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“It’s not about the job, it’s about the journey.” We prepare students to succeed.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Virginia Tech – Blacksburg Campus

Advertiser Index Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Atlantic Constructors, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Becker Professional Education . . . . . . . . . . 81 CDW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 University of Charleston School of Pharmacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Earth Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Eastern Mennonite University . . . . . . . . . . 84 Fairfax County Public Schools . . . . . . . . . . . 81 FDIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Freeport-McMoRan . . . . . . . Inside Back Cover George Mason University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Gibbs & Cox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 The Home Depot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 K. Hovnanian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 International Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Johns Hopkins University, Carey Business School . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 KSB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Leidos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Loyola University Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Lutron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside Front Cover Maser Consulting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 MathWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Michigan Economic Development Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Moog Components Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 NAVSEA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Newport News Shipbuilding, A Division of Huntington Ingalls Industries . . . . . . . . . 78 PC Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Lally School of Management . . . . . . . . . 83

ROSS Management Services . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Science, Mathematics And Research for Transformation (SMART) Scholarship for Service Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Simpson Gumpertz & Heger Inc. . . . . . . . . . 78 The University of South Carolina, Darla Moore School of Business . . . . . . 85 Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 U.S. Army Health Professions Scholarship Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 U.S. Army ROTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 U.S. Marine Corps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Wake County Public School System . . . . . . 88

College Recruitment Media and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University wish to thank the above participating sponsors for making this publication available to students. 1

Career Services

CAREER PLANNING GUIDE INSIDE Welcome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 5 Meet the Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 6

THE CAREER DEVELOPMENT MODEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 8 CAREER EXPLORATION

Career Development Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 9 Career Exploration Action Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 10 Keys to Your Success . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 11 Chart Your Own Career Voyage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 12 Resources to Help You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 13

CAREER-RELATED EXPERIENCE Steps to Participate in the Cooperative   Education/Internship Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 14 What is an Externship? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 15 Resources to Help You Find Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 16


Incorporate International Experience on Your Resume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 16 Include Study Abroad Experience in Your Cover Letter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 17 Create Answers to Interview Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 17

HEALTH PROFESSIONS ADVISING Successful Application to Health Professions School . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 18 Steps for Advisees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 19 Undergraduate Timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 21


Planning for Graduate School Timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 23 Personal Statement Example With Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 24


Getting Started With Your Job Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 25 Industry Projected Growth/Decline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 26 Benefits and Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 28 Check Out These Online Products and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 29 The Federal Job Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 30


A Visual Guide to Hokies4Hire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 31 Get Started Networking! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 32 Professional Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 33 You Need to Be on LinkedIn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 34 Dress for Success: What to Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 36


The Resume Puzzle: What Pieces Fit You? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 37 Sample Career Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 38 Power Skills for Your Resume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 39 Resume Bullet Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 40 Sample Resumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 41 Curriculum Vitae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 55

CORRESPONDENCE Key Points About References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 56 Cover Letter 101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 57   •  Letters of Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 58   •  Letter of Inquiry About Internship Possibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 59   •  Follow-Up Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 59


Interviews: Tips, Types, and To Do’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 60 Research Employers Before Interviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 61 Interviews Are a 2-Way Street . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 62 Video Interviewing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 63 Use InterviewStream to Perfect Your Interview Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 64 Behavioral Interviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 65 Interview Follow-Up Correspondence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 66


Salary Information: What Are You Worth? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 67 Compare Your Offer$ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 68 Negotiating Job Offers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 69 Job Offer Letter Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 70

Special Thanks to Our Sponsors for Making This Publication Possible Please refer to their advertisements throughout this Guide. See Advertiser Index on page 1. Smith Career Center corner of Washington Street & West Campus Drive 540-231-6241 Office hours: 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Walk-in advising: Visit our website for walk-in hours If you are a person with a ­disability and desire assistance or accommodation, please notify our office.

Greetings – Fellow Hokies! 2014-2015 YOUR CAREER: It’s not just about the job . . . It’s about the Journey! I am writing this postcard to you from a JOURNEY I have been on for decades – My Career. I love the work that I do, and I have had a full and wonderful life and career! The Journey Defined: The continuous accumulation of life experiences* that, upon reflection, inspire, influence, motivate, and inform decisions, plans and paths. Allow the Career Services Team to join you on your journey so that we can help you   •  EXPLORE your special qualities and attributes, academic majors, and career options,   • Gain EXPERIENCE to develop your knowledge, skills, and perspectives while discovering career options, and   •  ACHIEVE your career aspirations by entering the job market or continuing your education! I hope to see you very soon! Donna Cassell Ratcliffe Director of Career Services *jobs, volunteering, events, conversations, participation in sports, memberships in organizations, roles, books, travel, mentors, classes, . . .

Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Meet the

Donna Ratcliffe

Amy McPherson

Jim Henderson


Associate Director Student/Alumni Services

Associate Director Employer Relations



Katie Baer

Lisa Boothe

Claire Childress

Assistant Director of Health Professions Advising

Employer Relations Manager

Senior Assistant Director Job Search Grad School

Cathryn Coffey

Catherine Copeland

Sue Ellen Crocker

Vickie Earthman

Graduate Assistant

Senior Assistant Director for Assessment & IT/Web Administrator

Office Manager

Employer Relations Assistant

Jamie Lanter

Carolyn Haynes

Leigh Anne Leist

Jenean Meadows

Applications and Database Programmer

Assistant Director Career Exploration

Senior Assistant Director Career Exploration

Co-op/Intern Associate

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Stuart Mease

Lori Mitchell

Melissa Obenhaus

Anne Price

Liaison to the Pamplin College of Business

Assistant Director of the Cooperative Education and Internship Program


Career Information Specialist

Carol Robinson

Jane Rorrer

Becca Scott

Kelly Shannon

Director of Health Professions Advising

Pre-Health Advising Assistant

Assistant Director

Marketing Manager

Johanna Smith

Katie Steuer

Brittany Wade

Cathy Wagnon

Assistant Director

Career Advisor

Systems Administrator

Fiscal Assistant

Donna Weikel

John Gray Williams

Debbie Wilson

Ali Woodworth

Employer Relations Coordinator

Career Advisor

Program and Event Coordinator

Career Advisor


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Career Development Model

Career development is a dynamic and cyclical process that individuals may experience several times throughout their lifetime. This model of career development describes three phases that individuals must go through in order to reach the ultimate goal of successful employment. This process is developmental in design, meaning that individuals must move through the model beginning at phase one and complete the tasks associated with career exploration, before moving on to phase two; gaining experience and developing career-related skills. Then it is on to phase three, the job search. Some individuals may not reach the goal of successful employment with their first job. Others may decide to make a transition or change their career direction. With either case the model is designed so that individuals will start again with phase one, career exploration, and move sequentially through the career development process re-evaluating decisions and choices.

Once a person has worked through the model one time and understands the career development process, he/she can start again at phase one re-evaluating decisions and choices. 8

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Career Exploration


Career Research

Decision Making

Goal Setting and Action Plans

Are you uncertain about your career direction? Deciding on an academic major or choosing among career options can be one of the most challenging decisions you will make. We encourage you to begin thinking about these decisions early in your college career, and to use the Career Development Model. Research suggests that up to 80 percent of entering college students admit they are not certain in what they want to major. Approximately 50 percent of first year students change their major at least once before graduation, and some several times. Satisfying academic and career decisions result from a process that takes time and proactive effort. We’ve divided the career exploration process into four action items. We also offer a variety of services and resources to assist you in the process of making these very important decisions.

Background photo © Pavel Timofeev -


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Career Exploration Consider these action items to guide you on your career voyage!

Self Assessment Self assessment is about doing a realistic appraisal of you and is the starting point for career planning. During this step you will: • Identify your interests, skills, values, and personality type. • Determine how these important factors influence your career decision(s) and satisfaction. • Learn those areas in which you need to improve, gain knowledge, or experience.

Career Research Take the time to gather information about various career fields and academic options that complement your self assessment results. Thorough research leads to quality decisions.

Decision Making Self assessment and research provides the foundation for you to compare and contrast your options and choose the majors/careers that are a “best fit” for you at this time.

Goal Setting and Action Plans Define your career goal(s) and set a realistic action plan with the steps and deadlines to meet your goal(s). Goals should be Specific, Measureable, Attainable, Realistic, and Timely. Make certain you include some type of career related experience!

Background photo © denisovd -


2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Career Exploration

KEYS TO YOUR SUCCESS “Being Proactive Pays Off!”

EXPLORE future options

 Sign up for a wide variety of classes  Take self-assessments  Find a major you are good at AND enjoy  Research career options for your major  Conduct informational interviews  Narrow your interest area  Talk to recent grads in your field  Figure out/fine tune your strengths and skills  Compile a list of employers that interest you  Familiarize yourself with job search websites  Visit the Smith Career Center  Explore our website and the many resources we have to offer  Check out the Post-Grad Report


Ways to gain EXPERIENCE

 Volunteer  Undergraduate research  Field study  Internship  Co-op  Job shadow an employer  Join student organizations  Take on a leadership role on campus  Study abroad  Service learning  Leadership conferences  Summer job/part-time employment

  Sign up for a varie  Take self-asses

ty of classes


 Visit the Smith C

areer Center  Research care er options  Volunteer  Join student or ganizations  Summer job  Attend a Car eer

Services Seminar

 Update my re sum


ACHIEVE your goals

 Get to know us at Career Services  Attend a career fair and employer information sessions  Attend a Career Services seminar  Participate in on-campus recruiting activities through Hokies4Hire  Participate in the co-op/internship program  Meet with a career advisor at Career Services  Utilize InterviewStream and the Mock Interview Program  Update/polish your resume and cover letters  Research salaries

Key photo © fotopak, treasure chest © Andrzej Wilusz, and parchment © Konstiantyn -


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Career Exploration

CHART YOUR OWN CAREER VOYAGE! You’re the captain of this ship! Use the “Explore” “Experience” “Achieve” key choices on the previous page to get some ideas about how to chart your own personal career exploration course. Whether you are picking up this Guide as a freshman, or you are a senior laying eyes on it for the first time, the directions are the same. No matter your age, career exploration is an ever-evolving journey. Select from the previous page the things you would like to accomplish during your time in college, and add them below to chart your own course to career success!

1st/Freshman Year

2nd/Sophomore Year



















3rd/Junior Year


4th/Senior Year



















2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Career Exploration Resources to Help You

Appointment With a Career Advisor You can meet with a Career Services advisor one-on-one. Please call our information desk at 231-6241 to schedule an appointment. Gives you access to the career advice of industry professionals, and you may watch it all on video! CandidCareer. com features informational interviews to help you discover and explore your many career options. Search by industry, career title, college major, or keywords. Gain honest and valuable insight from the men and women working in a particular field.

Undergraduate Majors A-Z (Admissions) This list may be sorted alphabetically or by college, providing an overview of each undergraduate major offered at Virginia Tech and the entry-level career options associated with each.

Career Resource Center The center has a library with over 600 resources to help with your career exploration. To see the full list of available books, please visit Through LibraryThing, you can search by keyword or title, or browse different categories (tags) that interest you.

Self-Assessments Tools for learning more about you and the occupations that could be a fit for you based on your interests, skills, personality, preferences, and values.

Networking—LinkedIn, VT Alumni Chapters, and Professional Associations Professional networking used by Virginia Tech students and alumni.

Post-Graduation Report Shares employers, job titles (and much more), by major, for each class of bachelor’s degree graduates. This is available on our website:—click on Post-Graduation Report.

Compass photo © bloomua -


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Career-Related Experience “Integrating Work With Learning”

Volunteer/Service Learning

Co-ops & Internships

Study Abroad

Why should you get career-related experience? Gaining career-related experience can have a direct impact on your professional development, because the majority of employers who recruit college graduates prefer to hire those who have some type of related experience. 90 percent of employers said candidate experience is a factor in hiring decisions, according to an annual survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers. Nearly half of surveyed employers wanted new graduate experience to come from an internship or co-op programs. These experiences help you try out and confirm your career interests, develop real world skills that enhance your qualifications for future employment, make contacts in your field, and possibly gain offers of full-time employment.

How can you get this experience?   •  Cooperative Education   • Internships   • Externships   • Volunteering   •  Job Shadowing   •  Part-time/Seasonal Jobs   •  Research Opportunities   •  Student Activities/Clubs


On-Campus Employment

Student Projects/ Competitions

How to Get Started?

Steps to Participate in the Cooperative Education/ Internship Program 1. Attend a Required Orientation for the Cooperative Education/Internship Program that includes job search strategies. Sessions are offered throughout the semester. You only need to attend one. Dates and times for the orientations are posted on the Career Services website. 2.  Resume Preparation. Develop your resume and have it critiqued through walk-in advising. 3.  Complete Your Hokies4Hire Registration Profile & Upload Your Resume. Upload your resume and search job postings in Hokies4Hire to allow access by employers. 4.  Job Search and Interviewing. Begin your search for co-op/internship positions. Utilize Career Services advisors, job search tools/resources, Mock Interview Program, workshops, etc. A checklist will be given to you during orientation.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Career-Related Experience 5.  Job Offer and Acceptance. Once an offer has been accepted, stop the job search process and cease interviewing. Do not renege on your commitment.   • Once an offer has been accepted, stop the job search process, and cease interviewing.   • Have your employer provide a written job offer and job description.   • Log into your Hokies4Hire account to “Report A Co-op/Internship Hire.”   • Upload your offer letter and job description to Hokies4Hire. 6.  Meet With Your Career Services Advisor. Make an appointment with your Career Services advisor to enroll in the Cooperative Education/Internship Program (CEIP), and develop your work/school schedule, go over assignments, and sign a student agreement.

“My participation in the co-op program exposed me to a professional work environment, assisted me with public speaking and group dynamics, helped me decide to pursue a concentration in spacecraft instead of aircraft, inspired me to attend graduate school, and provided me with the finances necessary to support my own education.” —Joe Hickman, Senior Aerospace Engineering

What is an Externship?

One More Way to Gain Experience. The What, How, When, and Where … What is an Externship?   •  A volunteer job shadowing opportunity.   • A way to spend up to five days observing and often working with professionals.   •  An opportunity to investigate a career field.   •  A way to experience a typical day on the job.

  • Observe interactions with customers, guests, clients, patients, etc.   • Observe meetings.   • Tour the facilities of the office and/or organization.

What is the cost?   •  All expenses are the student’s responsibility.   • Some sponsors provide housing assistance.

How do you find an Externship experience?   • Attend an information session. Register to attend using Hokies4Hire.

When and where do Externship experiences take place? This can vary considerably depending on the circumstances and location of the student, and the workplace sponsor, and the career field. Some examples:   • A student might have a scheduled time weekly to shadow in an office/work environment over the span of a summer, a semester, or much longer. It could occur in summer at a location where the student lives. It could also occur during a student’s enrollment at Virginia Tech if the workplace location is in commuting distance of campus.   • During school breaks, the student might arrange a full work-day, or multi-day intensive experience that might span one to five days, or longer. This could be any location where the student could have access, such as your home/family location, near your campus location or elsewhere.

Why participate in an Externship?   •  Learn more about a career field.   • Help choose or confirm your major/occupational choice.   •  Have a “day in the life experience” of a career.   •  Test out a career without a long-term commitment.   •  Great networking opportunity.   •  Open to all Virginia Tech Students.   •  Sponsored by Career Services.

What do you do?   • Observe the work that is conducted and the career field.   • Learn about rules such as professionalism, confidentiality, and others that may apply to guests/visitors in the workplace.   • Conduct informational interviews to learn about the jobs of different individuals in different roles within the organization.   • Assist with basic office tasks.

Erin Ryan (Wildlife Science, Sophomore), Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego 15

Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Career-Related Experience What are you waiting for? Contact Career Services to take advantage of this program. Learn more at and click on “Shadowing externships.”

Resources to Help You Find Opportunities

  •  Upload Resume to Hokies4Hire so employers can find you:     ◆ and click on “Hokies4Hire” under Job Search.     ◆ Allow employers to review your resume.     ◆ Review job announcements.

  • Know who has hired/or currently hires students in your major. Review the list on Career Services website:     ◆ CurrentEmployers.asp

  •  Utilize databases available through Career Services:     ◆ CareerShift     ◆ Going Global     ◆ LinkedIn VT Alumni Group     ◆

  • Departmental list serve/direct e-mail from your academic department:     ◆ Read your academic department’s website; many departments post jobs for their students on their sites.     ◆ Watch for e-mail from your academic department. In order to increase the chance of obtaining your ideal career-related experience, students are encouraged to utilize several resources.     ◆ Go to your academic department. Look for bulletin boards where the department posts jobs and career information.

  • Job Fairs are held in fall and spring. There are over a dozen fairs on campus. Plan to attend all job fairs that relate to your career interests, even if it is geared toward permanent employment. Sponsors include student organizations, departments and colleges:     ◆   • CONNECTION Job Fair   • Job listing websites   • Networking and hunting for potential employers

Global Experience Skills “Identifying Skills Gained and Articulating Your Experience” Examples of skills, identified by employers, you might gain through a global experience. Taken from (Hart, 2006) and (Gardner, Steglitz & Gross, 2009):   • Teamwork skills and the ability to collaborate with others in a diverse setting.   • Ability to apply knowledge in a real world setting.   • Ability to communicate effectively.

  • An understanding of how global issues affect the future.   • A sense of integrity and ethical behavior.   • An understanding of cultural values and traditions of the US and other countries.   • Adapting to new situations.   • Ability to work independently.   • Undertaking tasks that are unfamiliar.

How Do I Incorporate My International Experience on My Resume? This will vary based on the kind of international experience you had and where you feel your experience fits best.

If you studied abroad or took classes at a foreign university, one option is to include your experience in the education section of your resume. Here is an example:

Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering, Minor in Green Engineering Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

May 2015 GPA:3.2

Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark June 2013 - July 2013   • Completed summer unit operations lab.   • Conducted seven experiments.   • Collaborated with students of various cultures to create and present on Danish Culture.   • Took excursions to world-leading chemical production site to see theories learned put into practice. 16

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Global Experience Skills However, you may find it more beneficial to put your experience under work experience or volunteer experience. An example would be: Intern, Airbus, Hamburg, Germany September 2012 – January 2013   • Translated technical reports from German to English in order for them to be used in other countries’ headquarter offices.   • Collaborated with five other team members to improve the wind turbine of the A380 model.   • Communicated with clients in seven other countries, learning cultural customs and language skills.   • Worked independently to design a propeller for the A350 models.

