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30/06/2011 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS PROCESOS CONSTRUCTIVOS 1 CREMASCHI-MARSILI-SAENZ CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 2011 EL SUELO CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS...
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30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS PROCESOS CONSTRUCTIVOS 1 CREMASCHI-MARSILI-SAENZ CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 2011 EL SUELO CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS VEAMOS ALGUNAS IMÁGENES CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 1

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 2

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 3

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 4

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 5

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 6

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 7

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS VOLÚMENES Y PESOS DE LAS FASES DEL SUELO CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS EL SUELO ES UN SISTEMA TRIFÁSICO

AGUA EN EL SUELO AGUA GRÁVICA AGUA RETENIDA HIGROSCÓPICA CAPILAR

VOLÚMENES

PESOS

Vt = Volumen Total Vs = Volumen de la fase sólida Vw = Volumen de la fase líquida (Agua) Va = Volumen de la fase gaseosa (Aire) Vv = Volumen de vacíos

Wt = Peso Total Ws = Peso de la fase sólida Wa = Peso de la fase gaseosa Ww = Peso de la fase líquida (Agua)

Vv = Vw + Va Vt = Vs + Vv = Vs + Vw + Va

PESO DE LA FASE SÓLIDA (Ws) Se determina secando el suelo en estufa a 105 ºC durante 24 horas

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CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS RELACIÓN DE PESOS Y VOLÚMENES PESO ESPECÍFICO γS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS VOLÚMENES Y PESOS DE LAS FASES DEL SUELO CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS RELACIÓN DE PESOS Y VOLÚMENES DENSIDAD APARENTE  CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS  CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS    CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS d < sbs < s CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS VOLÚMENES Y PESOS DE LAS FASES DEL SUELO

EL PESO ESPECÍFICO O DENSIDAD REAL, ES EL PESO VOLUMÉTRICO DE LA FASE SÓLIDA

ES LLAMADO TAMBIÉN PESO VOLUMÉTRICO DE LOS SÓLIDOS

γS DE ALGUNOS SUELOS

ARENA DE CUARZO

2,64 a 2,66 gr/cm3

LIMO

2,67 a 2,73 gr/cm3

ARCILLAS

2,70 a 2,90 gr/cm3

LOESS

2,65 a 2,75 gr/cm3

TURBA

1,30 a 1,90 gr/cm3

LA DENSIDAD BRUTA O APARENTE ES EL PESO POR UNIDAD DE VOLUMEN O PVU INCLUYE EL PESO DE LAS FASES LÍQUIDA Y SÓLIDA

LA DENSIDAD APARENTE SECO

DEPENDE DEL CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD SUB-SATURADO

d

sbs

SATURADO

s

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30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS  e CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS  e, CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS e1 e2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS PVU1 PVU2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS e1 = e2 Y PVU1 = PVU2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS FACTORES QUE AFECTAN e y PVU CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS  e CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS e1 - PVU1 e2 - PVU2 e1 - PVU1 e2 - PVU2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS e1 > e2 Y PVU1 < PVU2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS RELACIONES FUNDAMENTALES

DENSIDAD APARENTE

O PESO VOLUMÉTRICO UNITARIO PVU

Y RELACIÓN DE VACÍOS

LA DENSIDAD APARENTE O PESO VOLUMÉTRICO UNITARIO PVU Y LA RELACIÓN DE VACÍOS NO DEPENDEN DEL TAMAÑO DE LAS PARTÍCULAS SIEMPRE QUE ESTAS SEAN UNIFORMES Y MANTENGAN LA MISMA DISPOSICIÓN, ES DECIR SIEMPRE QUE NO SE MODIFIQUE SU “EMPAQUETAMIENTO”

EN LOS DOS CASOS Vs Y Vt SON LOS MISMOS ENTONCES:

LA DENSIDAD APARENTE

O PESO VOLUMÉTRICO UNITARIO PVU

Y LA RELACIÓN DE VACÍOS DEPENDEN DE LA DISPOSICIÓN DE LAS PARTÍCULAS ES DECIR DEL EMPAQUETAMIENTO

PRIMER CASO

SEGUNDO CASO

PRIMER CASO

SEGUNDO CASO

EN EL SEGUNDO CASO DE LOS DOS EJEMPLOS PARA UN MISMO Vs SE REDUCEN Vv Y Vt ENTONCES:

