Baltic ro-ro & ferry market

№ 2/2015 (64), MARCH/APRIL € 35 (incl. 5% VAT) Journal Shipping on the verge of a fuel transition Report Baltic ro-ro & ferry market 2014-15 Focu...
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№ 2/2015 (64), MARCH/APRIL

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Journal

Shipping on the verge of a fuel transition

Report

Baltic ro-ro & ferry market 2014-15 Focus

The Baltic on the new TEN-T map

Baltic Transport Journal is an official media partner of:

ISSN 1733-6732

Baltic Transport bimonthly-daily companion

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3 Editorial 6 BTJ Calendar of events 8 Market SMS Extended 10 What’s new? 12 BTJ Maps News 14 On the roads: Art in motion 72 Collector’s corner 73 Transport miscellany 74 Who’s who

16 Everyone’s a winner – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania – 10-year owners of the NIB by Arild Moen, Nordic Investment Bank 18 The past 10 years: a rollercoaster ride – The Baltics’ uphill battle towards development by Morten Hansen, Head of the Economics Department at Stockholm School of Economics in Riga 20 Getting the estimates right – Tackling systematic cost overruns in infrastructure projects by Dr. Dejan Makovšek, Economist at the International Transport Forum

22 Taking advantage of the times – Interview with Dr. Zbigniew Miklewicz, CEO of the Szczecin & Świnoujście Seaports Authority by Przemysław Myszka and Przemysław Opłocki 24 What will the maritime fuel of the future be? – Shipping on the verge of a fuel transition by Prof. Dr. Michele Acciaro, Kühne Logistics University 27 All shades of water – Baltic ports dealing with sewage by Aleksandra Plis 30 Containerised break-bulk – Versatility in transports by Markku Yli-Kahri, Product Manager at Langh Group Cargo Solutions 32 LNG-ready – Complying with stricter sulphur emissions by Geoffroy Beutter, GTT 34 WASUB: Human-powered submarine – Interview with Inge van Staalduinen, Public Relations officer at WASUB by Ksenia Chruslova

Regular columns

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Economy

Newsletters Baltic Ports Organization 56 Where history meets technology – The Port of Lübeck Authority joins BPO 57 Following the EU lead – BPO’s March meeting during Transport Week in Gdańsk by Katarzyna Bochentin VILA 58 The deciding factor behind development – Spatial planning of the Vistula Lagoon subregion by Marcin Burchacz 59 Cooperation over war games – Interview with Arkadiusz Zgliński, Managing Director of Elbląg Sea Port Authority by Lena Lorenc 4 | Baltic Transport Journal | 2/2015

Maritime

Contents

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61

66

Baltic ro-ro & ferry affairs 2014-15 37 A year of adaptation by Przemysław Myszka 46 The screws tighten – Baltic ro-ro & ferry market 2014 by Marek Błuś and Monika Rozmarynowska 50 A crazy idea – Turning heat into electricity by Joachim Karthäuser, Climeon 52 Capacity: the name of the game – Interview with Henrik Widerståhl, Ports of Stockholm’s Deputy MD by Przemysław Myszka 54 Cross-border multi-modal connectivity – Smoother connections for South Baltic foot passengers by Vassilen Iotzov, Clarissa Hirst and Nicolas Chesnel

The Baltic on the new TEN-T map 61 Four routes around a single sea by Katarzyna Bochentin

66 No silver bullet – The future of European freight transport by Dr. Ernest Czermański, University of Gdańsk, Partner of the TRANSFORuM project 68 Cutting the time and borders – Spectacular constructions across the sea by Aleksandra Plis

Report

Focus

Logistics

In this issue

”Rail Baltica can easily be labelled the project of the century for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. An investment in infrastructure of a magnitude historically unprecedented for the Baltic trio.”

Arild Moen, Nordic Investment Bank

Read more in the article: Everyone’s a winner, pgs. 16-17

2/2015 | Baltic Transport Journal | 5

BTJ 2/2015 (Mar.-Apr. edition)

Report: Baltic ro-ro & ferry market | Focus: TEN-T policy

Issues distributed at:

Transport Logistic, 5-8 May 2015, DE/Munich, www.transportlogistic.de/en

The Transport Logistic trade fair has established itself as a 100% transport & logistics showcase, presenting in one place the entire value chain as well as major international market players. The previous 2013 edition of Transport Logistic attracted a record number of over 2,000 exhibitors from 63 countries and more than 52,000 trade visitors from 110 countries.