How Can I Include My Study Abroad Experience in a Cover Letter? If you completed an internship or volunteer opportunity abroad you may want to put your experience under your related experience or volunteering section.

Concisely describe the skills you gained from your international experience and how those skills relate to the position you are applying for. You do not want to repeat exactly what is on your resume. You should highlight your experience while enticing the interviewer to learn more about it.

Let’s say the student spent a summer in Madrid, Spain studying at a Spanish University. This student is now applying for editorial internships because she wants to find a job as a magazine editor after she graduates. This is what she may say in her cover letter:

“During my semester in Madrid, Spain, I studied translation for the first time. I translated literary text and newspaper articles from Spanish to English. This not only improved my Spanish language skills, but also helped me to understand the nuances of my native language. I learned how word choice, sentence structure, and grammar can influence meaning, which will help me with the detail-oriented job of copy editing.”

How Can I Create Answers to Interview Questions? Remember to focus on specific examples, interactions, moments, people or events instead of the value of the overall experience. Have three to five specific examples demonstrating the skills you gained to share. Here are some potential questions that may be asked:   • Tell me about yourself.   • Describe a personal or professional challenge.   • Describe an instance in which you communicated effectively.   • How have you asserted yourself under pressure?   • Describe an instance in which you used problem solving skills?

Also be prepared to answer questions directly about your experience:   • What did you learn about yourself as a result of your international experience?   • Why did you choose to study in (country name)? Why was it important to you?   • Can you describe a time when you had to change your behavior to accommodate or adjust to different local conditions?

Example Answer: Describe an instance in which you communicated effectively. “While I was studying abroad in Chile I had the opportunity to volunteer at a bilingual school. While the children in the school could speak basic English, the parents of the students could not speak any English. So, during parent teacher conferences I had to effectively use my Spanish skills to communicate with the parents of my students. This experience enabled me to see how important word choice, body language, and tone are in communicating and allowed me to learn to communicate differently depending on my audience.”

References: Hart, P. D. (2006, Dec 28). How should colleges prepare students to succeed in today’s global economy?. The Association of American Colleges and Universities, Retrieved from Re8097abcombined.pdf

Gardner, P., Steglitz, I. & Gross, L. (2009). Translating study abroad experiences for workplace competencies. The Association of American Colleges and Universities, Retrieved from Reading7.SA for Workplace Competency.pdf 17

Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Health Professions Advising Health Professions Advising (HPA) at Virginia Tech assists students and alumni pursuing a health care career in medicine, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, chiropractic, physician, nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, physician’s assistant, veterinary medicine, or other graduate health professions. Any student or alumnus/alumna of Virginia Tech, regardless of major, can use the services of HPA. Although the majority of health professions students major in a science field, it is not required.

How to Be a Successful Health Professions School Applicant

What qualities do health professions schools seek in applicants? There is no doubt that they want excellent students with a demonstrated ability in science who made the most of the academic opportunities available at Virginia Tech, made efforts to learn about the health care field, and have demonstrated a commitment to helping others.  Furthermore, professional schools seek students who portray the qualifications listed below:   • mature   • trustworthy   • stable   • enthusiastic   • honest   • intellectually curious   • responsible   • capable of leadership

students demonstrate through their actions that they care about the welfare of fellow human beings and can effectively interact with those of different cultural backgrounds. Through their experiences, students must also understand the obstacles and difficulties faced by today’s health professionals. Furthermore, students must develop skills that will allow them to contribute to the health professions school community and to their intended profession. Not all students apply to health professions school during the summer prior to their senior year. Many students committed to careers in health care delay their application to health professional schools in order to pursue other opportunities:   • Peace Corps   • City Year   • Teach for America (to name a few) Others obtain master’s degrees in public health or other fields before later applying to health professional schools.  We believe that, above all, it is important for parents and academic advisors to allow each student to find his/her own path and support him/her along the route. We emphasize to students that a number of our applicants are rising seniors, while others have allowed additional experiences to impact their application by applying as recent graduates or alumni of one or more years. Across the nation, those who apply as rising seniors, recent graduates or alumni enjoy high rates of acceptance.

Successful applicants, however, must first demonstrate a mastery of the basic requirements in biological sciences, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Applicants must also show intellectual breadth by either majoring outside of the sciences or by taking coursework in the humanities and social sciences. From a pragmatic vantage point, the abilities to Mark Your Calendar read rapidly and understand dense, sophisImportant deadlines for 2014-2015 cycle for applicants who want to ticated material in the humanities and social matriculate in fall 2016: sciences are especially important for success Oct. 31, 2014 Submit a copy of completed self-evaluation form on standardized tests. Successful applicants to your eFolder (Resume cell) by 5 p.m. also need to establish relationships with at least three to four faculty members and a Jan. 6, 2015 Last day to open a veCollect account and input professional in their field of choice who know names of confirmed referees for your Letters of them well enough to write substantive letters Recommendation (LORs) by 5 p.m. of recommendation. Jan. 31, 2015 Submit a completed Pre-Application Checklist form to your eFolder by 5 p.m. Perhaps most importantly, health professional schools look for students who have demonstrated that they are lifelong independent learners. This quality is evident in the way they approach learning “for the sake of learning,” i.e., their intellectual curiosity, and their approach to learning in service roles outside of the classroom. Additionally, students must provide strong evidence of a firm motivation to pursue a career in health care. These 18

Feb. 2015 Sign up for Health Professions Evaluation Committee (HPEC) interview which will take place during March-May March - May 2015 HPEC interviews May - Aug., 2015 Opening of online centralized application services July 31, 2015 All letters of recommendation must be received by HPA by 5 p.m.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Steps for Advisees “Advisees” are students who have either indicated an interest in a health profession and are preparing toward this goal, or are still exploring such a career. Advisees may be in any academic level from freshman to senior.





Explore Health Care Careers

Prior to attending an information session requesting an eFolder.

HPA recommends these resources to learn about and prepare for health care careers: Explore Health Careers (—Assists you in exploration about the wide variety of available health careers. National Institutes of Health: Life Works—Explore health and medical science careers.

Throughout your process of preparing for graduate professional school, consult these resources as you have questions.

American Medical Association (AMA): Becoming a Physician.

2 3

Read Health Professions Undergrad Prep HPA has assembled information for health professions covering the career field, professional education and admission, undergraduate coursework and other preparation.

Prior to attending an information session or requesting an eFolder.

See Health Professions undergrad prep tab at

Throughout your process of preparing for graduate or professional school, consult these resources as questions arise.

Attend a Health Professions Advising Introductory Information Session

Once prior to requesting your HPA eFolder.

Advance sign-up required: • Register on Hokies4Hire (; complete your profile. •  Select CAREER EVENTS from top tool bar. •  Select ORIENTATION from category menu. •  Select SEARCH. •  Select desired session from list. •  Select REGISTER FOR EVENT.

Attend one session (fall or spring). Check out the Career Services Event Calendar for dates and times.

If you cannot attend after signing up, cancel in H4H. Space is limited; no-showing is inappropriate.


Open or Establish an eFolder (Health Professions Advising folder on Scholar) To do so: • Go to the Health Professions Advising website at, go to the advisees tab, and see #8 establish an eFolder. •  Email [email protected] with your PID. Please note there is a $20 fee charged when your eFolder is opened; billed to your VT student account through the Bursar’s Office.

Three more steps on the next page!

Request your eFolder after attending a group information session. Update your eFolder at least once per semester. Walk-in times for questions about eFolders: Indicate to front desk staff that you are visiting for HPA.


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Steps for Advisees Step

5 6 7



Schedule an Appointment With an Advisor in Health Professions Advising

First meeting: Schedule your initial appointment after updating your HPA eFolder.

Business casual attire is required for your meetings with the HPA advisor; please see guidelines at BusinessCasualAttire.html.

Follow up meetings: Schedule a meeting each semester.

Schedule Appointment With Your Academic Advisor in your academic major department.

Schedule once per semester well in advance of course request to insure that you are on track to complete courses needed.

Complete Your Self-Evaluation Form

Once each semester

Self-evaluation: (

Examples of Health Professions Graduate Programs for 2013 Virginia Tech Alumni Chiropractic: Life University

Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine

Clinical Laboratory Science:

Nursing Programs:

Virginia Commonwealth University

Dentistry: Ohio State Tufts University University of Maryland Virginia Commonwealth University

Genetic Counseling: Virginia Commonwealth University

Medicine (DO): Via College of Osteopathic Medicine West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine

Medicine (MD): Eastern Virginia Medical School Georgetown University University of Virginia Virginia Commonwealth University


George Mason University George Washington University Jefferson College of Health Sciences Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing Marymount University Virginia Commonwealth University

Optometry: New England College of Optometry Pennsylvania College of Optometry Salus University Southern College of Optometry State University of New York

Pharmacy: Shenandoah University University of North Carolina Virginia Commonwealth University

Physical Therapy: Duke University Old Dominion University Radford University Shenandoah University University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Virginia Commonwealth University

Physician Assistant: DeSales University Jefferson College of Health Sciences

Podiatry: Des Moines University

Public Health: Columbia University Johns Hopkins University Virginia Tech

Veterinary Medicine: Ohio State University University of Florida Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Undergraduate Timeline for the Pre-Health Professions Student Below is a general timeline for preparing to apply to a health professional school. Please consult with your pre-health advisor to establish your own personalized schedule.

FRESHMAN YEAR   • Think about a major (and minor) course of academic study.   • Develop study skills (form study groups or use resources on campus).   • Establish and maintain a competitive GPA.   • Meet with the appropriate campus coordinator or health professions advisor to learn about the requirements for your field of interest.   • Begin extracurricular activities, join pre-health organizations/clubs on campus in spring semester.   • Volunteer/work in a medical field or setting (clinics, ER, hospital).   • Review school admission requirements.   • Order or review online the information book for your health profession of choice, which includes descriptions of all of the schools/programs, admissions criteria, minimum entrance requirements, etc.   • Read books on and learn about your health career field.   • Talk to upperclassmen.

  • Continue to volunteer/work in a medical field or setting (clinic, hospital, free clinic).   • Study and register for admission exam.   • Take the admission exam.   • Visit schools in which you are interested through open houses and recruitment events.   • Order or review online the information book for your health profession of choice, which includes descriptions of all of the schools/programs, admissions criteria, minimum entrance requirements, etc.   • Make a list of all schools/programs to which you plan to apply.   • Request letters of recommendation/evaluation from referees (veCollect).   • Sign up for the committee letter of evaluation process with HPA.   • Write thank-you notes to committee members who interviewed you.   • Complete online application in the summer.   • Request official transcripts of all college work attempted to be sent to application service.

  • Get to know a professional in your field.

  • Request HPA to submit letters of recommendation to application services or professional schools.


  • Continue to be involved in pre-health organizations, research and community service activities. Look for leadership opportunities in these areas.

  • Select major and/or minor courses of study if you are undecided at this point or changing majors   • Maintain competitive GPA.   • Meet with health professions advisor.   • Volunteer/work in a medical field or setting (clinics, ER, hospital).   • Research school/program entrance requirements.   • Order or review online the information book for your health profession of choice, which includes descriptions of all of the schools/programs, admissions criteria, minimum entrance requirements, etc.   • Consider participating in research (either with a VT faculty member or outside campus).   • Learn more about your health career field (shadowing, advisor, Internet research).

SENIOR YEAR   • Meet with health professions advisor   • Interview at schools if you applied in the summer after your junior year (make a plan to ensure you do not miss classes, assignments, etc.).   • Complete FAFSA financial aid application (if you applied in the summer after your junior year).   • Plan for what you will do in the summer if you applied after your junior year (accepted or not accepted).   • Accept offer (if you applied in the summer after your junior year).   • Write thank-you notes to references and school admission officers.   • Thank your health professions advisor/and or office for their assistance.

JUNIOR YEAR   • Perform a realistic self-evaluation of how competitive you are in the application pool

If you are applying in your senior year

  • Maintain competitive GPA.

  • Plan for what you will do during this “year of opportunity” (“gap year/year off”).

  • Meet with health professions advisor.

  • Follow all the steps in “Junior Year.”


22 May 2015

Current Address 456 Juniper Lane Blacksburg, VA 24060

February 2012-Present Hours per week on average

May 2013-Present Hours per week on average

Clerk (total hours) 7-11 Convenience Store, Christiansburg, VA   • Handled distribution of money during shift changes   • Tended to customers at the cash register

May 2011-August 2011 Hours per week on average

Copy Editor (total hours) October 2012-January 2014 The Collegiate Times, Blacksburg, VA Hours per week on average   • Fact-checked all stories in database   • Edited stories and page layouts for grammar, spelling, appropriate spacing, and aesthetics


Biological Science Aid June 2011-August 2011 Examination of Cartilage Matrix Proteins via Atomic Force Microscopy Hours per week on average Dr. Joy Blair, National Institutes of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD   • Analyzed mice joint images of cartilage matrix proteins using an Atomic Force Microscope   • Measured different dimensions and protein interlocking patterns between normal and osteoarthritis (OA) afflicted matrix proteins

Student Researcher Dr. Eric Haung’s Lab, Department of Biology Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, BA   • Conduct PCRs and run gels   • Culture cells; grow mutants and make spheroplasts


Soup Kitchen Volunteer (total hours) May 2012-August 2012 So Others Might Eat (S.O.M.E.), Silver Spring, MD Hours per week on average   • Cooked a variety of dinner dishes with the staff   • Responsible for cleaning and closing the kitchen after the day’s meals had been served

Student Volunteer (total hours) VT Community Literacy Corps, Blacksburg, VA   • Teach local elementary school kids how to read   • Assist students after-school with homework and lessons


Orthopedic Therapy Assistant (total hours) June 2012-August 2012 Sports and Orthopedic Therapy Services (SP.OR.T.S.), Silver Spring, MD Hours per week on ave   • Maneuvered orthopedic exercise equipment and assisted patients with exercises   • Gained elementary knowledge of anatomy and orthopedic medical terminology

Emergency Room Volunteer (total hours) September 2013-January 2014 Montgomery Regional Hospital, Blacksburg, VA Hours per week on average   • Helped take blood pressure, pulse, and pulse oxygen content   • Assisted patient transport throughout the hospital   • Updated family members about the condition of their loved ones in the ER


Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences College of Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Overall GPA: 3.73, Science GPA: 3.65; GPA in Major: 3.58


Permanent Address 123 Spring Street My City, VA XXXXX

(540) 123-4567 [email protected]

Taylor Hokies

Fall 2011-Present Fall 2011-Present Fall 2011-Present

Features of this resume: • Two pages is the preferred length for a Pre-Health Resume (which differs from a typical undergraduate resume). • List shadowing and any direct patient care experience under CLINICAL EXPERIENCE. • Show memberships in clubs and organizations under COMMUNITY SERVICE (with the appropriate relevant descriptions). • Enter leadership positions in clubs or organizations under LEADERSHIP. • List any hobbies, interests, or unique facts about yourself under OTHER.

Source: Modified from

Fluent in Spanish, intermediate Portuguese Spring semester study abroad in Switzerland


Public Relations Chair January 2012-Present Operation Smile   • Assist in organizing and/or co-hosting events on campus with other organizations   • Organize members to publicize events across campus via listservs, flyers, etc.

Honors Colloquium Section Leader September 2013-Present   • Honors Program – co-teach an intro course to a group of freshmen Honors students


Dean’s List University Honors Program VT Chemistry Department


  • J. Hum, S. Helm, T. Hokies, C. Tsang, and J. Blair, 2012. Cartilage matrix proteins are elevated in the joints of osteoarthritic compared to normal mice. Journal of Arthritis. Submitted for publication.


Sample Pre-Health Resume

Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Planning for Graduate School Timeline Self-Discovery  Assess Options  Set Your Goals  Make a Choice

Freshman Year (Self-Discovery)

Junior Year (Set Your Goals)

  • Explore your interests and abilities. Talk to and visit your academic advisor.   • Develop/enhance your study habits and skills.   • Establish a good GPA (3.0 or better).   • Identify potential mentoring relationships with professors or graduate students.

  • Examine and confirm your career choice.   • Strengthen your mentoring relationships. Discuss your interest with faculty and advisors.   • Research appropriate graduate programs. Write for catalogues and publications.   • Attend graduate and professional school fairs.   • Participate in a summer research internship or voluntary work-related area.   • Apply early for federal funding fellowships (depending on the program may take the senior year).

Sophomore Year (Assess Options)   • Define and establish your personal, life, and career goals.   • Make contacts in your chosen career area.   • Talk with students in field.   • Conduct independent research with a professor of your choice.   • Attend graduate and professional school fairs.   • Conduct Internet searches on summer research internships and co-ops at various universities. Career Services is a great resource.

Senior Year (Make a Choice)   • Apply early! Inquire about application deadlines based on the semester and year you want to enroll.   • Develop your personal statement. Begin to contact supervisors, faculty or advisors for recommendation letters.   • Complete the application process.   • Contact the schools to ensure that your application is complete.   • Research application fees and waiver options.   • Register to take entrance exams.


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Personal Statement Example With Tips Personal Statement Example: Thomas Wolfe once said, “You can’t go home again,” but I now believe that “butterfly moments,” as stated by Katharine Brooks, can lead you there. Virginia Tech Career Services was my home for four years as an undergraduate student. I started off as a freshman by taking the Exploring Careers class and was then asked to be a Career Associate. As a Career Associate, I thoroughly enjoyed helping students edit their resumes and practice mock interviews, assisting the advisors with special projects, and creating and facilitating career-related workshops, but it was the most rewarding in helping students overcome that unknown, next step in their own lives – choosing their path. I felt as if I were making a real difference by offering counseling to students from a student’s prospective. But even then, I had not yet decided to act on that butterfly moment, and instead chose to follow a different direction. Upon graduation, I began working as a technical recruiter for an IT staffing and services company. At the time, I believed it was the right decision, but after spending a year and half of finding individuals jobs, I began to question my decision. The only part of the job that I found genuine satisfaction was helping people find lasting and fulfilling jobs. As I reflected on conversations I had daily with professionals about their jobs, I began to ask myself the question I always asked them - “What are the top three things that are most important to you?” I started to realize that a career in headhunting was not what I wanted. I began to think about what a career would look like that fulfilled my “top three” – one that allowed me to help others, provided a positive working environment, and offered me the ability to grow. Over the next couple of months, my thoughts shifted to my grandmother. She was a teacher for thirty-six years and after she passed away, there was one thing that stuck out in my mind from her funeral – how many students’ lives that she had impacted. I cannot even count the number of students who shook my hand and said, “Mrs. Steele was my favorite teacher.” With that “butterfly moment” burning in my mind, I finally came to the conclusion about what I wanted to do with my career and what would meet my “top three.” I do not regret my decision to work in the professional world first as it helped me to understand my true calling is work in counseling which will allow me to positively impact people just as I did at Career Services, in IT staffing, and as my grandmother did. With those experiences, I feel I would make an excellent candidate for the Counselor Education Program at Virginia Tech. With the ability to learn from seasoned counselors, develop with a small cohort, and gain field experience through an internship, I believe those potential “butterfly moments” will not only allow me to grow, but will lead me to develop future students and professionals. As I think back upon my “butterfly moments,” I am ready to come home again to the Hokie community as master’s student in the Counselor Education program.


