Anne Arundel County, MD

Anne Arundel County, MD Food Systems Profile These county profiles present the data compiled by the Maryland Food System Map Project, at the Johns Ho...
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Anne Arundel County, MD Food Systems Profile

These county profiles present the data compiled by the Maryland Food System Map Project, at the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future. They are intended to be used for education, research, policy development, and community organizing purposes. For more information go to: www.mdfoodsystemmap.org.

Demographics DEMOGRAPHICS

Population, 2011

a

Population Change, 2000-2010b Number of Households, 2011a

Anne Arundel

Maryland

% of MD Total

544,403

5,828,289

9.34%

9.8%

9.0%

County Ranking

5 16

197,348

2,128,377

b

Population Density (People / Square Mile), 2010

1,295.87

594.77

5

a

Non-Hispanic, 2007-11 ACS Five-Year Estimate

94.2%

92.1%

21

73.0%

55.2%

15

14.9%

29.0%

11

5.8%

7.9%

4

•• White Alone •• Black or African American Alone Hispanic (any race), 2007-11 ACS Five-Year Estimate

a

Median Household Income, 2010

c

Households Below 185% of Federal Poverty Level, 2011c,1 Unemployment, August 2013d Self-Sufficiency Standard (2 Adults, 2 School-Age Children), 2012

e,2

9.27%

5

$85,690

72,419

5

1.87%

10.47%

14

6.2%

6.7%

18

$71,138

(U)

4

Anne Arundel

Maryland

726.5

732.50

17

176.1

181.6

16

Health Statistics HEALTH STATISTICS

Overall Mortality / 100,000 Population (Age-Adjusted)

l

Heart Disease Mortality / 100,000 Population (Age-Adjusted)

l

Diabetes Mortality / 100,000 Population (Age-Adjusted)

k

Rate of Obesitym Rate of Diabetes

m

% of MD Total

County Ranking

21.3

20.4

12

27.03%

27.61%

17

10.79%

10.39%

11

CLF January 2014

2

Anne Arundel County Food Systems Profile

Food Availability FOOD AVAILABILITY - FOOD STORES AND RESTAURANTSf Food Stores by Type

Anne Arundel

Maryland

% of MD Total

County Ranking

244

3604

6.77%

5

59

602

9.80%

5

0.11

0.10

24.18%

16.66%

143

2516

0.26

0.43

109

1169

9.32%

4

30

1142

2.63%

6

4

205

1.95%

8

42

486

8.64%

4

206

1757

11.72%

4

0.38

0.30

Anne Arundel

Maryland

4.4%

9.30%

20

Population in Designated Limited Supermarket Access Area

12.69%

10.42%

9

Population Living in a USDA Food Desert

12.88%

27.34%

18

Population that is Food Insecure

8.2%

13.4%

17

Average Cost of a Meal ($)i,9

$2.78

(U)

13

Anne Arundel

Maryland

% of MD Total

33,491

645,347

5.19%

6.2%

11.2%

21

55.4%

(U)

19

244

3,559

Total Number of Food Stores •• Number of Supermarkets

Supermarkets

42

4

59

Convenience Superettes

30

International 109

Other

•• Supermarkets / 1,000 Population •• % Supermarkets (# Supermarkets / Total Food Stores) •• Number of Small Food Stores3 •• Small Food Stores / 1,000 Population •• Number of Convenience Stores (Chains, Gas Stations, Drug Stores) •• Number of Superettes ("Mom and Pop" Stores, Corner Stores)

4

•• Number of International Food Stores* •• Number of Other Food Stores

5

Number of Fast Food Chain Restaurants •• Fast Food Chain Restaurants / 1,000 Population

FOOD AVAILABILITY - FOOD ACCESS

Households without Vehiclea g,6

h,7

i,8

FOOD AVAILABILITY - NUTRITION ASSISTANCE

Average Number of Monthly SNAP Participants, 2011

j

Population Participating in SNAP, 2011j SNAP Participation Among Low-Income Residentsj Number of SNAP Authorized Stores

k

•• Number of SNAP Authorized Stores / 1,000 population Students Free-Lunch Eligible, 2009j,10 Number of Pantry & Free Meal Sites

f

9 7 5.68%

5 18

5

% of MD Total

6.86%

County Ranking

County Ranking

5

5

0.45

0.62

20

19.98%

(U)

18

117

974

12.01%

3

Anne Arundel County Food Systems Profile 3

Agriculture AGRICULTUREn,11 - GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

Total Number of Farms Acres of Land in Farms

Anne Arundel

Maryland

% of MD Total

County Ranking

377

12,849

2.93%

16

1.43%

22

29,244

2,051,756

11.01%

33.03%

23

78

160

23

59.4

57.3

4

28.38%

17.27%

1

•• Farming

49.60%

48.85%

12

•• Other

50.40%

51.15%

13

Anne Arundel

Maryland

% of MD Total

County Ranking

59

1407

4.19%

11

of Land in Farms Average Farm Size (Acres) Average Age of Primary Farm Operator Female Primary Operator Operators by Primary Occupation

AGRICULTUREn - FARM TYPES

Farm Products Sold Directly - Number Farm Products Sold Directly - Market Value

$698,000

$21,220,000

3.29%

11

Number of USDA Certified Organic Farms

8

161

4.97%

9

Number of Farms Transitioning to USDA Certified Organic

2

107

1.87%

12

Dairy Farms - Number

0

663

0.00%

21

Dairy Farms - Market Value ($)