Breakbulk Europe 2015, 18-21 May 2015, BE/Antwerp, www.breakbulk.com/breakbulk-global-events/breakbulk-europe-2015

Breakbulk Europe is the largest exhibition & educational forum in the world addressing the needs of traditional breakbulk and project cargo logistics professionals. Visit the Breakbulk Europe Exhibition to network with 300+ exhibitors and sponsors, ranging from ocean carriers, freight forwarders and ports & terminals representatives, to logistics providers, export packers and equipment manufacturers.

Big Data & Performance Management in Shipping 2015, 21 May 2015, UK/London, www.recunnect.com/maritime-events/big-data-in-shipping-2015

At a time when eco-concerns and energy prices remain high, savings on fuel can make a significant improvement to margins, while increasing levels of automation and onshore vessel control are presenting opportunities to further reduce operational expenditure. Big data have the potential to underpin these cost savings and become the bedrock of future competitive advantages for shipping companies. Big Data & Performance Management in Shipping 2015 will investigate the industry’s experiences of utilising the data that the shipping industry has at hand, incl. on-board systems, satellite, AIS, weather information, and much more.

ESPO Conference 2015, 21-22 May 2015, GR/Piraeus, www.espo2015.gr

In May 2014, the European Commission released its energy security strategy, in which it developed a set of short- and long-term measures to ensure a stable and abundant supply of energy for European citizens and the economy. Knowing that around 40% of all commodities handled in European ports are sources of energy, and that European ports are important clusters of industry, it is clear that this change in policy will alter business in European ports. Are ports getting ready?

Grain Forum & Maritime Days in Odessa 2015, 8-30 May 2015, UA/Ukraine, www.maritimedays.odessa.ua

This year the organizers of the Grain Forum and Maritime Days in Odessa have combined their efforts like in 2013, giving the opportunity to enjoy both events in one place and at the same time. The conferences will focus on a rich variety of topics, incl. the world and Ukrainian grain markets, river logistics, vegetable oils transportation, dangerous containerised freight & damages to 3rd parties, shipping and arbitration – insights from the Black Sea, and much more.

Next Generation Rail Technology Europe 2015, 2-3 June 2015, BE/Brussels, www.arena-international.com/nextgenraileurope

The very first edition of the Next Generation Rail Technology will bring together European railway owners, operators and manufacturers to explore both existing technologies and new technological opportunities in order to determine the way forward for the European Rail industry. Visit the event’s webpage and quote the reference code MK-SRMP to secure your place.

IAPH 29th World Ports Conference, 1-5 June 2015, DE/Hamburg, www.iaph2015.org

The five-day event will be split into numerous topical conferences, tackling such issues as global economy development with special emphasis on the law-global trade relation, bigger vessels-bigger challenges, logistics and energy, cruise shipping, clean air in ports, and much more. Moreover, the World Ports Conference will also host the Women’s Forum.

Nor-Shipping 2015, 2-5 June 2015, NO/Oslo, www.messe.no/en/nor-shipping

Nor-Shipping's 50th anniversary exhibition will feature six halls, delivering altogether 22,500 m2 of space to showcase the best and latest in maritime technology, services and solutions across easy-to-navigate national pavilions and themed industry segments. Nor-Shipping’s conference will focus on the issue of next-gen. shipping as well as take a closer look at the importance of the offshore shipping industry.

TOC 2015, 9-11 June 2015, NL/Rotterdam, www.tocevents-europe.com/csc-conference

The TOC Container Supply Chain transport and trade forum will provide shippers and their transportation providers with access to the latest insights and analyses driving international trade, transport and logistics. The 40th edition of TOC will focus on ports as critical links within the container supply chain.

SIL2015, 9-11 June 2015, ES/Barcelona, www.silbcn.com/en

For the 17th time the international logistics and material handling exhibition will gather in one place top representatives of the transport & logistics, infrastructure, real estate, telematics, e-business, telecommunications, IT systems, warehousing, equipment and material handling industries to present and discuss the latest from their business fields. SIL2015 will also host the 13th Mediterranean Logistics and Transport Forum and the 4th Latin American Logistics and Transport Summit.