Comment [1]: The terms “Personal Statement”, “Statement of Purpose,” and “Statement of Intent” are often used interchangeably Comment [2]: Grab the reader’s attention with a strong opening

Comment [3]: Connect your stories between paragraphs with a connecting sentence Comment [4]: Be specific. Refer to experiences such as work, research, courses, or professional readings

Comment [5]: Be sure to state that your desire to pursue a specific education route is logical and is a result of the stories/specific examples in your statement

Comment [6]: Connect why previous experiences make you a fit for the field of study and use assertive language regarding your candidacy Comment [7]: Showcase the reasons why you choose that particular school/program Comment [8]: Carry themes throughout the statement to show the angle of your statement

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Getting Started With Your Job Search Complete this worksheet to help start your search for an internship or full-time employment. Bring completed worksheet to your advising appointment. PLEASE NOTE: THE FALL SEMESTER IS A HEAVY RECRUITING SEASON. TAKE ADVANTAGE OF FALL CAREER FAIRS AND ON-CAMPUS INTERVIEWING EVEN THOUGH YOU MAY NOT BE AVAILABLE TO WORK UNTIL LATE SPRING OR SUMMER! I would like to secure employment by this date ________________________.

Industries of Interest

Occupations of Interest

Companies of Interest

Preferred Locations to Work

The above industries/occupations/companies are of interest to me because: ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The key skills and attributes I can offer an employer are (see Power Skills page 39): ___________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NETWORKING is still the No. 1 way VT grads found jobs. Grow your network through:   ➢  Campus Career Fairs   ➢  Employer Information Sessions   ➢  Extracurricular Activities   ➢  Virginia Tech Faculty/Staff   ➢ LinkedIn Visit to find online resources for a wide range of internship and fulltime opportunities.

Unsure what all you can do with your major? Visit


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Industry Projected Growth/Decline Thousands of Jobs Industry Description





Compound Annual Rate of Change



Largest Growth








Offices of health practitioners

Health care and social assistance





Retail trade

Retail trade





Food services and drinking places

Leisure and hospitality





Hospitals, private

Health care and social assistance





Employment services

Professional and business services





Nursing and residential care facilities

Health care/social assistance





Home health care services

Health care/social assistance





Individual and family services

Health care/social assistance





Computer systems design and related services

Professional/business services





Outpatient, laboratory, and other ambulatory care services

Health care/social assistance





Wholesale trade

Wholesale trade





Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

Professional/business services





General local government educational services compensation

State/local government





Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

Educational services





Services to buildings and dwellings

Professional/business services





Architectural, engineering, and related services

Professional/business services





Child day care services

Health care/social assistance





Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investments and related activities

Financial activities






Leisure and hospitality





2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech


Compound Annual Rate of Change



Thousands of Jobs Industry Description




Largest Declines General federal non-defense government compensation

Federal government





Postal Service

Federal government





Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers






Apparel manufacturing






State government enterprises

State/local government





Other miscellaneous manufacturing






Air transportation

Transportation and Warehousing





Textile mills and textile product mills












Electric power generation, transmission and distribution






General Federal defense government compensation

Federal government





Couriers and messengers

Transportation and Warehousing





Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing






Plastics product manufacturing






Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments manufacturing






Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing






Aerospace product and parts manufacturing






Communications equipment manufacturing






Printing and related support activities






Metalworking machinery manufacturing






Source: Employment Projections Program, U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Benefits and Cautions of Different Job Search Methods These are snapshots of the benefits and cautions of each method. See Career Services’ website for more details.





On-Campus Interviewing Program H4H-OCI/FAQsOCI. html

Employers come to campus to interview for internships and jobs. Interviews take place in the Smith Career Center.

Competitive. Not every industry or type of job represented. Starts early. Don’t miss it!

Hokies4Hire H4H

Employers list jobs specifically for VT students. Posted jobs typically mean the employer needs it filled soon.

Not every industry or job field is represented.

Job Listings in Print

You’ll find some jobs that you won’t find online.

You have to view them where they are and when they’re available, i.e., department bulletin boards.

Career/Job Fairs JobCareerFairs.html

Opportunities to speak with many employers at one time in one space. Many on the VT campus each year; each with different sponsors and focus on varying majors, colleges and types of hiring.

You need to make a good impression in person and look prepared. You’re not necessarily learning about every opportunity in each organization—you are learning about major hiring needs. Not all employers attend them.

Networking — Talking to Personal Contacts

It’s one of the top methods by which VT graduates, university-wide, found the job they accepted. It’s real. It works. Many jobs are never advertised; networking is how you find them. See page 32.

If you are shy it could be somewhat uncomfortable. You need effective interpersonal skills and strong motivation.

LinkedIn VT Alumni Group

Networking source — VT grads who’ve volunteered to help students. What more could you ask for? Can be helpful to find contacts for a geographically targeted job search.

If you are shy it could be somewhat uncomfortable. You have to search for alumni and take the initiative to contact them. You need effective interpersonal skills (see above).

CareerShift Index.html

Allows you to bring everything together to search for jobs in one place. Search listings from millions of companies posted across the Web and save your searches; find contacts within target organizations along with their e-mail addresses; and manage your job search all within this site. Also useful for interviews and for locationspecific job searches.

Avoid solely relying on the job listings. Access contacts at target companies and reach out to them when a listing is not posted.

Going Global WebSites/ GoingGlobal.html

If you are looking to broaden your horizons overseas, this is a great place to start. Information includes international job postings and tips on relocating to a new country. Also has relocation and job search information for major U.S. cities, including H-1B Visa information which may be helpful for international students.

There are a lot of details to pay attention to (i.e., passports, cost of relocating and living, language/culture barriers). Not all countries included in Country Guides.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Check Out These Online Products and Resources Available on the Career Services website.

With CandidCareer you can watch informational interview videos from actual professionals working in the field in order to learn about a variety of careers and industries. Explore 100s of careers and get an in-depth view of a “Day in the Life” of various professions.

CareerShift helps you tap into the “hidden job market” to identify both internship and full-time positions. Search for job postings, as well as get contact information for thousands of organizations. Manage your job search activity in one place.

Hokies4Hire lets students search for co-ops, internships or full-time positions that have been posted by employers particularly looking to hire Hokies. This is also the system that is used to manage our On-Campus Interviewing Program.

CareerSpots allows you to watch 1- to 4-minute informational videos on a variety of job searching and professional topics. Choose from 52 short videos on topics such as interviewing, networking, elevator pitches, and many more.

Going Global allows you to search for jobs both internationally and domestically. It provides you with Country and City Guides, H1B information, and job listings. Updated continually, this tool contains more than 10,000 resources for finding employment opportunities.

InterviewStream is a web-based mock interview program that allows you to record yourself interviewing with your computer’s webcam and send it to an advisor to provide you feedback. There are over 6,000 questions to choose from so you can practice using industry specific questions.


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

The Federal Job Search The United States federal government is the nation’s largest employer hiring tens of thousands of new employees annually from virtually EVERY field of study and all over the country with competitive salaries. Contrary to popular belief, only 8 percent of federal jobs are in Washington, DC.

The federal government has recently implemented new hiring reforms and developed three Pathways to employment that would be of interest to college students: • Internship Program • Recent Graduates Program • Presidential Management Fellows Program More information about the Pathways Programs can be found at


# of Employees Hired in 2011

Administration Medical and Public Health Business and Finance Miscellaneous Security and Protection Legal Personnel Management Engineering and Architecture Social Science and Psychology Physical and Biological Sciences Information Technology Education

9,826 8,782 7,157 4,963 4,139 3,033 2,105 1,791 1,263 1,178 1,177 907

When applying for positions with the federal government, it is important to thoroughly read the vacancy announcement and include all of the required information on your resume and in your application. Applications are scored up to 100 points. Scores below 70 are not considered. Failure to include all of the necessary information as outlined in the vacancy announcement will result in a lower score and decreases your chances for consideration. It is important to note that the federal resume is different from the traditional resume. See the table on the next page for a comparison. Stop by Career Services for advising on federal resumes and to learn about federal opportunities for employment. Our office has a number of resources available to help you in the federal job search process including copies of Academic Career Guides.

Other Helpful Resources Office of Personnel Management: USA Jobs: Go Government: Handbook of Occupational Groups and Families: Federal Agency Listing: Pay Scale Information: Federal Jobs by College Major: Best Places to Work:


Tip: your profile determines jobs/ interviews for which you are eligible.

My Profile: complete personal, academic, and career preferences. My Documents: upload your resume. My Activity: track your job search activities.

Your Hokies4Hire connection starts here:

Tip: contact employers on your own to express interest.

Find contact information for employers who recruit at Virginia Tech.

Tip: click on job title for job and schedule details.

Tip: use advanced search to search by major, organization, applicant type, and interview date.

Identify employers who are participating in the On-campus Interviewing Program.

Tip: attend all events related to your career interests.

Information Sessions: identify “meet the employer” events to attend. Workshops: find upcoming seminars. Find Career Fair events on campus.

Find career events on campus.

“Hokies4Hire is such a great job search tool for students. You can find anything from a part-time job on campus to a full-time job after graduation. It’s easy to navigate, and the employers are looking for Virginia Tech students so you get real results!” ~ Kate Ward, Human Development

Tip: search by major, job category, or keyword - determine which yields the best result.

Create a job Agent.

Search for posted internships and jobs.

“Where the jobs are!”

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2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Get Started Networking! What Is Networking?

Did you know that networking is consistently the number one or two way that VT graduates find jobs? Networking is the process of developing relationships with others. So who is in your network? Start with those close to you—friends, parents, professors, advisors, supervisors. You are not trying to get a job from them, but the information of a contact to add to your network that might have opportunities!

Elevator Pitch/30-Second Commercial

If you were stuck in the elevator with the CEO of your dream company what would you say? This is where the term elevator pitch came from. An elevator pitch allows you in 30-seconds to tell someone who you are, why you are qualified, and what you can provide. Elevator pitches can be used while networking, at a career fair, or to answer the interview question “tell me about yourself.”

30-Second Commercial Components

Here are some components to consider in developing your unique introduction; choose a combination of the following:

Greeting Hello, my name is _____ (include your first and last name). Year in School I am currently a _______ (freshman, sophomore, junior, senior), Major/Field of Study majoring in ________ (current major or job-related interest). Type of Experience I am looking for _______ (internship, co-op, summer, full or part-time position). When You’re Available for ________(summer, fall, spring) of ____________ (year). Strengths/Abilities My strengths are __________, __________, and ___________. Accomplishments I have ____________ and ________________. Relevant Activities I am involved in ___________ and _________.

Example of an Introduction:

“Hi, my name is Jane Hokie and I am a sophomore majoring in marketing. I am currently a Resident Advisor on a hall of 33 students. This past semester I managed a project where a group of 15 students provided a two-hour field day for two fourth grade classes at a local elementary school. I managed the planning meetings, as well as solving two logistics problems. The project involved twice as many students as the one from previous years. I am seeking an internship this coming summer in marketing to use my planning and problem-solving skills in service to your company. Would you tell me more about your internship program?”


2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Professional Communication Email Etiquette

• Use a professional email address, and preferably the one affiliated with your institution. • Always use a salutation or greeting, for example: Dear Professor Smith. • Include a signature block with your contact information. • Make sure the subject line includes the reason you are writing.

Phone Call & Voicemail Etiquette

• Make sure that your personal voicemail is professional. Have your name, a greeting, and that you will get back to them in a timely manner. • Ensure that your ringtone is professional, in general ignore ring backs. • When leaving a voicemail make sure to leave your name, contact information, and the reason that you are calling.

• Use professional writing not slang that you would use in a text message.

• Do not answer an important phone call in a public setting, ask to step outside. Don’t answer a personal call in a professional setting.

• Allow people time to respond, don’t expect instant gratification.

• Phones should not be out in meetings, dinners, or other social gatherings.

Other Communication Tips • Remember that not all topics can be communicated via email or phone, and there is value in face-to-face dialogue. • Communication is verbal and non-verbal; your appearance, handshake, punctuality, and work are all a reflection of you as well. • Manners go a long way, treat everybody with respect and patience. • Ask your supervisor, colleagues, and classmates what is the best form of communication for them. • Be timely, try to return emails or phone calls within 48 hours.

2014-15 Peer Career Advisors


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

You Need to Be on “Professional Facebook” •  Primary tool for online professional networking. •  Not a place for social networking. •  Connects you to people, jobs, and opportunities.


+ Provides online professional presence.

LinkedIn Student Jobs Portal

+ Houses electronic business card, resume, cover letter, and references all in one location.

Access entry-level jobs and internships at some of the best companies worldwide at the student and recent grad job portal:

+ Increase the number of people in your network of contacts, including alumni.

+ Access to job listings. + Research companies or people you are going to meet using company profiles.

Build a Stellar Profile

•  Profile Heading  Gives a short, memorable way to understand who you are in a professional context. Use 120 characters to make an employer want to read more. Ex: Recent VT Honors grad seeking marketing position •  Appropriate Photo  A headshot, professional looking picture of just you. •  Show Off Your Education  Provide information about all institutions attended. Include majors or minors. Highlight your activities, including study abroad programs. If you have a strong GPA, share it. •  Professional Summary  Resembles your cover letter. Talk about your goals, qualifications, and experience. Emphasize unique skills. Present your summary in short blocks of text or bullet points for easy reading. •  J oin Groups­  Link to others with similar experience, interests, affiliations, or goals. Start with a university group. Other groups to add include volunteer organizations or professional associations you belong to. As a group member, you can find exclusive job listings & join discussions.


•  R  ecommendations  Prove your work adds value and how you do your job. You can ask for recommendations from professors, internship coordinators, employers, and professional mentors. Your Profile will reach completion once you obtain recommendations. A more complete profile shows up in searches. •  LinkedIn URL Increase the professional results that appear when people type your name into a search engine, set your LinkedIn profile to “public” and claim a unique URL for your profile.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

LinkedIn Connection Message

When connecting with someone on LinkedIn always personalize the connection. Give the person context for why you are asking them to be a connection. Never use the default message.

Sample Approach Letter

Dear Ms. Smith, My name is Nicole Lavender. My friend Rusty Jones said to contact you about my interest in marketing research. I am a junior communications major at Virginia Tech trying to learn more about the field I want to one day go in to. Besides focusing on academics I am also actively involved in the Student Government Association where I serve on the marketing committee and am a member of the club soccer team. I was hoping that you would have a few moments in the next week or two to discuss your career path, and share some knowledge on how to break into the marketing research field. You can contact me at (540) 555-2222 or [email protected] Thank you for considering my request. Sincerely, Nicole Lavender


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Dress for Success: What to Wear Tips for All Types of Dress

• When in doubt, dress conservatively. • Remember that your whole appearance should be well put together: neat hair, clean and manicured fingernails, natural-looking make-up, polished shoes, minimal accessories, ironed or dry cleaned clothing. • Check the weather, and make sure you are dressed appropriately.

Business Professional

Business Casual

• Suit jacket should not be restricting, and the sleeves should extend to the wrist.


• Suit is required—stick to dark, neutral colors such as black, gray or navy.

WOMEN • Skirt or pants are fine, wear pantyhose with a skirt.

• A formal suit is not required, but neutral colors are still recommended. • Skirt or pants are fine, wear pantyhose with a skirt. • Tailored shirts, blouses, sweaters, or blazers.

• Skirt should come to your knees. • Shoes should be closed toe and not too high of a heel.

MEN • Tie is generally not required.

MEN • Tie is required, go with something neutral. • Make sure your belt and shoes match in color.


• Long sleeve button-downs are more formal, but a polo shirt tucked in may be acceptable. • Khaki pants or dress slacks. • Leather belt, shoes, and dress socks.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

The Resume Puzzle: What Pieces Fit You? Objective

If you have prior experience or are seeking an advanced degree, you may prefer to use a Summary of Qualifications or Profile rather than an objective. See Sample Career Objectives on next page.


Provide in REVERSE Chronological order, starting with the most recent degree first. Make sure the name of our university is correct. List locations for each institution and the Month and Year you graduated or expect to: BS, Economics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Expected Graduation May 2019


Skills can be listed in several categories such as Computer Skills, Language Skills, Laboratory Skills, or other areas. If you lack career-related experience, various skill sets can be shared. If you worked on projects in classes that are relevant, add a Projects section to your resume.

Experience Relevant Experience and Leadership Experience are key items employers like to see. Emphasize results and accomplishments rather than sounding like a job description. Use numbers in your experience descriptions to add impact.

Honors & Activities Share academic or other honors you have received including scholarships or other awards. As you list organizations, no need to list the word Member. Add dates, noting the dates of your membership. Be sure to emphasize leadership roles you have taken.


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Sample Career Objectives Accounting


  • Staff Accountant; special interest in auditing and tax accounting.

  • Management Trainee; interested in working in investment and commercial loans.   • Seek position as Bank Branch Manager.

Agriculture   • Broodmare Manager; supervise the breeding and care of Arabian horses.   • Agronomist; specializing in soil science and plant propagation.   • Quality Assurance Manager for commercial poultry production company.

Natural Resources



  • Child/Adolescent Care worker in residential facility for emotionally disturbed/disabled youth.   • Retail Merchandise Buyer; with interest in clothing and textile-related products.   • Food and Beverage Hospitality Manager; interest in hotel operations.

