking fountains and water coolers shall be at the front of the unit and shall direct the water flow in a trajectory that is parallel or nearly parallel to the front of the unit. The spout shall provide a flow of water at least 4 inches (100 mm) high so as to allow the insertion of a cup or glass under the flow of water. On an accessible drinking fountain with a round or oval bowl, the spout must be positioned so the flow of water is within 3 inches (75 rom) of the front edge of the fountain.

404.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.16) Waterclosets. 404.3.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.16.1) General. Accessible water closets shall comply with Section 404.3. 404.3.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.16.2) Clear floor space. Clear floor space for water closets not in stalls shall comply with Figure 404.3.2. Clear floor space may be arranged to allow either a left-handed or right-handed approach.

404.2.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15.4) Controls. Controls shall comply with Section 404.13. Unit controls shall be front mounted or side mounted near the front edge.

404.3.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.16.3) Height. The height of water closets shall be 17 inches to 19 inches (430 mm to 485 rom) measured to the top ofthe toilet seat [see Figure 404.3.3(b)]. Seats shall not be sprung to return to a lifted position.

404.2.5 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15.5) Clearances. 404.2.5.1 [Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.15.5(1)]. Wall- and post-mounted cantilevered units shall have a clear knee space between the bottom of the apron and the floor or ground at least 27 inches (685 mm) high, 30 inches (760 rom) wide, and 17 inches to 19 inches (430 rom to 485 rom) deep [see Figure 404.2.2(a) and Figure 404.2.2(b)]. Such units shall also have a mini-

36 min

915 455



404.3.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.16.4) Grab bars. Grab bars for water closets not located in stalls shall comply with Section 404.12 and Figure 404.3.3. The grab bar behind the water closet shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.

36 min

--0

,.--1 . ~:5 min

18



915

18 min

~

_.__ l_+

42 min 1005

f f ,

t J t

ILAva '---1

:

CLEAR FLOOR

SPACE

I t

CLEAR FLOOR

r

SPACE

:

-----------~------~

it

48 min

1525

1220

48 min 1220

FIGURE 404.3.2 CLEAR FLOOR SPACE AT WATER CLOSETS (NOT IN STALL) Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 28

4.6

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

e

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS



48 min 1220

24 max. 610

.••.•.....•.•.....•.•.:.•.•.....•...•...•..... :.:.:.:.:

tI~trtt*.a~~;~ ]!~ c

'e 0°

~Ie

....................................... ...................... ................... .... ................... . ....................

.

6 max 150

8 min 205

.

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :::::~~. ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::-

.....................•........•.•.•.•...•.....•..:.:.:.:.:

NOTE: Equipment permitted In shaded area

(a)

(b)

Spout Height and Knee Clearance

Clear Floor Space NOT TO

30 min 760

EXCEED

FOUNTAIN

OEPTH

30 min 760

...----...-------I I

c

,I

·~o

I

co~· ... -

................... .................. .................. ..................

0··..·

I I I

~ ..._.

I

I

I

---1.

..1

----L

_

................ : ....: :..: .•.... ................... ...................

(c)

(d)

Free-Sa nd ing Fou ntain or Cooler

Built-in Fountain or Cooler

FIGURE 404.2.2 DRINKING FOUNTAINS AND WATER COOLERS Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 27

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

4.7

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITIINGS

12 max

min

36

305

915

54 min 1370

42 min 1065

36 min

12 min

r------t----TOILET PAPER

305

(a) BACK WALL

(b) SIDEWALL

FIGURE 404.3.3 GRAB BARS AT WATER CLOSETS Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 29

404.3.5 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.16.5) Flush controls. Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic and shall comply with Section 404.13. Controls for flush valves shall be mounted on the wide side of toilet areas no more than 44 inches (1120 mm) above the floor. 404.3.6 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.16.6) Dispensers. Toilet paper dispensers shall be installed within reach, as shown in Figure 404.3.3(b). Dispensers that control delivery, or that do not permit continuous paper flow, shall not be used. 404.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.17) Toilet stalls. 404.4.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.17.1) location. Accessible toilet stalls shall be on an accessible route and shall meet the requirements of Section 404.4. 404.4.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.17.2) Water closets. Water closets in accessible stalls shall comply with Section 404.3.

4.8

prevent combining existing stalls to provide space, either alternate stall [See Figure 404.4.3(b)] may be provided in lieu of the standard stall. New Construction: 1. The standard accessible restroom stall shall contain an accessible lavatory within it, the size of such lavatory to be not less than 19 inches wide by 17 inches deep, nominal size, and wall mounted. The lavatory shall be mounted so as not to overlap the clear floor space areas required by Section 404.4 [See Fig.404.4.3 (e)] and to comply with Section 404.6 of the code. Such lavatories shall be counted as part of the required fixture count for the building. 2. The accessible water closet shall be located in the corner, diagonal to the door.