International Maritime Congress, 10-12 June 2015, PL/Szczecin, www.maritimecongress.com

The 3rd edition of the Congress, established as a platform to support international cooperation in the maritime sector, has been extended by one day to bring about more insights and networking opportunities. This year’s themes will be: smart maritime specializations, renewable energy, transport accessibility of rivers, economic regeneration of waterfronts, as well as new conditions for the functioning of the shipping and shipbuilding industries.

2nd World Ocean Power Summit, 24-25 June 2015, UK/Edinburgh, www.wplgroup.com/aci/conferences/eu-eop2.asp

The two day event will bring together key industry stakeholders to address the need to progress ocean energy from technological concept to commercial deployment. The Summit will tackle issues like policy & regulation of ocean energy, global ocean energy markets, funding future developments, improving infrastructure & connectivity to the grid, overcoming barriers to commercial deployment, ocean thermal energy conversion, as well as feature technology case studies on wave & tidal energy streams.

BTJ 3/2015 (May-June edition)

Report: Baltic port market | Focus: European shipyards | Special: The human factor

Issues distributed at:

BPO Annual Conference 2015, 3-4 September 2015, LV/Riga, www.bpoports.com

The Baltic Ports Organization invites all executives interested in improving the competitiveness of maritime transport in the Baltic region, increasing the efficiency of ports & terminals, developing infrastructure and value-added services, as well as extending ashore and hinterland connections to its annual conference, this year held in the capital of Latvia.

BALTEXPO 2015, 7-9 September 2015, PL/Gdańsk, www.baltexpo.ztw.pl/en

During the 18th international conference and exhibition BALTEXPO 2015 companies from the shipbuilding, offshore, port, transport & logistics, shipping, safety & security as well as environment protection industries will showcase their service and product portfolios. 6 | Baltic Transport Journal | 2/2015

BTJ Calendar of events Seatrade Europe Cruise & River Convention, 9-11 September 2015, DE/Hamburg, www.seatrade-europe.com

The cruise industry in Europe has taken its place in the mainstream of the leisure sector. During 2015 Seatrade’s two and a half days of highlevel conference, peers and experts will debate the latest opportunities and challenges, covering a broad spectrum of topics.

BTJ 4/2015 (July-Aug. edition) Report: Baltic container market | Focus: Container handling equipment | Special: Transport & environment Issues distributed at:

TRAKO, 22-25 September 2015, PL/ Gdańsk, www.trakotargi.amberexpo.pl

The 11th edition of the international railway trade fair TRAKO will be the industry’s largest meeting in Poland and one of the biggest in Central and Eastern Europe. At TRAKO 2015 the leading rail businesses will present their latest developments – from brand-new rolling stocks and equipment, via software and rail traffic management systems, to new transport & logistics solutions.

InnoRail, 14-16 October 2015, HU/Budapest, www.innorail.hu/en/innorail-2015-en

The 2nd edition of the international conference on railway infrastructure and innovation will focus on five thematic areas – infrastructure construction and management; telecommunication, signalling and traffic management; energy supply, catenaries and lighting technology; rolling stock development, production, operation and maintenance; as well as rail bridges and structures.

9th GreenPort Congress & GreenPort Cruise, 14-17 October 2015, ES/Barcelona, www.greenport.com

The 2015 edition of the GreenPort Congress will provide key port community decision makers with a meeting place to learn about and discuss the latest in sustainable development and environmental practice. The Congress will also highlight the newest innovations and best practices which will allow port users to further advance their eco-friendliness.

BTJ 5/2015 (Sep.-Oct. edition)

Report: Baltic bulk market | Focus: European rail & road freight | Special: Future alternatives for logistics

Issues distributed at:

Europort, 3-6 November 2015, NL/Rotterdam, www.europort.nl

The event will be providing 30,000 professional visitors and 1,100 exhibiting companies with a meeting place to see and to showcase the newest maritime & shipbuilding technologies, with a strong focus on special purpose ships, incl. offshore, dredging, construction, naval, inland, fishery as well as workboats and super yachts.

Trans Poland, 4-6 November 2015, PL/Warsaw, www.trans-poland.pl/main

The 3rd edition of the Trans Poland trade fair will be devoted to showcasing the latest achievements in transport and infrastructure technologies, helping companies from the sea, road, air, intermodal, freight forwarding and storing sectors to boost their performance. The international exhibition & conference will also present up-to-date transport & logistics equipment as well as ICT, monitoring and navigational solutions.

