First in the world (Male)

First in the world (Male) 1. First Asian to head the International Cricket Council Jagmohan Dalmiya 2. First man to climb Mount Everest Sherpa Tenz...
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First in the world (Male) 1. First Asian to head the International Cricket Council

Jagmohan Dalmiya

2. First man to climb Mount Everest

Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and sir Edmund Hillary (29th May ,1953)

3. First man to go into space

Major Yuri Gagarin (USSR)

4. First person to give information about planets and their motion around the sun

Alexei Leonal (Rerssiaj)

5. First man to compile Encyclopaedia

Aspheosis (Athens)

6. First person to go on both the poles (North & South)

Albert P Carey

7. First man to reach North Pole

Robert Peary

8. First man to reach South Pole

Roald Amundsen

9. First man to climb on Mt Everest without oxygen

Phu Dorji Sherpa

First in the world 1.

First Ratio Telescope Satellite Launched into Space

Japan

2.

First country to use glass

Egypt and Mesopotamia

3.

First country to make map

Sumeria (3800BC) (1500BC)

4.

First Space Ship Landed on Mars

Viking –l (July 1976)

5.

World’s first Multipurpose River Valley Project

Tennessee River Valley Project (USA)

6.

First Space Shuttle Launched

Columbia

7.

First rocket to go near the Sun

Helius ‘B’

8.

First country to make Constitution

America

9.

First country to start underground metro rail

Britain

10. First unmanned mission on Moon

LUNA-9

11. First van to carry man on Moon

Appolo-11

12. First country to do Artificial Satellite Experiment

Russia

13. Country to give voting right to women

New Zealand

14. First country to appoint lokpal

Sweden

15. First country to imposed carbon tax

New Zealand

Superlatives (world) (The largest, Biggest, Smallest, Longest, Highest) 1.

Largest Airport

King Abdul Khalid International Airport (Riyadh, Saudi Aribia)

2.

Highest Airport

Bangda Airport, Tibet (Now in China)

3.

Tallest Building

Burj Khalifa, dubai United Arab Emirates (828 m)

4.

Largest Bay

Hudson Bay ,Canada

5.

Longest Big ship Canal

Suez Canal (linking Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

6.

Busiest Canal (Ship)

White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal

7.

Longest Epic

The Mahabharata

8.

Largest Diamond

The Cullinan (South Africa)

9.

Largest Island

Greenland (renamed Kalaallit Nunaat)

10. Largest Mosque

Jama Masjid, Delhi

11. Largest Delta

Sundarbans, India

12. Largest Desert

Sahara, Africa

13. Largest Lake

Caspian Sea

14. Deepest Lake

Baikal (Siberia)

15. Highest Lake

Titicaca (between Boluia and Peru)

16. Largest Lake (Fresh Water)

Lake Superior, USA

17. Largest Coral formation

The Great Barrier Reef (Australia)

18. Largest Continent

Asia

19. Smallest Continent

Australia

20. Highest Country

Tibet (The Pamirs)

21. Largest Country (in population)

China

22. Largest Country (in area)

Russia

23. Biggest Dome

Gol Gumbaz (Bijapur) India

24. Tallest Minar (Free Standing)

great Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco

25. Largest City (in population)

Tokyo

26. Highest City

Wen Chuan (Tibet ,China)

27. Biggest City (in area)

Hulunbuir, China

28. Longest Bridge (Railway)

Huex P Long Bridge (7009m)

29. Largest Dam (Concrete)

Grand Coulee Dam (USA)

30. Highest Dam

Rogunskaya Dam Airels River Vakhsh , Tajikistan

31. Highest Straight Dam

Bhakra Dam

32. Highest Capital City

La Paz (Bolivia)

33. Highest Asian Desert

Gobi, Mongolia

34. Largest Democracy

India

35. Biggest Bell

Great Bell at Moscow

36. Reptile which changes its colour

Chameleon

37. Most intelligent Animal

Chimpanzee

38. Highest Volcano

Mauna Loa (Hawaii Islands)

39. Longest Wall

Great wall of china

40. Highest Mountain Peak (World)

Mount Everest (Nepal)

41. Highest Mountain Range

Himalayas

42. Longest Mountain Range

Andes Central (South America)

43. Biggest Museum

British Museum (London)

44. Highest Waterfall

Salto Angel Falls (Venezuela)

45. Longest Gulf

Gulf of Maxico

46. Deepest and Biggest Ocean

The Pacific

47. Largest peninsula

Arabia

48. Largest Palace

Imperial Palace (Gugong), Beijing (China)

49. Largest Park

National Park, Greenland

50. Largest Archipelago

Indonesia

51. Coldest place

Verkhoyansk (Siberia) Temperature (-89.20C)

52. Driest place

Death Valley (California)

53. Hottest Place

Al-Aziziyah (Libya ,Africa) 1360F

54. Largest Platform (Railway)

Gorakhpur (Utter Pradesh)

55. Largest Bridge (Railway)

Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge (China)

56. Largest Plateau

Tibetan Plateau

57. Largest River Basin

Amazon Basin

58. World’s Rainiest Spot

Cherrapunji (Meghalaya)

59. Largest Gorge

Grand Canyon on the Colorade river , USA

60. Largest port

Shanghai (China)

61. Busiest Port

Shanghai (China)

62. Longest Railway

Trans-Siberian Railway

63. Longest River

Nile (6690 km)

64. Longest River Dam

Hirakud Dam (Odisha) India

65. Largest Sea-Bird

Albatross

66. Largest Sea (Inland)

Mediterranean

67. Tallest Statue

Statue of Liberty, New York (USA)

