BIBLIOGRAPHY on ATHLETICS - LEISURE - RECREATION - SPORT Andrews, D.L. 1991. Welsh indigenous and British imperial. Welsh rugby, culture, and society 18901914. Journal of Sport History. 18: 335-349. Armstrong, W. 1870. Wrestliana, or, The history of the Cumberland & Westmoreland Wrestling Society in London: since the year 1824. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Company. Blake, C.G. 1925. Lawn bowling handbook (the game that keeps men young) with complete official playing rules. Chicago: C.G. Blake & Company. Burrows, G.T. 1938. Modern bowls... London: Vinton & Company. Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire. 1911. The Encyclopaedia of sport & games. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company. Chapman, M. 1981. A history of wrestling in Iowa: from Gotch to Gable. Iowa City, Iowa: University of Iowa Press. Donaldson, E.A. 1986. The Scottish Highland Games in America. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company. Edelman, R. 1993. Serious fun: a history of spectator sports in the USSR. New York: Oxford University Press. Edgerly, B. 1942. From the hunter's bow; the history and romance of musical instruments. 2nd Edition. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. Edwards, C.B. 1962. In pursuit of archery; the symbolism, magic, and practice of archery throughout the ages, with instruction to modern archers on good shooting and the correction of faults; and information for archery club organizers..... London, N. Kaye. Edwards, H. 1973. Sociology of sport. Homewood, Illinois: Dorsey Press. Edwards, R.H. 1915. Christianity and amusements. New York: Association Press. Egan, P. 1818. Boxiana, or, Sketches of ancient and modern pugilism... [10 volumes]. London: Sherwood, Neely, and Jones. Egan, P. 1832. Pierce Egan's book of sports, and mirror of life: embracing the turf, the chase, the ring, and the stage; interspersed with original memoirs of sporting men, etc.... London: W. Tegg and Company. Egharevba, J.U. 1951. Benin games and sports. Sapele, Benin: Central Press. Eichberg, H. 1973. Der Weg des Sports in die industrielle Zivilisation. Baden-Baden: NomosVerlagsgesellschaft. Eisen, G., and D.K. Wiggins. 1994. Ethnicity and sport in North American history and culture. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. el-Bah, K.S. 1972. The history of physical education, sports and recreation in the Libyan Arab Republic. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Elias, N., and E. Dunning. 1986. Quest for excitement: sport and leisure in the civilizing process. Oxford: B. Blackwell. Elliott, J.G. 1973. Field sports in India, 1800-1947..... With two chapters on pigsticking... London: Gentry Books. Ellis, M.J. 1973. Why people play. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Elmore, E.W. 1922. A practical hand-book of games. New York: The Macmillan Company. Emerson, J.S. 1924. Hawaiian string games. Vassar College Folk-lore Foundation Publications, Number 5. Poughkeepsie, New York: Vassar College Folk-lore Foundation. Emra, B. 1991. Sports in literature. Lincolnwood, Illinois: National Textbook Company. Endrei, W., and L. Zolnay. 1986. Fun and games in old Europe. Budapest: Corvina. Everard, H.S.C. 1907. History of the Royal & ancient golf club, St. Andrews from 1754-1900. Edinburgh: Blackwood. Eyler, M.H. 1956. Origins of some modern sports. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Fabrizio, F. 1977. Storia dello sport in Italia: dalle societa ginnastiche all'associazionismo di massa. Rimino: Guaraldi. Falkener, E. 1961. Games ancient and oriental, and how to play them; being the games of the ancient Egyptians, the heira gramme of the Greeks, the ludus latrunculorum of the Romans, and the oriental games of chess, draughts, backgammon, and... New York: Dover Publications.