404.4.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.17.4) Toe clearances. In standard stalls, the front partition and at least one side partition shall provide a toe clearance of at least 9 inches (230 mm) above the floor. If the depth of the stall is greater than 60 inches (1525 mm), then the toe clearance is not required.

404.4.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.17.3) Size and arrangement. The size and arrangement of the standard toilet stall shall comply with Figure 404.4.3(a), Standard Stall. Standard toilet stalls with a minimum depth of 56 inches (1420 mm) [See Figure 404.4.3(a)] shall have wall-mounted water closets. Ifthe depth of a standard toilet stall is increased at least 3 inches (75 mm), then a floor-mounted water closet may be used. Arrangements shown for standard toilet stalls may be reversed to allow either a left- or right-hand approach. Additional stalls shall be provided in conformance with Section 404.9.4

404.4.5 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.17.5) Doors. Toilet stall doors, including door hardware, shall comply with Florida Building Code, Building, Section 11-4.13. The doors shall be self closing. If toilet stall approach is from the latch side of the stall door, clearance between the door side of the stall and any obstruction may be reduced to a minimum of 42 inches (1065 mm) (See Fig. 404.4.3). Doors shall not swing into the clear floor space of any fixture.

Exception: In instances of alteration work where provision of a standard stall [See Figure 404.4.3(a)] is technically infeasible or where plumbing code requirements

404.4.6 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.17.6) Grab bars. Grab bars complying with the length and positioning shown in Figure 404.4.3(a), Figure 404.4.3(b), Fig2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITIINGS

36 min 915

CLEAR FLOOR SPACE

56 min

w wall-mount

w.e.

w wall-mounted w.e.

56 min 1420

1420

42 min (1065 mm)

latch approach only, ~_ _..;59~m~i~n other approaches '500 48 min (1220 mm)

w ftoor-mounted w.c.

59 min

~w.:..:.:;:fIo~oo:.-r-m=o:::un~te::.::d=-w~ ..:.:e.

(a)

Standard Stall

42 min 1065



36min

c:J 915

0,':';':":'11----. .

fA

IT 54 min

(c)

1370

42 min

66 min

1065

'675

Rear walt of Standard Stall w wall- ounted w.e. W noor-mounted

69 min

w.e.

1750

36 max 915

TOILET PAPER

42 min (1065 mm) latch approach only, other appro aches 48 min (1220 mm) 54 in 1375

(d) Side VValls

(b) Alternate Stalls

FIGURE 404.4.3 TOILET STALLS Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 30

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

4.9

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS

r - - - 30" X 48"

CLEAR FLOOR SPACE AT LAVATORY SHAll

COMPLY WITH 4. t9.3

fnr 6O"M~:MINl

6" MAX'

I

.

~MJNl

~_IIIIJ"

30· X 46" CLEAR FLOOR SPACE AT LAVATORY SHALL COMfllY WITH 4.19.3

IN NEW CONSTRUCTION, A LAVATORY SHALL BE PROVIDED WITHIN THE ACCESSIBLE TOILET STALL. THE LAVATORY SHALL NOT ENCROACH INTO THE REQUIRED CLEAR FLOOR SPACE FOR THE WATER CLOSET. SEE FIGURE 404.4.3(0) FOR THE REQUIRED CLEAR FLOOR SPACE FOR THE WATER CLOSET. THE LOCATION SHOWN FOR THE LAVATORY IS ONLY ONE OF MANY POSSIBLE LOCATIONS WITHIN THE ACCESSIBLE TOILET STALL. THE WATER CLOSET SHALL BE LOCATED IN THE CORNER DIAGONAL TO THE DOOR. THE TOILET STALL DOOR SHALL NOT SWING INTO THE REQUIRED CLEAR FLOO~ SPACE FOR ANY FIXTURE. FLUSH CONTROL SHALL COMPLY WITH SECTION 404.3.5.

FIGURE 404.4.3(e) TOILET STALL NEW CONSTRUCTION Florida Building Code, Bulding, Chapter 11, Figure 30(e)

4.10

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS



ure 404.4.3(c), and Figure 404.4.3(d) shall be provided. Grab bars may be mounted with any desired method as long as they have a gripping surface at the locations shown and do not obstruct the required clear floor area. Grab bars shall comply with Section 404.12.

404.5 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.18) Urinals.

self-closing valves are used, the faucet shall remain open for at least 10 seconds.

404.6.6 [Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.19.6(1)] Mirrors. Mirrors shall be mounted with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface no higher than 40 inches (1015 mm) above the finish floor (see Figure 404.6.2).