6th Gas Fuelled Ships Conference, 10-12 November 2015, DE/Hamburg, www.motorship.com/gfsconference

The conference will provide a platform for all LNG stakeholders wanting to explore the implications, challenges and benefits of LNG as a maritime fuel. 2015’s edition will also take a closer look at other ‘fuels of the future’, such as methanol and ethanol. In addition to the exchange of thoughts and networking opportunities, the conference will offer the possibility to see real life operations of current gas-fuelled vessels as well as to visit supply plants.

We offer system solutions for your whole logistics chain. That makes us more than a port. It makes us a partner who can be with you all the way. Whatever your challenges, we can meet them – All Inclusive!

Read more at oxhamn.se

Our commitment goes all the way. We can handle your whole logistic chain. #trust

2/2015 | Baltic Transport Journal | 7

Bellas Artes metro station, Santiago, Chile. Photo: M. Sanhuezacelsi

On the roads

Art in motion by Lena Lorenc

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ransport systems, apart from serving regional, national or continental transportation needs of citizens, shippers and freight forwarders, have to function well on a local level, preferably serving the urban reality’s wide range of areas and its various contexts. Efficient, coherent, easy to navigate and usable by all age and mobility levels, ideally zeroemission, such city systems ought to include a wider context of the human experience. Despite their importance, public spaces including bus and tram stops, train stations, vehicles themselves, as well as city parks and cycling paths, are often neglected or poorly integrated in planning and urban development. At times difficult experiences associated with the use of public transport, cycling or walking, hinder dwellers’ enthusiasm and satisfaction derived from such practice. However, now that citizens’ expectations are increasingly more available to urban planners, responsible authorities work harder to incorporate their needs more fully into the planning process. There’s also an issue of sharing a public (and often a personal) space with unfamiliar people. There’s actually a lot to be done to improve this experience as well. As we can observe globally, many countries and cities, with our region often championing, are moving away from investment in dirty energy, focusing increasingly more efforts on promoting green energy technologies and environmentallyand citizen-friendly transport systems. Denmark, receiving 40% of its electricity from wind power during some months, aims toward increasing renewable power on its electric grid to 50% by 2020 and to end the burning of fossil fuels in any form by 2050 – in transportation as well. Surely, a highly ambitious and admirable plan, implementation of which can be problematic. However, the will and actions are there, as in case of Germany’s energiewende strategy (the energy transition), being universally given as a proof that a transformation of the global energy system is possible. 14 | Baltic Transport Journal | 2/2015

Mobility not subjected to the whims of a global oil market is not an easy task to accomplish, taking into account a complexity of factors that add or forestall achieving sustainability – even such seemingly minor one as the human’s desire for comfort. Favoring a private automobile to the use of public commuting services is partially an effect of marketing campaigns for cars – predominant in amount among all marketing expenses for transport. Targeting people’s needs of comfort, prestige or obvious worries about one’s family’s safety, they exploit the fact that the majority of our decisions is emotional, often leading us to act against our better judgment. Some see in this a formidable barrier for awareness campaigns for sustainable transport. Nevertheless, together with ecological vulnerability, consciousness on the topic is steadily rising, as increases the need to include the social dimension and culture into economic assumptions, in approach to making the European and world cities friendlier to live in. Between connecting people into nations, enabling citizens’ participation in common projects, acting as a backdrop for initiating political actions (as in the case of the modern Greek society), and inspiring private collaborations aiming to improve the market in which their business operates, culture often acts as the necessary accelerator. There’s plenty of examples of commonly unleashed creative energy improving the transport experience as well – whether we take street art pieces decorating public transport stops, massive stained glass, frescos and paintings at metro stations, or public literary programs, such as Poetry in Motion launched in 1992 by the Poetry Society of America that places poetry in the transit systems. There are initiatives that engage vast commercial and public collaborations – businesses, customers, governments and administration (e.g. Crossrail’s Culture Line), as well as academic institutions; the number of joint cultural transport projects initiated globally is growing

