Appendix A: Daily Schedule: Details

Appendix A: Daily Schedule: Details WEEK ONE (Visiting scholars John Lowe and Gary Holcomb) Topic: Introduction to the Work of Ernest J. Gaines, Influ...
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Appendix A: Daily Schedule: Details WEEK ONE (Visiting scholars John Lowe and Gary Holcomb) Topic: Introduction to the Work of Ernest J. Gaines, Influences, and Regional Antecedents Sunday May 29 Arrival in Lafayette, LA Monday May 30 Morning 8:30-12:00: Welcome and introductions. Seminar with John Lowe and Gary Holcomb on Gaines’ life and work and on modernism’s influence on his writing. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. Catherine Carmier. New York: Vintage Books, 1993. Print.  Aubert, Alvin. “Ernest J. Gaines’s Truly Tragic Mulatto.” Callaloo 1.3 (1978): 68-75. Print.  Davis, Thadious M. “Parishes and Prisons: Ernest Gaines’s Louisiana and Its North Carolina Kin Space.” Southscapes: Geographies of Race, Region, & Literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. 257-310. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will get acquainted with the Ernest J. Gaines Center and the Louisiana Room where most of their research will take place. Along with this introduction, they will also watch two short documentaries on Gaines: An Obsession of Mine (2009) and a 1972 film done in California. Tuesday May 31 Morning 9:00-12:00: John Lowe and Gary Holcomb will lecture and lead a group discussion on Gaines’ A Lesson before Dying, the trial of Willie Francis and its relationship to the novel, and on modernist aesthetics in the novel. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. A Lesson Before Dying. New York: Vintage Books, 1994. Print.  Lowe, John. “Transcendence in the House of the Dead: The Subversive Gaze of A Lesson Before Dying.” The World is Our Home: society and Culture in Contemporary Southern Writing. Eds. Jeffrey J. Folks and Nancy Summers Folks. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2000. 142-162. Print.  Stupp, Jason. “Living Death: Ernest Gaines’s A Lesson before Dying and the Execution of Willie Francis.” Demands of the Dead: Executions, Storytelling, and Activism in the United States. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2012. 45-58. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: There will be a screening and group discussion of the film adaptation of A Lesson before Dying.

Wednesday June 1 Morning 9:00-12:00: John Lowe will lead a lecture and discussion of Turgenev’s and other Russian authors’ influences on Gaines and his writing. Readings:  Turgenev, Ivan. Fathers and Sons. Trans. Ralph E. Matlaw. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1966. Print.  Valentino, Russell S. “A Wolf in Arkadia: Generic Fields, Generic Counterstatement and the Resources of the Pastoral in Fathers and Sons.” Russian Review: An American Quarterly Devoted to Russia Past and Present. 55.3 (1996): 475-493. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Gary Holcomb will continue the discussion on modernist influences on Gaines that began on Tuesday. Readings:  Hemingway, Ernest. In Our Time. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996. Print.  Holcomb, Gary Edward and Charles Scruggs. “Introduction: Hemingway and the Black Renaissance.” Hemingway and the Black Renaissance. Eds. Gary Edward Holcomb and Charles Scruggs. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2012. 1-26. Print.  Tesutch, Matthew. “Teaching the Pastoral and Race in Jean Toomer, Ernest Hemingway, and Ernest Gaines.” Teaching Hemingway and Race. Eds. Gary Holcomb and Charles Scruggs. Kent: Kent State University Press. (Forthcoming 2016) Thursday June 2 Morning 9:00-12:00: John Lowe and Gary Holcomb will lead a lecture and group discussion on Lyle Saxon and his work. Readings:  Saxon, Lyle. “Cane River.” The Short Story in Louisiana, 1880-1990. Ed. Mary Dell Fletcher. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, 1993. 225-239. Print.  ---. Children of Strangers. Gretna: Pelican Publishing, 1998. Print.  Thomas, James W. “Lyle Saxon’s Struggle with Children of Strangers.” Louisiana Literature and Literary Figures. Ed. Mathé Allain. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, 2004. 264-274. Print.  Thompson, Edgar T. Rev. of Children of Strangers. Rural Sociology 2.4 (1937): 498499. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will use the Ernest J. Gaines Center, the Louisiana Room, or other resources to work on their research projects for the institute. They will have the opportunity to discuss their projects with the visiting scholars. Friday June 3 All Day: Participants will take a field trip to the Cane River Creole National Historical Park and the Cane River National Heritage Area. The park and area contain Oakland Plantation, Magnolia