Faris, N.A., and R.P. Elmer. 1945. Arab archery. An Arabic manuscript of about A. D. 1500, "A book on the excellence of the bow & arrow" and the description thereof. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Ferrara, P. 1992. L'Italia in palestra: storia, documenti e immagini della ginnastica dal 1833 al 1973. Roma: La Meridiana. Ferretti, F. 1975. The great American book of sidewalk, stoop, dirt, curb, and alley games. New York: Workman Publishing Company. Finley, M. I., and H.W. Pleket. 1976. The Olympic games: the first thousand years. New York: Viking Press. Fisek, K. 1985. 100 soruda Turkiye spor tarihi. Cagaloglu, Istanbul: Gercek Yayinevi. Fittis, R.S. 1891. Sports and pastimes of Scotland: historically illustrated. London: A. Gardner. Fleischer, N. 1949. The heavyweight championship; an informal history of heavyweight boxing from 1719 to the present day. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. Fleischer, N., and S. Andre. 1959. A pictorial history of boxing. London: Spring Books. Fletcher, A.C. 1915. Indian games and dances with native songs, arranged from American Indian ceremonials and sports... Boston: C. C. Birchard & Company. Ford, J. 1972. Cricket, a social history, 1700-1835. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. Fu, C.-F. 1985. Chinese acrobatics through the ages. Translated by O. Caiwei and R. Stockwell. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press. Gallagher, E.C. 1925. Amateur wrestling. Guthrie, Oklahoma: Co-operative Publishing Company. Games and Gamesters of the Restoration. 1930. Games and gamesters of the restoration: The compleat gamester, by Charles Cotton, 1674, and Lives of the gamesters, by Theophilus Lucas, 1714; with an introduction by Cyril Hughes Hartmann. London: G. Routledge and Sons. Games of Skill. 1861. Games of skill; and conjuring. London: G. Routledge, Warne and Routledge. Gardiner, B. 1884. Indian club swinging: by an amateur. Providence, Rhode Island: E.L. Freeman & Company. Gardiner, E.N. 1910. Greek athletic sports and festivals. London: Macmillan and Company. Gasch, R. 1910. Geschichte der turnkunst. Leipzig: G.J. Goschen. Gaskell, A. 1963. "Those were the days." The games and jingles played and sung by the children of a Lancashire village, fifty and more years ago. Swinton, Manchester: Swinton and Pendlebury Public Libraries. Geisberg, M. 1905. Das alteste gestochene Deutsche Kartenspiel vom Meister der Spielkarten (vor 1446) hrsg. Strassburg: J. H. E. Heitz. Giamatti, A.B. 1989. Take time for paradise: Americans and their games. New York: Summit Books. Giese, D.F. 1969. Soldiers at play; a history of social life at Fort Union, New Mexico, 1851-1891. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Gilbert, J.M. 1979. Hunting and hunting reserves in medieval Scotland. Edinburgh: J. Donald. Gilbey, F.C. 1984. Filipiniana: a collection of Filipino rhymes, games, beliefs and superstitions, poems, proverbs, folk tales, folk songs and recipes. Salisbury: Teachers' Publishing Company. Gipe, G. 1978. The great American sports book: a casual but voluminous look at American spectator sports from the Civil War to the present time. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. Gleason, W.A. 1993. Playing for keeps: recreation and re-creation in American literature, 1840-1940. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Glubok, S. and A.Tamarin. 1976. Olympic Games in ancient Greece. New York: Harper & Row. Golby, J.M., and A.W. Purdue. 1984. The civilisation of the crowd: popular culture in England, 17501900. London: Batsford Academic and Educational. Goldstein, J.H. 1979. Sports, games, and play: social and psychological viewpoints. Hillsdale, New Jersey: L. Erlbaum Associates. Goldstein, W.J. 1989. Playing for keeps: a history of early baseball. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. Gomme, A.B. 1894. The traditional games of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with tunes, singingrhymes, and methods of playing according to the variants extant and recorded in different parts of the Kingdom; collected and annotated... [2 volumes];. London: D. Nutt. Goodale, T.L., and G.C. Godbey. 1988. The evolution of leisure: historical and philosophical perspectives. State College, Pennsylvania: Venture Publishing.