“I was travelling home on the Central Line one evening feeling exhausted and grumpy after a bad day when I felt a hand grasp mine. A little girl sitting in a pushchair opposite me had decided she wanted to hold my hand. She hung on to it for six stops, causing everyone in the carriage to smile at her and me, including her mother. A lovely, spontaneous gesture I've never forgotten.” (From Acts of kindness) and will increase over time in the near future. One of my favourites recently was a project that celebrates the small interactions between strangers that make us feel connected with each other, entitled Acts of Kindness, instigated by Michael Landy. The artist wanted to explore what value kindness has, and what kind of exchange is involved in giving someone a helping hand. He asked London Tube riders to submit short stories of kindness that they have experienced on the city’s subway system. A wide selection of their texts, such as the one above, is available on the Transport of London’s page, selected pieces were placed in stations and trains. There’s a brilliance in this simple idea, as sharing such experiences gives a commuting group a voice, not only adding quality to this shared aspect of everyday life, but bringing a feeling of social connectedness – benefiting both individual people and their city. As regards highly concentrated city conurbations, developing various aspects of sustainability is key, also considering structural changes that will happen to urban areas in less than 30 years from now. With mega-cities where people live in close proximity over hundreds of kilometers, we will no longer speak of cities but of regions that host hundreds of millions of people. In the world interrelated with unpredictable swings of global economic cycles especially sensitive to black swan events – connected through transport networks, the Internet, and imagination – a proper management of public and private resources is key. It’s good if it comes with acknowledgement of our shared humanity and us being connected to each other as well. ‚

Report

Report

Photo: Stena Line

Baltic ro-ro & ferry affairs 2014-15

A year of adaptation by Przemysław Myszka

The 12 months of 2014 were like preparing for a race while running at the same time. Apart from DFDS Seaways’ and Finnlines’ unprecedented scrubber investments, the wait-and-see attitude stationed guard the Baltic ro-ro & ferry market as it headed towards the terror inspiring date of January 1st, 2015. However, the region was far from freezing since doing business requires motion – literally and figuratively.

T

he Baltic Sea region’s ro-ro & ferry affairs in 2014 (and the first quarter of this year) were by all means dominated by the shipping dimension of the market, with rail having its upright contribution as well, whilst ports hibernated with a few distinct exceptions. Naturally, the Sulphur Directive was lurking beneath the surface (as it has been doing for some time now), and here after years of more or less successful trials the scrubber technology finally broke the icy hearts of ship-owners who started to sign funnel contracts. Last, but certainly not least, the outbreak of the Ukraine-West vs. Russia conflict also had its share in yet another chapter of the Baltic transport & logistics tale.

The ro-ro & ferry digest Year 2014 started off with TT-Line entering the Trelleborg-Świnoujście route by deploying the 300-pax, 2,400 lm freight capacity ferry Nils Dacke. Eight months later, the company increased this service’s frequency from 12 to 20 sailings per week. TT-Line’s Robin Hood is also one of the Baltic scrubber-retrofitted ferries, however, just before 2014’s end the vessel swapped names with Nils Dacke, replacing at the same time the ex-Nils Dacke on the abovementioned route. In January, too, SCA Logistics added the Port of Oxelösund to its ro-ro network, encompassing the harbours in Tilbury, Rotterdam, Sundsvall, Husum, Helsingborg and Umeå.

In February, the BSR witnessed the comeback of the Berlin and Copenhagen ferries of Scandlines which bought the fattened up and unfinished hulls from the remains of P+S Werften. The hulls were then transferred to the German Blohm + Voss shipyard in Hamburg for a weight reduction together with machinery and electrical equipment installations, whereas the Danish Fayard Ship Repair Yard and other companies were contracted by Scandlines in July for final trimming in order to have the duo serve the GedserRostock route some time in 2015. Each of the new ferries will offer capacity for 1,300 pax and for 480 cars/96 trucks as well as feature a diesel-electric battery system 2/2015 | Baltic Transport Journal | 37

Focus

Focus The Baltic on the new TEN-T map

Photo: Rostock Port

Four routes around a single sea

by Katarzyna Bochentin

The Baltic Sea region’s transport development is closely related to the integration of ‘its’ TEN-T Corridors: the Baltic-Adriatic, North Sea-Baltic, Orient-East Mediterranean and Scandinavian-Mediterranean. It is in the involved Member States’ best interest to investigate the complexity behind the new pan-European network, in order to fully take advantage of the money put on the table by the EU.