Plantation, and Melrose Plantation (the plantation where Saxon lived and wrote Children of Strangers). WEEK TWO (Visiting scholars Richard Yarborough and Keith Byerman) Topic: The Jim Crow South and Residual Effects of Slavery in the Twentieth Century Monday June 6 Morning 9:00-12:00: Richard Yarborough and Keith Byerman will lecture and lead group discussions on the Jim Crow South and residual effects of slavery. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. Of Love and Dust. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1979. Print.  Wideman, John “Of Love and Dust: A Reconsideration.” Callaloo 1.3 (1978): 76-84. Print.  Bibler, Michael. “Nation and Plantation between Gone with the Wind and Black Power: The Example of Ernest J. Gaines’s Of Love and Dust.” Cotton’s Queer Relations: SameSex Intimacy and the Literature of the Southern Plantation, 1936-1968. Charlottesville: UV Press, 2009. 25-60. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will use the Ernest J. Gaines Center, the Louisiana Room, or other resources to work on their research projects for the institute. They will have the opportunity to discuss their projects with the visiting scholars. Tuesday June 7 Morning 9:00-12:00: Richard Yarborough and Keith Byerman will lecture and lead group discussions on the themes and structure of Gaines’ Bloodline. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. Bloodline. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1976. Print.  Luscher, Robert M. “The Pulse of Bloodline.” Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Ed. David C. Estes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. 62-88. Print.  Duncan, Todd. “Scene and Life Cycle in Ernest Gaines’ Bloodline.” Callaloo 1.3 (1978): 85-101. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: There will be a screening and group discussion of the film adaptation of “The Sky is Gray.” Wednesday June 8 Morning 9:00-12:00 and Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Richard Yarborough and Keith Byerman will lecture and lead group discussions on themes and structure in short stories by Arna Bontemps, Charles Chesnutt, and Richard Wright. They will also discuss how these writers relate to Gaines and his work. Readings:

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Bontemps, Arna. “Why I returned (A Personal Essay).” The Old South: “A Summer Tragedy” and Other Stories of the Thirties. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973. 1-25. Print. ---. “The Cure.” The Old South: “A Summer Tragedy” and Other Stories of the Thirties. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973. 27-40. Print. ---. “Talk to the Music.” The Old South: “A Summer Tragedy” and Other Stories of the Thirties. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973. 41-56. Print. ---. “The Devil is a Conjurer.” The Old South: “A Summer Tragedy” and Other Stories of the Thirties. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973. 111-120. Print. ---. “A Summer Tragedy.” The Old South: “A Summer Tragedy” and Other Stories of the Thirties. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973. 135-148. Print. ---. “Saturday Night.” The Old South: “A Summer Tragedy” and Other Stories of the Thirties. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973. 157-169. Print. Chesnutt, Charles W. “The Wife of His Youth.” The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line. Ridgewood: The Gregg Press, 1967. 1-24. Print. ---. “The Sheriff’s Children.” The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line. Ridgewood: The Gregg Press, 1967. 60-93. Print. Wright, Richard. “The Ethics of Living Jim Crow.” Uncle Tom’s Children. New York: Perennial, 1991. 1-15. Print. ---. “Big Boy Leaves Home.” Uncle Tom’s Children. New York: Perennial, 1991. 16-61. Print. ---. “Fire and Cloud.” Uncle Tom’s Children. New York: Perennial, 1991. 157-220. Print. ---. “Bright and Morning Star.”Uncle Tom’s Children. New York: Perennial, 1991. 221264. Print. Canaday, Nicholas. “Arna Bontemps: The Louisiana Heritage.” Louisiana Literature and Literary Figures. Ed. Mathé Allain. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, 2004. 401406. Print. Jones, Kirkland C. “Bontemps and the Old South.” African American Review 27.2 (1993): 179-185. Print. Delmar, P. Jay. “The Mask as Theme and Structure: Charles W. Chesnutt’s ‘The Sheriff’s Children’ and ‘The Passing of Grandison.’” American Literature 51.3 (1979): 364-375. Print. Ryden, Wendy. “The ‘Problem’ of Liza Jane in Charles Chesnutt’s ‘The Wife of His Youth.’” Explicator 71.3 (2013): 180-183. Print. Ward, Jerry W. “Uncle Tom’s Children Revisited.” Valley Voices: A Literary Review 12.2 (2012): 9-11. Print. Yarborough, Richard. “Introduction to the Perennial Edition by Richard Yarborough.” Uncle Tom’s Children. New York: Perennial, 1991. ix-xxxix. Print.