68. Tallest Tower

Sky Tree Tower, Tokyo (Japan)

69. Longest Swimming Course

English Channel (Between London and Edinburgh)

70. Longest Train Nonstop

Flying Scotsman

71. Longest Tunnel (Railway)

Seikan Rail Tunnel (Japan)

72. Longest and Largest Canal/Tunnel

Le Rove Tunnel (South of France)

73. Lightest Gas

Hydrogen

74. Lightest Metal

Lithium

75. Highest Melting Point

Tungstan, (341000C)

76. Hardest Substance

Wurtzite Boron Nitride

77. Fastest Animal

The Peregrine Falcon

78. Longest Poisonous Snake

King Kobra

79. Largest Temple

Angkor Vat (Combodia)

80. Largest Diamond Mine

Kimbarley (South Africa)

Country with Capitals and Currencies Country

Capital

Currency

Country

Capital

Currency

Afghanistan

Kabul

Afghani

Columbia

Bogota

Peso

Albania

Tirana

Lek

Denmark

Copenhagen

Krone

Algeria

Algiers

Algerian Dinar

Egypt

Cairo

Egyptian Pound

Angola

Luanda

Kwanza

France

Paris

Franc

Argentina

Buenos Aires

Peso

Germany

Berlin

Euro

Australia

Canberra

Australian Dollar

Greece

Athens

Euro

Austria

Vienna

Euro

Hungary

Budapest

Forint

Bangladesh

Dhaka

Taka

India

New Delhi

Rupee

Belarus

Minsk

Ruble

Indonesia

Jakarta

Rupiah

Belgium

Brussels

Euro

Iran

Tehran

Riyal

Bhutan

Thimphu

Ngultrum

Iraq

Baghdad

Dinar

Brazil

Brasilia

Cruzeiro Real

Ireland

Dublin

Euro

Cambodia

Phnom-Penh

Riel

Israel

Jerusalem

Shekel

Canada

Ottawa

Canadian Dollar

Italy

Rome

Euro

Chile

Santiago

Peso

Japan

Tokyo

Yen

China

Beijing

Yuan, Renminbi

Kazakhstan

Astana

Tenge

Kenya

Nairobi

Shilling

Russia

Moscow

Ruble

North Korea

Pyongyang

Won

Saudi Arabia

Riyadh

Riyal

Kuwait

Kuwait City

Kuwait Dinar

Somalia

Mogadishu

Somali Shilling

South Korea

Seoul

Won

Singapore

Singapore

Dollar

Libya

Tripoli

Libyan Dinar

South Africa

Pretoria

Rand

Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur

Ringgit

Spain

Madrid

Euro

Maldives

Male

Rufiyaa

Sri Lanka

Colombo

Rupee

Mauritius

Port Louis

Rupee

Sudan

Khartoum

Sudanese pound

Mongolia

Ulan Bator

Tugrik

South Sudan

Juba

Montenegro

Podgorica

Euro

Sweden

Stockholm

Krona

Myanmar

Naypyidaw

Kyat

Switzerland

Bern

Swiss Franc

Namibia

Windhoek

Namibian Dollar

Taiwan

Taipei

Nepal

Kathmandu

Rupaia

Thailand

Bangkok

Baht

New Zealand

Wellington

New Zealand Dollar

Turkey

Ankara

Lira

Nigeria

Abuja

Naira

Uganda

Kampala

Uganda Shilling

Norway

Oslo

Krone

Ukraine

Kiev

Hryvnia

Pakistan

Islamabad

Rupee

UK

London

Pound Sterling

Phillippines

Manila

Peso

US

Washington DC

Dollar

Poland

Budapest

Zloty

Venezuela

Caracas

Bolivar

Portugal

Lisbon

Euro

Zimbabwe

Harare

Dollar

Qatar

Doha

Riyal

South Sudanese pound

New Taiwan doller

Geographical

Discoveries

Discovery

Discoverer

Discovery

Discoverer

America

Christopher Columbus

New Foundland

Gobot Sebastian

Sea Route to India via

Vasco Da Gama

Hudson Bay

Henry Hudson

Solar System

Copernicus

Circumnavigation of world

Magellan

Planets

Kepler

Mount Everest

Edmund Hillary

South Pole

Amundsen

First Person to set foot

Cape of Good Hope

on the moon

Neil Armstorng

North Pole

Robert Peary

Tasmania Island

Tasman

China

Marco Polo

Cape of the Good Hope

Baurtho Romelodeis

Geographical Epithets Blue Mountains

Nilgiri Hills

Key to the Mediterranean

Gibraltar

City Beautiful

Chandigarh

Land of Cakes

Scotland

City of Golden Gate

San Francisco

Land of Golden Fleece

Australia

Land of Maple

Canada

City of Magnificent Building

Washington

Land of Morning Calm

Korea

City of Palaces

Kolkata

Land of the Midnight Sun

Norway

City of Seven Hill

Rome

Land of the Rising Sun

Japan

Cockpit of Europe

Belgium

Land of the Thunderbolt

Bhutan

Dark Continent

Africa

Land of Thousand Lakes

Finland

Eternal City

Rome

Land of White Elephant

Thailand

Forbidden City

Lhasa (Tibet)