404.5.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.18.1) General. Accessible urinals shall comply with Section 404.5. 404.5.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.18.2) Height. Urinals shall be stall-type or wall-hung with an elongated rim at a maximum of 17 inches (430 mm) above the finish floor. 404.5.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.18.3) Clear floor space. A clear floor space 30 inches by 48 inches (760 mm by 1220 mm) shall be provided in front of urinals to allow forward approach. This clear space shall adjoin or overlap an accessible route and shall comply with Florida Building Code, Building, Section 11-4.2.4. Urinal shields that do not extend beyond the front edge ofthe urinal rim may be provided with 29 inches (735 mm) clearance between them.



404.5.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.18.4) Flush controls. Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic, and shall comply with Section 404.13, and shall be mounted no more than 44 inches (1120 mm) above the finish floor.

~~

~~ ~

c

c

1111:



6 max

KNEE CLEARANCE

8 min

T



404.6.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.19.4) Exposed pipes and surfaces. Hot water and drain pipes under lavatories shall be insulated or otherwise configured to protect against contact. There shall be no sharp or abrasive surfaces under lavatories. 404.6.5 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.19.5) Faucets. Faucets shall comply with Section 404.13. Lever-operated, push-type and electronically controlled mechanisms are examples of acceptable designs. If 2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

150

DEPTH

17 min

j"""--+---+';43Of::o=''''-'

FIGURE 404.6.2 LAVATORY CLEARANCES Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 31

404.6.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.19.2) Height and clearances. Lavatories shall be mounted with the rim or counter surface no higher than 34 inches (865 mm) above the finish floor. Provide a clearance ofat least 29 inches (735 mm) above the finish floor to the bottom ofthe apron. Knee and toe clearance shall comply with Figure 404.6.2. 404.6.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.19.3) Clear floor space. A clear floor space 30 inches by 48 inches (760 mm by 1220 rom) complying with Florida Building Code, Building, Section 11-4.2.4 shall be provided in front of a lavatory to allow forward approach. Such clear floor space shall adjoin or overlap an accessible route and shall extend a maximum of 19 inches (485 mm) underneath the lavatory (see Figure 404.6.3).

~

205

404.6 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.19) Lavatories and mirrors. 404.6.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.19.1) General. The requirements of Section 404.6 shall apply to lavatory fixtures, vanities and built-in lavatories.

'M"'"

~:,:,:,",:,:,",:,: ~!" ~"! ,~ ,: ,;"'~, ~~N~ c

17 min 430 --'I

l CLEAR I FLOOR : SPACE

I

Gnu

I

I I

I

19 max 485

48 min 1220

FIGURE 404.6.3 CLEAR FLOOR SPACE AT LAVATORIES Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 32

4.11

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITIINGS

404.7 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20) Bathtubs.

404.7.5 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20.5) Controls. Faucets and other controls complying with Florida Building Code, Building, Section 404.13 shall be located as shown in Figure 404.7.3.

404.7.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20.1) General. Accessible bathtubs shall comply with Section 404.7.



404.7.6 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20.6) Shower unit. A shower spray unit with a hose at least 60 inches (1525 mm) long that can be used both as a fixed shower head and as a hand-held shower shall be provided.

404.7.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20.2) Floor space. Clear floor space in front of bathtubs shall be as shown in Figure 404.7.2. 404.7.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20.3) Seat. An in-tub seat or a seat at the head end of the tub shall be provided as shown in Figure 404.7.2 and Figure 404.7.3. The structural strength of seats and their attachments shall comply with Section 404.12.3. Seats shall be mounted securely and shall not slip during use.

404.7.7 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20.7) Bathtub enclosures. If provided, enclosures for bathtubs shall not obstruct controls or transfer from wheelchairs onto bathtub seats or into tubs. Enclosures on bathtubs shall not have tracks mounted on their rims. 404.8 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21) Shower stalls.

404.7.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.20.4) Grab bars. Grab bars complying with Section 404.12 shall be provided as shown in Figure 404.7.2 and Figure 404.7.3.

404.8.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.1) General. Accessible shower stalls shall comply with Section 404.8.