Gratch, B., B. Chan, and J. Lingenfelter. 1983. Sports and physical education: a guide to the reference resources. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. Gratton, C., and P. Taylor. 1985. Sport and recreation: an economic analysis. New York: E. and F.N. Spon. Graves, R. 1776. Euphrosyne, or, Amusements on the road of life. London: J. Dodsley. Green, E., S. Hebron, and D. Woodward. 1990. Women's leisure, what leisure? Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan. Greig, J.W. 1904. The game of bowling on the green, or lawn bowls. New York: American Sports Publishing Company. Grimsley, W. 1971. Tennis: its history, people and events. Styles of the greats. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Grober, K. 1928. Children's toys of bygone days; a history of playthings of all peoples from prehistoric times to the XIXth century. Translated by P. Hereford. London: B.T. Batsford. Grover, K. 1989. Fitness in American culture: images of health, sport, and the body, 1830-1940. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. Guarducci, P. 1986. Il 'balocco' nel Medioevo italiano: una testimonianza storica, archeologica e di cultura materiale. Firenze: Salimbeni. Gunsaulus, H.C. 1923. The Japanese New Year's festival, games and pastimes. Field Museum of Natural History Popular Series, Anthropology, Number 11. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History. Guttmann, A. 1988. A whole new ball game: an interpretation of American sports. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. Haley, B. 1978. The healthy body and Victorian culture. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Halfpenny, P.A., and S. Beddoe. 1990. Circus & sport: English earthenware figures, 1780-1840. Louisville, Kentucky: J.B. Speed Art Museum. Hall, T. 1600. Funebria florae, the downfall of May-games: wherein is set forth the rudeness, prophaneness, stealing, drinking, fighting, dancing, whoring, mis-rule, mis-spence of precious time, contempt of God, and... London: Henry Mortlock. Halladay, E. 1990. Rowing in England: a social history: the amateur debate. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Ham, J. 1738. Of the laws of chance, or, a method of calculation of the hazards of game, plainly demonstrated, and applied to games at present most in use; which may be easily extended to the most intricate cases of... 4th Edition. London: B. Motte and C. Bathurst. Hamilton, C.D.P. 1894. Modern scientific whist, the principles of the modern game analyzed and extended, illustrated by over sixty critical endings and annotated games from actual play. New York: Brentano's. Hansard, G.A. 1841. The book of archery, being the complete history and practice of the art, ancient and modern. London: H. G. Bohn. Hansen, P.S., and R. Hellman. 1978. Sport in Denmark: the development of Danish physical education and training. Copenhagen: Det Danske Selskab. Hansen, W. 1939. Spiel und Sport in der Völkischen Ueberlieserung. Jena: Eugen Diederichs. Hargreaves, J. 1982. Sport, culture, and ideology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Hargreaves, J.E. 1986. Sport, power, and culture: a social and historical analysis of popular sports in Britain. Cambridge: Polity Press. Hargrove, E. 1792. Anecdotes of archery; from the earliest ages to the year 1791. Including an account of the most famous archers of ancient and modern times; with some curious particulars in the life of Robert Fitz-Ooth... York: Hargrove. Harris, H.A. 1972. Sport in Greece and Rome. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. Harris, H.A. 1975. Sport in Britain: its origins and development. London: Paul. Harris, J.C., and R.J. Park. 1983. Play, games, and sports in cultural contexts. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers. Harrison, R.T. 1958. How to become a champion at bowls: accepted text book in greater demand than any treatise ever written on the game; a complete course of modern instruction. 11th Edition. Melbourne, Australia: Hensell. Hart-Davis, D. 1978. Monarchs of the glen: a history of deer-stalking in the Scottish highlands. London: J. Cape.
