Adolescents and Youth in India

1 Profile of Adolescents and Youth in India Size, Growth Rate and Distribution of Adolescent and Youth Population Adolescent and Youth Population i...
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Profile of

Adolescents and Youth in India Size, Growth Rate and Distribution of Adolescent and Youth Population

Adolescent and Youth Population in the Age Group 10-24 Years in Select Countries, 2010 Sl. No. 1

Population (’000)

Adolescents [Population in the age group 10-19 years (’000)]

Proportion of adolescents population (10-19) to total population (%)

China

13,59,821

1,91,264

14.1

2,42,244

Country

Youth [Population in the age group 15-24 years (’000)]

Proportion of youth population (15-24) to total population (%) 17.8

2

India

12,05,625

2,36,567

19.6

2,29,032

19.0

3

United States of America

3,12,247

43,052

13.8

43,950

14.1

4

Indonesia

2,40,676

43,432

18.0

40,530

16.8

5

Brazil

1,95,210

33,832

17.3

33,646

17.2

6

Pakistan

1,73,149

39,962

23.1

37,271

21.5

7

Nigeria

1,59,708

35,604

22.3

30,601

19.2

8

Bangladesh

1,51,125

32,243

21.3

30,703

20.3

9

Russian Federation

1,43,618

15,269

10.6

21,306

14.8

10

Japan

1,27,353

11,984

9.4

12,851

10.1

Other countries

28,47,650

5,15,543

18.1

5,01,317

17.6

World

69,16,183

11,98,752

17.3

12,23,450

17.7

Source: World Population Prospects, The 2012 Revision, United Nations New York, 2013 Note: Selected countries are top ten populous countries in the World

Growth Rate* of Adolescent Population, 2000-2010 –4.61

1

Russian Federation –2.36

China –1.57

Japan –0.53

Brazil

–0.04

Indonesia

–0.01

WORLD

United States of America

0.45

Bangladesh

0.54

India

0.68

Pakistan

1.55

Nigeria

–6.00

–4.00

–2.00

2.22

0.00

2.00

4.00

Growth Rate* of Youth Population, 2000-2010 –2.11

Japan –0.83

Russian Federation

–0.52

Indonesia

–0.31

Brazil

United States of America

0.97

Bangladesh

1.05 1.18

WORLD

1.23

India

1.77

China

2.12

Nigeria Pakistan

–3.00

–2.00

–1.00

*Average Annual Exponential Growth Rate (Percent)

0.00

2.70

1.00

2.00

3.00

Trends in Adolescent and Youth Population in India, 1961-2011 Proportion of adolescents and youth to total population (%)

Population in age group Census year

Population (All ages) 10-14

15-19

20-24

Adolescents (10-19)

Youth (15-24)

10-14 15-19 20-24

Adolescents Youth (10-19) (15-24)

1961

43,92,34,771

4,93,06,185

3,58,82,536

3,73,32,553

8,51,88,721

7,32,15,089

11.2

8.2

8.5

19.4

16.7

1971

54,81,59,652

6,87,73,707

4,74,68,232

4,31,01,354 11,62,41,939

9,05,69,586

12.5

8.7

7.9

21.2

16.5

1981

66,52,87,849

8,59,11,367

6,41,38,807

5,73,37,858 15,00,50,174 12,14,76,665

12.9

9.6

8.6

22.6

18.3

1991

83,85,67,936

9,86,91,898

7,90,34,929

7,44,72,704 17,77,26,827 15,35,07,633

11.8

9.4

8.9

21.2

18.3

2001

1,02,86,10,328 12,48,46,858 10,02,15,890

8,97,64,132 22,50,62,748 18,99,80,022

12.1

9.7

8.7

21.9

18.5

2011

1,21,08,54,977 13,27,09,212 12,05,26,449 11,14,24,222 25,32,35,661 23,19,50,671

11.0

10.0

9.2

20.9

19.2

Trends in Percentage of Adolescent and Youth Population in India, 1961-2011 30

2 25 20 15 10

19.4

21.2 16.5

22.6

21.2

21.9

18.3

18.3

18.5

1981

1991

2001

20.9 19.2

16.7

1961

1971

Adolescents

Youth

2011

Adolescent and Youth Population (’000) in India by States and Union Territories, 2001 and 2011 Sl. No.