Thursday June 9 Morning 9:00-12:00: Richard Yarborough and Keith Byerman will lecture and lead group discussions on Gaines and other African American authors writing back to William Faulkner. Readings:

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Faulkner, William. Absalom, Absalom! New York: Vintage Books, 1972. Print. Smith, David Lionel. “Bloodlines and Patriarchs: Of Love and Dust and Its Revisions of Faulkner.” Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Ed. David C. Estes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. 46-61. Print. Bauer, Margaret. “Miss Jane is Still Not in the History Books.” William Faulkner’s Legacy “what shadow, what stain, what mark.” Gainesville: University of Press, 2005. 43-93. Print.

Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will use the Ernest J. Gaines Center, the Louisiana Room, or other resources to work on their research projects for the institute. They will have the opportunity to discuss their projects with the visiting scholars. Friday June 10 All Day: Participants will take a field trip to New Orleans to learn about the literary history of the city. Mary Ann Wilson, along with Matthew Teutsch and the visiting scholars, will lead the trip, pointing out places where Faulkner, Saxon, and others lived and worked. WEEK THREE (Visiting scholars Thadious Davis and Herman Beavers) Topic: Civil Rights, Religion, and Gender Monday June 13 Morning 9:00-12:00: Thadious Davis and Herman Beavers will lecture and lead group discussions on the structure, themes, and importance of Gaines’s The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. New York: Bantam Books, 1972. Print.  Patterson, Robert J. “Rethinking Definitions and Expectations: Civil Rights and Civil Rights Leadership in Ernest Gaines’s The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.” South Atlantic Quarterly 112.2 (2013): 339-363. Print.  Gaudet, Marcia. “Miss Jane and Personal Experience Narrative: Ernest Gaines’ ‘The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.’” Western Folklore 51.1 (1992): 23-32. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: There will be a screening and group discussion of the film adaptation of The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. Tuesday June 14 Morning 9:00-12:00: Thadious Davis and Herman Beavers will lecture and lead group discussions on the Civil Rights Movement and religion in Gaines’ work, specifically in In My Father’s House. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. In My Father’s House. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983. Print.





Beavers, Herman. “Tilling the Soil to Find Ourselves: Conversion, Labor, and [Re]membering in Gaines’s Of Love and Dust and in My Father’s House.” Wrestling Angels Into Song: The Fictions of Ernest J. Gaines and James Alan McPherson. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. 67-103. Print. White, Daniel. “‘Haunted by the Idea’: Fathers and Sons in In My Father’s House and A Gathering of Old Men.” Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Ed. David C. Estes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. 158-179. Print.

Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will use the Ernest J. Gaines Center, the Louisiana Room, or other resources to work on their research projects for the institute. They will have the opportunity to discuss their projects with the visiting scholars. Wednesday June 15 Morning 9:00-12:00: Thadious Davis and Herman Beavers will lecture and lead group discussions on the literary legacy of Jean Toomer’s Cane and its influence on Gaines and his writing. Readings:  Toomer, Jean. Cane. New York: Harper & Row, 1969. Print.  Shaffer, Donald M. “‘When the Sun Goes Down’: The Ghetto Pastoral Mode in Jean Toomer’s Cane.” Southern Literary Journal 45.1 (2012): 111-128. Print.  Wright-Cleveland, Margaret E. “Cane and In Our Time: A Literary Conversation about Race.” Hemingway and the Black Renaissance. Eds. Gary Holcomb and Charles Scruggs. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2012. 155-176. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will use the Ernest J. Gaines Center, the Louisiana Room, or other resources to work on their research projects for the institute. They will have the opportunity to discuss their projects with the visiting scholars. Thursday June 16 Morning 9:00-12:00: Thadious Davis and Herman Beavers will lecture and lead group discussions on religion and the lingering South in Baldwin’s Go Tell It On the Mountain. Readings:  Baldwin, James. Go Tell It On the Mountain. New York: Vintage, 2013. Print.  Griffith, Paul. “James Baldwin’s Confrontation with Racist Terror in the American South: Sexual Mythology and Psychoneurosis in ‘Going to Meet the Man.’” Journal of Black Studies 32. 5 (2002): 506-527. Print.  Mitchell, Koritha. “James Baldwin, Performance Theorist, Sings the Blues for Mister Charlie.” American Quarterly 64.1 (2012): 33-60. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will use the Ernest J. Gaines Center, the Louisiana Room, or other resources to work on their research projects for the institute. They will have the opportunity to discuss their projects with the visiting scholars.

Friday June 17 Morning 9:00-12:00: Thadious Davis and Herman Beavers will lecture and lead group discussions on James Wilcox’s presentation of Louisiana and literature in comparison or in contrast with Gaines’s presentations. Reading:  Wilcox, James. Modern Baptists. New York: Harper & Row, 1990. Print.  Pastoor, Charles. “Moments of Grace in James Wilcox’s Modern Baptists.” Renascence 58.3 (2006): 211-220. Print.  Lowe, John. “An Interview with James Wilcox: January 1997.” Mississippi Quarterly 52.4 (1999): 617-653. Print. Afternoon12:00-4:30: Participants will take a field trip to Vermilionville Living History & Folk Life Park in Lafayette, LA. There, participants will learn about the history of the Acadians in South Louisiana. The trip will serve as an introduction to some of the characters that the participants will encounter in the final week of the institute. WEEK FOUR (Visiting scholars Marcia Gaudet and Maria Hebert-Leiter) Topic: Integration, Representation, History, and Writing Monday June 20 Morning 9:00-12:00: Marcia Gaudet and Maria Hebert-Leiter will lecture and lead group discussions on integration and representation in Gaines’ A Gathering of Old Men. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. A Gathering of Old Men. New York: Vintage Books, 1984. Print.  Tucker, Terrence. “(Re)Claiming Legacy in the Post-Civil Rights South in Richard Wright’s ‘Down by the Riverside’ and Ernest Gaines’s A Gathering of Old Men.” Southern Literary Journal 43.2 (2011): 105-124. Print.  Wardi, Anissa J. “Inscriptions in the Dust: A Gathering of Old Men and Beloved as Ancestral Requiems.” African American Review 36.1 (2002): 35-53. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: There will be a screening and group discussion of the film adaptation of A Gathering of Old Men. Tuesday June 21 Morning 9:00-12:00: Marcia Gaudet and Maria Hebert-Leiter will lecture and lead group discussions on the representation of Cajuns in Gautreaux’s Welding With Children. Readings:  Gautreaux, Tim. Welding with Children. New York: Picador, 1999. Print.  Hebert-Leiter, Maria. “An Interview with Tim Gautreaux.” Carolina Quarterly 57.2 (2005): 66-74. Print.