Hartelius, T.J. 1896b. Swedish movements; or, Medical gymnastics.... with introduction and notes by J. H. Kellogg... Battle Creek, Michigan: Modern Medicine Publishing Company. Hartt, R.L. 1909. The people at play: excursions in the humor and philosophy of popular amusements. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Haskins, C.H. 1958. The Latin Literature of Sport. Vol. 7 of Studies in Medieval Culture. New York: Frederick Ungar. Heath, E.G. 1973. A history of target archery. New York: A. S. Barnes and Company. Heine, M.K. 1984. The enculturative function of play behavior and games among the Tlingit Indians of southeast Alaska. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Heller, H.H. 1909. The playground as a phase of social reform. Russell Sage Foundation, Department of Child Hygiene, Pamphlet Number 10. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Hellmuth, N.M. 1975. Pre-Columbian ballgame: archaeology and architecture. F.L.A.A.R. Progress Reports, Volume 1, Number 1. Providence, Rhode Island: Foundation for Latin American Anthropological Research. Henderson, R.W. 1947. Ball, bat and bishop: the origin of ball games. New York: Rockport Press. Henricks, T.S. 1991. Disputed pleasures: sport and society in preindustrial England. New York: Greenwood Press. Herval, L.F.N. 1863. Etude sur les instruments de musique dans l'antiquite. Havre: Lepelletier. Hesling, B. 1982. Odd bods Gods: a hilarious account of the (men only) Olympic Games, 776 B.C.-392 B.C., and the Queen Victoria (women's lib. games), 1886 to (possibly) evermore. North Adelaide, Australia: B. Hesling. Hewitt, H.J. 1983. The horse in medieval England. London: J.A. Allen. Heywood, W. 1969. Palio and Ponte: An Account of the Sports of Central Italy from the Age of Dante to the 20th Century. New York: Hacker. Hills, A. 1991. Cabers and claymores. History Today. 41(December): 4-5. Hodgetts, J.F. 1885. The English in the middle ages; from the Norman usurpation to the days of the Stuarts. Their mode of life, dress, arms, occupations, and amusements. As illustrated by the Mediaeval remains in the British museum. London: Whiting. Hoffman, S.J. 1992. Sport and religion. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Books. Hofsinde, R. [Gray-Wolf]. 1957. Indian games and crafts. New York: Morrow. Hogg, J. 1837. London as it is: being a series of observations on the health, habits, and amusements of the people. London: J. Macrone. Hole, C. 1949. English sports and pastimes. London: B. T. Batsford. Hollister, H.E. 1902. Parlor games for the wise and otherwise; a collection of all kinds of games for amusement, entertainment, and instruction. Philadelphia: n.p. Holmes, B. 1984. The Olympian Games in Athens, 1896: the first modern Olympics. New York: Grove Press. Holt, R. 1990. Sport and the working class in modern Britain. New York: Manchester University Press. Hone, W. 1826. The every-day book: or, Everlasting calendar of popular amusements, sports, pastimes, ceremonies, manners, customs, and events, incident to each of the three hundred and sixty-five days, in past and present... [2 volumes]. London: Hunt and Clarke. Hone, W. 1827. The table book of daily recreation and information concerning remarkable men, manners, times, seasons, solemnities, merry-makings, antiquities and novelties; forming a complete history of the year; with one hundred... London: William Tegg. Hone, W. 1832. The year book of daily recreation and information; concerning remarkable men and manners, times and seasons, solemnities and merry-makings, antiquities and novelties, on the plan of the Every-day book and Table... London: William Tegg. Hone, W. 1835. The Every-day book and table book: or, Everlasting calandar of popular amusements, sports pastimes, ceremonies, manners, customs and events... London: T. Tegg. Honolulu, Hawaii Recreation Commission. 1936. A history of recreation in Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaii Recreation Commission. Horne, J., D. Jary, and A. Tomlinson. 1987. Sport, leisure, and social relations. Sociological Review Monograph, Number 33. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Hough, T. 1899. A review of Swedish gymnastics. Boston: G. H. Ellis. Howell, M.L., and R.A. Howell. 1981. History of sport in Canada. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing Company.