  • Chemical Technician; interest in wet chemical analyses in environmental laboratory.


  • Laboratory Research Assistant; emphasis on pathology, immunology, and virology.   • Pharmaceutical Sales Representative.

Communications   • Writer/Editor; with interest in educational publications/materials.   • Public Relations Assistant; particular interest in copywriting and promoting media events for nonprofit organizations.

Computer Science   • Systems Analyst.

Design   • Architect Intern; interest in historical restoration and urban renewal projects.   • Graphic Designer; emphasis in publication design and production control.   • Landscape Architect; interest in landscape design for zoos, parks, and other outdoor facilities.

Education   • Secondary Social Studies/History teacher with additional interest in coaching volleyball and/or baseball.   • Seek a teaching position in a corporate-owned pre-school.

Engineering   • Electrical Engineer; interest in fiber optics and optical fiber transmission applications.   • Mechanical Engineer; particular interest in the areas of power production and power systems.


  • Wildlife Biologist; interest in wildlife census and game management.   • Procurement Forester; emphasis in timber sales management.

Human Resources

  • Production Supervisor; specific interests in production scheduling and inventory control.   • Management Trainee leading to retail store management.   • Assistant Property Management; interest in retirement communities.

Marketing   • Market Researcher; emphasis in consumer goods and services.

Political Science   • Legislative Aide; special interest in constituent claims and concerns.   • Lobbyist; interest in environmental legislation.

Psychology/Sociology   • Probation Officer.   • Market Researcher; interest in survey design and evaluation.

Statistics   • Desire an actuarial position in an insurance company.   • Statistician; emphasis in survey planning and analysis.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Power Skills for Your Resume Working With PEOPLE Administration monitor track assess coordinate organize requisition access receive process serve furnish

Management/ Supervision coordinate facilitate plan schedule delegate mediate evaluate strategize develop listen consult monitor

Teaching educate tutor stimulate inform instruct facilitate awaken explore advise counsel entertain amuse

Performing create present play interpret act sing dance perform model read inspire

Counseling/Healing listen sense intuit assess analyze assist align coordinate understand inform facilitate help

Persuading present articulate clarify challenge negotiate inquire reason influence convince arbitrate mediate reconcile

Public Relations assess prepare coordinate present negotiate publicize strengthen promote handle participate facilitate troubleshoot

Selling inform educate persuade provide assist serve trade vend handle present sell convince

Human Resources assess analyze recruit survey screen interview select train mediate appraise coordinate align

Consulting troubleshoot problem solve assess assist arrange guide counsel survey serve contribute motivate train

Leadership create lead encourage manage organize compare inspire represent govern direct advise

Working With DATA Research & Development identify evaluate review assess compare analyze critique explain prepare recommend conclude determine

Accounting record assess audit prepare maintain forecast calculate estimate figure appraise examine measure verify

Finance analyze invest budget inventory evaluate appraise construct develop acquire deploy manage project

Analysis assess observe review dissect interpret discern conceptualize discover infer illuminate clarify quantify qualify conclude

Information appraise analyze inventory structure design categorize document process manage program link coordinate organize

Editing review analyze check compare comment correct rewrite revise rework amend improve initiate investigate advise read

Organizing/ Logistics classify organize assist maintain liaison support arrange systematize schedule coordinate streamline simplify

Working With THINGS Craft/Artisan design create build entertain perform draw render illustrate compose construct conceive choreograph

Design organize explore formulate sketch draw draft layout create plan style pattern build display

Mechanical analyze design construct craft troubleshoot create engineer repair manipulate align coordinate balance

Innovating create modify change upgrade improve design activate restructure establish stimulate implement transform

Technical conceptualize design troubleshoot inspect locate edit analyze implement construct modify operate


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Power Skills for Your Resume Working With IDEAS Language translate interpret lecture converse negotiate compare understand comprehend proficiency fluency teach tutor

Selling inform educate persuade provide assist serve trade vend handle present sell convince

Program Development analyze design construct develop prepare strategize coordinate formulate recommend persuade implement monitor

Marketing review assess survey analyze quantify identify announce promote advertise advance boost improve

Writing conceive construct craft integrate interpret capture abstract express inform summarize conclude

Investigating pursue interrogate question analyze intuit seek search probe examine explore


1.  Skill: communication skills 2.  Structure: I learned communication skills while answering phones. 3.  Verb: Developed communication skills while answering phones 4.  Clarify: Developed excellent communication skills addressing up to 50 customer billing concerns per shift by phone

Consider the following actions: Purpose •  Initiated a team of five students to work after hours to implement marketing demos.

Method •  Created engaging and interactive lesson plans by using Prezi and PowerPoint.

Result •  Organized extensive aircraft article database creating easy research and file access.


 osition in for-profit sector assisting organization in natural resource conservation and P compliance with environmental laws and regulations.

Permanent Address 1302 Marquis Court Fallston, MD 21047 (410) 877-8142

International Studies on Sustainability in Europe, Summer 2010

Feature of this resume: • Details on student activity with leadership roles.


GIS, GPS, AutoCAD, MS Word, MS Excel, Windows 7 Operating System

Virginia Tech Environmental Resources Club (2010 – present) •  Founder and President of student club promoting interest in the environment • Planned social activities around environmental issues to enhance student interest • Organized and chaired a large environmental debate Xi Sigma Pi, National Forestry Honor Society (2010 – present) Minorities in Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Sciences (since 2010)


Junior volunteer, 2004 Olympic Games, Salt Lake City, Utah Winter 2004 • Served an international clientele adjacent to Olympic Park

Office Assistant, Tritronics Inc., Abingdon, Maryland March 2008 – January 2009, part-time during school •  Gained experience in general office duties, including typing, filing, faxing, answering phones and computer use. •  Packed and shipped inventory electronic parts nationwide using computerized shipping equipment for carriers such as FedEx, UPS, RPS and US Mail.

Technical Assistant, Johnson Controls, Inc., Sparks, Maryland May – August 2010 • Assisted mechanical engineers with HVAC system design. • Transferred and edited design drawings on computer programs.

EXPERIENCE Legal Assistant, Mark R. Stanley, Attorney at Law, Christiansburg, Virginia April 2011 – present, part-time during academic year •  Assisted the attorney in various matters concerning real estate, social Page format: services, criminal, family and common law cases. • Arial 11 font. • Gained practical experience and knowledge in legal issues and terminology. Margins: • .5 top & bottom Co-op, Mead Paper, Chillicothe, Ohio • .6 sides May - August 2010, January - May 2012, August - December 2014 • Worked on a large-scale Ecosystem Research Project in cooperation with the U.S.F.S. • Learned various industrial aspects of using natural resources. •  Used GIS and GPS systems to inspect pine tree plantations and map company lands.

EDUCATION B. S. Natural Resources, Environmental Resource Management, May 2014 Minor: Environmental Science Virginia Tech Blacksburg, Virginia Major GPA: 3.2/4.0 Overall GPA 2.8/4.0


College Address 451-L E. Roanoke Street Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 953-5553 [email protected]


To obtain an internship with an environmental agency.

Permanent Address: 3584 Oakview Lane Lavale, MD 21502 (301) 729-5678

•  Windows 7 • MATLAB •  Microsoft Office 2008 (Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Access)


Eagle Scout Order of the Arrow – Boy Scouts National Honor Society National Merit Commended Student Maryland Distinguished Scholar – Honorable Mention National Honor Society – 2011-2013 Summer 2014


ACTIVITIES Galileo Engineering Residential Learning Community, 2011 - present Soccer – 2010-2013   •  Team Co-Captain 2012-2013 Track – 2010-2013   •  Team Captain 2011-2013 Peer Tutoring – 2011-2013 Youth soccer referee Helped construct playground for youth in community

Certified Ski Instructor, Wisp Resort, Deep Creek, MD – Seasonal, 2010-2013

Eagle Scout Project • Planned and constructed rain garden at local elementary school • Researched proper plants and soil for garden • Calculated volume of run-off from surrounding area and required area of garden • Wrote and distributed information to school informing them of the features and benefits of a rain garden


RELATED EXPERIENCE Envirothon, Rocky Gap State Park, Flintstone, MD - 2010-2013 • One day competition sponsored by the Department of Natural Resources and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service •  Topics included: Soil, Fish and Water, Wildlife, and Forestry

EDUCATION B.S., General Engineering, expected graduation May 2017 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA High school diploma, June 2013 Allegany High School, Cumberland, MD


Current Address: 428 Lee Hall, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 24061 (540) 232-1234 [email protected]

Juan Ramirez

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech



AutoCAD/Mechanical Desktop MatLab MiniTab Mathematica


Server, Family Restaurant, Frederick, MD, 2009-2011, High school & summers • Trained on and used excellent customer service practices in fast-paced work environment. • Participated in corporate program to increase sales; achieved all sales goals. • Worked 40 or more hours per week in summer; worked 15 hours per week during school year.

Student Engineers Council (SEC), Membership Committee Chair, 2011-12 Symphonic Band, Virginia Tech, 2010-present Big Brother, Big Sister Program, 2000-2010 High School Varsity Volleyball Team, 2007-2010 High School Symphonic Band, 2007-2009

Maryland Distinguished Scholar, Honorable Mention, 2010 Scholar Athlete Award, 2008-2009 Merit Award, Honorable Mention, 2007 Media Festival, Photography Division



Features of this resume: • Includes high school activities, because this student is a sophomore; by junior year, generally remove high school activities unless they are rare or show a long track record of interest or involvement in your chosen field. • Availability is included, because this is for a co-op position—employers won’t automatically know when you can or could start work—so tell them. • When you don’t have career-related experience—yet—your other jobs show employers things like your work ethic and customer service experience—qualities important to all work settings.

AVAILABILITY January 2014 preferred; also available August 2014

Self-Employed, Lawncare Business, Frederick, MD Summer 2012 • Solicited business through cold calls and visits. • Increased customer base through referrals for quality work. • Performed all necessary equipment maintenance and repairs. • Covered all expenses and yielded net profit of $4,000.

EXPERIENCE Waiter, Boudreaux’s, Blackburg, VA Fall 2012-present • Work 20 hours per week to help fund college education.

skills listed in columns are easier to read than strings of words with commas.

B.S. Mechanical Engineering, Expected graduation as a co‑op: May 2014 Minor: Statistics Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA GPA: 2.8/4.0 Employers skim Earning and financing 50% of college education and expenses resumes fast:

EDUCATION C++ Visual Basic MS Office Suite MS PowerPoint

Cooperative Education position related to manufacturing

Permanent Address: 1234 Forest Lane Frederick, MD 20872 (301) 555-6677


Current Address: 115 Slusher Hall, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 24061 (540) 232-3456 [email protected]

Danielle W. Silva

Permanent Address: 49303 Rolling Road Bloomdale, IL 54321 (765) 555-7654

Harold T. Smith Scholarship National finalist, Hallmark Award Art Competition

Dean’s List (two semesters) Governor’s State Scholarship

Waiter, Backstreets, Blacksburg, VA September 2012 - present (during college) Sales Clerk, Homeline Department Store, Dover, DE Summer 2013 Laborer, Walt Construction, Dover, DE Summers 2010 & 2012 AWARDS & HONORS


Format Details: • Margins: .5 top and bottom, and .8 on sides. • Font is Arial 11

Resident Assistant, Residential and Dining Programs, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA, September 2012 - present - Develop programs for, advise, and manage 60 residents - Enforce residence hall policies - Serve as a liaison between residents and the student affairs administration

Panel Member, Honor Court System, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA, September 2012 - present - Serve as a student representative on the University Judicial Panel - Consider alleged violations of the honor system to determine guilt or innocence Hotline Assistant, (Volunteer), RAFT Community Crisis Center Blacksburg, VA, January 2011 - present - Assist, advise, and refer individuals on issues related to personal needs - Trained six volunteers in counseling techniques and procedures - Coordinate personnel scheduling


Content Features: • Relevant college activities detailed like employment. • Experience includes volunteer work • Other, less relevant employment separated and not detailed. • Relevant courses listed

Related Courses Deviant Behavior Sociology of Law Families Under Stress

The Family in the Ecosystem Adolescence and Early Childhood Sociology of Corrections

Bachelor of Arts, Sociology; Minor: Human Development, expected August 2014 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA GPA: 3.1   Earned 40% of college expenses through summer and part-time work


Internship or summer job in the area of criminal justice and law; particular interest in working with juvenile delinquents


Address: (through May 15, 2014) 2343 Blankinship Road Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-0000 E-mail: [email protected]


Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Permanent Address 4097 Back Creek Rd. Bishopville, MD 21813 (410) 512-3167

HTML Dreamweaver Windows 7

Photography and darkroom procedures Photographic manipulation Sketching, graphic printmaking

PGAL Architects, Alexandria, VA, Summer 2013 • Worked on design development for Ramp Control Tower, Philadelphia Int’l. Airport. • Drafted site plans, floor plans, sections, and elevations. • Created site and building models for presentations.

Brown Residence Renovation, Chantilly, VA, Summer 2012 • Worked with owner to create new design for house renovation project. • Created a model of the new design for owner.




Paul Kratzer and Co., Salisbury, MD, Summer 2011 • Assisted in the creation of advertising campaigns. • Produced layouts and graphics for printed advertisements.

Features of this resume: • Design skills related to career field. • Table for formatting. Set borders not to appear: Format>Borders & Shading> Borders=None. • Font=Arial 10 • Margins: .8

ACTIVITIES & American Institute of Architecture Students AWARDS Habitat for Humanity Volunteer Indian Students Association Gamma Beta Phi National Honor Society Winner of Virginia Tech Tyssowski Scholarship Winner of 2009/10 American Institute of Architects Scholarship

Davis, Bowen, and Friedel, Inc., Salisbury, MD, Summer 2010, January 2012 • Produced drawings and colored renderings for a wide variety of projects. • Responsible for altering red-lined construction drawings, as well as creating new construction drawings from on site measurements. • Created a proposal which won a major new commission for the firm.

Modeling Wood and metal shop experience Pottery

Microsoft Word PowerPoint

European Study Abroad Program, Fall 2012 • Traveled through 10 European countries exploring a wide variety of cultures. • Studied architecture through photography, painting, and sketching.

InDesign Adobe Illustrator

Washington/Alexandria Architecture Consortium, Alexandria, Virginia, Spring 2013 • Extensive studies of architecture within the urban environment. • Construction site visits to embassies and Washington historic restoration projects.

AutoCAD Photoshop

Bachelor of Architecture, May 2014 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia GPA: 3.3/4.0   Dean’s List: Spring 2011, Fall 2011, Spring 2012


OBJECTIVE To obtain a position in the design field, with emphasis on continuing development of technical and computer skills.

Local Address 123 Turner St. N.E. #5 Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 961-2469 E-mail: [email protected]


Computer Skills:

Project Manager for Senior Design Team, Omega Window Co., Inc., Salem, VA Fall 2013 – Spring 2014 Analysis and evaluation of current layout of the window fabrication facility. n Collection and interpretation of materials handling and flow data. n Developing alternative facility layouts to reduce materials handling.

Summer Engineering Intern, Perkins Company, Inc., Cleveland, OH, Summer 2013 n Application of CAD skills to both office layout and curtain wall analysis. n Compiled ANSI structural leading programs using computer knowledge. n Assisted applications engineers in preparing stamped structural calculations. Maintenance Administration, Cuyahoga Foods, Inc., Bridgewater, VA, Summer 2012 n Maintained and updated computer cataloguing of machine parts room. n Ordered, received, and distributed valuable machine parts and supplies. n Prepared purchase orders for cost accounting. Engineering Technician, Naval Air Systems Command, Arlington, VA, Summer 2011 n Developed Close Air Support Effectiveness math model using FORTRAN. Perdue Farms Inc., National Scholarship Society of Manufacturing Engineers Marching Virginians & Metro Pep Band


Features of this resume: n Skills not limited to computer skills. n  Course project experience detailed just like other work or internship experience. n  Table used to format only – borders are set to be invisible on the print document. n Font = Arial 11; margins at least .5 all sides.



Opt Quest SAS ServiceModel Storm Visual BASIC

Inventory Control Statistics

Crystal Ball FORTRAN MS Excel MS Word MS Project

Human Factors Plant Layout

AutoCAD Ampl Arena/ProModel Simulation BlocPlan C++

Cost Analysis Materials Handling

Knowledge gained through ISE project work includes:


B.S., Industrial and Systems Engineering, August 2014 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia GPA: In-major: 3.1/4.0 Overall: 2.68/4.0 Dean’s List: Fall 2010, Spring 2010 Earned and financed 70% of college and living expenses


OBJECTIVE Industrial engineer; interests in manufacturing, cost analysis, and occupational safety

Address after August 15, 2008: 2107 Calvin Street Manassas, VA 22221 (703) 555-8304 [email protected]

MORGAN ELIZABETH NEILSON Current address: 5634 University City Blvd., Apt. 56B Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 961-6666 [email protected]

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech



B.A., Communication Studies, Public Relations, Marketing Minor, December 2013 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Semester at Sea, Spring 2010 GPA: In-major: 3.3./4.0 Overall: 2.6/4.0 Earned 50% of educational expenses

Marketing/Sales/Promotion • Grossed $15,000 in three months with summer painting business. • Raised $600 in advertising space for fraternity folder project. • Raised $400 for fraternity sponsored car show. • Cold canvassed community for potential clients. • Created informational brochure for apartment leasing company. • Developed advertising campaign for class project.

Management/Training/Organizational Ability • Managed daily activities of own painting business including renting/purchasing equipment and supplies, hiring assistants, budgeting, payroll. • Arranged client contracts for painting business. • Assisted in organizing talent show and benefit auction for Semester at Sea. • Coordinated sales presentation strategy for fraternity car show and trained others in sales techniques. • Trained new restaurant employees. • Aided in refurbishing and renovating a restaurant. • Performed restaurant duties ranging from busboy to night manager.

Communications/Language/Creative Projects • Created multimedia presentation using slides, music, and narration to brief incoming Virginia Tech students during orientation. • Developed sales presentations and assisted with advertising campaigns including radio spots, newspaper ads, billboards, posters, brochures. • Designed and distributed flyers for painting business. • Traveled around the world with Semester at Sea and used conversational Spanish skills.