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t’s a fact that the Baltic Sea region is included in four of the TEN-T core Corridors, however, the fact also remains that it’s just the beginning. For now, the new TEN-T network is a vision, in some places more or less tangible, in others obviously not. All priority projects are long-term undertakings, resulting in the laborious proceedings in order to have the corridors adjusted to TEN-T requirements as per specific transportation modes, not forgetting about the multimodality principle as well. At the end of 2014, the European Commission published studies of each new TEN-T Corridor, containing not only characteristic features and figures of the individual corridors (Tab. 1), but also listed technical requirements (Tab. 2) as well as provided detailed implementation process information, incl. projects which were either already completed by the time of the studies’ publication, under execution or in their planning phase. Scandinavian-Mediterranean The longest of the TEN-T Corridors, ScanMed, links the Nordic region (incl. the capital of Norway, the only TEN-T core node outside the EU, though the Rheine-Alpine Corridor goes through Switzerland) with the Mediterranean (as far as Malta). Along the way, it connects

Tab. 1. Characteristics of the ‘Baltic’ TEN-T Corridors

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North SeaBaltic 8

Orient-East Mediterranean 9

ScandinavianMediterranean 8

13

17

15

18

13 10 0

16 13 18

15 12 10

19 25 25

30

17

25

44

5 2,400 km RFC5: GdańskRavenna

5 3,200 km RFC8: RotterdamKaunas

4 5,900 km RFC7: Prague-Athens

5 9,300 km RFC3: StockholmPalermo

Baltic-Adriatic Number of countries Number of core urban nodes Number of core airports Number of core seaports Number of core inland ports Number of core road-rail terminals Number of crossed Corridors Corridor’s total length Rail freight Corridor

Tab. 2. Technical requirements for TEN-T Corridors to be compliant by 2030 Rail Electrification of all lines

Road Express road or motorway status for all routes Track gauge: Parking areas 1,435 mm every 100 km along the corridor Axle load: 22.5 tn Alternative clean fuels availability Line speed: 100 km/h Tolling system Train length: 740 m ERTMS (European Rail Traffic Management System)

ITS (Intelligent Transport System)

Seaport Developed connection to roads, railways and inland waterways Infrastructure for shipgenerated waste

Inland port Length of vessels and barges: >80-85 m Beam: >9.5 m

Airport Open to all operators High-speed railway network linking airports Alternative clean fuels availability

Alternative clean fuels Draught: >2.5 m availability Tonnage: >1,000-1,500 tn Height under bridges: 5.25-7.0 m VTMIS (Vessel RIS (River SESAR (Single Traffic Monitoring & Information European Sky Information System) System) ATM Research)