B CK

I~DI

'WI

_ _ _...;1I (/) II

---., I

LAV; _ _ _ 01

Eo

,C

CON

60 min 1525

FLOOR

SPACE

ii -----~~

t

~

CLEAR

FLOOR SPACE

60 min (a) With Seat in Tub

1525

SYMBOL KEYS: • = Shower controls .. = Shower head 0= Drain

FLOOR SPACE (b) With Seat at Head of Tub

FIGURE 404.7.2 CLEAR FLOOR SPACE AT BATHTUBS Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 33

4.12

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

e

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS



24 min 810

CONTROl-

AREA

:::1

FOOT

BACK

HEAD

(a)

\I\1th Seat In Tub

FOOT

BACK

HEAD

(b)

WIth seat at Head of Tub

FIGURE 404.7.3 GRAB BARS AT BATHTUBS Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 34

404.8.2 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.2) Size and clearances. Except as specified in Section 11-9.1.2, shower stall size and clear floor space shall comply with Figure 404.8.2(1)(a) or Figure 404.8.2(1)(b). The shower stall in Figure 404.8.2(1)(a) shall be 36 inches by 36 inches (915 mm by 915 mm). Shower stalls required by Florida Building Code, Building, Section 11-9.1.2 shall comply with Figure 404.8.2(2)(a) or Figure 404.8.2(2)(b). The shower stall in Figure 404.8.2(1 )(b) will fit into the space required for a bathtub.

36-inch (915 mm by 915 mm) shower stall, the seat shall be on the wall opposite the controls. Where a fixed seat is provided in a 30-inch by 60-inch minimum (760 mm by 1525 mm) shower stall, it shall be a folding type and shall be mounted on the wall adjacent to the controls as shown in Figure 404.8.2(2). The structural strength of seats and their attachments shall comply with Section 404.12.3.

404.8.3 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.3) Seat. A seat shall be provided in shower stalls 36 inches by 36 inches (915 mm by 915 nun) and shall be as shown in Figure 404.8.3. The seat shall be mounted 17 inches to 19 inches (430 mm to 485 mm) from the bathroom floor and shall extend the full depth of the stall. In a 36-inch by

404.8.5 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.5) Controls. Faucets and other controls complying with Section 404.13 shall be located as shown in Figure 404.8.4. In shower stalls 36 inches by 36 inches (915 mm by 915 mm), all controls, faucets and the shower unit shall be mounted on the side wall opposite the seat.

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

404.8.4 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.4) Grab bars. Grab bars complying with Section 404.12 shall be provided as shown in Figure 404.8.4.

4.13

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITIINGS

36

27

915



max

685

~mr:::::~::::::i::::::i:::~:~::iii::::::~:::~ ::::~~::::::::i:~::::::::: :::::~~

w:......·

.

() ~.:.:.:

.

.

I

i-----·-:

T

i i·~y·.J

•I

I

I I I

I

I

r-----~~~n-----

r---~~~---l 1220

1525

(a)

36·;n. by 36-ln. (915-mm by 915-mm) Stall

I

i

(b) 3O-ln. by 60-1n. (760-mm by 1525-mm) Stall

FIGURE 404.8.2(1) SHOWER SIZE AND CLEARANCES Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 35

36 915

16 min

27malC 685

330

LAV

(b)

(a)

FIGURE 404.8.2(2) ROLL-IN SHOWER WITH FOLDING SEAT Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 57

4.14

2007 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE-PLUMBING

FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FIITINGS

._ _

404.8.6 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.6) Shower unit. A shower spray unit with a hose at least 60 inches (1525 mm) long that can be used both as a fixed shower head and as a hand-held shower shall be provided.

__

~max

..

I~~l :::::::~::~::~:::::::::::::::::::~::::::~~::::::::~::::::::~::::::::~::::~ ~:::::¥t!?

.....

~:~:~:~:

.~~

.._d

Exception: In unmonitored facilities where vandalism is a consideration, a fixed shower head mounted at 48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower floor may be used in lieu of a hand-held shower head. 404.8.7 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.7) Curbs. If provided, curbs in shower stalls 36 inches by 36 inches (915 mm by 915 mm) shall be no higher than ~ inch (13 mm). Shower stalls that are 30 inches by 60 inches (760 mm by 1525 mm) minimum shall not have curbs. 404.8.8 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.21.8) Shower enclosures. If provided, enclosures for shower stalls shall not obstruct controls or obstruct transfer from wheelchairs onto shower seats.

~

r

I.

..Lfe~.~ma)(

404.9 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.22) Toilet rooms. 404.9.1 (Florida Building Code, Building, 11-4.22.1) Minimum number. Toilet facilities required to be accessi-

FIGURE 404.8.3 SHOWER SEAT DESIGN Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter 11, Figure 36

.

A

y

"

16

~455

v--CONTROL AREA

18

~-; /

455

"---

BACK

CONTROL WALL

(a) 36-ln by 38-in (915-mm by 915-mm) Stall
ll..

I::J Z

LlJ 0...

100 90 80 70 60 50

100 90 BO 70 60 50

40

40

(J)

z

0

--l --l c{


~

--l

ll..

30

30

20

20

10

10

9

9

8 7

8 7 6

6 5 4

5 4

3

3

2

oC\l

'"

0

V

0

10