Howell, N., and M.L. Howell. 1969. Sports and games in Canadian life, 1700 to the present. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada. Howitt, W. 1840. The boy's country book, of amusements, pleasures, and pursuits. New York: S. Colman. Howlett, Robert. 1684. The school of recreation, or, The gentlemans tutor: to those most ingenious exercises of hunting, racing, hawking, riding, cock-fighting, fowling, fishing, shooting, bowling, tennis, ringing, billiards. London: H. Rodes. Howlett, Robert. 1696. The school of recreation: or A guide to the most ingenious exercises of hunting, riding, racing, fireworks, military discipline, the science of defence, hawking, tennis, bowling, ringing, singing,... London: H. Rhodes. Hoyle, E. 1770. Mr. Hoyle's games of whist, quadrille, piquet, chess and backgammon, complete. In which are contained, the method of playing and betting at those games, upon equal, or advantageous terms. Including the laws of... 15th Edition....To which are added, two new cases at whist; also the new laws of the game at whist, as played at White's and Saunder's chocolate-houses. London: T. Osborne for S. Crowder. Hubner, U. 1992. Spiele und Spielzeug im antiken Palastina. Orbis biblicus et orientalis, Number 121. Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. Huhle, H., and H. Brunck. 1987. 500 Jahre Fechtmeister in Deutschland: altester privilegierter Berufsstand. Frankfurt am Main: Historisches Museum Frankfurt am Main. Human Sciences Research Council. 1982. Bibliography of monographs and periodical titles on South African sport, physical education, and recreation up to December 1980. Pretoria, Republic of South Africa: Human Sciences Research Council. Hummel, S., and P.G. Brewster. 1963. Games of the Tibetans. FF Communications, Number 187. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia. Hunt, S.E., and E. Cain. 1941. Games the world around; four hundred folk games for an integrated program in the elementary school. New York: A. S. Barnes. Huygens, C. 1714. Christiani Hugenii Libellus de ratiociniis in ludo aleae, Or, The value of all chances in games of fortune; cards, dice, wagers, lotteries, &c. Mathematically demonstrated. London: S. Keimer. Indigenous Games. 1987. Indigenous games and martial arts of India. New Delhi: Sports Authority of India. Irwin Jr., W. 1988. The politics of international sport: games of power. New York: Foreign Policy Association. James, E. 1873. Practical training for running, walking, rowing, wrestling, boxing, jumping, and all kinds of athletic feats..... 24th Edition. New York: E. James. James, G.W. 1920. New Mexico, the land of the delight makers: the history of its ancient cliff dwellings and pueblos, conquest by the Spaniards, Franciscan missions; personal accounts of the ceremonies, games, social life... Boston: The Page Company. Jarvie, G. 1991. Highland games: the making of the myth. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Jarvie, G., and J. Maguire. 1994. Sport and leisure in social thought. London: Routledge. Jarvie, G., and G. Walker. 1994. Scottish sport in the making of the nation: ninety minute patriots? Leicester: Leicester University Press. Jernigan, S.S., and L. Vendien. 1972. Playtime: a world recreation handbook; games, dances, and songs. New York: McGraw-Hill. Johnson, G.E. 1909a. Games every boy and girl should know. Russell Sage Foundation, Department of Child Hygiene, Pamphlet Number 1. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Johnson, G.E. 1916. Education through recreation... Cleveland, Ohio: The Survey Committee of the Cleveland Foundation. Jones, B., and B.L. Hawes. 1987. Step it down: games, plays, songs, and stories from the Afro-American heritage. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. Jones, K.G. 1967. Games and physical activities of the ancient Polynesians and relationships to culture. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Jones, S.G. 1986. Workers at play: a social and economic history of leisure, 1918-1939. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Jones, S.G. 1988. Sport, politics, and the working class: organised labour and sport in inter-war Britain. New York: Manchester University Press.