Pearl of the Antilles

Cuba

Garden City

Chicago

Pearl of the Pacific

Guayaquil Port of Ecuador

Gift of the Nile

Egypt

Roof of the World

The Pamirs, Central Asia

Granite City

Aberdeen

Spice Garden of India

Kerala

Holy Land

Palestine

Sugar Bowl of the World

Cuba

Island Continent

Australia

Island of Cloves

Zanzibar

Isle of Pearls

Bahrain

Official Books of Major Countries Blue Book

An Official report of the British Government

Green Book

An official publications of Italy and Iran

Grey Book

An official reports of the Government of Japan and Belgium

Orange Book

An official publications of the Government of Netherlands

White Book

an official Publication of China, Germany and Portugal

White Paper

an official paper of the government of Britain and India on a particular issue

Yellow Book

French official Book

Important Monuments of Some Famous Countries Monument

Country

Monument

Country

Imperial Place (Tokyo)

Japan

Learning Tower of Pisa

Italy

Eiffel Tower (Paris)

France

Pyramid (Giza)

Egypt

Great Wall of China

China

Opera House(Sydney)

Australia

Kremlin (Moscow)

Russia

Statue of Liberty (New York )

USA

Kinder Disk

Denmark

Taj Mahal (Agra)

India

The Seven Wonders of the World Ancient World

Modern World

The ‘New’ Wonder

The Colossus of Rome

Channel Tunnel

Chichen Itza, Mexico

The Great Pyramid of Giza

CN Tower

Christ Redeemer, Brazil

The hanging Garden of Babylon

Empire State Building

The Great Wall, China

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

Golden Gate Bridge

Machu Picchu, Peru

The statue of Zeus at Olympia

Itaipu Dam

Petra Jordan

The lighthouse of Alexandria

Delta works

Colosseum , Italy

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

Panama Canal

The Taj Mahal, India

Important symbols of or Signs Pen

Symbol of culture and civilisation

Lotus

Culture and civilisation

Red Cross

Medical aid hospital

Red Flag

Revolution; also sign of danger

Black flag

Symbol of Protest

Yellow Flag

Flown on ships or vehicles carrying patients suffering from infectious diseases

Flag flown upside down

Symbol of Distress

White Flag

Symbol of truce

Pigeon of Dove

Symbol of peace

A blindfolded woman holding a balanced scale

Symbol of Justice

Black strip on face arm

Sign of mourning or protest

One skull on two bones crossing each other diagonally

Sign of Danger

Wheel (Chakra)

Symbol of progress

Flag flown at half mast

Symbol of national mourning

Olive Branch

Symbol of peace

Languages Spoken Language

Member

Language

Member

Mandarin Chinese

882 million

Arabic

206-422 million

Spanish

325 million

Hindi

181 million

English

312-380 million

Portuguese

215 million

Intelligence/Detective Agencies of the World Detective Agency

Country

Central external Liaison Department

China

Australian Security and Intelligence Organisation

Australia

KGB/GRU

Russia

National Intelligence Agency

South Africa

MI (Military Intelligence) -5 and 6, Special Branch, Joint intelligence Organisation

United Kingdom

Inter Services Intelligence (ISI)

Pakistan

Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) , intelligence Bureau (IB)

India

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) , Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

USA

MOSSAD

Israel

Mukhabarat

Egypt

Naicho

Japan

SAVAK (Sazamane Etelaatva Amniate Kechvar )

Iran

General Security Directorate

Iraq

DGSE (Direction General de la Security Exterieur)

France

Parliaments of the world Country Name

Parliament Name

Country Name

Parliament Name

Afghanistan

Shora

India

Sansad

Australia

Parliament

Japan

Diet

Bangladesh

Jatia Sansad

Nepal

Rashtriya Panchayat

Bhutan

Tasngadu

Pakistan

National Assembly

Canada

Parliament

Russia

Duma

China

National Assembly

Spain

Cortes

Egypt

People’s Assembly

Sweden

Riksdag

France

Parliament

South Africa

Parliament

Germany

Bundestag

Switzerland

Federal Assembly

Great Britain

Parliament

USA

Congress

Top 5 Largest and Smallest Countries Largest Country

Largest Country

Smallest Country

Smallest Contry

(Area-Wise)

(Population-Wise)

(Area-Wise)

(Population-Wise)

Russia

China

Vatican City

Vatican City

Canada

India

Monaco

Nauru

China

USA

Nauru

Tuvalu

United States

Indonesia

Tuvalu

Palau

Brazil

Brazil

San Marino

San Marino

Major News paper of the world Newspaper

Country

Newspaper

Country

The Sydney Morning Herald

Australia

The Hindustan Times

India

The Age

Australia

Mainichi Daily News

Japan

Globe and Mail

Canada

The New Zealand Herald

New Zealand

The Gazette

Canada

The Press

New Zealand

International Herald Tribune

France

The Times

United Kingdom

Die Welt

Germany

The Scotsman

United Kingdom

The Times of India

India

The Guardian

United Kingdom

The Hindu

India

The Herald

United Kingdom

The Tribune

India

The Courier

United Kingdom

The Statesman

India

Washington Post

United States of America

Religions of the World Religion

Member

Percentage

Religion

Member

Percentage

Christianity

2.1 billion

33.0%

Buddhism

376 million

6%

Islam

1.5 billon

21%

Sikhism

23 million

0.36%

Hinduism

900 Million

14%

Jewish

14 million

0.2%

National Emblems of Major Countries Country

Emblem

Country

Emblem

Australia

Kangaroo

Italy

White Lily

Bangladesh

Water Lily

Japan

Chrysanthemum

Belgium

Lion

Netherlands

Lion

Canada

White Lily

New Zealand

Southern Cross, Kiwi, Fern

Chile

Candor and Huemul

Norway

Lion

France

Lily

Pakistan

Crescent

Germany

Corn Flower

Spain

Eagle

India

Lioned Capital

United Kingdom

Rose

Iran

Rose

United Kingdom of America

Golden Rod

First in India Newspaper

Bengal Gazette (James Hickey)

