Broadband Infrastructure and a Sustainable Future

Broadband Infrastructure and a Sustainable Future APA ‘s 2012 National Planning Conference Los Angeles (S426) Kathleen McMahon, AICP Ron Thomas, AICP...
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Broadband Infrastructure and a Sustainable Future APA ‘s 2012 National Planning Conference Los Angeles (S426)

Kathleen McMahon, AICP Ron Thomas, AICP Brendan Finn

Learning Objectives  Learn how communications and broadband infrastructure have become a critical part of urban systems.

 Uncover opportunities for planners, planning commissioners and local officials to integrate broadband planning into other city planning processes.

 Learn why affordable, reliable and high-speed broadband is essential for vital communities in the digital age.

Broadband Infrastructure and a Sustainable Future APA ‘s 2012 National Planning Conference

“Broadband Overview” Ron Thomas, AICP

BROADBAND INTERNET

Who Is Planning the Future?

What is Broadband

• An optical fiber is replacing metal wire as the transmission medium in high-speed, highcapacity communications systems • the laser, and silica glass fibers carry light waves without significant attenuation, or loss of signal. • To transmit information, a datalink converts an analog electronic signal—a telephone conversation or the output of a video camera—into digital pulses of laser light.

The optical fiber cable in the foreground has the equivalent information-carrying capacity of the copper cable in the background.

http://www.corningcablesystems.com/web/college/fibertutorial.nsf/introfro

Planning the Future Even up to the middle of the 20th century, many roads in the United States were private, unpaved, and after a good rain they were a virtual quagmire.

Today’s Internet depands on equally random systems and often built on old technology... Copper Wires

1916 First National Highway Act – Federal Funds

Roads had a purpose that was then best met by the new technology – the Car • To Move Products to Market • Improve Communication

1921 National Highway Act – Consistency & Universality

• Road design became a national network

Do We Want Railroad National System Model?

• National Rail Map – The first national network to move the goods provided by private companies

The Crédit Mobilier Scandal - One of the great scandals in American political history involved Today Hardly financialIt’s fraud duringa Network the construction of the transcontinental railroad.

Comparing Broadband Speeds Worldwide

Japan stands at top, having average broadband speed of 60Mbps and average cost $0.27 per 1Mbps. On the other side, U.S. has an average of 4.8Mbps and pay $3.33 per 1Mbps, putting U.S at 15th.

Internet Services & Capacity Demands

Telecommuting Video Streaming (2-3 channels)

Web Browsing Streaming Music DSL Average European Average

Basic Email

0.00

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00 Mb/Sec

10.00

12.00

14.00

16.00

The Future…

Are We ready?

IT Can Be Mapped & Tested

http://www.broadbandcensusmaps.com/

Planning & Development Opportunity

Telecommunications Handbook for Transportation Professionals: The Basics of Telecommunications 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Telecommunication Basics Fundamentals of Telecommunications Telecommunications & the National ITS Architecture Developing the Telecommunication System Telecommunications for Field Devices Maintenance & Warranties System Examples Construction The Internet The Future Appendix Glossary

http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/telecomm_handbook/

Within the next five years, we'll make it possible for businesses to deploy the next generation of high-speed wireless coverage to 98 percent of all Americans. This isn't just about faster Internet or fewer dropped calls. It's about connecting every part of America to the digital age. It's about a rural community in Iowa or Alabama where farmers and small business owners will be able to sell their products all over the world. It's about a firefighter who can download the design of a burning building onto a handheld device; a student who can take classes with a digital textbook; or a patient who can have face-to-face video chats with her doctor. “All these investments — in innovation, education, and infrastructure — will make America a better place to do business and create jobs. But to help our companies compete, we also have to knock down barriers that stand in the way of their success.





Pres. Obama features high speed Internet in State of the Union

Dirtiest City becomes Green Gig City

Cost of Power Outages

Fiber Means More

Chattanooga – The Gig Tank

More Information

• • • •

www.Chattanooga.gov www.TheGigCity.com www.epb.net www.ChattanoogaChamber.com

Broadband Infrastructure and a Sustainable Future APA ‘s 2012 National Planning Conference

“Broadband Stories” Kate McMahon, AICP

BROADBAND AUDIT • Maps Step 1 • www.broadbandmap.gov • Define benefits Step 2 • FCC Broadband Plan – PAS Report

• Identify state & local planning efforts Step 3 • NTIA – Web sites for state planning programs • Include policies to promote broadband in Step 4 planning documents

Maps

Broadband Policies – Five C’s Connectivity Capacity Cost Choice Community

DIG ONCE Broadband Conduit Deployment Act of 2011 “.. require the inclusion of "broadband conduit" – plastic pipes which house fiber-optic communications cable – during the construction of federal highways. Rep. Anna G. Eshoo (D-CA),

COMPREHENSIVE PLANS Establish the policy basis for adopting mechanisms to promote deployment of broadband infrastructure.

 R.O.W. Policies  Development Agreements  Capital Improvement Plans

Economic Development Plans 

Grant Applications (BTOP, RUS, …. )

 Coordinate with other investments (Industrial parks ….)  Urban Renewal Plans – Tax Increment Finance

OTHER PLANS Downtown Plans Climate Action Plans Housing Plans Transportation Plans

Beware of Astroturfs

Quiz What task is your Planning Department going to undertake within the next year?

Broadband Infrastructure and a Sustainable Future APA ‘s 2012 National Planning Conference

“Case Study – Portland, OR” Brendan Finn

Connecting to our Future Portland, Oregon’s experience in applying Broadband to the field of Urban Planning American Planning Association Annual Conference 2012 Los Angeles Convention Center April 14, 2012

Brendan C. Finn Chief of Staff City of Portland, Oregon

The dream of the 1990’s is alive in Portland

Portland’s Broadband History Public network Est. 2002

Open access battle of the 90s

Wireless infrastructure experiment 2006

Feasibility and refined Business case studies 2005-2007

Google Fiber Project

Beyond Infrastructure

Brief aside on the Politics of Planning

And the strategy behind the strategic plan

Public Sector Goals vs. Private Sector Interests

Industry Forum: Portland City Hall

Jobs and Broadband

Portland’s Broadband Strategic Plan 5 Overall Goals

• • • • •

accomplished through

with recommended actions

13-Key Strategies

identified for the short, medium and long-term

Attract innovative broadband-intensive business and institutions that create knowledge jobs in Portland. Eliminate gaps in broadband capacity, equity, access and affordability Create tech-skilled residents, students, small businesses and workforce. Ensure that planning, sustainability and development activities promote use and adoption of broadband technologies in government, energy conservation, transportation, health, education and public safety. Create future-oriented broadband policy and institutionalize digital inclusion values

Incorporation into the Portland Plan, Portland’s Comprehensive Plan

www.portlandonline.com/portlandplan/ www.portlandonline.com/cable

COMING SOON! PAS Report - Broadband and Planning  Define the various dimensions of broadband planning in the context of urban and regional planning.

 Review how communications technologies are influencing both place making and the development of long-term visions of places.

 Suggests a framework that would foster local involvement from planners.

For More Information Ron Thomas, AICP [email protected]

Kate McMahon, AICP [email protected] - www.appcom.net

Brendan Finn [email protected]

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