2/2015 | Baltic Transport Journal | 61

Editorial

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oday’s systems of carrying goods, whether regarding maritime, over- or in-land transport, are running into problems as regards to keeping up with the increasing demand of freight flows. The situation is no different concerning transportation of passengers. With the tabled vision of the Trans-European Transport Network and many long-term infrastructural undertakings in the pipeline, we may see European corridors (four of which concern the BSR) upgraded to technical requirements, with the multimodality principle high on the agenda, not far from today. More on this topic in this issue’s Focus: “Four routes around a single sea” (pgs. 61-64). When speaking of investment, one can’t overlook the issue of cost-overruns and benefit underestimation in major capital infrastructure projects as well as their implications for appropriate planning and decision-making processes (see: “Getting the estimates right” by Dr. Dejan Makovšek on pgs. 20-21). Another valid aspect of said matter concerns not how much and how fast we are able to build, but how we can use the existing potential in a more efficient way –with less energy, causing a smaller environmental impact and using smarter, highperformance technologies. This is a task the maritime businesses have put in front of themselves as well. In this issue we write a lot about the ro-ro & ferry industry’s results last year as well as its undertakings and uncertainties regarding harsher conditions it’s facing (the Report section, pgs. 37-55). These topics prevail throughout this edition. As Prof. Dr. Michele Acciaro argues in his article “What will the maritime fuel of the future be?”, the coming decade could be particularly challenging for the maritime industry. As he tries to answer the title’s question, he shares with us his expertise on biofuels, methanol, hydrogen, and Liquefied Natural Gas. Geoffroy Beutter, on the other hand, further explores the latter solution (“LNG-ready”, pgs. 28-30) – which until the present fall in oil prices was assumed to be the fuel of choice for many ships, serving a transition period until some new GHG emission free alternatives emerge. However, if the current low price of bunkers persists, this could make LNG fuel less attractive. There are more factors that can add up to sudden fundamental changes to the transport business, and the industry has chosen to approach its future with caution. One of good aspects of this attitude is that close cooperation among various and varying stakeholders has grown in popularity. Take a look inside, there’s plenty on this and other particularly attention-grabbing stories. We hope you will enjoy your reading. Lena Lorenc Company index ABB 10, 44, 74; Älvsborg RORO 42; Anship 40, 46; Årsta Kombiterminal 44; Baltic Rail Gate GmbH 56; Black Sea Ferry 40, 46; Blohm + Voss 37; Borkum Riffgrund 13, 41; Bridgemans Services 13, 41; C.Ro Ports 42; Cargotec 74; Carrier 44; CFL Multimodal 12, 44; CldN 42, 46; Climeon 5, 42, 50; Cologne-Eifeltor Inland Terminal 44; Copenhagen Malmö Port (CMP) 74, 19; COWI 20; Cruise Baltic 20; Cruise Lines International Association 31; DB Schenker 44; Deepwater Container Terminal Gdańsk (DCT) 10, 59; Destination Gotland 40, 46, 48; Deutsche Afrika-Linien (DAL) 74; DFDS Seaways 37, 40, 42, 46, 47, 48; DNV GL Maritime Advisory 57; Dong Energy 13, 57; DUSS Terminal 44; Ecofys Consultancy 25; Elbląg Sea Port Authority 4; 59; ERS Railways 44; Euro Marine Logistics (EML) 12, 39; European Cargo Logistics (ECL) 12, 44; Euroterminal Sławków 44; Eurotunnel Group 69, 70; Fayard Ship Repair Yard 37; Femern A/S 70; Finca 74; Finnlines 8, 13, 37, 41, 42, 45, 46, 47, 48, 74; Finnsteve 74; Fjord Line 39, 46; Frederikshavn 38, 46, 48; Freightliner PL 10; Gedser Ferry Port 37, 48, 54, 55; Gothenburg Port Authority 12; Gothenburg RORO Terminal 42; Green Cargo 38, 42; Green Shipping 26; Grimaldi Group 42; GSI Shipyard 40; GTT 4, 28, 29, 30; Guangzhou Shipyard International 10; Harwich International Port 40, 47; Havnesuper 38; Hector Rail 12, 44; Holman Fenwick Willan (HFW) 74; Hupac Intermodal 39, 40, 44; Husum 37; Hutchison Port Holdings 52; Ingersoll Rand 74; Kaliningrad Sea Commercial Port 59; Kalmar 74; Kansallis-Osake-Pankki (KOP) 74; The Port of Karlshamn 9; KBP Logent Terminal 38; Kombiverkehr 38, 44; Konecranes 10; KTL Kombi-Terminal Ludwigshafen 44; Langh Group Cargo Solutions 4, 