Piacentino, Ed. “Second Chances: Patterns of Failure and Redemption in Tim Gautreaux’s ‘Same Place, Same Things.’” Southern literary Journal 38.1 (2005): 115122. Print.

Afternoon 1:30-12:30: Participants will use the Ernest J. Gaines Center, the Louisiana Room, or other resources to work on their research projects for the institute. They will have the opportunity to discuss their projects with the visiting scholars. Wednesday June 22 Morning 9:00-12:00: Marcia Gaudet and Maria Hebert-Leiter will lecture and lead group discussions on the history and the mechanization of the land in Gaines and Attica Locke’s The Cutting Season. Readings:  Locke, Attica. The Cutting Season. New York: Harper Collins, 2012. Print.  Berry, Wendell. “American Imagination and the Civil War.” Imagination in Place. Berkeley: Counterpoint, 2010. 17-38. Print.  Hebert-Leiter, Maria. “A Breed between: Racial Mediation in the Fiction of Ernest Gaines.” MELUS 31.2 (2006): 95-117. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will present their research projects to the rest of the institute. Thursday June 23 Morning 9:00-12:00: Marcia Gaudet and Maria Hebert-Leiter will lecture and lead group discussions on how Gaines views himself as a writer and in relation to American, Southern, and African American literature. Readings:  Gaines, Ernest J. Mozart and Leadbelly: Stories and Essays. New York: Vintage Books, 2005. Print. Afternoon 1:30-4:30: Participants will present their research projects to the rest of the institute. Friday June 24 All Day: Participants will take a field trip led by the visiting scholars and Matthew Teutsch to New Roads, LA and Oscar, LA to see and walk the land that Gaines writes about in his works.

Appendix B Bibliography Aubert, Alvin. “Ernest J. Gaines’s Truly Tragic Mulatto.” Callaloo 1.3 (1978): 68-75. Print. Baldwin, James. Go Tell It On the Mountain. New York: Vintage, 2013. Print. Bauer, Margaret. “Miss Jane is Still Not in the History Books.” William Faulkner’s Legacy “what shadow, what stain, what mark.” Gainesville: University of Press, 2005. 43-93. Print. Beavers, Herman. “Tilling the Soil to Find Ourselves: Conversion, Labor, and [Re]membering in Gaines’s Of Love and Dust and in My Father’s House.” Wrestling Angels Into Song: The Fictions of Ernest J. Gaines and James Alan McPherson. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. 67-103. Print. Berry, Wendell. “American Imagination and the Civil War.” Imagination in Place. Berkeley: Counterpoint, 2010. 17-38. Print. Bibler, Michael. “Nation and Plantation between Gone with the Wind and Black Power: The Example of Ernest J. Gaines’s Of Love and Dust.” Cotton’s Queer Relations: Same-Sex Intimacy and the Literature of the Southern Plantation, 1936-1968. Charlottesville: UV Press, 2009. 25-60. Print. Bontemps, Arna. The Old South: “A Summer Tragedy” and Other Stories of the Thirties. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973. Print. Byerman, Keith. “Bloodlines: Creoles of Color and Identity in the Fiction of Ernest Gaines.” Songs of the New South: Writing Contemporary Louisiana. Eds. Suzanne Disheroon Green and Lisa Abney. London: Greenwood Press, 2001. 193-201. Print. Canaday, Nicholas. “Arna Bontemps: The Louisiana Heritage.” Louisiana Literature and Literary Figures. Ed. Mathé Allain. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, 2004. 401406. Print. Chesnutt, Charles W. The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line. Ridgewood: The Gregg Press, 1967. Print. Clark, Keith. Black Manhood in James Baldwin, Ernest J. Gaines, and August Wilson. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2002. Print. Conversations with Ernest Gaines. Ed. John Lowe. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 1995. Print. Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Ed. David C. Estes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. Print. Davis, Thadious M. “Parishes and Prisons: Ernest Gaines’s Louisiana and Its North Carolina Kin Space.” Southscapes: Geographies of Race, Region, & Literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. 257-310. Print. Delmar, P. Jay. “The Mask as Theme and Structure: Charles W. Chesnutt’s ‘The Sheriff’s Children’ and ‘The Passing of Grandison.’” American Literature 51.3 (1979): 364-375. Print. Doyle, Mary Ellen. Voices from the Quarters: The Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2002. Print. Duncan, Todd. “Scene and Life Cycle in Ernest Gaines’ Bloodline.” Callaloo 1.3 (1978): 85101. Print.