India/States/ Union Territory INDIA

2001 10-14

15-19

1,24,847 1,00,216

2011

20-24

Adolescents (10-19)

89,764

2,25,063

Youth (15-24)

10-14

15-19

20-24

1,89,980 1,32,709 1,20,526 1,11,424

Adolescents (10-19)

Youth (15-24)

2,53,236

2,31,951

1

Jammu & Kashmir

1,361

1,147

890

2,508

2,037

1,414

1,237

1,161

2,651

2,398

2

Himachal Pradesh

705

627

583

1,332

1,210

639

640

644

1,280

1,284

3

Punjab

2,832

2,556

2,339

5,388

4,895

2,583

2,818

2,777

5,401

5,594

4

Chandigarh

92

93

104

185

197

93

104

121

198

226

5

Uttarakhand

1,094

930

743

2,023

1,672

1,145

1,124

970

2,269

2,094

6

Haryana

2,683

2,257

1,957

4,940

4,214

2,669

2,677

2,567

5,346

5,245

7

NCT of Delhi

1,563

1,428

1,427

2,991

2,855

1,648

1,667

1,764

3,316

3,431

8

Rajasthan

7,242

5,490

4,749

12,732

10,240

8,381

7,314

6,426

15,695

13,741

9

Uttar Pradesh

22,310

16,045

13,312

38,355

29,357

25,870

23,040

17,579

48,910

40,619

10

Bihar

11,064

7,190

6,323

18,254

13,513

13,920

9,473

8,065

23,393

17,537

11

Sikkim

72

63

55

135

119

67

67

67

134

134

12

Arunachal Pradesh

143

111

86

253

197

179

156

132

335

288

13

Nagaland

283

266

210

549

476

249

230

204

478

434

14

Manipur

259

238

222

496

460

314

287

282

601

569

15

Mizoram

109

99

94

207

192

117

110

112

227

222

16

Tripura

418

339

274

758

614

358

358

373

716

731

17

Meghalaya

319

250

195

569

445

383

326

285

709

611

18

Assam

3,333

2,611

2,315

5,943

4,926

3,492

3,069

2,909

6,560

5,978

19

West Bengal

9,539

7,634

7,066

17,172

14,700

9,157

9,058

8,758

18,215

17,816

20

Jharkhand

3,535

2,500

2,150

6,035

4,649

4,104

3,205

2,828

7,310

6,033

21

Odisha

4,257

3,531

3,190

7,788

6,722

4,349

3,925

3,784

8,274

7,709

22

Chhattisgarh

2,605

1,932

1,671

4,537

3,603

2,884

2,600

2,389

5,484

4,989

23

Madhya Pradesh

7,769

5,691

5,168

13,460

10,859

8,565

7,447

6,728

16,011

14,174

24

Gujarat

5,673

5,184

4,839

10,857

10,023

6,149

5,866

5,781

12,015

11,646

25

Daman & Diu

14

18

25

32

43

17

26

39

44

65

26

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

23

20

27

43

47

35

33

44

68

77

27

Maharashtra

11,337

9,571

8,857

20,908

18,427

10,735

10,627

11,091

21,362

21,718

28

Andhra Pradesh

8,733

7,580

6,937

16,313

14,517

8,202

8,094

8,132

16,295

16,226

29

Karnataka

6,222

5,382

4,886

11,603

10,268

5,737

5,827

6,053

11,564

11,880

30

Goa

120

125

142

245

267

111

114

131

225

245

31

Lakshadweep

8

6

6

14

12

6

6

6

12

11

32

Kerala

2,987

2,985

2,984

5,972

5,968

2,823

2,611

2,666

5,433

5,276

33

Tamil Nadu

6,012

6,184

5,801

12,196

11,985

6,178

6,254

6,412

12,431

12,665

34

Puducherry

94

98

98

192

195

106

102

109

208

211

35

A&N Islands

39

38

38

77

77

33

33

37

66

70

3

INDIA INDIA PERCENTAGE ADOLESCENT POPULATION PercentageOF of Adolescent Population (AGE 10-19 YEARS) (AgeGROUP Group 10-19 years) - 2011 - 2011 (STATES/UNION TERRITORIES) (States/Union Territories)

JAMMU & KASHMIR 21.1

PUNJAB 19.5

HIMACHAL PRADESH 18.6 CHANDIGARH 18.7 UTTARAKHAND 22.5

HARYANA 21.1

ARUNACHAL PRADESH 24.2

NCT OF DELHI 19.7

RAJASTHAN 22.9

SIKKIM 21.9

UTTAR PRADESH 24.5

ASSAM 21.0 BIHAR 22.5

GUJARAT 19.9

JHARKHAND 22.2 WEST BENGAL 20.0

MADHYA PRADESH 22.0

DAMAN & DIU 17.9 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 19.8

MEGHALAYA 23.9

NAGALAND 24.2

MANIPUR 21.0

TRIPURA 19.5 MIZORAM 20.7

CHHATTISGARH 21.5 ODISHA 19.7 MAHARASHTRA 19.0

P

ANDHRA PRADESH 19.3 GOA 15.4

Percentage of Adolescent Population (Age Group 10-19) to Total Population

KARNATAKA 18.9

AND

18.0 - 18.9 19.0 - 19.9

P

20.0 - 20.9

KERALA 16.3

D I A ( I N

P E E D W H A A) K S (INDI L A

TAMIL NADU 17.2

18.0

A MA N AN D N I C O )