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FACTORES QUE AFECTAN e y PVU LA DENSIDAD APARENTE  O PESO VOLUMÉTRICO UNITARIO PVU Y LA RELACIÓN DE VACÍOS e, DEPENDEN DEL EMPAQUETAMIENTO Y

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS e1 - PVU1 e2 - PVU2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS e1 > e2 Y PVU1 < PVU2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS GRANULOMETRÍA CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS DE LA GRANULOMETRÍA, ES DECIR, DE LA GRADACIÓN DE LAS PARTICULAS PRIMER CASO

SEGUNDO CASO

PARA LA MISMA UNIDAD DE VOLUMEN EN EL PRIMER CASO HAY DOS TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS EN EL SEGUNDO CASO HAY TRES TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS ENTONCES:

DETERMINACIÓN DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN DE LAS PARTÍCULAS POR TAMAÑO EN UNA MUESTRA DE SUELO

MUESTRA DE SUELO

FRACCIÓN GRUESA

FRACCIÓN INTERMEDIA

FRACCIÓN FINA

GRANULOMETRÍA PROCEDIMIENTO => ANÁLISIS GRANULOMÉTRICO => CURVA GRANULOMETRICA => Fracción mayor a 0,075 mm (Tamiz #200) => Análisis por vía seca => Tamizado => Fracción menor a 0,075 mm (Tamiz #200) => Análisis por vía húmeda => Método del Hidrómetro

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DETERMINACIÓN GRANULOMETRÍA POR TAMIZADO

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS GRANULOMETRÍA CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS GRADUACIÓN

SUELO BIEN GRADUADO

EXISTE UNA GRADUACIÓN CONTINUA DE TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS

SUELO MAL GRADUADO

EXISTE UNA GRADUACIÓN UNIFORME DE TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS

SUELO CON GRADUACIÓN DISCONTINUA

EXISTE UNA GRADUACIÓN DISCONTINUA DE TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS

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SUELOS DE CARACTERÍSTICAS ESPECIALES

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS LOS SUELOS EXPANSIVOS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS LOS SUELOS DISPERSIVOS O EROSIONABLES CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS Y LOS SUELOS COLAPSABLES CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS ADEMÁS, EN MECÁNICA DE SUELOS SE TAMBIÉN SE DIFERENCIAN DE ACUERDO CON CIERTAS CARACTERÍSTICAS ESPECIALES QUE DETERMINAN SU COMPORTAMIENTO.

DENTRO DE LOS SUELOS ESTRUCTURALMENTE ESTABLES SE DISTINGUEN SE EXPANDEN CUANDO AUMENTA EL PORCENTAJE DE HUMEDAD Y SE CONTRAEN DURANTE LA DESECACIÓN. ALTAMENTE ACTIVOS FRENTE A CAMBIOS CÍCLICOS EN EL CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD.

DENTRO DE LOS SUELOS ESTRUCTURALMENTE INESTABLES SE DISTINGUEN ALTA VULNERABILIDAD A LA PRESENCIA DE AGUA. REDUCEN SU VOLUMEN POR SUSPENSIÓN Y/O ARRASTRE DE PARTÍCULAS. SE CLASIFICAN EN EROSIONABLES Y DISPERSIVOS.

ALTA RESISTENCIA EN SECO, PERO ALTA VULNERABILIDAD A LA PRESENCIA DE AGUA. SE ALTERA LA CONFORMACIÓN ESTRUCTURAL Y LOS SUELOS REDUCEN SU VOLUMEN CON EL AUMENTO DE LA HUMEDAD Y LA SATURACIÓN. SE CLASIFICAN EN AUTOCOLAPSABLES Y POTENCIALMENTE COLAPSABLES.

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CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 14

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS PROCESO CÍCLICO DE EXPANSIÓN-CONTRACCIÓN

15

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS A CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS Btss1 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS Btss2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS BCk CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS RASGOS MORFOLÓGICOS SUB-SUPERFICIALES AGREGADOS CUNEIFORMES

Agregado cuneiforme o esfenoide

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CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS DISTRIBUCIÓN DE TENSIONES CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 17

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 18

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 19

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 20

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RECONOCIMIENTO DE SUELOS EXPANSIVOS RASGOS MORFOLÓGICOS

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS LA ACTIVIDAD DE EXPANSIÓN-CONTRACCIÓN FRENTE A CAMBIOS CÍCLICOS EN EL CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD, PUEDE RECONOCERSE MEDIANTE LA OBSERVACIÓN EN CAMPO DE UN CONJUNTO DE RASGOS MORFOLÓGICOS SUPERFICIALES Y SUB-SUPERFICIALES.

