American Popular Culture in the 1970s & 1980s
Music of the 1970s • American Top 40, a syndicated radio show counting down the Top 40 singles each week as ranked by Billboard magazine, debuts. Host Casey Kasem will remain with the show for 18 years. • LIST 5 of the popular artists of the 1970s:
Studio 54 Studio 54 was a ____________________ ___________________________ in the ‘70s and early ‘80s. •
Lots of celebrities were there on opening night: Mick and Bianca Jagger, Liza Minnelli, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Salvador Dali, Brooke Shields, Cher, Debbie Harry, Robin Leach, newlyweds Donald and Ivana Trump, and many other well-known party-goers. A week after the opening, they opened the nightclub on a Monday night for Bianca Jagger’s 32nd birthday party. Bianca entered on a white horse and the resulting publicity established Studio 54 as the preferred nightclub for celebrities. At the nightclub's prime, the owner became widely known for hand-selecting guests from the always-huge crowds outside, mixing _______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________in the same venue. ”______________", as it came to be called, had balconies which were known for sexual encounters, and drug use was rampant. Its dance floor was decorated with a depiction of a Man in the Moon that included an animated cocaine spoon. Saturday nights were the hot disco nights. During December 1978, the owner was quoted in the New York newspapers as saying the Studio had made $_______________________ in its first year and that "only the Mafia made more money."
Test your ‘70s movie knowledge – How many of the following popular movies of the 1970s have you heard of? • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• • • • •
Love Story M*A*S*H Patton Catch-22 Woodstock A Clockwork Orange Dirty Harry Harold And Maude Shaft The Godfather Deliverance Slaughterhouse Five The Exorcist
• Monty Python and the Holy Grail • Saturday Night Fever • The Texas Chainsaw Massacre • National Lampoon’s Animal House • One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest • The Rocky Horror Picture Show • Blazing Saddles • Rocky • King Kong American Graffiti • Star Wars • Jaws The Way We Were Jesus Christ, Superstar • Carrie • Hair Young Frankenstein • Grease Alien
Television of the 1970s
• • • • • • • • •
All in the Family Three’s Company 60 Minutes One Day at a Time The Love Boat The Amazing Spider-Man Mork & Mindy Dallas The Dukes of Hazzard
• The Mary Tyler Moore Show • The Bob Newhart Show • Happy Days • The Waltons • Chips • The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour • The Jeffersons • Little House on the Prairie • Laverne & Shirley • Starsky & Hutch • Charlie’s Angels • The Flip Wilson Show • Hawaii Five-O • The Wonderful World of Disney
1970s Lifestyles In 1970, more people lived in ___________________ than anywhere else, thanks to huge growth of the suburbs during the ‘60's. What kind of things you would find in the rec room of a 1970s home? (LIST 3)
New single-family homes in 1975.... 60% were 1 story, 26% were 2 story, 14% were split-level.
Clothing Styles Slogans on t-shirts Nylon jogging suits Bell bottom pants Platform Shoes Mutton chop side burns Perms for men Afros Purses for men Socks with toes Paisley Shirts Polyester Women wearing men's clothing Hot pants Leisure suits Dorothy Hamill haircuts Feathered hair/bangs Farrah Faucet hair
The Hustle (dance) Bean Bag chairs Fondue pots Shag Rugs Tang Pop Rocks Radios in unusual shapes Dashboard Hula Girls Black lights, lava lamps, strobe lights Smiley face stickers Crockpots Waterbeds
• The short-lived 1970s fad of streaking began at UNC in 1974. On March 5th, more than 200 male students stripped bare and raced across the campus and through the undergraduate library. 20 women from Joyner Dormitory joined in. Two days later, to accompaniment by the university's pep band, more than 900 naked students ran single-file through an appreciative crowd before posing for a group photo near South Building. Streaking quickly spread to campuses across the nation before the fad abruptly expired.
• Pet Rocks were a 1970s fad conceived in Los Gatos, California by advertising executive Gary Dahl. This amazing one-hit wonder made its founder a millionaire in a few short months.
