DFW Airport Air Quality Overview

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Environmental Affairs Department DFW Airport Air Quality Overview Presentation at DFW Nonattainment Area Techn...
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Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Environmental Affairs Department DFW Airport Air Quality Overview Presentation at DFW Nonattainment Area Technical Meeting November 5, 2013

Kris Russell Senior Environmental Analyst Environmental Affairs Department

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

Agenda

    

Airport Emissions in the State Implementation Plan (SIP) Airside vs. Landside Emissions Sources DFW Airport Emissions Trends Aircraft Emissions Overview Future fleet mix impacts to regional air quality

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

Airport Emissions Sources

AIRSIDE Aircraft GSE APUs

LANDSIDE Public Vehicles Taxis

Shuttles Airport Fleet

Purchased Electricity Bus Fleet Airport Utilities

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

2000-2012 NOx AIR QUALITY EMISSIONS TRENDS DFW Airport Board Stationary Sources 70

60

KEY METRIC: NOx emissions (a precursor to ozone) have been reduced by over 95% since 1996

40

30

20

10

0

Emissions (Tons)

50

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

2000-2012 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TRENDS Thousands

DFW Airport Board Stationary Sources 40 35 30

Metric Tons

25 20 15 10

5 0

KEY METRIC: Greenhouse Gas emissions have been reduced by 54% in the past decade

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS DFW INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY USAGE

kWh 0

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2012

-10 -20 -30

-20,000

-40

-30,000

-50 -60

-40,000

-50,000

-70 U.S. EPA GREEN POWER PARTNERSHIP: DFW Airport ranks No. 8 nationally on the U.S. EPA's Top Local Government list for green power purchases

-80 -90

-60,000

-100

Energy Reductions (kWh)

Emissions Reductions (Metric Tons)

-10,000

2011

Millions

CO2 Equivalents 0

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

Aircraft Emissions  Ground-level emissions = Landing and Take-off Cycle  Aircraft Operations vs. GSE/APU Operations  Aircraft Fleet Mix [Regional Jets, Narrow-body, Wide-body Aircraft]

Aircraft 95%

Ground Support Equipment 3% Auxilary Power Unit 2%

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

AIRCRAFT GROUND-LEVEL NOx EMISSIONS (TPY) FAA EDMS Model 5.1.4.1 results based on 1 daily departure - Boeing 737-800

Taxi-out

TakeOff

ClimbOut

Approach and Landing

Taxi-in

0.3 0.6 0.5 2.7 0.5

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

Aircraft Landing and Takeoff Cycle (LTO)  Taxi in/Taxi Out = 26 min  Takeoff = 1 min 36 sec  Climbout = 26 sec  Approach = 3 min 44 sec  Landing = 17 sec

60%

70%

80%

90%

100%

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

2012 FLEET MIX Aircraft Boeing MD-82 Embraer ERJ145 Boeing MD-83 Boeing 737-800 Embraer ERJ140 Boeing 757-200 Embraer ERJ135 Airbus A319-100 Bombardier CRJ-700 Airbus A320-200 Airbus A321-200 Bombardier CRJ-200 Embraer ERJ175 other TOTAL

Operations 139,524 124,275 86,397 69,253 44,061 23,880 20,735 19,930 13,978 12,625 2,832 1,079 8,694 65,774 633,037

% Fleet 22% 20% 14% 11% 7% 4% 3% 3% 2% 2% 0.4% 0.2% 1% 10% 100%

2018 FLEET MIX Aircraft Boeing 737-800 Airbus A320-200 Embraer ERJ145 Airbus A319-100 Bombardier CRJ-200 Embraer ERJ140 Airbus A321-200 Embraer ERJ175 Bombardier CRJ-700 Boeing 757-200 Boeing MD-82 Boeing MD-83 Embraer ERJ135 other TOTAL

Operations 176,863 146,547 133,170 59,889 43,283 43,205 29,310 22,744 22,505 16,984 0 0 0 70,724 765,223

% Fleet 23% 19% 17% 8% 6% 6% 4% 3% 3% 2% 0% 0% 0% 9% 100%

NOTE: 21% increase in total operations from 2012 to 2018

AIRCRAFT EMISSIONS COMPARISON based on FAA Emissions Dispersion Modeling System, Version 5.1.4.1

120 110 100 TPY (General Conformity Threshold)

NOx Emissions (tons per year)

100 90 80

1 Gate Turn/day

70

2 Gate Turn/day

60

3 Gate Turn/day

50

4 Gate Turns/day

40 30 20 10 0

FLEET REPLACEMENT AIR QUALITY BENEFITS CURRENT vs. NEW AIRCRAFT FLEET based on 1 Gate Turn/day [365 Annual Departures]

18.0 16.0

13%

NOx Emissions (Tons per Year)

14.0 12.0

31%

10.0 8.0

38%

6.0 4.0

5%

60% 34%

2.0 0.0

35%

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

General Conformity Overview  Purpose  Prevent air quality impacts of Federal actions from causing a violation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards  Prevent Federal actions from interfering with a State Implementation Plan (SIP)

 Trigger  Federal actions: approval, permitting, licensing, funding, grants or contracts  Example: changes to the airport layout plan requiring FAA approval

 Requirements  DFW Environmental Affairs conducts “applicability analyses” for all projects requiring a federal action  General Conformity Determination if emissions exceed de minimis threshold

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

General Conformity Overview

 Air Quality Impacts  “Emissions that would not otherwise occur in the absence of the federal action”

 Total Annual Emissions  Direct Emissions: caused by the project (e.g. construction emissions)  Indirect Emissions: occur after the project (e.g. new aircraft operations)

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

State Implementation Plan (SIP) – DFW Ozone Nonattainment Area

2018

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

 TCEQ will adopt revised SIP by May 2015  EPA attainment deadline of December 2018

DFW AIRPORT AIR QUALITY OVERVIEW, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

THANK YOU

Kris Russell [email protected] Senior Environmental Analyst Environmental Affairs Department DFW Worth International Airport

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