Self-Employed, (Partnership) Sunrise Painters, Reston, VA Summer 2012 Wait Staff, Leonard’s of Washington, Washington, DC Summers 2009, 2010, 2011

Pi Sigma Epsilon, National professional fraternity in marketing, sales management and selling Summer Orientation Leader, 2012 Theater Arts, Virginia Tech • Several roles in: “The Bride,” “The Monster and Steven,” “If Men Played Cards as Women.”





Sales management trainee position; goal to lead and train a sales staff

(540) 555-2121 (703) 654-3210

College address: 600 Jackson St., Apt. C, Blacksburg, VA 24060 Home address: 4156 Hawthorne Circle, Reston, VA 12345


E-mail: [email protected]

Taylor A. Kelly

Features of this resume: n Table used to format; SET BORDERS TO BE INVISIBLE ON ACTUAL RESUME: Format > Borders and Shading > Borders = “None.” n  Skills format: skills from work, fraternity, course projects, semester at sea, and activities are grouped and listed to support objective. n Margins = .7 Font = Arial 10 (Okay to fit in essential information, but don’t go smaller.)

• • • •

Microsoft Excel Microsoft Word Microsoft PowerPoint

Techniques for Bacterial Identification Tests for Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Dilutions Aseptic Technique Methods for Nematode Staining Maintenance of Laboratory Notebooks

Immunology Insect Biology Medical and Veterinarian Entomology Insect Pest Management

Permanent address: 5683 Alice Drive Richmond, VA 23060 (804) 364-3395

Leadership Alpha Chi Omega Women’s Fraternity, 2009-present Experience • Senior Class Representative to the Chapter Relations and Standards Board Virginia Tech Tae Kwon Do Club

Research Lab Support Technician Experience International Research and Development, Virginia Tech June 2013 – present •  Conduct research on spores of Metarhizium anisopliae for the control of locusts in Features of this Sub‑Saharan Africa. resume: • Evaluate production processes utilizing hemacytometer and CFU counts.  • Lab Skills • – Work on methods to decrease water activity as to enhance germination at lower relevant to objective. humidities.  • Upper level courses • Assist in bioassays to determine the insects’ mortality and virulence of the insect (DON’T list basic pathogen. courses obviously taken because of your Laboratory Assistant major). Entomology Department, Virginia Tech May – August 2012  • Use table • (shown Researched the development and fecundity of Steinernema carpocapsae here) only for nematodes when exposed to the bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophilus using in vitro formatting. On your techniques.  resume, set Format > • Assisted in an experiment to determine the response of plant pathogenic Borders and Shading nematodes to X. nematophilus. > Borders • = None. Applied predatory nematodes for the control of the Tomato Root Knot nematode. • Font = Arial 10 • Aided in a pesticide trial for the control of Japanese beetle grubs. • Margins = .7 Undergraduate Research Entomology Department, Virginia Tech January – May 2012 •  Worked to develop a biopesticide for the control of a plant pathogenic nematode using the bacteria Xenorhabdus bovienii. •  Responsible for the general set-up and management of experiments as well as the collection and analysis of data.

• • •

Gram Stain Procedure • Cultured Bacterial and Fungal Colonies • Media Preparation • pH Calibration • Potentiometric Calibration • Calorimetry •

Computer • Windows 2008 NT Skills • Mathematica

Lab Skills • • • • • •

Biological Statistics Microbial Genetics Food Microbiology Pathogenic Bacteriology

Bachelor of Science in Biology, May 2014 Minor in Chemistry, emphases in Microbiology and Entomology Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia GPA: 2.9/4.0

Education Coursework • • • •

Laboratory position utilizing scientific research and laboratory skills


College address: 442 E. Roanoke St., Apt J Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 961-3395

Elizabeth McWellen     [email protected]

Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Permanent address: 428 Logan Circle Annapolis, MD 20000 (301) 444-5555

Fluent in Spanish Traveled in Europe; used conversational French Student Computer Assistant, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA September 2012 – present (10 hours/week) • Assist students with computer problems; by phone and in residence halls. • Trouble shoot hardware and software problems. • Make recommendations for hardware upgrades. • Minor installation and repair.

Language Skills Technical Experience

Student Athletic Trainer, 2009-2010

Sales Associate, January 2012 - present, part-time during college Footlocker, Christiansburg, Virginia • Demonstrate product knowledge and excellent customer service.


Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Dreamweaver

 Vice President for Professional guests Speaker Series, 2012-2013 Exercise Science Student Organization • Locate and invite professionals to speak at organization meetings regarding career opportunities and professionalism.


CERTIFICATIONS American Council on Exercise (ACE) Certified Strength Trainer American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Exercise Specialist Certification CPR Certified through American Red Cross

Volunteer Coach, 2011-2012 Virginia Tech Junior Varsity Cheerleading

Cardiac Rehabilitation Staff Member, Summer 2012 Cardiac Therapy & Intervention Center, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia n Assessed blood pressure, heart rate, and body fat. n Monitored and assisted clients during rehabilitation program. n Assisted with and evaluated Graded Exercise Tests.

Cardio-Pulmonary Intern, Summer 2013 Montgomery Regional Hospital, Blacksburg, Virginia n Assisted with exercise stress tests. n Monitored patients in the cardiac rehab program. n Served as Electrocardiogram (EKG) technician. n Assisted with one-hour electroencephalogram (EEG) tests.

New River Valley Cycling Club, 2011-present Habitat for Humanity Volunteer, 2012-present Special Olympics Volunteer, 2011, 2012, 2013 Dean’s List, last 4 completed semesters: Fall 2011 - Spring 2013

Activities & Awards

Features of this resume: • Coursework outside the major shows how this student is qualified for the career objective. • Experience can be a student activity—related to and supports the objective in this example. • 6 key items bolded (in addition to headings)—select those that best support objective. • Font = Century Gothic 11 Margins = .7 • Table used to simplify formatting only; not to print. Set borders to be invisible on print document: Format > Borders and Shading > Borders = None.

Writer / Editor, Collegiate Times, Virginia Tech Student Newspaper, 2009-2012 • Editor of Events Page, 2013 – present. • Wrote articles on campus topics weekly. • Wrote book reviews. • Scheduled interviews with visiting personalities, campus leaders and members of the university administration; arranged photo shoots.

Writing Experience

Languages: C++, JAVA, HTML Software: Windows 7, MS Office Suite, Publisher, Dreamweaver

Computer Skills

Features of this resume: • Certifications pertinent to the student’s field. • Verdana 10 point font. • Table used to format— borders set to be invisible on final document: Format > Borders and Shading > Borders = None.

English / Communication: Business Writing Technical Writing Journalistic Writing Reporting Literary Criticism

Computer Science: Computers for Business Operating System Tools Introduction to Programming in C Object-Oriented Software Design Human Computer Interaction

Related Courses


Strength and Facilities Intern, August – December 2013 New Town Fitness, Blacksburg, Virginia n Conducted orientation of facility and services for new clients. n Designed and implemented weight training programs for beginners. n Assisted with organization of health promotion fair.

B.S., English with Spanish Minor, May 2014 15 hours in Computer Science Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Major GPA: 3.6/4.0 Overall GPA: 2.8/4.0

Objective Position utilizing writing and computer skills; special interests in technical writing and developing training materials for computer use

Current address: 279 Progress Street Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 961-9876


Position as an athletic trainer in a college or university setting

Permanent Address: 8502 Landmark Dr. Buchanan, VA 24066 (540) 555-4578

Pat E. Walsh [email protected]

EDUCATION Bachelor of Science in Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, August 2014 Exercise and Health Promotion Option Virginia Tech Blacksburg, Virginia GPA: 3.29


Current Address: 409 Hunt Club Rd. 36I Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 951-6570

Simone Whitman [email protected]

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech


46 (540) 232-0000 (540) 230-1111

Honors   •  2010 Virginia Cattlemen’s Association Scholarship Recipient   • Miss Virginia Farm Bureau-Ambassador for Agriculture 2009 1st Runner-up   • Residential Leadership Community-Pamplin Leadership Award

Leadership Experience Alpha Chi Omega, 2011 - present   • Vice President - Chapter Relations and Standards 2011-2012   • Spring 2010 Outstanding New Member   • Community Service, fundraising, sisterhood and leadership activities   • Risk Management Committee   • Help with writing grants for the further promotion of our philanthropic activities Student Alumni Associates, 2011 - present   • Virginia Tech Reunion Liaison   • Public Relations Committee   • Pep Rallies, College Homecomings and Reunions  •  Leadership Workshops College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Ambassador, 2011 - present  •  President- 2013-2014   • Chairman of Education Committee; editor of college newsletter   • Volunteer in the Developmental Department   • Liaison between alumni and prospective students to the college Dairy Club, 2011 - present   •  2013 Chairman, Women’s Basketball Milkshake Sales   • Recruit prospective students to the Dairy Science Program   • Volunteer, Dairy Youth Programs Team in Training, 2011 - 2012   • Raised over $2,000 for the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society   • Trained and ran a Half Marathon in September 2012.

Work Experience Office Assistant, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Academic Programs, January 2013-Present, Blacksburg, VA   • File paperwork, assist Dean on student projects, provide telephone assistance, and answer questions of prospective and current students. Orientation Leader, Virginia Tech, July 2014. Blacksburg, VA   • Chosen out of 400 students to be one of thirty leaders, served as liaison between the incoming freshman and the University, made presentations to students and parents.  Poultry Lab and Research Assistant, Animal and Poultry Sciences August 2012-August 2014, Blacksburg, VA   • Assist with lab procedures; help with collection days at barns, provide telephone assistance, handle paperwork and assist with inventory.

Education B.S. Animal and Poultry Sciences and Dairy Science, expected May 2015, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA GPA: 3.23/4.0

Objective To obtain a public relations internship with an Agriculture organization.

College Address: 209 SPH-A, Blacksburg, Virginia 24060 Home Address: 865 Main Street, Saltville, Virginia 24370

Amber D. Williams [email protected]

511 Sunridge Drive, Apartment 112, Blacksburg, VA 24060 [email protected] [C] 540.830.1142

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Bachelor of Science – Marketing Management, In-Major GPA: 3.85/ 4.0 Bachelor of Arts – International Studies, Spanish Minor, In-Major GPA: 3.76/ 4.0 Overall GPA: 3.55/ 4.0, Expected graduation: May 2014

Marketing Brand Manager, August 2013 – January 2013 Mindful Eye Consulting, Roanoke, VA • Developed complete brand positioning strategy for a start-up education consulting company • Coordinated programs to meet the needs of potential clients within the capabilities of consultants • Maintained brand awareness in education industry through e-mail and website promotions Lead Analyst – Taubman Museum of Art Consumer Research Group, August 2013 – December 2014 Virginia Tech Marketing Research Course, Blacksburg, VA • Created a market research plan to determine the best method of increasing public awareness • Conducted primary and secondary research by organizing focus groups and consumer intercept surveys • Evaluated observations and findings to determine the best course of action to generate increased revenue Education Marketing Intern, July 2013 – September 2013 Taubman Museum Of Art, Roanoke, VA • Created a guerilla marketing campaign to draw positive attention towards educational programs • Designed innovative marketing materials to increase attendance for programs (flyers, pamphlets, web pages) • Maintained records on program attendance/ feedback to document the effectiveness of marketing strategies Contract and Acquisitions Department Intern, March 2012 – January 2013 United States Army - Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RAAP), Radford, VA • Participant in the Federal Student Career Experience Program (SCEP) • Created policies that provided detailed set-up procedures of computer programs • Processed and generated purchase orders for the Contract and Acquisitions Department • Obtained government security clearance Administrative Intern, May 2011 – December 2011 United States Army Security Assistance Command (USASAC), Fort Belvoir, VA • Developed charts, tables and PowerPoint presentations illustrating statistics relevant to foreign military sales • Attended USASAC conferences relating to international policies of different regions around the world • Updated various databases and communicated their status to alternate USASAC branches



Phi Beta Delta, International Honors Society – Philanthropy Committee Chair (Spring 2013) Leadership Initiative for Excellence, International Leadership Development Program (Spring 2013) Kepner-Tregoe Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Certification (Spring 2013) The Big Event, Virginia Tech Student Volunteer Project – Team Captain (2012) Leadership Tech, Student Leadership Development Organization (2010-2011) Dean’s List, Achieved a 3.4+ GPA for 5/7 semesters (2011 – Present)

Event Planning and Promotions Intern, June 2013 – Present Career Services – Division Of Student Affairs At Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA • Responsible for the promotion and outreach of career fairs and job-preparation events to students • Contacted and recruited potential employers to attend job fairs and open house events • Planned and implemented a series of resume critiquing/ mock interview events

Student Ambassador for Virginia Tech, September 2012 – Present College Of Liberal Arts And Human Sciences At Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA • Actively recruit and interact with prospective students at Virginia Tech Open House events • Speaker on Student Panel Discussions regarding Virginia Tech Student Life • Contribute ideas for recruitment activities that will actively engage the interest of prospective students


 Consortium Institute Of Management And Business Administration (CIMBA), Paderno del Grappa, Italy Leadership Development Study Abroad Program, January 2013 – April 2013


OBJECTIVE Seeking an entry-level full-time position in the fields of global communications, market research, promotional campaign development and/or international relations.

Debra R. Keith

Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

AWARDS AND ACTIVITIES Outstanding Leadership & Service Award, African Students Association, February 2012 Certificate of Achievement, U.S. Committee for UNICEF, fall 2011 President 2013-14, Secretary 2012-2013, Virginia Tech African Students Association Captain and Manager 2011-2012, San George Intramural Soccer Team

Researcher, Blacksburg, VA, December 2010 – August 2011 Agricultural & Applied Economics Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University • Examined the effects of communication and transport infrastructures on economic development; reviewed literature and collected relevant data and information. • Performed empirical examination using econometric methods on SAS JM.

Research Assistant, Blacksburg, VA, January 2011 – July 2012  Office of Institutional Research and Development, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University • Designed a framework for assessing economic impact of USAID-funded Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program. • Performed economic (Benefit-Cost Analysis) and statistical analysis of IPM programs using database-based computer program called DREAM. • Traveled to both sites and collected primary and secondary data and information. • Examined the transferability of IPM technologies and their adoption beyond the primary sites using spatial modeling within a framework of geographic information system (GIS) technology.

RELEVANT EXPERIENCE Freelance Web Consultant, Blacksburg, VA, May 2012 – present AGECON.COM | AFRICOMP.COM | IFAF.NET | GUAYLA.COM • Generate business leads and design complete web solutions for clients. • Formulate e-strategic guidance and conceptual consulting. • Provide interface design; content research, development, and synthesis. • Perform the evaluation, planning, development, deployment and ongoing use of web-based mechanisms and information. • Build and maintain economic and spatial database.

COMPUTER SKILLS Platforms: Windows 7, Vista, XP/server 2009, 2004  Software: GIS (ArcView, ArcIMS, ARC/INFO, BusinessMAP Pro, ATLAS GIS, ACT 1.25), Microsoft Office Suite, MINITAB, Mathematica, STATA, SAS, SAS JMP, DREAM, Adobe InDesign, Photoshop, and Acrobat. Programming: C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, and SQL

Feature of this resume: •  Summary of qualifications— can be used when you have professional experience. • Job title and employer emphasized with bold font

1105 New Lott Drive Blacksburg, VA 24060 540-555-4321 [email protected]

EDUCATION M.S. Applied Economics, May 2014 GPA: 3.8/4.0 Thesis: “Framework for Economic Impact Assessment of IPM-CRSP: a GIS application” B.A. Economics, Minor: Chemistry, July 2010 GPA: 3.0/4.0 Specialization: Macroeconomics & Finance Vrginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

SUMMARY OF QUALIFICATIONS • Three years’ experience in economic & financial management analysis • Web-based coordination of business & e-commerce strategy • Statistical, spatial, and econometric modeling and analysis • Database management

OBJECTIVE Business financial analyst position specializing in economics

Thomas Vandeveer Permanent Address 98765 Late Settlers Rd. Richmond, VA 23235 (804) 320-0000

Laboratory Assistant, Computer-Based Instruction Laboratory of the Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, VA, Summers 2008 & 2009 • Aided medical students with their general computing needs • Helped to manage the front information desk • Prepared classroom instructional materials Landscape Technician, Landmark Landscape Management Ashland, VA, May - June 2008


Tau Beta Pi National Engineering Honor Society Dean’s List With Distinction: Spring 2013, Fall 2012, Fall 2011 Dean’s List: Spring 2012, Spring 2011, Fall 2011, Fall 2010 Marshall T. Hahn Engineering Merit Scholarship, 2010 Eagle Scout Award, Boy Scouts of America, 2009 Second Place, Virginia Junior Academy of Science, 2008 & 2009 Boy Scouts of America, Summer 2003 - Summer 2009

• Control Station Autodesk Inventor • Mathematica • Microsoft Windows 7 • Microsoft Office Suite • Minitab

Computer Skills • ASPEN Plus • MATLAB • AutoCAD • FORTRAN • C++

Research/Technical/Communication Skills • Networking with both manufacturing and research personnel. • Working in conjunction with outside companies to develop a product. • Visually presenting and verbally communicating research findings. • Collecting, organizing, and analyzing data.


Features of this resume: • “Relevant” and “other” experience separated (no detail needed on last position listed; use page space to tell about more related experience). • Skills don’t have to be limited to computer skills • Margins: .6 top and bottom; .7 sides • Font is Times New Roman 10 (smaller than Arial 10).

RELEVANT Co-op, E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Richmond, VA EXPERIENCE January - December 2011, May - August 2012, August - December 2013 • Worked on two major new product developments for the Tyvek® business. • Planned and executed several scouting trials to establish final product definitions. • Collaborated with outside vendors to establish product supply chains. • Developed the manufacturing process for each new product. • Helped to plan and oversee product performance testing. • Participated in the writing of two product patents. • Prepared and presented numerous technical reviews using PowerPoint. • Received Excellence in Action Award for Tyvek® FlexWrap® development.