Vernacular Daily

Samachar Darpan

Hindi Newspaper

Udant Marand

Telegraph Line

Diamond Harbour to Kolkata

International Telephone Service

Mumbai to London (1851)

Silent Movie

Raja Harish Chandra (Dadasaheb Phalke 1913)

Talkie Movie

Alam Ara (Ardeshir Irani-1931)

Aricraft Carriage Warship

INS Vikrant

Satellite

Aryabhatta (19th April, 1975)

Satellite dedicated exclusively for Education purposes

EDUSAT

Successful indigenous launch vehicle

SLV-3

Nuclear Reactor

Apsara

Lunar Mission

Chandrayaan-1 (October, 2008)

Mars Mission

Mars Orbiter Mission (5th November, 2013)

Hydroelectric Project

Sivasamudram (1902)

Asian Games

Delhi (1951)

Census

1872

Regular Decadal Census

1881 Onwards

Biosphere Reserve

Nilgire

National

Haley National Park (Jim Corbett), 1936

Chairman of UPSC

Rose Barker

First E-court

Ahmadabad

Court exclusively dedicated to women

malda (WB)

Technology park

Technopark, Thiruvananthapuram

First in India (Male) First Governor-General of India

William Bentinck (1828)

Last Governor-General of India

Lord Mountbatten

First and last Indian Governor – General of Free India

C Rajgopalchari

First Commander-in –Chief of India

Genral KM Karippa

First Field Marshal of India

General SHFJ Manekshaw (1971)

First Indian to go in Space

Rakesh Sharma

First Indian to climb the Mount Everest without oxygen

Sherpa Ang Dorje

First Indian to become the Managing Director of World Bank

Gautam Kaji

First chairman of National Human Right Commission

Rangnath Mishra

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Physics

CV Raman (1930)

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Literature

Rabindranath Tagore (1913)

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Economics

Dr Amartya Sen

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Medicines (Physiology)

Dr Har Govind Khorana

First Indian to get Bharat Ratna

Dr S Radhakrishnan, C Rajgopalchari and Dr CV Raman

First Person to be Honoured with the Jnanpith Award

G Sankara Kurup (Malayalam)

First Person to be get Bharat Ratna (Posthumously)

Lal Bahadur Shastri

First Cricket to get Padma Bhushan

CK Naidu

First Indian to get through ICS

Satyendra Nath Tagore (1869)

First Indian to swim across the English Channel

Mihir Sen (1958)

First in India (Female) First Indian Female Chairperson of Indian National Congress

Sorojini Naidu (1925)

First Woman to climb the Everest

Bechendri Pal (1984)

First Woman Cabinet Minister

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur (1947)

First Woman Chairman of the UN General Assembly

Vijaya Laxmi Pandit

First Woman President of India

Pratibha Devi Singh Patil

First Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha

Meira Kumar (2009)

First Woman Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha

Margaret Alva (1962)

First Woman Prime Minister of India

Indira Gandhi

First Woman to reach Antarctica

Meher Moos (1976)

First Woman IAS Officer

Anna Rajam George (1950)

First Female Chief Justice

Leela Seth (1991)

First Woman to win the Jnanpith Award

Asha Poorna Devi (1976)

First Woman to get the Bharat Ratna

Indira Gandhi

First Female Nobel Prize Winner

Mother Teresa (1979)

First Woman to complete century in World Cup Cricket

Thirush Kamini

First actress to be nominated to the Rajaya Sabha

Nargis Dutt

First Woman Chairperson of UPSC

Rose Millian Bathew (Kharbuli)

Books and Authors Author Name

Book Name

Author Name

Book Name

Alexander Dumas

The Three Musketeers

Dr C Rangarajan

Indian Economy:

Amartya Sen

Identity and Violence the

Essay on Money and Finance

Illusion of Destiny

Edward Luce

Inspite of the Gods

Amartya Sen

The Argumentative Indian

Eleanor Catton

The Luminaries

Amartya Sen

Development as Freedom

EM Forster

A Passage to India

Amitav Ghose

River of Smoke

Gen V P Malik

Kargil: Surprise to Victory

Amitav Ghose

Circle of Reason

Gunter Grass

The Tin Drum

Amrita Pritam

Death of a City

HR Bhardwaj

Law: Lawyers and Judges

Anita Desai

Clear Light of the Day

Herbert George Wells

Time Machine

Arun Shourie

A Secular Agenda

Indira Gandhi

My Truth

Arundhati Roy

The Algebra of Infinite Justice

Jai Shankar Prasad

Ajatha Shatru

Arundhati Roy

Greater Common Good

Jawaharlal Nehru

Discovery of India

Arundhati Roy

The God of Small Things

Jawaharlal Nehru

Glimpses of World History

Ashwaghosha

Budda Charitham

Jayaprakash Narayan

Prison Diary

Anung San Suu Kyi

Freedom from Fear

K Natwar Singh

Walking with Lions

Bankim Chandra Chatterji

Durgeshnandini

K Natwar Singh

Curtain Raisers

Bankim Chandra Chatterji

Anand Math

Kapil Dev

Straight from the Heart

Barack Obama

Dreams of My Father

Karl Marx

Das Kapital

Barrett Lee, Marina Chapman

The Girl with No Name

Benazir Bhutto

Pakistan the Gathering Storm

Khushwant Singh

Train to Pakistan

Javier Moro

The Red Saree

Kiran Bedi

I Dare

Chandrashekhar

Jail Dairy

Kiran Bedi

As I See

Charles Dickens

David Copperfield

Kiran Desai

The Inheritance of Loss

Chetan Bhagat

Revolution 2020 What Young

Kuldeep mathur

Too Old to be Bold

India Wants Half Girl Friend

LK Advani

A Prisoner’s Scrap

Chetan Bhagat

One Night at Call Centre

Mahatma Gandhi

My Experiments with Truth

Chitra Subramaniam

India for Sale

Mark Tully

The Heart of India

Dalai Lama

Freedom in Exile

Mulk Raj Anand

Untouchable

Dalai Lama

Ethics for New Millennium

Premchand

Godan

Dante

A Divine Comedy

RK Narayan

The Guide

Ruskin Bond

A Garland of Memories

Sorojini Naidu

Golden Threshold

Sorojini Naidu

The Broken Wings

Sir Richard Burton

Arabian Nights

Karl Marx and Fredrik Engels

Communist Manifesto

Books and Authors

International Decades

Author Name

Book Name

1997-2006

UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty

Sri Aurobindo Ghosh

Essays on Gita

2001-10

Second UN Decade for the Eradication of

Stephen Hawkings

A Brief History of Time

Taslima Nasreen

Koraner Nari

Thomas Pynchon

Against the Day

V S Naipaul

India: A Wounded Civilisation

VS Naipaul

Letters Between a Father and Son

Ved Vyas

Bhagwad Gita

International Year

Vikram Chandra

Love and Longing in Bombay

2008 Year of Good Governance (for SAARC Countries)

Vikram Seth

An Equal Music

2009 International Year of Astronomy

Vimal Kumar

Sachin Cricketer of the Century

2010 International Year of Biodiversity

VS Naipaul

An Area of Darkness

2011 International Year of Forest

VS Naipaul

Half a Life

2012 International Year of Cooperatives

VS Naipaul

Magic Seeds

2013 International Year of Water Cooperation

William Shakespeare

As You Like it

2014 International Year of Family Farming

Yuvraj Singh

The Test of My Life

2015 International Year of Light and Light based Technologies

Zoya Hasan

Congress After Indira

2016 International Year of Pulses

Colonialism 2001-10

International Decade for Culture of Peace and Non-violence for Children

2014-24

Decade of Sustainable Energy for All

Important dates and days of the Year January

March

1

Global Family Day

8

International Women’s Day

9

NRI Day

15

World Consumer Rights Day; World Disabled Day

12

Army Day

21

World Forestry Day, International for the Elimination

25

National Tourism Day, Voter’s Day

26

Indian Republic Day, International Day

22

World Water Day

28

Data Protection Day

23

World Meteorological Day

30

Martyr’s Day (Mahatma Gandhi’s Martyrdom),

24

World TB Day

World Leprosy Eradication Day

April

February

of Racial Discrimination

5

National Maritime Day , International Day for Mine

1

Global Family Day

Awareness

20

World Cancer Day

7

World Health Day

24

Central Excise Day

18

World Heritage Day

28

National Science Day

21

Civil Services Day

22

World Earth Day

May 1

International Labour Day (May Day)

3.

International Energy Day, World Press Freedom Day

8.

World Red Cross Day

21

Anti-Terrorism Day

October

17

World Telecommunications Day

2

June

International Non-Violence Day Lal Bahadur Shastri Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday

5

World Environment Day

3

World Habitat Day

12

World Day Against Child Labour

5

World Teacher’s Day

20

World Refugee day

8

Indian Air Force Day

21

International Yoga Day

16

World Food Day

27

International Diabetes Day

24

United Nations Day

July

November

4

American Independence Day

9

Legal Services Day

7

International day of Cooperatives

14

Children’s Day, World Diabetics Day

11

World Population Day

20

Universal Children’s Day (UN)

August

December

6

Hiroshima Day

1

World AIDS Day

8

World Senior Citizen’s Day

2

World Computer Literacy Day

12

International Youth Day

4

Navy Day

18

Day of the World’s Indigenous Persons

7

Armed Forces Flag Day

29 National Sports Day (Dhyanchand’s Birth Day)

10

Human Rights Day

September

16

Vijay Diwas

5

Teacher’s Day( Dr Radhakrishnan’s Birth Day)

14

Hindi Day, World First Aid Day

16

World Ozone Day

18

International Day of Peace

21

Biosphere Day

27

World Tourism Day

Superlatives (India ) (The largest, Biggest, Smallest, Longest, Highest etc) The longest River

The Ganga (2525KM)

The Largest Desert

Thar (Rajasthan)

The longest Canal

Indira Gandhi Canal or

The Largest Delta

Sunderbans (Paschim Banga)

Rajasthan Canal (Rajasthan) (649 km)

The state with maximum

The longest Dam

Hirakud Dam (Odisha) (26 km)

Forest Area

Madhya Pradesh (11.24%)

The longest Sea Beach

Marina Beach (Chennai) (13 km)

The Largest Zoo

Zoological Garden (Kolkata)

The highest Lake Largest Saline Water Lake The biggest River Island

Cholam Lake (Sikkim)

The Biggest Stadium The longest national Highway The highest Award

Yuva Bharti (Salt Lake) Stadium, Kolkata NH-7( Varansi to Kanakumari) Bharat Ratna

