Clean Adsorption Drying

Heat Regenerated Adsorption Dryers Clean Adsorption Drying The Importance of dry and clean Compressed Air residual moisture is a requirement respe...
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Heat Regenerated Adsorption Dryers

Clean Adsorption Drying

The Importance of dry and clean Compressed Air

residual moisture is a requirement respectively for

In nearly all areas of the industry compressed air is

is applied.

pressure dewpoints below 0 °C, adsorption drying

one of the indispensable working medias. The appliand regulating air is just as self-evident as the appli-

System Construction from a Single Source

cation in the process technology. The atmospheric

Donaldson plans, designs and manufactures com-

inlet air of the compressor contains harmful sub-

plete solutions that are tailored to individual cus-

stances and impurities. Moisture in the form of

tomer's needs. Due to the close link between

vapour is condensed out into the compressed air

technical design and manufacture, customized

network. This causes expensive damages and a

systems arise from a single source for the benefit

loss in quality. Therefore processing concepts con-

of customers. Particular emphasis is placed on the

sisting of filtration and drying are an integral part of

ease of maintenance, by incorporating accessibility

every compressed air application. The drying meth-

of all wearing parts in the design.

cation as working, conveying, measuring, control

od is determined by the application. Where very low

Choice of Heat Regenerated Adsorption Dryers Adsorption Dryer Climate Conditions

HRE

HRG

Moderate Subtropical Tropical

Moderate

Energy-savings Regeneration

HRS

• Desorption in counter current flow to the adsorption direction with externally heated blower air • Cooling in counter current flow with partial flow (2 %) of the already dried compressed air

Climate Zone

HRS-L

Moderate

Moderate Subtropical Tropical

Zero Purge

Zero Purge

Zero Purge

• Desorption in cocurrent flow to the adsorption direction with externally heated blower air • Cooling by blower air

• Desorption in counter current flow to the adsorption direction with externally heated blower air • Cooling by blower air

• Desorption in counter current flow to the adsorption direction with externally heated blower air • Closed-loop cycle (Loop Version)

Various Customer Solutions

(under consideration of investment costs and ongoing energy costs)

Total costs

HRE (very flexible solution, suitable for all climate zones)

(a) Investment costs + (b) Energy costs

(a) one-time investment costs

(b) o

Moderate

2

Subtropical

Tropical

n

g goin

ene

rgy

cost

HRG (standard solution)

s

HRS (highly energy-saving solution)

1½ Year

¾ Year 1. Year

2. Year

Time after commissioning

Adsorption Dryer Type HRE and HRG

Heat Regenerated Adsorption Dryers HRE, HRG, HRS, HRS-L

sibilities for variation. The standard program includes

The externally heated adsorption dryers of the HRE,

sure dewpoints down to -70 °C.

system sizes of 375 m³ / h to 13,600 m³ / h for pres-

HRG, HRS, and HRS-L models offer versatile pos-

Adsorption Dryer HRE

Adsorption Dryer HRG

As with all externally heated adsorption dryers the

The HRG models, designed according to the co-

desorption of the moisture adsorbed in the desic-

current concept, also belong to the family of blower

cant of the HRE models takes place with the heat-

air regenerated adsorption dryers. The ambient air

ed blower air stream. The cooling of the desiccant

drawn in by the blower cools the desiccant that

is conducted with partial flow of the already dried

was heated during the desorption phase. Thus,

compressed air. Because the cooling process is

compressed air is not used during the desorption or

independent of the ambient conditions the HRE

cooling phase.

models can be used worldwide.