Toys and Games of the 1970s Toys: – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –
Pet Rocks Mood rings Slime Hopscotch Easy Bake Oven Silly Putty Lite Bright Banana-seat bikes Etch-a-Sketch Magic 8-Ball Big Wheels Silly string Play-Doh Hot Wheels Barbie Star Wars action figures – Matchbox Cars
Games: - Operation - Twister - Mad Libs - Pong, Atari & handheld video games - Yahtzee - Battleship
_______________Tape Player • The Lear Jet Stereo 8-track cartridge was designed by a team of engineers working for Lear Jet Corporation in 1964. • While the design allowed simple, cheap, and mobile players, it didn't permit ____________________ of the tape. • Eight-track recorders had gained popularity by the early 1970s. • ”___________________" type players were also popular. • Consumers started thinking of eight-tracks as a viable alternative to vinyl records.
Computers • The 70's also saw the beginning of the _________________________________ ______ due to Intel creating the first cheap microprocessor. • The popularity of computers was just beginning to take hold.
Technology and Inventions of the ’70s • The 70's were the start in many ways of the Electronics and ________________ Revolution, companies found ways to use the technology which caused the phenomenal growth in smaller more powerful and cheaper products ranging from Calculators to Televisions. • As people realized the power of these new home computers a new use was found and that was the beginning of the ____________________________. • Due in part to the increased use of the 747 a Jumbo Jet able to carry large numbers of passengers across continents air travel booms and causes new problems with pollution, delays and air traffic control • Other Inventions: Barcode ----- 1973 E-Mail ----- 1971 Floppy Disk ----- 1971 Genetic Engineering ----- 1973 Ink Jet Printer ----- 1976 Laser Printer ----- 1975 LCDs ----- 1970 Microprocessor ----- 1971 MRI Scanner ----- 1977 Personal Computer ----- 1975 Space Station ----- 1973 In Vitro Fertilization ----- 1978 England "test tube baby"
Cars of the 1970s
• Some of the new innovations and safety features found in cars from the 1970’s: Muscle Cars (Trans Am / Camaro)
– Four Wheel Drive – Airbags
Hit Songs of the ’80s: • Eurythmics, “Sweet Dreams” • Culture Club, “Do You Really Want to Hurt Me?” • “Come On Eileen” • Men at Work, “Down Under” • Cindy Lauper, “Girls Just Wanna Have Fun” • Michael Jackson, “Billie Jean,” “Beat It” • Rick Springfield, “Jessie’s Girl” • Survivor, “Eye of the Tiger” • Joan Jett, “I Love Rock and Roll” • John Cougar, “Hurts So Good” • Vangelis, “Chariots of Fire” • The Police, “Every Breath You Take” • Irene Cara, “Flashdance…What a Feeling” • Prince, “When Doves Cry” • Van Halen, “Jump” • A-Ha, “Take On Me” • John Parr, “St. Elmo’s Fire” • Robert Palmer, “Addicted to Love” • The Bangles, “Walk Like an Egyptian” • Bon Jovi, “Livin’ on a Prayer” • U2, “With or Without You” • Billy Idol, “Mony Mony” • Guns ‘n’ Roses, “Sweet Child O’ Mine” • Paula Abdul, “Straight Up”
Music of the 1980s Top artists of the 1980s: (PICK 5)
Music Television (MTV) was also a major breakthrough network in the 1980s and today viewers can choose from a large number of musicbased television channels.
Quiz: Are you a child of the ‘80s? How many of these hit 1980s films have you seen? John Hughes Movies (Sixteen Candles, Breakfast Club, etc.) Horror Movies (Nightmare on Elm Street, Friday the 13th, etc.) Goonies Back to the Future Flashdance Blues Brothers Airplane! Indiana Jones films E.T. Risky Business Karate Kid Footloose
Ghostbusters Top Gun Crocodile Dundee Ferris Bueller’s Day Off Platoon Fatal Attraction Dirty Dancing Coming to America Big Rain Man Lethal Weapon Die Hard Naked Gun Batman Empire Strikes Back
Stars of the 1980s • The Pack: a bunch of young actors and actresses like Molly Ringwald, Emilio Estevez, Andew McCarthy, Judd Nelson, Charlie Sheen, Rob Lowe, Matt Dillon, Ralph Macchio and Anthony Michael Hall were among the much-hyped stars with their million dollar lifestyles.