$0

$192,426,000

0.00%

17

Beef Cattle Farms - Number Beef Cattle Farms - Market Value ($) Oilseed & Grain Farms - Number Oilseed & Grain Farms - Market Value ($) Hog Farms - Number Hog Farms - Market Value ($) Fruit, Tree Nuts & Berries - Number Fruit, Tree Nuts & Berries - Market Value ($) Vegetables, Melons, Potatoes, & Sweet Potatoes - Number Vegetables, Melons, Potatoes, & Sweet Potatoes - ($)

58

2526

2.30%

14

$382,000

$58,293,000

0.66%

17

42

2049

2.05%

18

$2,893,000

$307,944,000

0.94%

19

5

412

1.21%

20

$29,000

(D)

(U)

14

30

472

6.36%

7

$504,000

$19,393,000

2.60%

10

60

940

6.38%

5

$896,000

$56,394,000

1.59%

16

Poultry Farms (Broiler) - Number

2

808

0.25%

22

Poultry Farms (Layer) - Number

45

1229

3.66%

11

$19,000

$903,531,000

0.00%

17

Poultry Farms (Broiler & Layer) - Market Value ($)

Market Value by Farm Type Dairy Beef Cattle

$0 $382,000

Oilseed & Grain Hog

$2,893,000 $29,000

Fruits

$504,000

Vegetables Poultry

$896,000 $19,000

4

Anne Arundel County Food Systems Profile

AGRICULTUREn - ECONOMICS Farms by Size (by Market Value)

Number of Small Farms (Market Value 0.5 miles (urban) or >10 miles (rural) from the nearest supermarket. 8. USDA defines food security as having “consistent, dependable access to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members.” Households that are food insecure do not have consistent, dependable access due to a lack of money and other resources. 9. The average dollar amount spent on food per week by food secure individuals is divided by 21 (3 meals per day x 7 days per week) weighted by the “cost-of-food index” to derive a localized estimate. Food expenditures for food secure individuals were used to ensure that the result best reflected the cost of an adequate diet. 10. The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) provides per meal cash reimbursements to schools as an entitlement to provide nutritious meals to children. Student eligibility is dependent on household income level.

11. All data in the “Agriculture” sections are sourced from the USDA National Agriculture Statistics Survey 2007 Census of Agriculture, unless otherwise noted. 12. Agriculture of the Middle (AOTM) encompasses a spectrum of farms and ranches that are declining because they are too small to be served well by commodity markets and too large to be served well by direct markets. Most farms are in the $50,000-$500,000 range of gross sales. See agofthemiddle.org for more information. 13. Data are for total hired farm workers, including paid family members. Data exclude contract laborers. 14. A migrant farm worker is a farm worker whose employment required travel that prevented the worker from returning to his/her permanent place of residence on the same day. 15. A Confined Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) is a medium or large Animal Feeding Operation (AFO) that discharges or “proposes to discharge” manure, litter, or process wastewater. “Proposes to discharge” means that your facility is designed, constructed, operated, or maintained, such that a discharge to surface waters of the State WILL occur. Broiler Chicken CAFO with liquid manure ranges: medium = 9,000-29,999 birds/farm, large = >30,000 birds/farm. Broiler Chickens CAFO with dry manure ranges: medium = 37,500124,999 birds/farm or 125,000 birds/farm or ≥100,000 ft2. 16. A Maryland Animal Feeding Operation (MAFO) is a large animal feeding operation that does not discharge or “propose to discharge” manure, litter, or process wastewater. 17. Dairy Cattle CAFO ranges: medium = 200-699 animals/farm, large = 700+ animals/farm. 18. Hog CAFO ranges: 750 or more animals/farm, dependent on weight of animals. 19. Farms that grow and sell food locally in some manner. The list is derived from online research, last updated in spring 2012. The list is not entirely comprehensive, as not all local farms have information available on the Internet. 20. Categories of food processing facilities, slaughter facilities, and distribution and storage facilities are neither mutually exclusive nor an exhaustive list or every possible type of facility. 21. A “Deed of Conservation Easement” is a legal agreement between a landowner and a land trust (such as Maryland Environmental Trust, within Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR)), which restricts the future uses of the landowner’s property. It applies to all future owners of the property and often limits such things as the amount of subdivision, or the number of houses that may be built. 22. The Maryland Agricultural Land Preservation Foundation (MALPF) purchases agricultural preservation easements that forever restrict development on prime farmland and woodland. 23. The Maryland Environmental Trust is a statewide land trust with a mission to provide landowners with information and tools to permanently protect natural, historic and scenic resources in the state. 24. Maryland’s Rural Legacy Program provides funding to preserve large, contiguous tracts of land and to enhance natural resource, agricultural, forestry and environmental protection while supporting a sustainable land base for natural resource based industries. 25. The Maryland Department of Agriculture collects data on Best Management Practices for conservation, 3 of which are listed below, as part of an effort to restore the health of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. 26. Ammonia (NH3) is a chemical present in the chemical fertilizers used in agriculture. Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals and animal wastes. 27. Data for crop and livestock dust emissions of Particulate Matter

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