Features and Benefits:

Features and Benefits:

• All Climate Zones

• Energy-saving (Zero Purge)

• Low Investment Costs

• Low Investment Costs

• Easy Maintenance

• Easy Maintenance

Energy Saving (Zero Purge)

Type HRE Size 2750

Type HRS Size 6000

3

Adsorption Dryer Type HRS

Adsorption Dryer HRS

Desorption Phase without consuming

The desorption and cooling in the HRS system

Compressed Air: Before starting the regenerati-

variation is also accomplished with the ambient air

on, the adsorber to be regenerated is gently depres-

drawn in by the blower. Compressed air will not be

surized. Desorption takes place in counter current

used during the desorption or the cooling phase.

flow to the adsorption direction from top to bottom

Since the desorption occurs in counter current flow,

with externally heated blower air. The temperature

a low energy consumption is required. The HRS is

increase due to the

therefore the most energy efficient option.

compression

has

a

positive effect on the energy requirement of

Features and Benefits:

the downstream hea-

• Energy-saving (Zero Purge,

ter. The heater heats up the blower air to the

low desorption temperature)

required

• Low Operating Costs • Easy Maintenance



desorption

temperature. The blow-

Energy Saving

(Zero Purge)

er air flows in counter current into the adsorber to be desorbed and evaporates the water contained in the desiccant. Cooling

Phase

without

consuming

Compressed Air: Up to dryer sizes 2750 the direction of rotation of the blower is switched for the cooling phase so that the ambient air is drawn through the desiccant. The cool ambient air takes up the heat from the desiccant and it is conveyed to the atmosphere. The vacuum that occurs during the suction operation Type HRS Size 2750

mode

causes

the

desorption temperature to drop and thus

Pressure-Vacuum-Regeneration

a post-desorption. The

Adsorption Phase: For units of the HRS the

residual loading in the

moisture containing compressed air flows via the

desiccant is reduced.

inlet fitting through the desiccant bed. While pass-

A better quality is

ing the desiccant bed the water vapour is adsorbed

achieved

by the hygroscopic adsorbent. The dried com-

same energy in put,

pressed air is now discharged into the compressed

i.e. energy can be

air network.

saved while maintain-

with

the

ing the same quality.

4

Tailormade System Solutions

Adsorption Dryer HRS-L

Tailored Customer Concepts

Based on the standard HRS models, the HRS-L

In decades of close collaboration with our custom-

version is designed for processing requirements at

ers, we have built expertise in virtually all areas of

tropical and subtropical ambient conditions. These

industrial production. Donaldson therefore meets

conditions do not allow for cooling with fresh air.

exceptional and specific customer requirements

The characteristic feature of the HRS-L models is a

with tailored and sophisticated solution concepts.

closed loop cooling (Loop-Version ). A water-cooled heat exchanger cools the air stream heated by the

Beyond the individual concepts, we also provide

desiccant. From there the cooling air is led back to

the respective services for each application.

the inlet port of the blower. Worldwide for all climate zones this version offers a pressure dewpoint of -70 °C.

Features and Benefits:

Type HRE 25000 S

• Worldwide applicable

Molecular Sieve Adsorber Station (PPU) HRE

• Energy-saving (Zero Purge)

25000 for humidity and CO2 removal from com-

• Low Operating Costs

pressed air for air separation. The highest require-

• Easy Maintenance

ments are met:

• Pressure dewpoint up to -70 ° C

• Dewpoint better than -90 ° C

Energy Saving

• CO2 < 1 ppm

(Zero Purge)

Type HRS-L Size 2750

5

Trendsetting Control Engineering

Touch Panel with a high operational Comfort All heat regenerated adsorption dryers in the series

State-ofthe-Art Technology!

HRE, HRG, HRS and HRS-L as well as all tailored systems solutions are equipped with a Touch Panel System as standard. The basic setting of the multilingual panel shows the present operating state as well as the relevant operating parameters, such as pressure, temperatures and dew point. By touching the corresponding control panel, further information can be recalled. The main control menu can also be accessed via this user-friendly interface.

The standard and multi-language touch panel for adsorption dryers provides an excellent ease of operation. All information is accessed by touching the buttons.

Authorized staff may adapt the operating parameters to the ambient conditions and operating requirements. The service technician also parametrizes the plant via the touch panel and can access for example, additional diagnosis information.