The highest Gallantry Award

Param Vir Chakra

The Largest Gurudwara Golden

Temple, Amritsar

Chilka Lake (Odisha) Majuli, Brahmaputra River(Asom)

The largest fresh Water Lake

Wular Lake (Jammu & Kashmir)

The higest Dam

Bhakhra Dam (740 Ft) on Satluej River

The Largest Cave Temple

Kailash Temple,(Ellora, Maharashtra)

(Punjab)

The Highest Peak

Godwin Austin 1,K2(8611m)

The Highest Waterfall

Kunchikal Falls (Karnataka) (455m,1493ft)

The largest Mosque

Jama Masjid (Delhi)

The Deepest River Valley

Bhagirathi and Alaknanda

The longest Tunnel

Jawahar Tunnel, Banihal Pass

The longest River Bridge

Mahatma Gandhi Setu,Patna (5.575 km)

The Biggest Cantilever Bridge

Rabindra Setu or Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)

The state with longest Coastline

Gujarat (1600 km)

(Jammu & Kashmir) The largest Auditorium

Sri Shanmukhanand Hall (Mumbai)

The largest Animal Fair

Sonepur (Bihar)

The largest Cave

Amarnath (Jammu & Kashmir)

The highest Gate Way

Buland Darwaja Fathpur Sikri

The longest river

(Uttar Pradesh)

without Delta

Narmada

The longest Sea Bridge

Bandra-Worli Sea link (5.6 km)

The largest artificial Lake

Govind Sagar Khakhra Nangal (HP)

The longest River of Southern India

The Tallest Statue

Veera Abhaya Anajaneya Hanuman Swami (Andhra Pradesh,135ft)

The largest public Sector Bank

Godavari (1465 km)

The longest Railway Platform

Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh (1366.33m)

The longest Road

Grand Trunk Road (Kolkata to Delhi)

The longest Corridor

Corridor of Ramanathswami Temple at Rameshwaram (Tamil Nadu)

The highest Road

Road at Khardungla (in Leh-Manali Sector)

The highest Airport

Leh Airport (Ladakh)

State Bank Of India

The most Populous City

Mumbai (Maharashtra)

The biggest Church

Saint Cathedral at Old Goa (Goa)

The highest Battlefield

Siachen Glacier (5753 m)

Award and Honours International Nobel Prize   

The most prestigious award in the world. It was set-up in 1900 under the will of Alfred Bernhard Nobel. The Nobel Prizes are presented annually on 10th December (The death anniversary of the founder) It is given in the fields of Peace, Literature, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine (from1901) and Economics (from 1969)

Winners of Nobel Prize form India Winner

Field

Year

Kailash Satyarthi

Peace

2014

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Chemistry

2009

Amartry Sen

Economics

1998

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Physics

1983

Mother Teresa

Peace

1979

Hargobind Khorana

Medicine

1968

CV Raman

Physics

1930

Rabindranath Tagore

Literature

1913

Grammy Awards 

It is awarded for the austanding aehievemenls in the music industry by National Academy for Recording Arts and Sciencer, Amencer. It was started in 1959. Pt. Rain Shankar got this 3 Times

Pulitzer Prize 

Instituted in 1917 and named after US publisher Joseph Pulitzer.



It is conferred annually in the United States for the accomplishments in journalism, literature and music.

Magsaysay Awards 

Instituted in 1957. Named after Ramon Magsaysay, the former President of Philippines.



The award is given annually on 31th August, the birth anniversary of Magsaysay, for outstanding contributions in Public service, community leadership, Journalism, Literature and Creative Arts and International Understanding.

Right Livelihood Awards 

The Right Livelihood Award was established in 1980.



It is also referred as ‘Alternative Nobel Prize’



It is given to persons to honour those “working on practical and exemplary solutions to the most urgent challenges facing the world today.”

Oscar Awards 

Instituted in 1929, these awards are conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Science, USA, in recognition of outstanding contribution in the various fields of film making.



The Indian films nominated for Oscar are Mother India (1957), Salam Bambay (1988), Lagan (2001),



Bhanu Athanya was the first India to win and Oscar Award in 1982 for costume design is Gandi.

UN Human Right Awards 

Instituted in 1966, this award is given every 5 years for individual contributions to the establishment of human rights.

National Bharat Ratna 

Bharat Ratna is India’s Highest Civilian Award. It was first awarded in 1954.



The actual award is designed in the shape of peepal leaf with Bharat Ratna inscribed in Devanagri script in the Sun Figure.



The reverse side of the decoration Satyamevea Jayate has been written in Hindi with an inscription of state emblem.



The emblem the sun and the rim are of platinum. The inscriptions are in burnished bronze.

Republic Day Awards Padma Awards They fall in line after the Bharat Ratna. They were also discontinued in 1977 along with the Bharat Ratna and award was started again in 1980. 

Padma Vibhushan is the second highest National Award given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by government employees.



Padma Bhushan is the third highest National Award given for distinguished service in any field.



Padma Shri is the fourth highest Award given for distinguished service in any field.

Gallantry Awards 

Param Vir Chakra is the highest decoration of valour award. It is the most conspicuous act of bravery or some act of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of bronze.



Mahavir Chakra is the second highest gallantry award for acts of conspicuous in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.



Vir Chakra is the awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.



Ashok Chakra This is awarded for valour, courageous action or sacrifice, away from the battlefield. It is highest military award during peacetime.