Faulkner, William. Absalom, Absalom! New York: Vintage Books, 1972. Print. Gaines, Ernest J. The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. New York: Bantam Books, 1972. Print. ---. Bloodline. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1976. Print. ---. Catherine Carmier. New York: Vintage Books, 1993. Print. ---. In My Father’s House. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983. Print. ---. A Gathering of Old Men. New York: Vintage Books, 1984. Print. ---. A Lesson Before Dying. New York: Vintage Books, 1994. Print. ---. Mozart and Leadbelly: Stories and Essays. New York: Vintage Books, 2005. Print. ---. Of Love and Dust. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1979. Print. Gaudet, Marcia and Carl Wooten. Porch Talk with Ernest Gaines: Conversations on the Writer’s Craft. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990. Print. Gaudet, Marcia. “Miss Jane and Personal Experience Narrative: Ernest Gaines’ ‘The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.’” Western Folklore 51.1 (1992): 23-32. Print. Gautreaux, Tim. Welding with Children. New York: Picador, 1999. Print. Griffith, Paul. “James Baldwin’s Confrontation with Racist Terror in the American South: Sexual Mythology and Psychoneurosis in ‘Going to Meet the Man.’” Journal of Black Studies 32. 5 (2002): 506-527. Print. Harris, Trudier. “Fear of Manhood in the Wake of Systemic Racism in Ernest J. Gaines’s ‘Three Men.’” The Scary Mason-Dixon Line: African American Writers and the South. Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2009. 41-61. Print. Hebert-Leiter, Maria. Becoming Cajun, Becoming American: The Acadian in American Literature from Longfellow to James Lee Burke. Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2009. Print. ---. “An Interview with Tim Gautreaux.” Carolina Quarterly 57.2 (2005): 66-74. Print. ---. “A Breed between: Racial Mediation in the Fiction of Ernest Gaines.” MELUS 31.2 (2006): 95-117. Print. Hemingway, Ernest. In Our Time. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996. Print. Holcomb, Gary Edward and Charles Scruggs. “Introduction: Hemingway and the Black Renaissance.” Hemingway and the Black Renaissance. Eds. Gary Edward Holcomb and Charles Scruggs. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2012. 1-26. Print. Jones, Kirkland C. “Bontemps and the Old South.” African American Review 27.2 (1993): 179185. Print. Locke, Attica. The Cutting Season. New York: Harper Collins, 2012. Print. Lowe, John. “An Interview with James Wilcox: January 1997.” Mississippi Quarterly 52.4 (1999): 617-653. Print. Lowe, John. “Transcendence in the House of the Dead: The Subversive Gaze of A Lesson Before Dying.” The World is Our Home: society and Culture in Contemporary Southern Writing. Eds. Jeffrey J. Folks and Nancy Summers Folks. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2000. 142-162. Print. Luscher, Robert M. “The Pulse of Bloodline.” Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Ed. David C. Estes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. 62-88. Print. Mitchell, Koritha. “James Baldwin, Performance Theorist, Sings the Blues for Mister Charlie.” American Quarterly 64.1 (2012): 33-60. Print.