PROPIEDADES ÍNDICES O PARÁMETROS DE ATTERBERG

LÍMITE LÍQUIDO:

CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD A PARTIR DEL CUAL EL SUELO SE COMPORTA COMO UN FUIDO VISCOSO. SE EXPRESA EN % DE HUMEDAD

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PROPIEDADES ÍNDICES O PARÁMETROS DE ATTERBERG

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS LÍMITE PLÁSTICO:

CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD A PARTIR DEL CUAL EL SUELO DEJA DE COMPORTARSE COMO UN MATERIAL PLÁSTICO. SE EXPRESA EN % DE HUMEDAD

PROPIEDADES ÍNDICES O PARÁMETROS DE ATTERBERG

LÍMITE DE CONTRACCIÓN:

CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD A PARTIR DEL CUAL EL SUELO YA NO REDUCE SU VOLUMEN. SE EXPRESA EN % DE HUMEDAD

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GRANULOMETRÍA CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS INDIRECTOS EMPÍRICOS Y CUALITATIVOS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS DIRECTOS SEMICUANTITATIVOS DIRECTOS CUANTITATIVOS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS RELACIÓN DE MÉTODOS DIRECTOS E INDIRECTOS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS GRADUACIÓN

SUELO BIEN GRADUADO

EXISTE UNA GRADUACIÓN CONTINUA DE TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS

SUELO MAL GRADUADO

EXISTE UNA GRADUACIÓN UNIFORME DE TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS

SUELO CON GRADUACIÓN DISCONTINUA

EXISTE UNA GRADUACIÓN DISCONTINUA DE TAMAÑOS DE PARTÍCULAS

RECONOCIMIENTO DE SUELOS EXPANSIVOS DETERMINACIONES Y ENSAYOS DE LABORATORIO

LA ACTIVIDAD DE EXPANSIÓN-CONTRACCIÓN FRENTE A CAMBIOS CÍCLICOS EN EL CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD, PUEDE DETERMINARSE MEDIANTE DISTINTOS MÉTODOS Y ENSAYOS DE LABORATORIO. ENTRE MUCHOS OTROS:

BASADOS EN LAS PROPIEDADES ÍNDICES LÍMITE LÍQUIDO (LL) LÍMITE PLÁSTICO (LP) LÍMITE DE CONTRACCIÓN (LC) INDICE PLÁSTICO (IP) INDICE DE CONTRACCIÓN (IC)

RELACIÓN ENTRE LAS PROPIEDADES ÍNDICES Y PORCENTAJE DE FINOS < 2 ÍNDICE DE ACTIVIDAD

ENSAYO DE EXPANSIÓN LIBRE

ENSAYO DE EXPANSIÓN POTENCIAL

RELACIÓN ENTRE POTENCIAL DE EXPANSIÓN Y PROPIEDADES ÍNDICES

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CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS A CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS Btss1 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS Btss2 CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS BCk CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS A Btss1 Btss2 BCk CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS PROFUNDIDAD DE LA ZONA ACTIVA PERFIL DE HUMEDAD, PROFUNDIDAD Y HUMEDAD DE EQUILIBRIO

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CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 25

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SUELOS EROSIONABLES

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS SUELOS EROSIONABLES CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS AMBIENTE EN EL QUE SE DESARROLLAN

RASGOS MORFOLÓGICOS SUB-SUPERFICIALES

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Deslizamiento en Tartagal CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS COMO RESUMEN CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS • A. Los suelos tienen: • B. • El comportamiento de CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS los mismos varía • Distinta capacidad de CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS según el tenor de soporte. humedad. • Distinto grado de CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS cohesividad entre sus CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS partículas CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 27

30/06/2011

CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS Conocer el suelo CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS • Nos permitirá planificar CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS fundaciones más eficaces y CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS eficientes para nuestra CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS arquitectura. CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS•CMS 28