Joseph, L.H. 1949. Gymnastics from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. Summit, New Jersey: Ciba Symposia. Kabzinska-Stawarz, I. 1991. Games of Mongolian shepherds. The Library of Polish Ethnography, Number 45. Warsaw: Institute of The History of Material Culture, Polish Academy of Sciences. Kanin, D.B. 1981. A political history of the Olympic Games. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. Kaplan, J. 1979. Women and sports. New York: Viking Press. Kaplan, M. 1960. Leisure in America: a social inquiry. New York: Wiley. Karsten, R. 1930. Ceremonial games of the South American Indians. Finska vetenskaps-societeten, Helsingfors Commentationes humanarum litterarum III 2. Helsingfors: Akademische buchhandlung. Kayser, N.N. 1992. Fra Robin Hood til fodbold: en kulturanalytisk studie i arbejderklassens kropskultur i England i 1800-tallet. [Odense University Studies in History and Social Sciences, Volume 154]. Odense: Odense Universitetsforlag. Kehoe, S.D. 1866. The Indian club exercise: with explanatory figures and positions: photographed from life: also, general remarks on physical culture: illustrated with portraitures of celebrated athletes, exhibiting... New York: Peck & Snyder. Keith, H. 1941. Sports and games. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company. Keresztenyi, J. 1966. Utmutato az okori testkultura tudomanyos kutatasahoz. Guide a la recherche scientifique sur la culture physique de l'antiquite. Budapest: Testnevelesi Tudomanyos Tanacs. Khanoussi, M. 1988. [Spectaculum, pugilum et gymnasium, a spectical of athletic games and boxing depicted on a mosaic from the region of Gafsa (Tunisia)]. Comptes Rendus des Seances de l'Academie des Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres. July-October: 543-560. Khuri, F.I. 1990. Tents and pyramids: games and ideology in Arab culture from backgammon to autocratic rule. London: Saqi Books. Kircher, R. 1928. Fair play; the games of merrie England. Translated by R.N. Bradley. London: W. Collins Sons & Company. Kloeren, M. 1935. Sport und Rekord; kultursoziologische Untersuchungen zum England des sechzehnten bis achtzehnten Jahrhunderts. Kolner Anglistische Arbeiten, Band 23. Leipzig: B. Tauchnitz. Knudson, R.R., and P.K. Ebert. 1971. Sports poems. New York: Dell. Knuttgen, H.G., M. Qiwei, and W. Zhongyuan. 1990. Sport in China. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Books. Koik, L. 1977. Sport in Estonia: a short history. Translated by E. Onu. Tallinn, Estonia: Perioodika. Koppett, L. 1981. Sports illusion, sports reality: a reporter's view of sports, journalism, and society. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Kroeber, A.L. 1993. Games of the California Indians. Berkeley, California: California Indian Library Collections. Kruger, A., and J. McClelland. 1984. Die Anfange des modernen Sports in der Renaissance. Beitrage und Quellen zu Sport und Gesellschaft, Band 2. London: Arena Publications. Kruger, G. 1986. "Sportlicher Wettkampf" auf Hawaii: eine Konfiguration und ihr Wandel als Gegenstand ethnohistorischer Forschung. Gottingen: Edition Herodot. Kubik, G. 1979. Angolan traits in Black music, games and dances of Brazil: a study of African cultural extensions overseas. Lisboa: Junta de Investigacoes Cientificas do Ultramar. Kunter, H.B. 1938. Eski Turk sporlari: uzerine arastirmalar. Istanbul: Cunhuriyet Matbaasi. Lagrange, F. 1890. Physiology of bodily exercise. International Scientific Series, Volume 66. New York: D. Appleton. Laser, S. 1987. Sport und Spiel. [Series Title: Archaeologia Homerica, Book 3, T.] Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. Last, J. 1982. Ethiopian festivals: sports, games, celebrations, occasions, pilgrimages. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Tourism Commission. Lavine, S.A. 1974. The games the Indians played. New York: Dodd, Mead. Leather, H. 1914. A book of national games, their value, organization and laws. London: Blackie and Son. Lee, M. 1983. A history of physical education and sports in the U.S.A. New York: Wiley. Lemaistre, J.G. 1803. A rough sketch of modern Paris; or, Letters on society, manners, public curiosities, and amusements, in that capital. Written during the last two months of 1801 and the first five of 1802.... 2nd Edition. London: J. Johnson. Leonard, H.F. 1897. A hand-book of wrestling... Edited by F.A. Fernald. New York: E. R. Pelton.