Kirti Chakra The decoration is awarded for conspicuous gallantry. It is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. The obverse and the reverse are exactly the same as in Ashoka Chakra.



Shaurya Chakra the decoration is awarded for an act of gallantry during peacetime.

Sports Awards 

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is instituted in 1991-92 with the objective of honouring most outstanding sports-person to enhance their general status. It is the highest award bestowed to a sports person in India. The amount of prize money is 750000.



Arjuna Award instituted in 1961 by the Government of India to recognize outstanding achievement in National Sports. The award carries a cash price 5 Lakh, a bronze statue of Arjuna and scroll of honour.



Dronacharya Award instituted in 1985 by the government of India to reconise excellence in sports coaching. The award carries a cash prize of 5 Lakh, a bronze statue of Dronacharya and a scroll of honour.



Dhyanchand Award instituted in 2002, carries a cash prize of 1.5 Lakh, a plaque and a scroll of honour. This honour is given to those sportspersons who have contributed to sportspersons, and sports by their performance and continue to contribute their promotion for sports even after their retirement from active sporting career.

Indain Cinema Awards Dadasaheb Phalke Award 

Dadasaheb Phalke is known as the Father of Indian Cinema. The highest National Film Award is named after him in 1869.



Dhundiraj Govind (Dadasheb) Phalke’s silent feature film, Raja Harishchandra released at Coronation Theatre in 1913, was first indigenous feature film of India.



Ardeshir irani in 1931, released first full length talkies film Alam Ara at Majestic Cinema, Mumbai. Master vithal was the first talkie hero.



Mrs Devika Rani Roerich was the first person to receive Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1969.

Other National Awards Bhartiya Jnapith Award 

Instituted in 22nd May, 1961 carries a cash prize of 5 Lakh, a citation and a bronze replica of Vagdevi (Saraswati).



This award is given for the best literary writing by an Indian citizen in a language listed in Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

Gandhi Peace Prize 

Established in 2nd October, 1994, on the occasion of the 125th birthday anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, carries a cash prize of 1 Crore.



Indian Government instituted this annual prize to encourage and promote the significance of Gandhian value over the world.

Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace Disarmament and Development 

Instituted in 1985, this prestigious award is regarded as ‘Nobel’ and over the years, it has been awarded to those persons who have done outstanding work for international peace, disarmament and development.

Borlaug Award 

Instituted in 1973, carries a cash prize of 1 Lakh.



Instituted to honour outstanding agricultural scientists.

Sahitya Akademi Award 

Awarded for outstanding literary work and carries a cash prize of 1 Lakh.



Sahitya Academi gives 22 awards for literary works in the languages which has recognized works.

Sports Olympics 

Olympics games were started in 776 BC on Mount Olympia in the honour of Greek God, ‘Zeus’. The modern Olympics games were started in Athens ,the capital of Greece on 6th April,1896 with great efforts made by French nobleman, Baron Pierre De Coubertin.



The Olympic Games are organized after every 4 years. The Olympic flag is made up of white silk and contains five intertwined rings as the Olympic Emblem.



The five interlaced rings are arranged in 3-2 pattern on a white Background, with the blue ring to the extreme left, followed by yellow,black, green and red, in the same order, Blue for Europe, Black for Africa, Red for Americas (North and South America), Yellow for Asia and Green for Oceania (Australia and New Zeland).



The official Olympic Motto is Citius, Altius, Fortius, a latin phrase meaning Swifter, Higher, Stronger. The Head Office of International Olympic Committee (IOC) is at Lausanne (Switzerland).

Commonwealth Games 

The first Commonwealth Games Were held in 1930 in Hamilton, Canada.



Since 1930, the games have been conducted every 4 years except for 1942 and 1946 due to World War II.



There are currently 54 members of the Commonwealth of Nations, and 71 teams participated in the games.



21st commonwealth Games 2018 will be held in Gold Coast City, Queensland, Australia.

Commonwealth Games 

The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, are a multi-sport event held every 4 years among athletes from all over Asia.



The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA).under the supervision of the International Olympic committee (IOC).the first Asian Games were held in 1951 in New Delhi (India). 18the Asian Games of 2018 will be held at Jakarta (Indonesia)

Cricket World Cup 

The first Cricket World Cup was organized in England in 1975. A separate women’s Cricket World Cup has been held every 4 years since 1973.

List of Cricket world Cup 1975

England

West Indies beat Australia

1979

England

West Indies beat Australia

1983

England

India beat West Indies

1987

India

Australia beats England

1992

Australia

Pakistan beats England

1996

Pakistan

Sri Lanka beats Australia

1999

England

Australia beats Pakistan

2003

South Africa

Australia beats India

2007

West Indies

Australia bets Sri Lanka

2011

India

India beats Sri Lanka

2015

Australia and

2019

New Zealand

Scheduled

England

Scheduled

T-20 Cricke World Cup 2007

South Africa

India beat Pakistan

2009

England

Pakistan beat Sri Lanka

2010

West Indies

England beat Australia

2012

Sri Lanka

West Indies beats Sri Lanka

2014

Bangladesh

Sri Lanka beats India

Hockey World Cup The first Hockey World Cup was organized in Barcelona (Spain) in 1971. Women’s Hockey World Cup has been held since 1974. The 13th Hockey World cup held in the Netherland (Hague) in 2014. In the men’s, Australia become the champion and in the women’s, Netherland became the champion.

Football World Cup The Football World Cup is organized by FIFA (Federation of International Football Association).