27; Lietuvos geležinkeliai 17; Logent Ports & Terminals 38, 42; Lübeck Ports 56; Lübeck Skandinavienkai 44, 56; Lübecker Hafen-Gesellschaft 56; MacGregor 10, 42; Maersk Line 12; Mann Lines 38, 46; Marcianise Terminal 44; Meyer Turku Shipyard 10, 42, 44; MHansen Consulting 18; Midland Montagu Pankki 74; MSR Gryfia 74; NABU 28; Navirail 13, 42, 46; Newag 10; Norvik Port 53; Øresundsbro Konsortiet 70; Ostróda-Elbląg Shipping Company 59; Kiel Ostuferhafen 44; P+S Werften 37; PCC Intermodal 13; Piraeus Port Authority 64; Polferries 42, 46, 48; Polsteam 42, 74; Polsteam Luxemburg 74; Polsteam Poland 74; Port of Agadir 12; Port of Antwerp 21, 49; Port of Bilbao 11; Port of Bremerhaven 12; Port of Casablanca 12; Port of Elbląg 59; Port of Esbjerg 44; Port of Gävle 12; Port of Gdańsk 10, 12, 22, 64; Port of Gdynia 12, 22, 46, 64; Port of Gothenburg 10, 11, 12, 24, 38, 42, 46; Port of Hamburg 64; Port of Hamburg Marketing 17; Port of Hanko 12, 39, 46; Port of Helsingborg 11, 37, 46, 48; Port of Helsingør 46, 48; Port of Helsinki 8, 11, 31, 32, 46, 48; Port of Hirtshals 44; Port of Immingham 47; Port of Kapellskär 46, 52, 53; Port of Karlshamn 9; Port of Karlskrona 38; Port of Kemi 42; Port of Kiel 10, 39, 44; Port of Klaipėda 16, 46; Port of Koper 64; Port of Kuivastu 40; Port of Langesund 39; Port of Liepāja 38; Port of Loudden 52; Port of Lübeck 4, 44, 56; Port of Naantali 53; Port of Newcastle 12, 39; Port of Nynäshamn 38, 40, 42, 48, 52, 53; Port of Oslo 44, 48; Port of Oulu 42; Port of Oxelösund 37; Port of Paldiski 13, 42, 53; Port of Rauma 9, 12; Port of Ravenna 64; Port of Riga 16, 48; Port of Rohuküla 40; Port of Rostock 31, 37, 42, 46, 54, 55, 74; Port of Rotterdam 64; Port of Sandefjord 40; Port of Sassnitz 40; Port of St. Petersburg 12, 31, 33, 39, 40, 52; Port of Stavanger 39; Port of Stockholm 5, 31, 33, 41, 45, 46, 48, 52; Port of Strömstad 40; Port of Sundsvall 37; Port of Swarzędz 44; Port of Świnoujście 4, 9, 22, 23, 37, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 64; Port of Tallinn 11, 16, 31, 32, 40, 42, 46, 46, 48; Port of Tilbury 37, 42; Port of Travemünde 12, 38, 40, 44, 46, 47; Port of Trelleborg 8, 23, 37, 46, 48; Port of Trieste 44, 64; Port of Turku 41, 48, 53; Port of Tyne, 39; Port of Umeå 8, 37, 38; Port of Ust-Luga 8, 40; Port of Vaasa 8, 38; Port of Venice 64; Port of Ventspils 8, 38; Port of Verona 38, 44; Port of Vyborg 9; Port of Vysotsk 9; Port of Wallhamn 12, 39; Port of Ystad 42, 46, 48; Port of Zeebrugge 12, 39, 42; Ports of Bremen 64; Prokon 74; RB Rail 10; Rederi AB Gotland 40; Regina Line 40; Remontowa Shiprepair Yard 38, 40, 57; Ruhrort 44; Russian Railways 40; Rødby Ferry Port 46, 47, 48, 70; Samskip Van Dieren Multimodal 12, 44; SCA Logistics 37, 46, 47; Scandlines 37, 38, 46, 48, 55, 74; Scandlines Helsingborg-Helsingør 38; Schwedenkai 44; Seacat 38; Seago Line 12; Sefine Shipyard 40; Siemens 73; SOL Continent Line 42, 46; St. Peter Line 46, 52; Stante Logistics 44; Stena Bulk 10; Stena Line 26, 37, 38, 46, 47, 48; Stena Teknik 10; Stena Weco 10; Stora Enso 42; SVEDAB AB 70; SweOffshore 13, 41; Sydhavn Combi Terminal 44; Tallink Grupp 11, 41; Tallink/Silja 41, 46; Terminal PCC Kutno 13; Thomas Miller 74; Transfennica 46, 47; TS Laevad OÜ 40; TT Club 74; TT-line 37, 42, 46, 74; Turku Repair Yard 13; TX Logistik 12, 44, 64; Unifeeder 13; United Arab Shipping Company 28; Unity Line 42, 46, 48, 74; Värta Pier 45; Värtahamnen 45, 52 Ventouris Ferries 42; Verkö Terminal 38; Viking Line 46, 47, 50; Virtsu Harbour 40; Vuosaari Harbour 41; Wärstilä 38; Wasaline 8, 38, 46;

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Baltic Press sp. z o.o. Address: ul. Pułaskiego 8 81-368 Gdynia, Poland [email protected] tel. +48 58 627 23 94/95 tel. +48 58 627 23 20/21

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arild moen, morten hansen, dejan makovšek, michele acciaro, markku yli-kahri, geoffroy beutter, ksenia chruslova, monika rozmarynowska, joachim karthäuser, vassilen iotzov, clarissa hirst, nicolas chesnel, marcin burchacz, ernest czermański

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Media & Commercial Partnerships aleksandra plis [email protected]

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Photo: Lena Lorenc

Baltic Transport bimonthly-daily companion

№ 2/2015 (64), MARCH/APRIL

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Shipping on the verge of a fuel transition

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