Outstanding Features: • Human Machine User Interface control with self-explanatory menus • Large colour display

The system overview shows the main operational data such as pressure, temperature, cycle of the tanks (adsorption, desorption, cooling, standby).

• Display of all operating parameters in the main menu • Clear and concise display of the current operating condition • Easy to optimize the operating parameters to the local conditions • Multilingual (English, German, French as a standard), other languages optional

The temperature cycles can be clearly displayed in a diagram. The exact values are listed for the intersections with the black line (movable).

6

Innovative Concepts for Biogas/ Biomethane Treatment

Future-oriented and economical Biogas/ Biomethane Concepts

Biogas/ Biomethane Purification

An intelligent supply and an economical use of

Biomethane

Biogas

energy are key challenges of today. An important contribution to our climate protection and counter-

Wet Biogas

Wet Biomethane

Biomass

H2S Removal

act to fossil materials is the use of renewable pri-

CO2 + H2S - Removal

mary materials. Main objective of the European Union is to increase the part of renewable energy Biomethane Purification

Pre-Filter

up to 20 % until 2020. (EU Guideline 2009/28/EG). Donaldson is meeting this challenge as well and introduces innovative and tailor-made dryer concepts as a part of the biogas treatments.

Biogas Dryer Type HRL/HRE/ARBG

Biogas Dryer Type HRL/HRE/ARBG

Dry Biomethane

Inlet Gas Network

Inlet

Inlet

Afterfilter

Micro Gas Network

Feed CNG Filling Station

Gas Network

Gas Filter

Regional network ( 16 bar

National network (> 16 bar) Biogas Dryer Type HRL/HRE/ARBG

Biogas Dryer Type ARBG

Biogas Drying Solutions Dryer Concepts

ARBG

HRL

HRE

Features

ZERO LOSS System Regeneration with dry gas and gas return to the inlet of the drying unit

ZERO LOSS System Regeneration in a closed circuit

PURGE LOSS System Regeneration with dry gas, respectively from external delivery. By refeeding into the compressor, the drying is integrated in the process and becomes a ZERO LOSS System.

Operating Temperature

5 – 30 °C

5 – 20 °C

5 – 30 °C

Operating Pressure

5 – 40 bar

150 – 400 mbar

5 – 40 bar

Residual Water Content

< 50 mg/Nm³

< 50 mg/Nm³

< 50 mg/Nm³

Volume Flow

100 – 6000 Nm³/h

100 – 4000 Nm³/h

100 – 6000 Nm³/h

Accessories

Tubular bundle heat exchanger for pre- and aftercooling, Demister, Cyclone, Coalescence Filter, Particle Filter, Condensate Drain

7

Everthing from a single Source

Service with the highest Standards Our service is always nearby. With our technical service and support network throughout Europe, we can routinely service your production systems as well as provide on-site support whenever needed. With

one

Donaldson’s

of service

centers you receive

Donaldson Adsorption Dryers stand for: • Reliability • Efficiency • High reserve capacity • Easy maintenance • Easy operation • Models with no loss of compressed air

quick and cost-effective competent services for all filtration applications from one source.

Compressed Air Filtration · Filters for Sterile Air, Steam and Liquids · Refrigerant Drying · Adsorption Drying · Condensate Drains · Condensate Purification Systems · Process Air and Gas Processing

Total Filtration Management

Total Filtration Service

Donaldson offers a wide variety of

A compressive range of services espe-

solutions to reduce your energy costs,

cially designed to keep your production

improve your productivity, guarantee

at peak performance and at the lowest

production quality and help protect the

total cost of ownership.

environment.

GB – 2012/1

Please contact us: Donaldson Europe B.V.B.A. Research Park Building No. 1303 · Interleuvenlaan 1 B-3001 Leuven · Belgium Phone +32(0)16 38 38 11 · Fax +32(0)16 40 00 77 [email protected] · www.donaldson.com

Technical alterations reserved (11/2011)