United Nations Organisation (UNO) 

The United Nations (UN) is a world organisation formed in 24 th October 1945. It came into existence after World War II, when the leaders of the world, including American President Roosevelt and British Pirme Minister Churchill, decided to create a World organisation that woruld help to ensure peace.



The original membership of 51 nations has grown to 193 members. The 193 rd member being the newly created South Sudan. The united Nations Headquarters is in New York City. The UN also has offices in Nairobi (Kenya), Geneva (Switzerland) and Vienna (Austria).



The General Assembly is the main place for discussions and policy making in the United Nations.



The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council is made up of 15 members.



There are five permanent members of the Security Concil-China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and USA and 10 non-permanent members elected for 2 years terms starting on 1st January.

Non- Permanent Member of UNSC Country

Term Began

Term Ends

Angola

2015

2016

Malaysia

2015

2016

New Zealand

2015

2016

Spain

2015

2016

Venezuela

2015

2016

Chad

2014

2015

Chile

2014

2015

Jordan

2014

2015

Lithuania

2014

2015

Nigeria

2014

2015



In year 2013, Saudi Arabia refused to accept the Non-permanent member seat in UNSC, as a mark of protest against the perceived inaction by world body against Syria. In its place, Jardan has become member of UNSC for term 2014-15.



The International court of justice (ICJ), located in the Hague, Netherl-ands, is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations, established in 1945 by the United Nations, charter, the Court began work in 1946, as the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice.



Trygve Lie of Norway (1946-52) was the first Secretary-General of the UN.



Ban Ki-Moon of South Korea is the present Secretary-General of the UN.

Some Important UN Agencies Name

Ested in

Headquarter

Purpose

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International Telecommunication 1865 Geneva Sets international regulations for ratio telegraph, Union (ITU) telephone and space ratio communications -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International Labour 1919 Geneva To improve conditions and , Organisation (ILO) living standards of workers -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International Monetary 1945 Washington Promotes international Fund (IMF) DC monetary cooperation. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------United Nations international 1945 New York To promotes Children’s Welfare all Children’s Emergency Fund over the world (UNESCO) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Food and Agricultural 1945 Rome To promotes living conditions of Origination (FAO) rural population. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------United Nations Educational, 1946 Paris To promote collaboration among Scientific and Cultural nations through educations, science Organisation (UNESCO) and culture. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------World Health 1948 Geneva Attainment of highest possible Organisation (WHO) level of health by all people. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International Atomic Energy 1957 Vienna To promote peaceful uses of , Agency (IAEA) atomic energy. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International Development 1960 Washington An affiliate of the World Bank, Association (IDA) DC aims to help under-developed Countries raise living standards. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------United Nations Environment 1965 New York Helps developing countries Programme (UNDP) increase the wealth producing Capabilities of their natural and Human resources. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------United Nations Environmental 1972 Nairobi Promotes international, Programme (UNEP) cooperation in human environment. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------World Trade 1995 Geneva setting rules for world trade to Organisation (WTO) reduce triffs. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------United Nations Office on Drugs 1997 Vienna To preventillict trafficking and , And Crime(UNODC) abuse of drug, crime prevention -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UN Women 2010 New York City To enable member states to , (USA) achieve gen den equality and Women empowerment.

Other International Organisations and Groups Name

Ested in Headquarter Member

Objective

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The Commonwealth 1926 London 53 it was originally known as ‘The British Commonwealth of Nations’. It is an association of sovereign and independent states which formally made up the British empire. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Asia Pacific Economic 1989 Singapore 21 To promote trade and investment in the Pacific basin. Cooperation (APEC) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Asian Development Bank (ADB) 1966 Manila 67 To promote regional economic cooperation. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Association of South-East Asian 1967 Jakarta 10 Regional, economics, social and cultural cooperation among the Nations (ASEAN) non-communist countries of South-East Asia. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Commonwealth of independent 1991 Minsk(Belarus) 11 To coordinate inter-common wealth relations and to provide a. State (CIS) mechanism for the orderly dissolution of the USSR. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Group of 8 (G-8) 1985 _______ 9 To promote cooperation among major non-communist . Powers. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Group of 15 (G-15) 1989 Geneva(Switzerland) 18 To promote economic cooperation among developing nations. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International Olympic 1894 Lausanne(Switzerland) 105 To promote the olympic ideals and administer Olympic games . Committee(IOC) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International Organisation for 1947 Geneva(Switzerland) 166 To promoted the development of international standards. Standardusation (ISO) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Non –Aligned Movement (NAM) 1961 -----------115 Political cooperation and separate itself form both USA and USSAR (in the cold-war era). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------European Union 1965 Brussels(Belgium) 28 To create a united Europe in which member countries would have (w.e.f 1st July, 1967) such strong economic and political bonds that war would cease to be a recurring fact. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------North Atlantic Treaty 1949 Brussels(Belgium) 28 Mutual defence and cooperation. Organisation (NATO) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Organisation of Petroleum 1960 Vienna (Austria) 12 Attempts to set world prices by controlling oil production and also Exporting Countries (OPEC) pursues member interest in trade and development. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------South Asian Association for 1985 Kathmandu (Nepal) 8 To promote economic, social and cultural cooperation Regional Cooperation (SAARC) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Amnesty International (AL) 1961 London (UK) To keep a watch over human rights violation worldwide. Got Nobel Exporting Countries (OPEC) Prize in 1977 for Peace. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------World wildlife Fund (WWF) for 1960 Gland, (Switzerland) All To save the wildlife from extinction. Nature countries ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------