EDUCATION B.S., Chemical Engineering, Cum Laude, May 2014 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Overall GPA: 3.45/4.0

OBJECTIVE  Chemical Engineer; interest in research and product/process development and/or manufacturing

Local Address 901 Ardvark Dr., Apt. 8 Blacksburg, VA 24060 cell: (540) 111-2222

J. MICHAEL SORVINO [email protected]

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech


48 [email protected] 540-421-3744

RELATED COURSES Advanced Developmental Psychology Psychology of Trauma

Juvenile Delinquency Social Inequality


Alpha Kappa Delta, International Sociology Honor Society All-ACC Second Team, 2011 ESPN’s the Magazine Academic All-District Team, 2012 NFCA Second Team All-Northeast, 2011 All-ACC Second Team Academic Team, 2012 VaSID All-State Second Team, 2011

VOLUNTEER Missionary, Mission trips to Africa and Brazil, Summers 2010-2011 EXPERIENCE • Worked with people in urban and rural areas without homes and in impoverished conditions by giving them my time, a warm meal and shelter if they needed it. Helped serve them in mind, body and spirit while encouraging people to empower themselves in their conditions. • Helped start a hospital in the village town of Kalomo, Zambia. Worked in orphanages with HIV-positive children and did many activities to build people up in their communities by giving them the tools needed to enact change. Builder, Mission trips to Mississippi, Winters 2009-2010 Relay for Life, 2010-2013 Appointed Team Captain, 2010-2013

RELATED Volunteer, Raft Crisis Hotline, Blacksburg, VA, June 2011 - present EXPERIENCE • Gained knowledge on suicide prevention and crisis intervention, how to develop empathy skills and provide referrals to other services to callers. • Have currently worked over 320 hours on the phone lines dealing with crisis and empathy situations while confidently answering any call with the caller’s best interests in mind.  Assistant, Virginia Department of Social Services, Harrisonburg, VA, Summers and Breaks 2010-2012 • Worked with the Foster Care unit doing transportation of children, filing and paperwork. • Learned the public service system protocols and how Foster Care is run through the State of Virginia. LEADERSHIP/ Virginia Tech Varsity Softball, 2010-2012 DIVISION 1 • Competed in the Women’s College World Series, 2011 ATHLETIC Student Athlete Advisory Committee (SAAC), 2011-2013 EXPERIENCE Community Outreach Chairman, 2012-2013 • Elected member to represent the softball team to discuss student-athlete issues and promote open communication between varsity sports teams, coaches and faculty in the athletic department as well as the Virginia Tech community. • Learned how to help coordinate canned food drives, Relay for Life and organizing fundraising events. Athletes in Action, 2010-2013 Servant Team, 2012-present • Conducted one-on-one spiritual counseling with younger student-athletes; leading them emotionally while being an outlet and a liaison for them in the Virginia Tech athletic community. • Learned how to approach and help people who were struggling emotionally, physically and/or spiritually so they could best achieve their goals in their respective sports.

Abnormal Psychology Social Research Methods

B.S. in Sociology and Psychology, May 2014 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Overall GPA: 3.6; Sociology GPA: 3.7; Psychology GPA: 3.9


OBJECTIVE Entry level position in Human Resources, specific interest in training and leadership development

700 Fairfax Road, Apt. A4 Blacksburg, VA 24060

Jennifer L. Roberts

Student Athlete Sample

Server, Smokey Bones Bar and Fire Grill; Roanoke, Virginia 2009-2012 • Attended to restaurant customers – drink and food orders, • Address customer complaints, • Cleaning and maintenance of dining room and server stations


Computer: C++, MATLAB, and LabVIEW Microsoft Office: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote


Features of this resume: Unsure if you should mention other schools under your Education information? If you went to a different school for a year or more, it is recommended that you list t he school as part of your education. List the college/university, city and state where the school is located and the dates you attended.

Cook, Pizza Hut, Inc.; Clifton, Colorado 2006-2007

 Carpenter’s Assistant, Steve’s Construction LLC; Grand Junction, Colorado 2007-2009 • Built new homes, remodels, and additions to existing homes – foundation, framing, drywall, interior/exterior finishing, paint, roofing, shelving, windows, and door installation

Vibrations, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Electrical Theory, Heat Transfer System Dynamics, Mechanical Design and Mechanics of Deformable Bodies

Relevant Courses

Virginia Western Community College, Roanoke, VA Associate of Science, Engineering, May 2012 Associate of Science, Science - Mathematics Specialization, May 2012 Honors: Summa Cum Laude GPA: 4.0/4.0

Education Virginia Tech, College of Engineering, Blacksburg, VA Bachelors of Science, Mechanical Engineering, expected May 2014 Honors: Dean’s List All Semesters GPA: 3.81/4.0

Objective Engineering student seeking an internship position with a progressive thinking company requiring engineering knowledge and skills.

Ima Hokie 2345 Baker Street Blacksburg, VA 24060 540-239-9999 [email protected]

Transfer Student Sample

Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Study Abroad Experience, Costa Rica and Nicaragua, January 20XX Study Abroad Participant • Developed understanding of tropical horticulture by effectively communicating with professors, fellow study abroad students, and local citizens

Study Abroad, Monteverde, Costa Rica, August 20XX– December 20XX Study Abroad Participant • Conducted a botany research project to define Passiflora spp. allocation of resources in metabolite defenses and presented results to the local scientific community at a symposium • Took intensive coursework in tropical biology, ecology, conservation, ecosystem services, botany, Costa Rican culture and Spanish language in locations across Costa Rica

•  English: native language • Spanish: intermediate (speaking, reading); basic (writing)

Horticulture Club at Virginia Tech, 20XX-Present • Event Coordinator • Create and manage events to foster, promote, and encourage closer professional and social relationships between the faculty, students, and horticulture community. • Promote horticultural interest within Virginia Tech, the community, the Commonwealth of Virginia, and globally Intercultural Understanding Club at Virginia Tech, 20XX-Present • Improve interactions in the university community by bridging “the dialogue gap” among members of different cultures in the form of conferences, panels, art, performances as well as outings. Habitat for Humanity Volunteer, 20XX-present Help Save The Next Girl at VT (HSTNGatVT), 20XX-Present Alpha Zeta, Virginia Tech, 20XX-20XX • Professional, service, and honorary fraternity for men and women in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and the College of Natural Resources at Virginia Tech.



Features of this resume:   •  International Experience and Coursework sections   •  E-Portfolio section to showcase course and work projects   •  Campus Involvement section with leadership position bullet details

International Dairy Judging Competition, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 20XX Participant June 20xx • Gained comprehensive knowledge of worldwide dairy trade by representing the United States at the Royal Highland Dairy Show


•  The Global Economy and World Politics •  Environmental Law

Bachelor of Science, Environmental Horticulture, May 20XX Minor in International Agriculture Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia GPA: 3.4/4.0 Dean’s List 5 semesters

INTERNATIONAL •  International Agriculture COURSEWORK   Development and Trade •  World Crops and Cropping Systems


OBJECTIVE Position as an environmental horticulturist applying my cross-cultural plant knowledge and experience

College address: 315 SW Clay Street, Apt. 10, Blacksburg, VA 24060 Permanent address: 1240 Tahoe Court, Harrisonburg, VA 22801

HAYDEN BILLINGS  (540) 383-5679  [email protected]

International Experience

It is important that military experience is translated into civilian terminology. For help translating experience, visit O*NET Military Crosswalk Search or Monster Veteran Employment Center

➢ Team Captain, Relay for Life 2013 ➢ Student Volunteer, Virginia Tech Women’s Center, 2013-present ➢ Student Volunteer, Virginia Tech Police Department Rape Aggression Defense Program, 2013-present ➢ [email protected], campus chapter of Student Veterans of America, 2012-present


SKILLS Language: Fluent in Spanish and Portuguese Computer: Microsoft Office, Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator Social Media: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, LinkedIn Other: Blueprint reading and proficient with range of hand and power tools

➢ Coordinated with fellow crew members to complete combat, reconnaissance, transport, and search/rescue missions overseas ➢ Operated and maintained aircraft communications and detection equipment to ensure safety and security ➢ Maintained proper inventory of cargo, fuel, and emergency equipment ➢ Commended by offices for courtesy and professionalism

Aircrewman, U.S. Navy, May 2008-May 2012

➢ Advise fellow students on career-related concerns on a walk-in basis averaging 60 students per semester ➢ Conduct presentations to student groups on career-related topics such as resume writing, interview preparation, professionalism and networking ➢ Assist fulltime advisors with program development related to the Call to Serve Initiative (federal government employment) and outreach to the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences

EXPERIENCE Peer Career Advisor, Virginia Tech Career Services, August 2013-present

EDUCATION B.A., Sociology, Crime and Deviance Option, May 2016 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA GPA: 3.4

OBJECTIVE Criminal justice, national security, or intelligence internship

1918 Toms Creek Rd, Blacksburg, VA 24060 540-951-1234 • [email protected] •


Student Veteran

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech


Design Resume

Virginia Tech


2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

RELATED EXPERIENCE (Paid and Unpaid): VALLEY VIEW ANIMAL HOSPITAL Summer 2011 2100 Main Street, Abingdon, VA 24210 Supervisor: Dr. Henry Johnson (555) 898-1212

Thomas Jefferson High School, Bristol, VA; 2006 to 2010 3.25 GPA Relevant courses: Biology, Botany, Chemistry and Physics plus laboratories

EDUCATION: Virginia Tech, Blacksburg VA (expected May 2014) Bachelor of Science in Biology Department of Biology; 3.5 GPA Relevant courses: Intro to Biology/Lab Human Biology and Disease Anatomy and Physiology and Lab Intro to Animal Behavior and Lab

SUMMARY OF RELEVANT LABORATORY SKILLS: • Prepared specimens for laboratory analysis and testing. Prepared and stained slides for microscopic testing for specific disease pathogens. • Skilled in the use of laboratory equipment and instrumentation. • Observed veterinary surgical and autopsy procedures on both domestic and farm animals. Provided minor assistance as requested. • Basic skills in collecting blood, urine and feces from animals, and blood specimens from humans. Performed red and white blood cell counts.

OBJECTIVE: CBP VETERINARY SPECIALIST Intern Position; Job Announcement number MHC-05-156984-SJN

Citizenship: United States Veterans Status: N/A Federal Civilian Status: N/A Clearance: N/A Languages: Spanish (Conversational, Moderate Speaking)

1700 Foxrun Road Blacksburg VA 24060 (555) 948-1404 [email protected]

Anna S. Ward Anna S. Ward Pg 2

EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES: • Member, Southwest Chapter 4-H Club, 2010 to present. Won Honorable Mention at Virginia State Fair for wood carving, 2010. • Breed and raise Yellow Labrador puppies for resale. Raise and care for pups until they are ready to go to individual homes. Interview owners to place pups in a happy and healthy home. 2007 to present

ADDITIONAL EXPERIENCE: FOOD LION, INC. Summer 2009 5500 Lee Highway, Bristol, VA 24201 Supervisor: Mitch Keys (540) 555-1212 Salary: $6.75/hour; 25 hours per week Cashier: Fast-paced customer service position in a high-volume retail grocery store.

HO CLINIC Summer 2010 Ho, Ghana, West Africa Supervisor: Ariana Logan; contact via Volunteers, Inc., New York, NY 800-222-3333 Salary: Volunteer; 55 hours per week Medical Assistant: Three-month international volunteer assignment in a third-world African nation. Lived in African compound and worked at local veterinary hospital that cared for both animals and people because of their relatively modern laboratory facilities. Acquired outstanding hands-on experience in phlebotomy, hematology, routine and emergency surgical procedures, field autopsies and general animal health care.

TRI-CITIES ANIMAL HOSPITAL January 2010 to June 2011 1100 Volunteer Parkway, Johnson City, TN 37601 Supervisor: Andrea Santos (718) 444-2222 Salary: $7/hour; 8 hours per week Animal Care Assistant: Worked weekends while a freshman in college. Cared for domestic animals, cleaned kennel facilities, and provided routine hygiene. Coordinated animal drop-offs and pick-ups.

Salary: $8/hour; 20 hours per week Veterinary Assistant: Work directly with veterinarian to diagnose and treat a variety of domestic animal diseases and conditions. Assist with routine examinations and treatments. Maintain facility, lab and equipment.

Federal Resume

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech



B.A., English, May 2011 James Madison University (JMU), Harrisonburg, Virginia GPA 3.75 Earned and financed 80% of college and living expenses

English Education 6-12

Student Teacher, January – May 2014 James Madison Middle School, Roanoke City Schools, Roanoke, Virginia • Responsible for teaching 8th grade Language Arts during which students were presented with poetry, drama and young adult novel units. • Co-taught and extensively observed 8th grade American Studies classes. • Modify assignments for students at different ability levels. • School population is diverse. • Conduct teacher research on improving grammar and mechanical skills through the process model of writing.



Volunteer, June 2-14 – present Big Brothers/Big Sisters of New Roanoke Valley, Roanoke, Virginia • Develop weekly educational, social, and cultural activities for 4th grade Little Sister. • Act as a role model and mentor.

Assistant Editor, September 2010 – April 2011 The Bluestone Yearbook, JMU, Harrisonburg, Virginia • Selected and supervised staff. • Developed yearbook layout. Wrote and edited text. • Worked closely with photographers and sales representatives.

Field Experience, January – April 2013 Fallon Park Elementary School, Roanoke City Schools, Roanoke, Virginia • Explored issues of literacy development with academically-challenged 4th graders • Developed creative reading and writing strategies to increase students’ academic confidence and interest. • Aided in administering standardized testing.

Teacher’s Aide, September – November 2013 Glenvar High School, Roanoke County Schools, Roanoke, Virginia • Observed a variety of teaching styles at the middle and high school levels. • Organized and executed lesson plans for a 9th grade English novel unit. • Aided in advising the yearbook staff on interviewing, design and editing. • Fulfilled such tasks as grading, research, and reading inventories.


For a work experience taking place at present, or scheduled for the future: Use present or future tense verbs to describe current or expected work activities. Update verb tense when appropriate.

M.A.Ed, Teaching and Instruction, May 2014 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia GPA 3.9


Endorsement: Middle School

Secondary English teacher or Language Arts/Social Studies middle school teacher. Interested in advising school yearbook, newspaper staff or literary magazine.

5606 Harding Road Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-7816 [email protected]


Lydia Arnez

Part-time Bank Teller, August 2013 – May 2014 Bank America, Harrisonburg, Virginia • Transacted consumer and commercial account business. Fraud Prevention Specialist, May 2011 – August 2012 Bank of America, Charlotte, North Carolina • Managed integration of fraud systems project during conversion with First Fidelity Bank. • Developed training module for new hires and temporary employees. • Performed as senior leader during development of checkcard fraud team. • Served as editor for department newsletter. • Monitored credit accounts for fraudulent activity and analyzed trends in fraud abuse. 1st Vice President, Student Virginia Education Association (SVEA), 2012 – present • Work closely with Executive Board to develop and implement annual plans. • Conduct business meetings. • Schedule guest speakers and professional development programs. National Council of Teachers of English Virginia Association of Teachers of English James Madison University Alumni Association The Sorority of Alpha Sigma Alpha Alumni Association Kappa Delta Pi International Honor Society in Education Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society Golden Key Honor Society or available upon request



Features of this resume: • Two pages are acceptable for teaching candidates and for professional positions in higher education. • Place your second page heading in the Header section (View > Header and Footer). DON’T simply insert it in your text. For someone else viewing your resume on-screen, the page break may not fall in the place you intend. • When providing a URL for online information (portfolio, etc.), make sure all your website contents are strictly professional. • See Listing your personal website URL on your resume at JOBSEARC/Resumes/website.htm. • Margins are .5 inch on all sides. • Font = Arial 10

Writing Intern, May 2008 – May 2010 V Magazine, Roanoke, Virginia • Wrote articles focusing on regional artists, musicians, businesses and events. • Assisted during monthly production with editing, layout, and design.

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Lydia Arnez

Teaching Resume

Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Graduate Student Veteran Resume

ERIC R. PETERSEN 1234 Cambria Street • Christiansburg, VA 24073 • [email protected] • 540-987-6543 Summary of Qualifications ◆ Highly skilled personnel manager with 10+ years of experience hiring, training, and managing diverse teams. ◆ Superior written and interpersonal communication skills developed through weekly report writing, supervision and training of staff. ◆ Strong organizational and problem-solving skills. ◆ Completed numerous management training courses related to goal-setting, conflict resolution and mentoring. ◆ Obtained and maintained top secret security clearance. ◆ Earned three promotions in rank based on accomplishments and overall job performance. Education Master of Business Administration, May 2015 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia GPA: 3.7/4.0 Bachelor of Science, Management, May 2003 George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia Relevant Experience Supervisor Unit Administrator (January, 2009-August, 2013) Army Reserve Command, Ayer, MA ◆ Managed personnel, finance, and automated systems activities. ◆ Represented commander by establishing goals/objectives and setting priorities for accomplishing overall organizational functions.` ◆ Assisted the commander in establishing and implementing both unit and individual training goals. ◆ Interpreted training directives and guidance. ◆ Reviewed completed personnel actions to ensure that procedures were properly followed. ◆ Assisted the commander with strategic planning and establishment of unit action plans. US Army Reserve (USAR) Unit Administrator (June, 2003-December, 2008) Army Reserve Command, Los Alamitos, CA ◆ Implemented administrative plans, policies and procedures established by commander. ◆ Prepared and processed personnel pay, supply action, and maintenance of records. ◆ Provided consultation on army reserve program and unit vacancies and conducted interviews. ◆ Served as principal administrator responsible for the performance of a variety of technical, analytical, advisory and coordinating duties for USAR Unit Commander in accomplishing overall functions of the unit. ◆ Served as key point of contact regarding recruitment and retention for unit. Intern (Summers 2000-2002) Office of Personnel Management, Washington DC ◆ Represented agency, along with fulltime recruiters, at career fairs and information sessions on college campuses throughout the country. ◆ Organized hiring documents and coordinated schedules for hiring managers and interview candidates. ◆ Coordinated professional development activities for interns across multiple agencies.



Seeking a software engineer position in the field of high performance computing.

Multi-core systems, cloud computing, cluster scheduling and resource management, application performance prediction, parallel file systems, virtualization, storage systems

Celetronix India Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai, India Software Engineer March 2007-May 2007 Designed and implemented a system for automated control of digital instruments for quality testing in the hard drive manufacturing and testing unit.

Graduate Assistant, Department of Mechanical Engineering February 2008-July 2009 Student research assistant developing and integrating user interfaces and individual modules within a software framework called “Integrated Simulation Environment”. Languages used-Python and C.