Pastoor, Charles. “Moments of Grace in James Wilcox’s Modern Baptists.” Renascence 58.3 (2006): 211-220. Print. Patterson, Robert J. “Rethinking Definitions and Expectations: Civil Rights and Civil Rights Leadership in Ernest Gaines’s The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.” South Atlantic Quarterly 112.2 (2013): 339-363. Print. Piacentino, Ed. “Second Chances: Patterns of Failure and Redemption in Tim Gautreaux’s ‘Same Place, Same Things.’” Southern literary Journal 38.1 (2005): 115-122. Print. Ryden, Wendy. “The ‘Problem’ of Liza Jane in Charles Chesnutt’s ‘The Wife of His Youth.’” Explicator 71.3 (2013): 180-183. Print. Saxon, Lyle. “Cane River.” The Short Story in Louisiana, 1880-1990. Ed. Mary Dell Fletcher. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, 1993. 225-239. Print. ---. Children of Strangers. Gretna: Pelican Publishing, 1998. Print. Shaffer, Donald M. “‘When the Sun Goes Down’: The Ghetto Pastoral Mode in Jean Toomer’s Cane.” Southern Literary Journal 45.1 (2012): 111-128. Print. Smith, David Lionel. “Bloodlines and Patriarchs: Of Love and Dust and Its Revisions of Faulkner.” Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Ed. David C. Estes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. 46-61. Print. Stupp, Jason. “Living Death: Ernest Gaines’s A Lesson before Dying and the Execution of Willie Francis.” Demands of the Dead: Executions, Storytelling, and Activism in the United States. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2012. 45-58. Print. Teutsch, Matthew. “Teaching the Pastoral and Race in Jean Toomer, Ernest Hemingway, and Ernest Gaines.” Teaching Hemingway and Race. Eds. Gary Holcomb and Charles Scruggs. Kent: Kent State University Press. (Forthcoming 2016) Thomas, James W. “Lyle Saxon’s Struggle with Children of Strangers.” Louisiana Literature and Literary Figures. Ed. Mathé Allain. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, 2004. 264-274. Print. Thompson, Edgar T. Rev. of Children of Strangers. Rural Sociology 2.4 (1937): 498-499. Print. Toomer, Jean. Cane. New York: Harper & Row, 1969. Print. Tucker, Terrence. “(Re)Claiming Legacy in the Post-Civil Rights South in Richard Wright’s ‘Down by the Riverside’ and Ernest Gaines’s A Gathering of Old Men.” Southern Literary Journal 43.2 (2011): 105-124. Print. Turgenev, Ivan. Fathers and Sons. Trans. Ralph E. Matlaw. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1966. Print. Valentino, Russell S. “A Wolf in Arkadia: Generic Fields, Generic Counterstatement and the Resources of the Pastoral in Fathers and Sons.” Russian Review: An American Quarterly Devoted to Russia Past and Present. 55.3 (1996): 475-493. Print. Ward, Jerry W. “Uncle Tom’s Children Revisited.” Valley Voices: A Literary Review 12.2 (2012): 9-11. Print. Wardi, Anissa J. “Inscriptions in the Dust: A Gathering of Old Men and Beloved as Ancestral Requiems.” African American Review 36.1 (2002): 35-53. Print. White, Daniel. “‘Haunted by the Idea’: Fathers and Sons in In My Father’s House and A Gathering of Old Men.” Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Ed. David C. Estes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. 158-179. Print. Wideman, John “Of Love and Dust: A Reconsideration.” Callaloo 1.3 (1978): 76-84. Print.

Wilcox, James. Modern Baptists. New York: Harper & Row, 1990. Print. Wright-Cleveland, Margaret E. “Cane and In Our Time: A Literary Conversation about Race.” Hemingway and the Black Renaissance. Eds. Gary Holcomb and Charles Scruggs. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2012. 155-176. Print. Wright, Richard. Uncle Tom’s Children. New York: Perennial, 1991. Print. Yarborough, Richard. “Introduction to the Perennial Edition by Richard Yarborough.” Uncle Tom’s Children. New York: Perennial, 1991. ix-xxxix. Print.