• At the heart of this era is the “Brat Pack”—a group of young who were angst-filled, slacker-ish, less polished. The term was first popularized in a 1985 New York Magazine cover story, which described a group of highly successful and rich, teen stars. Common themes of the brat pack films were coming of age, high school/ college/young professionalism, love stories, and outsider vs. insider cliques.
Well-Known Movie Stars of the Eighties Molly Ringwald Clint Eastwood Burt Reynolds Harrison Ford Michael J Fox Eddie Murphy Tom Cruise Arnold Schwarzenegger
Popular TV of the 1980s • • • • • • • • • • •
Cheers Golden Girls Three’s Company Cosby Show Growing Pains Love Boat The Dukes of Hazzard Knight Rider Miami Vice Magnum, P.I. Prime Time Soaps: Dallas, Dynasty, Knots Landing • The Simpsons • MacGuyver
Cable Television • The 1980s saw the creation of a number of cable networks that viewers still enjoy today. – The Weather Channel – based in Atlanta, GA – premiered in 1982 as a cable network that covered the weather 24 hours a day. – The Cable News Network, better known as CNN, was also created as television’s first 24-hour news network. – Rupert Murdoch also created the Fox Network in the 1980s as a challenge to the only three major networks at the time – NBC, CBS, and ABC.
• Popular Toys: – Strawberry Shortcake – Care Bears – Slinky – California Raisins – Rainbow Brite – He-Man – Pee Wee Herman – Cabbage Patch Dolls – Garbage Pail Kids • Popular Games: – Teenage Mutant Ninja – Pac-Man Turtles – Nintendo – My Little Pony – Trivial Pursuit – Scratch 'n Sniff Stickers & – Ouija Boards Sticker Collections/Albums – Hacky-Sack
Fads of the 1980s Tupperware Parties Sony Walkmans / Boom Boxes / Ghetto Blasters Polaroid cameras 'Baby on Board' Signs Neon (clothings, bracelets, signs, etc.) Friendship Bracelets Weird Al American Gladiators Break Dancing Jazzercise
Moon-walking Roller Skating Rinks Hanging out at Video Arcades Trapper Keepers WWF Wrestling Judy Blume books Popular expressions: – – – – –
"Just Say No" "Psyche!" "Totally awesome!” “Word” “Where's the Beef ?”
Technology 1980's • The ‘80's signaled the start of the __________________ age. • A new technology evolved starting as Bulletin boards later to become what we now know as the __________________ invented by an English physicist and the beginnings of the World Wide Web. • This was also the decade that the Post-It was introduced. • The ‘80's also signaled the age of the video game in arcades, game machines and PC's (the most popular games were Space Invaders and __________________.) • After many years of ignoring the impact on our environment, the world also took more notice of the impact that we were having on our planet and more research was done on the effects on ______________________ through population growth, land clearing of rain forests for agriculture and logging, increased use of fossil fuels for power generation together with our love affair with the car for transport. • Another technology that was also just starting was that of cellular _____________ phones.
Styles • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Scrunch Socks Spandex Sock Sweat Bands Jelly Shoes Big shoulder pads Swatch Watches Legwarmers worn over jeans Cat suits Charm necklaces Ripped jeans Penny loafers The preppy look Miami Vice fashion
Hairstyles of the 1980s
Big Hair with lots of hairspray Mullets and Rat tails Big Hair Bows Mohawks Feathered Hair Skater Hair Cuts (lopsided haircuts)
Cars of the 1980s • The 1980s were a great time for the automobile industry, the average model new 1980 car cost around 7,000 dollars, and a gallon of gas was about 90 cents.