Below 18.0 PUDUCHERRY 16.7

17.5

BA

21.0 & Above

R

4

IS LA

P - PUDUCHERRY

N

D S

INDIA INDIA PERCENTAGE OF YOUTH POPULATION Percentage of Youth Population (AGE GROUP 15-24 YEARS) (Age Group 15-24 years) - 2011 - 2011 (STATES/UNION TERRITORIES) (States/Union Territories)

JAMMU & KASHMIR 19.1

HIMACHAL PRADESH 18.7 PUNJAB 20.2

CHANDIGARH 21.4 UTTARAKHAND 20.8

HARYANA 20.7

NCT OF DELHI 20.4

RAJASTHAN 20.0

ARUNACHAL PRADESH 20.8 SIKKIM 22.0

UTTAR PRADESH 20.3

ASSAM 19.2 BIHAR 16.8

GUJARAT 19.3

DAMAN & DIU 26.7 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 22.5

JHARKHAND 18.3

MADHYA PRADESH 19.5

WEST BENGAL 19.5

NAGALAND 21.9

MANIPUR 19.9

TRIPURA MIZORAM 19.9 20.2

CHHATTISGARH 19.5 ODISHA 18.4 MAHARASHTRA 19.3

ANDHRA PRADESH 19.2 GOA 16.8

P

Percentage of Youth Population (Age Group 15-24) to Total Population

KARNATAKA 19.4

P

19.0 - 19.9

18.4

O B

A IS

P - PUDUCHERRY

R

E P W E

)

21.0 & Above

C N I

20.0 - 20.9

) D I A ( I N

KERALA 15.8

18.0 - 18.9

A N D

D H A A K S (INDI L A

TAMIL NADU 17.6

A N D A M A N

Below 18.0 PUDUCHERRY 16.9

17.8

MEGHALAYA 20.6

L

A N D S

Percentage Decadal Growth Rate of Adolescent and Youth Population in India by States and Union Territories, 2001-2011 Sl. No.

India/States/UTs INDIA

5

Percentage decadal growth rate Adolescent population

Youth population

12.5

22.1

1

Jammu & Kashmir

5.7

17.7

2

Himachal Pradesh

–3.9

6.2

3

Punjab

0.2

14.3

4

Chandigarh

6.9

14.7

5

Uttarakhand

12.2

25.2

6

Haryana

8.2

24.5

7

NCT of Delhi

10.9

20.2

8

Rajasthan

23.3

34.2

9

Uttar Pradesh

27.5

38.4

10

Bihar

28.2

29.8

11

Sikkim

–0.9

13.2

12

Arunachal Pradesh

32.3

46.3

13

Nagaland

–12.9

–8.8

14

Manipur

21.0

23.5

15

Mizoram

9.6

15.5

16

Tripura

–5.6

19.1

17

Meghalaya

24.6

37.4

18

Assam

10.4

21.4

19

West Bengal

6.1

21.2

20

Jharkhand

21.1

29.8

21

Odisha

6.2

14.7

22

Chhattisgarh

20.9

38.5

23

Madhya Pradesh

19.0

30.5

24

Gujarat

10.7

16.2

25

Daman & Diu

37.8

52.7

26

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

59.4

64.7

27

Maharashtra

2.2

17.9

28

Andhra Pradesh

–0.1

11.8

29

Karnataka

–0.3

15.7

30

Goa

–8.2

–8.4

31

Lakshadweep

–16.2

–3.5

32

Kerala

–9.0

–11.6

33

Tamil Nadu

1.9

5.7

34

Puducherry

8.3

8.1

35

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

–13.9

–8.6

Decadal Growth Rate of Adolescent Population in India by States and Union Territories, 2001-2011 Lakshadweep –16.2 –13.9 Andaman & Nicobar Islands –12.9 Nagaland –9.0 Kerala –8.2 Goa –5.6 Tripura –3.9 Himachal Pradesh –0.9 Sikkim –0.3 Karnataka –0.1 Andhra Pradesh Punjab Tamil Nadu Maharashtra Jammu & Kashmir West Bengal Odisha Chandigarh Haryana Puducherry Mizoram Assam Gujarat NCT of Delhi Uttarakhand INDIA Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Manipur Jharkhand Rajasthan Meghalaya Uttar Pradesh Bihar Arunachal Pradesh Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli

–20.0

6

–10.0

0.2 1.9 2.2

0.0

5.7 6.1 6.2 6.9 8.2 8.3 9.6 10.4 10.7 10.9 12.2 12.5

10.0

19.0 20.9 21.0 21.1 23.3 24.6 27.5 28.2

20.0

32.3

30.0

37.8

59.4

40.0

50.0

60.0

Percentage

Decadal Growth Rate of Youth Population in India by States and Union Territories, 2001-2011 Kerala Nagaland Andaman & Nicobar Islands Goa Lakshadweep Tamil Nadu Himachal Pradesh Puducherry Andhra Pradesh Sikkim Punjab Chandigarh Odisha Mizoram Karnataka Gujarat Jammu & Kashmir Maharashtra Tripura NCT of Delhi West Bengal Assam INDIA Manipur Haryana Uttarakhand Jharkhand Bihar Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan Meghalaya Uttar Pradesh Chhattisgarh Arunachal Pradesh Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli

–11.6 –8.8 –8.6 –8.4

–15.0

–3.5

–5.0

5.7 6.2 8.1

5.0

11.8 13.2 14.3 14.7 14.7 15.5 15.7 16.2 17.7 17.9 19.1 20.2 21.2 21.4 22.1 23.5 24.5 25.2

15.0

25.0

29.8 29.8 30.5 34.2 37.4 38.4 38.5

35.0

Percentage

45.0

46.3

52.7

55.0

64.7

65.0

75.0

Concepts and Definitions Indian Census is the largest single source of a variety of statistical information on different characteristics of the people of India. With a history of more than 130 years, this reliable, time tested exercise has been bringing out a veritable wealth of statistics every 10 years, beginning from 1872 when the first census was conducted in India non-synchronously in different parts. The recently concluded Census 2011 is the fifteenth Census of the Country. Population Population refers to the total number of persons who were found to be residing in India at the Census Moment of 00:00 hours of Census Reference Day. For Census 2011 it was 00:00 hours of 1st March 2011. Adolescents and Youth The United Nations considers persons aged 10-19 years as adolescents and those between 15-24 years as youth for statistical purposes without prejudice to other definitions by Member States.† In the present Data Highlights on Adolescents and Youth, the population in the age group 10-19 years are referred as Adolescents and those in the age group 15-24 are termed as Youth. There is an overlapping age category (e.g. 15-19) while distinguishing Adolescent and Youth population. Sex Ratio Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per thousand males in a given population and is computed as: Sex ratio = (Number of females ÷ number of males) × 1000 Urban Areas Urban areas comprised of two types of administrative units – (a) Statutory Towns and (b) Census Towns. Statutory Towns: All Administrative Units that have been defined by statute as urban, like Municipal Corporation, Municipality, Cantonment Board, Notified Town Area Committee, Town Panchayat, Nagar Palika, etc. are known as Statutory Towns. Census Towns: All Administrative Units satisfying the following three criteria simultaneously are treated as Census Towns – i. It should have minimum population of 5,000; ii. At least 75 per cent of the male main working population should have been engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and iii. It should have a density of population of at least 400 persons per sq.km. (1000 per sq. mile) Rural Area Any administrative area that is not classified as Urban (Statutory/Census Town) is treated as rural area. Literacy Rate A person aged 7 and above who can both read and write with understanding in any language is considered as a literate. Literacy Rate is defined as the percentage of literates to the total population of age 7 years and above and is computed as: Literacy rate = (Number of Literates ÷ Population age 7+) × 100 Worker Work is defined as participation in any economically productive activity with or without compensation, wages or profit. Such participation may be physical and/or mental in nature. All persons engaged in work as defined above are workers. Main Worker Any person who had participated in any economically productive activity for 6 months or more during the last one year preceding the date of enumeration is defined as main worker. Marginal Worker A person who had participated in any economically productive activity for less than 6 months during the last one year preceding the date of enumeration is defined as marginal worker. Work Participation Rate Work Participation Rate is defined as the percentage of total workers (main and marginal) to the total population and is computed as: Work participation rate = [Total workers (Main + Marginal) ÷ Total population] × 100 †

Report of the Advisory Committee for the International Youth Year (A/36/215 annex) and Report of the Expert Group Meeting on Adolescents, Youth and Development UN-DESA (ESA/P/WP/225)

Source: Special Tables on Adolescents and Youth, Census of India, 2001 and 2011; Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India Note: The figures for India and Manipur for Census 2001 exclude the population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur due to administrative reasons. The figures for India in Census 1991 and 1981 do not include population of Jammu & Kashmir and Assam respectively as Census could not be held.

Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India 2/A Man Singh Road, New Delhi www.censusindia.gov.in © Government of India, 2014

Data Product No.: 00-043-2011-Data Sheet(E)

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