University of Alabama Birmingham, AL Research Assistant, Department of Computer Science August 2008-July 2009 Designed and implemented aXPath model search (XMOS) plug-in to provide advanced search capabilities for domain-specific modeling tools like Generic Modeling Environment (GME 4).

Argonne National Laboratory Lemont, IL Summer Intern May 2013-August 2013 Developed a new process manager for MPICH2 library. Implemented centralized and distributed process managers for large scale systems. Supported faster process look-up using business card caching and communication using ring processor topology.

Advanced Research Computing (ARC), Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA Research Assistant August 2009-May 2012, August 2013- present Programming consultant for the Laboratory of Advanced and Scientific Computing (LASCA) and ARC. Ported parallel scientific applications to new parallel architectures. Assisted university-wide researchers to develop and execute their scientific applications on SystemX cluster and other smaller shared memory machines.

Research/ Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA Work Research Assistant August 2009- present Experience Developed a runtime system called ReSHAPE for dynamic resizing of parallel applications. Implemented cluster job scheduler for parallel applications, plug-in framework to add new scheduling policies. Designed and implemented a parallel application resizing library with efficient data redistribution algorithms.

• Programming languages: C, C++, Python, Visual Basic 6.0 • Parallel Programming Models: MPI, POSIX, OpenMP • Technologies: TCP/IP • Operating System: Linux, Windows 9x/NT/2000/XP • Scripting Languages: XPath, HTML

Bachelor of Engineering, Computer Engineering, 2006 University of Mumbai, Mumbai, India

Computer   Skills        

Master of Science, Computer Science, 2009, GPA 3.85 University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL

Education Doctor of Philosophy, Computer Science, expected graduation: May 2014, GPA 3.81 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA   • Dissertation Topic: Dynamic Resizing of Parallel Applications   • Advisor: Dr. Carl J. Roberts

Research Interests

Summary More than 4 years of experience in parallel programming with MPI and C. Experienced in designing, implementing, and evaluating runtime systems for parallel applications. Experienced in developing parallel algorithms for distributed and shared memory systems. Self-motivated researcher with excellent analytical and communication skills. Strong work ethics, good leadership qualities and interpersonal skills, can work independently as well as a team player.


123 University City Blvd, Apt K12 Tel: (540) 555-2313 Blacksburg, VA 24060 Email: [email protected]

Ranjith Raghavan

Ranjith Raghavan Page 2

Professional Organizations

IEEE, IEEE Computer Society, ACM, SIAM, Upsilon Pi Epsilon honor society

Master’s Thesis • Ranjith Raghavan, “Meta-Model Search: Using XPath for Searching Domain-Specific Models”, M.S. Thesis, Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, August 2008. •  Two-dimensional Data Redistribution algorithm (Fall 2010): A library for redistributing sparse, one- and two-dimensional dense matrices from P processors to Q processors, arranged in 1D or 2D topology. The algorithm uses minimum number of steps for data transfer and avoids node contention. This algorithm has been included as part of the resizing library in the ReSHAPE framework. •  Glips: A Peer-to-Peer Distributed File System (Fall 2009): Designed a robust, reliable, highly available, and scalable peer-to-peer distributed file system by combining ideas from Google file system and Kelips P2P distributed hash table. •  Performance Analysis of Matrix Multiplication over a Distributed Shared Memory (Spring 2009): A comparative performance analysis of the matrix multiplication routine between executing ScaLA-PACK on a distributed memory system and LAPACK on a distributed shared memory system. •  Distributed Shared Memory (Fall 2008): Simulated a parallel shared memory system over an underlying distributed system using MPI. •  Integrated Simulation Environment(ISE) (Feb 2007-2007): ISE is a simulation environment that integrates Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Computational Solid Mechanics (CSM) and Computational Chemical Modeling (CCM). Developed 2D convergence plot for a Hyb3d data file. Integrated the CFD, CSM and CCM modules into ISE using Python interface. •  Resource Brokering in a Grid Environment (Fall 2007): Developed a rudimentary resource brokering algorithm for execution of jobs in a Grid computing environment. The algorithm was tested using the ‘GridSim’ simulator. •  Monte Carlo Simulation (Summer 2007): Monte Carlo simulation of parallel random number generation using Pthreads, PVM and a hybrid approach by using both Pthreads and PVM on 8 nodes (32 processors) cluster.

Selected Projects

Publications Journals/Conferences/Workshop • Raghavan, R., Roberts, C. J., & Farkas, C. (2013). Dynamic resizing of scientific simulations. Proceedings of International Conference on Computational Science • Raghavan, R, & Roberts, C. J. (2013). Design and performance of a scheduling framework for resizable parallel applications. To appear in the Proceedings of IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium. • Raghavan, R., & Roberts, C. J. (2013). Reshape: a framework for dynamic resizing and scheduling of homogeneous applications in a parallel environment”. In the Proceedings of International Conference on Parallel Processing, Xian, China, September 11-15 • Raghavan, R., & Roberts, C. J. (2011). Efficient multidimensional data redistribution for resizable parallel computations. In the Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications, Niagara Falls, CA, August 29-31 • Raghavan, R., & Gray, J. (2010). Meta-model search: using xpath as a tool for searching domain specific models. Invited submission to a special issue of the Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, Vol. 38, No. 4. • Raghavan, R., & Gray, J. (2009). Meta-model search: using xpath as a tool for searching domain specific models. In the Proceedings of the International Conference of Software Engineering Research and Practice, Las Vegas, NV, June 26-30. • Gray, J., Zhang, J., Wu, H., Roychoudhury, S., & Raghavan, R., Gokhale, A., Neema, S., Shi, F. and Bapty, T. (2008). Model-driven program transformation of large avionics framework. In the Proceedings of Generative Programming and Component Engineering, Vancouver, BC, October. • Shaik, S., Corvin, R., Raghavan, R., Javed, F., Ijaz, Q., Roychoudhury, S. Gray, J., Bryant, B. (2007). Speechclipse-an eclipse speech plug-in, in the Eclipse workshop proceedings at AMC OOPSLA, Anaheim, CA, October 26-30.

PhD Resume

Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Teaching Assistant, Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA August 2008 - May 2009, August 2009 - May 2010 • Advised undergraduate biochemistry students during office hours •  Graded quizzes and assignments

• Regulation of aerobic gene expression • DNA sequencing and determination of DNA binding domains

Research Fellow, National Institutes of Health, Poolesville, MD May 2005 - August 2008 • Synethsized and purified hundreds of oligonucleotides • Sequenced DNA • Constructed a cosmid library from human blood DNA

Pre-Doctoral Fellow/Ph.D. Research, Department of Biology, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA, August 2008 - present • Design and conduct experiments for purification and characterization of the repressor for the sn-glycerol 3-phosphate regulon of Escherichia coli K-12 • Identified structure of the glp repressor and determined DNA binding domains

Doctor, J.B. and T.W. Advisor. 2008. Regulation of aerobic sn-glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase glpD gene expression in Escherichia coli K-12. Am. Soc. for Microbiol., Miami Beach, FL.

Advisor, T.W., J.B. Doctor, A. Colleague, and S. Colleague, A.M. Graduate. 2009. Tandem operators control sn-glycerol 3-phosphate glp gene expression in Escherichia coli Gordon Res. Conf., Meriden, NH.

Doctor, J.B. and T.W. Advisor. 2010. Nucleotide sequence of the glpR gene encoding the repressor of Escherichia coli K-12. Am. Society for Microbiol., Anaheim, CA.



Doctor, J.B. and T.W. Advisor. 2010. Structures of the promoter abd operator of the glpD gene coding aerobic sn-glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli K-12. J. Bacteriol. xx: xxxx-xxxx. Advisor, T.W., J.B. Doctor, A. Colleague, and S. Colleague. 2007. Purification and characterization of the repressor for the sn-glycerol 3-phosphate regulon of Escherichia coli K-12. J. Biol. Chem. xxx: xxxx-xxxx.

• Undergraduate biology and microbiology courses including microbiology, genetics, and microbial genetics • Graduate microbiology courses

Doctor, J.B. and T.W. Advisor. Structure of the glp repressor and the determination of DNA binding domains. (in preparation)





Laboratory Instructor, Department of Biology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA August 2010 - present • Taught two laboratory sections for undergraduate introductory Microbiology course

Phi Betta Kappa Cunningham Dissertation Fellowship )Virginia Tech research grant), 2010 - 2011 American Society for Microbiology, 2010 - present Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, 2009 - present National Institutes of Health Pre-doctoral Fellowship, 2007 - 2008

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Biology Research Technician, Biotech Research Laboratories, Inc., Roanoke, VA June 2005 - August 2006 • Participated in DNA fingerprinting project • Digested genomic DNA with restriction enzymes • Separated digested DNA fragments by electrophoresis through agarose gels and transferring by Southern blotting technique • Prepared buffers, photographed gels, developed autoradiographs

Research Assistant, Department of Biology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA August 2006 - May 2008 • Performed protein bioassays and prepared tissue cultures • Assisted with DNA preparations for DNA fingerprinting including isolating DNA and gel electrophoresis • Analyzed data

Jonathan O. Benjamin


Bachelor of Science, Biology, Minor: Chemistry, May 2007 Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA

Permanent Address 5000 Greenbrook Drive Norfolk, VA 23703 (757) 555-1000


Doctorate of Philosophy, Microbiology, Expected May 2014 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Dissertation: Regulation of aerobi gene expression in Escherichia coli Advisor: Thomas W. Kingrea

Jonathan O. Benjamin


Current Address 1200-F University Terrace Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-3000

Curriculum Vitae

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide Virginia Tech


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Five Key Points About References Three to five people are a good number of references to have. Who should you ask? Current or former  supervisors, faculty members, coaches, or advisors. Family or close personal friends are not recommended. Always ask permission before listing someone as a reference. As you ask, provide your references  with a copy of your resume or CV, and any other materials that may be relevant like a job listing, cover letter, or graduate school essay. Keep your list of references in a document separate from your resume. Usually references are not  needed at the initial time of application. Bring copies of your reference page to your interview. If you have a CV, references are often included in academic job search. Share the contact information for your references including their job titles, employers, mailing addresses, phone numbers and email addresses. Keep your references up to date on your progress and be sure to thank your references after your job search or your graduate school application process is complete.

Sample Reference List College Address 451-L E. Roanoke Street Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 953-5553 [email protected]


Permanent Address 1302 Marquis Court Fallston, MD 21047 (410) 877-8142

References: Dr. Jane Doe Professor Virginia Tech College of Agriculture & Life Sciences 1060 Litton Reaves Hall Blacksburg, VA 24061 (540) 231-5555 [email protected] Mr. Walter Randolph Supervisor Mead Paper 2705 Market Street Chillicothe, Ohio 45601 (419) 555-2045 [email protected] Ms. Jane Wilson Department Manager Johnson Controls, Inc. 4527 Appleton Drive Sparks, MD 21152 (301) 555-8211 [email protected]


Make sure the address header matches your resume address header.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Cover Letter 101 Your Street Address City, State Zip Code Telephone Number E-mail Address Month Day, Year Mr./Ms./Dr. Last Name Title Name of Organization Street or P. O. Box Address City, State Zip Code

Page layout choices: Hard copy letters can be: • Block style, with all text flush with the left margin OR • Indented, with your address block, the date and your signature block indented to center, and paragraphs undented to 5 spaces.

Dear Mr./Ms./Dr. : (Last Name Only) Opening paragraph: State why you are writing, how you learned of the organization or position, and basic information about yourself. Body: Tell why you are interested in the employer or type of work the employer does (Simply stating that you are interested does not tell why, and can sound like a form letter). Demonstrate that you know enough about the employer or position to relate your background to the employer or position. Mention specific qualifications from the job description that make you a good fit for the employer’s needs. This is an opportunity to explain in more detail relevant items in your resume. Refer to the fact that your resume is enclosed. Mention other enclosures if such are required to apply for a position. Closing: Indicate that you would like the opportunity to interview for a position or to talk with the employer to learn more about their opportunities or hiring plans. State what you will do to follow up, such as telephone the employer within two weeks. If you will be in the employer’s location and could offer to schedule a visit, indicate when. State that you would be glad to provide the employer with any additional information needed. Thank the employer for her/his consideration. Sincerely, (Your handwritten signature) Your name typed Enclosure(s) (refers to resume, etc.) (Note: the contents of your letter might best be arranged into four paragraphs. Consider what you need to say and use good writing style. See the following examples for variations in organization and layout.)




Donna Harrington


I look forward to putting my knowledge and experience into practice in the public school system. Next week I will be in Vienna, and I plan to call you then to answer any questions that you may have at that time. I can be reached before then at (540) 555-7670. Thank you for your consideration.

Through my early childhood education courses, I have had the opportunity to work in a private day care facility, Rainbow Riders Childcare Center, and in Virginia Tech’s Child Development Laboratory. Both centers were NAEYC accredited. At both locations, my responsibilities included leading small and large group activities, helping with lunches and snacks, and implementing appropriate activities. My work in the Child Development Laboratory provided me with extensive knowledge of developmentally appropriate activities and materials.

  • develop lesson plans on a wide range of topics and varying levels of academic ability,   • work with emotionally and physically challenged students in a total inclusion program,   • observe and participate in effective classroom management approaches,   • assist with parent-teacher conferences, and   • complete In-Service sessions on diversity, math and reading skills, and community relations.

The teacher preparation program at Virginia Tech includes a full academic year of student teaching. Last semester I taught second grade and this semester, fourth grade. These valuable experiences have afforded me the opportunity to:

I enjoyed our conversation on February 19 at the Family and Child Development seminar on teaching young children and appreciated your personal input about helping children attend school for the first time. This letter is to follow-up on the Fourth Grade Teacher position as discussed at the seminar. I will be completing my Bachelor of Science Degree in Family and Child Development with a concentration in Early Childhood Education at Virginia Tech in May of 2014, and will be available for employment at that time.

Dear Dr. Rhodes:

Dr. Michael Rhodes, Jr. Principal, Wolftrap Elementary School 1205 Beulah Road Vienna, VA 22182

February 22, 2014

E-2 Apartment Heights Dr. Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-0101 [email protected]

Letter of Application

Attachment: Resume included below and attached MS Word document

Sincerely, Lynn A. Johnson 5542 Hunt Club Lane, #1 Blacksburg, VA 24060 540-555-8888 [email protected]

Thank you for your consideration.

In e-mail: • There’s obviously no need to leave space for your handwritten signature; not applicable in e-mail. • Your address block follows your name, at the end of the text.

I look forward to talking with you, and will call you within the next week to answer any questions you may have.

My resume, which more fully details my qualifications for the position, is attached and below.

While working toward my master’s degree, I was employed as a sales representative with a small dairy foods firm. I increased my sales volume and profit margin appreciably while at Farmer’s Foods, and hope to couple that success with the challenges and rewards of the pharmaceutical industry. I have a strong academic background in biology and marketing, and think that I could apply that knowledge and my experience to the health industry.

I am writing to apply for your sales representative position (number sdr-324-782) for the Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina areas; I found the position posted on Hokies4Hire. I am very interested in a position with Acme Pharmaceuticals because I know your reputation through a former classmate, Joan Abrams, who now works in your Northeast region. I believe that my education and employment background are appropriate for the position.

Dear Mr. Jackson:

Letter of Application Sent via Email

Virginia Tech 2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Email Letter of Inquiry About Internship Possibilities Dear Ms. Range: I am completing my junior year at Virginia Tech, and am seeking an internship working with high-school age youth in an outdoor setting. I am double-majoring in Sociology and Family and Child Development and have a strong interest and experience in outdoor activities. I learned about your Wilderness Challenge program for troubled juveniles through Internet research, and am writing to inquire about possible internship or summer job possibilities. My background and coursework have supplied me with an understanding of dealing with the adolescent community and with many skills that are a good match for your program. For example: • I worked as a hotline assistant for a local intervention center. I counseled teenagers about personal concerns and referred them, when necessary, to appropriate professional services for additional help. • I have been active at the university as a resident hall assistant, which requires me to establish rapport with fifty residents and advise them on personal matters, as well as university policies. In addition, I develop social and educational programs and activities each semester for up to 200 participants. • I have extensive camping, hiking, and canoeing experience. My attached resume provides additional details about my background. I will be in the Marion area during my Spring break, March 1 - March 8, and plan to contact you at that time to inquire about an opportunity to meet with you to discuss your program. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely, Stacy Lee Gimble Attachment

Follow Up to Meetings (information sessions, career fairs, etc.) Sample Email Dear [Recruiter/Contact Name], Thank you for speaking with me at [event name]. I enjoyed our discussion about [opportunities with company or memorable portion of conversation]. I am writing to follow up with you about [the opportunity we spoke about]. I have read more about the opportunity [or applied online as you suggested] and I am very excited about the opportunity to join the team as an [intern/position title]. I would like to maintain contact with you about this position and/or other opportunities with [company name]. if there is any additional information required from me or if there is any additional information you would like to share with me, please contact me either by phone at [phone number] or via email, [email address]. I will also send you a LinkedIn connection request as another means to maintain contact.

Sample Voicemail Hello my name is [your name] leaving a message for [recruiter/contact name]. It is [time] on [day, date]. I am calling to follow up with you regarding the conversation we had at [event name/location and approximate time frame (last week, a few weeks ago)]. I appreciated you taking the time to talk with me about [opportunity]. I have applied online as you instructed and I was hoping to talk with you further about the opportunity. When you have a moment would you please call me back at [phone number]. Or if email is more convenient for you, feel free to email me at [email address and then spell out email]. Again this is [your name] calling for [recruiter name] following up from our conversation at [event name and location]. Thank you.

Thanks again for speaking with me and I look forward to communicating with you further. Best Regards, [Your name]


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Interviews: Tips, Types, and To Do’s What you need to know:

Interview Stages:

 • Yourself

 • Introduction

 • The Employer

 • Dialogue

 • Interview Process

 • Closing

Types of Interviews to Prepare For Sell the employer on how you fit the opening. How will you add value?

Phone Video Face-to-face Group

Say thank you. Send a note of thanks after your interview: email, handwritten or both.