Lewis, D. 1868. The new gymnastics for men, women, and children. 10th Edition. Boston: Ticknor and Fields. Lewis, F.S. 1906. The new science: weaponless defense. Los Angeles: F.S. Lewis. Lincoln, J.E.C. 1912. The festival book; May-day pastime and the May-pole; dances, revels and musical games for the playground, school and college. New York: The A.S. Barnes Company. Linden, H. 1993. Das Ballspiel in Kult und Mythologie der mesoamerikanischen Volker. Hildesheim: Weidmann. Litt, W. 1823. Wrestliana; or, An historical account of ancient and modern wrestling. Whitehaven [England]: Gibson. Lloyd, L. 1831. Field sports of the north of Europe; comprised in a personal narrative of a residence in Sweden and Norway, in the years 1827-1828. 2nd Edition. London: H. Colburn and R. Bentley. Lopez, M.L. 1980. A study of Philippine games. Quezon City, Philippines: University of the Philippines Press. Lopez Cantos, A. 1992. Juegos, fiestas y diversiones en la America española. Coleccion Relaciones entre España y America, [Volume] 10. Madrid: Editorial MAPFRE. Lowerson, J. 1993. Sport and the English middle classes, 1870-1914. New York: Manchester University Press. Lowerson, J., and J. Myerscough. 1977. Time to spare in Victorian England. Hassocks: Harvester Press. Loy Jr., J.W., G.S. Kenyon, and B.D. McPherson. 1981. Sport, culture, and society: a reader on the sociology of sport. 2nd Edition. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. Lucas, E.V., and E. Lucas. 1903. Three hundred games & pastimes, or, What shall we do now? A book of suggestions for children's games and employments. 3rd edition. New York: MacMillan. Lucas, T. 1714. Memoirs of the lives, intrigues, and comical adventures of the most famous gamesters and celebrated sharpers in the reigns of Charles II, James II, William III and Queen Anne: wherein is contain'd the secret history... London: Jonas Brown and Ferdinando Burleigh. Lupcho, P.R. 1986. The professionalization of American physical education, 1885-1930. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Luschen, G.[R].[F]. 1970. The cross cultural analysis of sport and games. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing Company. Marshall, F. 1892. Football; the Rugby union game. London: Cassell and Company. Martens, J.W. 1993. They stooped to conquer. Rugby union football, 1895-1914. Journal of Sport History. 20: 25-41. McLennan, J.G., and J.E. McLennan. 1990. Injury patterns in Scottish heavy athletics. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 18: 529-532. Morton, G.W., and G.M. O'Brien. 1985. Wrestling to rasslin: ancient sport to American spectacle. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Popular Press. Parkyns, T. 1727. Progymnasmata. The inn-play: or, Cornish-hugg wrestler: Digested in a method which teacheth to break all holds, and throw most falls mathematically: Easy to be understood by all gentlemen... 3rd Edition. London: Printed Thomas Weekes. Robinson, J., and S. Gilpin. 1893. Wrestling and wrestler: biographical sketches of celebrated athletes of the northern ring; to which is added notes on bull and badger baiting. London: Bemrose. Sherman, M.L. 1979. Traditional wrestling styles: a survey and analysis. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Spalding, A.G. and Brothers. 1909. The rules of rugby football, as played in the United States, and adopted by California colleges and schools. 1909-10. San Francisco: A.G. Spalding and Brothers. Tischler, S. 1981. A social history of football in England to 1914. Unpublished thesis, Ph.D. dissertation. Walkden, L. 1975. The medical hazards of rugby football. Practitioner. 215: 201-207. Watson, A.W. 1977. A study of the physical working capacity of Gaelic footballers and hurlers. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 11: 133-137. Webster, D. 1959. Scottish Highland games. Glasgow: Collins. Wilson, J. 18??. Reminiscences in the life of Thomas Longmire (ex-champion of England)...: being a record of the principal wrestling contests during the past fifty years.... together with a Digest of the Grasmere &... Amblesid: J. Skelton. Women's International Bowling Congress. 1966. WIBC history: a story of 50 years of progress, 191617. Columbus, Ohio: Women's International Bowling Congress.