Interview Do’s

  • Arrive 10 minutes prior to your scheduled interview appointment.   • Dress appropriately and conservatively.   • Know the exact time and location of your interview; some employers may schedule interviews at other locations.   • Know the name and pronunciation of your interviewer’s name.   • Address the interviewer by his/her title—Mr., Ms., Mrs., Dr. Listen closely to the introduction so you will know his/her title.   • Offer a firm handshake at the beginning and conclusion of the interview.   • Maintain good eye contact with the interviewer.   • Sit still in your seat. Avoid slouching, twisting, and fidgeting.   • Have questions prepared to ask the interviewer. Research the organization prior to the interview in the Career Services and Newman Libraries or online.   • Be concise with your answers, yet be complete.   • If you are given an application form, complete it factually and neatly. 60

Use specific examples as you answer questions. No one else has your stories.

Follow up after your meeting. Find out before you leave your interview when to check in.

  • At the conclusion of the interview, inform the interviewer that you will be pleased to supply additional information if needed.   • Express your appreciation to the interviewer for taking the time to talk to you.   • Show enthusiasm and initiative.   • Portray self-confidence.

Interview Don’ts

  • Do not make negative comments about previous employers or professors.   • Do not falsify your application or answers to any interview questions.   • Do not imply that you will consider only one specific job with that particular organization.   • Do not give the impression that you are interested in the organization because of its geographical location.   • Do not give the impression that you are just surveying the employment possibilities.   • If you choose to use cologne, use it sparingly.   • Don’t ask about salary/benefits unless the employer brings it up first.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Research Employers Before Interviews About the organization ❑ Mission/culture ❑  NEWS: valuable source to create questions ❑  Products or services ❑  Market share/stock price/number of employees/annual sales ❑ Competitors ❑  Financial outlook

About the position ❑  Job duties ❑  Career path ❑ Training

About the people ❑  ❑  ❑  ❑ 

Who is interviewing you? Ask if you don’t know Knowing about your interviewer will make you more at ease Visit CareerShift to find articles mentioning your interviewers Use Google and LinkedIn to learn about your interviewers

About the location

❑  Going Global for information on over 40 U.S. cities and 30 countries ❑  Best places to live:

Resources to tap into ❑ ❑ ❑  CareerShift and Going Global via ❑ Google


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Interviews Are a 2-Way Street E M P L OY E R Questions Asked by Employers

You will be asked many questions during a job interview. Below is a list of questions that may help you prepare and be more at ease during the interview.   • What are your long-range goals and objectives?   • What are your short-range goals and objectives?   • How do you plan to achieve your career goals?   • What are the most important rewards you expect in your career?   • Why did you choose the major/career for which you are preparing?   • What are your strengths, weaknesses, and interests?   • How do you think a friend or professor who knows you well would describe you?   • What motivates you to put forth your greatest effort?   • In what ways have your college experiences prepared you for a career?   • How do you determine or evaluate success?   • In what ways do you think you can make a contribution to our organization?   • What qualities should a successful manager possess?   • What two or three accomplishments have given you the most satisfaction? Why?   • Describe your most rewarding college experience.   • What interests you about our product or service?   • Why did you select your college or university?   • What led you to choose your major or field of study?   • What college subjects did you like best? Why?   • What college subjects did you like least? Why?   • If you could do so, how would you plan your academic studies differently?   • Do you think your grades are a good indication of your academic achievement?   • What have you learned from participation in extracurricular activities?   • In what kind of work environment are you most comfortable?   • How do you work under pressure?   • In what part-time, co-op, or summer jobs have you been most interested? Why?   • How would you describe the ideal job for you following graduation?   • Why did you decide to seek a position with this organization?   • What two or three things would be most important to you in your job?   • What criteria are you using to evaluate the organization for which you hope to work?   • Will you relocate? Does relocation bother you?   • Are you willing to travel?   • Are you willing to spend at least six months as a trainee? 62

C A N D I D AT E Questions to Ask Employers

The employer will usually provide an opportunity for you to ask questions. Always be prepared to ask questions. Prepare questions, recognizing that some of them will be answered in the interview. In the on-campus interview, do not ask questions that are answered in the literature provided by the employer. If you are having trouble developing questions, you may want to consider the following:   • What are the company’s strengths and weaknesses compared to its competition?   • How important does upper management consider the function of this department/ position?   • What is the organization’s plan for the next five years, and how does this department fit in?   • Could you explain your organizational structure?   • How will my leadership responsibilities and performance be measured? By whom?   • What are the day-to-day responsibilities of this job?   • Could you describe your company’s management style and the type of employee who fits well with it?   • What are some of the skills and abilities necessary for someone to succeed in this job?   • What is the company’s policy on providing seminars, workshops, and training so employees can keep up their skills or acquire new ones?   • What particular computer equipment and software do you use?   • What kind of work can I expect to be doing the first year?   • What percentage of routine, detailed work will I encounter?   • How much opportunity is there to see the end result of my efforts?   • Who will review my performance? How often?   • How much guidance or assistance is made available to individuals in developing career goals?   • How much opportunity will I have for decision-making in my first assignment?   • Can you describe an ideal employee?   • What is your organization’s policy on transfers to other cities?

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Video Interviewing Tips Two Basic Types of Interviews  • Live Interviews: talk to the interviewer from your video device  • Taped Interviews: respond to prompts, written or in an application

Camera should be at the same height as the top of your head You look better when the camera looks down on you. Looking up gives definition to your chin and that is a visual indicator of strength and character. Having the camera sit slightly above your hairline will help you maintain good posture while giving you the most attractive camera angle.

If you wear glasses, get an anti-glare coating If they can’t see your eyes, they can’t trust you. Every reputable eyeglass retailer offers an anti-glare lens coating at a modest charge. Without the coating, your eyes look like a circle of light. With the coating, the interviewers get the feeling that they are making a connection with you (because you are looking directly into the camera).

Use anti-shine makeup People read a shiny face as a sweaty face. They read a sweaty face as a nervous face. Video amplifies any degree of shine you might have on your face. It turns into a shiny white space that distracts from the real message. You want just enough to eliminate the glare. Too much makeup is a bad thing.

Look directly into the camera Make eye contact with the interviewer. This means looking at the camera and not the screen. Making eye contact with the camera is critical. People read a lack of eye contact as an indicator of untrustworthiness.

Watch your posture Because the interview will be done in some place that you are comfortable, it’s easy to forget that it’s a formal interaction. You should not slouch, squirm, look away from the camera for more than a brief moment, look bored, or yawn. When you are in the interview, you have to act like you are in the interviewer’s office, not your bedroom.

Manage the background The interviewer isn’t interested in your books or other collectibles. Find a simple background and set your camera up to capture it. The best image is your head and shoulders against simple backgrounds (not white). The image shouldn’t show any of the table.


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Use InterviewStream to Perfect Your Interview Skills

InterviewStream is a web-based mock interview program that allows you to record yourself interviewing with your computer’s webcam and send it to an advisor to provide you feedback. There are over 6,000 questions to choose from so you can practice industry-specific questions. 1. Access VT’s InterviewStream Portal by using your VT PID and password: scripts/InterviewStream/login.asp. 2. Create an account: Click “Create Account” to create your free InterviewStream account. 3. Pick the questions you’d like to be asked: Select a pre-built interview, click “Choose This Interview” or click “Customize Your Own Interview” to set or create your own interview.


4. Conduct your interview: Using the webcam on your computer, you can conduct a mock interview at any time in any place. A video interviewer will first ask you the question, then the camera will begin recording your response. You can view your answer, retry, or continue to the next question. 5. Watch and share your video: You can send your completed interview to a professor, mentor, or an advisor in Career Services to have it reviewed or you can just use this tool to practice on your own. Visit the VT mock interview website for instructions on reviewing your InterviewStream Interview with an advisor, or call Career Services at 540-231-6241 to set up an appointment. You will be directed to send your video to the advisor you’ll be meeting with.

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Behavioral Interviews Behavioral Interviewing

Behavioral interviewing is a technique used by employers in which the questions asked assist the employer in making predictions about a potential employee’s future success based on past behaviors. In behavior-based interviews, candidates are asked to give specific examples of when they demonstrated particular behaviors or skills. The candidate must describe in detail a particular event, project, or experience, how he/she dealt with the situation, and what the outcome was.

Effective Formula for Answering Behavioral Interviews S.  Describe the Situation you were in or T. the Task you needed to accomplish; A.  describe the Action you took and R. the Results of your experience.

Prepare for Behavioral Interviews

Use the STAR formula for responding to behavioral questions: S Situation, T Task, A Action, R Results. To help you prepare, use the STAR formula to come up with a story you would tell for each skill area below.








































Goal Setting/ Achievement














Decision Making


Communication Skills

Time Management



Problem Solving


Going above and beyond call of duty


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Interview Follow-Up Correspondence NOTE: Thank-you notes should be sent within 24-48 hours of your interview. However, follow-ups to interviews should be done if the employer has not responded to you about next steps within the timeframe shared during your interview.

Sample Email Dear [Recruiter/Contact Name], First I would like to thank you again for taking the time to speak with me about [Title/Position] during our interview on [date or estimated timeframe]. I am writing because I have not received an update since our interview. I would like to understand the status of the search. I would also like to reiterate my interest in the position. Our discussion has furthered my interest in the position and increased my enthusiasm for joining the team at [Company Name]. And of course, I would like to be selected for the position [or chosen to move forward in the process (if additional interviews are required)]. I believe that my skills, experiences and values are in alignment with the requirements of the position and the work culture at [Company Name]. Any update on the search and/or feedback on my interview that you can provide would be greatly appreciated. I can be contacted by phone at [your phone number] or via email, [your email address]. Thank you so much for your time and consideration of me for this position. I look forward to hearing from you.

Sample Voicemail Hello my name is [your name] leaving a message for [recruiter/contact name]. It is [time] on [day, date]. I am calling to follow up with you regarding the [Title/Position] that I interviewed for [date or estimated timeframe]. I would appreciate an update on the status of the opening as I have not received an update on the search since our interview. I would also like to reiterate my interest in the position. Our interview discussion has furthered my enthusiasm for the position and joining the team at [Company Name]. I believe that my skills, experiences and values are in alignment with the requirements of the position and the work culture at [Company Name]. If you need additional information from me, feel free to contact me via email [spell out email address] or by phone at [your phone number]. Again this [your name] calling for [recruiter name] following up from our interview. Thank you again for your time and consideration of me for this position. I look forward to hearing from you.

Best regards, [Your name]

Thank-You via Email Dear Ms. Smith: Thank you for the opportunity to visit with you and see your facilities last Wednesday. Both the interview and the tour made for an exciting and complete day. I was particularly impressed with your warehousing procedures. Mr. Allen was so thorough in explaining your process to me, and I will be corresponding directly with him to express my appreciation. Incidentally, the process you use is quite similar to one I have been researching through an independent study this term. Perhaps I can share my final report with you and Mr. Allen. The expense report you requested is attached. Again, thank you for your hospitality. I am quite interested in Sheldon Computers and Electronics, and look forward to your decision. Sincerely, Jim Richardson Attachment


Handwritten Thank-You Note Dear Mr. Wright, I enjoyed interviewing with you during your recruiting visit to Virginia Tech in February. After learning more about the management position, I think I would find the position both challenging and rewarding and would thrive in the company culture at your office. As mentioned during my interview, I will be graduating in May with a bachelor’s degree in management. Through my educational experience I have gained many skills, as well as understanding of how management works. This plus my two related internships would be an asset to your company. Thank you again for taking the time to interview me, I look forward to your decision. Please don’t hesitate to contact me if you need anything at (540) 555-1111 or at [email protected] Sincerely, Marianne Boles

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Salary Information:

What Are You Worth? You can always come by and talk to a career advisor about job offers!

Total Compensation

Total compensation refers to the consideration of all factors in an offer, not just the salary. In order to do this you want to know where to do your research and what factors to think about.

Factors to Consider

Places to research starting salries and cost of living:

Health insurance

  •, type in “post graduation report”   • salary-calculatorintro/


Moving expenses Opportunity for advancement


Type of work

  • or

Geographical location


Vacation & Sick leave


Flexible work hours, gym memberships, and parking

  •   •   •  The Jobs Rated Almanac

Future education Professional development and training

  •  American Salaries and Wages Survey


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Compare Your Offer$ Company A Position Company Size Hours Vacation Sick Time Travel Retirement Plan Health Insurance Moving Allowance Signing Bonus Advancement Opportunities Boss (personality fit) Location Salary Other Issues


Company B

Company C

Company D

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Virginia Tech

Negotiating Job Offers Receiving a job offer, particularly from one of your top choices, is exciting. However, the process can become stressful if the offer does not meet your expectations or match your worth. Negotiating offers, particularly salary, is becoming more and more common. Yet it is a conversation that many students and recent graduates are unsure of how to initiate. Below is a sample negotiation script. If you would like additional advising, please call 540-231-6241 to schedule an appointment with a career advisor. IMPORTANT: Before initiating the conversation, be sure to diligently research the salary range for the position. Be prepared to cite your sources, and/or other pending offers, when making the case for an increase in salary. Student: I want to say thank you again for extending the offer to join the [company name] team. I am extremely pleased to have the opportunity to work with you and this organization. However, I would like to discuss compensation, as it is less than I expected.

Company: Sure we can talk about compensation. What did you have in mind? Student: Before we get into specific numbers, I would like to understand how your organization structures salary ranges and how this particular salary was determined. I would like this to work for both of us. Listen to the response (A likely reason will be lack of experience). Student: I understand the organization prefers to bring recent graduates in at the lower end of the range due to a lack of experience. However, my internship experiences, technical expertise, and education warrants a higher salary. According to the Virginia Tech Post-Grad Survey, graduates within my major make a higher salary than what was offered for similar work. The National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) most recent salary survey also indicates that the starting salary for similar positions is higher than what was offered. Company: I have heard your argument. However, the most we can offer is XXXXX which is still less than what you want.

Acknowledging a Job Offer (neither accepting nor declining)

444 University Road Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-9876 [email protected] July 1, 2014 Grand Hotel Inc. 8899 Jefferson Street Roanoke, VA 24022

Student: Well [company name] is indeed one of my top choices for employment and based on what I know about the company and from my interview, I believe I would enjoy working there, gain invaluable experience, and be a contributing member of the team. I am willing to consider a signing bonus of XXXX in lieu of an increase in salary OR additional vacation time OR flexible working hours OR telecommuting once per week. Are any of these elements negotiable?

Dear “insert name of contact”: I am acknowledging your letter offering me the catering and sales representative position with Grand Hotel, Incorporated. Thank you very much for offering me this exciting opportunity. The terms of your offer are clear, and I am certain I will be able to give you a response by your requested deadline of July 16. I appreciate your allowing me ample time to consider your offer so that I can be sure my decision will be in the best interest of both my career goals and the needs of your corporation. In the meantime, should I have any questions, I will call you. Please do not hesitate to call me if I can provide you with any needed information. Yours truly,

Paula Morgan

PLEASE NOTE: There is a level of risk associated with negotiating. Negotiations may fail leading to a decline of the offer. Keep in mind though that if research supports your desired salary it is likely that you can obtain that salary elsewhere. However, it is in UNETHICAL to renege on an offer. If you accept an offer, you should stop your job search and cancel any scheduled interviews. If you would like to continue your job search in hopes of securing a higher salary, you should decline the offer and then proceed with your search.

Paula Morgan


Virginia Tech

2014-2015 Career Planning Guide

Declining a Job Offer

Request for Extension of Deadline for Accepting or Rejecting a Job Offer March 1, 2014

900 Town Road Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-9009 [email protected]

Dr. Thomas G. Jones Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife [email protected]

April 20, 2014

Dear Dr. Jones: Thank you for your telephone call and letter of last week offering me the position of Wildlife Biologist with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. I am excited about the opportunity this position offers both in terms of job duties and location. You asked that I make a decision by March 20. This is an important decision and I do not have all the information I need in order to make this decision by that date. Would it be possible for me to supply you with my decision by March 27? I would very much appreciate such an extension, and assure you that I will be able to make a firm decision by that date. Thank you very much for your consideration of my request. Sincerely, Suzanne George 343 Jefferson Street Blacksburg, VA 24060 540-552-1111 [email protected]

Acceptance of a Job Offer 1234 College Road Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-0000 e-mail : [email protected] March 1, 2014 Mr. Johnathon P. Summers Summers Fruit Company 1678 Plantation Road Atlanta, GA 46201 Dear Mr. Summers: Thank you for your offer of employment as a grower at your Fruitville, Florida site. I am delighted to accept your offer and look forward to beginning work with Summers Fruit Company. You indicated that I will be receiving a salary of $______ per year, and will have initial duties reporting to Andrea Caruso. As your offer stated, I will begin work on August 1st. In mid-July, after relocating to the area, I will call you to see what information or materials I may need before August 1st. In the meantime, please let me know if I can provide you with any information.

Dear Mr. Jones: Thank you very much for your telephone call and letter offering me the position of Assistant Project Coordinator with the Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs. While I believe firmly in the mission of your organization and appreciate the challenging opportunity you offer, I have had another offer which I believe more closely matches my current career goals and interests. Therefore, although it was a difficult decision, I must decline your offer. I do appreciate all the courtesy and hospitality extended to me by your office, and I wish you well in your endeavors. In the position I have accepted with Public Policy Watch, I will occasionally be on Capitol Hill to attend hearings and monitor legislation, so I hope we can get together again and talk about common interests. Best regards,

Martin Chang Martin Chang

Withdrawing From Job Search, via Email; Follow-Up to Phone Call March 1, 2014 Ms. Vera L. Clark Green Magazine 1515 New York Ave., N.W. Washington, DC 20006 [email protected] Dear Ms. Clark: I want to express my sincerest appreciation to you for including me in the interview process as you seek candidates for your magazine’s Editorial Assistant position. I have enjoyed meeting with the members of your staff and think you have an outstanding operation. However, to confirm our telephone conversation of this morning, I respectfully withdraw from consideration for your position. I have just accepted another employment offer which I believe very closely matches my current skills and career goals. I wish you and the staff of Green Magazine the best of success. I hope we will have the chance to visit at the upcoming Magazine Writers’ Conference. Thank you again for the opportunity to explore career possibilities with your office.

Again, thank you for offering me this exciting opportunity.



Amanda Vonn 1234 College Road Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 555-0000 [email protected]

Rebecca Atkinson


Mr. John Jones Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs 343 Third Street, NW Washington, DC 20201-0343

© 2014 NAS (Media: delete copyright notice)


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